The Hind and the Panther, by John Dryden

Part II.

Dame, said the Panther, times are mended well,

Since late among the Philistines15 you fell.

The toils were pitch’d, a spacious tract of ground

With expert huntsmen was encompass’d round;

The enclosure narrow’d; the sagacious power 5

Of hounds and death drew nearer every hour.

’Tis true, the younger Lion16 ‘scaped the snare,

But all your priestly Calves17 lay struggling there,

As sacrifices on their altar laid;

While you, their careful mother, wisely fled, 10

Not trusting destiny to save your head;

For, whate’er promises you have applied

To your unfailing Church, the surer side

Is four fair legs in danger to provide.

And whate’er tales of Peter’s chair you tell,

Yet, saving reverence of the miracle,

The better luck was yours to ‘scape so well.

 As I remember, said the sober Hind,

Those toils were for your own dear self design’d,

As well as me, and with the self-same throw, 20

To catch the quarry and the vermin too.

(Forgive the slanderous tongues that call’d you so.)

Howe’er you take it now, the common cry

Then ran you down for your rank loyalty.

Besides, in Popery they thought you nursed,

As evil tongues will ever speak the worst,

Because some forms, and ceremonies some

You kept, and stood in the main question dumb.

Dumb you were born indeed; but thinking long

The Test18 it seems at last has loosed your tongue. 30

And to explain what your forefathers meant,

By real presence in the sacrament,

After long fencing push’d against the wall.

Your salvo comes, that he’s not there at all:

There changed your faith, and what may change may fall.

Who can believe what varies every day,

Nor ever was, nor will be at a stay?

  Tortures may force the tongue untruths to tell,

And I ne’er own’d myself infallible,

Replied the Panther: grant such presence were, 40

Yet in your sense I never own’d it there.

A real virtue we by faith receive,

And that we in the sacrament believe.

Then, said the Hind, as you the matter state,

Not only Jesuits can equivocate;

For real, as you now the word expound,

From solid substance dwindles to a sound.

Methinks an Æsop’s fable you repeat;

You know who took the shadow for the meat:

Your Church’s substance thus you change at will, 50

And yet retain your former figure still.

I freely grant you spoke to save your life;

For then you lay beneath the butcher’s knife.

Long time you fought, redoubled battery bore,

But, after all, against yourself you swore;

Your former self: for every hour your form

Is chopp’d and changed, like winds before a storm.

Thus fear and interest will prevail with some;

For all have not the gift of martyrdom.

  The Panther grinn’d at this, and thus replied: 60

That men may err was never yet denied.

But, if that common principle be true,

The canon, dame, is levell’d full at you.

But, shunning long disputes, I fain would see

That wondrous wight Infallibility.

Is he from Heaven, this mighty champion, come;

Or lodged below in subterranean Rome?

First, seat him somewhere, and derive his race,

Or else conclude that nothing has no place.

 Suppose (though I disown it), said the Hind, 70

The certain mansion were not yet assign’d;

The doubtful residence no proof can bring

Against the plain existence of the thing.

Because philosophers may disagree

If sight by emission or reception be,

Shall it be thence inferr’d, I do not see?

But you require an answer positive,

Which yet, when I demand, you dare not give;

For fallacies in universals live.

I then affirm that this unfailing guide 80

In Pope and General Councils must reside;

Both lawful, both combined: what one decrees

By numerous votes, the other ratifies:

On this undoubted sense the Church relies.

’Tis true, some doctors in a scantier space,

I mean, in each apart, contract the place.

Some, who to greater length extend the line,

The Church’s after-acceptation join.

This last circumference appears too wide;

The Church diffused is by the Council tied; 90

As members by their representatives

Obliged to laws which Prince and Senate gives.

Thus some contract, and some enlarge the space:

In Pope and Council, who denies the place,

Assisted from above with God’s unfailing grace?

Those canons all the needful points contain;

Their sense so obvious, and their words so plain,

That no disputes about the doubtful text

Have hitherto the labouring world perplex’d.

If any should in after-times appear, 100

New Councils must be call’d, to make the meaning clear:

Because in them the power supreme resides;

And all the promises are to the guides.

This may be taught with sound and safe defence;

But mark how sandy is your own pretence,

Who, setting Councils, Pope, and Church aside,

Are every man his own presuming guide.

