John Lewis Burckhardt, 1784-1817
Traveller, born at Lausanne and ed. in Germany, came to England in 1806 and wrote his books of travel in English. He travelled widely in Africa and in Syria, and the adjoining countries, became a great oriental scholar, and, disguising himself, made the pilgrimage to Mecca, and obtained access to places not open to Christians. He wrote accounts of his travels, and a book on Arabic proverbs. He died of dysentery at Cairo when about to start on a new journey into the interior of Africa.
- Travels in Nubia (to which is prefixed a biographical memoir) 
- Travels in Syria and the Holy Land 
- Travels in Arabia 
- Arabic Proverbs, or the Manners and Customs of the Modern Egyptians 
- Notes on the Bedouins and Wahabys .