Britannia, by William Camden


Made by
In his English Translation of
Mr. CAMDEN’s Britannia.

[Note, That the word set here in the Roman letter at the beginning of each Addition, is the word, after which the Addition comes; and that the reasons why they were not inserted in the body of the Work, are given in the General Preface to this Edition.]

PLace—Made against the Incursion of the Picts.
cxliv. 7. MAurus—Doubtless out of him.
The English SAXONS.
clxiv. 50. EAster—But rather, as I think, of the Rising of Christ, which our Progenitors call East, as we do now that part whence the Sun riseth.
The Degrees of ENGLAND.
DIgnity—With the Coronet.
Honour—Comes Domesticorum, Lord Great Master of the Houshold; Comes sacrarum largitionum, Lord High Treasurer; Comes sacræ vestis, Master of the Wardrobe; Comes Stabuli, Master of the Horse; Comes Thesauri, Treasurer; Comes Orientis, Lieutenant of the East; Comes Britanniæ, Comes Africæ, &c.sacrae britannae africae
ccxxxviii. 62. Territories— As for the Earl Marshal of England, King Richard the second gave that title first to Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham, whereas before they were simply stiled Marshals of England; and after the banishment of Mowbray, he granted it to T. Holland, Duke of Surrey, substituted Earl Marshal in his place, that he should carry a Rod of gold enamell’d black at both ends, whenas before they us’d one of wood.
ibid. 67. Time—Who conferr’d that title upon J. Lord Beaumont.
ccxl. 52. To Parliament— And it is noted that the said prudent King Edward I. summoned always those of ancient Families, that were most wise, to his Parliaments; but omitted their Sons after their death, if they were not answerable to their Parents in Understanding.

Chevalier — For the Common Law doth not acknowledge Baron to be a Name of Dignity.
The Law-Courts of ENGLAND.
cclvii. 7. ARches — He is call’d Dean, for that he hath Jurisdiction in 13 Parishes of London, exempt from the Bishop of London; which Number maketh a Deanerie.
3. 59. SEA-Coast — Opposite to this Country.
4. 8. Make — The Inhabitants do discover these Mines by certain Tin-stones lying on the face of the ground, which they call Shoad, being somewhat smooth and round.
ibid. 24. Breaking — Stamping, drying.
ibid. 26. Ingenious — There are also two sorts of Tin; Black-tin, which is Tin-ore, broken and washed, but not yet founded into Metal; and White-Tin, that is molten into Metal; and that is either soft Tin, which is best Merchantable; or hard Tin, less Merchantable.
ibid. 46. St. Jerom — Out of the Sclavonian Tongue.
ibid. 53. Saracens — If they did mean by that Name, the ancient Panims.
ibid. 69. Afterwards — This Richard began to make Ordinances for these Tin-works, and afterwards, &c.
5. 4. Rest — Called Lord Warden of the Stannaries, of Stannum, that is, Tin.
ibid. 6. For, Every Month — Every three Weeks.
ibid. 8. Controversies — In Causes personal between tinner and tinner, and between tinner and foreigner, except in Causes of Land, Life or Member.
ibid. 12. Himself — From him to the Duke, from the Duke to the King. In matters of moment, there are by the Warden, General Parliaments or several Assemblies summoned; whereunto Jurats are sent out of very Stannary, whose Constitutions do bind them. As for those that deal with Tin, they are of four sorts; the Owners of the Soil, the Adventurers, the Merchants or Regraters, and the Labourers, called the Spadiards (of their Spade) who, poor men, are pitifully out-eaten by usurious Contracts. But the Kings of England and Dukes of Cornwall in their times have reserved to themselves a Pre-emption of Tin (by the Opinion of the Learned in the Law) as well in regard of the Propriety, as being chief Lords and Proprietaries; as of their Royal Prerogative.
ibid. 20. Stamp’d — They call it Coynage.
ibid. 22. Without — Under forfeiture of their Tin.
13. 31. Main-Amber — Which being a great Rock advanced upon some others of meaner size with so equal a Counterpoize, a man may stir, &c.
14. 16. Main-land — So that they say of it, It is Land and Island twice a day.
17. 14. Harbour — And neighbour to it is Golden the Inheritance of Tregian, a House ancient and well ally’d. But descending to the haven’s mouth you way see Fenten Gollan, in English Harteswell, lately the seat of Carminow, a family anciently of high esteem for blood and wealth, between whom and the Lord Scroope two hundred years since, was a Plea commenced in the Court of Chivalry, for bearing in a Shield Azure, a Bend Or.
Ed. 1.
Sand — Whereunto fall many fresh Rivulets, amongst which that is principal which passeth by Lanladron, whose Lord S. Serls Lanladron, was summoned a Baron to the Parliament, in that age when the select men for wisdom and worth among the Gentry were called to Parliaments, and their Posterity omitted, if they were defective therein.
Aldermen — Somewhat westward from this lieth Cligarth, the Habitation of the Bevils, of especial good note for Antiquity and Gentry.
ibid. 21. Memorable — But a small River passing by Minhevet, whereby is Pole, the seat of the Trelawnies, to whom with others, the Inheritance of the Courtneys Earls of Devonshire accrued.
ibid. 52. Monte-Edgecombe — At the East-side of Tamar.
24. 62. Digression — Between Padstow and Tindagel inwardly there extendeth a fruitful vein, and therein flourish the Families of Roscarrock, Carnsew, Penkevel, Cavel, Penkavel, of ancient name and great respect in this Coast.
25. 6. Only Daughter — And sole Heir.
ibid. 35. Azores — As I shall shew more fully in my Annals.
ibid. 54. Tamerton — By Tamar an ancient Manour of the Trevilions, to whom, by marriages, the Inheritance of Walesborough and Ralegh of Netlested descended.
26. 10. Tin — So that the Countrey-people had this By-word of it,

Hengston down well ywrought,
Is worth London deer ybought.

ibid. 19. Man — Beneath it Tamar leaveth Halton [formerly] the habitation of the Rouses, anciently Lords of Little-Modbery in Devonshire.
ibid. 69. Besants — Five, Four, Three, Two and One.
ibid. 76. Honours — And at last turn’d Monk at Bermondsey.
27. 2. Henry the first — By the Daughter of Sir Robert Corbet.
ibid. 33. Germany — Among the Competitors of the Empire.
28. 8. Edward the second — Advanced thereunto by his Brother Edward the third.
33. 74. INhabitants — In Sea-services of all sorts.
35. 30. Call’d De Campo Arnulphi — In old Deeds.
37. 17. Bruiers heretofore — Who built here a Religious House.
39. 13. Religion — And, for that, was accounted the Apostle of Germany, and Canoniz’d a Saint.
41. 30. War — Against Henry the seventh.
42. 8. Soon after — For Conspiracy against the King.
35. Henry the eighth — And designed Heir-Apparent.
43. 12. Ancestors — Under Pouderham, Ken a pretty Brook enters into Ex, which riseth near Holcombe, where in a Park is a fair place built by Sir Thomas Denis, whose Family fetcheth their first Off-spring and Sir-name from the Danes, and were anciently written Le Dan Denis, by which name the Cornish call’d the Danes.
20. Parts — And was given by Isabel, heir to the Earls of Devonshire, to King Edward the first, when her Issue fail’d.
74. Chanel — After it hath pass’d down by Ford, where Adelize, daughter to Baldewin of Okehampton, founded an Abbey for Cistercian Monks, 1140.
45. 31. Time — From whom it descended to the Courtneys: Suddenly turning his Chanel, maketh northward, insulating in a manner Potheridge, the Mansion of the Family sirnamed Monke. Happily, for that some one of them being a profess’d Monk, by dispensation to continue his House, return’d to temporal estate: as that noble House in France sirnamed Archevesque, that is, Archbishop, took that name to continue the memory that one of the Progenitors of an Arch-bishop, return’d by dispensation

Page. Line. to a temporal man. Certainly from whencesoever the name came, they have worshipfully match’d, and not long since with one of the Daughters of Arthur Plantagenet, Viscount Lisley, natural Son to King Edward the fourth.
47. 44. Day — From the ancient Gallick Language, the same with old British.
48. 31. Vernon — Because he was born there.
49. Devonshire — And link’d as Cousin, and next heir to the said Isabel.
51. Title — And by a Precept to the High-Sheriff of the Shire, commanded he should be so acknowledg’d. Reginald Courtney was the first of this Family that came into England, brought hither by King Henry the second, and by him advanced with the marriage of the heir of the Barony of Okehampton, for that he procured the marriage between the said King and Elenor heir of Poictou and Aquitain. But whether he was branched from the House of Courtney before it was matched in the Royal Blood of France, or after, which our Monks affirm, but du Tillet Keeper of the Records of France, doubteth, I may say somewhat in another place.
60. Thomas — Taken at Towton-field.
63. Created — Sir.
64. Devonshire — Who within three months revolting from King Edward, his advancer, most ingratefully, was apprehended, and without Process executed at Bridgwater.
49. 3. Ireland — Which Title he affected, as descended from a Cousin and Heir of Humfrey Stafford Earl of Devonshire.
13. Honour — Which he enjoy’d as few years as his Predecessor Humfrey Stafford did Months.
51. 27. DEvonshire — And some part of Somersetshire.
54. 65. Buildings — By Sea-adventures.
77. Corffe — Seated upon a great stately Hill.
78. Age — Until of late it hath been repaired.
56. 35. Ignorance — Here was first bred among the Religious Men (as I have read) John Morton Cardinal and Archbishop of Canterbury, born at St. Andrews Milborne, worthily advanced to so high places for his good service in working England’s Happiness by the Union of the two Houses of Lancaster and York; and of this Family there hath issued both Robert Bishop of Worcester, and many Gentlemen of very good note in this Country and elsewhere.
46. Town — Whereof one is called Maumbury, being an Acre inditched, another Poundbury somewhat greater, and the third a mile off, as a Camp, with five Trenches, containing some ten Acres, call’d Maiden-castle.
59. Emperors — Found there, and especially at Fordington hard by.
70. Romans — It [Dorchester] had anciently a Castle in that place where the Grey-Friers built their Convent out of the ruins thereof, and hath now but three Parish-Churches; whereas the compass of the old Town seemeth to have been very large.
57. 34. Brien — A Baron.
36. For, Humphrey Stafford — Hugh Stafford.
39. Lancashire — And brought hither by the first Marquess of Dorset.
63. Viscount — To the Lord Thomas Howard.
58. 36. Second — Who, when he came to challenge the Crown of England in the year 1142, arrived here, besieged and took the Castle, which was defended by Robert Lacy against him in behalf of King Stephen; and afterward Robert of Lincoln, a man of mighty possessions in those parts defended the same against King Stephen. But, &c.
59. 7. Seat — Whereof, as some were famous, so Hugh Turberville, in the time of King Edward the first, was infamous for his infamous practices with the French.
74. For, Malbanch — Malbanc.
60. 9. Hill — Very defective of Water.
45. England — And, I have been informed that it continued there till the time of King Henry the eighth; yet the Inhabitants have a Tradition, that an old City stood upon the place which is called the Castle-Green, and by some Bolt-bury, now a fair plain so sited, that as of one side it joineth to the town; so of another it is a strange sight, to look down to the Vale under it; whereby in the west end of the Chapel of St. John (as I hear now) standeth a Roman Inscription reversed.
52. Howard — Brother of Thomas last Duke of Norfolk receiv’d of King James the Title, &c.
61. 36. For, Thomas Poynings — Sir Thomas Poynings, Son of Sir Edward Poynings.
38. Expir’d — As bastardly Slips seldom take good root.
62. 10. Well-inhabited — But few fair Buildings.
50. Buried — Gertrude Blunt, Daughter to William Lord Montjoy.
54. Wife — Margaret, Daughter and Heir to Sir John Beauchamp of Bleteneshoe.
63. 74. Robert Cecil — Now Earl of Salisbury.
79. Cranborne — South from hence lieth Woodland emparked, sometime the Seat of the worshipful Family of Filioll, the Heirs whereof are married to Edward Seymor, after Duke of Somerset, and Willoughby of Wallaton.
64. 59. Publick — Who ended his life with sudden Death, An. 1608, and left Robert his Son, his Successor; who deceasing within the year, left the said Honour again to Richard his hopeful Son, whom he begat of the Lady Margaret Howard, Daughter to the late Duke of Norfolk.
67. 38. PAsturage — And yet not without stony Hills.
54. Somertun — In the very first limit of the Shire westward, where Ex riseth in a solitary and hilly Moor, first appeareth Dulverton, a silly Market, according to the Soil; and near unto it was a small Religious House of Black Canons at Barelinch, who in later times acknowledged the Fettiplaces their Founders.
69. 62. People — And between those Clivers was an old Abbey of white Monks, founded by William de Romara, Cousin to the Earl of Lincoln.
70. 11. Evel — Which rose by the decay of Ilchester.
16. Acres — And there appear about the Hill five or six Ditches, so steep, that a man shall sooner slide down, than go down.
36. Camelion — Hereby are two Towns, West-Camelet and East-Camelet, or Queens-Camelet, happily for that it had been in Dowry to some Queen.
49. Courtney — Here, to digress aside, from the River Ivel, Winecaunton, no mean Market, is neighbour to this North-Cadbury, and near thereunto is Pen, &c.
71. 1. Ruins — And two Towers upon the Bridge.
19. Inward — By Langport a proper Market-town.
72. 24. Family — And here I must not forget Preston, sometime the Seat of John Sturton, younger Son to the first Lord Sturton, one of whose heirs was married to Sidenham of Brimston thereby.

Who — Who being taken up in the New-forest by King Henry the second, in a hunting journey, prov’d a great Man.
32. Estate — Married Beatrix of Vannes, Widow to Reginald Earl of Cornwall.
73. 1. Fields — Near Wivelscomb assign’d anciently to the Bishop of Bath.
12. For, John Popham — Sir JohnPopham.
74. 19. Beauchamp — And Earl of Hertford, whom King Edward the sixth afterwards honour’d, first with the name of Lord and Baron Seimor, to be annex’d to his other Titles, lest (as the King saith in the Patent) the name of his mother’s Family shou’d be overshadowd with any other Stile; and yet afterward created him Duke of Somerset.
75. 20. Alone — Parret, having received the same river, runneth alone swelling with certain sandy Shelves sometime in his Chanel, by the Hundred of N. Pederton anciently acknowledging the Bluets to have been Lords thereof, who are thought to have brought that Name from Bluet in Little Britain.
21. East — Which openeth it self near Castle-Cary, which William Lovel Lord thereof held against King Stephen in the behalf of Maud the Empress right Inheritrix of the Crown of England; whose Issue-male failing in the time of King Edward the third, by Heir-female it came to Nicholas de St. Maure, a Baron (of a distinct Family from that which was a few Lines before mention’d;) and shortly after, about the time of Henry the fifth by an Heir-female, again to the Lords Zouch of Harringworth; as a Moiety of the Lands of Lord Zouch of Ashby de la Zouch came before by coheirs to the House of this S. Maures. But when the Lord Zouch was attainted by King Henry the seventh for assisting King Richard the third, this Castle was given by the King to Robert Willoughby Lord Brooke, as his Lands at Bridgewater to the Lord Daubeney; and then he was restored in blood. From Castle-Cary this water passeth by Lites-Cary, to be remember’d in respect of the late Owner Thomas Lyte, a Gentleman studious of all good Knowledge, and so to Somerton.
76. 21. Father — Better’d this Haven.
25. For, Trivet — Strivet.
ibid. Cornwall — Who founded also the Hospital of St. John here, and Durkeswell-Abbey.
28. For, De la Fert — De la Fort.
31. Lancaster — As some Lands hereabout, by another Sister, came to Brees, and so by Cantalupe to Lord Zouch.
estuary aestuarie77. 13. Æstuarie — Where we saw Honispell an ancient Manour of the Cogans, Men of great fame in the Conquest of Ireland.
37. There — Of the Fitz-James.
78. 10. Island — Under a great Hill rising in great height with a Tower thereon, which they call the Tor.
79. 50. City — Environ’d with a large Wall a mile about, and replenish’d with stately buildings.
54. Wallnut-tree — In the holy Church-yard.
57. Abundance — But that is now gone, and a young Tree in the place.
ibid. Hawthorn-tree — In Wirral-Park, hard by.
81. 3. Antiocheis — Wherein he describ’d the Wars of the Christians for recovery of the Holy-land, and was there present with King Richard the first speaking of Britain.
83. 37. Lead — Which lay long at Lambith in the Duke of Norfolk’s-house.
85. 77. River — Verily near the Church there is a Spring call’d St. Andrew’s Well, the fairest, deepest, and most plentiful that I have seen, by and by making a swift Brook.
86. 2. Antiquity — And the Cloisters adjoyning very fair and spacious.
Wall — But this rich Church was despoiled of many fair possessions in the time of Edward the sixth, when England felt all Miseries which happen under a Child-King.
87. 36. Since — To the Lord Hungerford.
57. Castle — Consisting of four round Turrets.
61. Nunnery — Which afterwards was the first House, and as it were Mother to the Carthusians, or Charter-house-Monks in England; as Hinton, not far off, near Farnley-Castle, was the second.
88. 48. Drawers — And have their guides.
89. 38. Deorham — In Glocestershire.
90. 9. Disturbances — And the suppression of Religious Houses ensuing.
21. Strangers — For Health twice a year.
90. 34. Bath — Who dy’d shortly after, leaving, by his Wife the Sister of H. Daubeney Earl of Bridgewater, John second Earl of this family, who by the daughter of George Lord Roos, had John Lord Fitz-warin, who deceas’d before his father, having by Frances the daughter of Sir Thomas Kitson of Hengrave, William, now third Earl of Bathe.
95. 25. Shipward — Aliàs Barstaple.
96. 12. Robert — Call’d by the Normans Fitz-Harding.
14. King Henry — The second.
97. 72. Invested — Sir Edward, &c.
98. 2. Foot-ball — (Which never suffereth sudden Over-greatness to last long.)
99. 71. PART — Which they call North Wiltshire.
101. 64. East-Angles — In Cambridgeshire and Suffolk.
102. 4. Crecklade — By Marianus.
9. Oxford — West from that is Highworth highly seated, a well-known Market, &c.
48. Wotton-Basset — Having this primitive Name from Wood.
107. 8. It — Men of great Renown in their Time.
10. Petronilla — Or Parnel.
32. Samond — Or truly De S. Amando, St. Amand. Afterward of the Baintons from them.
108. 36. Made — Steward of his House and, &c.
110. 23. Lancaster — And sometime to the Earl of Salisbury.
52. House — In a foul Soil, which, &c.
53. Fire — Hath risen eftsoons more fair.
111. 38. Sold — But for remnants of Roman Antiquities, I could discover none here, only on the Eastside are seen some trenches upon the hills, and on the West a natural round and high cop’d Hill, called Clay-hill.
49. Hungerford — But in the Church which hath been Collegiate, there is seen but one defaced Monument of them. The last Lord Hungerford, created by King Henry the eighth, had his Denomination of this place, but enjoy’d that Honour a short while, being condemn’d of a Crime not to be utter’d.
ibid. 69. Yanesbury — Opposite to this on the other side of the Water, is another less Camp-place singly ditch’d, call’d Dunshat, and about one mile and a half from Yanesbury, another likewise with a single trench, call’d Woldsbury. I have noted the names, as the Country-people term them, and others may collect some Matter thereby more than I can.
112. 8. Owners — And amongst them the Lord Brook, who repair’d it and dy’d at it.
40. Nobility — And a few miles from thence, is Hindon, a quick Market, and known for nothing else that I could see.