The Sacred Books, you say, are full and plain.

And every needful point of truth contain:

All who can read interpreters may be: 110

Thus, though your several Churches disagree,

Yet every saint has to himself alone

The secret of this philosophic stone.

These principles your jarring sects unite,

When differing doctors and disciples fight.

Though Luther, Zuinglius, Calvin, holy chiefs,

Have made a battle royal of beliefs;

Or, like wild horses, several ways have whirl’d

The tortured text about the Christian world;

Each Jehu lashing on with furious force, 120

That Turk or Jew could not have used it worse;

No matter what dissension leaders make,

Where every private man may save a stake:

Ruled by the Scripture and his own advice,

Each has a blind by-path to Paradise;

Where, driving in a circle, slow or fast,

Opposing sects are sure to meet at last.

A wondrous charity you have in store

For all reform’d to pass the narrow door:

So much, that Mahomet had scarcely more. 130

For he, kind prophet, was for damning none;

But Christ and Moses were to save their own:

Himself was to secure his chosen race,

Though reason good for Turks to take the place,

And he allow’d to be the better man,

In virtue of his holier Alcoran.

 True, said the Panther, I shall ne’er deny

My brethren may be saved as well as I:

Though Huguenots condemn our ordination,

Succession, ministerial vocation; 140

And Luther, more mistaking what he read,

Misjoins the sacred body with the bread:

Yet, lady, still remember, I maintain,

The Word in needful points is only plain.

 Needless, or needful, I not now contend,

For still you have a loop-hole for a friend;

Rejoin’d the matron: but the rule you lay

Has led whole flocks, and leads them still astray,

In weighty points, and full damnation’s way.

For did not Arius first, Socinus now, 150

The Son’s Eternal Godhead disavow?

And did not these by gospel texts alone

Condemn our doctrine, and maintain their own?

Have not all heretics the same pretence

To plead the Scriptures in their own defence?

How did the Nicene Council then decide

That strong debate? was it by Scripture tried?

No, sure; to that the rebel would not yield;

Squadrons of texts he marshall’d in the field:

That was but civil war, an equal set, 160

Where piles with piles19, and eagles eagles met.

With texts point-blank and plain he faced the foe.

And did not Satan tempt our Saviour so?

The good old bishops took a simpler way;

Each ask’d but what he heard his father say,

Or how he was instructed in his youth,

And by tradition’s force upheld the truth.

 The Panther smiled at this; and when, said she,

Were those first Councils disallow’d by me?

Or where did I at sure Tradition strike, 170

Provided still it were apostolic?

 Friend, said the Hind, you quit your former ground,

Where all your faith you did on Scripture found:

Now ’tis Tradition join’d with Holy Writ;

But thus your memory betrays your wit.

 No, said the Panther, for in that I view,

When your tradition’s forged, and when ’tis true.

I set them by the rule, and, as they square,

Or deviate from, undoubted doctrine there,

This oral fiction, that old faith declare. 180

 Hind: The Council steer’d, it seems, a different course;

They tried the Scripture by Tradition’s force:

But you Tradition by the Scripture try;

Pursued by sects, from this to that you fly,

Nor dare on one foundation to rely.

The Word is then deposed, and in this view,

You rule the Scripture, not the Scripture you.

Thus said the dame, and, smiling, thus pursued:

I see Tradition then is disallow’d,

When not evinced by Scripture to be true, 190

And Scripture, as interpreted by you.

But here you tread upon unfaithful ground;

Unless you could infallibly expound:

Which you reject as odious Popery,

And throw that doctrine back with scorn on me.

Suppose we on things traditive divide,

And both appeal to Scripture to decide;

By various texts we both uphold our claim,

Nay, often ground our titles on the same:

After long labour lost, and time’s expense, 200

Both grant the words, and quarrel for the sense.

Thus all disputes for ever must depend;

For no dumb rule can controversies end.

Thus, when you said, Tradition must be tried

By Sacred Writ, whose sense yourselves decide,

You said no more, but that yourselves must be

The judges of the Scripture sense, not we.

Against our Church–Tradition you declare,

And yet your clerks would sit in Moses’ chair;

At least ’tis proved against your argument, 210

The rule is far from plain, where all dissent.

  If not by Scriptures, how can we be sure,

Replied the Panther, what Tradition’s pure?

