The Complete Poetical Works, by Percy Bysshe Shelley


Verses Addressed to the Noble and Unfortunate Lady, Emilia v — Now Imprisoned in the Convent of —.

L’anima amante si slancia fuori del creato, e si crea nell’ infinito un

Mondo tutto per essa, diverso assai da questo oscuro e pauroso baratro.


[“Epipsychidion” was composed at Pisa, January, February, 1821, and published without the author’s name, in the following summer, by C. & J. Ollier, London. The poem was included by Mrs. Shelley in the “Poetical Works”, 1839, both editions. Amongst the Shelley manuscripts in the Bodleian is a first draft of “Epipsychidion”, ‘consisting of three versions, more or less complete, of the “Preface [Advertisement]”, a version in ink and pencil, much cancelled, of the last eighty lines of the poem, and some additional lines which did not appear in print’ (“Examination of the Shelley manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, by C.D. Locock”. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1903, page 3). This draft, the writing of which is ‘extraordinarily confused and illegible,’ has been carefully deciphered and printed by Mr. Locock in the volume named above. Our text follows that of the editio princeps, 1821.]

Table of Contents



Fragments Connected with Epipsychidion.


The Writer of the following lines died at Florence, as he was preparing for a voyage to one of the wildest of the Sporades, which he had bought, and where he had fitted up the ruins of an old building, and where it was his hope to have realised a scheme of life, suited perhaps to that happier and better world of which he is now an inhabitant, but hardly practicable in this. His life was singular; less on account of the romantic vicissitudes which diversified it, than the ideal tinge which it received from his own character and feelings. The present Poem, like the “Vita Nuova” of Dante, is sufficiently intelligible to a certain class of readers without a matter-of-fact history of the circumstances to which it relates and to a certain other class it must ever remain incomprehensible, from a defect of a common organ of perception for the ideas of which it treats. Not but that gran vergogna sarebbe a colui, che rimasse cosa sotto veste di figura, o di colore rettorico: e domandato non sapesse denudare le sue parole da cotal veste, in guisa che avessero verace intendimento.

The present poem appears to have been intended by the Writer as the dedication to some longer one. The stanza on the opposite page i.e. the nine lines which follow, beginning, ‘My Song, I fear,’ etc. — ED. is almost a literal translation from Dante’s famous Canzone

Voi, ch’ intendendo, il terzo ciel movete, etc.

The presumptuous application of the concluding lines to his own composition will raise a smile at the expense of my unfortunate friend: be it a smile not of contempt, but pity. S.

My Song, I fear that thou wilt find but few

Who fitly shalt conceive thy reasoning,

Of such hard matter dost thou entertain;

Whence, if by misadventure, chance should bring


Thee to base company (as chance may do),

Quite unaware of what thou dost contain,

I prithee, comfort thy sweet self again,

My last delight! tell them that they are dull,

And bid them own that thou art beautiful.


Sweet Spirit! Sister of that orphan one,

Whose empire is the name thou weepest on,

In my heart’s temple I suspend to thee

These votive wreaths of withered memory.


Poor captive bird! who, from thy narrow cage,

Pourest such music, that it might assuage

The rugged hearts of those who prisoned thee,

Were they not deaf to all sweet melody;

This song shall be thy rose: its petals pale


Are dead, indeed, my adored Nightingale!

But soft and fragrant is the faded blossom,

And it has no thorn left to wound thy bosom.

High, spirit-winged Heart! who dost for ever

Beat thine unfeeling bars with vain endeavour,


Till those bright plumes of thought, in which arrayed

It over-soared this low and worldly shade,

Lie shattered; and thy panting, wounded breast

Stains with dear blood its unmaternal nest!

I weep vain tears: blood would less bitter be,


Yet poured forth gladlier, could it profit thee.

Seraph of Heaven! too gentle to be human,

Veiling beneath that radiant form of Woman

All that is insupportable in thee

Of light, and love, and immortality!


Sweet Benediction in the eternal Curse!

Veiled Glory of this lampless Universe!

Thou Moon beyond the clouds! Thou living Form

Among the Dead! Thou Star above the Storm!

Thou Wonder, and thou Beauty, and thou Terror!


Thou Harmony of Nature’s art! Thou Mirror

In whom, as in the splendour of the Sun,

All shapes look glorious which thou gazest on!

Ay, even the dim words which obscure thee now

Flash, lightning-like, with unaccustomed glow;


I pray thee that thou blot from this sad song

All of its much mortality and wrong,

With those clear drops, which start like sacred dew

From the twin lights thy sweet soul darkens through,

Weeping, till sorrow becomes ecstasy:


Then smile on it, so that it may not die.

I never thought before my death to see

Youth’s vision thus made perfect. Emily,

I love thee; though the world by no thin name

Will hide that love from its unvalued shame.


Would we two had been twins of the same mother!

