The Life of Cicero, by Anthony Trollope



Abeken, German, biographer of Cicero, ii., 39.

“Abiit, excessit, evasit, erupit,” i., 228.

Academica, The, i., 33; ii., 251, 281.

Actio Prima, contra Verrem, i., 139.

Actio Secunda, contra Verrem, i., 138.

Aculeo, Cicero’s uncle, i., 42.

Adjournments, on account of games in the trial of Verres, i., 138.

Advocate, duty in Rome, i., 85, 165;
his duties, ii., 319.

Ædile, Cicero as, i., 162.

“Æstimatum,” tax on corn in Sicily, i., 152.

Agrarian law, two speeches, i., 190;
two supplementary speeches, 191.

[Greek:Aideomai Trôas], i., 288.

Allobroges, their ambassadors, i., 230;
alluded to by Horace, 231;
rewarded, 233.

Æmilius, the Consul, bribed by Cæsar, ii., 116.

Amanus, Cicero’s campaign at the mountain range, ii., 90.

Amicitia, De, ii., 252;
Lælius tells its praises, 313.

Amnesty, granted after Cæsar’s death, ii., 181;
Cicero’s opinion respecting it, 214.

Anatomical researches, ii., 296.

Antiochus of Comagene, Cicero pleads against, ii., 48.

Antiphon, an actor, criticism on, ii., 48.

Antonius Caius, Cicero’s colleague in the Consulship, i., 185;
not trusted, 186;
was worth nothing, 229;
Cicero expects money from, 251.

Antonius Marcus, the orator, i., 43.

Antony, abuse of, i., 151;
silenced by Cicero, 204;
Cassius had desired his death, ii., 178;
forges Cæsar’s writing, 181;
writes to Cicero, 184;
Cicero desires to make him leave Italy, 190;
desires Cicero to assist in the Senate, 191;
desires that Cicero’s house shall be attacked, 192;
determines to answer the first Philippic, 195;
left no friend to speak for him, 196;
his character by Paterculus, 197;
the same from Virgil, ibid.;
how he sought favor with Cæsar, 201;
how he quarrelled with Dolabella, 202;
his letter to Hirtius, 222;
wages war against four Consuls, 224;
one of the Triumvirate, 238.

Appius Claudius, letter to, ii., 79;
runs away from Cicero, 87;
takes away three cohorts, 87;
sends ambassadors to Rome to praise him, 88;
his dishonesty, 113;
twice tried, ibid.;
Censor, 114.

Apronius, who he was, and his character, i., 153.

Arabarches, nickname for Pompey, i., 291.

Aratus, the Phænomena translated, i., 46;
the Prognostics translated, 277; ii., 296.

Arbuscula, the actress, ii., 48.

Archias, Cicero’s tutor, i., 47;
Cicero’s speech, 252.

Ariobarzanes, in debt to Pompey and Brutus, ii., 100.

Army, Cicero joins it, i., 48.

Arpinum, Cicero’s birthplace, i., 40.

Asconius Pedianus, commentator of Cicero, i., 180;
declares that Cicero had accused Crassus of joining Catiline, 218;
tells the story of Milo’s trial, ii., 61.

Asia, Cicero travels in, i., 56.

Asians, the character given them by Cicero, i., 296.

“Assectatores,” who they were, i., 112.

Athens, Cicero is afraid to live there, i., 322;
Cicero’s description of, ii., 289.

Atticus, letters, private, i., 10, 12, 13, 16;
Cicero’s faith in, 19;
general letters, 58;
his character, 58, 166, 182;
Cicero informs him as to Clodius, 255;
and of his speech in Pompey’s favor, 258;
did not quarrel with Cicero, 302;
Cicero complains of his conduct, and then apologizes, 318;
leads money to Cicero, 323;
no letter of his extant, ii., 139;
receives a commission to see Cicero’s debts paid, 188;
Cicero’s last letter to, 206.

Augurs, College of, ii., 58.

Augustine has produced a fragment of the De Republica, ii., 307.

Augustus, devoid of scruple, i., 77;
born in the Consulship of Cicero, i., 239.

Aulus Gellius, tells a story of Cicero’s house, i., 249.

Aurelia, Via, Catiline had left the city by that route, i., 228.

Autronius, selected Consul, i., 214, 252.


Bacon, compared to Cicero, ii., 100.

Balbus, messenger from Cæsar to Cicero, i., 270;
his citizenship defended, ii., 34;
his descendant Emperor, 34.

Battle of the eagle and the serpent, i., 46.

Beesley, Mr., as to Catiline, i., 205.

Bibulus as Consul, i., 282.

Birria stabs Clodius, ii., 62.

Boasting, habit of the Romans, i., 151.

Boissier, Gaston, his book on Cicero, ii., 34.

Bona Dea, her mysteries violated, i., 255.

Bovilla, at, Milo meets Clodius, ii., 62.

Brennus, when at Rome, i., 75.

Brougham, Lord, as to “Memnon,” a tale, i., 46.

Brundisium, Cicero lands at on his return from exile, ii., 129;
Cicero’s misery at, 142.

Brutus, proposes to make a speech in behalf of Milo, ii., 66;
his usury, 96;
the story of his debt in Cilicia, 97;
Cicero’s opinion, 103;
letters from, 140;
how he should be judged for the murder of Cæsar, 174;
his character, 180;
no aptitude for ruling, ibid.;
Cicero meets him at Velia, 189;
his manners to Cicero, 190;
praised, 216;
correspondence with, doubted, 216;
an honest patriot, 227;
will not assist Cicero, 235;
Cicero’s respect for, 267.

