The Rape of the Lock, by Alexander Pope

Canto II.

Not with more glories, in the ethereal plain,

The sun first rises o’er the purpled main,

Than, issuing forth, the rival of his beams

Launched on the bosom of the silver Thames.

Fair nymphs and well-dress’d youths around her shone,

But every eye was fix’d on her alone.

On her white breast a sparkling cross she wore,

Which Jews might kiss, and infidels adore.

Her lively looks a sprightly mind disclose,

Quick as her eyes, and as unfix’d as those:

Favours to none, to all she smiles extends;

Oft she rejects, but never once offends.

Bright as the sun, her eyes the gazers strike,

And, like the sun, they shine on all alike.

Yet graceful ease, and sweetness void of pride

Might hide her faults, if belles had faults to hide:

If to her share some female errors fall,

Look on her face, and you’ll forget ’em all.

This nymph, to the destruction of mankind,

Nourish’d two locks, which graceful hung behind

In equal curls, and well conspired to deck

With shining ringlets the smooth ivory neck.

Love in these labyrinths his slaves detains,

And mighty hearts are held in slender chains.

With hairy springes we the birds betray,

Slight lines of hair surprise the finny prey,

Fair tresses man’s imperial race ensnare,

And beauty draws us with a single hair.

The adventurous Baron30 the bright locks admired;

He saw, he wished, and to the prize aspired.

Resolved to win, he meditates the way,

By force to ravish, or by fraud betray;

For when success a lover’s toil attends,

Few ask if fraud or force attain’d his ends.

For this, ere Phoebus rose, he had implored

Propitious Heaven, and every power adored,

But chiefly Love — to Love an altar built,

Of twelve vast French romances, neatly gilt.

There lay three garters, half a pair of gloves;

And all the trophies of his former loves;

With tender billet-doux he lights the pyre,

And breathes three amorous sighs to raise the fire.

Then prostrate falls, and begs with ardent eyes

Soon to obtain, and long possess the prize:

The powers gave ear, and granted half his prayer,

The rest, the winds dispersed in empty air.

The Baron's Prayer
The Baron's Prayer

But now secure the painted vessel glides,

The sunbeams trembling on the floating tides:

While melting music steals upon the sky,

And soften’d sounds along the waters die;

Smooth flow the waves, the zephyrs gently play,

Belinda smiled, and all the world was gay.

All but the Sylph — with careful thoughts oppress’d,

The impending woe sat heavy on his breast.

He summons straight his denizens of air;

The lucid squadrons round the sails repair;

Soft o’er the shrouds aërial whispers breathe,

That seem’d but zephyrs to the train beneath.

Some to the sun their insect-wings unfold,

Waft on the breeze, or sink in clouds of gold;

Transparent forms, too fine for mortal sight,

Their fluid bodies half dissolved in light.

Loose to the wind their airy garments flew,

Thin glittering textures of the filmy dew,

Dipp’d in the richest tincture of the skies,

Where light disports in ever-mingling dyes;

While every beam new transient colours flings,

Colours that change whene’er they wave their wings.

Amid the circle, on the gilded mast,

Superior by the head, was Ariel placed;

His purple pinions opening to the sun,

He raised his azure wand, and thus begun:

‘Ye Sylphs and Sylphids, to your chief give ear,

Fays, fairies, genii, elves, and demons hear!

Ye know the spheres, and various tasks assign’d

By laws eternal to the aërial kind.

Some in the fields of purest ether play,

And bask and whiten in the blaze of day:

Some guide the course of wandering orbs on high,

Or roll the planets through the boundless sky:

Some, less refined, beneath the moon’s pale light

Pursue the stars that shoot athwart the night,

Or suck the mists in grosser air below,

Or dip their pinions in the painted bow,

Or brew fierce tempests on the wintry main,

Or o’er the glebe distil the kindly rain.

Others on earth o’er human race preside,

Watch all their ways, and all their actions guide:

Of these the chief the care of nations own,

And guard with arms divine the British throne.31

‘Our humbler province is to tend the fair,

Not a less pleasing, though less glorious care;

To save the powder from too rude a gale,

Nor let the imprison’d essences exhale;

To draw fresh colours from the vernal flowers;

To steal from rainbows, ere they drop in showers,

A brighter wash; to curl their waving hairs,

Assist their blushes, and inspire their airs;

Nay, oft, in dreams, invention we bestow,

To change a flounce, or add a furbelow.

‘This day, black omens threat the brightest fair

That e’er deserved a watchful spirit’s care;

Some dire disaster, or by force, or flight;

But what, or where, the Fates have wrapt in night.

Whether the nymph shall break Diana’s law,

Or some frail China jar receive a flaw;

Or stain her honour, or her new brocade;

Forget her prayers, or miss a masquerade;

Or lose her heart, or necklace, at a ball;

Or whether Heaven has doom’d that Shock must fall,

Haste then, ye spirits! to your charge repair:

The fluttering fan be Zephyretta’s care;

The drops to thee, Brillante, we consign;

And, Momentilla, let the watch be thine;

Do thou, Crispissa, tend her favourite lock;

Ariel himself shall be the guard of Shock.

‘To fifty chosen Sylphs, of special note,

We trust the important charge, the petticoat:

Oft have we known that sevenfold fence to fail,

Though stiff with hoops, and arm’d with ribs of whale;

Form a strong line about the silver bound,

And guard the wide circumference around.

‘Whatever spirit, careless of his charge,

His post neglects, or leaves the fair at large,

Shall feel sharp vengeance soon o’ertake his sins,

Be stopp’d in vials, or transfix’d with pins;

Or plunged in lakes of bitter washes lie,

Or wedged whole ages in a bodkin’s eye:

Gums and pomatums shall his flight restrain,

While, clogg’d, he beats his silken wings in vain;

Or alum styptics with contracting power

Shrink his thin essence like a rivell’d flower:

Or, as Ixion fix’d, the wretch shall feel

The giddy motion of the whirling mill,

In fumes of burning chocolate shall glow,

And tremble at the sea that froths below!’

He spoke; the spirits from the sails descend;

Some, orb in orb, around the nymph extend;

Some thread the mazy ringlets of her hair;

Some hang upon the pendants of her ear;

With beating hearts the dire event they wait,

Anxious, and trembling for the birth of Fate.


VER. 4. From hence the poem continues, in the first edition, to ver. 46:—

The rest the winds dispersed in empty air;

all after, to the end of this canto, being additional.

30 ‘Baron:’ Lord Petre.

31 Burns had this evidently in his eye when he wrote the lines ‘Some hint the lover’s harmless wile,’ &c., in his ‘Vision.’

Last updated Sunday, March 27, 2016 at 11:59