For you may palm upon us new for old:

All, as they say, that glitters, is not gold.

  How but by following her, replied the dame,

To whom derived from sire to son they came;

Where every age does on another move,

And trusts no farther than the next above;

Where all the rounds like Jacob’s ladder rise, 220

The lowest hid in earth, the topmost in the skies.

  Sternly the savage did her answer mark,

Her glowing eye-balls glittering in the dark,

And said but this: Since lucre was your trade,

Succeeding times such dreadful gaps have made,

’Tis dangerous climbing: to your sons and you

I leave the ladder, and its omen too.

  Hind: The Panther’s breath was ever famed for sweet;

But from the Wolf such wishes oft I meet:

You learn’d this language from the Blatant Beast, 230

Or rather did not speak, but were possess’d.

As for your answer, ’tis but barely urged:

You must evince Tradition to be forged;

Produce plain proofs: unblemish’d authors use

As ancient as those ages they accuse;

‘Till when ’tis not sufficient to defame:

An old possession stands, ‘till elder quits the claim.

Then for our interest, which is named alone

To load with envy, we retort your own,

For when Traditions in your faces fly, 240

Resolving not to yield, you must decry.

As when the cause goes hard, the guilty man

Excepts, and thins his jury all he can;

So when you stand of other aid bereft,

You to the Twelve Apostles would be left.

Your friend the Wolf did with more craft provide

To set those toys, Traditions, quite aside;

And Fathers too, unless when, reason spent,

He cites them but sometimes for ornament.

But, madam Panther, you, though more sincere, 250

Are not so wise as your adulterer:

The private spirit is a better blind,

Than all the dodging tricks your authors find.

For they, who left the Scripture to the crowd,

Each for his own peculiar judge allow’d;

The way to please them was to make them proud.

Thus, with full sails, they ran upon the shelf:

Who could suspect a cozenage from himself?

On his own reason safer ’tis to stand,

Than be deceived and damn’d at second-hand. 260

But you, who Fathers and Traditions take,

And garble some, and some you quite forsake,

Pretending Church-authority to fix,

And yet some grains of private spirit mix,

Are like a mule, made up of differing seed,

And that’s the reason why you never breed;

At least not propagate your kind abroad,

For home dissenters are by statutes awed.

And yet they grow upon you every day,

While you, to speak the best, are at a stay, 270

For sects, that are extremes, abhor a middle way.

Like tricks of state, to stop a raging flood,

Or mollify a mad-brain’d senate’s mood:

Of all expedients never one was good.

Well may they argue, nor can you deny,

If we must fix on Church authority,

Best on the best, the fountain, not the flood;

That must be better still, if this be good.

Shall she command who has herself rebell’d?

Is Antichrist by Antichrist expell’d? 280

Did we a lawful tyranny displace,

To set aloft a bastard of the race?

Why all these wars to win the Book, if we

Must not interpret for ourselves, but she?

Either be wholly slaves, or wholly free.

For purging fires Traditions must not fight;

But they must prove Episcopacy’s right.

Thus those led horses are from service freed;

You never mount them but in time of need.

Like mercenaries, hired for home defence, 290

They will not serve against their native prince.

Against domestic foes of hierarchy

These are drawn forth, to make fanatics fly;

But, when they see their countrymen at hand,

Marching against them under Church-command,

Straight they forsake their colours, and disband.

 Thus she, nor could the Panther well enlarge

With weak defence against so strong a charge;

But said: For what did Christ his Word provide,

If still his Church must want a living guide? 300

And if all saving doctrines are not there,

Or sacred penmen could not make them clear,

From after ages we should hope in vain

For truths, which men inspired could not explain.

 Before the Word was written, said the Hind,

Our Saviour preach’d his faith to human kind:

From his apostles the first age received

Eternal truth, and what they taught believed.

Thus by Tradition faith was planted first;

Succeeding flocks succeeding pastors nursed. 310

This was the way our wise Redeemer chose

(Who sure could all things for the best dispose),

To fence his fold from their encroaching foes.

He could have writ himself, but well foresaw

The event would be like that of Moses’ law;

Some difference would arise, some doubts remain,

Like those which yet the jarring Jews maintain.

No written laws can be so plain, so pure,

But wit may gloss, and malice may obscure;

Not those indited by his first command, 320

A prophet graved the text, an angel held his hand.

