Anatomy of Melancholy, by Robert Burton
Cure of melancholy is either
- Sect 1. General to all, which contains
- Unlawful means forbidden,
- Memb. 1. From the devil, magicians, witches, &c., by charms, spells, incantations,
- Quest. 1. Whether they can cure this, or other such like diseases?
- Quest. 2. Whether, if they can so cure, it be lawful to seek to them for help?
- or Lawful means, which are
- Memb. 2. Immediately from God, a Jove principium by prayer
- Memb. 3. Quest. 1. Whether saints and their relics can help this infirmity?
- Quest. 2. Whether it be lawful to sue to them for aid.
- or Memb. 4. Mediately by Nature which concerns and works by
- Subsect. 1. Physician, in whom is required science, confidence,
- Subsect. 2. Patient, in whom is required obedience, constancy,
willingness, patience, confidence, bounty, &c., not to practise on himself.
- Subsect. 3. Physic, which consists of
- Dietetical ♈
- Pharmaceutical ♉
- Chirurgical ♊
- or Particular to the three distinct species, ♋ ♌
♈ Sect. 2. Dietetical, which consists in reforming those six non-natural
things, as in
- Diet rectified 1. Memb.
- Matter and quality 1 Subs.
- Such meats as are easy of digestion, well-dressed, hot, sod, &c., young, moist, of good nourishment,
- Bread of pure wheat, well-baked.
- Water clear from the fountain.
- Wine and drink not too strong, &c.
- Mountain birds, partridge, pheasant, quails, &c. Hen, capon, mutton, veal, kid, rabbit, &c.
- That live in gravelly waters, as pike, perch, trout, sea-fish, solid, white, &c.
- Borage, bugloss, balm, succory, endive, violets, in broth, not raw, &c.
- Fruits and roots.
- Raisins of the sun, apples corrected for wind, oranges, &c., parsnips, potatoes, &c.
- or Subs. 2. Quantity.
- At seasonable and unusual times of repast, in good order, not before the first be concocted, sparing, not overmuch
of one dish.
- Memb. 2. Rectification of retention and evacuation, as costiveness, venery, bleeding at
nose, months stopped, baths, &c.
- Memb. 3. Air rectified, with a digression of the air
- Naturally in the choice and site of our country, dwelling-place, to be hot and moist, light, wholesome, pleasant
- Artificially, by often change of air, avoiding winds, fogs, tempests, opening windows, perfumes, &c.
- Memb. 4. Exercise
- Of body and mind, but moderate, as hawking, hunting, riding, shooting, bowling, fishing, fowling, walking in fair
fields, galleries, tennis, bar.
- Of mind, as chess, cards, tables &c., to see plays, masks, &c., serious studies, business, all honest
- Memb. 5. Rectification of waking and terrible dreams, &c.
- Memb. 6. Rectification of passions and perturbations of the mind. ♎
Passions and perturbations of the mind rectified.
- From himself
- Subsect. 1. By using all good means of help, confessing to a
- Avoiding all occasions of his infirmity.
- Not giving way to passions, but resisting to his utmost.
- or from his friends.
- Subsect. 2. By fair and foul means, counsel, comfort, good
persuasion, witty devices, fictions, and, if it be possible, to satisfy his mind.
- Subsect. 3. Music of all sorts aptly applied.
- Subsect. 4. Mirth and merry company.
- Sect. 3. A consolatory digression, containing remedies to all discontents and passions of
- Memb. 1. General discontents and grievances satisfied.
- Memb. 2. Particular discontents, as deformity of body, sickness, baseness of birth,
- Memb. 3. Poverty and want, such calamites and adversities.
- Memb. 4. Against servitude, loss of liberty, imprisonment, banishment, &c.
- Memb. 5. Against vain fears, sorrows for death of friends, or otherwise.
- Memb. 6. Against envy, livor, hatred, malice, emulation, ambition, and self-love,
- Memb. 7. Against repulses, abuses, injuries, contempts, disgraces, contumelies, slanders,
and scoffs, &c.
