The History of the Conquest of Peru, by William Hickling Prescott

Table of Contents


Book I

  1. Physical Aspect Of The Country. — Sources Of Peruvian Civilization. — Empire Of The Incas. — Royal Family. — Nobility.
  2. Orders Of The State. — Provisions For Justice. — Division Of Lands. — Revenues And Registers. — Great Roads And Posts. — Military Tactics And Policy.
  3. Peruvian Religion. — Deities. — Gorgeous Temples. — Festivals. — Virgins Of The Sun. — Marriage.
  4. Education. — Quipus. — Astronomy. — Agriculture. — Aqueducts. — Guano. — Important Esculents.
  5. Peruvian Sheep. — Great Hunts. — Manufactures. — Mechanical Skill. — Architecture. — Concluding Reflections.

Book II: Discovery Of Peru

  1. Ancient And Modern Science. — Art Of Navigation. — Maritime Discovery. — Spirit Of The Spaniards. — Possessions In The New World. — Rumors Concerning Peru.
  2. Francisco Pizarro. — His Early History. — First Expedition To The South. — Distresses Of The Voyagers. — Sharp Encounters. — Return To Panama. — Almagro’s Expedition.
  3. The Famous Contract. — Second Expedition. — Ruiz Explores The Coast. — Pizarro’s Sufferings In The Forests. — Arrival Of New Recruits. — Fresh Discoveries And Disasters. — Pizarro On The Isle Of Gallo.
  4. Indignation Of The Governor. — Stern Resolution Of Pizarro. — Prosecution Of The Voyage. — Brilliant Aspect Of Tumbez. — Discoveries Along The Coast. — Return To Panama. — Pizarro Embarks For Spain.

Book III: Conquest Of Peru

  1. Pizarro’s Reception At Court. — His Capitulation With The Crown. — He Visits His Birthplace. — Returns To The New World. — Difficulties With Almagro. — His Third Expedition. — Adventures On The Coast. — Battles In The Isle Of Puna.
  2. Peru At The Time Of The Conquest. — Reign Of Huayna Capac. — The Inca Brothers. — Contest For The Empire. — Triumph And Cruelties Of Atahuallpa.
  3. The Spaniards Land At Tumbez. — Pizarro Reconnoitres The Country. — Foundation Of San Miguel. — March Into The Interior. — Embassy From The Inca. — Adventures On The March — Reach The Foot Of The Andes.
  4. Severe Passage Of The Andes. — Embassies From Atahuallpa. — The Spaniards Reach Caxamalca. — Embassy To The Inca. — Interview With The Inca. — Despondency Of The Spaniards
  5. Desperate Plan Of Pizarro. — Atahuallpa Visits The Spaniards. — Horrible Massacre. — The Inca A Prisoner. — Conduct Of The Conquerors. — Splendid Promises Of The Inca — Death Of Huascar.
  6. Gold Arrives For The Ransom. — Visit To Pachacamac. — Demolition Of The Idol. — The Inca’s Favorite General. — The Inca’s Life In Confinement. — Envoy’s Conduct In Cuzco. — Arrival Of Almagro.
  7. Immense Amount Of Treasure. — Its Division Among The Troops — Rumors Of A Rising. — Trial Of The Inca. — His Execution — Reflections.
  8. Disorders In Peru. — March To Cuzco. — Encounter With The Natives. — Challcuchima Burnt. — Arrival In Cuzco. — Description Of The City. — Treasure Found There.
  9. New Inca Crowned. — Municipal Regulations. — Terrible March Of Alvarado. — Interview With Pizarro. — Foundation Of Lima. — Hernando Pizarro Reaches Spain. — Sensation At Court. — Feuds Of Almagro And The Pizarros.
  10. Escape Of The Inca. — Return Of Hernando Pizarro. — Rising Of The Peruvians. — Siege And Burning Of Cuzco. — Distresses Of The Spaniards. — Storming Of The Fortress. — Pizarro’s Dismay. — The Inca Raises The Siege.