Or, that the name my heart lent to another

Could be a sister’s bond for her and thee,

Blending two beams of one eternity!

Yet were one lawful and the other true,


These names, though dear, could paint not, as is due.

How beyond refuge I am thine. Ah me!

I am not thine: I am a part of THEE.

Sweet Lamp! my moth-like Muse has burned its wings

Or, like a dying swan who soars and sings,


Young Love should teach Time, in his own gray style,

All that thou art. Art thou not void of guile,

A lovely soul formed to be blessed and bless?

A well of sealed and secret happiness,

Whose waters like blithe light and music are,


Vanquishing dissonance and gloom? A Star

Which moves not in the moving heavens, alone?

A Smile amid dark frowns? a gentle tone

Amid rude voices? a beloved light?

A Solitude, a Refuge, a Delight?


A Lute, which those whom Love has taught to play

Make music on, to soothe the roughest day

And lull fond Grief asleep? a buried treasure?

A cradle of young thoughts of wingless pleasure?

A violet-shrouded grave of Woe? — I measure


The world of fancies, seeking one like thee,

And find — alas! mine own infirmity.

She met me, Stranger, upon life’s rough way,

And lured me towards sweet Death; as Night by Day,

Winter by Spring, or Sorrow by swift Hope,


Led into light, life, peace. An antelope,

In the suspended impulse of its lightness,

Were less aethereally light: the brightness

Of her divinest presence trembles through

Her limbs, as underneath a cloud of dew


Embodied in the windless heaven of June

Amid the splendour-winged stars, the Moon

Burns, inextinguishably beautiful:

And from her lips, as from a hyacinth full

Of honey-dew, a liquid murmur drops,


Killing the sense with passion; sweet as stops

Of planetary music heard in trance.

In her mild lights the starry spirits dance,

The sunbeams of those wells which ever leap

Under the lightnings of the soul — too deep


For the brief fathom-line of thought or sense.

The glory of her being, issuing thence,

Stains the dead, blank, cold air with a warm shade

Of unentangled intermixture, made

By Love, of light and motion: one intense


Diffusion, one serene Omnipresence,

Whose flowing outlines mingle in their flowing,

Around her cheeks and utmost fingers glowing

With the unintermitted blood, which there

Quivers, (as in a fleece of snow-like air


The crimson pulse of living morning quiver,)

Continuously prolonged, and ending never,

Till they are lost, and in that Beauty furled

Which penetrates and clasps and fills the world;

Scarce visible from extreme loveliness.


Warm fragrance seems to fall from her light dress

And her loose hair; and where some heavy tress

The air of her own speed has disentwined,

The sweetness seems to satiate the faint wind;

And in the soul a wild odour is felt


Beyond the sense, like fiery dews that melt

Into the bosom of a frozen bud. —

See where she stands! a mortal shape indued

With love and life and light and deity,

And motion which may change but cannot die;


An image of some bright Eternity;

A shadow of some golden dream; a Splendour

Leaving the third sphere pilotless; a tender

Reflection of the eternal Moon of Love

Under whose motions life’s dull billows move;


A Metaphor of Spring and Youth and Morning;

A Vision like incarnate April, warning,

With smiles and tears, Frost the Anatomy

Into his summer grave.

Ah, woe is me!

What have I dared? where am I lifted? how


Shall I descend, and perish not? I know

That Love makes all things equal: I have heard

By mine own heart this joyous truth averred:

The spirit of the worm beneath the sod

In love and worship, blends itself with God.


Spouse! Sister! Angel! Pilot of the Fate

Whose course has been so starless! O too late

Beloved! O too soon adored, by me!

For in the fields of Immortality

My spirit should at first have worshipped thine,


A divine presence in a place divine;

Or should have moved beside it on this earth,

A shadow of that substance, from its birth;

But not as now:— I love thee; yes, I feel

That on the fountain of my heart a seal


Is set, to keep its waters pure and bright

For thee, since in those TEARS thou hast delight.

We — are we not formed, as notes of music are,

For one another, though dissimilar;

Such difference without discord, as can make


Those sweetest sounds, in which all spirits shake

As trembling leaves in a continuous air?

Thy wisdom speaks in me, and bids me dare

Beacon the rocks on which high hearts are wrecked.

I never was attached to that great sect,


Whose doctrine is, that each one should select

Out of the crowd a mistress or a friend,

And all the rest, though fair and wise, commend

To cold oblivion, though it is in the code

Of modern morals, and the beaten road


Which those poor slaves with weary footsteps tread,

Who travel to their home among the dead

By the broad highway of the world, and so

With one chained friend, perhaps a jealous foe,

The dreariest and the longest journey go.


True Love in this differs from gold and clay,

That to divide is not to take away.