Thus faith was ere the written word appear’d,

And men believed not what they read, but heard.

But since the apostles could not be confined

To these, or those, but severally design’d

Their large commission round the world to blow,

To spread their faith, they spread their labours too.

Yet still their absent flock their pains did share;

They hearken’d still, for love produces care,

And, as mistakes arose, or discords fell, 330

Or bold seducers taught them to rebel,

As charity grew cold, or faction hot,

Or long neglect their lessons had forgot,

For all their wants they wisely did provide,

And preaching by epistles was supplied:

So great physicians cannot all attend,

But some they visit, and to some they send.

Yet all those letters were not writ to all;

Nor first intended but occasional,

Their absent sermons; nor if they contain 340

All needful doctrines, are those doctrines plain.

Clearness by frequent preaching must be wrought:

They writ but seldom, but they daily taught.

And what one saint has said of holy Paul,

“He darkly writ,” is true, applied to all.

For this obscurity could Heaven provide

More prudently than by a living guide,

As doubts arose, the difference to decide?

A guide was therefore needful, therefore made;

And, if appointed, sure to be obey’d. 350

Thus, with due reverence to the Apostle’s writ,

By which my sons are taught, to which submit;

I think those truths their sacred works contain,

The Church alone can certainly explain;

That following ages, leaning on the past,

May rest upon the Primitive at last.

Nor would I thence the Word no rule infer,

But none without the Church-interpreter.

Because, as I have urged before, ’tis mute,

And is itself the subject of dispute. 360

But what the Apostles their successors taught,

They to the next, from them to us is brought,

The undoubted sense which is in Scripture sought.

From hence the Church is arm’d, when errors rise,

To stop their entrance, and prevent surprise;

And, safe entrench’d within, her foes without defies.

By these all festering sores her Councils heal,

Which time or has disclosed, or shall reveal;

For discord cannot end without a last appeal.

Nor can a Council national decide, 370

But with subordination to her guide;

(I wish the cause were on that issue tried.)

Much less the Scripture; for suppose debate

Betwixt pretenders to a fair estate,

Bequeath’d by some legator’s last intent;

(Such is our dying Saviour’s Testament:)

The will is proved, is open’d, and is read;

The doubtful heirs their differing titles plead:

All vouch the words their interest to maintain,

And each pretends by those his cause is plain. 380

Shall then the Testament award the right?

No, that’s the Hungary for which they fight;

The field of battle, subject of debate;

The thing contended for, the fair estate.

The sense is intricate, ’tis only clear

What vowels and what consonants are there.

Therefore ’tis plain, its meaning must be tried

Before some judge appointed to decide.

  Suppose, the fair apostate said, I grant,

The faithful flock some living guide should want, 390

Your arguments an endless chase pursue;

Produce this vaunted leader to our view,

This mighty Moses of the chosen crew.

  The dame, who saw her fainting foe retired,

With force renew’d, to victory aspired;

And, looking upward to her kindred sky,

As once our Saviour own’d his Deity,

Pronounced his words:—“She whom ye seek am I,”

Nor less amazed this voice the Panther heard,

Than were those Jews to hear a God declared. 400

Then thus the matron modestly renew’d:

Let all your prophets and their sects be view’d,

And see to which of them yourselves think fit

The conduct of your conscience to submit:

Each proselyte would vote his doctor best,

With absolute exclusion to the rest:

Thus would your Polish diet disagree,

And end, as it began, in anarchy:

Yourself the fairest for election stand,

Because you seem crown-general of the land: 410

But soon against your superstitious lawn

Some Presbyterian sabre would be drawn:

In your establish’d laws of sovereignty

The rest some fundamental flaw would see,

And call rebellion gospel-liberty.

To Church-decrees your articles require

Submission modified, if not entire.

Homage denied, to censures you proceed:

But when Curtana20 will not do the deed.

You lay that pointless clergy-weapon by, 420

And to the laws, your sword of justice, fly.

Now this your sects the more unkindly take

(Those prying varlets hit the blots you make),

Because some ancient friends of yours declare,

Your only rule of faith the Scriptures are,

Interpreted by men of judgment sound,

Which every sect will for themselves expound;

Nor think less reverence to their doctors due

For sound interpretation, than to you.

