Aphra Behn, 1640-1689
Novelist and dramatist, daughter of a barber named Johnston, but went with a relative whom she called father to Surinam, of which he had been appointed Governor. He, however, died on the passage thither, and her childhood and youth were passed there. She became acquainted with the celebrated slave Oronoko, afterwards the hero of one of her novels. Returning to England in 1658 she married Behn, a Dutch merchant, but was a widow at the age of 26. She then became attached to the Court, and was employed as a political spy at Antwerp. Leaving that city she cultivated the friendship of various playwrights, and produced many plays and novels, also poems and pamphlets. The former are extremely gross, and are now happily little known. She was the first English professional authoress. Among her plays are The Forced Marriage, Abdelazer, The Rover, The Debauchee, etc., and her novels include Oronoko and The Nun. The former of these was the first book to bring home to the country a sense of the horrors of slavery, for which let her have credit.
More . . .
- The Forced Marriage; or The Jealous Bridegroom 
- Abdelazer; or, The Moor's Revenge 
- The Town Fop; or, Sir Timothy Tawdrey 
- The Debauchee
- The Rover; or The Banish'd Cavaliers 
- The Rover; Part II 
- Sir Patient Fancy 
- The Feigned Courtesans; or, A Night's Intrigue 
- The Young King; or, The Mistake 
- The False Count; or, A New Way to Play an Old Game 
- The Roundheads: or, The Good Old Cause 
- The City Heiress; or, Sir Timothy Treat-All 
- Like Father, Like Son [produced 1682, now lost]
- The Lover's Watch 
- The Lucky Chance; or, An Alderman's Bargain 
- The Emperor of the Moon 
- The Widow Ranter 
- The Younger Brother 
- The Nun
- Love-Letters between a nobleman and his sister 
- The Fair Jilt 
- Agnes de Castro 
- Oroonoko: Or, The Royal Slave 
- The Adventure of the Black Lady
- Poems on Several Occasions 
- Miscellany 
- The Works of Aphra Behn (6 volumes; London: W. Heinemann; Stratford-on Avon: A. H. Bullen, 1915), ed. by Montague
- The Rover — The Dutch Lover — the Round-Heads.
- Abdelazar — The Young King — The City Heiress — The Feign'd Curtezans.
- The Town Fop — The False Count — The Lucky Chance — The Forc'd Marriage — The Emperor of the Moon.
- Sir Patient Fancy — The Amorous Prince — The Widow Ranter — The Younger Brother
- The Black Lady — The King of Bantam — The Unfortunate Happy Lady — The Fair Jilt — Oroonoko — Agnes de Castro — The History of the Nun — The Nun — The Lucky Mistake — The Unfortunate Bride — The Dumb Virgin — The Wandering Beauty — The Unhappy Mistake
- Love's Watch — Poems Upon Several Occasions — A Voyage to the Isle of Love — Lycidus; or, the Lover in Fashion — Miscellaneous Poems.