Travels in Arabia, by John Lewis Burckhardt

No. IX.

Topographical Notices of the Valley of Mekka and its Mountains; extracted from the History of Azraky, showing the names assigned to every part.

[It may be here remarked, that the Bedouins of the present day continue to bestow on the smallest hill, projecting rock, or little plain, a distinct and particular name; which circumstance renders the history of Arabia often obscure, as the names have, in the course of ages, sometimes changed.]

THE different mountains forming the southern chain of the valley of Mekka are:— Djebel Fádeh, on the lower part of Djebel Kobeys, nearest to the town — El Khandame, likewise part of Djebel Kobeys — Djebel el Abyadh, called among the Pagan Arabs Mestebzera, belonging also to Djebel Kobeys — Mozazem — Korn Meskale, lower ridge of Shab Aamer — Djebel Benhán, ibid. — Djebel Yakyán, on the side of Shab Aamer — Djebel el Aaredj, near the latter — Djebel el Motabekh, or Shab Aamer; so called because the Toba kings of Yemen, when they invaded Mekka, established here their kitchen — Shab Abou Dobb — Shab e’ Szafa, or Djebel Ráha, Shab Beni Kenáne — Shab el Khor — Shab Athmen.

On the northern side are:— El Hazoura; here was formerly the market of Mekka — El Djethme — Zogág el Nár — Beit el Ezlám — Djebel Zerzera, in the Djehelye called El Káym — Djebel Omar, in the Djehelye called Da Aasyr — Djebel el Adkhar, [El Adkhar is a shrub or plant, mixed by the Mekkans with mortar in the construction of their houses. El Aadhad a thorny tree, common in Arabia.] in the time of the Djehelye called El Mozhebát, or El Aadhad — Djebel el Hazna–Shab Arny — Thenyet Keda Batn Zy Towa — Djebel el Mokta — Fah, a valley beyond the Djidda gate — El Momdera — El Moghesh, from whence was cut the white marble used in the mosque — El Herrowra — Istár — Mokbaret el Noszára, the burial-ground of the Christians — Djebel el Beroud — Thenyet el Beydha — El Hashás — Da el Medowar — Djebel Moslim — Wády Zy Towa — Thenyet Om el Harth — Djebel Aby el Keyt — Fedj — Shab Ashras — Shab el Motalleb — Zát Khalilyn — Djebel Kabsh — Djebel Rahhá— El Bagheybagha — Djebel Keyd — El Ark — Zát el Hantal — El Akla — Shab el Irnye — El Alká— Shab el Leben — Melhet el Ghoraba — Melhet el Herouth — Kaber el Abd.

On the lower side of Mekka are:— Adjyád, or Djyad — Ras el Insán, between the Djebel Kobeys and Adjyád — Shab el Khatem, near Adjyád — Djebel Khalife — Djebel Oráb — Djebel Omar — Ghadaf — El Mokba — El Lahdje — El Kadfade — Zát el Lahá— Zou Merah — Es Selfeyn — El Dokhádekh — Zou el Shedyd — Zát e’ Selym — Adhat el Nabt, so called from some Nabateans who resided there, and were sent by Mawya Ibn Aly Sofyán to make mortar at Mekka — Om Kerdan.

On the north side of the Mala are — Djebel Deylamy — Djebel Sheyb — Djebel Habeshy — Shab el Mokbera — Abou Dedjáne — Djebel el Lyám — El Ghoráb — Shab el Akhnes, also called El Khowaredj, or El Gheyshoum — El Káad.

On the road towards Mekka are:— El Mofdjer, or El Khoder — Shab Howa — Er Rebáb-Zou el Aráke — El Ambara, in the Djehelye called Semyra — E’ Seder.

On the road towards Djebel Thor, southward of Mekka, are:— Zát el Lakhob — Zát Ardjá— El Kaflye — Thor — and El Bána.

Last updated Sunday, March 27, 2016 at 11:51