Principles of Penal Law, by Jeremy Bentham

Table of Contents

Part i. Political Remedies for the Evil of Offences.

  1. Subject of this Book.
  2. Of Direct Methods of Preventing Offences.
  3. Of Chronic Offences.
  4. Of Suppressive Remedies for Chronic Offences.
  5. Of Martial Law
  6. Of the Nature of Satisfaction.
  7. Reasons Upon which the Obligation to Make Satisfaction is Founded.
  8. Of the Different Kinds of Satisfaction.
  9. Of the Quantity of Satisfaction to Be Granted.
  10. Of the Certainty of Satisfaction.
  11. Of Pecuniary Satisfaction.
  12. Of Restitution in Kind.
  13. Of Attestative Satisfaction.
  14. Of Honorary Satisfaction.
  15. Remedies for Offences Against Honour.
  16. Of Vindictive Satisfaction.
  17. Of Substitutive Satisfaction, or at the Expense of a Third Party.
  18. Of Subsidiary Satisfaction at the Expense of the Public Treasure.

Part ii. Rationale of Punishment.

Book i. General Principles.
  1. Definitions and Distinctions.
  2. Classification.
  3. Of the Ends of Punishment.
  4. Cases Unmeet for Punishment.
  5. Expense of Punishment.
  6. Measure of Punishment.
  7. Of the Properties to Be Given to a Lot of Punishment.
  8. Of Analogy Between Crimes and Punishments.
  9. Of Retaliation.
  10. Of Popularity.
Book ii. Of Corporal Punishments.
  1. Simple Afflictive Punishments.
  2. Of Complex Afflictive Punishments.
  3. Of Restrictive Punishments — Territorial Confinement.
  4. Imprisonment.
  5. Imprisonment — Fees.
  6. Imprisonment Examined.
  7. General Scheme of Imprisonment.
  8. Of Other Species of Territorial Confinement — Quasi Imprisonment — Relegation — Banishment.
  9. Of Simply Restrictive Punishments.
  10. Of Active or Laborious Punishment.
  11. Capital Punishment.
  12. Capital Punishment Examined.
Book iii. Of Privative Punishments, or Forfeitures.
  1. Punishment Analyzed.
  2. Of the Punishments Belonging to the Moral Sanction.
  3. Forfeiture of Reputation.
  4. Of Pecuniary Forfeitures.
  5. Forfeiture of Condition.
  6. Forfeiture of the Protection of the Law.
Book iv. Of the Proper Seat of Punishment: Or Say, of Mis-Seated Punishment.
  1. Naturally Extravasating Punishment — Rules concerning it.
  2. Punishment apparently, but not really mis-seated — Civil Responsibility.
  3. Mis-seated Punishment, Varieties of
  4. Vicarious Punishment.
  5. Transitive Punishment.
  6. Disadvantages of this Mode of Punishment.
  7. Collective Punishments.
  8. Random Punishment.
  9. Cause of the Frequency of Mis-seated Punishment.
Book v. Of Complex Punishments.
  1. Inconveniences of Complex Punishments.
  2. Of Transportation.
  3. Panopticon Penitentiary.
  4. Felony.
  5. Of Præmunire.
  6. Outlawry.
  7. Excommunication.
Book vi. Miscellaneous Topics.
  1. Chapter i.
  2. Choice of Punishments — Latitude to Be Allowed to the Judges.
  3. Chapter ii.
  4. Of Subsidiary Punishments.
  5. Chapter iii.
  6. Of Surety for Good Conduct.
  7. Chapter iv.
  8. Defeazance of Punishment.
Appendix — On Death-Punishment. Jeremy Bentham to His Fellow-Citizens of France.

Part iii. Of Indirect Means of Preventing Crimes.

  1. Methods of Taking Away the Physical Power of Injuring.
  2. Another Indirect Method — Hinder the Acquisition of Knowledge which May Be Rendered Injurious.
  3. Of Indirect Means of Preventing the Will to Commit Offences.
  4. Problem i. To divert the course of Dangerous Desires, and direct the inclination towards those amusements which are most conformed to the public interest.
  5. Problem ii. To make such arrangements, that a given Desire may be satisfied without prejudice, or with the least possible prejudice.
  6. Problem iii. To avoid furnishing Encouragement to Crimes.
  7. Problem iv. To augment the Responsibility of Individuals, in proportion as they are more exposed to temptation to do wrong.
  8. Problem v. To diminish Sensibility with regard to Temptation.
  9. Problem vi. To strengthen the Impression of Punishments upon the Imagination.
  10. Problem vii. To facilitate the Discovery of Offences committed.
  11. Problem viii. To prevent Offences, by giving to many persons an interest in preventing them.
  12. Problem ix. To facilitate the Recognition and the finding of Individuals.
  13. Problem x. To increase the Difficulty of Escape for Delinquents.
  14. Problem xi. To diminish Uncertainty with regard to Procedure and Punishment.
  15. Problem xii. To prohibit Accessory Offences, in order to prevent their Principals.
  16. Of the Cultivation of Benevolence.
  17. Employment of the Motive of Honour, or of the Popular Sanction.
  18. Of the Employment of the Religious Sanction.
  19. Uses to Be Drawn from the Power of Instruction.
  20. Use to Be Made of the Power of Education.
  21. General Precautions Against the Abuse of Authority.
  22. Measures to Be Taken Against the ill Effects of an Offence Already Committed — Conclusion of the Subject.

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