If then, by able heads, are understood 430

Your brother prophets, who reform’d abroad;

Those able heads expound a wiser way,

That their own sheep their shepherd should obey.

But if you mean yourselves are only sound,

That doctrine turns the Reformation round,

And all the rest are false reformers found;

Because in sundry points you stand alone,

Not in communion join’d with any one;

And therefore must be all the Church, or none.

Then, till you have agreed whose judge is best, 440

Against this forced submission they protest:

While sound and sound a different sense explains,

Both play at hardhead till they break their brains;

And from their chairs each other’s force defy,

While unregarded thunders vainly fly.

I pass the rest, because your Church alone

Of all usurpers best could fill the throne.

But neither you, nor any sect beside,

For this high office can be qualified,

With necessary gifts required in such a guide. 450

For that which must direct the whole must be

Bound in one bond of faith and unity:

But all your several Churches disagree.

The consubstantiating Church and priest

Refuse communion to the Calvinist:

The French reform’d from preaching you restrain,

Because you judge their ordination vain;

And so they judge of yours, but donors must ordain.

In short, in doctrine, or in discipline,

Not one reform’d can with another join: 460

But all from each, as from damnation, fly;

No union they pretend, but in Non–Popery.

Nor, should their members in a Synod meet,

Could any Church presume to mount the seat,

Above the rest, their discords to decide;

None would obey, but each would be the guide:

And face to face dissensions would increase;

For only distance now preserves the peace.

All in their turns accusers, and accused:

Babel was never half so much confused: 470

What one can plead, the rest can plead as well;

For amongst equals lies no last appeal,

And all confess themselves are fallible.

Now since you grant some necessary guide,

All who can err are justly laid aside:

Because a trust so sacred to confer 476

Shows want of such a sure interpreter;

And how can he be needful who can err?

Then, granting that unerring guide we want,

That such there is you stand obliged to grant: 480

Our Saviour else were wanting to supply

Our needs, and obviate that necessity.

It then remains, the Church can only be

The guide, which owns unfailing certainty;

Or else you slip your hold, and change your side,

Relapsing from a necessary guide.

But this annex’d condition of the crown,

Immunity from errors, you disown;

Here then you shrink, and lay your weak pretensions down.

For petty royalties you raise debate; 490

But this unfailing universal state

You shun; nor dare succeed to such a glorious weight;

And for that cause those promises detest

With which our Saviour did his Church invest;

But strive to evade, and fear to find them true,

As conscious they were never meant to you:

All which the Mother Church asserts her own,

And with unrivall’d claim ascends the throne.

So, when of old the Almighty Father sate

In council, to redeem our ruin’d state, 500

Millions of millions, at a distance round,

Silent the sacred consistory crown’d,

To hear what mercy, mix’d with justice, could propound:

All prompt, with eager pity, to fulfil

The full extent of their Creator’s will.

But when the stern conditions were declared,

A mournful whisper through the host was heard,

And the whole hierarchy, with heads hung down,

Submissively declined the ponderous proffer’d crown.

Then, not till then, the Eternal Son from high 510

Rose in the strength of all the Deity:

Stood forth to accept the terms, and underwent

A weight which all the frame of heaven had bent.

Nor he himself could bear, but as Omnipotent.

Now, to remove the least remaining doubt,

That even the blear-eyed sects may find her out,

Behold what heavenly rays adorn her brows,

What from his wardrobe her beloved allows

To deck the wedding-day of his unspotted spouse.

Behold what marks of majesty she brings; 520

Richer than ancient heirs of eastern kings!

Her right hand holds the sceptre and the keys,

To show whom she commands, and who obeys:

With these to bind, or set the sinner free,

With that to assert spiritual royalty.

 One in herself, not rent by schism,21 but sound,

Entire, one solid shining diamond;

Not sparkles shatter’d into sects like you:

One is the Church, and must be to be true:

One central principle of unity. 530

As undivided, so from errors free,

As one in faith, so one in sanctity.

Thus she, and none but she, the insulting rage

Of heretics opposed from age to age:

Still when the giant-brood invades her throne,

She stoops from heaven, and meets them half way down,

And with paternal thunder vindicates her crown.