Page. Line.
113. 43. Sarisburia — And Sarisburialia.
114. 55. Soldiers — Against the Churchmen.
ibid. Water — The Churchmen first, and then, &c.
118. 31. Issue — Having unhappily slain his own Son, while he trained him at Tilting.
57. Edward — Earl of Warwick.
60. Restor’d — By Henry the eighth in a full Parliament about the fifth year of his Reign.
69. Third — Duke of Glocester, and Brother to King Edward the fourth.
70. Edward — Whom his Unkle King Edward, in the 17th year of his Reign, created Earl of Salisbury, and Richard his Father usurping the Kingdom, made, &c.
119. 39. Place — Famous is this Clarendon, for that here in the year 1164. was made a certain Recognition and Record of the Customs and Liberties of the Kings of England, before the Prelates and Peers of this Kingdom, for avoiding dissensions between the Clergy, Judges and Barons of the Realm, which were call’d The Constitutions of Clarendon. Of which so many as the Pope approved, have been set down in the Tomes of the Councils, the rest omitted; albeit Thomas Becket then Archbishop of Canterbury, and the rest of the Bishops approved them also. Hereby is Ivy Church, sometime a small Priory, where, as Tradition runneth, in our Grandfathers remembrance was found a Grave, and therein a Corps of twelve foot, and not far off a stock of wood hollowed, and the concave lin’d with Lead, with a Book therein of very thick Parchment, all written with Capital Roman Letters. But, it had lain so long, that when the leaves were touched, they moulder’d to dust. Sir Thomas Eliot who saw it, judged it to be an History. No doubt he that so carefully laid it up, hoped it shou’d be found, and discover some things memorable to Posterity.
126. 25. Arles — I have heard, that in the time of King Henry the eighth, there was found near this place a Table of Metal, as it had been Tin and Lead commix’d, inscrib’d with many Letters, but in so strange a Character, that neither Sir Thomas Eliot nor Mr. Lily School-master of St. Paul’s, could read it, and therefore neglected it. Had it been preserv’d, somewhat happily might have been discovered as concerning Stone-henge, which now lieth obscured.
127. 45. Land-marks — Within one mile of Selbury is Albury, an uplandish Village built in an old Camp, as it seemeth, but of no large Compass, for it is environed with a fair Trench, and hath four Gaps or Gates, in two of which stand huge Stones as jambs, but so rude, that they seem rather natural than artificial, of which sort there are some other in the said Village.
128. 69. Runs — Eastward.
130. 28. Is — Not long since the Seat of the Darels.
32. Before — And hereby runneth the limit between this Shire and Berkshire.
135. 47. BAY — As more inwardly, on the other side, are the two Castles of St. Andrew and Netley.
137. 14. Second — And afterward King Henry the sixth granted to the Mayor, Bailiffs and Burgesses, that it shou’d be a County by it self, with other Liberties.
66. It — From thence it runneth down, and receives from the East a Brook passing by Bullingdon, in whose Parish is a place call’d Tilbury-hill, and contains a square Field, by estimation ten acres ditched about, in some places deeper than other, wherein hath been found tokens of Wells, and about which the Ploughmen have found square Stones and Roman Coins, as they report; for the place I have not seen.
138. 16. River — Out of the which, Mary daughter to King Stephen being there Abbess, and his only heir surviving, was convey’d secretly by Matthew of Alsace son to the Earl of Flanders, and to him married. But after she had born to him two Daughters, was enforced by Sentence of the Church to return hither again according to her Vow.
Praesepe 142. 7. Devotion — But among others St. Swithin continues yet of greatest fame; not so much for his Sanctity, as for the Rain which usually falls about the Feast of his Translation in July, by reason the Sun then is Cosmically with Præsepe and Aselli, noted by ancient writers to be rainy Constellations, and not for his weeping, or other weeping Saints Margaret the Virgin, and Mary Magdalen, whose Feasts are shortly after, as some superstitiously credulous have believed.
144. 21. Quincy — In these words, Azur a dix Mascles D’or en orm d’un Canton de nostre propre Armes d’Engleterre, cest favour, de Goul un Leopard passant d’or, armée d’azur.
24. For, William — Sir William.
ibid. England — Earl of Wiltshire, and Lord St. John of Basing.
26. Winchester — A Man prudently pliable to times; raised not suddenly, but by degrees in Court; excessive in vast informous buildings, temperate in all other things; full of years, for he lived 97 years; and fruitful in his generation; for he saw 103 issued from him by Elizabeth his wife, daughter to Sir William Capel Knight: And now his Grandchild William, enjoys the said Honours.
55. Bere — Whereby is Wickham, a Mansion of that ancient Family of Vuedal.
57. Winchester — Where the marriage was solemniz’d between King Henry the sixth, and Margaret of Anjou.
147. 9. For, Luke — Sir Luke.
33. For, William — Sir William.
150. 35. Market — By it Fremantle, in a Park where King John much hunted.
162. 10. POrtugal— and Widow to Gilbert Lord Talbot.
23. L’isle — By King Henry the sixth.
26. L’isle — By a Patent, without any such regard.
47. Northumberland — In the time of King Edward the sixth.
49. Attainted — By Queen Mary.
52. L’isle — Who ended his Life issueless.
166. 53. For, Thomas — Sir Thomas.
58. Pembroke — But Queen Elizabeth gave it to John Baptista Castilion, a Piemontese, of her Privy Chamber for faithful Service in her Dangers.
168. 35. Henry — With his Wife both veiled and crown’d, for that she had been a Queen and professed Nun.
170. 40. Belongs — Hereby falleth Ladden, a small water, into the Thames.
43. Dug-up — And next to it Billingsbere, the inhabitation of Sir Henry Nevil, issued from the Lords Abergevenny.
50. Montacutes — And amongst them the first Earl of Salisbury of this Family founded a Priory, wherein, some say, he was buried. Certes his Wife, the daughter of the Lord Grandison, was

Page. Line. buried there, and in the Inscription of his Tomb it was specified, that her Father was descended out of Burgundy, Cousin-german to the Emperor of Constantinople, the King of Hungary, and Duke of Bavaria, and brought into England by Edmund Earl of Lancaster.
170. 59. Southealington — Afterwards, Maidenhith.
171. 65. Fourth — And Sir Reginald Bray.
173. 11. For, William Paynell — Sir Walter Paveley.
181. 27. MONKS — Commonly called White-Monks, which Abbey being a Grand-child, (as they term’d it) from Cisterce in Burgundy, was so fruitful here in England, that it was Mother to the Abbeys of Gerondon, Ford, Tame, Cumb; and Grandmother to Bordesley, Bidlesdon, Bruer, Bindon, and Dunkeswell. For so Religious Orders were wont to keep in pedigree-manner the Propagation of their Order, as a Deduction of Colonies out of them.
182. 57. Knights — Better’d by an heir of T. Camel.
ibid. Seat — Where King Henry the seventh repair’d and enlarg’d the Manour-house, being the inheritance of the Lady Margaret Countess of Richmond, his Mother, who liv’d there in her later time. Newark sometime a small Priory environed with divided streams.
59. Clinton — And Admiral of England.
67. Place — As of the next Village Ripley, G. de Ripley a Ringleader of our Alchimists, and a mystical Impostor.alchemist aella
185. 36. For, Thomas — Sir Thomas.
39. For, Anthony — Sir Anthony.
186. ult. Nottingham — Of whom more in my Annals.
187. 21. Current — By Stoke-Dabernoun, so named of the ancient Possessors the Dabernouns, Gentlemen of great note. Afterwards, by inheritance from them the possession of the Lord Bray. And by Alsher, sometimes a Retiring-place belonging to the Bishops of Winchester.
39. Inaugurated — Upon an open Stage in the Market-place.
190. 64. First — For Black-Canons.
65. Surrey — In the year 1127, which was famous for the Statute of Merton, enacted in the 21st of Henry the eighth; and also for Walter de Merton, founder of Merton-College in Oxford, born and bred here.
191. 26. For, J. — Sir James.
28. Hoo — And Hastings. To digress a little from the river: Eastward from Croydon standeth Addington, now the habitation of Sir Oliff Leigh, whereby is to be seen the ruble of a Castle of Sir Robert Agvilon, and from him of the Lords Bardolph, who held certain Lands here in fee by Serjeanty to find in the King’s Kitchin at the Coronation one to make a dainty Dish which they called Mapigernoun & Dilgerunt. What that was, I leave to the skilful in ancient Cookery.
192. 32. Wandlesworth — Between Putney, the native Soil of Thomas Cromwell, one of the flowting-Stocks of Fortune.
193. 51. Of — Humphrey Duke.
194. 11. Surrey — Who had married his Sister.
21. Son — And married the Daughter of Hugh Earl of Vermandois; whereupon his Posterity (as some suppose) used the Arms of Vermandois. His Son William dying in the Holy Land about 1142.
32. John — Who slew Alan de la Zouch, in presence of the Judges of the Realm.
45. Arundels — For Richard their Son, who married in the House of Lancaster (after his Father was wickedly beheaded for siding with his Sovereign King Edward the second, by the malignant Envy of the Queen) was both Earl of Arundel and Surrey, and left both Earldoms to Richard his Son, who contrary-wise lost his head for siding against his Sovereign King Richard the second. But Thomas his Son, to repair his Father’s dishonour, lost his life for his Prince and Country in France, leaving his Sisters his Heirs for the Lands not entailed, who were married to Thomas Mowbray Duke of Norfolk, &c. to Sir Rowland Lenthall, and Sir William Beauchampe, Lord of Abergavenny.
194. 49. Time — After the Execution of Richard Earl of Arundel.
69. Surry — And Richard second Son of King Edward the fourth, having married the Heir of Mowbray, receiv’d all the titles due to the Mowbrays by creation from his Father. Afterward, King Richard the third, having dispatch’d the said Richard, &c.
195. 38. ROcks — And the South-west wind doth tyrranize thereon, casting up Beach infinitely.
198. 48. Domine — Neither he only adorned the Lord’s House, but repaired also the Bishop’s Houses.
53. Castle — Near the Haven of Chichester is W. Witering, where (as the Monuments of the Church testifie) Ælla the first founder of the Kingdom of Suth-sex arrived.
199. 20. Young — But now it is most famous for good Cockles and full Lobsters.
201. 43. Arundel — By virtue of an Entail.
50. Fitz-Alans — Edmund, second Earl, Son to Richard, marry’d the heir of the Earl of Surrey, and was beheaded through the malicious fury of Queen Isabel, not lawfully convicted; for that he oppos’d himself in King Edward the second’s behalf against her wicked practices. His Son Richard petition’d in Parliament to be restor’d to blood, lands and goods, for that his father was put to death not try’d by his Peers, according to the Law and Great Charter of England. Nevertheless, whereas the Attainder of him was confirm’d by Parliament, he was forc’d to amend his Petition; and upon the amendment thereof, he was restor’d by the Kings meer grace.
4 Edw. III. Richard his Son, as his grandfather died for his Sovereign, lost his life for banding against his Sovereign King Richard the second. But Thomas his Son more honourably ended his life, serving King Henry the fifth valorously in France, and leaving his Sisters his heirs general. Sir John of Arundel Lord Maltravers, his next Cousin and Heir Male, obtain’d of King Henry the sixth, the Earldom of Arundel, as we even now declared (See before the Earls of Surrey) and also was by the said King for his good Service created Duke of Touraine. Of the succeeding Earls I find nothing memorable.
204. 4. Montacute — Which for building oweth much to the late Viscount, and formerly to Sir William Fitz-Williams, Earl of Southampton.
ibid. Midherst — That is Middle-wood.
56. Arun — Inwardly is Michelgrove, that is, Great Grove, the Heir-general whereof so sirnamed, was married to John Shelley, whereby with the Profession of the Law, and a marriage with one of the Coheirs of Beknap, the family of Shelley was greatly enriched.
205. 29. Thence — Upon a Statute made against Women absenting themselves from their Husbands, &c.

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205. 57. Steningham — In latter times it had a Cell of Black Monks, wherein was enshrined St. Cudman an obscure Saint, and visited by Pilgrims with Oblations.
206. 17. Knighthood — Thence by Cuckfeild to Linfeld, where, in former Ages, was a small Nunnery; and so by Malling sometime a Manour appertaining to the Archbishops of Canterbury.
23. County — Seated it is upon a rising almost on every side. That it hath been walled, there are no apparent tokens. Southward it hath under it, as it were, a great Suburb, called South-over; another westward, and beyond the River a third eastward called Cliffe, because it is under a Chalky Cliff. In the time of the English-Saxon Government, when King Athelstan made a Law, that Money shou’d not be coined but in good Towns, he appointed two Minters or Coiners for this Place.
207. 26. Hands — From Lewis, the river as it descendeth, so swelleth, that the bottom cannot contain it, and therefore maketh a large Mere, and is fed more full with a Brooket falling from Laughton, a Seat of the Pelhams (a Family of especial respect) by Gline, that is, in the British tongue, the Vale, the habitation of the Morleys, whose Antiquity the name doth testify. And afterward, albeit it gathereth it self into a chanel, yet often-times it overfloweth the low Lands about it, to no small detriment.
36. Cuckmer — Which yet affordeth no commodious haven, though it be fed with a Fresh which insulateth Michelham, where Gilbert de Aquila founded a Priory for Black-Canons. And then at East-bourn the Shore ariseth into so high a Promontory, called of the Beach, Beachy-Points and Beau-Cliff (for the fair shew being interchangeably compounded with rows of Chalk and Flint) that it is esteem’d the highest Cliff of all the South-coast of England. As hitherto from Arundel and beyond, the Countrey along the Coast, for a great breadth, mounteth up into high hills, called the Downes, which for rich fertility giveth place to few Valleys and Plains; so now it falleth into such a low Level and Marsh, that the People think it hath been overflowed by the Sea. They call it Pevensey-Marsh, of Pevensey.
44. Conqueror — And then had fifty six Burgesses. After the Attainder of his Son William Earl of Moriton, it came to King Henry the first by Escheat. In the composition between Stephen and King Henry the second, both Town and Castle, with whatsoever Richard de Aquila had of the honour of Pevensey, which after his name was called Honor de Aquila and Baronia de Aquila, or of the Eagle, was assigned to William Son to King Stephen. But he surrender’d it, with Norwich, into King Henry the second’s hands, in the year 1158. when he restor’d to him all such Lands as Stephen was seised of before he usurped the Crown of England.
208. 2. It — which had fallen to the Crown by Escheat; for that Gilbert de Aquila had passed into Normandy, against the King’s good will, to Peter Earl of Savoy the Queen’s Uncle. But he, fearing the envy of the English against Foreigners, relinquish’d it to the King, and so at length it came to the Dutchy of Lancaster.
36. Boloigne — About the time of King Edward the second, Sir John Fienes married the heir of Monceaux, his Son William married one of the heirs of the Lord Say, his Son likewise the heir of Balisford, whose Son Sir Roger Fienes married the daughter of Holland, and in the first year of King Henry the sixth, built of Brick the large, fair, uniform and convenient house here, Castle-like within a deep Moat.
208. 43. Dacre — And to have precedence before the Lord Dacre of Gilesland heir-male of the Family.
44. Time — The heirs lineally descending from him being enrich’d by one of the heirs of the Lord Fitz-Hugh.
46. Dacre — Son to the unfortunate Thomas Lord Dacre.
49. Civility — And by her hath fair issue. In whose behalf it was published, declared and adjudged by the Lords Commissioners for Martial Causes, in the second year of the Reign of King James, with his privity and assent Royal, That the said Margaret ought to bear, have, and enjoy, the name, state, degree, title, stile, honour, place, and precedency of the Barony of Dacre; to have and to hold, to her, and the issue of her body in as full and ample manner, as any of her Ancestors enjoy’d the same. And that her Children may and shall have, take, and enjoy the place and precedence respectively, as the Children of her Ancestors Barons Dacre have formerly had and enjoy’d.
53. Return — About three miles from Pevensey, is Beckes-hill, a place much frequented by St. Richard Bishop of Chichester, and where he died. Under this is Bulverhith in an open shore, with a roofless Church, not so named of a Bull’s Hide, which, cut into Thongs by William the Conqueror, reached to Battaile (as the fable) for it had that name before his coming. But here he arriv’d, &c.
61. Victory — After two days marched to Hastings.
62. Hastings — Then to an hill near Nenfield, now call’d Standard-Hill, because (as they say) he there pitched his Standard, and from thence two miles further, where in a Plain, &c.
209. 18. Victory — And therein he offer’d his Sword and Royal Robe, which he ware the day of his Coronation. These the Monks kept until their suppression, as also a Table of the Normans Gentry which entred with the Conqueror; but so corruptly in later times, that they inserted therein the names of such as were their Benefactors, and whosoever the favour of Fortune or Virtue had advanc’d to any eminency in the subsequent ages.
210. 13. Kent — The tradition is, That the old Town of Hastings is swallowed up of the Sea. That which standeth now, as I observ’d, is couched between a high Cliff Sea-ward, and as high an Hill land-ward, having two Streets extended in length from North to South; and in each of them a Parish-Church. The Haven, such as it is, being fed but with a poor small Rill, is at the south end of the Town, and hath had a great Castle upon the hill, which over-commanded it: now there are only ruins thereof, and on the said hill Light-houses to direct Sailors in the night-time.
40. Day — Thus Hastings flourish’d long, inhabited with a warlike People and skilful Sailors, well stor’d with Barks and Craies, and gained much by fishing, which is plentiful along the shore. But after that the Peer made of Timber was at length violently carry’d away by extream rage of the Sea, it hath decay’d, and the fishing less used by the reason of the dangerous landing; for they are enforced to work their Vessels to land by a Cap-stall or Crain. In which respect, for the bettering of the Town, Queen Elizabeth granted a Contribution toward the making of a new Harbour, which was begun, but the Contribution was quickly converted into private purses, and the publick good neglected. Nevertheless, both Court, the Country, and City of London is served with much Fish from thence.

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210. 49. Allegiance — When King Henry the third had seiz’d their Lands into his hands, he granted the Rape of Hastings first to Peter Earl of Savoy, then to Prince Edward his Son, and after, upon his surrender, to John, Son to the Duke of Little Britain, upon certain exchanges of Lands pertaining to the Honour of Richmond, which Peter Earl of Savoy had made over for the use of the Prince. Long time after, when the Dukes of Britain had lost their Lands in England for adhering to the French King, King Henry the fourth gave the Rape of Hastings, with the Manour of Crowherst, Burgwash, &c. to Sir John Pelham the elder, upon whose loyalty, wisdom and valour he much relied.
211. 32. Sudden — And now only beareth the countenance of a fair Town, and hath under it in the level, which the Sea relinquished, a Castle fortify’d by Henry the eighth, and large Marshes defended from Sea-rages with Works very chargeable.
212. 16. Normandy — Yet now it beginneth to complain that the Sea abandoneth it (such is the variable and interchangeable course of that Element) and in part imputeth it, that the River Rother is not contain’d in his Channel, and so looseth it’s force to carry away the Sands and Beach which the Sea doth inbear into the haven: Notwithstanding, it hath many Fishing-vessels, and serveth London and the Court with variety of Sea-fish.
24. Ripa — These two Towns (neither may it seem impertinent to note it) belong’d to the Abbey of Fescampe in Normandy. But when King Henry the third perceiv’d that Religious Men intermingled secretly in matters of State, he gave them in exchange for these two, Chiltenham and Sclover, two Manours in Gloucestershire, and other Lands; adding for the reason, that the Abbots and Monks might not lawfully fight with temporal Arms against the enemies of the Crown.cheltenham
76. Forest — And not far off East-Grensted, anciently a Parcel of the Barony of Eagle, and made a Market by King Henry the seventh.
213. 1. Sackvil — Her Allie by the Bullens.
6. Forest — Where I saw Eridge, a Lodge of the Lord Abergavenny, and by it craggy Rocks rising up so thick, as though sporting Nature had there purposed a Sea. Hereby, in the very confines of Kent is Groomebridge, an habitation of the Wallers, whose House there was built by Charles Duke of Orleans, father to King Lewis the 12th of France, when he, being taken Prisoner in the Battle of Agincourt by Richard Waller of this place, was here a long time detained Prisoner.
215. 27. KENT — Extendeth it self in length from West to East fifty miles, and from South to North twenty-six.
52. Towns — And well-peopled.
55. Waters — At a word, the Revenues of the Inhabitants are greater both by the Fertility of the Soil, and also by the neighbourhood of a great City, of a great River, and the Main Sea.
218. 18. Them — And representing afar off a moving Wood.
24. Which — By which they are not so bound by Copyhold, Customary Tenures, or Tenant-right, as in other parts of England; but in a manner every Man is a Free-holder, and hath some part of his own to live upon.
77. Admiral — A Chancellor and, &c.
219. 5. Above — Doth there admit into his Chanel into the first limit of this Shire Ravensburne, a small water, and of short course, which riseth in Kestonheath hard under the pitching of an ancient Camp, strange for the height as double rampires, and depth as double Ditches, of all that I have seen: doubtless the work of many labouring hands. Of what capacity it was, I could not discover, for that the greatest part thereof is now several, and overgrown with a thicket; but verily great it was, as may be gather’d by that which is apparent. We may probably conjecture that it was a Roman Camp; but I might seem to rove, if I should think it that Camp which Julius CæsarCaesar Kaesar pitch’d, when the Britains gave him the last battel with their whole Forces; and then having bad success, retir’d themselves, and gave him leave to march to the Thames-side. And yet certes Keston the name of the place seemeth to retain a parcel of Kæsar’s name; for so the Britains call’d him, and not Cæsar, as we do. As for the the other small Intrenchment not far off by W. Wickham, it was cast in fresh memory, when old Sir Christopher Heydon, a man then of great command in these parts, trained the Country-People. This water having passed by Bromeley, a Mansion-house of the Bishops of Rochester, when it had gathered strength, the depth of his Ford giveth name to Depeford.
220. 74. Sticks — And to the memory of this St. Ealpheg is the Parish-Church here consecrated.
221. 1. Tower — Famous in Spanish Fables.
4. Meadows — To the City of London, and the Country round about.
8. Northampton — Lord Privy Seal, &c.
222. 28. Poor — And, as the prying Adversaries of our Religion then observ’d, was the first Protestant that built an Hospital.
40. Kings — But unwholsomly, by reason of the Moat.
50. Done — But despoil’d him of Alnwick-Castle, this, and other fair Lands.
57. Stream — Which the Canons of Liesness adjoyning kept sweet and sound Land in their times. This Abbey was founded 1179, by Lord Richard Lucy Chief Justice of England, and by him dedicated to God, and the memory of Thomas of Canterbury, whom he so admired for his Piety; while others condem’d him for Pervicacy against his Prince; as he became here a devoted Canon to him.
223. 45. Height — Now cut down, which commendeth Sir William Sevenok, an Alderman of London; who being a Foundling, and brought up here, and therefore so named, built here, in grateful remembrance, an Hospital and a School. On the east-side of it standeth Knoll, so called for that it is seated upon a Hill, which Thomas Bourchier, Archbishop of Canterbury, purchasing of Sir William Fienes, Lord Say and Seale, adorn’d with a fair House; and now lately Thomas Earl of Dorset, Lord Treasurer, hath furbish’d, and beautified the old Work with new chargeable Additaments.
224. 15. Name — But now of Sir Percival Hart, descended from one of the Coheirs of the Lord Bray.
23. Market — Where King Edward the third built a Nunnery, which King Henry the eighth converted into a House for himself and his Successors.
29. Crecce — anciently call’d Creccan; when in his short course he hath imparted his name to five Townlets, which he watereth, as St. Mary-Crey, Paul’s-Crey, Vote’s-Crey, North-Crey, and Crey-Ford.
40. Else — Yet amongst them is * Swanscomb (of which I have heretofore spoken) of honourable Memory among the Kentish-men, for obtaining there the continuance of their ancient Franchises. Afterwards