Brutus, The, ii., 251;
Brutus, or De Claris Oratoribus, 265.

Brutus, Decimus, letters from, ii., 140;
preparing to fight, 206;
deficient as a general, 228;
is slain, 235.

Buthrotum, Atticus, writes to Cicero respecting, ii., 185.


Cæcilia Metella, her tomb, ii., 160.

Cæcilius, put up to plead against Verres, i., 132;
ridiculed as to his insufficiency, 136.

Cæcina, Cicero’s speech for, i., 163.

Cælius, one of the young bloods of Rome, i., 36;
his character, ii., 35;
one of Clodia’s lovers, ibid.;
defended by Cicero, 36;
harangues the people for Milo, 64;
scolded for the folly of his letters, 84;
asks for panthers, 85;
style of his letters, 89;
attached to Cicero, 90;
letters from, 140.

Cælius, C., left in charge of Cilicia, ii., 106.

Cæparius, one of Catiline’s conspirators, i., 232.

Cærellia, her name mentioned, ii., 186.

Cæsar, devoid of scruple, i., 77;
his debts, 103;
his cruelty, 104;
Cicero’s treatment of, 152;
passing the Rubicon, 176;
did he join the conspiracy of Catiline, 215;
in debt, 216;
his prospects, ibid.;
no ground for accusing him as second conspiracy, 219;
his opinion of Cicero, ibid.;
attempt to murder as he left the Senate, ibid.;
present at the first Catiline oration, 225;
speech as to Catiline, 236;
his career commenced, 241;
did not think of overthrowing the Republic, 242;
had not thought of ruling Rome, 260;
money nothing to him, 266;
his general character, ibid.;
his first Consulship, 282;
illegality of his actions, 283;
has the two Gauls allotted to him, 284;
endeavors to screen Cicero, 292;
naturally a conspirator, ii., 20;
defence of his Proconsular power, 29, 30, 31;
his doings in Gaul, 31;
Cicero’s conduct in reference to, 32;
why Cicero flattered him, 33;
intends to rule the Empire, 39;
crosses into Britain, 56;
money due to him by Cicero, 82;
returns the two legions, 116;
sits down at the Rubicon, 117;
tramples on all the laws, 118;
Cicero excuses his letter to, 122;
his clemency to Romans, 137;
absence of revenge, ibid.;
does not allow Cicero to sell his property, 138;
is magnificent, 139;
sits as judge, 153;
returns to Spain, 156;
returns from Spain, 161;
is likened to Romulus, 162;
his five triumphs, ibid.;
is flattered by Cicero, 165;
sups with Cicero, 168;
his death, 172;
his assassination esteemed a glorious deed, 175;
Cicero present, 177;
an altar put up to, 185;
his laws to be sanctioned, 193.

Calenus, talks of peace, ii., 214;
attacked by Cicero, 215.

Caninius, Consul for a few hours, ii., 272.

Capitol, description of, ii., 179;
Brutus returns to, ibid.

Cappadocian slaves, ii., 101.

Cassius, Cicero says that he would not obey the Senate, ii., 219;
will not assist Cicero, 235.

Castor, the temple of, in the trial of Verres, i., 143.

Castor, accuses his grandfather, Deiotarus, ii., 164.

Catiline, one of Sulla’s murderers, i., 78;
Cicero opposed to for Consulship, 110, 183;
Cicero does not defend him, 183;
the Catiline speeches described by Cicero, 191;
a popular hero, 205;
a step between the Gracchi and Cæsar, 207;
Mr. Beesley’s opinion as to his high birth, 211;
and courage, ibid.;
his real character, 212;
not elected Consul, 214;
second conspiracy, 218;
accused by Lepidus, 222;
he leaves the city, 228;
third speech against, 230;
fourth speech against, 235;
he dies, 239.

Cato, accuses Murena, i., 193;
his stoicism laughed at, ibid.;
speech as to Catiline, 238;
opposed Clodius, 256;
keeping gladiators, ii., 23;
opposes Cicero’s request for a “supplication,” 105;
his death, 147;
Cicero praises him, 148;
a glutton with books, 287;
his suicide defended, 317.

Cato the elder, praise of, ii., 307.

Catullus, his epigram on Cæsar and Mamurra, ii., 169.

Caudine Forks, i., 76.

“Cedant arma togæ,” an impotent scream, i., 65.

Cethegus, one of Catiline’s conspirators, i., 232.

Chesterfield, Lord, his advice to his son, ii., 318.

Christian, Cicero almost one, ii., 325.

Christina, Queen, on Cicero, i., 19.

Chrysogonus, creature of Sulla’s, i., 85, 86, 91, 92.

Churches, rules complied with for the sake of example, ii., 298.

Cicero, young Marcus, wishes to serve under Cæsar, ii., 156;
money allowed for living at Athens, 157;
does not do well, 158.

Cilicia, governed for a year, ii., 8;
Cicero’s mode of government, 77;
why undertaken, ibid.;
Cicero’s government had cost no man a shilling, 85.

“Cincia Lex De Muneribus,” i., 100.

Cispius, defended, ii., 46.

“Civis Romanus,” his privileges, i., 158.

Claterna, taken by Hirtius, ii., 214.

