Narrative of an expedition into Central Australia, by Charles Sturt

No. I. List of specimens, and the names of the various rocks, collected during the expedition.

2) Tertiary Fossil, or limestone, (opalescent) from above
3) the fossil cliffs.
5 Ferruginous sandstone.
6 Soapstone, apparently a recent deposit.
7 Gneiss.
8 Hornstone, a variety of.
9 Specular iron ore, lamellar with quartz.
10 Granite, with mammillary hematite--hornstone.
11 Specular iron ore, and iron ore highly magnetic.
12 Granite, white, a variety of.
13 Soapstone or clay, schorl, and slate with mica and chlorite.
14 Gneiss, a variety.
15 Granite, grey, both fine and coarse.
16 Granite, white, fine grained.
17 Hornstone, and mica slate (waved).
18 Clay.
19 Magnesian limestone, and limestone slaty and impure.
20 White conglomerate rock, appearing a binary granite.
21 Indurated clay.
22 Silicious pebbles.
23 Silicious rock, with veins of quartz.
24 Silicious rock.
25 Rock composed principally of silica and alumen forming sandstone.
26 Milky quartz.
27) Rounded balls, composed of sand and clay, cemented by oxide of iron;
28) hollow, but without crystals; rounded by the action of water.
29 Hornstone.
30 Granite, grey, a variety.
31 Ferruginous sandstone.
32 Silicious rock, with veins of quartz.
33 Mica slate.
34 Quartz, indurated with red veins.
35 Silicious rock, dusky.
36 Silicious rock, white.
37 Gypsum, or sulphate of lime.
38 Quartz veins from slate; trap rock, containing hornblende and
feldspar; limestone, recent, with clay and slate imbedded.
39 Impure and slaty limestone; hornslate, a variety.
40 Hemaetite, a silicious oxide of iron; quartz veins in slate; silicious
rock; chalcedony; sandy clay.
41 Indurated and dusky quartz.
42 Quartz, a hard, fine-grained dusky variety.
43 Ditto ditto ditto
44 Silicious rock, appearing a knob, from a slate formation
45 Limestone (fibrous).
46 Silicious rock.
47 Horn slate.
48 Silicious rock; iron-stone pebbles.
49 Hornstone.
50 Quartz.
51 Quartz.
52 Trap rock.
53 Quartz.
54 Hornstone.
55 White rock.
56 White sandstone.
57 Sandstone.
58 Sandstone.
59 Silicious oxide of iron.
60 Gypsum.

It will be seen, by an inspection of the map, that there is a large interval of low depressed country, between Stanley’s and Grey’s Ranges. The rock formation on the latter being almost exclusively of one kind. Beyond Grey’s Range, no elevation in the interior, on the N.W. line traversed by the Expedition, was seen; but on the Stony Desert the fragments of rock, with which it was covered, were composed of indurated quartz, rounded by attrition, and coated with oxide of iron. North of the Stony Desert, sandstone occurred in the bed of Eyre’s Creek, and milky quartz cropped out of the ground, in lat. 25 degrees 35 minutes, and in long. 138 degrees 39 minutes. The valley of Cooper’s Creek was, however, bounded in by low quartzose hills, covered with sand. The general level of the interior was otherwise ferruginous clay, on which the long sandy doones or ridges rested, excepting where their regularity was broken by flooded plains. The clay rested on sandstone, which, with a few exceptions, where fossil tertiary limestone occurred, similar to that of the Murray cliffs, was ferruginous sandstone, at the depth of two feet and a half or three feet.

Last updated Sunday, March 27, 2016 at 12:00