The Authoress of the Odyssey, by Samuel Butler

Table of Contents

  1. Importance of the enquiry — The steps whereby I was led to my conclusions — The multitude of early Greek poetesses removes any à priori difficulty — The Muses and Minerva as heads of literature — Man, rather than Woman, the interloper.
  2. The Story of the “Odyssey.”
  3. The Preponderance of Woman in the Odyssey.
  4. Jealousy for the Honour and Dignity of Woman — Severity Against Those who have Disgraced Their Sex — Love of Small Religious Observances — Of Preaching — Of White Lies and Small Play-Acting — Of Having Things Both Ways — And of Money.
  5. On the Question Whether or No Penelope is Being Whitewashed.
  6. Further Considerations Regarding the Character of Penelope — The Journey of Telemachus to Lacedæmon.
  7. Further Indications that the Writer is a Woman — Young, Headstrong, and Unmarried.
  8. That Ithaca and Scheria are Both of Them Drawn from Trapani and its Immediate Neighbourhood.
  9. The Ionian and the ÆGadean Islands — The Voyages of Ulysses Shown to Be Practically a Sail Round Sicily from Trapani.
  10. Further Details Regarding the Voyages of Ulysses, to Confirm the View that They Were Mainly a Sail Round Sicily, Beginning and Ending with Mt. Eryx and Trapani.
  11. Who was the Writer?
  12. The Date of the Poem, and a Comparison of the State of the North Western Part of Sicily as Revealed to Us in the Odyssey, with the Account Given by Thucydides of the Same Territory in the Earliest Known Times.
  13. Further Evidence in Support of an Early Ionian Settlement at or Close to Trapani.
  14. That the Iliad which the Writer of the Odyssey Knew was the Same as what We Now have.
  15. The Odyssey in its Relation to the Other Poems of the Trojan Cycle, and its Development in the Hands of the Authoress.
  16. Conclusion.

List of Illustrations

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