Romanticism was a complex artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Europe. In part, it was a reaction against the Age of Enlightenment and the scientific rationalisation of nature. Whereas the thinkers of the Enlightenment emphasized the primacy of deductive reason, Romanticism emphasized intuition, imagination, and feeling.

The movement validated strong emotion as an authentic source of aesthetic experience, elevated folk art and ancient custom to something noble, and made spontaneity desirable.

Romanticism elevated the achievements of what it perceived as heroic individualists and artists, whose pioneering examples would elevate society. It also legitimized the individual imagination as a critical authority, which permitted freedom from classical notions of form in art.


Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, 1749–1832
Faust, Parts One and Two; Dichtung und Wahrheit; Egmont; Elective Affinities; The Sorrows of Young Werther; Poems; Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship; Wilhelm Meister's Years of Wandering; Italian Journey; Verse Plays; Hermann and Dorothea; Roman Elegies; Venetian Epigrams; West-Eastern Divan.
Friedrich Schiller, 1759-1805
The Robbers; Mary Stuart; Wallenstein; Don Carlos; On the Naïve and Sentimental in Literature.
Hoffmann, E. T. A. (Ernst Theodor Amadeus), 1776-1822
The Devil's Elixir; Tales.


Robert Burns
William Blake, 1757-1827
Complete Poetry and Prose.
Maria Edgeworth, 1767-1849
Castle Rackrent.
William Wordsworth, 1770–1850
Poems; The Prelude.
Walter Scott, 1771-1832
Waverley; The Heart of Midlothian; Redgauntlet; Old Mortality.
Jane Austen, 1775-1817
Pride and Prejudice; Emma; Mansfield Park; Persuasion.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, 1772–1834
Poems and Prose.
Dorothy Wordsworth, 1771-1855
The Grasmere Journal.
William Hazlitt, 1778-1830
Essays and Criticism.
Walter Savage Landor, 1775-1864
Poems; Imaginary Conversations.
Thomas de Quincey, 1785–1859
Confessions of an English Opium Eater; Selected Prose.
Charles Lamb, 1775-1834
James Hogg
The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner.
Charles Robert Maturin, 1782–1824
Melmoth the Wanderer.
John Clare
Beddoes, Thomas Lovell.
Death's Jest-Book; Poems.
George Darley
Nepenthe; Poems.
Thomas Hood
Thomas Wade
George Byron, 1788-1824
Don Juan; Poems.
Percy Bysshe Shelley, 1792-1822
Poems; A Defence of Poetry.
John Keats, 1795-1821
Poems and Letters.
Mary Shelley, 1797-1851
Edward Bulwer-Lytton, 1803-1873


Washington Irving, 1783-1859
The Sketch Book.
Nathaniel Hawthorne, 1804-1864
The Scarlet Letter; Tales and Sketches; The Marble Faun; Notebooks.


Stendhal, 1783-1842
On Love; The Red and the Black; The Charterhouse of Parma.
Victor Hugo, 1802-1885
The Distance, the Shadows: Selected Poems; Les Misérables; Notre-Dame of Paris; William Shakespeare; The Toilers of the Sea; The End of Satan; God.
Alexandre Dumas, père, 1802-1870
The Three Musketeers; The Count of Monte Cristo.


Aleksandr Pushkin, 1799-1837
Complete Prose Tales; Complete Poetry; Eugene Onegin; Narrative Poems; Boris Godunov.
Mikhail Lermontov, 1814-1841
Narrative Poems; A Hero of Our Time.
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