Britannia, by William Camden



Big I IN the year of our Lord 1065. dy’d Edward King of England of blessed memory; to whom Harold son of Godwin succeeded. Harold Harfager King of Norway gave him battle, at Stainfordbridge, but was beaten, and all his men fled. After this flight, one Godred sirnamed Crovan the son of Harold the black, escaping out of Iseland, came to Godred the son of Syrric, King of Man at that time, and was honourably entertain’d by him.

The same year William the Bastard conquered England; and Godred the son of Syrric King of Man dy’d, and was succeeded by his son Fingall.

An. 1066. Godred Crovan got a numerous fleet together, and arriv’d at Man, where he fought with the inhabitants, but was overcome and put to flight. Having rally’d his forces, and his fleet, he landed again at Man, fought the inhabitants, and was routed by them. Having rais’d a great army the third time, he came by night to the port called Ramsa, and laid an ambuscade of three hundred men in a wood upon the † Devexo.bending brow of a hill call’d Scacafel. As soon as the sun was up, the inhabitants put themselves in order of Battle, and fell upon Godred with great violence. When both parties were close engag’d, the three hundred men that lay in ambush, came out to the assistance of their Country-men, and put the Inhabitants of the Island to flight. When they saw themselves overcome, and no place to retreat to (for the tide was in, so that there was no passing the river Ramsa; and the enemy was at their heels, pursuing them) they petition’d Godred with cries and tears to spare their lives. Godred, being mov’d with compassion at the calamitous condition of a people, among whom he had himself been brought up for some time; recall’d his army, and hinder’d them from making further pursuit. The next day, Godred gave his army their choice, whether they would divide the lands of this Isle among them and live here, or seize the wealth and substance of the Country, and return home. But his army was rather for spoilmg the Island, and enriching themselves with the goods of it; and then for departing. However, Godred himself, with some of the Islanders, who stay’d with him, settled in the south part of the Island, and granted the north part to the remains of the natives, upon condition that none of them should ever presume to claim any part of it by way of inheritance. Hence, to this very day, the whole Island is the King’s; and all the rents arising out of it, belong to him. Godred then reduced Dublin, and a great part of Laynestir. leinster As for the Scots, he brought them to such subjection, that if any of them built a ship or a boat, they were not allowed to have * * Plus quam tres clavos inserere.above three sterns in it. He reign’d sixteen years, and dy’d in the Island call’d Yle; leaving three sons, Lagman, Harald, and Olave. Lagman being eldest, seiz’d the Kingdom, and reign’d seven years. His brother Harald continued a long time in rebellion against him; but being at last taken by Lagman, he had his privy members cut off, and his eyes put out. Afterwards Lagman was so deeply concern’d for having put out his brother’s eyes, that he renounc’d the Kingdom, and with the sign of the cross went in pilgrimage to Jerusalem; in which pilgrimage he dy’d.

1089. As soon as the Nobility of the Island receiv’d the news of Lagman’s death, they dispatch’d their Ambassadors to Murecard O-Brien King of Ireland, desiring that he would send them some diligent person of Royal extraction, to Rule here, during the minority of Olave the son of Godred. The King readily consented, and sent one Dopnald the son of Tade, with orders and instructions to govern the Kingdom which belong’d not to him, with tenderness and modesty. But as soon as he was advanc’d to the throne, without regarding the commands of his Lord, he grew grievous to the people by his tyrannies, and reigned three years with great cruelty and wickedness. The Nobility, being no longer able to endure this oppression, unanimously conspir’d, and took up arms, and banish’d him. Upon that, he fled into Ireland, and never return’d.

1097. One Ingemund was sent by the King of Norway, to obtain the soveraignty of these Islands. When he came to the Isle Leod, he sent to all the great men of the Islands, commanding them to assemble and make him King. In the mean while, he with his companions, did nothing but plunder, and feast, and ravish the women, wives, and virgins; giving himself wholly to such beastly lusts and pleasures. As soon as the great men of the Islands were acquainted with these things; being now assembled to make him King, they were so enraged, that they immediately march’d thither; and coming to his house in the night, set it on fire; so that he and his whole retinue were destroy’d either by fire or sword.

1098. was founded the Abby of S. Mary at Cistercium. Antioch was taken by the Christians; and a Comet appeared.