Page. Line. it was well known by the Montceusies, Men of great Nobility, the Owners thereof, who had their Barony hereabouts. [* In the Margin. Swanscomb, i.e. K. Swane’s Camp.]
224. 50. Graves-end — So called (as Mr. Lambard is my Author) as the Gereves-end, i.e. the limit of the Gereve or Reve.
51. England — For the usual passage by water between it and London, since the Abbot of Grace by the Tower of London, to which it appertained, obtained of King Richard the second, that the Inhabitants of it and Milton only shou’d transport Passengers from thence to London.
53. Eighth — When he fortified the Sea-Coasts.
Inq.39 Edw. III.
River — Beyond Gravesend is Shorn, held anciently by Sir Roger Northwood, by Service to carry with others the King’s Tenants a white Ensign forty days at his own Charges, when the King warred in Scotland.
62. For, John — Sir John Oldcastle.
225. 1. Wholsom — At the entry hereof is Cowling-castle, built by John Lord Cobham in a Moorish ground.
51. Small — It receiveth the Eden.
ibid. Pens-hurst — The Seat anciently (as it seemeth by the name) of Sir Stephen de Penherst, who was also called de Penshester, a famous Warden of the Cinque-Ports.
54. Was — Sir Henry Sidney.
63. For, Philip — Sir Philip.
226. 10. Medway — Branching it self into five Streamlets, is joyned with as many Stone-bridges, and thereof giveth the name of Tunbridge to the Town there situate, as the Town of Bridges. This, about King William Rufus’s time, Richard Son of Count Gilbert, Grandchild to Godfrey Earl of Ewe and Lord of Briony, &c.
22. England — Shortly after, he built here a fair large Castle, fenced with the river, a deep ditch, and strong Walls. And albeit it is now ruinous, and the Keep attir’d with Ivy, yet it manifestly sheweth what it was.
23. Glocester — And sirnam’d de Clare (for that they were Lords of Clare in Suffolk) built here a Priory for Canons of St. Austin’s Order, founded the Parish-Church, which was impropriated to the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, and compounded about the Tenure of the Manour, for which there had been long suit.
28. Children — From those Clares Earls of Glocester, it came by an heir general to Sir Hugh Audley Earl of Glocester, and by his only daughter to the Earls of Stafford, who were afterward Dukes of Buckingham; and from them, by attainder, to the Crown. It hath in latter ages been beholden to Sir Andrew Jude of London for a fair Free-School, and to John Wilford for a Causey toward London. Three miles directly south from hence, in the very limit of Sussex, and near Frant, I saw in a white sandy ground divers vasty, craggy stones of strange forms, whereof two of the greatest stand so close together, and yet severe’d with so streight a line, as you would think they had been sawed asunder: and Nature, when she reared these, might seem sportingly to have thought of a Sea.
52. Forward — From Tunbridge, Medway passeth by Haudelo, from whence came that John Haudelo, who happily marrying the heir of the Lord Burnell, had issue by her a Son, who was called Nicholas, summon’d to Parliament among the Barons, by the name of Burnell. Then Medway, encreased with another Water call’d Twist, which twisteth about and insulateth a large Plot of good ground, runneth on not far from Mereworth, &c.
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226. 72. Medway — Having receiv’d a Rivulet, that loseth it self under-ground, and riseth again at Loose, serving thirteen Fulling-mills.
227. 16. Town — For the fair Stone-bridge, it hath been beholding to the Archbishops of Canterbury. Among whom, to grace this place of the confluence of waters, Boniface of Savoy built a small College.
23. Islip — And between them, which it standeth in plight, William Courtney erected a fair Collegiate Church, in which he so great a Prelate, and so high born, lieth lowly entomb’d.
48. County — And it hath been endow’d with sundry Privileges by King Edward the sixth, incorporated by the name of Mayor and Jurates; all which, in short time, they lost by favouring Rebels. But Queen Elizabeth amply restor’d them, &c.
229. 57. For, Edward — Sir Edward.

Fin. Mich. II Edw. II.
Merlay — Here under is Ulcomb, anciently a Mansion of the Family De Sancto Leodegario, commonly called Sentleger and Sellinger; and Motinden, where Sir R. Rockesley descended from Kriol and Crevecer built a house, who held Lands at Seaton by Serjeanty to be Vantrarius Regis, when the King goeth into Gascoin, donec perusus fuerit pari solutarum pretii 4 d. which, as they that understand Law-Latin (for I do not) translate, that he should be the King’s fore-footman, until he had worn out a pair of Shooes prized 4
230. 27. House — Now decay’d; whose Son Sir Thomas enrich’d by an heir of Sir T. Haut, proposing to himself great hopes upon fair pretences, pitifully overthrew himself and his State.
48. Where — Under the side of a Hill, —— but not so artificially with mortis and tenents.
53. House — In Ailsford it self, for the Religious House of the Carmelites founded by Richard Lord Grey of Codnor in the time of King Henry the third, is now seen a fair habitation of Sir William Siddey a learned Knight, painfully and expencefully studious of the common good of his Country, as both his endow’d House for the poor, and the Bridge here, with the common voice do plentifully testifie.
231. 2. Burgundy — Medway having wound himself higher, from the east receiveth a Brook springing near Wrotham or Wirtham, so named for plenty of Worts, where the Archbishops had a Palace until Simon Islip pull’d it down, leaveth Malling, which grew to be a Town after Gundulph Bishop of Rochester had there founded an Abbey of Nuns, and watereth Leibourn, which hath a Castle sometime the Seat of a Family thereof sirnamed, out of which Sir Roger Leibourn was a great Agent in the Barons Wars, and William was a Parliamentary Baron in the time of King Edward the first.
4. Birling — Now the habitation of the Lord Abergeveny.
35. Encompass’d — With a marsh, river, &c.
56. Gundulphus — A Norman.
70. Rufus — At which time there passed a Proclamation thro’ England, That whosoever would not be reputed a Niding, should repair to recover Rochester-Castle: whereupon the youth fearing that name, most reproachful and opprobrious in that Age, swarm’d thither in such numbers, that Odo was enforced to yield the place.
232. 2. For, Robert — Sir Robert.
20. Montefort — Earl of Leicester.
26. Cobham — Which was after repair’d. But, in the time of King Richard the second, Sir Robert, &c.
28. Honour — At the end of the said Bridge, Sir John Cobham, who much further’d the Work, erected a Chapel (for our Elders built no notable bridge

Page. Line. without a Chapel;) upon which, besides the Arms of Saints, are seen the Arms of the King and his three Uncles then living. And long after, Archbishop Warham, copied a great part of the said Bridge with iron-bars.
232. 45. Dock — At Gillingham and Chetham.
51. Bank — At Upnore.
233. 54. For, Edward — Sir Edward.
59. For, Philip — Sir Philip.
234. 62. Neighbourhood — With his new Mayor and Corporation — which, as some write, was so called for that Hengist built it by a measure of thongs cut out of a Beast’s hide, when Vortigern gave so much Land to fortify upon, as he could encompass with a Beast’s hide cut into thongs. Since the Conquest, &c.
235. 2. Seditious — Sir Bartholomew Lord Badilsmere.
3. Had —Sir Giles Lord Badilsmere.
8. Of — Sir John.
10. Noblemen — Then saw I Tenham, not commended for Health, but the Parent as it were of all the choice Fruit-gardens and Orchards of Kent, and the most large and delightsome of them all, planted in the time of King Henry the eighth by Richard Harris his Fruiterer, to the publick good; for thirty Parishes thereabout are replenished with Cherry-gardens, and Orchards beautifully disposed in direct lines.
236. 41. Show — Who had the Command then of nine ports, as the Lord Warden hath now of five Ports.
237. 11. Deriv’d — From the Salt savoury Oysters there dredged.
52. Of — Eustace.
55. Miracles — As how the blind by drinking thereof recovered sight, the dumb their Speech, the deaf their Hearing, the lame their Limbs. And how a Woman possess’d of the Devil, sipping thereof vomited two Toads; which immediately were first transformed into huge black Dogs and again into Asses. And much more no less strange than ridiculous, which some in that age as easily believ’d, as others falsely forg’d. Thence, the Stour leaving East-well, the inhabitation of the Family of the Finches, worshipful of it self, and by descent from Philip Belknap and Peoplesham; goeth on to Chilham, &c.
67. Scotland — Afterward, of Sir Alexander Baliol, who was called to Parliament by the name of Lord of Chilham.
238. 6. To — Sir Bartholomew.
239. 4. Says — Four hundred years since.
13. Austin — The Apostle, as they called him.
242. 65. Sturemouth — Which it hath now forsaken a mile and more, yet left and bequeathed his name to it.
Inq.2 Edw. III. But now by Stoure-mouth runneth a Brook, which issuing out of St. Eadburgh’s Well at Liming, (where the daughter to King Ethelbert, first of our Nation took the Veil) while it seeketh the Sea, seeth Elham a Market-town, of which I have read nothing, but that the Manour was the inheritance of Julian Leibourn, a Lady of great honour in her time, who was mother of Laurence Hastings first Earl of Pembroke of that sirname, and after wife to William Clinton Earl of Huntington. Then it holdeth his course by divers Villages, which thereof receive the addition of Bourn, as Bishops-Bourn, Hawles-bourn, Patricks-bourn, and Beakes-bourn. This Bourn is that river Stoure, as Cæsar calleth it (as I have observ’d travelling lately in these parts) which Cæsar came unto, when he had marched by night almost twelve Italian miles from the Sea-coast, and where he had the first encounter, in his second expedition into Britain, with the Britains, whom he drave into the woods, where they had a place fortified both by nature and men’s labour, with a number of Trees hewen down, and plash’d to foreclose the Entries. But yet the Romans forc’d an entry, drave them out, and thereabout encamped. The place of Camp, as I hear, is near Hardes, a place of ancient Gentlemen of that sirname, descended from Estengrave, Herenged, and the Fitz-Bernards.caesar canute cnut
244. 10. Government — Here also landed Lewis of France, who, called in by the tumultuous Barons of England against King John, published, by their instigation, a pretended right to the Crown of England. For that whereas King John for his notorious Treason against King Richard his brother, absent in the Holy Land, was by his Peers lawfully condemned; and therefore after the death of King Richard, the Right of the Crown was devolved to the Queen of Castile, sister to the said King Richard; and that she and her heirs had convey’d over their right to the said Lewis and his wife her daughter. Also that King John had forfeited his Kingdom both by the murther of his Nephew Arthur, whereof he was found guilty by his Peers in France; and also by subjecting his Kingdoms, which were always free, to the Pope, as much as in him lay, contrary to his Oath at his Coronation, and that without the consent of the Peers of the Realm, &c. Which I leave to Historians, with the success of his Expedition, lest I might seem to digress extraordinarily.
246. 19. Tower — Of rough Flint, and long Britain Bricks — mightily strengthened by tract of time, so that the cement is as hard as the stone. Over the entry whereof is fixed a head of a personage engraven in stone; some say it was Queen Bertha’s head, but I take it to be a Roman work.
54. Sort — In ancient times it sundry times felt the furious Forces of the Danes. Afterward, King Kanutus the Dane, when he had gained the Crown of England, bestow’d it upon Christ’s Church in Canterbury, with the Royalty of the water on each side, so far forth as a Ship being a-float a Man might cast a Danish Hatchet out of the Vessel to the bank. In the Norman Reign it was reckon’d one of the Cinque Ports, and to find five Ships. In the year 1217. Lewis of France, of whom we spake lately, burned it. King Edward the first for a time placed here the Staple; and King Edward the third by exchange re-united it to the Crown. About which time there flourished here a Family sirnamed de Sandwico, which had match’d with one of the Heirs of Creveceur and D’Auranches Lord of Folkeston, and deserved well of this place. In the time of King Henry the sixth it was burned by the French. In our days, Sir Roger Manwood, Chief Baron of the Exchequer, a Native of this place, built and endowed here a Free School; and the Netherlanders have better’d the Town by making and trading of Baies and other Commodities.
247. 27. And — Deale and Walmar three neighbour-Castles.
248. 33. History — But a Topography.
249. 44. Been — Then and many years after, before the Invention of great Ordnance, out of Engines called Ballistæ, like huge Cross-bows, bent by force of two or four men.Ballistae
75. When — Sir Hubert.
250. 8. Cities — And Forts; and could not get this, being manfully defended by the said Sir Hubert de Burgh.
33. Labour — And Sixty three thousand Pounds Charges.
251. 15. Field — If it be not raised with winds and Counter-Seas.
253. 21. Deep — But within half a League to the Southward is 27 Fathom deep, and to the northward twenty five.

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254. 29. Histories — Insomuch that certain Lands were held in Coperland near Dover, by Service to hold the King’s head between Dover and Whitsand, whensoever he cross’d the Sea there, and, &c.
255. 8. Memory — And that Victory so glorious.
19. Dover — Leaving the little Abbey of Bradsole dedicated to St. Radegund, whereof Hugh the first Abbot was Founder.
23. Coins — And British Bricks.
36. To — Sir Hamon Crevequer.
37. To — Sir John.
43. Shore — Turning South-westward, Sandgate-castle, built by King Henry the eighth, defendeth the Coast, and upon a Castle-hill thereby are seen reliques of an ancient Castle.
46. Where — Sir Edward Poinings — and among them of Thomas Lord Poining Lieutenant of Bolen.
48. House — But left it imperfect, when death had bereft him of his only lawful Child, which he had by his lawful Wife the daughter of Sir J. Scot his neighbour at Scots-hall, where the Family of Scots hath lived in worshipful Estimation a long time, as descended from Pasheley and Serjeaux, by Pimpe.
59. It — So are Sea-towns subject to the uncertain Vicissitude of the Sea.
73. Way — Called Stony-Street.
257. 9. It — Certain Laws of Sewers were made in the time of King Henry the third, and, &c.
58. Nose — Before which lieth a dangerous Flat in the Sea.
258. 9. Antiquity — Whereof they shew the Plot.
22. Supplies — Of his own Nation.
39. Of — Sir.
43. Valley — I saw nothing there now, but a mean village with a poor Church; and a wooden Bridge to no great purpose, for a Ferry is in most use, since that the river Rother not containing him self in his Chanel, hath overlaid and is like to endanger and surround the level of rich lands thereby. Whereupon, the Inhabitants of Rhie complain that their haven is not scour’d by the stream of Rother, as heretofore; and the owners here suffer great loss, which their neighbours in Oxeney do fear, if it were remedy’d, would fall upon them: This is a river-Isle ten miles about, encompass’d with the river Rother, dividing his streams, and now brackish, having his name either of mire, which our Ancestors called Hox, or of Oxen, which it feedeth plentifully with rank grass. Opposite to this is, &c.
259. 2. Towns — Sisingherst, a fair House of the Family of Bakers, advanced by Sir John Baker, not long since Chancellour of the Exchequer, and his marriage with a daughter and heir of Dingley. Bengebury, an habitation of the ancient Family of Colepepper; and near adjoining, Hemsted a Mansion of the Guildfords, an old Family, but most eminent since Sir John Guildford was Controuler of the House to King Edward the fourth. For his son and heir Sir Richard Guildford was by King Henry the seventh made Knight of the Garter. Of his Sons again, Sir Edward Guildford was Marshal of Calais, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, and Master of the Ordnance, Father to Jane Dutchess of Northumberland, Wife to Sir J. Dudley Duke of Northumberland, Mother to the late Earls of Warwick and Leicester, and Sir Henry was chosen Knight of the Garter by King Henry the 8th, and had his Arms enobled with a Canton of Granado, by Ferdinand King of Spain, for his worthy Service in that Kingdom when it was recover’d from the Moors; and Edward liv’d in great esteem at home. To be brief, from the said Sir John are issued by Females immediately the Darels of Cale-hill, Gages, Brownes of Beechworth, Walsinghams, Cromers, Isaacs, and Iseleies, Families of prime and principal note in these parts. But now I digress, and therefore crave pardon.
259. 10. Kingdom — Thus much of Kent; which (to conclude summarily) hath this part last spoken of for Drapery; the Isle of Tenet and the east parts for the Granary; the Weald for the Wood; Rumney-marsh for the Meadow-plot; the north Downs towards the Thames for the Conygarthe; Tenham and thereabout for an Orchard, and Head-corne for the brood and poultrey of fat, big, and commended Capons.
13. Godwin — And Leofwin his Brother.
21. Whereupon — Whereupon he was committed to prison by a subtil distinction, as Earl of Kent, and not Bishop of Bayeux, in regard of his Holy Orders.
31. Eyes — And so became a Monk.
47. Third — Who also made him Chief Justice of England.
61. Prison — Persuaded thereto by such as covertly practised his Destruction.
62. John —Who were restored by Parliament to Blood and Land shortly after. And withal it was enacted, That no Peer of the Land, or other that procur’d the death of the said Earl should be impeached therefore, than Mortimer Earl of Marsh, Sir Simon Beresford, John Matravers, Baious and John Devoroil.
66. For — Sir Thomas.
67. Kent — And she after married by dispensation to the Black-Prince, heir to him, King Richard the second.
68. By — Sir Thomas.
73. Beheaded — Leaving no Child.
76. 1408 — Leaving likewise no Issue.
260. 3. First — Sir William.
9. Issue — 1523.
12. Knight — of Wrest.
267. 36. WArwickshire — And Barkshire.
270. 15. Knight — For Sea-Services, as his brother Arthur, slain in Orkney-Isles.
69. By — Sir Walter Clifford.
271. 17. Tract — Beside Newnham a pretty Market, and Westbury thereby, a Seat of the Bainhams of ancient descent.
64. Norman — Lord of Corboile and Thorigny in Normandy, translating Monks from Cranborn in Dorsetshire hither.
273. 15. Severn — Runneth down by Haesfield, which King Henry the third gave to Richard Pauncefote, whose Successors built a fair House here, and whose Predecessors were possess’d of fair Lands in this Country, before, and in the Conqueror’s time, in Wiltshire.
52. Brightstow — And Shirley.
53. Fairford — Fairley, &c.
275. 5. Monument — Who was bereft of the Kingdom of England, for that he was born before his Father was King, depriv’d of his two Sons, the one by strange death in the New Forest, the other despoiled of the Earldom of Flanders, his inheritance, and slain; he himself dispossess’d of the Dukedom of Normandy by his Brother King Henry the first, his eyes pluck’d out, and kept close prisoner twenty six years with all contumelious indignities, until through extream anguish he ended his life.

