Life is a Dream, by Pedro Calderon de la Barca


SCENE I. — A wooded pass near the field of battle:
drums, trumpets, firing, etc. Cries of ‘God save Basilio! Segismund,’ etc.

[Enter Fife, running.]


God save them both, and save them all! say I! —

Oh — what hot work! — Whichever way one turns

The whistling bullet at one’s ears — I’ve drifted

Far from my mad young — master — whom I saw

Tossing upon the very crest of battle,

Beside the Prince — God save her first of all!

With all my heart I say and pray — and so

Commend her to His keeping — bang! — bang! — bang!

And for myself — scarce worth His thinking of —

I’ll see what I can do to save myself

Behind this rock, until the storm blows over.

[Skirmishes, shouts, firing, etc. After some time enter King Basilio, Astolfo, and Clotaldo]


The day is lost!


Do not despair — the rebels —


Alas! the vanquish’d only are the rebels.


Ev’n if this battle lost us, ’tis but one

Gain’d on their side, if you not lost in it;

Another moment and too late: at once

Take horse, and to the capital, my liege,

Where in some safe and holy sanctuary

Save Poland in your person.


Be persuaded:

You know your son: have tasted of his temper;

At his first onset threatening unprovoked

The crime predicted for his last and worst.

How whetted now with such a taste of blood,

And thus far conquest!


Ay, and how he fought!

Oh how he fought, Astolfo; ranks of men

Falling as swathes of grass before the mower;

I could but pause to gaze at him, although,

Like the pale horseman of the Apocalypse,

Each moment brought him nearer — Yet I say,

I could but pause and gaze on him, and pray

Poland had such a warrior for her king.


The cry of triumph on the other side

Gains ground upon us here — there’s but a moment

For you, my liege, to do, for me to speak,

Who back must to the field, and what man may

Do, to retrieve the fortune of the day.


Fife [falling forward, shot].

Oh, Lord, have mercy on me.


What a shriek —

Oh, some poor creature wounded in a cause

Perhaps not worth the loss of one poor life! —

So young too — and no soldier —


A poor lad,

Who choosing play at hide and seek with death,

Just hid where death just came to look for him;

For there’s no place, I think, can keep him out,

Once he’s his eye upon you. All grows dark —

You glitter finely too — Well — we are dreaming

But when the bullet’s off — Heaven save the mark!

So tell my mister — mastress —



Oh God! How this poor creature’s ignorance

Confounds our so-call’d wisdom! Even now

When death has stopt his lips, the wound through which

His soul went out, still with its bloody tongue

Preaching how vain our struggle against fate!

[Voices within].

After them! After them! This way! This way!

The day is ours — Down with Basilio, etc.


Fly, sir —


And slave-like flying not out-ride

The fate which better like a King abide!

[Enter Segismund, Rosaura, Soldiers, etc.]


Where is the King?

King [prostrating himself].

Behold him — by this late

Anticipation of resistless fate,

Thus underneath your feet his golden crown,

And the white head that wears it, laying down,

His fond resistance hope to expiate.


Princes and warriors of Poland — you

That stare on this unnatural sight aghast,

Listen to one who, Heaven-inspired to do

What in its secret wisdom Heaven forecast,

By that same Heaven instructed prophet-wise

To justify the present in the past.

What in the sapphire volume of the skies

Is writ by God’s own finger misleads none,

But him whose vain and misinstructed eyes,

They mock with misinterpretation,

Or who, mistaking what he rightly read,

Ill commentary makes, or misapplies

Thinking to shirk or thwart it. Which has done

The wisdom of this venerable head;

Who, well provided with the secret key

To that gold alphabet, himself made me,

Himself, I say, the savage he fore-read

Fate somehow should be charged with; nipp’d the growth

Of better nature in constraint and sloth,

That only bring to bear the seed of wrong

And turn’d the stream to fury whose out-burst

Had kept his lawful channel uncoerced,

And fertilized the land he flow’d along.

