American illustrator and author, primarily of books for young people. A native of Wilmington, Delaware, he spent the last year of his life in Florence, Italy.
During 1894 he began teaching illustration at the Drexel Institute of Art, Science and Industry (now Drexel University), and after 1900 he founded his own school of art and illustration named the Howard Pyle School of Illustration Art. The term Brandywine School was later applied to the illustration artists and Wyeth family artists of the Brandywine region by Pitz. Some of his more famous students were N. C. Wyeth, Frank Schoonover, Elenore Abbott, Ethel Franklin Betts, Anna Whelan Betts, Harvey Dunn, Clyde O. DeLand, Philip R. Goodwin, Violet Oakley, Ellen Bernard Thompson Pyle, Olive Rush, Allen Tupper True, and Jessie Willcox Smith.
His 1883 classic publication The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood remains in print, and his other books, frequently with medieval European settings, include a four-volume set on King Arthur. He is also well known for his illustrations of pirates, and is credited with creating the now stereotypical modern image of pirate dress.
He published an original novel, Otto of the Silver Hand, in 1888. He also illustrated historical and adventure stories for periodicals such as Harper's Weekly and St. Nicholas Magazine. His novel Men of Iron was made into a movie in 1954, The Black Shield of Falworth.
Pyle traveled to Florence, Italy to study mural painting during 1910, and died there in 1911 of a sudden kidney infection (Bright's Disease).
- The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood / Howard Pyle
- Howard Pyle's Book of Pirates / Howard Pyle
- Howard Pyle's Book of Pirates; fiction, fact and fancy concerning the buccaneers and marooners of the Spanish main / Howard Pyle
- Men of Iron / Howard Pyle
- Otto of the Silver Hand / Howard Pyle
- Pepper and Salt; or, Seasoning for Young Folk / Howard Pyle
- The Rose of Paradise: Being a detailed account of certain adventures that happened to captain John Mackra, in connection with the famous pirate, Edward England, in the year 1720, off the Island of Juanna in the Mozambique Channel; writ by himself, and now for the first time published / Howard Pyle
- The Ruby of Kishmoor / Howard Pyle
- In tenebras. In Shapes that Haunt the Dusk edited by William Dean Howells and Henry Mills Alden
- Stolen Treasure / Howard Pyle
- The Story of Sir Launcelot and His Companions / Howard Pyle
- The Story of the Champions of the Round Table / Howard Pyle
- Twilight Land / Howard Pyle
- Chivalry / James Branch Cabell; illustrated by Elizabeth Shippen Green Elliott; illustrated by William Hurd Lawrence; illustrated by Howard Pyle
- Dulcibel: A Tale of Old Salem / Henry Peterson; illustrated by Howard Pyle
- Grandmother's Story of Bunker Hill Battle: as She Saw it from the Belfry / Oliver Wendell Holmes; illustrated by Howard Pyle
- The One Hoss Shay: With its Companion Poems How the Old Horse Won the Bet & The Broomstick Train / Oliver Wendell Holmes; illustrated by Howard Pyle