Claudian family, desecrated by Clodius, i., 275.

Clodia, her character, i., 317.

Clodius, Cicero’s language to, i., 186;
accuses Catiline, 213;
intrudes on the mysteries of the Bona Dea, 255;
acquitted, 257;
quarrels with Cicero, ibid.;
Cicero’s speech against, 262;
his Tribunate, 272;
favored by Cæsar and Pompey, ibid.;
is made a Plebeian, 273;
prepares to attack Cicero, 311;
had put up a statue of a Greek prostitute as a figure of liberty, ii., 21;
slaughtered, 62;
his mode of travelling about, 72.

Cluentius Aulus, speech on his behalf, i., 179;
work in defending immense, 189.

Cluvius, leaves Cicero a property, ii., 182.

“Cohors,” Cicero, in anger, so calls his suite, ii., 107.

College of priests, oration spoken before, ii., 20.

Commentarium of Cælius, ii., 105.

Conduct, Cicero’s, as governor, ii., 22.

Conservative, Cicero was one, i., 308.

Consolation, Cicero complains that nothing is of use, ii., 160.

Consular speeches, twelve, i., 190.

Consulatu de suo, Cicero quotes his own poem, i., 271.

Consulatus de Petitione, i., 108.

Consuls and other officers reconformed by Sulla, i., 78;
the manner in which they were selected, 184;
their duties, 187;
never two bad Consuls together, ii., 14;
Cicero asks them to praise him, 92;
are they to be sent out of Italy? 218.

Cornelius, a Knight employed to kill Cicero, i., 223.

Cornelius Caius, speech on his behalf, i., 180.

Cornelius Nepos, on Cicero, i., 14;
his sayings as to Cicero’s letters, 166.

Cotta, Lucius Aurelius, elected Consul, i., 214.

Cotta, the orator, Cicero knew him in his youth, i., 43.

Courage, as to the nature of, i., 299;
shown in the Philippics, ii., 199.

Cowardice, Cicero accused of, ii., 220;
the charge repelled, 246.

Crassus, noted for usury, i., 102;
did he join Catiline? 215;
like M. Pourier, 217;
present at first Catiline oration, 225;
belauds Cicero in the Senate, 258;
one of the Triumvirate, 267;
says a man cannot be rich unless he can keep an army in his pay, 315;
destroyed in Parthia, ii., 57.

Crassus, Lucius, the orator, i., 43;
his death, ii., 263.

Curio the elder, Cicero’s lampoon, i., 328.

Curio and Claudius, speech against, i., 262.

Curio bribed by Cæsar, ii., 116;
intimate with Antony, 201.

Curius, betrays Catiline’s conspiracy, i., 222.

Cybea, the ship built for Verres by the Mamertines, i., 155.


Dates, as to those to be used, i., 39.

Death, endured bravely by Cicero, i., 298.

Decemviri, to be appointed under the law of Rullus, i., 198.

“Decumanum,” tithe on corn in Sicily, i., 152.

“Deductores,” who they were, i., 115.

Deiotarus, Cicero pleads for, ii., 163.

Democrat, Cicero wrongly called, i., 304.

De Quincey, his opinion of Cicero, i., 20;
his anger against Middleton, ii., 107.

Deserter, in politics Cicero defended from the accusation, i., 305.

Despotism, personal, ill effects of, i., 309.

Dio persecuted in the trial of Verres, i., 145.

Dio Cassius, as to Cicero, i., 18;
as to Cicero’s oath, 241.

Diodotus, Cicero studies with, i., 50.

Dionysius, the Greek tutor, ii., 121.

Dishonesty, the charge repelled as to Cicero, ii., 245.

Diversos, Ad, letters to, i., 166.

“Divinatio, in Quintum Cæcilium,” i., 132.

Divinatione, De, ii., 252, 297.

Divorces, common with Romans, ii., 144.

Doctrine, Cicero does not live according to his own, ii., 291.

Dolabella, Cicero’s pupil in oratory, ii., 155;
his cruelty, 186.

Dorotheus, an enemy of Sthenius, i., 147;
trial of Verres, ibid.

Drusus, his gardens to be bought, ii., 161.

Du Bos, Simon, ii., 304.

Duty to the state, ii., 316.

Dyrrachium, Cicero’s protection of, i., 101;
sojourned there during his exile, 325.


Education, expense of, i., 61.

Egypt, Cicero asked by Cæsar to go there, i., 288.

Eleusinian mysteries, i., 59.

Elizabeth, Queen, glory of her reign, i., 77.

“Emptum,” tax on corn, i., 152.

Encyclopædia Britannica, character of Cicero, i., 11.

Ephesus, how Cicero was received there, ii., 85.

Epicureans, i., 58.

Epicurus, dying, ii., 286;
Cicero’s peculiar dislike to, 295.

Epistles, number written by and to Cicero, i., 58;
the first we have, 166;
do not deal with history, 167;
their truth, ibid.;
Tiro had collected, 70; ii., 188;
his last official and military, 231.

Eques, or knight, Cicero one, i., 40.

Equites, i., 128;
their duties as tax-gatherers, 280.

Equity, Cicero accused of trifling with, ii., 100.

Erasmus, his opinion of Cicero, i., 123.

Erucius, accuses Sextus Roscius, i., 84, 87.

Eryx, Mount, temple of Venus, i., 145.

