Classical Antiquity

Classical antiquity is a broad term for a long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. It is conventionally taken to begin with the earliest-recorded Greek poetry of Homer (8th–7th century BC), and continues through the rise of Christianity and the decline of the Roman Empire (5th century AD).

Classical Greece

image Homer (ca.800BC)
Iliad; Odyssey.
image Hesiod (ca.700BC)
Works and Days; Theogony.
image Sappho (ca.600BC)
image Aesop (620 - 560 BC)
image Aeschylus (525 BC - 456 BC)
Agamemnon; The Choephori; The Eumenides; The Persians; Prometheus Bound; The Seven against Thebes; The Suppliants;
image Sophocles (c. 496-c. 405 BC)
The Oedipus Trilogy of Sophocles; Sophocles, Philoctetes;
image Euripides (480 or 484-406 BC)
Alcestis; Andromache; The Bacchantes; The Cyclops; Electra; Hecuba; Helen; The Heracleidae; Heracles; Hippolytus; Ion; Iphigenia at Aulis; Iphigenia in Tauris; Medea; Orestes; The Phoenissae; Rhesus; The Suppliants; The Trojan Women;
image Aristophanes (ca. 446 BC - 385 BC)
The Acharnians; The Birds; The Clouds; The Ecclesiazusae; The Frogs; The Knights; Lysistrata; Peace; Plutus; The Thesmophoriazusae; The Wasps;
image Apollonius of Rhodes, 3rd C. BCE
The Argonautica
image Herodotus, 485–420BCE
The Histories
image Thucydides, ca.460 BCE
The Peloponnesian Wars
image Xenophon, 431–c.360 BCE
The Persian Expedition.
image The Pre-Socratics (Heraclitus, Empedocles)
image Plato, c.427–c.347 BCE
image Aristotle, 384–322 BCE
Poetics; Ethics


The Hellenistic Period, 323-146 BC

Dating from the death of Alexander the Great to the ascendancy of Rome.

image Menander, ca. 342–291 BC
The Girl from Samos.
image Callimachus, 310/305–240 BC
Hymns and Epigrams.
image Theocritus, 3rdC BC
image Plautus, c. 254–184 BC
Pseudolus; The Braggart Soldier; The Rope; Amphitryon
image Terence, 195/185–159 BC
The Girl from Andros; The Eunuch; The Mother-in-Law


Roman Republic (5th to 1st centuries BC)

image Lucretius, 98?–55 BCE
The Way Things Are.
image Marcus Tullius Cicero, 106–43 BCE
On the Gods.
image Catullus (c.84 B.C. - c.54 B.C.)
Attis and Other Poems.
image Virgil (70-19 BC)
The Æneid; Eclogues; Georgics;


Roman Empire, 44BC-476AD

image Horace, 65-8 BCE
Odes; Epistles; Satires.
image Ovid (43 BC - 17 AD)
Metamorphoses; The Art of Love; Heroides.
image Seneca, Lucius Annaeus, ca.4 BCE–65 CE
Tragedies, particularly Medea and Hercules Furens.
image Petronius, c.27-66
The Satyricon
image Apuleius, c. 123/125-c. 180
The Defense; The Golden Asse
image Plutarch, 46–120
Lives; Moralia.
image Lucian of Samosata, 120–180
image Longinus, 1st or 3rdC
On the Sublime.
image Augustine of Hippo, 354–430
City of God; Confessions


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