Love is like understanding, that grows bright,

Gazing on many truths; ’tis like thy light,

Imagination! which from earth and sky,


And from the depths of human fantasy,

As from a thousand prisms and mirrors, fills

The Universe with glorious beams, and kills

Error, the worm, with many a sun-like arrow

Of its reverberated lightning. Narrow


The heart that loves, the brain that contemplates,

The life that wears, the spirit that creates

One object, and one form, and builds thereby

A sepulchre for its eternity.

Mind from its object differs most in this:


Evil from good; misery from happiness;

The baser from the nobler; the impure

And frail, from what is clear and must endure.

If you divide suffering and dross, you may

Diminish till it is consumed away;


If you divide pleasure and love and thought,

Each part exceeds the whole; and we know not

How much, while any yet remains unshared,

Of pleasure may be gained, of sorrow spared:

This truth is that deep well, whence sages draw


The unenvied light of hope; the eternal law

By which those live, to whom this world of life

Is as a garden ravaged, and whose strife

Tills for the promise of a later birth

The wilderness of this Elysian earth.


There was a Being whom my spirit oft

Met on its visioned wanderings, far aloft,

In the clear golden prime of my youth’s dawn,

Upon the fairy isles of sunny lawn,

Amid the enchanted mountains, and the caves


Of divine sleep, and on the air-like waves

Of wonder-level dream, whose tremulous floor

Paved her light steps; — on an imagined shore,

Under the gray beak of some promontory

She met me, robed in such exceeding glory,


That I beheld her not. In solitudes

Her voice came to me through the whispering woods,

And from the fountains, and the odours deep

Of flowers, which, like lips murmuring in their sleep

Of the sweet kisses which had lulled them there,


Breathed but of HER to the enamoured air;

And from the breezes whether low or loud,

And from the rain of every passing cloud,

And from the singing of the summer-birds,

And from all sounds, all silence. In the words


Of antique verse and high romance — in form,

Sound, colour — in whatever checks that Storm

Which with the shattered present chokes the past;

And in that best philosophy, whose taste

Makes this cold common hell, our life, a doom


As glorious as a fiery martyrdom;

Her Spirit was the harmony of truth. —

Then, from the caverns of my dreamy youth

I sprang, as one sandalled with plumes of fire,

And towards the lodestar of my one desire,


I flitted, like a dizzy moth, whose flight

Is as a dead leaf’s in the owlet light,

When it would seek in Hesper’s setting sphere

A radiant death, a fiery sepulchre,

As if it were a lamp of earthly flame. —


But She, whom prayers or tears then could not tame,

Passed, like a God throned on a winged planet,

Whose burning plumes to tenfold swiftness fan it,

Into the dreary cone of our life’s shade;

And as a man with mighty loss dismayed,


I would have followed, though the grave between

Yawned like a gulf whose spectres are unseen:

When a voice said:—‘O thou of hearts the weakest,

The phantom is beside thee whom thou seekest.’

Then I—‘Where?’— the world’s echo answered ‘where?’


And in that silence, and in my despair,

I questioned every tongueless wind that flew

Over my tower of mourning, if it knew

Whither ’twas fled, this soul out of my soul;

And murmured names and spells which have control


Over the sightless tyrants of our fate;

But neither prayer nor verse could dissipate

The night which closed on her; nor uncreate

That world within this Chaos, mine and me,

Of which she was the veiled Divinity,


The world I say of thoughts that worshipped her:

And therefore I went forth, with hope and fear

And every gentle passion sick to death,

Feeding my course with expectation’s breath,

Into the wintry forest of our life;


And struggling through its error with vain strife,

And stumbling in my weakness and my haste,

And half bewildered by new forms, I passed,

Seeking among those untaught foresters

If I could find one form resembling hers,


In which she might have masked herself from me.

There — One, whose voice was venomed melody

Sate by a well, under blue nightshade bowers:

The breath of her false mouth was like faint flowers,

Her touch was as electric poison — flame


Out of her looks into my vitals came,

And from her living cheeks and bosom flew

A killing air, which pierced like honey-dew

Into the core of my green heart, and lay

Upon its leaves; until, as hair grown gray


O’er a young brow, they hid its unblown prime

With ruins of unseasonable time.

In many mortal forms I rashly sought

The shadow of that idol of my thought.

And some were fair — but beauty dies away:


Others were wise — but honeyed words betray:

And One was true — oh! why not true to me?

Then, as a hunted deer that could not flee,

I turned upon my thoughts, and stood at bay,

Wounded and weak and panting; the cold day


Trembled, for pity of my strife and pain.

When, like a noonday dawn, there shone again

Deliverance. One stood on my path who seemed

As like the glorious shape which I had d reamed

As is the Moon, whose changes ever run


Into themselves, to the eternal Sun;

The cold chaste Moon, the Queen of Heaven’s bright isles,

Who makes all beautiful on which she smiles,

That wandering shrine of soft yet icy flame

Which ever is transformed, yet still the same,


And warms not but illumines. Young and fair

As the descended Spirit of that sphere,

She hid me, as the Moon may hide the night

From its own darkness, until all was bright

Between the Heaven and Earth of my calm mind,


And, as a cloud charioted by the wind,

She led me to a cave in that wild place,

And sate beside me, with her downward face

Illumining my slumbers, like the Moon

Waxing and waning o’er Endymion.