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276. 69. Streams —Windeth it self by Elmore, a Mansion House of the Gises, ancient by their own lineal descent, being in elder times owners of Apseley-Gise near Brickhill, and from the Beauchamps of Holt, who acknowledge Hubert de Burgo Earl of Kent (whom I lately mention’d) beneficious to them, and testifie the same by their Armories. Lower upon the same side, Stroud a pretty river slideth into Severn out of Coteswold; by Stroud a Market-town sometimes better peopled with Clothiers; and not far from Minching-Hampton, which anciently had a Nunnery, or belong’d to Nuns, whom our Ancestors named Minchings.
277. 15. Family — Descended from Robert Fitz-Harding, to whom King Henry the second gave this place and Barkley-Hearnes. Out of this House descended many Knights and Gentlemen of signal note.
16. Barkley — Who was honoured by King Edward the fourth with the stile of Viscount Barkley, by King Richard the third, with the Honour of Earl of Nottingham (in regard of his Mother, daughter of Thomas Mowbray Duke of Norfolk, and Earl of Nottingham) and by King Henry the seventh with the Office of Marshal of England, and dignity of Marquess Barkley.
279. 28. Testifies — When he had taken down an ancient House which Hugh Audeley Earl of Glocester had formerly built.
280. 24. Lords — Among whom Sir Thomas was summon’d among the Barons in the time of King Edward the third.
56. Name — But from Ralph Russel the heir, this Deorham descended to the Family of Venis. Above these is Sodbury, known by the family of Walsh; and neighbours thereunto are Wike-ware the ancient seat of the Family De-la-Ware; Woton under Edge, which yet remembereth the slaughter of Sir Thomas Talbot Viscount Lisle, here slain in the time of King Edward the fourth, in an encounter with the Lord Barkley, about possessions, since which time have continued Suits between their Posterity, until now lately they were finally compounded.
281. 25. Duresley — Who built here a Castle now more than ruinous.
26. Order — Derived from Tintern, whom Maud the Empress greatly enrich’d. The males of this House failed in the time of King Richard the second, and the Heir-General was married to Cantelow. Within one mile of this, where the river Cam lately spoken of, springeth, is Uleigh, a Seat also of the Barkleys descended from the Barons Barkley, stiled of Uleigh, and Stoke-Giffard, who were found Coheirs to J. Baron Boutetort, descended from the Baron Zouch of Richard Castles aliàs Mortimer, and the Somerys Lords of Dueley.
65. Hills — Without Woods.
74. Antiquity — Beginning at the north-east end of them.
282. 1. Town — Weston and Biselay were in the possession of Hugh Earl of Chester.
4. Descended — By Nicalao de Albeniaco, an Inheritrice to the ancient Earls of Arundel, unto Roger de Somery.
30. Romans — Who was there buried with his wife Sanchia daughter to the Earl of Provence.
33. Divinity — As he carried away the sirname of Doctor Irrefragabilis, that is, the Doctor Ungainsaid, as he could not be gainsaid.
46. Seat — Of Sir Thomas Seimor, Baron Seimor of Sudley, and Admiral of England, attainted in the time of King Edward the sixth, and afterward of Sir John Bruges, whom Queen Mary, &c.
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282. 54. John Chandos — Sir John, a famous Banneret Lord of Caumont and Kerkitou in France.
64. For, William — Sir William.
68. Sudley — With a fee of two hundred Marks yearly.
283. 38. Glocester — Thence I found nothing memorable, but near the Fountain of Churn river, Coberley, a Seat of a Stem of Barkleis, so often named even from the Conquest, which matched with an heir of Chandos, and so came hereditarily to the Bruges Progenitors to the Lords Chandos. Then, by Bird-lip-hill, whereby we ascended to this high Coteswold.
284. 21. Hills — Near Corberley.
285. 11. Gurmundus — So that it may seem he was that Gurmund which they so much speak of; for certes when he raged, about the year 879. a rabblement of Danes rousted here one whole year.
15. Second — For black Canons.
39. Kent — Late Duke of Surrey.
ibid. Huntingdon — Late Duke of Exeter.
286. 36. Miles — Near to Dounamveny, an ancient Seat of the Hungerfords.
288. 14. Honour — Who dejected with comfortless grief, when death had deprived him of his only son and heir, assured his estate, with his eldest daughter, to John son to King Henry the second, with certain Proviso’s for his other daughters.
15. Families — John, when he had obtain’d the Kingdom, repudiated her upon pretences as well that she was barren, as that they were within prohibited degrees of consanguinity: and reserving the Castle of Bristow to himself, after some time passed over his repudiated wife, with the honour of Glocester, to Geoffry Mandevile, son of Geoffry Fitz-Peter Earl of Essex, for twenty thousand marks; who thus over-marrying himself, was greatly impoverished, and wounded in Tournament, died soon after without issue: she being remarried to Hubert of Burgh, died immediately.
24. Mabel — The eldest.
30. Glocester — Who was stiled Earl of Glocester and Hereford, and mightily enrich’d his House by marrying one of the heirs of William Marshall Earl of Pembroke. His Son and Successor Richard, in the beginning of the Barons Wars against King Henry the third, ended his life, leaving Gilbert his Son to succeed him, who powerfully and prudently swayed much in the said Wars, as he enclined to them or the King. He, obnoxious to King Edward the first, surrender’d his Lands unto him, and receiv’d them again by marrying Joan the King’s daughter (sirnamed of Acres in the Holy Land, because she was there born) to his second wife, who bore unto him Gilbert Clare, last Earl of Glocester of this sirname, slain in the flower of his youth in Scotland, at the battle of Sterling, in the sixth year of King Edward the second.
34. For, Ralph — Sir Ralph.
37. First — For which he incurr’d the King’s high displeasure, and a short imprisonment; but after reconciled, was summoned to Parliaments by the name of Earl of Glocester and Hereford. But when Gilbert was out of minority, he was summoned among the Barons by the name of Sir Ralph de Mont-hermer as long as he lived: which I note more willingly for the rareness of the example.
42. Issue — Sir Hugh Le de Spencer.
47. Was — Sir Hugh Audley.
75. De-Spencer — In the right of his Great Grandmother.
76. Grandfather — Sir Hugh.

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288. ult. Bristol — By the people’s fury.
289. 3. Himself — In the first year of King Henry the sixth (as I have seen in an Instrument of his, Humphrey, by the Grace of God, Son, Brother and Uncle to Kings, Duke of Glocester, Earl of Hainault, Holland, Zeeland, and Pembroke, Lord of Friseland, Great Chamberlain of the Kingdom of England, Protector and Defender of the same Kingdom and Church of England.
7. Contrivance — Of a Woman.
294. 43. COnfirmed — To the Benedictine Monks.
295. ibid. Intimates — Certainly in an Exchequer-book the Town adjacent is called Rollendrich, whereas it is there specified Turstan le Despenser held Land by Serjeanty of the King’s Dispensary; i.e. to be the Kings Steward.
297. 58. Remarkable — But la Bruer, now Bruern, sometime an Abbey of White Monks.
299. 40. Well — We read, that Hugh Bishop of Lincoln, Diocesan of this place coming hither, caused her Bones to be removed out of the Church, as unworthy of Christian burial for her unchaste life. Nevertheless, the holy Sisters there translated them again into the Church; and laid them up in a perfumed leather Bag enclos’d in Lead, as was found in her Tomb at the dissolution of the House: and they erected a Cross there, whereby the Passengers were put in mind with two rhiming Verses to serve God, and pray for her: but I remember them not.
301. 5. Place — Near to Banbury is Hanwell, where the Family of Cope hath flourished many years in great and good esteem.
17. Sixth — Who was cruelly beheaded by a rabble of Rebels in the time of King Henry the sixth.
20. Stands — Haford-warine, so denominated from Warine Fitz-Gerold Lord thereof. Heyford Purcell likewise, so named of the Purceils or de Porcellis, ancient Gentlemen, the old owners. Blechingdon, an ancient possession of the Family of Povre.
308. 52. College — And these two were the first endow’d Colleges for Students in Christendom.
310. 6. Hither — Recall’d by Proclamation directed to the High-Sheriff of Lincolnshire, upon penalty to forfeit their Books and the King’s displeasure.
14. Winchester — And he about the same, by the tract of the City wall, built a fair high wall, embattled and turretted.
57. Monks — By a Chapter held among them laid their Monies together and encreased Glocester-Hall, built before by John Lord Giffard of Brimsfield for Monks of Glocester.
62. Convents — Nicholas Wadham of Merefield in the County of Somerset hath assign’d a fair portion of Lands and Money for the propagation of Religion and Learning, which I note incidently by way of congratulation to our age, that there are yet some who graciously respect the advancement of good learning.
311. 54. Uses — In the giddy time of King Edward the sixth.
312. 69. Others — For Professors and two hundred Students.
71. Christ-Church — Assign’d to a Dean, Prebends, and Students.
313. 61. Foundation — With good speed and happy success, as I wish.
314. 75. Minutes — And thus much briefly of my dear Nurse-Mother Oxford.
315. 47. Alms-house — But this Title soon determin’d, when he left but Daughters, married into the Families of Norris and Wenman.
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315. 74. Is — Huseley, where sometimes the names of Burentines flourished as at Chalgrave.
320. 35. Lincoln — Who by King Richard the third had been declared heir apparent to the Crown.
41. Battle — At Stoke, and Edmund his brother.
59. Cæsar — Here is Bixbrond and Stonor, ancient possessions of the Families of Stonors, who since the time of King Edward the third, when Sir John Stonor was Chief Justice in the Common Pleas, flourished with great Alliance and fair Revenues, until they were transferred by an heir general to Sir Adrian Fortescue unhappily attainted, whose daughter, heir to her mother, was married to the first Baron Wentworth. Next neighbour hereunto is Pus-hall, which the Family of D’oily held by yielding yearly to the King a Table-cloth of three Shillings price, or Three Shillings for all Services.caesar
321. 69. Enjoy’d —To omit Edgar, Algar, and other English Saxons, Official Earls of Oxford.
322. 35. Banishment — John the first of that name, so trusty and true to the House of Lancaster, that both he and his Son and heir Aubrey lost their heads therefore together, in the first year of King Edward the fourth.
327. 32. WICK — And Comb a low Valley.
74. Family — whose Father Sir Andrew, descended from the old Stem of ancient Barons, King Henry the eighth dignified with the honour of Baron Windsor.
328. 39. Called — And our Tunbridge, and others.
63. By — Burnham, better known by the Hodengs, Lord Huntercombs and Scudamores (who were Lords thereof and of Beconsfield successively by inheritance) than by it self.
329. 21. Missenden — Upon a Vow for escaping Ship-wrack.
39. Adjoyneth — On the one side.
44. Seat — On the other side Chesham Bois, where, and at Draiton Beauchamp the Family of Cheneis hath anciently flourish’d.
330. 13. Bon-hommes — Who profess’d the Rule of St. Austin.
35. Bernwood — Whose Foresters surnam’d de Borstal were famous in former times. Nigell de Borstall was so sirnamed from having killed a wild Boar in that Forest, for which he had from the King one Hide of arable Land, call’d Dere-hyde; and on that he built a Mansion, and call’d it Bore-stale in memory of the slain Boar.
331. 45. Staffords — Of Grafton, &c.
332. 10. Conquest — Whose Son, the second Earl of Buckingham, and Ermingard his wife, built the Abbey of Noteley thereby in the year 1112.
16. Whitchurch — Near unto which is Ascot, the principal Mansion-house of the Dormers, from whence descended the Dutchess of Fesia in Spain, and others of noble note.
61. Rumbald — A child.
63. Saint — Child-Saint, and much fam’d with many Miracles.
333. 51. Exchequer — And of the Dutchy of Lancaster.
54. Are — Stow of the Family of the Temples.
55. Seat — Of the Greenwaies.
334. 33. Wolverton — Anciently Wolverington, the Seat of an ancient Family so sirnam’d, whose Lands are nam’d in Records, The Barony of Wolverington, from whom it came to the House of Longvilles of ancient descent in these parts.

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334. 75. Dy’d — Issueless.
ult. Pembroke — Called Conqueror of Ireland.
335. 10. Sixth — With an invidious precedence before all Dukes in England.
336. 4. Said — As it is written in his Life.
5. England — To the name Buckingham, and, &c.
9. Stafford — Whereas they were stiled before Dukes of Buckingham, Earls of Stafford, Hereford, Northampton and Perch; Lords of Brecknock, Kimbolton and Tunbridge.
41. BEholders — They who saw it, took it as a plain Presage of the Division ensuing.
51. Nobility — Whose Barony consisted of three hundred Knight-fees in divers Countreys.
ibid. Castle — Which is now hereditarily descended to Sir R. Chetwood Knight; as the Inheritance of the Chetwoods came formerly to the Wahuls.
62. Wales — In Glamorganshire.
64. Memory — When she created Sir Oliver, the second Baron of her Creation, Lord St. John of Bletnesho, unto whom it came by, &c.
337. 25. Hastens — By Brumham, a Seat of the Dives, of very ancient parentage in these parts.
339. 64. Town — Wardon more inward, where was a House of Cistercian Monks, and was Mother to the Abbeys of Saultry, Sibton, and Tilthey.
72. Hill — A parcel of the Barony of Kainho.
75. By — Sir John.
340. 4. Kent — Whose grandchild Ruthin passed both it and Ruthin over to Henry the seventh.
55. For, H. — Henry.
67. Cheney — Made by Queen Elizabeth Baron Cheyney of Tuddington, built, and shortly after dy’d sans-issue.
77. Winter-time — For the old Englishmen, our Progenitors, call’d deep Mire, Hock and Hocks.
341. 18. Carry’d — Out of Lincolnshire.
57. Immunities — As for Leighton-Buzard on the one side of Dunstable, and Luton on the other; neither have I read nor seen any thing memorable in them, unless I should say, that at Luton I saw a fair Church, but the Quire then roofless and overgone with Weeds; and adjoyning to it an elegant Chapel founded by J. Lord Wenlock, and well maintain’d by the Family of Rotheram, planted here by Thomas Rotheram Archbishop of York, and Chancellor of England in the time of King Edward the fourth.
342. 35. France — Son to Engelrame Lord of Coucy, and his wife daughter to the Duke of Austria.
41. France — Slain.
65. But — Some ten years after his Creation.
70. Son — Sir Francis.
345. 8. PLACE — Which was thought in that age a pious Work, to put Passengers in mind of Christ’s Passion.
11. Honour — Of Thomas of Canterbury.
34. That — Sir John.
45. To — Sir Robert.
53. To — Sir Anthony.
65. Felbridge — The Manour of Barkway hereby appertain’d also to those Lords Scales, a well known Thorough-fare. Beyond which, is Barley, that imparted sirname to the ancient and well allied Family of the Barleys; and on this side Anestie, which was not long since the Inheritance of the House of York: and in elder times, the Castle there was a Nest of Rebels; wherefore Nicholas of Anestie Lord thereof, was expressly commanded by Henry the third, to demolish so much of it as they rais’d since the Barons wars against his Father King John. But now time hath wholly rased it all.
346. 53. Is — Sir Giles.
75. Littons — Descended from Litton in Derbyshire.
348. 13. Burgesses — And at that time Ralph Limsey a Nobleman built here a Cell for St. Alban’s Monks.
74. Hither — and knowne by a Frierie which he founded:
349. 64. Castle — And also Woodhall, an habitation of the Butlers, who being branch’d from Sir Ralph Butler Baron of Wem in Shropshire, and his wife heir to William Pantulfe Lord of Wem, were Lords of Pulre-bach, and enrich’d much by an heir of Sir Richard Gobion, and another of Peletot Lord of this place in the time of King Edward the third.
69. Bland — Whereupon also neighboureth Standon, with a seemly House built by Sir Ralph Sadleir, Chancellour of the Dutchy of Lancaster, Privy Counsellor to three Princes, and the last Knight Banneret of England; a man so advanc’d for his great Services and stay’d wisdom.
71. Account — That Geffrey Earl of Britain gave it to Gerard, &c.
350. 27. It — From thence it maketh his way by Sabridgworth, a parcel of the honour of Earl William Mandevile, and sometime the possession of Geffry Say, near Shingle-hall, honested by the owners the Leventhorpes of ancient Gentry. So on, not far from Honsdon, &c.
49. Thames — Under Hodsdon, a fair through-fair, to which H. Bourchier Earl of Essex, having a fair House at Baise thereby (while it stood) procured a Market.
356. 72. Where — Sir Nicholas.
357. 8. Place — From Mergrate, sometime a Religious House, now a Seat of the Ferrers, out of the House of Groby.
358. 34. Cornwal — His half-brother.
50. Devonshire — And the Beauforts Dukes of Somerset.
359. 11. Son — Sir Charles.
360. 16. Under — Barnet hath for his neighbours Mimmes, a Seat of the worshipful Family of the Coningsbies, descended to them by Frowick from the Knolles, ancient possessors thereof; and North-hall, where Ambrose Dudley, last Earl of Warwick, raised a stately House from the Foundations.
46. Honoured — Sir Edward.
49. Somerset — By King Edward the sixth.
365. 14. COLE — Which the Britains called Co.
32. Of — Count.
34. Uxbridge — Anciently Woxbridge.
367. 33. Was — Made an Honour.
368. 31. For — To the Honour of our Saviour, the Virgin Mary, and, &c.
33. Call’d — Jesu of.
49. House — Under this the small river Brent issueth into the Thames, and springeth out of a Pond vulgarly call’d Brown’s-well for Brent-well, that is in old English Frogwell, passeth down between Hendon, which Archbishop Dunstan, born for the advancement of Monks, purchased for some

few gold Bizantines, which were Imperial pieces of Gold coined at Byzantium or Constantinople, and gave to the Monks of StPeter of Westminster. And Hampsted-hill, from whence you have a most pleasant prospect to the most beautiful City of London, and the lovely Country about it. Over which the ancient Roman Military way led to Verulam or St. Albans by Edgworth, and not by High-gate, as now, which new way was open’d by the Bishops of London about some three hundred years since. But to return. Brent, into whom all the small rivers of these parts resort, runneth on by Brent-street, an Hamlet to which it imparted its name, watereth Hangerwood, Hanwell, Oisterley-Park, where Sir Thomas Gresham built a fair large House; and so near her fall into the Thames, giveth name to Brentford, a fair thorough-fare and frequent Market.
369. 30. And — To the Thames-side.
34. Seat — Standing there conveniently, not far from the City, albeit not so healthfully.
45. Thames — (As some suppose) but in Records ’tis nam’d Chelche-hith.
370. 40. Inconstancy — While I disport in Conjecture.
371. 53. Omen — Mark’d for life and long continuance.
58. Nero — 1540. years since.
373. 27. One — Francerius Falconer Lord Mayor, A.D. 1414.
34. Elbegate — Which at this present is by the Cities Charge re-edify’d.
374. 4. London — And amongst them, Robert Fitz-Walter had Licence of King Edward the first to sell the site of Bainard-Castle to the said Archbishop Robert.
379. 26. Knight — A right noble Knight of the Garter executed by encroached Authority without the King’s Consent.
27. For, J. de — Sir John de Bellocampo or Beauchamp.
32. And — Sir Christopher Hatton.
379. 35. Nephew — Sir William Hatton.
380. 40. Design’d — The good of England against those spoilers.
382. 7. Chancery — Besides two Inns moreover for the Serjeants at Law.
11. As — Sir John Fortescue.
20. For — At their first Institution about A.D. 1113.
24. Religion — The Holy Land.
26. Mahometans — Professing to live in Charity and Obedience.
28. Princes — Devout People.
30. Piety — Yea and in the opinion, both of the holiness of the men and of the place, King Henry the third, &c.
37. William — Marshal the elder a most powerful man in his time.
39. Pembroke — Upon William the elder his Tomb I some years since read in the upper part Comes Pembrochiæ, and upon the side this Verse: pembrochiae
Miles eram Martis, Mars multos vicerat armis.
ibid. But — But in process of time, when with insatiable greediness they had hoarded great wealth by withdrawing Tithes from Churches, appropriating spiritual Livings to themselves, and other hard means, their riches turn’d to their ruin. For thereby their former piety was after a manner stifled; they fell at jarr with other Religious Orders; their professed Obedience to the Patriarch of Jerusalem was rejected, envy among the common Sort was procured, which hope of gain among the better sort so enkindled, that, &c.
382. 50. That — Sir Hugh Spencer.
52. Of — Sir Aimer de Valencia or Valence.
58. Grey — Of Wilton.
383. 38. House — Or Salisbury-Court.
39. Salisbury — The White-Fryers, or, &c.
40. Mentioned — Then without the Barrs.
41. House — Before called Hampton-place.
49. Hospital — Worcester-house, late Bedford-house, Salisbury-house.
51. Jerusalem — And thereby the only Ornament of this part, the Britain-Burse built by the Earl of Salisbury, and so named of King James the first.
52. Formerly — And Northampton-house, now begun by Henry Earl of Northampton.
385. 9. It — Surrender’d it to the Spoil of Courtiers.
20. Dean — Over these she placed Dr. Bill Dean, whose Successor was, &c.
55. First — And first Christian.
70. Elizabeth — Daughter to King Edward the fourth.
387. 45. Fourth — Sir Giles Daubeney.
58. Sussex — James Butler.
62. Another — Sir Humfrey Bourchier.
63. Barnet — Sir Nicholas Carew, Baron Carew.
67. Douglasia — H. Howard.
69. Of — Sir Arthur Gorges.
71. Cecil — Sir John Puckering.
388. 4. Pyramid — Sir Charles Blunt, Earl, &c.
57. College — Of a Dean and, &c.
389. 5. Edward — Because the Tradition holds, that the said King Edward therein dy’d.
10. Arch-traitor — Robert Catesby.
390. 23. St James’sWhere anciently was a Spittle for Maiden Lepers.
391. 48. Oldburn — Wherein stood anciently the first House of Templers only in the place now called Southampton-House.
61. Institution — About the year 1124. and long after.
66. Temple — This religious Order was instituted shortly after Geoffry of Bollen had recover’d Jerusalem. The Brethren whereof wore a white Cross upon their upper black garment, and by solemn Profession were bound to serve Pilgrims and poor People in the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, and to secure the passages thither: they charitably buried the dead; they were continual in prayer, mortified themselves with watchings and fastings: they were courteous and kind to the poor, whom they called their Masters, and fed with white Bread, while themselves liv’d with brown, and carried themselves with great austerity. Whereby they purchased to themselves the love and liking of all Sorts.
392. 11. By — Sir Walter Many.
75. To — Sir Peregrine Berty.
393. 20. Ways — To put Passengers in mind that they are, as those were, subject to mortality.
394. 21. For — Black Canons.
395. 6. By — Sir Thomas Knowles.
41. Company — Commonly called the Stil-yard, as the Easterlings-yard.
56. Rome — As great and holy as it is.
397. 8. Stephen — About four hundred years since.
398. 44. County — When it hath collected his divided Stream, and cherished fruitful Marish-Meadows.
58. Seventh — And Durance neighbour thereto a House of the Wrothes of ancient name in this County.
ult. Essex — As for the title of Middlesex, the Kings of England have vouchsafed to none, neither Duke, Marquess, Earl, or Baron.