The same year was fought a battle between the Inhabitants of the Isle of Man at Santwat; those of the north part got the victory. In this engagement were slain Earl Other, and Macmaras, the Leaders of the two Parties.

The same year, Magnus, King of Norway, the son of Olave, son of Harald Harfager, out of curiosity to know whether the Corps of St. Olave, King and Martyr, did remain uncorrupted; commanded his tomb to be open’d. This order being oppos’d by the Bishop and his Clergy, the King himself came in person, and had it open’d by force. And when with his own eyes and hands, he found the body sound and unputrified, he fell into great fears, and went away in all haste. The next night, Olavus, King and Martyr, appear’d to him, saying, Take thy choice of these two offers, either to lose thy life and Kingdom within thirty days; or to leave Norway and be content never to see it more. As soon as the King awak’d, he call’d his Nobles and the Elders of his people together, and told them the vision. Being frighten’d at it, they gave him this Counsel, That with all haste he should depart out of Norway. Upon this, he prepar’d a fleet of a hundred and sixty ships, and set sail for the Orcades, which he soon conquer’d; from whence he went on with success and victory through all the Islands, till he came to that of Man. Being landed there, he went to St. Patrick’s Isle, to see the place where the Islanders had engag’d a little before; for many of the dead bodies were yet unburied. This sweet and pleasant Island pleased him so well, that he resolv’d to seat himself in it; and to that end built forts and strong holds, which retain his name to this day. Those of Gallway were so much aw’d by him, that at his command they cut down wood, and brought it to the shore, to make his Bulwarks withal. Next, he sailed to Monia, an Island of Wales, where he found two Hughs, both Earls; one of them he slew, the other he put to flight, and conquer’d the Island. Monia for Anglesey, v. Girald. Cambrensem in Itinerario Cambriæ. The Welsh made him many Presents; and so, taking his leave of them, he return’d to Man. To Murecard, King of Ireland, he sent his shoes, commanding him to carry them upon his shoulders through the middle of his house, on Christmas-day in sight of his Messengers, to signify his subjection to King Magnus. The Irish received this news with great wrath and indignation. But the King consider’d better, and told them, he would not only carry, but also eat his shoes, rather than King Magnus should destroy one Province in Ireland. So he comply’d with this order, and honourably entertained his Messengers; and set them back with many presents to him, and made a league with him. Being return’d, they gave their Master an account of Ireland; describing its situation, and pleasantness, its fruitfulness, and the excellency of its air. Magnus hearing this, turn’d his thoughts wholly upon the Conquest of that Country. For this end, he gave orders to fit out a fleet; and went before with sixteen ships, to take a view of the Country: but, having unwarily left his ships, he was beset by the Irish, and cut off, with most of those that were with him. His body was bury’d near St. Patrick’s Church in Down. He reigned six years. After his death, the Noblemen of this Island sent for Olave, son of Godred Crouan, who liv’d in the Court of Henry King of England, the son of William.

1102. Olave, son of Godred Crouan, began his reign; which continu’d forty years. He was a peaceable Prince, and in league with all the Kings of Ireland and Scotland. His wife was Africa, the daughter of Ferguse of Gallway; by whom he had Godred. By his Concubines he had also Regnald, Lagman, and Harald, besides many daughters; one of whom was marry’d to Summerled Prince of * * Argile.Herergaidel; which prov’d the ruin of the Kingdom of the Isles. By her he had four sons, Dulgall, Raignald, Engus, and Olave.

sun 1133. The Son was so eclips’d on the fourth of the Nones of August, that the day was as dark as night.

1134. Olave gave to Yvo, Abbot of Furnes, part of his lands in Man, towards building an Abby in a place called Russin. He augmented the † Rem Ecclesiasticam.Churches of the Islands both with new Revenues, and new Immunities.

1142. Godred, the son of Olave, sail’d over to the King of Norway, who was call’d Hinge, and did him homage: he staid there some time, and was honourably received. This same year, the three sons of Harald brother of Olave, who were bred at Dublin, came to Man, with a great multitude of people, and such as the King had banish’d; demanding one half of the Kingdom of the Isles for their share. The King, being willing to please them, answer’d, That he would take the advice of his Council about it. Having agreed upon the time and place for their meeting, these villains enter’d into a plot against the King’s life. At the day appointed, both Parties met at the haven call’d Ramsa, and sat in ranks; the King with his Council on the one side, and they and their gang on the other; and Regnald (who was to dispatch him) in the middle, talking, apart, with one of the Noblemen. When the King call’d him, he turned himself as though he would salute him; but lifting up a shining ax, he cut off his head at one blow. When they had executed this villany, and divided the Island among them; after some few days they got a fleet together, and set sail for Gallway, intending to make a Conquest of it. But the people, being in arms ready to receive them, fell upon them with great violence. Upon this, they fled back to Man in much disorder; where they either kill’d or banish’d all the Gallway-men they could meet with.