And I was laid asleep, spirit and limb,

And all my being became bright or dim

As the Moon’s image in a summer sea,

According as she smiled or frowned on me;

And there I lay, within a chaste cold bed:


Alas, I then was nor alive nor dead:—

For at her silver voice came Death and Life,

Unmindful each of their accustomed strife,

Masked like twin babes, a sister and a brother,

The wandering hopes of one abandoned mother,


And through the cavern without wings they flew,

And cried ‘Away, he is not of our crew.’

I wept, and though it be a dream, I weep.

What storms then shook the ocean of my sleep,

Blotting that Moon, whose pale and waning lips


Then shrank as in the sickness of eclipse; —

And how my soul was as a lampless sea,

And who was then its Tempest; and when She,

The Planet of that hour, was quenched, what frost

Crept o’er those waters, till from coast to coast


The moving billows of my being fell

Into a death of ice, immovable; —

And then — what earthquakes made it gape and split,

The white Moon smiling all the while on it,

These words conceal:— If not, each word would be


The key of staunchless tears. Weep not for me!

At length, into the obscure Forest came

The Vision I had sought through grief and shame.

Athwart that wintry wilderness of thorns

Flashed from her motion splendour like the Morn’s,


And from her presence life was radiated

Through the gray earth and branches bare and dead;

So that her way was paved, and roofed above

With flowers as soft as thoughts of budding love;

And music from her respiration spread


Like light — all other sounds were penetrated

By the small, still, sweet spirit of that sound,

So that the savage winds hung mute around;

And odours warm and fresh fell from her hair

Dissolving the dull cold in the frore air:


Soft as an Incarnation of the Sun,

When light is changed to love, this glorious One

Floated into the cavern where I lay,

And called my Spirit, and the dreaming clay

Was lifted by the thing that dreamed below


As smoke by fire, and in her beauty’s glow

I stood, and felt the dawn of my long night

Was penetrating me with living light:

I knew it was the Vision veiled from me

So many years — that it was Emily.


Twin Spheres of light who rule this passive Earth,

This world of loves, this ME; and into birth

Awaken all its fruits and flowers, and dart

Magnetic might into its central heart;

And lift its billows and its mists, and guide


By everlasting laws, each wind and tide

To its fit cloud, and its appointed cave;

And lull its storms, each in the craggy grave

Which was its cradle, luring to faint bowers

The armies of the rainbow-winged showers;


And, as those married lights, which from the towers

Of Heaven look forth and fold the wandering globe

In liquid sleep and splendour, as a robe;

And all their many-mingled influence blend,

If equal, yet unlike, to one sweet end; —


So ye, bright regents, with alternate sway

Govern my sphere of being, night and day!

Thou, not disdaining even a borrowed might;

Thou, not eclipsing a remoter light;

And, through the shadow of the seasons three,


From Spring to Autumn’s sere maturity,

Light it into the Winter of the tomb,

Where it may ripen to a brighter bloom.

Thou too, O Comet beautiful and fierce,

Who drew the heart of this frail Universe


Towards thine own; till, wrecked in that convulsion,

Alternating attraction and repulsion,

Thine went astray and that was rent in twain;

Oh, float into our azure heaven again!

Be there Love’s folding-star at thy return;


The living Sun will feed thee from its urn

Of golden fire; the Moon will veil her horn

In thy last smiles; adoring Even and Morn

Will worship thee with incense of calm breath

And lights and shadows; as the star of Death


And Birth is worshipped by those sisters wild

Called Hope and Fear — upon the heart are piled

Their offerings — of this sacrifice divine

A World shall be the altar.

Lady mine,

Scorn not these flowers of thought, the fading birth


Which from its heart of hearts that plant puts forth

Whose fruit, made perfect by thy sunny eyes,

Will be as of the trees of Paradise.

The day is come, and thou wilt fly with me.

To whatsoe’er of dull mortality


Is mine, remain a vestal sister still;

To the intense, the deep, the imperishable,

Not mine but me, henceforth be thou united

Even as a bride, delighting and delighted.

The hour is come:— the destined Star has risen


Which shall descend upon a vacant prison.

The walls are high, the gates are strong, thick set

The sentinels — but true Love never yet

Was thus constrained: it overleaps all fence:

Like lightning, with invisible violence


Piercing its continents; like Heaven’s free breath,

Which he who grasps can hold not; liker Death,

Who rides upon a thought, and makes his way

Through temple, tower, and palace, and the array

Of arms: more strength has Love than he or they;


For it can burst his charnel, and make free

The limbs in chains, the heart in agony,

The soul in dust and chaos.