405. 60. CROSS — Found far westward, and brought hither, as they write, by Miracles.
66. In — Sir Edward.
407. 15. By — So it passeth by Lambourn Manour, which is held by service of the Wardstaffe, viz. to carry a load of Straw in a Cart with six horses, two ropes, two men in harness to watch the said Wardstaffe, when it is brought to the Town of Aibridge, &c. and then by Wansted Park, where the late Earl of Leicester built much for his pleasure.
408. 34. To — Sir Thomas.
38. Descended — Here I have heard much speech of a Lawless-Court (as they called it) holden in a strange manner about Michaelmas in the first peep of the day, upon the first cock-crowing in a silent sort; yet with shrew’d fines eftsoons redoubled if not answered; which servile attendance, they say, was imposed upon certain Tenants thereabout, for conspiring there, at such unseasonable time, to raise a commotion. But I leave this, knowing neither the original nor the certain form thereof. Only I heard certain obscure barbarous Rhimes of it; Curia de Domino Rege tenetur sine Lege Ante ortum solis, luceat nisi polus, &c. not worth remembering.
409. 15. To — Sir Thomas.
23. Brentwood — Called by the Normans Bois arse in the same sense; and by that name King Stephen granted a Market and a Fair there, to the Abbot of St. Osith: and many years after, Isabel Countess of Bedford, Daughter to King Edward the third, built a Chapel to the memory of St. Thomas of Canterbury, for the ease of the Inhabitants.
410. 61. Knight — Created by our Sovereign King James, &c.
411. 19. Born — Sir Robert de Essex.
28. Till — Sir Hubert de Burgh.
412. 7. Design — Yet there remaineth a huge ruin of a thick Wall, where-by many Roman Coins have been found.
413. 53. Us — At this Town, the first William de Mandevill Earl of Essex began a Castle; and two, &c.
58. Essex — Who founded here a College.
414. 7. And — Sir Payne.
66. John — Sirnamed Scot.
76. Father — Sir William.
415. 7. Engerston — Where he lieth buried.
28. Monks — And the habitation of ancient Knights thence sirnamed de Cogeshall, from whose Heir General, married into the old Family of Tirrel, there branched forth a fair propagation of the Tirrels in this Shire and elsewhere. Then, goeth on this water by Easterford; some call it East-Sturford.
44. To — Sir Thomas.
418. 60. Length — Upon the ridge of an Hill answerable to the termination of Dunum, which signified an hilly and high situation, wherein I saw nothing memorable, unless I should mention two silly Churches, a desolate place of White-Friers, and a small pile of Bricks built not long since by R. Darcy, which name hath been respective hereabout. Hence passing down over the brackish water divided into two streamlets, by High-bridge, &c.
419. 28. Purpose — Yet I will here impart what I incidentally happen’d upon in a private Note which I was inquisitive here about for Ad Ansam. In a place call’d Westfield, three quarters of a mile distant from Cogeshall, and belonging to the Abbey there, was found by touching of a Plough a great brazen Pot. The Ploughmen, supposing it to have been hid treasure, sent for the Abbot of Cogeshall to see the taking up of it; and he going thither met with Sir Clement Harleston, and desired him also to accompany him thither. The mouth of the Pot was closed with a white substance like paste or clay, as hard as burn’d Brick; when that by force was remov’d, there was found within it another Pot, but that was of earth; that being opened, there was found in it a lesser Pot of earth of the quantity of a gallon, cover’d with a matter like velvet, and fasten’d at the mouth with a silk Lace. In it they found some whole bones, and many pieces of small bones wrapp’d up in fine Silk of fresh colour, which the Abbot took for the Reliques of some Saints, and laid them up in his vestuary.
420. 47. Oxford — Who procured a Market thereunto.
50. Famous — Sir [John Hawkwood.]
ult. Save — This renown’d Knight thus celebrated abroad, was forgotten at home, save that some of his kind soldierly followers founded a Chantery at Castle-Heningham for him, and for two of his military Companions, John Oliver, and Thomas Newenton, Esquires.
421. 24. Vere — In the time of King Henry the first.
66. Wars — And long after Maud the Empress gave it to Alberic Vere to assure him to her Party.
422. 62. Sixth — When he created Sir Thomas Darcy his Counsellor, Vice-Chamberlain, and Captain of the Guard, Lord Darcy of Chich.
423. 58. Lies — The Town is not great, but well peopled, fortified by Art and Nature, and made more fencible by Queen Elizabeth. The Salt water so creeketh about it, that it almost insulateth it, but thereby maketh the Springs so brackish that there is a defect of fresh water, which they fetch some good way off.
424. 73. Barony — From whom the Wentworths of Gosfield are descended.
425. 16. Saffron-Walden — Incorporated by King Edward the sixth with a Treasurer, two Chamberlains and the Commonalty.
20. Monastery — Founded in a place very commodious in the year 1136.
47. From — Sir Thomas.
59. Chamberlain — Who in this place hath begun a magnificent Building.
426. 3. Saffron — A Commodity brought into England in the time of Edward the third.
50. To — Sir Robert Fitz-Roger.
73. By — Sir George Vere.
427. 6. Of — Sir Henry Pole.
9. Blood — Neither is Hatfield Regis, commonly called of a broad spread Oak Hatfield Brad-Oak, to be omitted; where Robert Vere Earl of Oxford built a Priory, and there lyeth entomb’d cross-legg’d with a French Inscription, wherein he is noted to be first of that name Robert, and third Earl of Oxford.
17. Stephen — Despoiled of his estate.
28. Tree — For in a reverent awe of the Church they durst not bury him, because he died excommunicated.
29. Sons — Geoffrey his Son, who was restored by Henry the second to his Father’s Honours and Estate for him and his heirs; William, who by his wife was also Earl of Albemarle.
49. Service — And so was girt with the Sword of the Earldom of Essex by King John at the Solemnity of his Coronation. This Geoffrey Fitz-Petre was advanced to the high Estate of Justicer of England by King Richard the first, when he

Page. Line. removed Hubert Archbishop of Canterbury from that Office by the Pope’s peremptory command; for that Bishops ought not to intermeddle in secular Affairs. This place the said Geoffry Fitz-Petre executed with great commendation, preserving by his wisdom the Realm from that confusion, which it after fell into by King John’s unadvised carriage.
427. 53. These — By his wife, was Earl of Glocester also and, &c.
56. To — Their Sister’s son.
428. 3. To — Sir William.
8. Fourth — In regard he had married his Aunt, and was descended from Thomas of Woodstock.
27. Essex — Sir William.
435. 13. VEterans — Planted at Maldon abovesaid.
439. 14. Sueno — Being terrified with a Vision of St. Edmund.
27. Seen — And Abbot Newport, in like manner walled in the Abbey.
440. 13. Getting — Through the means of St. Edmund’s Shrine, and the Monument of Alan Rufus Earl of Britain and Richmond; Sir Thomas of Brotherton, son to King Edward the first, Earl of Norfolk, and Marshal of England; Thomas of Beaufort, Duke of Exeter; William Earl of Stafford; Mary Queen Dowager of France, daughter to King Henry the seventh, and many other illustrious Personages there interred.
74. Heirs — Afterward, both here at Haulsted near Rougham, and elsewhere, the Family of Drury (which signifies in old English a precious Jewel) hath been of great reputation; more especially since they were marry’d with the Heiress of Fresil of Saxham.
441. 54. Clarence — With a fuller sound than that of Clare.
442. 22. Normandy — As also Lord High Steward of England, and Earl of Albemarle.
443. 2. Marks — No small Wealth, as the Standard was then. From a younger brother or cadet of this House of Montchensie, issu’d by an heir-general the Family of the Waldgraves, who having long flourish’d in Knightly degree at Smaltbridge nearer to Stour, as another Family of great account in elder ages at Buers, which was thereof sirnamed.
36. Nettlested — Whence was Sir Thomas Wentworth, whom King Henry the eighth honour’d with the title of Baron Wentworth.
44. Kingdom — But to return to the river Breton, on the banks of another Brook that is joyn’d thereto, stands Lancham, a fair Market-town; and near it the Manour of Burnt-Elleie, to which King Henry the third granted a Market at the request of Sir Henry Shelton Lord thereof, whose posterity flourish’d here for a long time.
57. Runs — Runs swiftly by Higham, whence the Family of Higham takes its name, to Stour, &c.
62. Bacons — Who held this Manour of Brome, by conducting all the Footmen of Suffolk and Norfolk from St. Edmund’s-dike, in the Wars of Wales.
444. 26. Leicester — During the intestine War between King Henry the second and his disloyal son.
445. 60. Frevil — Barkley of Stoke.
446. 36. Bigods — Through the Bounty of King Henry the first.
447. 7. Family — Descended from the Bacons and Brandons.
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449. 27. Place — On the farthest part of the same Promontory, stands Easton, a Village of Fishermen almost entirely swallowed-up of the Sea; and on the southern side thereof, Southwold, &c.
450. 60. He — Having surrender’d his Estate to King Henry the second.
452. 59. Merchant — Michael his Son being restor’d, dy’d at the Siege of Harflew; and within the space of one month, his Son Michael was in like manner slain in the battle of Agincourt, leaving Daughters only.
63. Suffolk — As also Earl of Pembroke.
453. 16. People — Insomuch that being vehemently accus’d of Treason, and Misprisions, and on that account summon’d to appear before the King and Lords in Parliament assembled; after having answer’d the Articles objected, he referr’d himself to the King’s Order. Whereupon the Chancellor by his Majesty’s Special Command, pronounc’d, That whereas the Duke did not put himself on his Peers, the King (as for what related to the Articles of Treason) would remain doubtful; and with respect to those of Misprision, not as a Judge by advice of the Lords, but as a Person to whose order the Duke had voluntarily submitted himself, did banish him from the Realms, and all other his Dominions, for five years. But he was surpriz’d, &c.
27. Cut-off — In the battle at Stoke.
55. Upon — Sir Charles.
58. Marriage — And granted to him all the Honours and Manours which Edmund Earl of Suffolk had forfeited.
61. Sickness — On one day.
457. 35. COnsul — Which name may intimate that it was a Roman town.
458. 51. Of — Sir John.
56. And — Sir Thomas Knevet, Lord Knevet.
459. 18. Upon — Sir Richard Lucy.
25. Be — Harleston — a good Market and, &c.
41. Mareschals — To the Lord Morleys.
47. Burdos — Or Burdelos.
50. Him — Joint-neighbour to Skulton, is Wood-rising, the fair Seat of the Family of Southwells, which received the greatest Reputation and Increase from Sir Richard Southwell, Privy-Counsellor to King Edward the sixth, and his brother Sir Robert Master of the Rowles.
67. Here — Which afterwards was advanced to an Abbey.
460. 4. To — Sir Ralph.
62. Course — By Fakenham, which King Henry the first gave to Hugh Capel, and King John, afterward, to the Earl of Arundel.
77. As — Archbishop.
463. 29. Thereof — They obtain’d of King Richard the second, that the Worsted made there might be transported.
42. Of — Of Saies, Baies, and other Stuffs now much in use.
464. 48. Pleas — It receiveth a Brook which passeth by nothing memorable but Halles-hall, and that only memorable for its ancient owner Sir James Hobart Attorney-General, and of the Privy Council to King Henry the seventh (by him dubb’d Knight at such time as he created Henry his son Prince of Wales) who, by building from the ground the fair Church at Loddon being his Parish Church, St. Olave’s Bridge over Waveney that divideth Norfolk and Suffolk, the Cawsey thereby, and other Works of Piety, deserv’d well of the Church, his Country, and the Common-weal, and planted

Page. Line. three Houses out of his own issue, out of the second whereof Sir Henry Hobart his great grandchild, now likewise Attorney-General to King James, is lineally descended.
465. 30. Knight — And now appertaining to the Pastans.
466. 74. Possessions — Not far from Worsted, where (as I read) the Stuff-worsted, in so great request among our Ancestors, was first made, and hence so nam’d, as Dornicks, Cameric, Calecut, &c. had in like manner their denomination from the places where they were first invented and made.
467. 61. Veneration — Next is Paston, a small Townlet, which yet hath given sirname to a Family grown great both in estate and alliance, since they matched with the heiress of Beary and Maultbye.
468. 16. By — Sir Robert.
ibid. Roos — Sir Robert.
475. 3. To — Sir William.
42. To — Sir Hugh.
45. To — Sir Hamon.
46. Of — Sir Anthony.
476. 56. England — This is he, that before the King was challeng’d and accus’d by Henry of Lancaster Duke of Hereford.
477. 15. Upon — John Lord Howard.
25. Surrey — And by King Henry the seventh made Lord Treasurer.
26. Norfolk — And his Son the same day created Earl of Surrey.
27. Army — At Branxton.
37. Thomas — As well in his honours, as in the Office of Lord Treasurer of England, and liv’d in the time of Queen Mary.
479. 58. JErmins — Above Caxton before-mention’d, is Eltestey, where was in elder ages a Religious House of holy Virgins, among whom was celebrated the incertain memory of Saint Pandionia, the daughter of a Scottish King, as the Tradition is. But long since they were translated to Hinchinbroke. And again, above Eltestey was the Priory of Swasey, founded for Black Monks by Alan la Zouch, brother to the Viscount of Rohan in the Lesser Britain, and was the common Sepulture a long time for the Family of Zouch.
486. 35. 11 Min. — Cam, from Cambridge continuing his course by Waterbeach, an ancient Seat of Nuns, which Lady Mary St. Paul translated from thence to Denny somewhat higher, but nothing health-fuller; when in a low ground he hath spread a Mere, associateth himself with the river Ouse.
487. 42. Office — The Earls of Oxford also (that I may note it incidently) by the heir of R. Sandford, held the Manours of Fingrey and Walfelmeston by Serjeanty of Chamberlainship to the Queens at the Coronation of their Kings.
488. 73. Cottons — From which Wicken is not far distant; which came to the Family of the Peytons by a Daughter and coheir of the Gernons, about Edward the third’s time.
492. 33. Fens — He began the fair Palace at Ely for his successors.
493. 7. Air — Although it be seated somewhat higher. Near to it, is Downham, where the Bishop hath his residing house with a Park. Near to Downham is Cowney, the ancientest seat of the Family, sirnam’d for their habitation here, Lisle and De Insula, and first planted here by Nigellus the second Bishop of Ely, their allie in the time of King Henry the first, as is set down in a Leiger-book of Ely. Chateries or Cheaterich is not far hence westward, where Alwena a devout woman, founded a Nunnery upon a copped ground encompass’d with Fens, while her Husband founded Ramsey.
504. 16. PLACE — And by the name of Gumicester King Henry the third granted it to his Son Edmund Earl of Lancaster.
506. 35. Broad — Which (as other Meres in this tract) doth sometimes in calms and fair weather rise tempestuously as it were into violent water-quakes, to the danger of the poor Fisher-men; by reason, as some think, of Evaporations breaking violently out of the earth.
40. Place — Whereunto Strangers, and not the natives there, are subject, who live long and healthfully.
509. 21. John — (Who was stiled Duke of Excester, Earl of Huntingdon and Ivory, Lord of Sparre, Admiral of England and Ireland, Lieutenant of Aquitain, and Constable of the Tower of London.)
513. 3. EXpir’d — And, being canoniz’d by the People amongst the Saints, had his commemoration kept both here and at Buckingham.
514. 37. Appeal — Moreover, about that time he was made Lord Treasurer of England.
519. 74. Belong’d — And, to turn a little aside, I may not omit Horton, whenas King Henry the eighth created Sir W. Par Lord thereof, Uncle and Chamberlain to Queen Catharine Par, Baron Par of Horton; which Honour shortly vanish’d with him, when he left only Daughters, who were married into the Families of Tresham and Lane. But to return, &c.
520. 1. Wedlingborough — And Wodlingborough, made a Market by King John at the Suit of the Monks of Crowland.
52. Whereof — Sir Nicholas.
56. Town — In times past of the Peverells, and after by them of the Ferrers.
66. Thrapston — Belonging likewise to them.
521. 10. Synod — Of one hundred and thirteen Bishops.
19. Huntingdon — Who were of the Royal race of Scotland.
25. Fetter — Which, both of itself, and with a Falcon in it, was his Device or Emprese, as implying that he was lock’d up from all great hope, as a younger Brother.
36. Church — In King Edward the sixth’s time.
44. Descended — The form of the Keep beforesaid, built like a Fetterlock, occasioneth me to digress a little, and I hope with your pardon, when the gravest Authors in as small matters have done the like. Edmund of Langly Duke of York, who built that Keep, and garnish’d the Glass-windows there with Fetter-locks, when he saw his Sons, being young Scholars, gazing upon the painted Windows, ask’d them, What was Latin for a Fetter-lock? They studying and looking silently one upon another, not able to answer: If you cannot tell me, says he, I will tell you, Hic, hæc, hoc, Taceatis, that is, Hic, hæc, hoc be silent, and quiet; and therewithal added, God knoweth what may happen hereafter. This King Edward the fourth, his great grand-child, reported publickly; when he, having attained the Crown, created Richard his younger Son Duke of York, and then commanding that he should use for his Badge the Fetter-lock open, to verify the presage of his great grand-father. But this by the way.

Page. Line.
521. 53. The — Deprived of the same, recovering it again.
55. Away — Her second Son, and, &c.
523. 15. Lord — 546.
18. Girvians — Or Finn-Country.
527. 36. By — Suleby, sometimes an Abbey of black Monks, and by, &c.
528. 5. Seen — And called Burrows.
530. 17. GUIDE — For the finding out of those said Towns which Antonine the Emperor specifieth in his Itinerary.
50. Poultneys — Who took that name of Poulteney, a place now decay’d within the said Lordship.
53. Verdons — Which only sheweth a fair Church, which hath been encreas’d by the Feldings of Knights Degree and ancient Gentry in this Shire.
60. Rome — And Religious Men.
531. 46. Grantmaisnill — A Norman.
533. 63. Zouch — Who descended from Alan Viscount of Rohan in Little Britain, and Constantia his wife, daughter to Conan le Grosse Earl of Britain, and Maud his wife, the natural daughter of Henry the first.
534. 10. Seymour — Of Castle-Cary.
ibid. Holland — Yet their Father first bestow’d this Ashby upon Sir Richard Mortimer of Richards-Castle his Cousin, whose younger issue thereupon took the sirname of Zouch; and were Lords of Ashby. But from Eudo a younger Son of Alane, who was slain in Westminster-hall, the Lords Zouch of Haringworth branch’d out, and have been for many descents Barons of the Realm.
50. Beaumont — Descended from Sir Thomas Beaumont, Lord of Bachevill in Normandy, brother to the first Viscount. Which Sir Thomas (as some write) was he who was slain manfully fighting at such time as the French recover’d Paris from the English, in the time of King Henry the sixth.
535. 58. Ore — That is, by weight.
536. 46. Hospital — As for this Hospital, it continueth in some good state, as another Beadhouse in the town, built by W. Wigeston. But the Collegiate Church, which was a magnificent Work, and the greatest ornament of Leicester, was demolished when Religious Houses were granted to the King.
59. Leicester — When he began Gerondon-Abbey for Cistercians.
537. 8. Raw-dikes — Or Road-dikes.
538. 24. Not — North-west from Leicester.
539. 26. Trent — A little above Cotes, now the habitation of the Family of Skipwith, originally descended out of Yorkshire, and enrich’d many years since with fair possessions in Lincolnshire, by an heir of Ormesby.
540. 34. Wall — These Beaumonts descended from a younger Son of John Count of Brene in France, who for his high honour and true valour was preferr’d to marry the heir of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, and with great pomp crown’d King of Jerusalem in the year of our Lord 1248. Hence it is, that we see the Arms of Jerusalem so often quarter’d with those of Beaumont, in sundry places of England. Sir Henry Beaumont was the first that planted himself in England, about the year 1308.
54. Treason — By Attainder of Lovel, it fell into the hands of King Henry the seventh.
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540. 57. Dieu — Now belonging to a younger House of the Beaumonts.
67. Younger — The hereditaments of Thomas Earl of Lancaster, and Alice Lacy his wife, were seiz’d into the King’s hands, and alienated in divers sorts; the King enforc’d her to release this Manour to Hugh le Dispenser the younger.
541 19. Saxon burghAnd under it a town call’d Burrough, belonging to an old Family of Gentlemen so sirnam’d.
542. 2. Elephantiasis — Because the skins of Lepers are like those of Elephants.
8. History — Whether by celestial influence, or other hidden causes, I leave to the learned.
31. Same — The river that watereth this part of the Shire, is by the Inhabitants about it call’d the Wreken, along which, upon resemblance of the name, I have sought Vernometum, but in vain. This Wreken gathereth a strong stream by many lively Brooks resorting into it, whereof one passeth by Wimondham, an ancient habitation of a younger branch of the House of the Lords Barkleis, well encreased by an heir of Dela-Laund, and so on by Melton Mowbray before mention’d, by Kirkby-Bellers (where there was a Priory,) having that addition of the Bellers, a respective, rich, and noble Family in their time, by Brokesby a Seat now of the Villiers of an old Norman race, and descended from an heir of Bellers: which Brokesby imparted formerly the sirname to the Brokesbies of especial Antiquity in these parts. Then the Wreken speedeth by Ratcliffe, high mounted upon a Cliff, and within few miles conjoyneth it self to Soar, near unto Mont-Soar-hill before mention’d. Whatsoever of this Shire lieth beyond the Wreken northward, is not so frequently inhabited, and part of it is call’d the Wold, as being hilly without wood; wherein Dalby, a Seat of the old Family of the Noels, of whom I shall speak elsewhere, and Waltham on the Wold, a mean Market, are most notable. Through this part, as I have been informed, passeth the Fosse-way, made by the Romans from Lewing-Bridge, by Segrave, which gave sirname to the honourable Family often mention’d, and the Lodge on the Wold toward the Vale of Bever; but the Track thereof as yet I know not.
62. Bossu — Because he was crook-back’d; who, after he had rebell’d against King Henry the first, weary of his loose irregular life, became a Canon-Regular.
63. Blanchemaines — Of his Lily-white hands; who sided with the young King against King Henry the second, and died in the expedition of King Richard the first to the Holy Land.
67. Grant-maisnil — In whose right he was Seneschal or Steward of England, and died issueless in the time of King John.
73. 1200 — As wholly devoted to the French.
543. 5. Leicester — Granted to him the Stewardship of England.
544. 9. Sword — And extraordinarily favoured.
13. 1588 — Leaving the Fame only of his Greatness behind him.
545. 4. WHich — (I grieve to utter it, but all Men know it.)
8. Countrey — More eastward,upon the river Welland, I saw nothing remarkable, unless it be Berohdon, now Barodon, which Thomas BeauchampFin. 14 Edw. III. Earl of Warwick held with South-Luffenham

