Maksim Gorky, 1868-1936

Authographed Portrait

Biographical note

Russian/Soviet author, a founder of the socialist realism literary method and a political activist.

He began using the pseudonym Gorky (literally "bitter") in 1892, while working in Tiflis newspaper Кавказ (The Caucasus). The name reflected his simmering anger about life in Russia and a determination to speak the bitter truth. Gorky's first book Очерки и рассказы (Essays and Stories) in 1898 enjoyed a sensational success and his career as a writer began. Gorky wrote incessantly, viewing literature less as an aesthetic practice than as a moral and political act that could change the world. He described the lives of people in the lowest strata and on the margins of society, revealing their hardships, humiliations, and brutalization, but also their inward spark of humanity.

From 1906 to 1913 and from 1921 to 1929 he lived abroad, mostly in Capri, Italy; after his return to the Soviet Union he accepted the cultural policies of the time, although he was not permitted to leave the country.

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Short Story Collections

Short Stories

  • Philip Vasilyevich's Story [1909]
  • Makar Chudra (Макар Чудра) [1892]
  • Starukha Izergil [1895] Vanha Igergil
  • Konovalov [1897]
  • Buyshye lyudi [1897]
  • Notch [1897]
  • Chums [1898]
  • Cain and Artyom [1898]
  • Red [1900]
  • Evil-Doers [1901]
  • Going Home [1912]
  • Lullaby [1917]
  • The Hermit [1923]
  • Karamora [1924]
  • One autumn night
  • Comrades
  • In the Steppe
  • The Green Kitten
  • A Rolling Stone
  • Her Lover
  • Because of Monotony
  • The Man Who Could Not Die
  • Pesnia o Burevestnike, 1901 (short story)
  • Song of a Falcon (Песня о Соколе) [1902]



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