Catherine reading Udolpho.
From the 1833 Bentley Edition of Jane Austen's Novels, artist unknown.
The Gothic Novel
The Gothic novel is a literary genre, in which the prominent features are mystery, doom, decay, old buildings with ghosts in them, madness, hereditary curses and so on.
The first Gothic novel is generally agreed to be The Castle of Otranto (1764) by Horace Walpole.
The second early and major exponent of the form was Ann Radcliffe, who produced a half-dozen works, of which the best known is The Mysteries of Udolpho (1794).
Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey parodies the Gothic novel by setting up the atmosphere of doom and sweeping it away with hearty common sense and normalcy.
In England, the Gothic novel as a genre had largely played itself out by 1840. It left a lasting legacy, however, in works such as Mary Shelley's Frankenstein and the works of Edgar Allan Poe. From these, the Gothic genre strictly considered gave way to modern horror fiction.
- The Castle of Otranto / Horace Walpole 
- The Old English Baron / Clara Reeve 
- The History of the Caliph Vathek / William Beckford 
- The Ghost-Seer / Friedrich Schiller [1787-9]
- Zeluco / John Moore 
- The Castles of Athlin and Dunbayne / Ann Radcliffe 
- A Sicilian Romance / Ann Radcliffe 
- The Romance of the Forest / Ann Radcliffe 
- The Castle of Wolfenbach / Eliza Parsons 
- The Mysteries of Udolpho / Ann Radcliffe 
- The Mysterious Warning, a German Tale / Eliza Parsons 
- The Horrid Mysteries, a story from the German of The Marquis of Grosse / translated by Peter Will 
- The Monk / Matthew Lewis 
- The Italian / Ann Radcliffe 
- The Horrors of Oakendale Abbey / Mrs. Carver [Anthony Carlisle?] 
- The Castle Spectre / Matthew Lewis 
- St. Leon: A Tale of the Sixteenth Century / William Godwin 
- Wieland; or, The Transformation : An American Tale / Charles Brockden Brown 
- Ormond; or, The Secret Witness / Charles Brockden Brown 
- Edgar Huntly; or, Memoirs of a Sleep-Walker / Charles Brockden Brown 
- Arthur Mervyn; or, Memoirs of the Year 1793 / Charles Brockden Brown 
- Zofloya; or, The Moor: a romance of the fifteenth century / Charlotte Dacre 
- Zastrozzi / Percy Bysshe Shelley 
- St Irvyne / Percy Bysshe Shelley 
- Northanger Abbey / Jane Austen 
- Nightmare Abbey / Thomas Love Peacock 
- Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus / Mary Shelley. 
- The Vampyre / John Polidori 
- Melmoth the Wanderer / Charles Maturin 
- Dracula / Bram Stoker 
- The Turn of the Screw / Henry James