A ship is floating in the harbour now,

A wind is hovering o’er the mountain’s brow;


There is a path on the sea’s azure floor,

No keel has ever ploughed that path before;

The halcyons brood around the foamless isles;

The treacherous Ocean has forsworn its wiles;

The merry mariners are bold and free:


Say, my heart’s sister, wilt thou sail with me?

Our bark is as an albatross, whose nest

Is a far Eden of the purple East;

And we between her wings will sit, while Night,

And Day, and Storm, and Calm, pursue their flight,


Our ministers, along the boundless Sea,

Treading each other’s heels, unheededly.

It is an isle under Ionian skies,

Beautiful as a wreck of Paradise,

And, for the harbours are not safe and good,


This land would have remained a solitude

But for some pastoral people native there,

Who from the Elysian, clear, and golden air

Draw the last spirit of the age of gold,

Simple and spirited; innocent and bold.


The blue Aegean girds this chosen home,

With ever-changing sound and light and foam,

Kissing the sifted sands, and caverns hoar;

And all the winds wandering along the shore

Undulate with the undulating tide:


There are thick woods where sylvan forms abide;

And many a fountain, rivulet, and pond,

As clear as elemental diamond,

Or serene morning air; and far beyond,

The mossy tracks made by the goats and deer


(Which the rough shepherd treads but once a year)

Pierce into glades, caverns, and bowers, and halls

Built round with ivy, which the waterfalls

Illumining, with sound that never fails

Accompany the noonday nightingales;


And all the place is peopled with sweet airs;

The light clear element which the isle wears

Is heavy with the scent of lemon-flowers,

Which floats like mist laden with unseen showers.

And falls upon the eyelids like faint sleep;


And from the moss violets and jonquils peep,

And dart their arrowy odour through the brain

Till you might faint with that delicious pain.

And every motion, odour, beam and tone,

With that deep music is in unison:


Which is a soul within the soul — they seem

Like echoes of an antenatal dream. —

It is an isle ‘twixt Heaven, Air, Earth, and Sea,

Cradled, and hung in clear tranquillity;

Bright as that wandering Eden Lucifer,


Washed by the soft blue Oceans of young air.

It is a favoured place. Famine or Blight,

Pestilence, War and Earthquake, never light

Upon its mountain-peaks; blind vultures, they

Sail onward far upon their fatal way:


The winged storms, chanting their thunder-psalm

To other lands, leave azure chasms of calm

Over this isle, or weep themselves in dew,

From which its fields and woods ever renew

Their green and golden immortality.


And from the sea there rise, and from the sky

There fall, clear exhalations, soft and bright.

Veil after veil, each hiding some delight,

Which Sun or Moon or zephyr draw aside,

Till the isle’s beauty, like a naked bride


Glowing at once with love and loveliness,

Blushes and trembles at its own excess:

Yet, like a buried lamp, a Soul no less

Burns in the heart of this delicious isle,

An atom of th’ Eternal, whose own smile


Unfolds itself, and may be felt, not seen

O’er the gray rocks, blue waves, and forests green,

Filling their bare and void interstices. —

But the chief marvel of the wilderness

Is a lone dwelling, built by whom or how


None of the rustic island-people know:

’Tis not a tower of strength, though with its height

It overtops the woods; but, for delight,

Some wise and tender Ocean-King, ere crime

Had been invented, in the world’s young prime,


Reared it, a wonder of that simple time,

An envy of the isles, a pleasure-house

Made sacred to his sister and his spouse.

It scarce seems now a wreck of human art,

But, as it were Titanic; in the heart


Of Earth having assumed its form, then grown

Out of the mountains, from the living stone,

Lifting itself in caverns light and high:

For all the antique and learned imagery

Has been erased, and in the place of it


The ivy and the wild-vine interknit

The volumes of their many-twining stems;

Parasite flowers illume with dewy gems

The lampless halls, and when they fade, the sky

Peeps through their winter-woof of tracery


With moonlight patches, or star atoms keen,

Or fragments of the day’s intense serene; —

Working mosaic on their Parian floors.

And, day and night, aloof, from the high towers

And terraces, the Earth and Ocean seem


To sleep in one another’s arms, and dream

Of waves, flowers, clouds, woods, rocks, and all that we

Read in their smiles, and call reality.

This isle and house are mine, and I have vowed

Thee to be lady of the solitude. —


And I have fitted up some chambers there

Looking towards the golden Eastern air,

And level with the living winds, which flow

Like waves above the living waves below. —

I have sent books and music there, and all


Those instruments with which high Spirits call

The future from its cradle, and the past

Out of its grave, and make the present last

In thoughts and joys which sleep, but cannot die,

Folded within their own eternity.