1143. Godred, Son of Olave, returning from Norway, was made King of Man. To revenge the death of his father, he put out the eyes of two of Harold’s sons, and the third he put to death.

1144. Godred began his reign, and reign’d thirty years. In the third year of his reign, the people of Dublin sent for him, and made him King of Dublin. Murecard King of Ireland rais’d war against him, and as he lay encamp’d before the City called Coridelis, sent Osibel, his half brother, by the mother’s side, with three thousand horse to Dublin, who was slain by Godred and the Dublinians, and his army routed. After this, he return’d to Man, and began to tyrannize here, depriving his Nobles of their estates: one of them called Thorfin, the son of Oter, mightier than the rest, went to Sumerled, and made Dubgall his son, King of the Isles, many of which he reduced to subjection. Godred hearing of these proceedings by one Paul, set out a fleet, and steer’d towards Sumerled, who came against him with a fleet of eighty sail.

1156. They came to an engagement by sea, * * Nocte Epiphaniæ.the night before the feast of Epiphany; and after great slaughters on both sides, concluded a peace the next day, agreeing to divide the Kingdom of the Isles between them: from which time it hath continued two several Kingdoms to this day. So that from the moment that Sumerled’s sons had to do with the Kingdom of the Isles, we may date its downfall and overthrow.

1158. Sumerled came to Man with a fleet of fifty three sail, and put Godred to flight, and spoil’d the Island; upon which, Godred sail’d over to Norway for aid against Sumerled.

1164. Sumerled set out a fleet of one hundred and sixty ships, and arriv’d with them at Rhinfrin, intending to conquer all Scotland. But by the just Judgment of God, he was vanquished there by a very few, and he, together with his son and a vast multitude, slain.

The same year, a battle was fought at Ramsa, between Reginald, Godred’s brother, and the people of Man; wherein those of Man were put to flight, by the treachery of a certain Earl.

Now also Reginald began his reign; which had not continued four days, till Godred his brother invaded him with a great army from Norway, and having taken him, put out his eyes, and cut off his privy members. The same year, dy’d Malcolm King of Scotland, and was succeeded by his brother William.

1166. In August there appeared two Comets before sun-rise; one in the south, the other in the north.

1171. Richard Earl of Pembroke sailed into Ireland, and subdu’d Dublin, and a great part of Ireland.

1176. John Curcy conquer’d Ulster, and Vivian the Pope’s Legat came into Man, and made King Godred to be lawfully marry’d to his wife Phingola, daughter to Mac-Lotlen, son of Murkartac, King of Ireland, the mother of Olave, then three years old. They were marry’d by Sylvan the Abbot, to whom Godred the very same day gave a parcel of land at Mirescoge, where he built a Monastery; but this, together with the Monks, was at last made over to the Abbey of Russin.

1172. Reginald, the son of Eac-Marcat, of the blood royal, coming into Man in the King’s absence with a great body of men, presently put to flight those who guarded the Coast, and slew about thirty of them; but the inhabitants rising, fell upon him, and the same day slew him and most of his party.

1183. O-Fogolt was * * Vice Comes.Sheriff of Man.

1185. There happened an Eclipse of the sun on St. Philip and Jacob’s day.

1187. On the fourth of the Ides of November, Godred, King of the Isles, departed this life; and the Summer following, his body was convey’d to the Isle of Hy. He left three sons, Reginald, Olave, and Yvar. In his life-time, he made Olave his heir; being the only legitimate son that he had. But (Olave being scarce ten years old) the people sent for Reginald out of the Isles, and made him King.

1188. Reginald, the son of Godred, began his reign over the Islands; and Murchard, a man of great interest in the Isles, was slain.

