What is Property? An Inquiry into the Principle of Right and of Government, by Pierre Joseph Proudhon

Table of Contents

P. J. Proudhon: His Life and His Works.


What is Property? Or, an Inquiry into the Principle of Right and of Government.

First Memoir.

Chapter 1

Method pursued in this work. — The idea of a Revolution.

Chapter 2..

Property considered as a Natural Right. — Occupation and Civil Law as efficient bases of Property. Definitions.
  1. Property as a Natural Right.
  2. Occupation, as the Title to Property.
  3. Civil Law as the Foundation and Sanction of Property.

Chapter 3

Labor as the efficient cause of the Domain of Property.
  1. The Land cannot be Appropriated.
  2. Universal Consent no Justification of Property.
  3. Prescription gives no Title to Property.
  4. Labor — That Labor has no Inherent Power to appropriate Natural Wealth.
  5. That Labor leads to Equality of Property.
  6. That in Society all Wages are Equal.
  7. That Inequality of Powers is the Necessary Condition of Equality of Fortunes.
  8. That, from the Stand-point of Justice, Labor destroys Property.

Chapter 4

That Property is impossible.

Chapter 5.

Psychological exposition of the idea of Justice and Injustice, and a determination of the Principle of Government and of Right.
Part First.
  1. Of the Moral Sense in Man and the Animals.
  2. Of the first and second degrees of Sociability.
  3. Of the third degree of Sociability.
Part Second.
  1. Of the Causes of our Mistakes. The Origin of Property.
  2. Characteristics of Communism and of Property.
  3. Determination of the third form of Society. Conclusion.

What is Property? Second Memoir

A Letter to M. Blanqui. Paris, April 1, 1841.


Last updated Sunday, March 27, 2016 at 11:59