Exile, Cicero’s, i., 125, 297;
sentence against Cicero, 322;
attempt to bring him back, 329;
did not write during, 330.


Famine, in Rome, ii., 18.

Fato, De, i., 252, 297, 303.

Finibus, De, i., 33; ii., 251, 284.

Fish-ponders, who they were, ii., 180.

Flaccus, speech on behalf of, i., 295.

Flavius, his goodness to Cicero when exiled, i., 323.

Florus, as to Cicero, i., 16;
as to Catiline, 209.

Fonteius, Cicero’s speech for, i., 163;
purchase of a house, 170.

Formiæ, Cicero killed at, ii., 243.

Formanum, purchases for the villa, i., 171.

Forsyth, Mr., i., 7, 9;
passage quoted, 20;
defends the English bar, 214;
as to Cicero’s exile, 298;
as to the story of Brutus, ii., 99;
quoted as to the Philippics, 226.

Fortitude, Roman, i., 326.

Froude, Mr., accuses Cicero of a desire for Cæsar’s death, i., 9, 10;
his sketch of Cæsar, 63;
hard things said of Cicero, 123;
as to Cicero’s exile, 298;
gives his reason for Cicero’s going to Cilicia, ii., 77.

Frumentaria, De Re, third speech on the Actio Secunda in Verrem,
i., 141.

Fulvia betrays Catiline’s conspiracy, i., 222.

Fulvia, widow of Clodius, exposes the body of Clodius, ii., 63.


Gabinius, A., abuse of, i., 151;
proposes law in favor of Pompey, 172;
Consul when Cicero was banished, 312;
takes his shrubs, 325;
whether he shall be punished, ii., 9;
comes back to Rome and is defended by Cicero, 47.

Gabinius, P., one of Catiline’s conspirators, i., 232.

Gain, the source of mean or noble, ii., 318.

Gallus, Caninius, defended by Cicero, ii., 46.

Gavius, Cicero’s treatment of, ii., 102.

Gavius, P., a Roman citizen, i., 158.

Geography, Cicero thinks of writing about, i., 289.

Getæ, shall he bring them down on Rome, ii., 123.

Glabrio, Prætor at the trial of Verres, i., 138.

Gloria, De, translated, ii., 188.

Godhead, Cicero’s belief in, ii., 26;
Cicero’s ideas of, 295, 326.

Gracchi, the two, i., 76;
latest disciple of, 203;
what they attempted, 215.

Grævius, arranged Cicero’s letters, i., 168.

Greece, Cicero travels in, i., 56.

Gueroult, M., his enthusiasm for Cicero, i., 252.


Heaven, Cicero’s idea of, ii., 324.

Hierosolymarius, nickname of Pompey, i., 289.

Heius, Marcus, his story in the trial of Verres, i., 155.

Helvia, Cicero’s mother’s story respecting, i., 42.

Heraclius, the story of, on the trial of Verres, i., 145.

Herennius, killed Cicero, ii., 243.

Hirtius, on Cicero’s side, ii., 209;
killed, 223.

Historians, what they would say of Cicero, i., 301.

Homer’s verses of the Eagle and the Serpent, i., 46.

Honest man, how he ought to live, ii., 319.

“Honestum,” what it means, ii., 315.

Horace, his boasting, i., 151;
his treatment of women, 317.

Hortensius, on the trial of Verres, i., 130, 138, 161;
comes to see Cicero as he leaves Rome, ii., 82.

House, purchased on the Palatine Hill, i., 250;
the spot consecrated by Clodius, ii., 16.

Human race, Cicero’s love for, ii., 290.

Hypsæus, candidate for the Consulship, ii., 61.


“Imperator,” Cicero is named, ii., 91.

Income, Cicero’s amount of, i., 61, 99.

Insincerity of Cicero, ii., 112;
almost necessary, ibid.;
Cicero’s defended, 247.

Invective, bitterness of Cicero’s, i., 32.

Inventione, De, i., 51;
four books remaining, ii., 251, 253.


“Jews,” gold of their temple saved, i., 296.

Jonson, Ben, his description of Catiline, i., 208, 222.

Journey into Greece, Cicero intends a, ii., 184.

Judges, how they sat with a Prætor, i., 93.

Julia, Cæsar’s wife, dies, ii., 57.

Jupiter Stator, Cicero’s first speech against Catiline in the temple of, i., 224;
Cicero returns thanks for, in the temple, ii., 12.

Jurisdictione Siciliensi, De, i., 141.

Juvenal, as to Cicero, i., 16;
as to Catiline, 209.


Killing Roman citizens, Cicero to be charged with, i., 295.

Kings, odious to Cicero as to all Romans, ii., 175.


Labienus, an optimate, i., 293.

La Harpe, his opinion of the Pro Marcello, ii., 151.

Lælius in the dialogue De Republica, ii., 307.

Lanuvium, Milo returning from, ii., 62.

Laodicea, Cicero is governor, i., 86.

Lawyers, Cicero ridicules them, i., 194.

Legacies, a source of income, i., 103.

Legions, the, are Cæsarian, ii., 229.

Legibus, De, ii., 251;
taken from Plato, 309.

Legation offered to Cicero, i., 292.

Lentulus, letters to, ii., 22;
explaining his conduct, 51.

Lentulus, Publius Cornelius, one of Catiline’s conspirators, i., 232;
killed, 238;
Cicero broke the law in regard to, 313.