Page. Line. and other Hamlets, by service to the King’s Chamberlain in the Exchequer.
545. 27. Church — Which is large and fair.
546. 24. Harrington — Branch’d from the stem of the ancient Lords Harington.
26. Exton — A Town adjacent, where he hath also another fair House.
549. 29. HAY — Which our Progenitors broadly called Hoy.
552. 56. Things — But hereby you may see how by small Contributions great Works arose.
555. 61. Oxford — Upon the King’s Proclamation.
556. 31. Britain — Sir William.
557. 71. Of — Sir Andrew.
558. 53. To — Sir Henry.
70. Also — Sir John.
ult. Name — Created by King Henry the eighth.
559. 51. To — Sir William.
561. 75. To — Sir William.
563. 56. Hill — At the foot whereof they built (as it seemeth) the gate yet standing, compiled of vast Stones.
564. ult. First — Who dy’d at Hardby in this Shire.
565. 1. Of — Sir Nicholas.
567. 35. By — Sir John.
59. To — Sir Ralph.
ult. Was — Sir Robert.
569. 20. Hois — More inward are Driby and Ormesby, neighbour Towns, which gave sirnames to two great Families in their times. From the Dribyes descended the elder Lords Cromwell, now determined; and from Ormesbies, the House of Skipwith, still continuing.
39. Night — But the honour and ornament of this place, was the right reverend Doctor Whitgift, late Archbishop of Canterbury, a peerless Prelate for piety and learning in our days.
570. 23. Family — Of Semarc.
34. Knights — Descended from Grovil, Oxenbridge, and Echingham.
571. 51. Of — Sir William.
573. 13. Gall — It yieldeth also Pets in the Mores, and dead roots of Fir-wood, which in burning give a rank sweet savour. There also have been found great and long fir-trees while they digg’d for Pet, both within the Isle, and also without, at Laughton upon Trent bank, the old habitation of the Family of Delanson, now contractly call’d Dalison.peat
42. Whereof — Sir Edmund Sheffeld.
49. Garter — President of the Council establish’d in the North.
574. 25. Marry’d — Sir Eubul.
28. Estate — Yet both Sir Eubul Strange and Sir Hugh Frene her third husband, are in some Records nam’d Earls of Lincoln.
36. On — Sir John.
576. 39. WAY — And received into its Chanel the River Soure, running hither from the County of Leicester.
47. Cliftons — Much enrich’d by one of the heirs of Cressy.
579. 53. Shelford — Ralph Hanselin founded a Priory, and the Lords Randolphs had a Mansion, but now the Seat of, &c.
580. 2. Parts — Since they match’d with an heir of Mallovel.
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580. 32. Hence — Is Thurgarton, where Sir Ralph D’eincourt founded a Priory, and somewhat higher Southwell, &c.
581. 38. Self — Near Averham or Aram, an ancient habitation of the Suttons, Gentlemen of respective worth.
582. 11. Castle — And King Edward the sixth incorporated it of one Alderman, and twelve Assistants.
583. 49. Some — Who delineate the pedigree of the Graves of the great Family of Mansfield in Germany.
58. Mansfeld — And the hereditary Foresters or Keepers of the Forest of Shirewood, were men in their times of high estimation, viz. Sir Gerard de Normanvile, in the time of the Conquest, the Cauzes and Birkins, by whose heir it came to the Everinghams. Of which Family Sir Adam Everingham was summon’d to Parliaments in the reigns of King Edward the second, and King Edward the third. At which time they were seated at Laxton anciently call’d Lexinton, where also flourish’d a great Family so sirnam’d, whose heirs were marry’d into the Houses of Sutton of Averham and Markham.
584. 5. Valour — Being descended from one of the heirs of Cressy, and formerly from an heir of Lexinton, as I lately shewed.
585. 10. Others — By his wife, the heir of the Mowbrays.
13. Son — When he created him Duke of Richmond.
586. 53. CRoxton — But whether Sir Robert Curson, Knighted by King Henry the seventh, and created a Baron of the Empire by the Emperor Maximilian, A.D. 1500. on the account of his singular Valour; on whom King Henry the eighth in like manner conferr’d the title of a Baron of England, assigning to him a liberal Pension, were descended from these Cursons, I dare not affirm.
589. 41. Montjoy — With a Pension.
590. 22. Musards — That is to say, Doubters and Delayers.
57. Lost — King John erected it into a Free-borough, and gave it to William Briewer, his particular Favourite.
591. 25. Also — (By reason that under the upper crust of the Earth there is Lime-stone, which yields a fruitful Slugh or Humour.)
76. Mannours — Son of Thomas Earl of Rutland, and to Sir Thomas Stanley, Son of Edward Earl of Derby.
594. 11. Sight — To these wonders may be added a wonderful Well in the Peake-forest not far from Buxtons, which ordinarily ebbeth and floweth four times in the space of one hour, or thereabouts, keeping his just tides: and I know not whether Tideswel, a Market-town hereby, hath his name thereof.
29. Son — Who, being bruis’d with a fall out of his Coach, dy’d in the year 1254.
46. Mother — To him and his heirs males. He had for his Successor his grandson Thomas, begotten by George his Son on the body of Joan the heiress of the Lord Strange of Knocking. This same Thomas had by the sister of George Earl of Huntingdon, Edward the third Earl of this Family, highly commended for his courteousness and hospitality; who, of the Lady Dorothy, daughter to the first Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk, begat Henry the fourth Earl, who soon obtain’d very honourable employments, and

left, by the Lady Margaret, daughter of Henry Earl of Cumberland, Ferdinand and William, successively Earls of Derby. Ferdinand dy’d after a strange manner in the flower of his youth, having by Margaret his wife, daughter of Sir John Spenser of Althorp, three daughters, viz. Anne, marry’d to Grey Bruges Lord Chandos; Frances, espous’d to Sir John Egerton; and Elizabeth the wife of Henry Earl of Huntingdon. William the sixth Earl now enjoyeth the honour, and hath issue by Elizabeth, daughter to Edward late Earl of Oxford.
603. 8. NOtitia) — Or Abstract of Provinces.
32. Præsidium — That is, the Garrison-town.praesidium
604. 14. Pomp — And after a sumptuous Funeral solemniz’d, in this Church lies entomb’d in a magnificent Tomb with this Inscription: Pray devoutly for the Soul, whom God assoil, of one of the most worshipful Knights in his days of manhood and cunning, Richard Beauchamp, late Earl of Warwick, Lord Despenser of Bergavenny, and of many other great Lordships, whose body resteth here under this Tomb, in a full fair Vault of Stone, set in the bare Roche. The which visited with long sickness in the Castle of Roan, therein deceased full Christianly the last day of April, in the year of our Lord God 1439. He being at that time Lieutenant General of France, and of the Dutchy of Normandy, by sufficient authority of our Soveraign Lord King Henry the sixth. The which body, by great deliberation and worshipful conduct by Sea and Land, was brought to Warwick the fourth of October, the year abovesaid, and was laid with full solemn exequies in a fair Chest made of Stone in the west door of this Chapel, according to his last Will and Testament, therein to rest till this Chapel, by him devised in his life, were made: the which Chapel founded on the Roche, and all the members thereof, his Executors did fully make and apparel, by the authority of his said last Will and Testament. And thereafter by the said authority they did translate worshipfully the said body into the Vault aforesaid. Honoured be God therefore.
606. 71. Others — Who have better observed the nature of this River.
607. 70. To — Sir William.
76. Chaundois — But now it is decay’d, and of a very great Town become a small Market of wares and trade. Howbeit exceeding much frequented for the Corn-fair there holden. This hath for a near neighbour Arrow, according to the name of the river, whose Lord Thomas Burdet, for his dependance upon George Duke of Clarence, words unadvisedly uttered, and hardly construed through the Iniquity of the time, lost his life. But by his grand-daughter, married to Edward Conway brother to Sir Hugh Conway of Wales, a gracious favourite of King Henry the seventh, the Knightly Family of the Conways have ever since flourished, and laudably followed the Profession of Arms.
608. ult. Wars — Which he had raised upon fair pretext against his Sovereign.
609. 2. Third — Who annex’d this Castle as an Inheritance to Edmund his Son, Earl of Lancaster.
62. Bremichams — Earls of Louth, &c.
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611. 49. Bayliffs — And to build and embattle a Wall about it.
613. 14. Asteleys — Out of which flourish’d Barons in the time of King Edward the first, second, and third.
17. Inter’d — In a most fine and fair Collegiate Church, which Thomas Lord Astley founded with a Dean and Secular Canons.
57. The — Augustine Friers.
615. 23. That — After his death, Anne his wife by Act of Parliament was excluded and debarred from all her Lands for ever, and his two daughters, heirs to him, and heirs apparent to their mother, being married to George Duke of Clarence, and Richard Duke of Glocester, were enabled to enjoy all the said Lands, in such wise as if the said Anne their mother were naturally dead. Whereupon the name, stile and title of Earl of Warwick and Sarisbury was granted to George Duke of Clarence, who soon after was unnaturally dispatch’d by a sweet death in a Butt of Malvesey by his suspicious brother King Edward the fourth. His young Son Edward was stiled Earl of Warwick, and being but a very child, was beheaded by King Henry the seventh, to secure himself and his posterity. The death of this Edward, our Ancestors accounted to be the full period and final end of the long lasting War between the two Royal Houses of Lancaster and York. Wherein, as they reckon’d, from the 28th year of Henry the sixth, unto this, being the 15th of Henry the seventh, there were thirteen Fields fought, three Kings of England, one Prince of Wales, twelve Dukes, one Marquiss, eighteen Earls, with one Viscount, and twenty three Barons, besides Knights and Gentlemen, lost their lives.
45. Him — And his heirs males, and for defect of them, to Robert his brother, and the heirs males of his body lawfully begotten.
46. Issue — This Honour Ambrose bare with great commendation, and died wthout Children in the year 1589, shortly after his brother Robert Earl of Leicester.
618. 11. PLenty — And in one part for dainty Cheese surpasseth them.
62. Arthur — At which time he granted some privileges to Beawdley.
620. 10. Salwarp — This hath its first veins out of the Lickey-hill, most eminent in the North-part of this Shire; near unto which, at Frankley, the Family of the Littletons were planted by John Littleton alias Westcote, the famous Lawyer, Justice in the King’s Bench in the time of King Edward the fourth, to whose Treatise of Tenures, the Students of our Common Law are no less beholden, than the Civilians to Justinian’s Institutes.
621. 33. Bullions — Salwarp having now entertain’d a small Brook descending from Chedesley, where anciently the Family of Foliot flourish’d, as after at Longdon, makes haste to Severne.
629. 23. Westminster — Then receiveth Avon, a riveret, from the north, upon which stands Hodington a Seat of the Winters, of which were Robert Winter and his brother Thomas, who whenas they were in the Gun-powder-Treason, &c.
631. 36. Mellent — Twin brother.

633. 34. WOrcestershire — On the river Stoure stands Stourton-Castle, sometime appertaining to the Earls of Warwick, the place of the navity of Cardinal Pole, and then Dudley-Castle, &c.
42. Knight — Descended from the Suttons of Nottinghamshire.
46. Dudley — But first summoned to Parliament by King Henry the sixth.
47. Family — Here is situated Pensneth-chace, in former times better stored with Game than at present; where are found many Coal-Pits, in which (as it hath been related to me) here as yet continueth a Fire begun by a Candle long since by the negligence of a certain grover or digger. The Smoak of this fire, and sometimes the flame, is seen; but the scent oftener smelt. And other places of the like nature were shew’d to me not far off. On the confines of Shropshire, to the northwest, I saw Pateshall, a Seat of the Astleys, descended from honourable Progenitors; and Wrotesly, an habitation of a race of Gentlemen so sirnamed; out of which, Sir Hugh Wrotesly, on the account of his singular Valour, was chosen by King Edward the third Knight of the Garter at the first Institution; and therefore esteemed as one of the Founders of the said honourable Order.
636. 8. Honour — When Baldwin Frevil inhibited his Petition for the same, it was adjudg’d from this Family to Sir John Dimock his Competitor, descended also from Marmion, and producing more authentick Records and Evidences.
637. 15. Way — But, at a small distance from thence is Breewood, a Market-town, where the Bishops of the Diocese had a Seat before the Conquest, and then near Weston is that clear, &c.
24. Fountains — In the north part of this Shire, and amidst the Moors or Marshes.
638. 17. Derby — Strange it is to read, what Lands King Henry the third confirm’d to Henry Audeley, which were bestow’d on him through the bounty of the Peers, and even of private Gentlemen, not only in England, but also in Ireland, where Hugh Lacy Earl of Ulster gave him Lands, together with the Constableship of Ulster; so that without doubt he was either a person of singular virtue, or a very great Favourite, or an able Lawyer, or perhaps was endu’d with all these qualifications. His posterity were ally’d in marriage with the heirs of the Lord Giffard of Brimsfield, of Baron Martin Lord of Keimeis and Barstaple; as also a younger brother of this House, with one of the heirs of the Earl of Glocester, who was by King Edward the third created Earl of Glocester. About which time James Lord Audley acquir’d a very great reputation, on the account of his valour and skill in war-like Affairs, who (as it is related by French Historians) being dangerously wounded in the battle of Poitiers, when the Black Prince with many high commendations had given to him a pension of four hundred marks per annum, bestow’d it immediately on his four Esquires, that always valiantly attended him, and satisfy’d the Prince, doubting that his gift might be too little for so great service, with this answer, gratefully acknowledging his bounty: These my Esquires sav’d my life amidst my enemies; and God be thank’d, my Ancestors have left me sufficient Revenues to maintain me in your Service. Whereupon the Prince, approving this prudent Liberality, both confirm’d his Donation to his Esquires, and besides assign’d to him Lands to the value of six hundred marks yearly. But by his daughter, one of the co-heirs to her brother, the title of Lord Audley came afterward to the Touchets, and in them continueth.
638. 36. Chebsey — Reckon’d among the principal Noblemen in the time of King Edward the first.
68. Deniers — And had thirteen Canons-Prebendaries, who held in Frank-Almoin.
76. It — Which the Barons of Stafford, of whose Progeny were the Dukes of Buckingham, built for their own Seat: who prevail’d with King John to erect it into a Burrough with ample liberties and priviledges, caus’d to be partly enclos’d with a Wall, and founded a Priory of Black-Canons in honour of St. Thomas of Canterbury.
639. 68. Sixth — He was (as it may be collected from his Epitaph) Secretary and Privy Counsellor to King Henry the eighth, and constituted by his Testament Counsellor and Adjutant to King Edward the sixth during his minority; to whom he was Chancellour of the Dutchy of Lancaster, Comptroller of the Houshold, and by him created (as I have already intimated) Baron, and Knight of the Garter, as also by Queen Mary, Lord Privy-Seal. Whose grandson William is now the fourth Baron Pagett.
641. 48. Ferrars — Built in the Conqueror’s time.
642. 42. Never — Nevertheless in so hard a Soil it brings forth and feeds Beasts of a large size.
643. 16. Verdons — Who founded here the Abbey of Croxden.
33. Say — As for Blith, it hath in this Moorland a little Castle named Careswell, which Sir William Careswell built, with great Ponds, having their heads made of square Stones; and Draicot, which gave a sirname to a Family of great Antiquity in this Country.
39. Dove — After it hath receiv’d Tine.
644. 31. Stafford — Then few of them Earls, viz. Ralph created by King Edward the third Earl of Stafford, who married the heiress of Hugh Audley Earl of Glocester. Hugh his Son, who dy’d in Pilgrimage at Rhodes, and his three Sons successively. Thomas and William both without issue, and Edmund, who took to wife the daughter and heiress of Thomas of Woodstock Duke of Buckingham. Afterward, three of them were Dukes of Buckingham, and Earls of Stafford, &c. as it hath been before declared. By the Attainder of the last of them, those ample Inheritances, &c.
645. 66. LORDS — Which they enjoy’d, and insolently exercis’d over the poor Inhabitants in the Marches.
648. 18. To — Sir Foulk of Dinan.
19. To — Sir Jeffrey.
63. To — Sir Jeffrey.
649. 61. Prince — Sir Robert Syncler.
63. Also — Sir Ralph.
67. Of — Burgh.
75. Of — Sir Warner.
650. 9. To — Robert Blunt.
17. Montgomery — In later times, Sir John Winell, call’d also Wenlock, because he here inhabited, for his faithful Service to King Henry the sixth, was by him advanc’d to the state and honour of Baron Wenlock, and elected Knight of the Garter; in whose cause he manfully lost his life in the battle of Tewksbury, leaving no issue: but from his Cousin and heir-general, the Lawleys of this County are lineally descended. A little more west, is Acton-Burnell, &c.

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651. 14. Of — Sir Ralph Butler, the younger Son of Ralph Butler of Wem.
21. Tewion — But whereas these seem natural, I dare not, &c.
36. Of — Sir Peter.
46. Of — Sir Foulque.
653. 8. Without — In equal distance.
654. 4. Of — Sir Ralph.
5. Shrewsbury — But above Tong was Lilleshul-Abbey, in a wood-land Country, founded by the Family of Beaumeis, whose heir was marry’d into the House of De la Zouch. But seeing there is little left but ruins, I will leave it, and proceed.
48. Walls — Which yet make a fair shew.
57. Days — As the common sort ascribe whatsoever is ancient and strange, to King Arthur’s glory.
59. Corbet — Anciently an House of the Family of Turet.
62. Building — In a barren place — after the Italian model.
65. Unfinish’d — And the old Castle defac’d.
74. Udecot — And in later ages, this Family far and fairly propagated, receiv’d encrease both of revenue and great alliance by the marriage of an heir of Hopton.
75. Newports — Knights of great worship, descended from the Barons Grey of Codnor and the Lords of Mothwy.
655. 59. Book — In King Edward the Confessor’s time, it paid Gelt according to an hundred Hides. In the Conqueror’s time, it paid yearly seven pounds, &c.
656. 52. Erected — A School wherein were more Scholars in number, when I first saw it, than any School in England.
56. Salary — It shall not now, I hope, be impertinent to note, that when divers of the Nobility conspir’d against King Henry the fourth, with a purpose to advance Edmund Mortimer Earl of March to the Crown, as the undoubtful and right Heir, whose Father King Richard the second had also declar’d Heir apparent, and Sir Henry Percy call’d Hot-Spur, then addressed himself to give the assault to Shrewsbury, &c.
ult. Dispute — Wherein the Scottish-men which follow’d him, shew’d much manly Valour (when the Earl of Worcester his Uncle, and the Earl of Dunbar were taken) he despairing, &c.
657. 51. To — Such as attribute nothing at all to celestial Influence and learned Experience.
658. 3. Honourable — Sir Thomas.
659. 23. From — Sir Guarin.
27. Renown’d — Sir Fulk Fitz-Warren.
29. Ancestors — And had Poems compos’d upon it.
45. Needhams — Blackmere, an ancient Family of the Lords L’estrange.
57. Achilles — Sir John.
660. 7. Blackmere — Who were sirnam’d Le Strange commonly, and Extranei in Latin Records, for that they were strangers brought hither by King Henry the second, and in a short time their House was far propagated. Those of Blackmere were much enrich’d by an heir of W. de Albo Monasterio or this Whit-Church, and also by one of the heirs of John Lord Giffard of Brimsfield, of ancient Nobility in Glocestershire, by the only daughter of Walter Lord Clifford.
18. More — Westward.
23. And — Joan his base-daughter.
ibid. Then — In the time of King Henry the third.
25. Baron — Sir Thomas.
63. Chastillon — Upon Dordan near Bourdeaux.
ibid. Son — Sir John Talbot.
68. Of — Sir Thomas.
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660. 71. Him — By a Daughter of the Earl of Ormond.
72. And — Sir Gilbert Talbot, Captain of Calais.
73. Descended — This third John had by his wife Katharine, daughter to Henry Duke of Buckingham, George the fourth Earl, who serv’d King Henry the seventh valiantly and constantly at the Battle of Stoke. And he, by Anne his wife, daughter of William Lord Hastings, had Francis the fifth Earl, who begat, of Mary daughter to Thomas Lord Dacre of Gillesland, George the sixth Earl, a man of approv’d fidelity in weighty Affairs of State; whose Son Gilbert by his wife Gertrude, daughter to Thomas Earl of Rutland, the seventh Earl, maintaineth at this day, &c.
667. 58. REIGN — Sir Ralph.
671. 31. Churches — But that of St. John’s, without the North-gate, was the fairest, being a stately and solemn building, as appears by the remains, wherein were anciently Prebendaries, and (as some write) the Bishop’s See.
36. Street — They call them Rowes, having Shops on both sides, through which a Man may walk dry from one end unto the other.
674. 10. Bunbury — Contractly so called for Boniface Bury; for St. Boniface was the Patron Saint there.
11. Beeston-castle — Which gave Sirname to an ancient Family.
675. 68. Where — Very near the brink of the river Dan.
677. 44. To — Sir John.
678. 42. Baron — Of the Earls of Chester; and Warburgton, so named of St. Werburgh, the habitation of a Family thereof sirnamed, but branched from the Duttons.
44. Maclesfeld — One of the fairest Towns in this County.
679. 12. From — Sir Hamon.
39. Ethelfleda — Commonly call’d Elfled.
682. 57. Chamberlain — Who hath all jurisdiction of a Chancellour, within the said County Palatine.
58. Special — For matters in Common-Plees, and Plees of the Crown, to be heard and determin’d in the said County.pleas
59. Escheator — And the Inhabitants of the said County, for the enjoying of their Liberties, were to pay at the change of every owner of the said Earldom, a Sum of Money (about three thousand marks) by the name of a Mize, as the County of Flint being a parcel thereof about two thousand Marks, if I have not been misinformed.
685. 21. FErtility — And therefore says, that for three W. W. W. Wheat, Wool and Water, it yieldeth to no Shire of England.
691. 20. Year — 1571.
63. Rosse — Made a free Borough by King Henry the third.
692. 29. The — Assisting the Earl of Flanders.
31. Dy’d — Condemn’d to perpetual Prison for a Conspiracy against the Conqueror.
33. Leicester - Who had married Emme or Itta heir of Bretevill.
41. And — Also granted to him Constabulariam Curiæ suæ, the Constableship of her Court, whereupon his Posterity were Constables of England,Curiae suae