But like Egyptian sorcerers you stand,

And vainly lift aloft your magic wand,

To sweep away the swarms of vermin from the land: 540

You could like them, with like infernal force,

Produce the plague, but not arrest the course.

But when the boils and blotches, with disgrace 543

And public scandal, sat upon the face,

Themselves attack’d, the Magi strove no more,

They saw God’s finger, and their fate deplore;

Themselves they could not cure of the dishonest sore.

Thus one, thus pure, behold her largely spread,

Like the fair ocean from her mother-bed;

From east to west triumphantly she rides, 550

All shores are water’d by her wealthy tides.

The Gospel-sound, diffused from pole to pole,

Where winds can carry, and where waves can roll,

The self-same doctrine of the sacred page

Convey’d to every clime, in every age.

  Here let my sorrow give my satire place,

To raise new blushes on my British race;

Our sailing-ships like common sewers we use,

And through our distant colonies diffuse

The draught of dungeons, and the stench of stews, 560

Whom, when their home-bred honesty is lost,

We disembogue on some far Indian coast:

Thieves, panders, paillards,22 sins of every sort;

Those are the manufactures we export;

And these the missioners our zeal has made:

For, with my country’s pardon be it said,

Religion is the least of all our trade.

  Yet some improve their traffic more than we;

For they on gain, their only god, rely,

And set a public price on piety. 570

Industrious of the needle and the chart,

They run full sail to their Japonian mart;

Prevention fear, and, prodigal of fame,

Sell all of Christian,23 to the very name;

Nor leave enough of that, to hide their naked shame.

  Thus, of three marks, which in the Creed we view,

Not one of all can be applied to you: 577

Much less the fourth; in vain, alas! you seek

The ambitious title of Apostolic:

God-like descent! ’tis well your blood can be

Proved noble in the third or fourth degree:

For all of ancient that you had before,

(I mean what is not borrow’d from our store)

Was error fulminated o’er and o’er;

Old heresies condemn’d in ages past,

By care and time recover’d from the blast.

  ’Tis said with ease, but never can be proved,

The Church her old foundations has removed,

And built new doctrines on unstable sands:

Judge that, ye winds and rains: you proved her, yet she stands. 590

Those ancient doctrines charged on her for new,

Show when and how, and from what hands they grew.

We claim no power, when heresies grow bold,

To coin new faith, but still declare the old.

How else could that obscene disease be purged,

When controverted texts are vainly urged?

To prove tradition new, there’s somewhat more

Required, than saying, ’twas not used before.

Those monumental arms are never stirr’d,

Till schism or heresy call down Goliah’s sword. 600

  Thus, what you call corruptions, are, in truth,

The first plantations of the Gospel’s youth;

Old standard faith: but cast your eyes again,

And view those errors which new sects maintain,

Or which of old disturb’d the Church’s peaceful reign;

And we can point each period of the time,

When they began, and who begot the crime;

Can calculate how long the eclipse endured,

Who interposed, what digits were obscured:

Of all which are already pass’d away, 610

We know the rise, the progress, and decay.

 Despair at our foundations then to strike,

Till you can prove your faith Apostolic;

A limpid stream drawn from the native source;

Succession lawful in a lineal course.

Prove any Church, opposed to this our head,

So one, so pure, so unconfinedly spread,

Under one chief of the spiritual state,

The members all combined, and all subordinate.

Show such a seamless coat, from schism so free, 620

In no communion join’d with heresy.

If such a one you find, let truth prevail:

Till when your weights will in the balance fail:

A Church unprincipled kicks up the scale.

But if you cannot think (nor sure you can

Suppose in God what were unjust in man)

That He, the fountain of eternal grace,

Should suffer falsehood, for so long a space,

To banish truth, and to usurp her place:

That seven successive ages should be lost, 630

And preach damnation at their proper cost;

That all your erring ancestors should die,

Drown’d in the abyss of deep idolatry:

If piety forbid such thoughts to rise,

Awake, and open your unwilling eyes:

God hath left nothing for each age undone,

From this to that wherein he sent his Son:

Then think but well of him, and half your work is done.

See how his Church, adorn’d with every grace, 639

With open arms, a kind forgiving face,

Stands ready to prevent her long-lost son’s embrace.

Not more did Joseph o’er his brethren weep,

Nor less himself could from discovery keep,

When in the crowd of suppliants they were seen,

And in their crew his best-loved Benjamin.