Lepidus, his character, ii., 210;
recommended peace, 221;
one of the Triumvirate, 240.

Leucopetra, Cicero landed at, ii., 189.

Lex Porcia forbidden death of Roman, i., 236.

Liberty, Roman idea of, i., 26.

“Librarii,” short-hand writers, i., 189.

Ligarius, Cicero speaks for, ii., 152.

Lilybæum, Cicero Quæstor at, i., 114.

Literature, Cicero’s reason for devoting himself to, ii., 256.

Livy, as to Cicero, i., 15;
his evidence as to Catiline’s conspiracy, 217;
his political tendencies, ii., 306.

Long, Mr., his opinion of the Pro Marcello, ii., 151.

Lucan, as to Cicero, i., 15;
would have extolled him had he killed himself, 303.

Lucceius, Cicero applies to him for praise, ii., 24.

Lucretius, the period at which he wrote, i., 24.

Lucullus, absent in the East seven years, i., 176.

Lucullus, The, ii., 282


Macaulay, Mr., his verdict as to Cicero’s character, i., 8.

Mai, Cardinal, his opinion of the Pro Marcello, ii., 151.

Mallius, lieutenant of Catiline, i., 222;
declared a public enemy, 230.

Mamertines, people of Messina, favorites of Verres, i., 155.

Manilia Pro Lege, i., 177, Appendix D.

Manilius, his law in favor of Pompey, i., 177.

Marcellus, had conquered Syracuse, i., 156.

Marcellus, M. C., is Consul, ii., 83;
flogs a citizen of Novocomum, ibid.;
his enmity to Cæsar, 148;
Cicero speaks for him, 150;
is murdered, 151.

Marcellus Caius, Cicero congratulates him on his Consulship, ii., 88.

Marius, born at Arpinum, i., 40;
origin of his quarrel with Sulla, 49.

Marius, a poem by Cicero, i., 47.

Martia, Legio, character of, ii., 207.

Martial, as to Cicero, i., 15.

Mendaciuncula, Cicero’s use of, i., 164.

Merivale, Dean, as to Cicero, i., 9;
History of Rome, 63;
as to Catiline, 210;
as to Cicero’s exile, 297.

Metellus, Quintus on the side of Verres, i., 129, 138;
the history of the family, 248;
Celer, his complaint against Cicero, 246;
Nepos, forbids Cicero to speak on vacating the Consulship, 240.

Middleton, his biography a by word for eulogy, i., 123;
quoted as to Clodius, 274;
as to Cicero’s exile, 297;
censures Cicero for going into, 318;
nature of his biography, ii., 107.

Milo, gives public games, ii., 48;
Cicero wishes him to be Consul, 56;
his trial, 59;
accused of bringing a dagger into the Senate, 64;
demands protection, 65;
condemned, 67;
his mode of travelling, 72.

Milone, Pro, Cicero’s oration, i., 53;
specially admired, ii., 60;
not heard, 67.

Mithridates, Sulla sent against, i., 50;
Pompey has command against, 176.

Molo, Cicero studies with, i., 50, 56.

Mommsen, his history, i., 63;
opinion of Rome, 72, 74;
as to Cæsar and Crassus, 218;
as to Cicero’s exile, 297;
description of Rome during Cicero’s exile, 328;
deals hardly with Cicero, ii., 33;
as to Cicero owing money to Cæsar, 82;
his interpretation of Cæsar’s names, 172;
tells us nothing of Cæsar’s death, 178;
his verdict as to Rome, 306.

Money, restored to Cicero for rebuilding his house, ii., 21.

Montesquieu, as to Roman religion, ii., 20.

Morabin, as to Cicero’s exile, i., 297;
doubts Cicero’s presence at Cæsar’s death, ii., 177.

Moral Essays, ii., 304.

Mourning, Cicero assumes prior to his exile, i., 316.

Munda, final battle of, ii., 156.

Murena, Cicero defended, i., 191;
accused of bribery, 192;
and of dancing, 193;
a soldier, 195.

Musical charm of Cicero’s language, ii., 28.

Mutina, ambassadors sent to Antony before, ii., 209;
the battle, 223;
badly managed, 228.


Names, Roman, as to forms to be used, i., 38;
usual with Romans to have three, 41.

Nasica, his joke, ii., 262.

Natura Deorum, De, ii., 252, 266, 294.

“Nomenclatio,” the meaning, i., 113.

Nonis Juliis, ii., 188.

“Novus ante me nemo,” i., 202.


Octavius, comes to Rome, ii., 181;
meets Cicero, ibid.;
quarrels with Antony, 204;
feared by Cicero, 205;
would he be Consul, 232;
marches into Rome, ibid.;
his enmity to Cicero, 233;
his insolence, 237;
is reconciled to Antony, ibid.;
the meeting in the island at Bologna, 238;
his conduct, ibid.;
letter to him, supposed from Cicero, but a forgery, 240.

Officiis, De, ii., 205, 252;
perfect treatise on morals, 314.

“O fortunatam natam,” i., 277.

“Old Mortality,” torture as there described, i., 88.

Oppianicus, his life, i., 179.

Oppius Publius, his trial, i., 126.

Optimates, Pompey their leader, i., 175.

Optimo Genere Oratorum, De, ii., 251, 264.

Orations, how Cicero treated his own, ii., 167.

Oratiuncula, twelve consular speeches so called, i., 190.

