The Rape of the Lock, by Alexander Pope

Canto I.

What dire offence from amorous causes springs,

What mighty contests rise from trivial things,

I sing — This verse to Caryll,28 Muse! is due:

This, even Belinda may vouchsafe to view:

Slight is the subject, but not so the praise,

If she inspire, and he approve my lays.

Say what strange motive, Goddess! could compel

A well-bred lord t’assault a gentle belle?

Oh, say what stranger cause, yet unexplored,

Could make a gentle belle reject a lord?

In tasks so bold, can little men engage,

And in soft bosoms dwells such mighty rage?

Sol through white curtains shot a timorous ray,

And oped those eyes that must eclipse the day:

Now lap-dogs give themselves the rousing shake,

And sleepless lovers, just at twelve, awake:

Thrice rung the bell, the slipper knock’d the ground,

And the press’d watch return’d a silver sound.

Belinda still her downy pillow press’d,

Her guardian Sylph29 prolong’d the balmy rest:

’Twas he had summon’d to her silent bed

The morning-dream that hover’d o’er her head,

A youth more glittering than a birth-night beau,

(That even in slumber caused her cheek to glow),

Seem’d to her ear his willing lips to lay,

And thus in whispers said, or seem’d to say:

The Morning Dream
The Morning Dream

‘Fairest of mortals, thou distinguish’d care

Of thousand bright inhabitants of air!

If e’er one vision touch thy infant thought,

Of all the nurse and all the priest have taught;

Of airy elves by moonlight shadows seen,

The silver token, and the circled green,

Or virgins visited by angel-powers,

With golden crowns and wreaths of heavenly flowers;

Hear and believe! thy own importance know,

Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.

Some secret truths, from learned pride conceal’d,

To maids alone and children are reveal’d:

What though no credit doubting wits may give?

The fair and innocent shall still believe.

Know then, unnumber’d spirits round thee fly,

The light militia of the lower sky:

These, though unseen, are ever on the wing,

Hang o’er the box, and hover round the ring.

Think what an equipage thou hast in air,

And view with scorn two pages and a chair.

As now your own, our beings were of old,

And once enclosed in woman’s beauteous mould;

Thence, by a soft transition, we repair

From earthly vehicles to these of air.

Think not, when woman’s transient breath is fled,

That all her vanities at once are dead;

Succeeding vanities she still regards,

And though she plays no more, o’erlooks the cards.

Her joy in gilded chariots, when alive,

And love of ombre, after death survive.

For when the fair in all their pride expire,

To their first elements their souls retire:

The sprites of fiery termagants in flame

Mount up, and take a Salamander’s name.

Soft yielding minds to water glide away,

And sip, with Nymphs, their elemental tea.

The graver prude sinks downward to a Gnome,

In search of mischief still on earth to roam.

The light coquettes in Sylphs aloft repair,

And sport and flutter in the fields of air.

‘Know further yet; whoever fair and chaste

Rejects mankind, is by some Sylph embraced:

For spirits, freed from mortal laws, with ease

Assume what sexes and what shapes they please.

What guards the purity of melting maids,

In courtly balls, and midnight masquerades,

Safe from the treacherous friend, the daring spark,

The glance by day, the whisper in the dark,

When kind occasion prompts their warm desires,

When music softens, and when dancing fires?

’Tis but their Sylph, the wise celestials know,

Though honour is the word with men below.

‘Some nymphs there are, too conscious of their face,

For life predestined to the Gnomes’ embrace.

These swell their prospects, and exalt their pride,

When offers are disdain’d, and love denied;

Then gay ideas crowd the vacant brain,

While peers, and dukes, and all their sweeping train,

And garters, stars, and coronets appear,

And in soft sounds, ‘Your Grace’ salutes their ear.

’Tis these that early taint the female soul,

Instruct the eyes of young coquettes to roll,

Teach infant cheeks a bidden blush to know,

And little hearts to flutter at a beau.

‘Oft, when the world imagine women stray,

The Sylphs through mystic mazes guide their way,

Through all the giddy circle they pursue,

And old impertinence expel by new.