That pious Joseph in the Church behold,

To feed your famine,24 and refuse your gold:

The Joseph you exiled, the Joseph whom you sold.

  Thus, while with heavenly charity she spoke,

A streaming blaze the silent shadows broke; 650

Shot from the skies; a cheerful azure light:

The birds obscene to forests wing’d their flight,

And gaping graves received the wandering guilty sprite.

  Such were the pleasing triumphs of the sky,

For James his late nocturnal victory;

The pledge of his Almighty Patron’s love,

The fireworks which his angels made above.

I saw myself the lambent easy light

Gild the brown horror, and dispel the night:

The messenger with speed the tidings bore; 660

News, which three labouring nations did restore;

But Heaven’s own Nuntius was arrived before.

  By this, the Hind had reach’d her lonely cell,

And vapours rose, and dews unwholesome fell.

When she, by frequent observation wise,

As one who long on heaven had fix’d her eyes,

Discern’d a change of weather in the skies;

The western borders were with crimson spread,

The moon descending look’d all flaming red;

She thought good manners bound her to invite 670

The stranger dame to be her guest that night.

’Tis true, coarse diet, and a short repast,

(She said) were weak inducements to the taste

Of one so nicely bred, and so unused to fast:

But what plain fare her cottage could afford,

A hearty welcome at a homely board,

Was freely hers; and, to supply the rest,

An honest meaning, and an open breast:

Last, with content of mind, the poor man’s wealth,

A grace-cup to their common patron’s health. 680

This she desired her to accept, and stay

For fear she might be wilder’d in her way,

Because she wanted an unerring guide;

And then the dew-drops on her silken hide

Her tender constitution did declare,

Too lady-like a long fatigue to bear,

And rough inclemencies of raw nocturnal air.

But most she fear’d that, travelling so late,

Some evil-minded beasts might lie in wait,

And, without witness, wreak their hidden hate. 690

 The Panther, though she lent a listening ear,

Had more of lion in her than to fear:

Yet, wisely weighing, since she had to deal

With many foes, their numbers might prevail,

Return’d her all the thanks she could afford,

And took her friendly hostess at her word:

Who, entering first her lowly roof, a shed

With hoary moss, and winding ivy spread,

Honest enough to hide an humble hermit’s head,

Thus graciously bespoke her welcome guest: 700

So might these walls, with your fair presence blest,

Become your dwelling-place of everlasting rest;

Not for a night, or quick revolving year;

Welcome an owner, not a sojourner.

This peaceful seat my poverty secures;

War seldom enters but where wealth allures:

Nor yet despise it; for this poor abode

Has oft received, and yet receives a God;

A God victorious of the Stygian race

Here laid his sacred limbs, and sanctified the place, 710

This mean retreat did mighty Pan contain:

Be emulous of him, and pomp disdain,

And dare not to debase your soul to gain.

  The silent stranger stood amazed to see

Contempt of wealth, and wilful poverty:

And, though ill habits are not soon controll’d,

A while suspended her desire of gold.

But civilly drew in her sharpen’d paws,

Not violating hospitable laws;

And pacified her tail, and lick’d her frothy jaws. 720

  The Hind did first her country cates provide;

Then couch’d herself securely by her side.

15 ‘Philistines:’ the Cromwellians, &c.]

16 ‘Younger lion:’ Charles II.]

17 ‘Priestly calves,’ &c.: this alludes to the Commons voting in 1641 that all deans, chapters, &c. should be abolished.]

18 ‘The Test:’ the Test Act, passed in 1672, enjoined the abjuration of the real presence in the sacrament.]

19 ‘Piles, &c.:’ the Roman arms —pili and eagles.]

20 ‘Curtana:’ the name of King Edward the Confessor’s sword, without a point, an emblem of mercy, and carried before the king at the coronation.]

21 ‘Not rent by schism:’ marks of the Catholic Church from the Nicene creed.]

22 ‘Paillards:’ a French word for licentious persons.]

23 ‘Sell all of Christian,’ &c.: it is said that the Dutch, in order to secure to themselves the whole trade of Japan, trample on the cross, and deny the name of Jesus.]

24 ‘Feed your famine:’ the renunciation of the Benedictines to the abbey lands.]

Last updated Sunday, March 27, 2016 at 11:54