Orator, The, ii., 251;
graced by the name of Brutus, 266.

Oratore, De, Cicero’s dialogues, ii., 38;
sent to Lentulus, 46, 251, 256, 270.

Oratoriæ Partitiones, ii., 145, 265.

Oratory, Cicero’s three modes of speaking, i., 94;
his charms, 137;
purposes of, ii., 274.

Ornament, Greek taste for, i., 154.

Otho’s law, speech concerning, i., 190, 204.


Pagan, Cicero one, ii., 330.

Palinodia, or recantation, by Cicero, ii., 23.

Palatine Hill, Cicero’s house destroyed, i., 325.

Pansa, the Consul on Cicero’s side, ii., 209;
slain, 223.

Paradoxes, the six, ii., 146.

Partitiones, Oratoriæ, ii., 251.

Peel, Sir Robert, i., 303.

Perfection, required in an orator, ii., 257;
Cicero fails in describing it, 257, 258, 261.

Perfect orator, not desirable, ii., 275.

Philippics, origin of the name, ii., 192;
the first, 193;
the second not intended to be spoken or published, 198;
commences with satire against Antony, 199;
the third and fourth, 206;
the fifth, 210;
the sixth, 211;
the seventh, 212;
the eighth, 215;
the ninth, ibid.;
the tenth, ibid.;
the eleventh, 217;
the twelfth, 220;
the thirteenth, 222;
the fourteenth, ibid.

Philo, the academician, i., 43;
Cicero studies with, 50, 51.

Philodamus, and his daughter in the trial of Verres, i., 142.

Philology, discussed with Cæsar, ii., 170.

Philosophy, Cicero’s nature of, i., 33, 58, 59;
rumor that Cicero will devote himself to it, 97;
Cicero did not believe in it, 194;
devotes himself to it, ii., 163;
the nature of Cicero’s treatises, 277;
the nature of his feeling, 278;
Greek laughed at by Cicero, ibid.;
not real with him, 280;
apologizes for, 319.

Philotomus, freedman of Terentia, ii., 105.

Phænomena, The, by Aratus, i., 46.

Pindenissum, Cicero besieges, ii., 91;
his letter to Cato respecting, 92.

Pirates, picked up by officers of Verres, i., 160;
commission given to Pompey against, 171;
their power, 172.

Piso, abuse of, i., 151;
Consul when Cicero was banished, 312;
Cicero appeals to him, 320;
robs Cicero, 324;
Cicero’s speech against, ii., 41;
of high family, ibid.;
becomes Censor, 42;
speaks for Antony in the Senate, 220.

Piso, Calpurnius, Cicero defended, i., 191.

Plancius, very kind to Cicero, i., 325;
Cicero pleads for, ii., 49.

Plancus, Lucius, letters from, ii., 140;
Cicero writes to him, 211;
may have been true, 228, 230, 234.

Plancus, Munatius, Cicero’s joy at his condemnation, ii., 74.

Pliny, the elder, as to Cicero, i., 204.

Plato, Cicero describes himself as a lover of, ii., 288.

Plutarch, is to Cicero, i., 16;
accuses him of running from Sulla’s wrath, 57.

Poetry, Cicero as a poet, i., 47.

Poetus, gave some books to Cicero, i., 13;
Cicero’s correspondence with, ii., 172;
Cicero took his books, 328.

Political opinions, Cicero’s, i., 54, 55;
definition made by Cicero, ii., 28.

Pollio, may have been true, ii., 228, 234.

Pompeia, Cæsar’s wife divorced, i., 255.

Pompeius, Strabo, father of Pompey the Great, i., 49.

Pompey, the rising man, i., 55;
devoid of scruple, 77;
appointed to put down the pirates, 172;
his character, 173;
how regarded by Cæsar, 216;
his intercourse with Cæsar, 243;
Cicero’s letters to, 244;
chosen by him as his leader, 246;
called home to act against Catiline, 247;
returns from the East, 257;
his jealousy, 259;
Mommsen’s opinion, ibid.;
one of the Triumvirate, 267;
his marriage with Julia, 282;
his ingratitude to Cicero, 287;
his nick-names, 289, 291;
promises to help Cicero against Clodius, 294;
the story of Cicero kneeling to him, 321;
Cicero forgives him, 327;
offended by Cicero’s praise of himself, ii., 15;
commissioned to feed Rome, 19;
Cicero to be his lieutenant, ibid.;
his games, Cicero’s description of, 44, 45;
sole Consul, 59;
Dictator, 63;
would be unwilling to bring back Clodius, 73;
claims money from Ariobarzanes, 101;
begins to attack Cæsar, 105;
borrowed Cicero’s money, 111;
Cicero clings to, 119;
was murdered at the mouth of the Nile, 126.

Pomponia, her treatment of her husband Quintius, ii., 79.

Pontius Glaucus, a poem, i., 44.

Popilius Lænas, killed Cicero, ii., 243, 244.

Populace of Rome, condition of, ii., 11.

Prætor, Cicero elected, i., 171, 176.

Prætura Urbana, De, first speech in the second action In Verrem,
i., 141.

Proconsul, his desire for provincial robbery, i., 99, 100.

Property, redistribution of, i., 196.

Provinces, the struggle for, ii., 206.

Pseudo Asconius, commentaries on the Verrine orations, i., 180.

Publicani, their duties, i., 280.

Publilia, married to Cicero, ii., 155.