What tender maid but must a victim fall

To one man’s treat, but for another’s ball?

When Florio speaks, what virgin could withstand,

If gentle Damon did not squeeze her hand?

With varying vanities, from every part,

They shift the moving toyshop of their heart,

Where wigs with wigs, with sword-knots sword-knots strive,

Beaux banish beaux, and coaches coaches drive.

This erring mortals levity may call,

Oh, blind to truth! the Sylphs contrive it all.

‘Of these am I, who thy protection claim,

A watchful sprite, and Ariel is my name.

Late, as I ranged the crystal wilds of air,

In the clear mirror of thy ruling star

I saw, alas! some dread event impend,

Ere to the main this morning sun descend,

But heaven reveals not what, or how, or where:

Warn’d by the Sylph, oh, pious maid, beware!

This to disclose is all thy guardian can:

Beware of all, but most beware of man!’

He said; when Shock, who thought she slept too long,

Leap’d up, and waked his mistress with his tongue.

’Twas then, Belinda, if report say true,

Thy eyes first open’d on a billet-doux;

Wounds, charms, and ardours, were no sooner read,

But all the vision vanish’d from thy head.

The Billet-doux
The Billet-doux

And now, unveil’d, the toilet stands display’d,

Each silver vase in mystic order laid.

First, robed in white, the nymph intent adores,

With head uncover’d, the cosmetic powers.

A heavenly image in the glass appears,

To that she bends, to that her eyes she rears;

The inferior priestess, at her altar’s side,

Trembling, begins the sacred rites of pride.

Unnumber’d treasures ope at once, and here

The various offerings of the world appear;

From each she nicely culls with curious toil,

And decks the goddess with the glittering spoil.

This casket India’s glowing gems unlocks,

And all Arabia breathes from yonder box.

The tortoise here, and elephant unite,

Transform’d to combs, the speckled and the white.

Here files of pins extend their shining rows,

Puffs, powders, patches, Bibles, billet-doux.

Now awful beauty puts on all its arms;

The fair each moment rises in her charms,

Repairs her smiles, awakens every grace,

And calls forth all the wonders of her face;

Sees by degrees a purer blush arise,

And keener lightnings quicken in her eyes.

The busy Sylphs surround their darling care,

These set the head, and those divide the hair,

Some fold the sleeve, whilst others plait the gown:

And Betty’s praised for labours not her own.

The Toilette
The Toilette


VER. 11,12. It was in the first editions:—

And dwells such rage in softest bosoms then,

And lodge such daring souls in little men?

VER. 13–18 Stood thus in the first edition:—

Sol through white curtains did his beams display,

And op’d those eyes which brighter shone than they;

Shock just had given himself the rousing shake,

And nymphs prepared their chocolate to take;

Thrice the wrought slipper knock’d against the ground,

And striking watches the tenth hour resound.

28 ‘Caryll:’ Mr Caryll (a gentleman who was secretary to Queen Mary, wife of James II., whose fortunes he followed into France, author of the comedy of ‘Sir Solomon Single,’ and of several translations in Dryden’s Miscellanies) originally proposed the subject to Pope, with the view of putting an end, by this piece of ridicule, to a quarrel that had arisen between two noble families, those of Lord Petre and of Mrs Fermor, on the trifling occasion of his having cut off a lock of her hair. The author sent it to the lady, with whom he was acquainted; and she took it so well as to give about copies of it. That first sketch (we learn from one of his letters) was written in less than a fortnight, in 1711, in two cantos only, and it was so printed; first, in a miscellany of Ben. Lintot’s, without the name of the author. But it was received so well that he enlarged it the next year by the addition of the machinery of the Sylphs, and extended it to five cantos.

29 ‘Sylph:’ the Rosicrucian philosophy was a strange offshoot from Alchemy, and made up in equal proportions of Pagan Platonism, Christian Quietism, and Jewish Mysticism. See Bulwer’s ‘Zanoni.’ Pope has blended some of its elements with old legendary stories about guardian angels, fairies, &c.

Last updated Sunday, March 27, 2016 at 11:59