The Fable of the Bees or Private Vices, Publick Benefits, by Bernard Mandeville

Mandeville’s Family
Notes to the Genealogy

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ALL information in the following notes not otherwise accounted for relative to Rotterdam and Schieland has been furnished me by Dr. E. Wiersum, the Archivist of Rotterdam; the facts concerning Nijmegen, Grave, and Beeck, by Dr. M. Daniëls, the Archivist of Nijmegen.

1 The names of Mandeville’s great-great-grandparents are not on record. The custom of the day, however, of naming eldest sons after the father’s father, eldest daughters after the mother’s mother, second sons after the mother’s father, and second daughters after the father’s mother makes the names I have here inferred a fair deduction, especially since this custom seems to have been followed by the de Mandevilles.

2 His name is indicated by the suffix ‘sz’ (son of) to his son’s middle name.

3 In the records neither of Nijmegen nor of the other cities associated with the family is there record of Michael’s birth. Perhaps he emigrated to Holland from France, whence their name shows the family to have come. He was appointed ordinaris medicus of the city and Rector of the Latin School in 1601. In 1607 the Magistrates requested him to resign the Rectorship and devote himself entirely to his prosperous medical practice. He and seven of his children-were made citizens of Nijmegen in 1617. From 1618 till his death he was an alderman and member of the town council. He belonged to the Reformed Church. He died, apparently, in 1635, for on 11 Nov. 1635 his son Emanuel was appointed his successor. According to the Nieuw Nederlandsch Biografisch Woordenboek (ed. Molhuysen and Blok), he played an heroic part in the plague which raged at the time of his death.

4 She was the widow of Jan van Meckern. That not she, but Gualtherus’ second wife was the mother of Petronella is deducible from the name of Petronella’s eldest daughter (see above, n. 1).

5 Captain and Commander Verhaar was 50 years old in 1618. His naval career was a long one. His ship was sunk in battle Mar. 1604. In Apr. 1631 he commanded the warships in the upper and lower Meuse. He was still in service 30 Nov. 1641.

6 Johan was entered as a student of theology at the University of Leyden 3 Mar. 1623, aged 22 (Album Studiosorum Academiae Lugduno Batavae, ed. 1875, column 166). In 1624 he was permitted to lecture on Hebrew at the Hoogeschool des Kwartiers van Veluwe at Harderwijk (Bouman, Geschiedenis van de Voormalige Geldersche Hoogeschool, Utrecht, 1844, i. 114).

7 Emanuel was married at Grave, the banns having been first published at Nijmegen 22 Nov. 1635. He succeeded his father as ordinaris medicus 11 Nov. 1635. In 1656 the Magistrates appointed him Professor of Medicine at the Illustris Tetrarchiae Noviomagensis Universitas. He seems to have died in 1660, for his son Gualtherus succeeded him 24 Oct. 1660.

8 Captain Anthony Verhaar was of age by 12 Apr. 1628. He was betrothed 23 June 1624 to Aeltje, widow of Anthony Dircksz. In 1630 he helped to overcome the Antwerp flood.

9 Captain Ryckert Verhaar was of age by 12 Apr. 1628. About 1630 he was in service in the East Indies.

10 Judith married Anthony Dircksz Schick and Anthony Brassem.

11 Captain Bernard Verhaar was not yet of age by 12 Apr. 1628. He was in the service of the Rotterdam Admiralty 30 July 1628. He was still in service Oct. 1654, and still living 6 Sept. 1668, when, with Petronella van Rijmsdijck, he was named in the will of his son-in-law, Michael de Mandeville, as a chief legatee. In 1689 his grandson called him ‘Reipublicae Schoonhoviensis Consuli’ (Mandeville, Disputatio Philosophica, dedication).

12 Gualtherus was registered at Leyden as a student of medicine 30 Sept. 1656 (Album Studiosorum Academiae Lugduno Batavae, column 452). On 23 Dec. 1657 the Nijmegen Magistrates promised that he should succeed to his father’s professorship when the latter died. Gualtherus was made ordinaris medicus and public lecturer on medicine 24 Oct. 1660. The next year the city of Nijmegen sent him to Paris to study (Y. H. Rogge, ‘De Academie te Nijmegen’, in Oud-Holland for 1900, p. 169). By 10 June 1663 he was dead (according to his mother’s petition for a year of grace).

13 Michael was registered as a student of law at Leyden 5 Oct. 1665 (Album Studiosorum Academiae, column 525), but did not continue in this course of work, for he was made ‘pestdoctor’ at Nijmegen 3 Aug. 1666. He was married at Beeck after the banns had been published 14 July 1667 at Nijmegen. By 6 Sept. 1668 he had removed to Rotterdam, for he and his wife made a will there then before Notary A. Hoogendijk. His son Bernard stated that Michael was a leading physician at both Rotterdam and Amsterdam for over 30 years (Treatise of the Hypochondriack . . . Passions, ed. 1711, pp. xii and 40). This declaration is borne out by the fact that Michael was Lieutenant of the Rotterdam militia 1673–5 and 1686–91, Regent of the Hospital 1679–87, and was made Schepen of Schieland 8 June 1681, 30 May 1684, and 30 May 1685.

14 See above, i. xx.

I note here some probable relations of Mandeville whose kinship I am unable to ascertain.

A Bernard de Mandeville of Nijmegen was godfather of the first Michael de Mandeville’s youngest son.

A Jacobus de Magneville is recorded as having attended Leyden University 10 Aug. 1607, aged 15, as ‘studiosus Litterarum’ (Album Studiosorum Academiae Lugduno Batavae, column 88). He is again recorded (as Jacobus de Magnoville) 18 June 1611 (Album, column 102).

Johan van Rijmsdijck, burgomaster [of Grave; see De Navorscher for 1885, xxxv. 189], was godfather to three of the first Emanuel de Mandeville’s children.

Prof. Dr. L. Knappert of the University of Leyden informs me of one Emmanuel de Mandeville, who was born at Middelburg in 1609. He married Elisabeth Beth (born in Amsterdam 1608) 9 Jan. 1635 and Maria Kinseland (born 1619) 16 Sept. 1645.

Dr. Knappert also tells me of a brother of the above — one Robert, who was born at Middelburg in 1617. He married Sara Trodenburch (born 1622). A daughter, Oratia, was baptized at Amsterdam 4 Apr. 1655.

Samuel de Mandeville, born at Nijmegen, was registered as 20 years old and a student of medicine at Leyden 16 Nov. 1627 (Album Studiosorum Academiae Lugduno Batavae, column 206).

Dr. Wiersum informs me of a Nathaniel Mandeville, who died July 1651, and of one Willem Mandeville, who was broker to the English Court about 1650.

Dr. Knappert writes me of a Julius de Mandeville who married Susanna Verdael. Their daughters Petronella and Maria Elisabeth were baptized at Hulst 9 Apr. 1688 and 3 Sept. 1690. Julius was buried at Hulst 26 Feb. 1692. His wife was buried 3 Apr. 1694.

Maria Verhaar, of Cuyck, gave Michael de Mandeville — Bernard’s father — power of attorney 28 Dec. 1689 (protocol of Notary Hans Smits of Rotterdam, inventory no. 728, instrument no. 181).

One Emmanuel de Mandeville, merchant, 20 years old, married Anna Robijn 20 Mar. 1703 at Amsterdam, according to the Amsterdam archives.

De Navorscher contains further information about the Rijmsdijcks, the van de Rades, and the Verhaars.

Last updated Sunday, March 27, 2016 at 11:58