- Memb. 8. Against all other grievous and ordinary symptoms of this disease of
♉ Sect. 4. Pharmaceutics, or Physic which cureth with medicines, with a
digression of this kind of physic, is either Memb. 1. Subsect. 1.
- General to all
- Simples altering melancholy, with a digression of exotic simples 2.
- Herbs. 3. Subs.
- To the heart; borage, bugloss, scorzonera, &c.
- To the head; balm, hops, nenuphar, &c.
- Liver; eupatory, artemisia, &c.
- Stomach; wormwood, centaury, pennyroyal.
- Spleen; ceterache, ash, tamarisk.
- To Purify the blood; endive, succory, &c.
- Against wind; origan, fennel, aniseed, &c.
- 4. Subs Precious stones; as smaragdes, chelidonies, &c.
- or compounds altering melancholy, with a digression of compounds. 5.
- Inwardly taken
- Wines; as of hellebore, bugloss, tamarisk, &c.
- Syrups of borage, bugloss, hops, epithyme, endive, succory, &c.
- or consisting.
- Conserves of violets, maidenhair, borage, bugloss, roses, &c.
- Confections; treacle, mithridate, eclegms or linctures.
- or solid, as those aromatical confections.
- Diambra, dianthos.
- Diamargaritum calidum.
- Diamoscum dulce.
- Electuarium de gemmis.
- Laetificans Galeni et Rhasis.
- or cold
- Diamargaritum frigidum.
- Diarrhodon abbatis.
- Diacorolli, diacodium with their tables.
- Condites of all sorts, &c.
- or Outwardly used, as
- Oils of camomile, violets, roses, &c.
- Ointments, alablastritum, populeum, &c.
- Liniments, plasters, cerotes, cataplasms, frontals, fomentations, epithymes, sacks, bags, odoraments, posies,
- or Purging ☾
- or Particular to three distinct species, ♋ ♌ ♍.
Medicines purging melancholy are either Memb. 2.
- Simples purging melancholy
- 1. Subs. Upward, as vomits
- Asrabecca, laurel, white hellebore, scilla, or sea-onion, antimony, tobacco
- or Downward. 2. Subs.
- More gentle; as senna, epithyme, polypody, mirobalanes, fumitory, &c.
- Stronger; aloes, lapis Armenus, lapis lazuli, black hellebore.
- or 3. Subs. Compounds purging melancholy
- Superior parts
- Liquid, as potions, juleps, syrups, wine of hellebore, bugloss, &c.
- Solid, as lapis Armenus, and lazuli, pills of Indie, pills of fumitory, &c.
- Electuaries, diasena, confection of hamech, hierologladium, &c.
- or Not swallowed, as gargarisms, masticatories, &c.
- or Nostrils, sneezing powders, odoraments, perfumes, &c.
- or Inferior parts, as clysters strong and weak, and suppositories of Castilian soap, honey boiled, &c.
♊ Chirurgical physic, which consists of Memb. 3.
- Phlebotomy, to all parts almost, and all the distinct species.
- With knife, horseleeches.
- Cauteries, and searing with hot irons, boring.
- Dropax and sinapismus.
- Issues to several parts, and upon several occasions.
♋ Sect. 5. Cure of head-melancholy. Memb. 1.
- 1. Subsect. Moderate diet, meat of good juice, moistening, easy of
- Good air.
- Sleep more than ordinary.
- Excrements daily to be voided by art or nature.
- Exercise of body and mind not too violent, or too remiss, passions of the mind, and perturbations to be
- Subsect. 2. Bloodletting, if there be need, or that the blood be
corrupt, in the arm, forehead, &c., or with cupping-glasses.
- Subsect. 3. Preparatives and purgers.
- Preparatives; as syrup of borage, bugloss, epithyme, hops, with their distilled waters, &c.
- Purgers; as Montanus, and Matthiolus helleborismus, Quercetanus, syrup of hellebore, extract of hellebore,
pulvis Hali, antimony prepared, Rulandi aqua mirabilis; which are used, if gentler medicines will not take
place, with Arnoldus, vinum buglossatum, senna, cassia, mirobalanes, aurum potabile, or before
Hamech, Pil. Indae, Hiera, Pil. de lap. Armeno, lazuli.