Then like to some unskilful duellist,

Who having over-reached himself pushing too hard

His foe, or but a moment off his guard —

What odds, when Fate is one’s antagonist! —

Nay, more, this royal father, self-dismay’d

At having Fate against himself array’d,

Upon himself the very sword he knew

Should wound him, down upon his bosom drew,

That might well handled, well have wrought; or, kept

Undrawn, have harmless in the scabbard slept.

But Fate shall not by human force be broke,

Nor foil’d by human feint; the Secret learn’d

Against the scholar by that master turn’d

Who to himself reserves the master-stroke.

Witness whereof this venerable Age,

Thrice crown’d as Sire, and Sovereign, and Sage,

Down to the very dust dishonour’d by

The very means he tempted to defy

The irresistible. And shall not I,

Till now the mere dumb instrument that wrought

The battle Fate has with my father fought,

Now the mere mouth-piece of its victory

Oh, shall not I, the champions’ sword laid down,

Be yet more shamed to wear the teacher’s gown,

And, blushing at the part I had to play,

Down where that honour’d head I was to lay

By this more just submission of my own,

The treason Fate has forced on me atone?


Oh, Segismund, in whom I see indeed,

Out of the ashes of my self-extinction

A better self revive; if not beneath

Your feet, beneath your better wisdom bow’d,

The Sovereignty of Poland I resign,

With this its golden symbol; which if thus

Saved with its silver head inviolate,

Shall nevermore be subject to decline;

But when the head that it alights on now

Falls honour’d by the very foe that must,

As all things mortal, lay it in the dust,

Shall star-like shift to his successor’s brow.

[Shouts, trumpets, etc. God save King Segismund!]


For what remains —

As for my own, so for my people’s peace,

Astolfo’s and Estrella’s plighted hands

I disunite, and taking hers to mine,

His to one yet more dearly his resign.

[Shouts, etc. God save Estrella, Queen of Poland!]

Segismund [to Clotaldo].


That with unflinching duty to your King,

Till countermanded by the mightier Power,

Have held your Prince a captive in the tower,

Henceforth as strictly guard him on the throne

No less my people’s keeper than my own.

You stare upon me all, amazed to hear

The word of civil justice from such lips

As never yet seem’d tuned to such discourse.

But listen — In that same enchanted tower,

Not long ago I learn’d it from a dream

Expounded by this ancient prophet here;

And which he told me, should it come again,

How I should bear myself beneath it; not

As then with angry passion all on fire,

Arguing and making a distemper’d soul;

But ev’n with justice, mercy, self-control,

As if the dream I walk’d in were no dream,

And conscience one day to account for it.

A dream it was in which I thought myself,

And you that hail’d me now then hail’d me King,

In a brave palace that was all my own,

Within, and all without it, mine; until,

Drunk with excess of majesty and pride,

Methought I tower’d so high and swell’d so wide,

That of myself I burst the glittering bubble,

That my ambition had about me blown,

And all again was darkness. Such a dream

As this in which I may be walking now;

Dispensing solemn justice to you shadows,

Who make believe to listen; but anon,

With all your glittering arms and equipage,

King, princes, captains, warriors, plume and steel,

Ay, ev’n with all your airy theatre,

May flit into the air you seem to rend

With acclamation, leaving me to wake

In the dark tower; or dreaming that I wake

From this that waking is; or this and that

Both waking or both dreaming; such a doubt

Confounds and clouds our mortal life about.

And, whether wake or dreaming, this I know,

How dream-wise human glories come and go;

Whose momentary tenure not to break,

Walking as one who knows he soon may wake,

So fairly carry the full cup, so well

Disorder’d insolence and passion quell,

That there be nothing after to upbraid

Dreamer or doer in the part he play’d,

Whether To-morrow’s dawn shall break the spell,

Or the Last Trumpet of the eternal Day,

When Dreaming with the Night shall pass away.


This web edition published by:

The University of Adelaide Library
University of Adelaide
South Australia 5005

Last updated Sunday, March 27, 2016 at 11:52