Britannia, by William Camden

The County of Caterlogh.

Big T THE County of Caterlogh, by contraction Carlogh, borders upon Kilkenny to the east; lying mostly between the rivers, Barrow and Slane. The Soil is fruitful, and well shaded with Woods. It hath in it two Towns of note, both situate upon the west bank of the Barrow: The one, Caterlogh, about which Leonel Duke of Clarence began to build a Wall; and Bellingham, the famous and excellent Lord Deputy, built a Castle for the defence of it: The other is Leighlin, in Latin Lechlinia, where was formerly a Bishop’s See, that is now annex’d to the Bishoprick of Fernes. These Towns have both of them their Wards and Constables; ⌈and at Leighlin-bridge, a mile south of Old Leighlin, was a Commandery of the Knights Templars, which is still of some use to guard that considerable Pass.⌉

The Stat. of Absentees. The greatest part of the County belonged by inheritance to the Howards, Dukes of Norfolk (descended, by the Earls of Warren, from the eldest daughter of William Marshall Earl of Pembroke;) but King Henry the eighth, by Act of Parliament, had all the Lands and Possessions granted him, which belong’d either to him and the other English Gentry, or to the Monasteries here in England ** V. County of Waterford, last Paragr.; because, by their absence, and neglect of their own private Affairs there, they had endangered the publick interest of the Nation.

From hence the Barrow runs through the Barony of Ydron,Baron Ydron. which hath belong’d to the Carews of Devonshire, ever since Sir N. Carew, an English Knight, married the daughter of Digo an Irish Baron; and which † † In our memory, the memory of the last age, was recover’d, after a long usurpation, by Peter Carew.

Upon the river Slane stands Tullo,Tullo. memorable for Theobald Butler, brother’s son to the Earl of Ormond, who was honour’d by King James ⌈the first⌉ with the title of Viscount Tullo. The CavanaughsCavanaughs. are very numerous in these parts, (descended from Duvenald, a younger Son, or Bastard (as some say,) of Dermot the last King of Leinster; warlike-men, and famous for good horsemanship; and though they are ⌈generally⌉ very poor at this day, yet are they of as much honour and bravery, as their forefathers; ⌈and some of them of good note.⌉ Upon the account of some slaughters, which * * So said, ann. 1607.many years ago they committed upon one another, they ¦ ¦ Live, C.lived in a state of war, plunder, and blood-shed. Some of them, being entrusted by the English to manage their Estates in these parts about King Edward the second’s time, usurp’d all to themselves, assuming the name of O-More,O More.
From a book of Patrick Finglas.
and taking the * * Toles and Brens, C.Tools and Birns into their confederacy; by which means they dispossess’d the English, by degrees, of all that territory between Caterlogh and the Irish Sea. † † Among, C.Below these, the river Neor joins the Barrow; and after they have travell’d some miles together in one stream, they quit their names, and give up that, with their waters, to their eldest sister the Swire; which empties it self soon after from a rocky mouth into the Sea: where, on the left, there is a little narrow-neck’d Promontory, upon which stands a ¦ ¦ This, as also Rosse, is in Wexford.high tower, built by the Merchants of Rosse while they flourish’d,Hook-tower. to direct Vessels into the mouth of the River.

⌈The title of Marquiss of Caterlogh is enjoy’d by his Grace the Duke of Wharton in England.⌉

Last updated Sunday, March 27, 2016 at 11:52