Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, also known by his stage name Molière, was a French playwright and actor who is considered one of the greatest masters of comedy in Western literature. Among Molière's best-known dramas are Le Misanthrope, (The Misanthrope), L'école des femmes (The School for Wives), Tartuffe ou l'Imposteur, (Tartuffe or the Hypocrite), L'Avare ou l'École du mensonge (The Miser), Le Malade imaginaire (The Imaginary Invalid), and Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme (The Bourgeois Gentleman). Thirteen years as an itinerant actor helped him polish his comic abilities whilst he also began writing, combining Commedia dell'Arte elements with the more refined French comedy. He found success among the Parisians with plays such as Les Précieuses ridicules (The Affected Ladies), L'École des maris (The School for Husbands) and L'École des femmes (The School for Wives). Royal favour brought a royal pension to his troupe and the title "Troupe du Roi" (The King's Troupe). Molière continued as the official author of court entertainments.
Though he received the adulation of the court and Parisians, Molière's satires attracted criticisms from moralists and the Church. Tartuffe ou l'Imposteur (Tartuffe or the Hypocrite) and its attack on religious hypocrisy roundly received condemnations from the Church while Don Juan was banned from performance.
Molière's hard work in so many theatrical capacities began to take its toll on his health and, by 1667, he was forced to take a break from the stage. In 1673, during a production of his final play, Le Malade imaginaire (The Imaginary Invalid), Molière, who suffered from pulmonary tuberculosis, was seized by a coughing fit and a haemorrhage while playing the hypochondriac Argan. He finished the performance but collapsed again and died a few hours later. In his time in Paris, Molière had completely reformed French comedy.
- The Flying Doctor (Le Médecin volant) 
- (La Jalousie du barbouillé 
- The Blunderer, or, The Counterplots: A Comedy in Five Acts (L'Étourdi ou les Contretemps) 
- The Love-Tiff: A Comedy in Five Acts (Le Dépit amoureux) [December 16, 1656]
- The Doctor in Love (Le Docteur amoureux)  [now lost]
- The Pretentious Young Ladies: A Comedy in One Act (Les Précieuses ridicules) [November 18, 1659]
- Sganarelle, or, The Self-Deceived Husband (Sganarelle ou le Cocu imaginaire) [May 28, 1660]
- Don Garcia of Navarre, or, The Jealous Prince (Dom Garcie de Navarre ou le Prince jaloux) [February 4, 1661]
- The School for Husbands (L'École des maris) [June 24, 1661]
- The Bores (Les Fâcheux) [August 17, 1661]
- The School for Wives (L'École des femmes) [December 26, 1662]
- La Jalousie du Gros-René [April 15, 1663] [presumably the same as "La Jalousie du Barbouillé"]
- Critique of the School for Wives (La Critique de l'école des femmes) [June 1, 1663]
- L'Impromptu de Versailles [October 14, 1663]
- The forced marriage (Le Mariage forcé) [January 29, 1664]
- Gros-René, petit enfant [April 27, 1664, now lost]
- La Princesse d'Élide [May 8, 1664]
- Tartuffe, or The Imposter (Tartuffe ou l'Imposteur) [May 12, 1664]
- Dom Juan ou le Festin de pierre [February 15, 1665]
- Doctor of Love (L'Amour médecin) [September 15, 1665]
- The Misanthrope (Le Misanthrope ou l'Atrabilaire amoureux) / translated by Henri Van Laun [June 4, 1666]
- The Physician in Spite of Himself (Le Médecin malgré lui) [August 6, 1666]
- Mélicerte [December 2, 1666]
- Pastorale comique [January 5, 1667]
- Le Sicilien ou l'Amour peintre [February 14, 1667]
- Amphitryon, translated by A. R. Waller [January 13, 1668]
- George Dandin ou le Mari confondu [July 18, 1668] -- George Dandin, or the Abashed Husband
- The Miser (L'Avare ou l'École du mensonge), translated by Charles Heron Wall [September 9, 1668]
- Monsieur de Pouceaugnac, translated by Charles Heron Wall [October 6, 1669]
- The Magnificent Lovers (Les Amants magnifiques), translated by Charles Heron Wall [February 4, 1670]
- The Shopkeeper Turned Gentleman (Le Bourgeois Gentillehome), translated by Charles Heron Wall [October 14, 1670]
- The Middle Class Gentleman, translated by Philip Dwight Jones
- Psyche, translated by Charles Heron Wall [January 17, 1671]
- The Impostures of Scapin (Les Fourberies de Scapin), ed. by Charles Heron Wall [May 24, 1671]
- The Countess of Escarbagnas (La Comtesse d'Escarbagnas), translated by Charles Heron Wall [December 2, 1671]
- The Learned Women (Les Femmes Savantes), ed. by Charles Heron Wall [March 11, 1672]
- The Imaginary Invalid (Le Malade Imaginaire), ed. by Charles Heron Wall [February 10, 1673]
- The Dramatic Works of Molière (new edition, 6 volumes; Philadelphia: George Barrie, n.d.), translated by Henri Van
- Preface. Prefatory memoir. The blunderer. The love-tiff. The pretentious young ladies. Sganarelle; or, The self deceived husband. Don Garcia of Navarre: or, The jealous prince.
- The school for husbands. The bores. The school for wives. The school for wives criticised. The impromptu of Versailles. The forced marriage.
- The Princess of Elis, Don Juan: or, The feast with the statue. Love is the best doctor. The misanthrope. The physician in spite of himself.
- Melicerte. A comic pastoral. The Sicilian: or, Love makes the painter. Tartuffe: or, The hypocrite. Amphitryon. George Dandin; or, the abashed husband.
- The miser. Monsieur de Pourceaugnac. The magnificent lovers. The citizen who apes the nobleman. Psyche.
- The rogueries of Scapin. The Countess of Escarbagnas. The learned ladies. The imaginary invalid. The jealousy of Le Barbouille. The flying doctor