Authors listed chronologically

The Hellenistic Period, 323–146 BCE

Aristotle (384–322 BC)
Physics (or Physica); On the Heavens (or De Caelo); On Generation and Corruption (or De Generatione et Corruptione); Meteorology (or Meteorologica); On the Soul (or De Anima); Parva Naturalia (or Little Physical Treatises):; On sense and the sensible (or De Sensu et Sensibilibus); On memory and reminiscence (or De Memoria et Reminiscentia); On sleep and sleeplessness (or De Somno et Vigilia); On Dreams (or De Insomniis); On prophesying by dreams (or De Divinatione per Somnum); On longevity and shortness of life (or De Longitudine et Brevitate Vitae); On Youth, Old Age, Life and Death, and Respiration (or De Juventute et Senectute, De Vita et Morte, De Respiratione); The History of Animals (or Historia Animalium, or Description of Animals); On the parts of Animals (or De Partibus Animalium); On the motion of animals (or De Motu Animalium); On the Gait of Animals (or De Incessu Animalium); On the Generation of Animals (or De Generatione Animalium)

Euclid, ca.300 BCE
The Thirteen Books of Euclid's Elements

Archimedes, ca.287–212 BCE
On the Sphere and Cylinder; Measurement of a Circle; On Conoids and Spheroids; On Spirals; On the Equilibrium of Planes; The Sand-Reckoner; The Quadrature of the Parabola; On Floating Bodies; Book of Lemmas; The Method Treating of Mechanical Problems

Apollonius of Perga, ca. 262 BC–ca. 190 BC
On Conic Sections

The Classical Age

Nicomachus of Gerasa, c. 60–c. 120
Introduction to Arithmetic

Ptolemy, c.90–c.168
The Almagest

Lucretius (98?–55 BC)
On the nature of things

Galen, 131–201
On the Natural Faculties

The "Dark" Age


Bacon, Roger, 1214?–1294
Friar Bacon His Discovery of the Miracles of Art, Nature, and Magick

Nicolaus Copernicus, 1473–1543
On the Revolutions of Heavenly Spheres

Andreas Vesalius, 1514-1564
On the fabric of the human body

Robert Hooke, 1635-1703

William Gilbert, 1540–1603
On the Loadstone and Magnetic Bodies

Galileo Galilei, 1564–1642
Dialogues Concerning the Two New Sciences

Johannes Kepler, 1571–1630
Epitome of Copernican Astronomy (Books IV – V); The Harmonies of the World (Book V)

William Harvey, 1578–1657
On the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals; On the Circulation of Blood; On the Generation of Animals

Francis Bacon, 1561–1626
Advancement of Learning; Novum Organum; New Atlantis

The Age of Enlightenment

René Descartes, 1596–1650
Rules for the Direction of the Mind [1628]; Discourse on the Method [1637]; Meditations on First Philosophy [1641]; Objections Against the Meditations and Replies; The Geometry [1637]

Blaise Pascal, 1623–1662
Scientific and mathematical essays

Isaac Newton, 1642–1727
Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy; Optics

Christiaan Huygens, 1629–1693
Treatise on Light

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, 1646–1716

George Berkeley, 1685–1753
An Essay towards a new theory of Vision [1709, 1732]; The Analyst: a Discourse addressed to an Infidel Mathematician [1734]; A Defence of Free-Thinking in Mathematics [1735]

Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, 1743–1794
Elements of Chemistry

Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier, 1768–1830
Analytical Theory of Heat

Michael Faraday, 1797–1867
Experimental Researches in Electricity

Jean–Baptiste Lamarck, 1744–1829
Philosophie zoologique

Edward Jenner, 1749–1823
On Vaccination Against Smallpox

Thomas Malthus, 1766–1834
An essay on the principle of population

Alexander von Humboldt, 1769–1859
Travels to the Equinoctial Regions of America

Joseph Lister, 1827–1912
On the Antiseptic Principle of the Practice of Surgery

Louis Pasteur, 1822–1895
The germ theory and its applications to medicine and surgery

John Tyndall, 1820–1893
Six Lectures on Light [1873]

Thomas Henry Huxley, 1825–1895

James Clerk Maxwell, 1831-1879
A treatise on electricity and magnetism [1873]

Edwin A. Abbott, 1838–1926

The Age of Uncertainty

Charles Lyell, 1797–1875
Principles of Geology; The Geological Evidence of the Antiquity of Man; Elements of Geology

Charles Darwin, 1809–1882
The Voyage of the Beagle; The Origin of Species; The Descent of Man

Alfred Russel Wallace, 1823–1913
Contributions to the Theory of Natural Selection

William James, 1842–1910
Principles of Psychology

William Henry Bragg, 1862-1942
Studies in Radioactivity

See also:
image Fathers of Biology / Charles McRae [1890]

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