Page. Line. as the Marshalship was granted at the first by the name of Magistratus Mariscalsiæ Curiæ nostræ.Mariscalsiae Curiae nostrae Caesar
692. ult. Elizabeth — Daughter.
714. 60. KAradok — And adjoyning to it, is Sudbroke, the Church whereof, call’d Trinity-Chapel, standeth so near the Sea, that the vicinity of so tyrannous a neighbour, hath spoil’d it of half the Church-yard, as it hath done also of an old Fortification lying thereby, which was compassed with a triple Ditch and three Rampires, as high as an ordinary house, cast in form of a Bow; the string whereof is the Sea-cliff. That this was a Roman work, the Britain Bricks and Roman Coyns there found, are most certain arguments; among which, the Reverend Father in God, Francis Bishop of Landaffe (by whose information I write this) imparted unto me of his kindness one of the greatest pieces that ever I saw coyn’d, of Corinthian Copper, by the City of Elaia in the lesser Asia, to the honour of the Emperor Severus, with this Greek Inscription, Αγτ. ΚΑΙ. Λ. CΕΠΤΙ. CΕΒΗΡΟC. ΠΕΡ. that is, The Emperor Cæsar Lucius Septimius Severus Pertinax. And on the reverse, an Horse-man with a Trophee erected before him, but the Letters not legible, save under him ΕΛΑΙΩΝ. that is, of the Elaians, which kind of great pieces the Italians call Medaglioni, and were extraordinary Coyns, not for common use, but coyn’d by the Emperors, either to be distributed by the way of largess in Triumphs, or to be sent for Tokens to men well deserving, or else by free Cities to the glory and memory of good Princes. What name this place anciently had, is hard to be found, but seemeth to have been the Port and Landing-place for Venta Silurum, when as it is but two miles from it.
728. 49. Clare — Miles of Glocester, Robert Chandos, Pain Fitz-John, Richard Fitz-Punt, and, &c.
744. 20. OF — Sir Thomas of London.
747. 57. Howel — Sirnamed Dha, that is Good.
749. 47. By — Sir Rhise ap Thomas.
753. 33. TOWN — Well govern’d by a Mayor, and strongly wall’d toward the Land.
754. 17. Haven — In the most pleasant Country of all Wales, standeth Penbroke the Shire-town, one direct Street upon a long narrow point all rock, and a forked arm of Milford-haven, ebbing and flowing close to the Town-walls on both sides. It hath a Castle, but now ruinate; and two Parish-Churches within the walls, and is incorporate of a Mayor, Bailiffs, and Burgesses. But hear Giraldus, &c.
756. 29. Inhabitants — Situate upon an hill-side, having scarce one even Street, but is steep one way or other.
757. 2. Are — Twenty-two.
3. Wall — Whereupon they call it, The Close.
758. 35. Newport — At the foot of a high Mountain.
37. Sand — And, in Latin Records, Novus Burgus.
43. Dogmael — According to the Order of Tours.
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765. 64. Anselm — Who enjoy’d this Honour but a few days.
766. 3. His — Eldest.
6. Son — Lord of Weishford, and, &c.
47. 1391 — By Sir John St. John, casually.
55. Penbroke — Not long after, Humfrey, Son to King Henry the fourth, before he was Duke of Glocester, receiv’d this title of his brother King Henry the fifth, and before his death King Henry the sixth granted the same in reversion (a thing not before heard of) to William de la Pole, Earl of Suffolk; after whose downfall, the said King, when he had enabled Edmund of Hadham, and Jasper of Hatfield, the sons of Queen Catharine his mother, to be his lawful half-brethren, created Jasper Earl of Penbroke, and Edmund Earl of Richmond, with pre-eminence to take place above all Earls. For Kings have absolute authority in dispensing honours.
64. By — Sir William Herbert, for his good service against Jasper in Wales.
73. Penbroke — With a Mantle and Coronet, in regard both of her Nobility and also her Vertues (for so run the words of her Patent.)
74. Invested — Sir William.
778. 34. WHERE — In the time of the Emperour Theodosius the younger.
780. 34. Shrewsbury — Who winning much Land here from the Welsh, as we find in Domesday, &c.
45. Liberties — Now the Herberts are here seated, branched out from a Brother of Sir William Herbert, the first Earl of Penbroke of that name.
783. 4. Rivers — But this may seem overmuch of Mediolanum, which I have sought here and about Alcester, not far off.
784. 5. To — Sir John.
10. Gules — Which he received from his Wife’s Progenitors.
785. 7. COuntries — And Wales.
28. To — Sir Hugh Burgh.
66. Until — Sir William.
806. 59. CATTEL — And sendeth out great multitudes.
808. 65. Time — Shot the said Hugh Earl of Shrewsbury, &c.
818. 44. MOrtimer — Earl of Winchester.
47. It — With the Cantreds of Ross and Riewinock, &c.
48. Montacute — After Earl of Salisbury.
ibid. Salisbury — For surprising of Mortimer.
819. 17. 1566 — To him and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten.
61. Built — By Reginald Grey, to whom King Edward the first granted it, and Roger, &c.
820. 18. Monastery — Now wholly decayed.
42. To — Sir William.
44. To — Sir William Stanley, Chamberlain to King Henry the seventh, who contesting with his Sovereign

Page. Line. about his good Services (when he was honourably recompens’d) lost his head, forgetting that Sovereigns must not be beholden to Subjects, howsoever Subjects fansy their own good Services.
824. 18. WInifrid — How her head was cut off, and set on again by St. Benno.
19. Giraldus — Who yet knew not this Well.
825. 76. First — Where King Richard the second, circumvented by them who should have been most trusty, was cunningly induced to renounce the Crown, as unable, for certain defects, to rule; and was delivered into the hands of Henry of Lancaster Duke of Hereford, who soon after claimed the Kingdom and Crown, being then void by his cession, as his inheritance descended from King Henry the third, and to this his devised Claim the Parliament assented, and he was established in the Kingdom.
831. 21. Kingdom — And by that title summon’d him to Parliament, being then nine years old.
* Afterward, a golden Verge was used.
Title — With a Cap of Estate, and a Coronet set on his head, a gold Ring put upon his finger, and a * silver Verge deliver’d into his hand, with the assent of Parliament.
28. Fourth — At the formal request of the Lords and Commons.
832. 24. Privileges — Or that you may read it abridg’d out of the Act of Parliament. The Kings Country or Dominion of Wales, shall stand and continue for ever incorporated, united, and annex’d to and with the Realm of England; and all and singular person and persons, born and to be born in the said Principality, Country, or Dominion of Wales, shall have, enjoy, and inherit, all and singular Freedoms, Liberties, Rights, Privileges, and Laws within this Realm and other the King’s Dominions, as other the King’s Subjects naturally born within the same, have, enjoy, and inherit: and the Laws, Ordinances, and Statutes of the Realm of England for ever, and none other, shall be had, used, practised, and executed, in the said Country, or Dominion of Wales, and every part thereof, in like manner, form, and order, as they be and shall be in this Realm, and in such like manner and form, as hereafter shall be farther establish’d and ordain’d. This Act, and the calm command of King Henry the seventh preparing way for it, effected that in a short time, which the violent power of other Kings arms, and especially of Henry the 4th, with extream rigour also of Laws, could not draw on in many years. For ever since, the British Nation hath continued as faithful and dutiful in their loyal Allegiance to the Crown of England, as any other part of the Realm.
YORKSHIRE. West-Riding.
846. 23. FUrnival — And Thomas Lord Nevil of Furnival.
847. 62. Business — But this Coningsborough in later ages was the possession of the Earls of Warren.
848. 25. Of — Sir William.
851. 34. Exchequer — But now among Sir Robert Cotton’s Antiquities.
857. 36. Of — Sir Robert.
865. 10. Lancaster — The first of the Lancastrian House, that in right of his wife possess’d it, stained and embrued the same with his own blood.
Page. Line.
865. 29. Of — Sir Robert.
72. That — Sir William.
866. 49. Harden — But (to return) Cor, making no long course, sheadeth himself into Wherf.
871. 8. Cold — Whereupon, in his return, he finding here Dirt for Dust, and full current water under the Bridge, recanted with these Verses:

Quæ Tadcaster erat sine flumine, pulvere plena,
Nunc habet immensum fluvium & pro pulvere lutum.

873. 59. York — And addicted themselves to the Ordinances of Saint Bernard.
60. Purpose — Which Abbey was acknowledged an immediate daughter of Clarevalle, and in a few years became a daughter to many others, as Kirkstall, Salley, Meaux, &c.
879. 27. Ptolemy — And Antonine himself.
886. 20. Humber — Leaving first Escricke a Seat of the Lascelles, sometimes to be remember’d for that King James advanced Sir Thomas Knivet, the Owner thereof, Lord Knivet, to the honour of Baron Knivet of Escricke in the year 1607.
36. Monastery — Founded there by Sir William Painell.
888. 12. BY — Sir Thomas.
889. 23. Humber — Whereof also the Country beyond it, by a general name, was call’d Northumberland.
891. 18. Immunities — And Athelstan granted them Liberties in these general words,

Alls free, make I thee,
As heart may think, or eye may see.

894. 55. Son — Sir Michael.
907. 63. ISSUE — The Inheritance of Dancaster, Bainton, Bridesalle, &c. were parted, &c.
909. 44. To — Sir William.
911. 22. Follows — Whereupon they have a proverbial Rhime,

When Rosebery Topping wears a Cap,
Let Cliveland then beware of a Clap.

54. Strangwaies — And Darcies, descended, &c.
68. Durham — Between Tine and Tees.
913. 5. And — Sir Guarin.
24. Of — Sir Guarin.
914. 8. By — Sir Bertrand Bulmer.
916. 41. Kingdom — He and his heirs to succeed after him.
75. Ardmanoch — A little child, not full four years of age.
920. 45. ABBEY — Of Cistercians, founded first at Fors, and after translated hither by Stephen Earl of Britain and Richmond.

Page. Line.
920. 71. Mother — John, that assumed the sirname of Marmion, and dy’d issueless; and Robert, who left behind him one only daughter and sole heir Elizabeth, wife to Sir Henry Fitz-Hugh, a noble Baron.
924. 3. Baron — Sir Brian.
4. Descended — From the Earls of Britain and Richmond.
926. 12. Travellers — Called the Spittle on Stanemore.
31. Can — The first Earls were out of the House of Little Britain in France, whose descent is confusedly intricate amongst their own Writers; for that there were two principal Earls at once, one of Haulte Britain, and another of Base Britain, for many years, and every one of their Children had their part in Gavelkind, and were stiled Earls of Britain without distinction. But of these the first Earl of Richmond, according to our Writings and Records, was Alane sirnam’d Feregaunt, that is, The Red, Son of Hoel Earl of Britain, descended from Hawise great Aunt to William the Conqueror, who gave this Country unto him by name of the Lands of Earl Eadwin in Yorkshire, and withal bestowed his daughter upon him, by whom he had no issue. He built Richmond-castle, as is before specified, to defend himself from disinherited and out-law’d Englishmen in those parts: and dying, left Britain to his Son Conan le Grosse by a second wife. But Alane the Black Son of Eudo, Son of Geffrey Earl of Britain and Hawise aforesaid, succeeded in Richmond, and he having no child, left it to Stephen his brother. This Stephen begat Alane, sirnam’d Le Savage, his Son and Successor, who assisted King Stephen against Maude the Empress in the battle at Lincoln, and married Bertha one of the heirs of Conan le Gross Earl of Hault Britain, by whom he had Conan le Petit Earl of both Britains by hereditary right, as well as of Richmond. He, by the assistance of King Henry the second of England, dispossessed Eudo Viscount of Porhoet his father-in-law, who usurp’d the title of Britain in right of the said Bertha his wife: and ending his life, leaving only one daughter Constance, by Margaret sister to Malcolme King of the Scots. Geffrey, third Son to King Henry the second of England, was advanced by his Father to the marriage of the said Constance, whereby he was Earl of Britain and Richmond; and begat of her Arthur, who succeeded him, and, as the French write, was made away by King John his Uncle.
927. 7. Thouars — Then upon dislike of the House of Britain, Peter of Savoy, &c.
29. For — Between John Earl of Montfort of the half-blood, and Joan his brother’s daughter, and heir of the whole blood, married to Charles of Bloys.
35. Deceased — To whom the Parliament of France had adjudg’d it.
73. Issue — As for Sir Thomas Grey who was made Baron of Richmond, by King Henry the sixth, he was not Lord of this Richmond, but of a place in Bedfordshire, called Rugemound and Richmount-Greies.
949. 16. BODY — And unwilling I am to remember, how this Bishoprick was dissolv’d by a private Statute, and all the possessions thereof given to Edward the sixth, when private Greediness edg’d by Churchmen did grind the Church, and withdrew much from God, wherewith Christian Piety had formerly honoured God. But Queen Mary repeal’d that Statute, and restored the said Bishoprick, with all the Possessions and Franchises thereof, that God might enjoy his own.
950. 38. Money — Buried, as it is thought, by the Romans.
44. Durham — And Patriarch of Jerusalem.
960. 56. Piety — And great wisdom approved in domestical and foreign Employments.
962. 62. LA-Ware — Being summon’d to Parliament among the Lords Temporal, by the name of Magister Thomas de la Ware.
65. Town — And by Joanna, sister of the said Sir Thomas, it came to the Wests, now Lords de la Ware.
967. 7. Virtuosi — To whom I recommend them, and to their farther disquisition, whether there are not subterranean Trees, growing under the earth, as well as Plants, and other Creatures.underground buried forest
970. 11. Brother — But I forget my self now, when as I have formerly remember’d as much.
973. 16. Inscription — And dedicated to the Mother Goddesses by a Captain of the Asturians.
976. 49. Derby — And advanced to that title by King Henry the eighth.
977. 18. Aliens — Founded by Roger of Poictiers.
978. 59. Abbey — Of Cistercian Monks.
73. Bonvill — Of Somersetshire.
980. 60. Albemarle — Of William de Fortibus Earl, &c.
981. 48. Aquitain — To have and to hold the same title for term of life, of the King of England and Monarch of France, but to the general disgust of the Inhabitants of the Province of Aquitain, who gave it out that their Seigniory was inseparably annex’d to the Crown of England.
54. Lancaster — Who when he had dispossess’d Richard the second, and obtain’d the Kingdom of England; he considering that being now King, he could not bear the title of Duke of Lancaster, and unwilling that the said title should be discontinued, ordain’d by assent of Parliament, that Henry his present Son should enjoy the same, and be stil’d Prince of Wales, Duke of Aquitain, Lancaster, and Cornwall, and Earl of Chester: and also, that the Liberties and Franchises of the Dutchy of Lancaster should remain to his said Son, sever’d from the Crown of England.
982. 12. Mother — Dame Mary.
984. 37. CAndale — Or Kendale.
985. 2. Parrs — Of whom Sir William Parr was made Lord Par, by King Henry the eighth.
988. 38. Was — Sir Thomas Wharton.
989. 46. Government — The northern English.
995. 12. Age — Or thrust out by the root of a Tree there growing.
999. 27. Daughters — Isabel.
29. Of — Sir Roger.
34. Posterity — By his former wife Margaret.
38. Countrey — And covering Treason under the mantle of Religion.
40. Honour — By actual Rebellion, in the year 1599.
46. Family — Beside the Earl of Westmorland.
48. Montacute — A Duke of Bedford.

1001. 67. PRospect — And giveth Contentment to as many as travel it.
1004. 34. Notwithstanding — Sir Thomas.
1006. 24. Miners — Who have here their Smelting-house by Derwent-side, which with his forcible Stream and their ingenious Inventions, serveth them in notable stead for easie bellows-works, hammer-works, forge-works, and sawing of Boards, not without admiration of those that behold it.
1008. 7. Baptiz’d — As saith Pontius Paulinus. For in the first plantation of Christianity among the Gentiles, such only as were of full age, after they were instructed in the Principles of Christian Religion, were admitted to Baptism; at that but twice in the year, at Easter and Whitsontide, except upon urgent necessity. At which time, they which were to be baptiz’d, were attir’d in white garments exorcised and exsuffled, with sundry Ceremonies, which I leave to the learned in Christian Antiquities.
1010. 48. Stilico — The potent Commander in the Roman State.
68. Garrison’d — The near resemblance of the name Elenborough with Olenacum, where the first Herculean Wing lay in garrison in the time of Theodosius the younger, is some motive to think that this was that Olenacum; but yet I dare not affirm it.
1013. 42. Engraven — And erected for some Victory of the Emperor’s.
1015. 42. COSS. — This Votive Altar also of a rude Stone was erected for the happy health of the Emperor Gordian the third, and his wife Furia Sabina Tranquilla, and their whole Family, by the troop of Horse-men, sirnam’d Augusta Gordiana, when Æmilius Crispinus, a native of Africa, govern’d the same under Nonnius Philippus, Lieutenant General of Britain in the year of Christ 243; as appeareth by the Consuls therein specified.AEmilius Laetus
1016. ult. Inscription — To the honour of Philip the Emperor and his Son, who flourish’d about the year of our Lord 248.
1018. 15. Dew — In Summer.
1021. 52. That — Sir Hugh.
1022. 20. Place — In this dangerous Countrey.
53. Honour — With the title of Lord Greystock.
57. To — Philip Earl of Arundel, and Lord William Howard.
1025. 60. Viz. — Sir Andrew.
1027. 63. Kent — Of the Blood-royal.
1028. 7. By — Sir Thomas.
48. To — Sir John of Strivelin, a Baron.
1037. 17. Flight — But of him more in my Annals. Nearer the Wall, beyond the river Irthing, was lately found this fair votive Altar, erected to the Goddess Nymphe of the Brigantes, for the health of the Empress Plautilla, Wife to M. Aurelius Antoninus Severus, and the whole Imperial Family, by M. Cocceius Nigrinus a Treasurer to the Emperor, when Lætus was second time Consul, with intricate connexion of Letters, which I read thus:

Questor AUGusti Numini DEVOTUS
LÆTO II. –––––

1042. 13. Anne — Now Countess of Dorset. But his Brother Sir Francis, &c.
16. Ancestors — As for the Wardens of the West-Marches against Scotland in this County, which were Noblemen of especial trust; I need to say nothing, when as by the Union of both Kingdoms under one head, that Office is now determin’d.
1070. ult. MElkrigg — Where now Women beat their Bucks on it.
1071. 27. Call’d — But what the old name was, will not easily be found.
1079. 14. The — Hairuns, now commonly call’d Heron.
1089. 18. Account — King Richard the second granted, That a Sword should be carry’d before the Mayor; and King Henry the sixth, &c.
1090. 46. Gual — Bal, Val, and Gual.
1096. 38. Necham — Insinuating that the hither part of Scotland was called Pict-land.
1097. 75. And — In barbarous Latin.
1098. 25. Floddon — Near Bramton.
41. Howards — As I have formerly specified.
1104. 17. Treason — When he devised to deprive King William Rufus of his Royal Estate, and to advance Stephen Earl of Albemarle, a Son to the Conqueror’s Sister, thereunto.
69. King — Who also made him Constable of England.
1105. 2. Kinsman — Grieviously complaining, and charging him [King Henry] with Perjury, That whereas he had solemnly sworn to him and others, that he would not challenge the Crown, but only his own Inheritance, and that King Richard should be govern’d during his life by the good Advice of the Peers of the Realm; he, to the contrary, had (by imprisonment and terrour of death) enforc’d him to resign his Crown, and usurp’d the same by the concurrence of his Faction; horribly murdering the said King, and defrauding Edward Mortimer Earl of March of his lawful right to the Crown; whom he had suffer’d to languish long in prison under Owen Glendowr, reputing those Traytors who with their own Money had procur’d his enlargement.
ult. Northumberland — By the name of John Earl of Warwick, Marshal of England, Viscount Lisle, Baron Somery, Basset and Ties, Lord of Dudley, Great Master and Steward of the King’s House.