- Subsect. 4. Averters.
- Cardan's nettles, frictions, clysters, suppositories, sneezings, masticatories, nasals, cupping-glasses.
- To open the haemorrhoids with horseleeches, to apply horseleeches to the forehead without scarification, to the
- Issues, boring, cauteries, hot irons in the suture of the crown.
- Subsect. 5. Cordials, resolvers, hinderers.
- A cup of wine or strong drink.
- Bezars stone, amber, spice.
- Conserves of borage, bugloss, roses, fumitory.
- Confection of Alchermes.
- Electuarium laetificans Galeni et Rhasis, &c.
- Diamargaritum frig. diaboraginatum, &c.
- Subsect. 6. Correctors of accidents, as,
- Odoraments of roses, violets.
- Irrigations of the head, with the decoctions of nymphea, lettuce, mallows, &c.
- Epithymes, ointments, bags to the heart.
- Fomentations of oil for the belly.
- Baths of sweet water, in which were sod mallows, violets, roses, water-lilies, borage flowers, ramsheads,
- To procure sleep, and are
- Inwardly taken,
- Poppy, nymphea, lettuce, roses, purslane, henbane, mandrake, nightshade, opium, &c.
- or Compounds.
- Liquid, as syrups of poppy, verbasco, violets, roses.
- Solid, as requies Nicholai, Philonium, Romanum, Laudanum Paracelsi.
- or Outwardly used, as
- Oil of nymphea, poppy, violets, roses, mandrake, nutmegs.
- Odoraments of vinegar, rosewater, opium.
- Frontals of rose-cake, rose-vinegar, nutmeg.
- Ointments, alablastritum, unguentum populeum, simple or mixed with opium.
- Irrigations of the head, feet, sponges, music, murmur and noise of waters.
- Frictions of the head and outward parts, sacculi of henbane, wormwood at his pillow, &c.
- Against terrible dreams; not to sup late, or eat peas, cabbage, venison, meats heavy of digestion, use balm,
- Against ruddiness and blushing, inward and outward remedies.
♌ 2. Memb. Cure of melancholy over the body.
- Diet, preparatives, purges, averters, cordials, correctors, as before.
- Phlebotomy in this kind more necessary, and more frequent.
- To correct and cleanse the blood with fumitory, senna, succory, dandelion, endive, &c.
♍ Cure of hypochondriacal or windy melancholy. 3. Memb.
- Subsect. 1 Phlebotomy, if need require.
- Diet, preparatives, averters, cordials, purgers, as before, saving that they must not be so vehement.
- Use of pennyroyal, wormwood, centaury sod, which alone hath cured many.
- To provoke urine with aniseed, daucus, asarum, &c., and stools, if need be, by clysters and suppositories.
- To respect the spleen, stomach, liver, hypochondries.
- To use treacle now and then in winter.
- To vomit after meals sometimes, if it be inveterate.
- Subsect. 2. To expel wind.
- Inwardly Taken,
- Galanga, gentian, enula, angelica, calamus aromaticus, zedoary, china, condite ginger, &c.
- Pennyroyal, rue, calamint, bay leaves, and berries, scordium, bethany, lavender, camomile, centaury, wormwood,
cumin, broom, orange pills.
- Saffron, cinnamon, mace, nutmeg, pepper, musk, zedoary with wine, &c.
- Aniseed, fennel-seed, ammi, cary, cumin, nettle, bays, parsley, grana paradisi.
- or Compounds, as
- Dianisum, diagalanga, diaciminum, diacalaminthes, electuarium de baccis lauri, benedicta laxativa, &c. pulvia
carminativus, and pulvis descrip. Antidotario Florentine, aromaticum, rosatum, Mithridate.
- or Outwardly used, as cupping-glasses to the hypochonries without scarification, oil of camomile, rue, aniseed,
their decoctions, &c.