Book IV: Civil Wars Of The Conquerors

  1. Almagro’s March To Chili. — Suffering Of The Troops. — He Returns And Seizes Cuzco. — Action Of Abancay. — Gaspar De Espinosa. — Almagro Leaves Cuzco. — Negotiations With Pizarro.
  2. First Civil War. — Almagro Retreats To Cuzco. — Battle Of Las Salinas. — Cruelty Of The Conquerors. — Trial And Execution Of Almagro. — His Character.
  3. Pizarro Revisits Cuzco. — Hernando Returns To Castile. — His long Imprisonment. — Commissioner Sent To Peru. — Hostilities With The Inca. — Pizarro’s Active Administration. — Gonzalo Pizarro.
  4. Gonzalo Pizarro’s Expedition. — Passage Across The Mountains. — Discovers The Napo. — Incredible Sufferings. — Orellana Sails Down The Amazon. — Despair Of The Spaniards. — The Survivors Return To Quito.
  5. The Almagro Faction. — Their Desperate Condition. — Conspiracy Against Francisco Pizarro. — Assassination Of Pizarro. — Acts Of The Conspirators. — Pizarro’s Character
  6. Movements Of The Conspirators. — Advance Of Vaca De Castro — Proceedings Of Almagro. — Progress Of The Governor. — The Forces Approach Each Other. — Bloody Plains Of Chupas. — Conduct Of Vaca De Castro.
  7. Abuses By The Conquerors. — Code For The Colonies. — Great Excitement In Peru. — Blasco Nunez The Viceroy. — His Severe Policy. — Opposed By Gonzalo Pizarro.
  8. The Viceroy Arrives At Lima. — Gonzalo Pizarro Marches From Cuzco. — Death Of The Inca Manco. — Rash Conduct Of The Viceroy. — Seized And Deposed By The Audience. — Gonzalo Proclaimed Governor Of Peru.
  9. Measures Of Gonzalo Pizarro. — Escape Of Vaca De Castro. Reappearance Of The Viceroy. — His Disastrous Retreat. — Defeat And Death Of The Viceroy. — Gonzalo Pizarro Lord Of Peru.

Book V: Settlement Of The Country

  1. Great Sensation In Spain. — Pedro De La Gasca. — His Early Life. — His Mission To Peru. — His Politic Conduct. — His Offers To Pizarro. — Gains The Fleet.
  2. Gasca Assembles His Forces. — Defection Of Pizarro’s Followers. — He Musters His Levies. — Agitation In Lima. — He Abandons The City. — Gasca Sails From Panama. — Bloody Battle Of Huarina.
  3. Dismay In Gasca’s Camp. — His Winter Quarters. — Resumes His March. — Crosses The Apurimac. — Pizarro’s Conduct In Cuzco. — He Encamps Near The City. — Rout Of Xaquixa Guana.
  4. Dismay In Gasca’s Camp. — His Winter Quarters. — Resumes His March. — Crosses The Apurimac. — Pizarro’s Conduct In Cuzco. — He Encamps Near The City. — Rout Of Xaquixa Guana.
  5. Execution Of Carbajal. — Gonzalo Pizarro Beheaded. — Spoils Of Victory. — Wise Reforms By Gasca. — He Returns To Spain. — His Death And Character.


  1. Description Of The Royal Progresses Of The Incas; Extracted From Sarmiento’s Relacion, Ms.
  2. Account Of The Great Road Made By The Incas Over The Plateau, From Quito To Cuzco; Extracted From Sarmiento’s Relacion, Ms.
  3. Policy Observed By The Incas In Their Conquests; Taken From Sarmiento’s Relacion, Ms
  4. Extract From The Last Will And Testament Of Mancio Sierra Lejesema, Ms.
  5. Translation From Oviedo’s Historia General De Las Indias, Ms Parte II., Cap. 23.
  6. Contract Between Pizarro, Almagro, And Luque; Extracted From Montesinos, Annales, Ms., Ano 1526.
  7. Capitulation Made By Francis Pizarro With The Queen, Ms. Dated Toledo, July 26, 1529.
  8. Contemporary Accounts Of Atahuallpa’s Seizure.
  9. Account Of The Personal Habits Of Atahuallpa; Extracted From The Ms. Of Pedro Pizarro.
  10. Contemporary Accounts Of The Execution Of Atahuallpa.
  11. Contract Between Pizarro And Almagro, Ms.; Dated At Cuzco June 12, 1535.
  12. Letter From The Younger Almagro To The Royal Audience Of Panama, Ms.; Dated At Los Reyes [Lima], July 14, 1541.
  13. Letter From The Municipality Of Arequipa To The Emperor Charles The Fifth, Ms.; Dated At San Juan De La Frontera, Sept. 24, 1542.
  14. Process Containing The Sentence Of Death Passed On Gonzalo Pizarro, At Xaquixaguana, April 9, 1548.

“Congestae cumulantur opes, orbisque rapinas Accipit.”

Claudian, In Ruf., lib. i., v. 194.

“So color de religion

Van a buscar plata y oro

Del encubierto tesoro.”

Lope De Vega, El Nuevo Mundo, Jorn. 1.

Last updated Sunday, March 27, 2016 at 11:59