Our simple life wants little, and true taste

Hires not the pale drudge Luxury, to waste

The scene it would adorn, and therefore still,

Nature with all her children haunts the hill.

The ring-dove, in the embowering ivy, yet


Keeps up her love-lament, and the owls flit

Round the evening tower, and the young stars glance

Between the quick bats in their twilight dance;

The spotted deer bask in the fresh moonlight

Before our gate, and the slow, silent night


Is measured by the pants of their calm sleep.

Be this our home in life, and when years heap

Their withered hours, like leaves, on our decay,

Let us become the overhanging day,

The living soul of this Elysian isle,


Conscious, inseparable, one. Meanwhile

We two will rise, and sit, and walk together,

Under the roof of blue Ionian weather,

And wander in the meadows, or ascend

The mossy mountains, where the blue heavens bend


With lightest winds, to touch their paramour;

Or linger, where the pebble-paven shore,

Under the quick, faint kisses of the sea

Trembles and sparkles as with ecstasy —

Possessing and possessed by all that is


Within that calm circumference of bliss,

And by each other, till to love and live

Be one:— or, at the noontide hour, arrive

Where some old cavern hoar seems yet to keep

The moonlight of the expired night asleep,


Through which the awakened day can never peep;

A veil for our seclusion, close as night’s,

Where secure sleep may kill thine innocent lights:

Sleep, the fresh dew of languid love, the rain

Whose drops quench kisses till they burn again.


And we will talk, until thought’s melody

Become too sweet for utterance, and it die

In words, to live again in looks, which dart

With thrilling tone into the voiceless heart,

Harmonizing silence without a sound.


Our breath shall intermix, our bosoms bound,

And our veins beat together; and our lips

With other eloquence than words, eclipse

The soul that burns between them, and the wells

Which boil under our being’s inmost cells,


The fountains of our deepest life, shall be

Confused in Passion’s golden purity,

As mountain-springs under the morning sun.

We shall become the same, we shall be one

Spirit within two frames, oh! wherefore two?


One passion in twin-hearts, which grows and grew,

Till like two meteors of expanding flame,

Those spheres instinct with it become the same,

Touch, mingle, are transfigured; ever still

Burning, yet ever inconsumable:


In one another’s substance finding food,

Like flames too pure and light and unimbued

To nourish their bright lives with baser prey,

Which point to Heaven and cannot pass away:

One hope within two wills, one will beneath


Two overshadowing minds, one life, one death,

One Heaven, one Hell, one immortality,

And one annihilation. Woe is me!

The winged words on which my soul would pierce

Into the height of Love’s rare Universe,


Are chains of lead around its flight of fire —

I pant, I sink, I tremble, I expire!

. . .

Weak Verses, go, kneel at your Sovereign’s feet,

And say:—‘We are the masters of thy slave;

What wouldest thou with us and ours and thine?’


Then call your sisters from Oblivion’s cave,

All singing loud: ‘Love’s very pain is sweet,

But its reward is in the world divine

Which, if not here, it builds beyond the grave.’

So shall ye live when I am there. Then haste


Over the hearts of men, until ye meet

Marina, Vanna, Primus, and the rest,

And bid them love each other and be blessed:

And leave the troop which errs, and which reproves,

And come and be my guest — for I am Love’s.

_100 morning]morn may Rossetti cj.

_118 of]on edition 1839.

_405 it]he edition 1839.

_501 many-twining]many twining editio prin. 1821.

_504 winter-woof]inter-woof Rossetti cj.

Fragments Connected with Epipsychidion.

[Of the fragments of verse that follow, lines 1-37, 62-92 were printed by Mrs. Shelley in “Posthumous Works”, 1839, 2nd edition; lines 1-174 were printed or reprinted by Dr. Garnett in “Relics of Shelley”, 1862; and lines 175-186 were printed by Mr. C.D. Locock from the first draft of “Epipsychidion” amongst the Shelley manuscripts in the Bodleian Library. See “Examination, etc.”, 1903, pages 12, 13. The three early drafts of the “Preface (Advertisement)” were printed by Mr. Locock in the same volume, pages 4, 5.]

Three Early Drafts of the Preface.


Preface 1.

The following Poem was found amongst other papers in the Portfolio of a young Englishman with whom the Editor had contracted an intimacy at Florence, brief indeed, but sufficiently long to render the Catastrophe by which it terminated one of the most painful events of his life. —

The literary merit of the Poem in question may not be considerable; but worse verses are printed every day, &

He was an accomplished & amiable person but his error was, thuntos on un thunta phronein — his fate is an additional proof that ‘The tree of Knowledge is not that of Life.’— He had framed to himself certain opinions, founded no doubt upon the truth of things, but built up to a Babel height; they fell by their own weight, & the thoughts that were his architects, became unintelligible one to the other, as men upon whom confusion of tongues has fallen.