1192. A battle was fought between Reginald and Engus, the sons of Sumerled; wherein Engus got the victory.

The same year the Abbey of Russin was translated to Dufglas; yet the Monks, about four years after, return’d to Russin.

1203. Michael, Bishop of the Isles, dy’d at Fontans, and was succeeded by Nicholas.

1204. Hugh de Lacy brought an army into Ulster, and fought John Curcy, and took him prisoner, and conquer’d Ulster. Afterwards, he set John at liberty; who thereupon came to King Reginald, and was honourably receiv’d, as being his son-in-law: for Africa, Godred’s daughter (she who founded the Abbey of St. Mary de Jugo Domini, and was bury’d there) was John de Curcy’s wife.

1205. John Curcy, and Reginald King of the Isles, enter’d Ulster with an hundred ships, at the haven call’d Stranfeord, and laid siege to Rath Castle. But Walter de Lacy came upon them with an army, and put them to flight. After that, Curcy could never recover his Territories.

1210. Engus, the son of Sumerled, was slain, with his three sons.

John, King of England, arriv’d in Ireland with a fleet of 500 ships, and conquer’d it, and sent a certain Earl, called Fulco, to Man; who wasted the whole Country in a fortnight, and taking hostages, return’d home. King Reginald and his Nobles were not in Man at that time.

1217. Nicholas, Bishop of the Isles, dy’d, and was bury’d in Ulster, in the house of Benchor, and succeeded by Reginald.

I will, with the Reader’s leave, add something further, concerning the two brothers, Olave and Reginald.

REginald gave to his brother Olave the Isle of Lodhus; which is counted larger than any of the other Islands, but thinly peopled, because it is mountainous and stony, and almost every where unfit for tillage. The inhabitants live generally by hunting and fishing. Olave, thereupon, went to take possession of this Island, and dwelt there in a poor condition. Finding it too little to maintain him and his army, he went boldly to his brother Reginald, who then liv’d in the Islands, and address’d him in this manner. My brother, and my Soveraign; You know well, that the Kingdom of the Isles was mine by right of inheritance; but since God hath made you King over it, I envy not your happiness, nor do I grudge to see the crown upon your head. I only beg of you so much land in these Islands, as may be an honorable maintenance, for I am not able to live upon the Island Lodhus, which you gave me. Reginald hearing this, told his brother he would take the advice of his Council upon it; and the day after, when Olave was call’d in, he was apprehended by Reginald’s order, and carry’d to William King of Scotland, that he might be there kept in prison; where he continu’d in chains almost seven years. For in the seventh year dy’d William King of Scotland, and was succeeded by his son Alexander; but before his death, he commanded that all prisoners should be set at liberty. Olave being thus freed, came to Man, and soon after, accompanied with no small train of Nobility, went to St. James. At his Return, his brother Reginald made him marry the daughter of a Nobleman of Kentyre, his own wife’s sister, named Lavon, and gave him Lodhus again. But a few days after, Reginald Bishop of the Isles, call’d a Synod, and divorced Olave, the son of Godred, and Lavon his wife, as being the Cousin german of his former wife. Afterwards Olave married Scristina, the daughter of Ferkar Earl of Rosse.