Page. Line.
1220. 5. SON — Lodowick Esme.
26. Born — Quarterly with the Arms of Steward.
1222. 55. PACIS — That is, Knolls of Peace.
1229. 31. CAlled — In the Book of Triplicites.
1235. 41. ELphinston — Advanced to that honour by James King of Great Britain.
1236. 64. First — For their violent Oppressions.
1238. 39. LOrn — Inch-chafra, i.e. in the old Scottish tongue, the Isle of Masses; hereby may be remember’d whenas it was a most famous Abbey of the Order of St. Augustin, founded by the Earl of Strathern, about the year 1200.
54. Was — Malisse, who, in the time of King Henry the third of England, marry’d one of the heirs of Robert Muschamp a potent Baron of England. Long afterward, &c.


1244. 17. MILES — From Æmonia to the Shores of Thessalia.AEmonia
1246. 8. MARY — In our memory.
40. Death — Whereas the whole Clan commonly beareth feud, for any hurt receiv’d by any one Member thereof, by Execution of Laws, Order of Justice, or otherwise.
1250. 58. ARMS — Three Escutcheons Gules in Argent.
1265. 42. KNight — Whom he had by Queen Joan, Sister to the Duke of Somerset, and widow to King James the first, &c.
1272. ult. BRITAIN — And the Isles adjacent.
1278. 13. REquire — For the Administration of Justice.


IRELAND in General.
Page. Line.
1317. 27. TO — Sir Martin.
1320. 12. Eminent — Sir Thomas.
The Courts of IRELAND.
1325. 8. YEAR — Which seemeth yet not to have been effected.
1326. 4. Same — Nevertheless, the meer Irish did not admit them, but retain’d their own Brehon-Laws and leud Customs. And the Kings of England used a connivance therein upon some deep consideration, not vouchsafing to communicate the benefit of the English Laws, but upon especial grace to especial families or Sects; namely, the O Neales, O Conors, O Brien, O Maloghlins, and Mac Murough, which were reputed of the blood Royal among them.
8. Ireland — In the time of Sir Edward Poinings’s government.


The Division of IRELAND.
1330. 29. Dearrih — Cloemacniso.
55. Achad — Achonry.
1338. 1. YEAR — Nevertheless, in the last Rebellion, the Rebels erected a titulary Earl; and against him Queen Elizabeth granted the Title of Earl of Desmond unto James Fitz-Girald, Son to the foresaid Rebel, who shortly after dy’d issueless in the year 1601.
18. THESE — Sir Charles.
1340. 30. To — Sir Robert.
ibid. And — Sir Miles.
36. Stephen — Sir George.

1348. 69. TO — Sir James.
ult. Issue — Sir Thomas.
1349. 7. Bullein — Without issue-male. Sir Pierce, &c.
1355. 35. DEvonshire — For Sir John Carew, an English Knight, died seised thereof in the time of King Edward the third.
1358. 37. DArensis — And after the entrance of the English into Ireland, was, &c.
49. Son — William Lord Vesey.
1359. 39. Offaly — He ended this life about the year 1558. His eldest Son Girald died before his Father, leaving only one Daughter married to Sir Robert Digby. Henry his second Son succeeded, who, when he had by his wife Lady Frances, daughter to Charles Earl of Nottingham, only two daughters, William the third Son succeeded to the Earldom, who was drowned in passing into Ireland in the year 1599, having no issue. And then the title of Earl of Kildare came to Girald Fitz-Girald, Son to Edward their Uncle, who was restored to his blood in lineage, to make title by descent lineal or collateral, from his Father and Brother and all his Ancestors; any attainder or corruption of blood to the contrary notwithstanding.
1360. 14. Lost — With a fair Patrimony, seduced by the Religious pretext into Rebellion.
1362. 9. MEntioned — In the Records.
34. Was — Richard.
1364. 9. SEA — Making a Creek.
1366. 4. TEstifies — Wherein he calleth it the noble City of Ireland.
72. Palace — Or rather Banqueting-house.
1368. 11. By — Sir Henry.
Pr. pat. an. 9 Rich. II. m.1.
Here — Yet will I note thus much, which I have since happened upon in the Records. Whenas King Richard aforesaid had advanced that Robert Vere, Earl of Oxford, to be Marquiss of Dublin, and had given to him the Seigniory of Ireland during his life; he, desirous to augment his honour by more ennoblishing him with honourable Arms, granted also, that as long as he should live, and hold the said Seigniory, he should bear these Arms, Azure three Crowns, Or in a Border, in his Standards, Pennons, Coat-armors, and other things wherein Arms are to be shew’d in all Marshal matters, and elsewhere at his pleasure. But this Grant was soon after recalled, and those Arms abolished.
The County of METH.
1371. 2. SINCE — Sir Christopher.
12. For — Sir Robert Barnwell.
West METH.
1373. 17. FROM — Sir Gilbert.
1374. 33. England — As Furnivall, Burghersh, Crophull, &c.
1373. 39. BY — Sir Henry Sidney.
1379. 9. TILL — Sir Henry.
20. By — Sir Robert.
1380. 4. Which — Sir Robert.
33. Brother — Sir Donell.
1383. 46. THEM — Sir Richard.
1384. 50. Related — Out of my Annals.
1387. 16. OF — Sir Coniers Clifford.
The Lords of CONAGHT.
1390. 10. MEntioned — Under countenance of which name, they for a long time tyranniz’d over the poor Inhabitants with most grievous Exactions.
1391. 14. OF — Sir John.
1394. 1. TO — Sir John.
1393. 34. OF — Sir Henry.
1396. 17. HERE — Was Mac-Gwir, until he overthrew himself and his State in the late Rebellion.
37. DEputy— Sir William.
1397. 44. MAgonius — As a Nurse-Father, out of a British word.
1398. ult. By — Sir John Curcy.

1399. 33. BY — Sir Nicholas.
42. Ulster — Whether they were Vassals to O-Neal, and whether, &c.
1400. 51. Too — At Kirk-Patrick.
1401. 44. Peninsula — Called the Andes.
1403. 12. Saying — When he was moved to build a Castle for his own defence.
56. BY — Sir Henry.
1405. 1. Till — Sir John.
4. By — Sir Richard.
21. Till — Sir John.
1408. 4. IT — But this County, without confining, is escheated to the King, who graciously purposing a civil Plantation of those unreformed and waste parts; is pleased to distribute the said Lands to his civil Subjects; and the City of London hath undertaken to plant Colonies there.
1407. 12. EUgenius — Which name the Irish have contracted into Eogain and Oen.
1411. 5. O-Neal — Who had then assembled and armed all the power he cou’d possibly against the English.
53. Donegall — That is, the town of the Gallicians in Spain.
68. Died — And this Rory his Successor, practising new Treason against King James his Advancer, upon the Terror of a guilty Conscience, fled the Realm in the year 1607, and died at Rome.
1412. 58. Day — Sir John.
1414. ult. Care — If they were wrought and confirm’d to orderly Civility.
The ancient and modern Customs of the IRISH.
1417. 44. SAY — But whereas I have incidently happened of better Observations concerning this Brehon Law and Tanistry, diligently collected by Sir John Davis, his Majesty’s Attorney General in Ireland, I hope I may with his good leave impart some of them to publick knowledge in his own words. The several Countries or Territories possess’d by the Irishry were in number sixty and upwards, and some being greater, and some less, did in extent and scope of Land contain two parts of the Kingdom at least. In every one of these Countries there was a chief Lord or Captain, and under him a Tanist, which was his successor apparent; both these were elected of the Country, who commonly made choice of such as were most active, and had most sword-men, and followers depending upon him. The chief Lord had certain Lands in Demesne, which were called his Loghtii, or Mensall Lands in Demesne, where he placed his principal Officers, namely, his Brehon, his Marshal, his Cup-bearer, his Physician, his Surgeon, his Chronicler, his Rhimer, and others: which Offices and Professions were hereditary and peculiar to certain Septs and Families. He had also small rents of Money, and Cows, and customary Duties of Oatmeal, Butter, and the like, out of the Lands in the Country, except the Lands of the Church, and such of his kinsmen and followers, to whom he granted a special discharge or freedom. Besides, he had a general Tallage, or cutting high or low at his pleasure, upon all the Inheritance, which he took commonly when he made war, either with his neighbours, or against the Crown of England, or made a journey to the State, or gave any entertainment; so as the whole Profits of the Country were at his disposition when he listed: and so made the Inhabitants like the Villains of England, upon whom their Lords had power Tallier Haut and Bas, as the Phrase of our Law is; whereupon the English call this kind of exaction by the name of cutting. This chief Lord had his Cosharies upon his tenants, that is, he and his would lie upon them until they had eat up all their Provisions. He would likewise employ upon them his horsemen, his kernes, his horse-boys, his dog-boys, and the like, to be fed and maintained by them, which kept the poor people in continual slavery and beggery. The Tanist had also a special portion of Land, and certain Chiefry proper to the Tanist, and within the limits of his portion he had also his cuttings and his Cosharies. The rest of the Land being distributed among several Septs, every Sept had a Chief or Canfinie, as they called him, with a Tanist of that Sept, both which were chosen by the chief Lord or Captain of the Countrey, and had likewise their several Portions and Chiefries. These Captainships or Chiefries were not partable, but were entirely enjoyed by such as were elected thereunto. All the rest of the Lands, except the portions of the Chiefs and Tanists, descended in course of Gavelkind, and were partable among the Males only; in which division, the Bastards had their Portions as well as the legitimate. For offences and matters criminal, none was so hainous or of so high a nature, as that it was capital; for Treason against the chief Lord, and Murder, were finable; the Fine they called an Ericke, which was assessed by the Lord and his Brehons. In case of Treason, the Lord had all the Fine; in case of Murder, the Lord had one Moiety, and the kindred of the Party slain the other Moiety; so as they never forfeited their possessions or their lands for any offence. Howbeit their Lands were seized by the Lord for their Fines, until the same were levied thereupon, and then restored. Rape was finable in like sort, but Theft deserved praise and reward, if the stealth were brought into the Country; because the Lord had a share, and the Country thereby became the richer. But the theft committed in the Country, and carried out, if the Thief were apprehended before his Friend made offer of his Fine, he was commonly punished with death. But the Lord in that case might take an Ericke if he would. Upon the stealth of any Cattle, if the owner followed the track (wherein the Irish are incredible cunning, insomuch as they will find the same by the bruising of a grass in the summer-time) if the party unto whose land the Track is brought, cannot make it off to some other Land, he is to answer the stealth to the owner. And this being an Irish Law or Custom, is at this day observ’d both by the English and Irish, the same being ratified by an Act of Council in the Earl of Sussex his government, as fit and necessary for that Kingdom. The Brehons, assisted

Page. Line. by certain Scholars, who had learned many rules of the Civil and Canon Law, rather by tradition than by reading, gave judgment in all Causes, and had the eleventh part of the thing adjudged for their Fee, and the chief Lord’s Marshal did execution. These are the principal rules and grounds of the Brehon Law, which the makers of the Statutes of Kilkenny did not without cause call a lewd custom; for it was the cause of much lewdness and barbarism. It gave countenance and encouragement to theft, rape and murder; it made all possessions uncertain, whereby it came to pass that there was no building of Houses and Towns, nor education of Children in learning or Civility, no exercise of trades or handicrafts, no improvement or manuring of lands, no industry or virtue in use among them, but the people were bred in looseness and idleness, which hath been the true cause of all the mischiefs and miseries in that Kingdom.

The Smaller
in the
British Ocean.
Page. Line.
1435. 3. DEmetrius — Who seemeth to have liv’d in Hadrian’s time.
The HEBRIDES, or Western Isles.
1461. 28. βȣδας — Which names have some consonant affinity with Epidium, the Promontory of Britain opposite to them; and an Isle among these so named.
1462. 12. English — Under the Conduct of Sir William Norris, in the year 1575.
The ORCADES, or Isles of Orkney.
1469. 57. THEM — If we may believe Tacitus; but questionless they were known in the time of Claudius the Emperor; for Pomponius Mela, who then lived, mentioneth them. Yet doubtless, Orosius is untrue, in that he writeth, that Claudius conquered them.
1470. 1. For, Picts — The Saxons.
9. vl — 40.
26. 1468 — 1498.
The Thule of the Ancients.
1484. 19. FISH — Which we call Stockfish.
Islands in the German Ocean.
1502. 55. AFterwards — When the Danes rifled and robbed all the Sea-coasts.
1504. 44. Franks — Called SALII.
British Islands on the Coast of FRANCE.
1507. 25. WEather — This Aldeerney lieth in the chief trade of all shipping passing from the Eastern parts to the West: three leagues distant from the coast of Normandy, thirty from the nearest part of England, extended from South-east to the North-west, and containeth about eight miles in circuit, the South shore consisting of high Cliffs. The Air is healthful, the Soil sufficiently rich, full of fresh Pastures and Corn-fields: yet the Inhabitants poor, through a custom of parting their Lands into small parcels by Gavelkind. The Town is situate well-near in the midst of the Isle, having a Parish-Church, and about eighty Families, with an Harbour called Crabbic some miles off. On the East-side there is an ancient Fort, and a dwelling-house built at the charge of the Chamberlans: for the fee-farm of the Isle was granted by Queen Elizabeth to G. Chamberlane, Son to Sir Leonard Chamberlane of Shirburne in Oxfordshire, when he recovered it from the French. And under this Fort, the Sand with violent drifts from the Northwest overlaid the Land, so that now it serveth thereabout most for Conies.
1507. 65. Rocks — Which have their several Eddies; and therefore are dreaded, &c.
65. Casquets — Out of one of the which properly named Casquet, there gusheth a most sweet Spring of fresh water, to the great comfort of the Island fishermen beating up and down hereabout. At these, to remember incidently (that the memory of a well-deserving Patriot may not perish) the Fleet, which John Philpot Citizen of London set forth and manned at his own private charges, had a glorious Victory over a rabble of Pirates, who impeached all traffick, taking their Captain, and fifteen Spanish Ships that consorted with them. Which worthy man also maintained one thousand Soldiers at his own pay for the defence of the Realm against the French, who sore infested the southern coast in the beginning of the reign of King Richard the second, to omit his great loans to the King, and other good and laudable offices to his Country.
1514. 22. Him — Under Queen Elizabeth.
1515. 57. Possession — And verily Evan a Welsh Gentleman, descended from the Princes of Wales, and serving the French King, surprized Garnsey in the time of King Edward the third, but soon lost it.

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The Cassiterides, or Silly Islands.
1523. 10. ST. Mary — Having a Town so named, and is about eight miles in compass, offereth a good Harbour to Sailors in a sandy Bay, wherein they may anchor at six, seven and eight fathom; but in the entry lie some Rocks on either side. It hath had anciently a Castle, which hath yielded to the force of time. But for the same Queen Elizabeth in the year 1593. when the Spaniards, called-in by the Leaguers of France, began to nestle in Little Britain, built a new Castle with fair and strong Ravelins, and named the same Stella Maria, in respect both of the Ravelins, which resemble the rays of a Star, and the name of the Isle; for defence whereof she there placed a garrison under the command of Sir Francis Godolphin.
1525. 25. Samothracia — Hitherto have I extended the British Sea, both upon the credit of Pomponius Mela, who stretcheth it to the coast of Spain; and upon the authority of the Lord Great Admiral of England, which extendeth so far. For the Kings of England were, and are rightful Lords of all the North and West Sea-coasts of France (to say nothing of the whole Kingdom and Crown of France) as who, to follow the track of the Sea-coast, wan the Counties of Guines, Mark, and Oye, by the Sword, were true heirs to the county of Ponthieu and Monstreville by Eleanor the wife of King Edward the first, the only heir thereof. In like manner most certain heirs to the Dutchy of Normandy by King William the Conqueror, and thereby superior Lords of Little Britain dependant thereof; undoubted heirs of the counties of Anjou, Tourain, and Maine, from King Henry the second, whose Patrimony they were: likewise of the County of Poictou, and Dutchy of Aquitaine or Guyenne, by Eleanor the true heir of them, wife to the said Henry the second; to omit the Counties of Tholouse, March, the homage of Avergne, &c. Of all which the French by their arrests of pretended forfeitures and confiscations have disseized the Crown of England, and annex’d them to the Crown of France; taking advantage of our most unhappy civil dissentions: whereas in former ages the French Kings were so fore-closed by these territories, as they had no access at all to the Ocean.

History of the O-Neals,
Their Rebellions in IRELAND.

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1. 10. BRUS — Brother to Robert King of Scotland.
2. 1. Them — Often saying, that Language bred Conversation, and consequently their confusion; that Wheat gave sustenance with like effect: and by building they should do as the Crow doth; Make her nest, to be beaten out by the Hawk.
31. O-Neal — By an old Shoe cast over his head.
3. 10. For, H. — Sir Henry.
77. Proceedings — Sir Henry.
5. 70. For, Henry — Sir Henry.
6. 2. William — Sir William.
28. Richard — Sir Richard.
47. William — Sir William.
48. William — Sir William.
50. Him — Exhibited an humble submission upon his knees to the Lord Deputy, wherein he dolefully expressed his great grief that the Queen had conceived indignation against him, as of one undutiful and disloyal. He acknowledged that the late absenting himself from the State was disagreeable to his obedience; albeit it was occasioned by some hard measures of the late Lord Deputy, as though he and the Marshal had combined for his destruction. He acknowledged that the Queen advanced him to high title and great livings, that she ever upheld him and enabled him; that she, who by grace had advanced him, was able by her force to subvert him; and therefore if he were void of gratitude, yet he could not be so void of reason, as to word his own ruine.
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6. 71. Him — But when it was put to question generally.
74. Time — Pretending certain weighty considerations, and that the Articles exhibited were without proof or time.
7. 11. For, John — Sir John.
23. Henry — Sir Henry.
25. John — Sir John.
33. Countrey — Both in Irish and English; and pardon offered to all that would submit.
37. For, J. — Sir John.
45. J. — Sir John.
46. Flanders — For the Queen had selected him as a man of especial trust and reputation, to be used martially in such Journeys as the Deputy himself in person could not undertake, in consideration that he had performed divers honourable Services, was now President of Mounster, and had formerly commanded the Britain Companies, which were to serve principally in this action.
55. For, Henry — Sir Henry.
56. Robert — Sir Robert.
62. That — Sir Henry.
8. 21. For, Owen — Sir Owen.
34. Henry — Sir Henry.
48. Deputy — Sir William.
61. Rebells — That they should lay down their Arms, disperse their Forces, acknowledge submissively their Disloyalties, admit Sheriffs in their Governments, re-edifie the Forts they had defaced, suffer the Garrisons to live without disturbance, make restitution

Page. Line. of Spoils taken, confess upon their Oath how far they have dealt with foreign Princes, and renounce all foreign Aid, &c.
10. 39. Passage — Within the space of the Moiry.
65. For, Thomas — Sir Thomas.
11. 26. Robert — Sir Robert.
31. With — Sir John.
53. For, Henry — Sir Henry.
57. Armach — As he marched with divers Troops.
12. 4. For, Thomas — Sir Thomas.
13. 2. H. — Sir Henry.
31. Coigniers — Sir Coniers.
14. 42. Council — That his Proceeding answer’d neither her direction, nor the World’s expectation.
64. Princes — And the Rebels encouraged by this unfortunate Success.
15. 3. England — Accompanied with some Men of Quality.
12. Leave — And also had treated with the Rebels to her dishonour privately, and upon equal terms, with condition of Toleration of Religion, and to her disservice, when as the Rebels made profit of all Cessations.
16. 13. For, Charles — Sir Charles.
60. Henry — Sir Henry.
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16. 61. And — Sir Matthew.
64. That — Sir Henry.
17. 27. For, John — Sir John.
32. Henry — Sir Henry.
41. Leinster — A secure Receptable of Rebels.
55. For, Richard — Sir Richard.
56. Oliver — Sir Oliver.
18. 21. George — Sir George.
40. Richard — Sir Richard.
19. 21. Henry — Sir Henry.
23. Henry — Sir Henry.
32. Richard — Sir Richard.
33. Oliver — Sir Oliver.
35. Henry — Sir Henry.
ibid. Oliver — Sir Oliver.
37. Richard — Sir Richard.
43. Henry — Sir Henry.
69. William — Sir William.
70. Henry — Sir Henry.
71. J. — Sir John.
20. 20. Henry — Sir Henry.
ibid. William — Sir William.
21. 37. Henry — Sir Henry.
51. Christopher — Sir Christopher.
22. 72. Charles — Sir Charles.

A Continuation of the
History of the Kings of Man.

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33. 27. For,   WILLIAM — Sir William.

Last updated Sunday, March 27, 2016 at 11:52