[These] verses seem to have been written as a sort of dedication of some work to have been presented to the person whom they address: but his papers afford no trace of such a work — The circumstances to which [they] the poem allude, may easily be understood by those to whom [the] spirit of the poem itself is [un]intelligible: a detail of facts, sufficiently romantic in [themselves but] their combinations

The melancholy [task] charge of consigning the body of my poor friend to the grave, was committed to me by his desolated family. I caused him to be buried in a spot selected by himself, & on the h

Preface 2.

[Epips] T. E. V. Epipsych

Lines addressed to

the Noble Lady

[Emilia] [E. V.]


[The following Poem was found in the PF. of a young Englishman, who died on his passage from Leghorn to the Levant. He had bought one of the Sporades] He was accompanied by a lady [who might have been] supposed to be his wife, & an effeminate looking youth, to whom he shewed an [attachment] so [singular] excessive an attachment as to give rise to the suspicion, that she was a woman — At his death this suspicion was confirmed; . . . object speedily found a refuge both from the taunts of the brute multitude, and from the . . . of her grief in the same grave that contained her lover. — He had bought one of the Sporades, & fitted up a Saracenic castle which accident had preserved in some repair with simple elegance, & it was his intention to dedicate the remainder of his life to undisturbed intercourse with his companions

These verses apparently were intended as a dedication of a longer poem or series of poems

Preface 3.

The writer of these lines died at Florence in [January 1820] while he was preparing * * for one wildest of the of the Sporades, where he bought & fitted up the ruins of some old building — His life was singular, less on account of the romantic vicissitudes which diversified it, than the ideal tinge which they received from his own character & feelings —

The verses were apparently intended by the writer to accompany some longer poem or collection of poems, of which there* [are no remnants in his] * * * remains [in his] portfolio. —

The editor is induced to

The present poem, like the vita Nova of Dante, is sufficiently intelligible to a certain class of readers without a matter of fact history of the circumstances to which it relate, & to a certain other class, it must & ought ever to remain incomprehensible — It was evidently intended to be prefixed to a longer poem or series of poems — but among his papers there are no traces of such a collection.

Passages of the Poem, or Connected Therewith.

Here, my dear friend, is a new book for you;

I have already dedicated two

To other friends, one female and one male —

What you are, is a thing that I must veil;


What can this be to those who praise or rail?

I never was attached to that great sect

Whose doctrine is that each one should select

Out of the world a mistress or a friend,

And all the rest, though fair and wise, commend


To cold oblivion — though ’tis in the code

Of modern morals, and the beaten road

Which those poor slaves with weary footsteps tread

Who travel to their home among the dead

By the broad highway of the world — and so


With one sad friend, and many a jealous foe,

The dreariest and the longest journey go.

Free love has this, different from gold and clay,

That to divide is not to take away.

Like ocean, which the general north wind breaks


Into ten thousand waves, and each one makes

A mirror of the moon — like some great glass,

Which did distort whatever form might pass,

Dashed into fragments by a playful child,

Which then reflects its eyes and forehead mild;


Giving for one, which it could ne’er express,

A thousand images of loveliness.

If I were one whom the loud world held wise,

I should disdain to quote authorities

In commendation of this kind of love:—


Why there is first the God in heaven above,

Who wrote a book called Nature, ’tis to be

Reviewed, I hear, in the next Quarterly;

And Socrates, the Jesus Christ of Greece,

And Jesus Christ Himself, did never cease


To urge all living things to love each other,

And to forgive their mutual faults, and smother

The Devil of disunion in their souls.

. . .

I love you! — Listen, O embodied Ray

Of the great Brightness; I must pass away


While you remain, and these light words must be

Tokens by which you may remember me.

Start not — the thing you are is unbetrayed,

If you are human, and if but the shade

Of some sublimer spirit . . .

. . .


And as to friend or mistress, ’tis a form;

Perhaps I wish you were one. Some declare

You a familiar spirit, as you are;

Others with a . . . more inhuman

Hint that, though not my wife, you are a woman;


What is the colour of your eyes and hair?

Why, if you were a lady, it were fair

The world should know — but, as I am afraid,

The Quarterly would bait you if betrayed;

And if, as it will be sport to see them stumble


Over all sorts of scandals. hear them mumble

Their litany of curses — some guess right,

And others swear you’re a Hermaphrodite;

Like that sweet marble monster of both sexes,

Which looks so sweet and gentle that it vexes


The very soul that the soul is gone

Which lifted from her limbs the veil of stone.

. . .

It is a sweet thing, friendship, a dear balm,

A happy and auspicious bird of calm,

Which rides o’er life’s ever tumultuous Ocean;


A God that broods o’er chaos in commotion;

A flower which fresh as Lapland roses are,

Lifts its bold head into the world’s frore air,

And blooms most radiantly when others die,

Health, hope, and youth, and brief prosperity;


And with the light and odour of its bloom,

Shining within the dun eon and the tomb;

Whose coming is as light and music are

‘Mid dissonance and gloom — a star

Which moves not ‘mid the moving heavens alone —


A smile among dark frowns — a gentle tone

Among rude voices, a beloved light,

A solitude, a refuge, a delight.