Reginald’s wife, the Queen of the Islands, was so troubled at this news, that she sent letters, in the name of her husband King Reginald, to her son Godred in the Island of Sky, commanding him to kill Olave. As Godred was contriving to execute this order, and going to Lodhus for that end, Olave got off in a little cock-boat, and fled to his father-in-law the Earl of Rosse; while Godred in the mean time wasted the Island. At the same time, Pol, the son of Boke, Sheriff of Sky, a man of great interest in all the lslands, fled likewise (having refus’d to side with Godred) and liv’d in the Earl of Ross’s house with Olave. Making a league with Olave, they went together in one vessel to Sky. At last, they understood by their Spies, that Godred lay secure and negligent, with a very few men, in a certain Island call’d St. Columbs. So, they got together their friends and companions, and with such volunteers as would go with them, they set sail in the middle of the night with five ships, which they got from the opposite shore, distant about two furlongs from the foresaid Island, and beset St. Columbs. Godred and his company, next morning, perceiving themselves encompass’d by an Enemy, were in great consternation. However, they took arms, and, though to no purpose, manfully endeavour’d to withstand them. For Olave, and Pol the aforesaid Sheriff, landed about nine a-clock with their whole army, and cut off all they met with; those excepted, who had taken sanctuary in the Churches. Godred was taken, and had his eyes put out, and his privy members cut off. However, this was against Olave’s will; for he would have sav’d him: but the son of Boke, the Sheriff, aforesaid, would not suffer it. This was done in the year 1223. Next summer, Olave having receiv’d pledges of the Noblemen of the Isles, set sail for Man with a fleet of thirty two ships, and arriv’d at Rognolfwaht. At this time, Reginald and Olave divided the Kingdom of the Isles between them; but Reginald was to have Man over and above, together with the title of King. Olave having furnish’d himself with provisions in the Isle of Man, return’d with his company to his part of the Islands. Reginald, the year following, taking Alan Lord of Gallway along with him, went with the people of the Isle of Man, to disseise his brother Olave of the land he had given him, and to reduce and add it to his own dominion. But the people of Man being unwilling to fight against Olave and the Islanders, whom they lov’d very well; Reginald and Alan Lord of Gallway were forc’d to return home without effecting any thing. A little while after, Reginald pretending a journey to the Court * * Domini Regis Angliæ.of his Lord the King of England, rais’d an hundred marks upon the people of the Island; and then went to the Court of Alan Lord of Gallway. During his stay there, he marry’d his daughter to Alan’s son. The people of Man received this news with such indignation, that they sent for Olave, and made him King.

1226. Olave recover’d his inheritance, namely, the Kingdom of Man, and of the Isles, which his brother Reginald had govern’d for thirty eight years; and reign’d quietly two years.

1228. Olave, accompany’d with all the Nobility, and the military part of the people of Man, sail’d over to the Isles. A while after that, Alan Lord of Gallway, Thomas Earl of Athol, and King Reginald, came into Man with a great army; and wasted all the south part of the Island, and spoil’d the Churches, and put all the inhabitants they could meet with to the sword; so that the whole south part of the Island was in a manner desolate. After Alan had thus ravaged the Country, he returned with his army; leaving his Bailiffs in Man, to collect the tribute of the Country, and send it to him. King Olave coming upon them, unawares, put them to flight, and recover’d his Kingdom. Whereupon, the people who had been dispersed and scattered, got together again, and began to live securely in their old homes.

The same year, King Reginald came by surprize in the dead of the night in winter, with five sail of ships, from Galway, and burnt all the ships that belong’d to his brother Olave and the Nobility of Man, at the Isle of S. Patrick; and tarry’d forty days after in Ragnollwath-haven, desiring peace of his brother. During his abode, he won-over to his interest all the inhabitants of the south part of Man; so that they swore they would lose their lives, rather than he should not be restor’d to half of the Kingdom. Olave, on the other side, had secur’d those of the north to his Interest; and so on the fourteenth of February, at a place called Tinguall, the two brothers came to an engagement; wherein Olave had the victory; and King Reginald was slain; but without the knowledge of Olave. Certain Pirates arrived in the south part of Man, and wasted it. The Monks of Russin convey’d the Corps of King Reginald to the Abbey of S. Mary de Fournes; and there it was bury’d in a certain place which he himself had appointed before. Olave, after this, went to the King of Norway; but before his arrival, Haco King of Norway had made a certain Nobleman, call’d Husbac, the son of Owmund, King of the Sodorian Islands, and nam’d him Haco. This Haco, accompany’d by Olave, and Godred Don the son of Reginald, and many Norwegians, came to the Isles; but in taking a certain castle in the Isle of Both, he was kill’d with a stone, and buried in Jona.

1230. Olave came with Godred Don and the Norwegians to Man; and they divided the Kingdom. Olave was to have Man. Godred going to the Isles, was slain in Lodhus. So, Olave came to be sole King of the Isles.

1237. On the twelfth of the Calends of June, died Olave the son of Godred, King of

Man, in St. Patrick’s Isle; and was bury’d in the Abbey of Russin. He reign’d eleven years; two in the life-time of his brother, and nine after.

His son Harald, then fourteen years old, succeeded, and reign’d twelve years. In the first year of his reign, he went to the Isles, and made Loglen his Kinsman, Keeper of Man. In the autumn following, Harald sent three sons of Nell, viz. Dufgald, Thorquel, and Molmore, and his friend Joseph, to Man, in order to a Conference. Accordingly, on the twenty-fifth day, they met at Tingualla; where, upon a difference that happen’d between the sons of Nell, and Loglen, there ensu’d a fight, in which Dufgald, Mormor, and the said Joseph lost their lives. The spring following, King Harald came to the Isle of Man; and Loglen, who fled into Wales with Godred the son of Olave his pupil, was cast away with about forty others.

