Reason, by Ethan Allen

Table of Contents



Chapter i.

  1. The Duty of Reforming Mankind from Superstition and Error and the Good Consequences of it
  2. Of the Being of a God
  3. The Manner of Discovering the Moral Perfections and Attributes of God
  4. The Cause of Idolatry, and the Remedy of it

Chapter ii.

  1. Of the Eternity of Creation
  2. Observations of Moses’s Account of Creation
  3. Of the Eternity and Infinitude of Divine Providence
  4. The Providence of God Does Not Interfere with the Agency of Man.

Chapter iii.

  1. The Doctrine of the Infinity of Evil and of Sin Considered
  2. The Moral Government of God as Incompatible with Eternal Punishment
  3. Human Liberty, Agency and Accountability, Cannot Be Attended with Eternal Consequences, Either Good or Evil
  4. Of Physical Evils.

Chapter iv.

  1. Speculation on the Doctrine of the Depravity of Human Reason.
  2. Containing a Disquisition of the Law of Nature as it Respects the Moral System, Interspersed with Observations on Subsequent Religions

Chapter v.

  1. Argumentative Reflections on Supernatural and Mysterious Revelation in General.
  2. Containing Observations on the Providence and Agency of God, as it Respects the Natural and Moral World, With Strictures on Revelation in General.

Chapter vi.

  1. Of Miracles
  2. A Succession of Knowledge, or of the Exertion of Power in God, Incompatible with His Omniscience or Omnipotence, and the Eternal and Infinite Display of Divine Power Forecloses Any Subsequent Exertion of it Miraculously
  3. Rare and Wonderful Phenomena No Evidence of Miracles Nor are Diabolical Spirits Able to Effect Them, or Superstitious Traditions to Confirm Them, Nor Can Ancient Miracles Prove Recent Revelations.
  4. Prayer Cannot Be Attended with Miraculous Consequences

Chapter vii.

  1. The Vagueness and Unintelligibleness of the Prophecies Render Them Incapable of Proving Revelation.
  2. The Contentions which Subsisted Between the Prophets Respecting Their Veracity, and Their Inconsistencies With One Another, and with the Nature of Things, and Their Omission in Teaching the Doctrine of Immortality, Precludes the Divinity of Their Prophecies.
  3. Dreams or Visions Uncertain and Chimerical Channel for the Conveyance of Revelation; with Remarks on the Communication of the Holy Ghost to the Disciples, by the Prayers and Laying on of the Apostles Hands, with Observations on The Divine Dictations of the First Promulgators of the Gospel, and an Account of the Elect Lady, and Her New Sectary of Shakers.

Chapter viii.

  1. Of the Nature of Faith and Wherein it Consists
  2. Of the Traditions of Our Forefathers
  3. Our Faith is Governed by Our Reasonings Whether They are Supposed to Be Conclusive or Inconclusive, and Not Merely by Our Own Choice

Chapter ix.

  1. A Trinity of Persons Cannot Exist in the Divine Essence Whether the Persons Be Supposed to Be Finite or Infinite: With Remarks on St. Athenasius’s Creed
  2. Essence Being the Cause of Identity is Inconsistent with Personality in the Divine Nature
  3. The Imperfection of Knowledge in the Person of Jesus Christ, Incompatible with His Divinity

Chapter x.

  1. Observations on the State of Man, in Moses’s Paradise on the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, and on the Tree of Life: With Speculations on the Divine Prohibition to Man, Not to Eat of the Fruit of the Former of Those Trees, Interspersed with Remarks on the Mortality of Innocent Man.
  2. Pointing Out the Natural Impossibility of All and Every of the Diverse Species of Biped Animals, Commonly Termed Man, to have Lineally Descended from Adam and Eve, or from the Same Original Progenitors.
  3. Of the Origin of the Devil or of Moral Evil and of the Devil’s Talking with Eve; with a Remark that the Doctrine of Apostacy is the Foundation of Christianity

Chapter xi.

  1. Imputation Cannot Change, Alienate or Transfer the Personal Demerit of Sin; and Personal Merit of Virtue to Others, who Were Not Active Therein, Although this Doctrine Supposes an Alienation Thereof
  2. The Moral Rectitude of Things Forecloses the Act of Imputation.
  3. Containing Remarks on the Atonement and Satisfaction for Original Sin
  4. Remarks on Redemption, Wrought Out by Inflicting the Demerits of Sin Upon the Innocent, Would Be Unjust, and That it Could Contain No Mercy or Goodness to the Universality of Being

Chapter xii.

  1. Of the Impossibility of Translating an Infallible Revelation from its Original Copies, and Preserving it Entire Through All the Revolutions of the World, and Vicissitudes of Human Learning to Our Time
  2. The Variety of Annotations and Expositions of the Scriptures, Together with the Diversity of Sectaries Evinces Their Fallibility.
  3. On the Compiling Op the Manuscripts of the Scriptures into One Volume, and of its Several Translations. The Infallibility of the Popes, and of Their Chartered Rights to Remit or Retain Sins, and of the Impropriety of Their Being Trusted with a Revelation from God.

Chapter xiii.

  1. Morality Derived from Natural Fitness and Not from Tradition.
  2. Of the Importance of the Exercise of Reason and Practice of Morality, in Order to the Happiness of Mankind.

Last updated Sunday, March 27, 2016 at 11:50