If I had but a friend! Why, I have three

Even by my own confession; there may be


Some more, for what I know, for ’tis my mind

To call my friends all who are wise and kind,-

And these, Heaven knows, at best are very few;

But none can ever be more dear than you.

Why should they be? My muse has lost her wings,


Or like a dying swan who soars and sings,

I should describe you in heroic style,

But as it is, are you not void of guile?

A lovely soul, formed to be blessed and bless:

A well of sealed and secret happiness;


A lute which those whom Love has taught to play

Make music on to cheer the roughest day,

And enchant sadness till it sleeps? . . .

. . .

To the oblivion whither I and thou,

All loving and all lovely, hasten now


With steps, ah, too unequal! may we meet

In one Elysium or one winding-sheet!

If any should be curious to discover

Whether to you I am a friend or lover,

Let them read Shakespeare’s sonnets, taking thence


A whetstone for their dull intelligence

That tears and will not cut, or let them guess

How Diotima, the wise prophetess,

Instructed the instructor, and why he

Rebuked the infant spirit of melody


On Agathon’s sweet lips, which as he spoke

Was as the lovely star when morn has broke

The roof of darkness, in the golden dawn,

Half-hidden, and yet beautiful.

I’ll pawn

My hopes of Heaven-you know what they are worth —


That the presumptuous pedagogues of Earth,

If they could tell the riddle offered here

Would scorn to be, or being to appear

What now they seem and are — but let them chide,

They have few pleasures in the world beside;


Perhaps we should be dull were we not chidden,

Paradise fruits are sweetest when forbidden.

Folly can season Wisdom, Hatred Love.

. . .

Farewell, if it can be to say farewell

To those who

. . .


I will not, as most dedicators do,

Assure myself and all the world and you,

That you are faultless — would to God they were

Who taunt me with your love! I then should wear

These heavy chains of life with a light spirit,


And would to God I were, or even as near it

As you, dear heart. Alas! what are we? Clouds

Driven by the wind in warring multitudes,

Which rain into the bosom of the earth,

And rise again, and in our death and birth,


And through our restless life, take as from heaven

Hues which are not our own, but which are given,

And then withdrawn, and with inconstant glance

Flash from the spirit to the countenance.

There is a Power, a Love, a Joy, a God


Which makes in mortal hearts its brief abode,

A Pythian exhalation, which inspires

Love, only love — a wind which o’er the wires

Of the soul’s giant harp

There is a mood which language faints beneath;


You feel it striding, as Almighty Death

His bloodless steed . . .

. . .

And what is that most brief and bright delight

Which rushes through the touch and through the sight,

And stands before the spirit’s inmost throne,


A naked Seraph? None hath ever known.

Its birth is darkness, and its growth desire;

Untameable and fleet and fierce as fire,

Not to be touched but to be felt alone,

It fills the world with glory-and is gone.

. . .


It floats with rainbow pinions o’er the stream

Of life, which flows, like a . . . dream

Into the light of morning, to the grave

As to an ocean . . .

. . .

What is that joy which serene infancy


Perceives not, as the hours content them by,

Each in a chain of blossoms, yet enjoys

The shapes of this new world, in giant toys

Wrought by the busy . . . ever new?

Remembrance borrows Fancy’s glass, to show


These forms more . . . sincere

Than now they are, than then, perhaps, they were.

When everything familiar seemed to be

Wonderful, and the immortality

Of this great world, which all things must inherit,


Was felt as one with the awakening spirit,

Unconscious of itself, and of the strange

Distinctions which in its proceeding change

It feels and knows, and mourns as if each were

A desolation . . .

. . .


Were it not a sweet refuge, Emily,

For all those exiles from the dull insane

Who vex this pleasant world with pride and pain,

For all that band of sister-spirits known

To one another by a voiceless tone?

. . .


If day should part us night will mend division

And if sleep parts us — we will meet in vision

And if life parts us — we will mix in death

Yielding our mite [?] of unreluctant breath

Death cannot part us — we must meet again


In all in nothing in delight in pain:

How, why or when or where — it matters not

So that we share an undivided lot . . .

. . .

And we will move possessing and possessed

Wherever beauty on the earth’s bare [?] breast


Lies like the shadow of thy soul — till we

Become one being with the world we see . . .

_52-_53 afraid The cj. A.C. Bradley.

_54 And as cj. Rossetti, A.C. Bradley.

_61 stone . . . cj. A.C. Bradley.

_155 them]trip or troop cj. A.C. Bradley.

_157 in]as cj. A.C. Bradley.

Last updated Sunday, March 27, 2016 at 12:00