Publius Quintius, speech on his behalf, i., 80.

Punic wars, the, i., 76.

Puteoli, at, the story he tells of himself, i., 120.


Quæstor, Cicero elected, i., 107;
his character in regard to the Proconsul with whom he acted, 133.

Quintilian, as to Cicero, i., 16, 182, 225;
as to Cicero’s education, 57;
says that Cicero’s speeches were arranged by Tiro, 95;
description of bar oratory, 96;
accuses Cicero of running into iambics, ii., 43;
his opinion of the Pro Milone, 60;
Pro Cluentio, 61;
cases given by him, 255;
his description of an orator’s voice, 275, 276.

Quintus Cicero (the elder), i., 42;
service in Gaul, 62;
his character, 169;
sent out as Proprætor, 262;
his brother’s letter to him, 277, 278;
affecting letter to, 326;
speaks ill of his brother to Cæsar, ii., 139;
and his son, are killed, 243.

Quintus Cicero (the younger) wishes to go to the Parthian war, ii., 163;
declares his repentance, 187;
had been Antony’s “right hand,” ibid.;
his fate, ibid.;
his hypocrisy and the vanity of Cicero, 188.

Quirites, their mode of living, i., 111.


Rabirius, Cicero defends, i., 190.

Rabirius Postumus, Cicero defends, ii., 53.

Raillery, not good at the Roman bar, ii., 262.

Reate, Cicero speaks for the inhabitants, ii., 48.

Religion, Cicero’s, ii., 321.

Republic, Cicero swears that he has saved it, i., 241;
Cicero’s guiding principle, 309;
held fast by the idea of preserving it, 310;
as conceived by Cicero, ii., 227.

Republica, De, Cicero’s treatise, ii., 38, 251;
six books, 305.

Republican form of government, popular, i., 261.

Retail trade, base, i., 102.

Rheticorum, four books addressed to Herennius, i., 51; ii., 251.

“Rhetores,” their mode of tuition, i., 52.

Rhythm, Cicero’s lessons too fine for our ears, ii., 271.

Roman citizens, their mode of life, i., 315.

Romans, the, had no religion, ii., 321.

Rome, falling into anarchy, i., 50;
how she recovered herself, ii., 204.

Roscius, the actor, Cicero pleads on his behalf, i., 105.

Roscius, Titus Capito, i., 85, 90.

Roscius, Titus Magnus, i., 85, 89.

Rosoir, Du M, his testimony as to Cicero, i., 127;
his accusations against, 178;
as to Cicero’s exile, 297;
his accusations, ii., 176;
accuses Cicero of cowardice, 191.

Rubicon, the passage of, i., 125; ii., 120.

Ruined man, Cicero returns from exile as, ii., 16.

Rullus, brings in Agrarian laws, i., 196;
his father-in-law had acquired property under Sulla, 198;
ridiculed for being “sordidatus,” 199;
spoken of in the Senate, 203.


“Saga,” when worn, ii., 223.

Salaminians agree to be guided by Cicero, ii., 99.

Sallust, as to Cicero, i., 17;
as to Catiline, 187, 209, 219;
his story not conflicting with Cicero’s, 220, 227.

“Salutatores,” who they were, i., 112.

Sampsiceramus, nickname for Pompey, i., 291.

Sappho, the statue of, by Silanion, i., 157.

Sassia, her life, i., 179.

Saufeius twice acquitted, ii., 67.

Scævola, Quintus, instructed Cicero, i., 43.

Scaptius, the story of, ii., 93, 102;
agent of Brutus in getting his debts paid, 96, 99.

Scipio the great, gives the idea of Roman power, i., 76.

Scipio the younger, in the dialogue De Republica, ii., 307;
his dream, 308;
translated, 333.

Scipio, Q. Metellus, candidate for the Consulship, ii., 61.

Sempronia, accused by Sallust of dancing too well, i., 193;
Catiline’s plot carried on at her house, 230.

Sempronia Lex declares that a Roman should not be put to death, i., 237.

Senate, their honors, i., 116;
their disgrace, 117;
pass a vote that they will go into mourning for Cicero, 319;
Cicero’s presence demanded in, ii., 189.

Senate house scene described in a letter to Quintus, ii., 22, 23;
is burnt, 63;
archives destroyed, 70.

Senectute, De, ii., 252;
Cato tells its praises, 312.

Servilius, compliment paid to, at the trial of Verres, i., 140.

Serving his fellow creatures, Cicero’s way of doing, ii., 300, 301.

Sextus, letter to, as to borrowing money, i., 249;
defence of, ii., 27;
Cicero’s gratitude to, ibid.

Sextus Roscius Amerinus, i., 80.

Shakespeare, his conception correct as to Cæsar’s death, ii., 173.

Shelley, version of the Eagle and the Serpent, i., 46.

Short hand writing, the system of, i., 189.

Sicilians invite Cicero to take their part against Verres, i., 118;
their wishes for his assistance, 135.

Sicily divided into two provinces, i., 114.

Signis, De, fourth speech at the second action In Verrem, i., 141.

Slaves, tortured to obtain evidence, i., 88.

Solitude, he had not strength to exercise, ii., 320.

Soothsayers, appeal made to them as to Cicero, ii., 26.

Soothsaying, ii., 300.

“Sordidatus,” Cicero’s dress before going into exile, i., 301.

Speeches made by Cicero on his return from exile, ii., 9;
question whether they be genuine, 10.

