James Joyce, 1882-1941
Irish expatriate author of the 20th century. He is best known for his landmark novel Ulysses  and its controversial successor Finnegans Wake , as well as the short story collection Dubliners  and the semi-autobiographical novel A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man .
Although he spent most of his adult life outside Ireland, Joyce's psychological and fictional universe is firmly rooted in his native Dublin, the city which provides the settings and much of the subject matter for all his fiction. In particular, his tempestuous early relationship with the Irish Roman Catholic Church is reflected through a similar inner conflict in his recurrent alter ego Stephen Dedalus.