1238. Gospatrick and Gillescrist the son of Mac-Kerthac, came from the King of Norway into Man, and drove out Harald, and converted the tribute of the Country to the service of the King of Norway; because he had refused to appear in person at the Court of that King.

1239. Harald went to the King of Norway, who after two years confirm’d to him, his heirs and successors, under his Seal, all the Islands that his Predecessors had enjoy’d.

1240. Gospatric dy’d, and was buried, in the Abbey of Russin.

1242. Harald return’d out of Norway to Man, was honourably receiv’d by the Inhabitants, and was at peace with the Kings of England and Scotland.

1247. Harald, as his father had been, was Knighted by the King of England, and return’d home with many presents. The same year the King of Norway sent for him, and a match was made between Harald and his daughter. In the year 1249, as he was on his voyage homeward with his wife, accompany’d with Laurence the elect King of Man, and many of the Nobility and Gentry, he was cast away by a sudden storm near the coasts of Radland.

1249. Reginald, son of Olave and brother of Harald, began his reign the day before the Nones of May, and on the thirtieth day thereof was slain by one Yvar, a Knight, and his accomplices, in a meadow near Trinity-Church, on the south side. He was bury’d in the Church of St. Mary of Russin.

Alexander, King of Scots, prepar’d a great fleet about this time, intending to conquer the Isles; but a feaver seiz’d him in the Isle of Kerwaray, of which he dy’d.

Harald, son of Godred Don, assum’d the title of King of the Islands, and banish’d all the Noblemen of Harald, King Olave’s son, and, instead of them, recall’d such as were fled.

1250. Harald, the son of Godred Don, being summon’d by a letter from the King of Norway, went to him, and was there imprison’d for his unjust usurpation.

The same year, Magnus son of Olave, and John son of Dugald, who stil’d himself King, arriv’d at Roghalwaht; but the people of Man, taking it ill that Magnus had not the title, beat them off their coast, and many of them were cast away.

1252. Magnus, son of Olave, came to Man, and was made King. The next year, he took a voyage to the Court of Norway, and tarry’d there a year.

1254. Haco, King of Norway, made Magnus son of Olave, King of the Isles; confirming them to him and his heirs, and by name to his brother Harald.

1256. Magnus, King of Man, went into England, and there was Knighted by the King.

1257. The Church of S. Mary of Russin was consecrated by Richard Bishop of Sodor.

1260. Haco, King of Norway, came to Scotland, and without effecting any thing, dy’d in his return to the Isles of Orkney, at Kirwas, and was buried at Bergh.

1265. This year dy’d Magnus son of Olave, King of Man and of the Islands, at the castle of Russin; and was bury’d in S. Mary’s Church there.

1266. The Kingdom of the Isles was translated, by means of Alexander King of Scots.

What follows, is written in a different and later Character.

1270. On the seventh of October, the Fleet of Alexander King of Scots arriv’d at Roghalwath; and, before sun-rise next morning, a battle was fought between the Inhabitants of Man, and the Scots, who slew five hundred and thirty five of the former; whence that of a certain Poet,

L. decies, X. ter, & penta duo cecidere,
Mannica gens de te, damna futura cave.

1313. Robert, King of Scots, besieg’d the castle of Russin (which was defended by Dingawy Dowyll) and at last took it.

1316. Upon Ascension-day, Richard de Mandevile and his brothers, with others of the Irish Nobility, arriv’d at Ramaldwath, desiring a supply of provisions and money; for they had been stript of all by the continual depredations of the Enemy. When the People deny’d their request, they took the field in two bodies against those of Man, advancing till they came to the side of Warthfell-hill, in a field where John Mandevile was posted. Upon engaging, the Irish had the victory, and spoil’d the Isle and the Abbey of Russin, and, after a month’s stay, returned home, full-fraught with pillage.† † Thus far out of that ancient Book.

The end of the Chronicle of the Kings of Man.

A Continuation of the foregoing History, collected out of other Authors.