States, Italian, jealousy of, leading to first civil war, i., 49.

Statilius, one of Catiline’s conspirators, i., 252.

Statues, purchase of, i., 170.

Stenography, the Roman system, i., 189.

Sthenius, his trial, i., 127, 146.

Suetonius, accuses Cæsar of joining Catiline, i., 217;
character of Cæsar, 273.

Sulla, Cicero served with, i., 49;
declared Dictator, 54;
Cicero on Sulla’s side in politics, 55;
goes to the East, 67;
his massacres, 68;
reorganizes the law, 69;
his resignation, 70;
attacked by Cicero, 92.

Sulla, P., elected Consul, i., 214;
Cicero’s speech for, 252.

Sulpicius, Publius, the orator, i., 43.

Sulpicius, Servius, laughed at as an orator, i., 194;
one of the ambassadors dies on his journey ii., 213.

Superstitions of old Rome, ii., 25.

“Supplicatio,” decreed to Cicero, i., 282,
nature of, ii., 104;
granted for Mutina for fifty days, 225.

Suppliciis, De, fifth speech in the second action In Verrem, i., 141.

“Symphoniacos homines,” i., 160.

Syracuse, robberies of Verres, i., 156.


Tablets of wax used by judges, i., 93.

Tacitus, as to Cicero, i., 16;
De Oratoribus, 51.

Terentia, Cicero’s wife, i., 98;
Cicero’s affection for, 324;
as to the divorce, ii., 105;
his style to is changed, 115;
Cicero in a sad condition as to, 138;
divorced, 145, 154.

Teucris, nickname for Antony, Cicero’s colleague, i., 251.

Thapsus, battle of, ii., 147.

Thessalonica, Cicero’s sojourn there during his exile, i., 325.

Tiro, Cicero’s slave and secretary, i., 42;
Cicero’s affectionate letters to, ii., 119;
Cicero writes to, respecting Antony, 184.

Toga virilis, Cicero assumes it, i., 48.

Topica, The, prepared for Trebatius, ii., 189, 252;
taken from Aristotle, 272, 273.

Torquatus, elected Consul, i., 214.

Torquatus, young, attacks Cicero, i., 253.

Translating, Roman feeling in doing it, ii., 252.

Travels, gives his own reasons for going to Greece and Asia, i., 58.

Trebatius, confided to Cæsar, i., 62;
recommends him to Cæsar, ii., 48, 49.

Trebonius, massacred by Dolabella, ii., 217.

Tribunate, Cicero’s defence of, ii., 311.

“Triennium fere fuit, urbs sine armis,” i., 67.

Triumph, Cicero applies for, ii., 103;
nature of, ibid.;
the cause of trouble to him, 115, 120.

Triumvirate, the first, i., 264;
not mentioned by Mommsen, 265;
description by Horace, ibid.;
not so known, 269.

Tubero, accuses Ligarius, ii., 153;
Cicero refuses to alter his speech, 154.

Tullia, Cicero’s daughter, i., 106, 170;
betrothed to Caius Piso, 171;
meets Cicero at Brundisium, ii., 11;
she is a widow, ibid.;
divorced from Crassipes, 58;
marries Dolabella for her third husband, 111;
Cicero had desired that she should marry Tiberius Nero, ibid.;
calls her the light of his life, 115;
dies, 158;
her proposed monument, 160.

Tullius Marcus Decula, defended by Cicero, i., 123.

Tusculanæ Disputationes, i., 33; ii., 251, 290;
their five heads, 291.

Tusculum Villa, gives commission for purchase of statues, i., 170.

Tusculum, Dialogue de Oratore held there, ii., 259.

Twenty-six years old when Cicero pleaded his first cause, i., 54.

Tyranny, in the Senate, Cicero charged with, ii., 72.

Tyrrell, Mr., arrangement of Cicero’s letters, i., 169;
doubts thrown on a letter to Atticus, 191.


Usury, base, i., 102.


Valerius Maximus, as to Catiline, i., 209.

Valerius, Cicero stays at his villa, ii., 189.

Varenus, his trial, i., 127.

Vargunteius, a knight employed to kill Cicero, i., 223.

Varro, the period at which he wrote, i., 24.

Vatinius, speech against, ii., 28;
Cicero defends, 48.

Velleius Paterculus, as to Cicero, i., 15;
as to Catiline, 209.

Veneti, Cæsar’s treatment of, ii., 166.

Vercingetorix, conquered at Alesia, ii., 74.

Verres, his trial, i., 125;
Governor for three years, 126;
retires into exile, 141;
standard-bearer to Hortensius, 149;
fined and sent into exile, 161.

Vibo to Velia, Cicero’s journey in a small boat from, i., 138.

Vigintiviratus, offered to Cicero, i., 12;
Cicero repudiates, 288.

Vindemiolæ, the way Cicero expends them, 177.

Virgil, Cicero intended by, i., 14;
his version of the Eagle and the Serpent, 46;
his boasting, 151;
his allusion to Cicero, 203;
description of Catiline, 209.

Volcatius, does not speak for Marcellus, ii., 150.

Voltaire, version of the Eagle and the Serpent, i., 40;
description of Catiline, 208.


Wolf, his criticism on the Pro Marcello, ii., 151.

Work, the amount of, done by Cicero, ii., 122.

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Last updated Sunday, March 27, 2016 at 12:01