Victor Hugo, 1802-1885

Biographical note

French poet, playwright, novelist, essayist, visual artist, statesman, human rights campaigner, and perhaps the most influential exponent of the Romantic movement in France.

In France, Hugo's literary reputation rests primarily on his poetic and dramatic output and only secondarily on his novels. Among many volumes of poetry, Les Contemplations and La Légende des siècles stand particularly high in critical esteem, and Hugo is sometimes identified as the greatest French poet. In the English-speaking world his best-known works are the novels Les Misérables and Notre-Dame de Paris (sometimes translated into English as The Hunchback of Notre-Dame).





  • Nouvelles Odes [1824]
  • Odes et Poésies Diverses [1822]
  • Odes et Ballades [1826]
  • Les Orientales [1829]
  • Autumn Leaves (Les Feuilles d'automne) [1831]
  • Les Chants du Crépuscule [1835]
  • Les Voix Intérieures [1837]
  • Les Rayons et les Ombres [1840]
  • Odes sur Napoléon [1840]
  • Les Châtiments [1853]
  • Les Contemplations [1856]
  • Les Chansons des Rues et des Bois [1865]
  • L’Année Terrible [1872]
  • L’Art d’être Grand-père [1877]
  • Le Pape [1878]
  • La Pitié Suprême [1879]
  • L’Âne [1880]
  • Religion et Religions [1880]
  • Les Quatre Vents de l’Esprit [1881]
  • La Légende des siècles [1859]
  • La Légende des Siècles 2e série [1877]
  • La Légende des siècles Tome III [1883]

Other works

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