Big A ALexander the third, King of Scots, having made himself master of the Western Islands, partly by his sword, and partly by purchase from the King of Norway; at last invaded Man also, as one of that number, and by the valiant conduct of Alexander Steward, entirely subdu’d it; and set a King over the Isle, upon this condition, that he should be ready to assist him with ten ships in his wars by Sea, when ever he demanded them. However, Mary the daughter of Reginald, King of Man (who was the Liege-man of John King of England,) address’d her self to the King of England for justice in this case. Lords of Man. Answer was made, That the King of Scots was then possess’d of the Island, and she ought to apply to him. Her son’s son, John Waldebeof (for Mary married into this family) su’d again for his right in Parliament, the 33d of Edward the first, before the King of England, as Lord Paramount of Scotland. Yet all the answer he could have, was (as it is in the Record,) He may prosecute his title before the Justices of the King’s Bench; let it be heard there, and let justice be done. But what he could not effect by law, his kinsman William Montacute (for he was of the royal family of Man) obtain’d by force of arms. For having rais’d a body of English, with these raw soldiers he drove all the Scots out of the Isle. But having plung’d himself into debt by the great expence of this war, and being insolvent, he was forc’d to mortgage the Island to Anthony Bec Bishop of Durham, and Patriarch of Jerusalem, and made over all the profits to him for seven years; and quickly after, the King gave the Island to the said Anthony for term of life. Afterwards, King Edward II. gave it to his great favourite Peter de Gaveston, at the same time that he made him Earl of Cornwall. He being dead, the King gave it to Henry Beaumont with all the demesns, and royal jurisdiction thereunto belonging. Soon after this, the Scots recover’d it again, under the conduct of Robert Brus; and from that time Thomas Randolph a warlike Scot (as Alexander Duke of Albany did a long time after) stil’d himself Lord of Man,The Arms of the Kings of Man. and bore the same Arms that the later Kings of the Island did, namely Three arm’d legs of a man link’d together and bending in the hams; like the three legs naked, which were formerly stamp’d on the coins of Sicily, to signify the three Promontories. The old Coat of Arms of Sicily.Manniae But before, the Arms of the King of Man were a * * Velo complicato.Ship with the sail folded, and his title, Rex Manniæ & Insularum, King of Man and of the Isles; as I have seen both, in their Seals. Afterwards, about the year 1340, William Montacute the younger, Earl of Salisbury, rescu’d it by force of arms out of the hands of the Scots; and in the year of our Lord 1393. sold Man and the Crown thereof to William Scrope for a great sum of money, as Walsingham tells us. Scrope being afterwards beheaded, and his Estate confiscate for treason, it fell into Henry the IVth’s hands, who bestow’d it upon Henry Percy Earl of Northumberland in a kind of triumph over William Scrope (whom he, while a private man, had taken and beheaded for aspiring to the Crown;) upon this condition, That he and his posterity, at the Coronation of the Kings of England, should carry the Sword before him, which the said King Henry wore by his side, at his return to England; commonly call’d Lancaster-sword. But take the King’s own words, as they stand in the Record. An.1 H.4. Rot.2. bundle 2. We of our special grace, have given and granted to Henry Earl of Northumberland, the Isle, Castle, Pile, and Lordship of Man, with all such Islands and seigniories thereunto belonging as were the possessions of Sir William Le Scrope Knight, deceased; whom in his life we conquer’d, and do declare conquer’d; and which, by reason of this our conquest, we seiz’d into our hands. Which Conquest and Decree, as touching the person of the said William, and all the lands, tenements, goods, and chattels, as well within as without the Kingdom, belonging to him, are now, at the petition of the Commons of our Kingdom, and by the consent of the Lords Temporal assembled in Parliament, ratify’d and confirm’d, &c. To have and to hold to the said Earl and his heirs, &c. by service of carrying on every Coronation-day of us and our heirs, at the left shoulder of us and our heirs, by himself or by a sufficient and honourable deputy, that sword naked which we wore when we arriv’d in Holderness, call’d Lancafter-sword, &c. Annals of Tho. Otterborn an.7. H.4. However, this Henry Percy was attainted four years after; and though it was not long before he was restor’d in blood, yet he was depriv’d of Man; which was given first to William Stanley, and after that to John Stanley, together with the advowson of the Bishoprick, &c. whose posterity were honour’d with the title of Earls of Derby, and commonly call’d Kings of Man.


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