Philosophical Dictionary, by Voltaire

Table of Contents

A PHILOSOPHICAL DICTIONARY

  1. A.
  2. A, B, C, OR ALPHABET.
  3. ABBÉ.
  4. ABBEY— ABBOT.
  5. ABLE— ABILITY.
  6. ABRAHAM.
  7. ABUSE.
  8. ABUSE OF WORDS.
  9. ACADEMY.
  10. ADAM.
  11. ADORATION.
  12. ADULTERY.
  13. AFFIRMATION OR OATH.
  14. AGAR, OR HAGAR.
  15. ALCHEMY.
  16. ALKORAN; OR, MORE PROPERLY, THE KORAN.
  17. ALEXANDER.
  18. ALEXANDRIA.
  19. ALGIERS.
  20. ALLEGORIES.
  21. ALMANAC.
  22. ALTARS, TEMPLES, RITES, SACRIFICES, ETC.
  23. AMAZONS.
  24. AMBIGUITY— EQUIVOCATION.
  25. AMERICA.
  26. AMPLIFICATION.
  27. ANCIENTS AND MODERNS.
  28. ANECDOTES.
  29. ANGELS.
  30. ANNALS.
  31. ANNATS.
  32. ANTHROPOMORPHITES.
  33. ANTI-LUCRETIUS.
  34. ANTIQUITY.
  35. APIS.
  36. APOCALYPSE.
  37. ANTI-TRINITARIANS.
  38. APOCRYPHA— APOCRYPHAL.
  39. APOSTATE.
  40. APOSTLES.
  41. APPARITION.
  42. APPEARANCE.
  43. APROPOS.
  44. ARABS; AND, OCCASIONALLY, ON THE BOOK OF JOB.
  45. ARARAT.
  46. ARIANISM.
  47. ARISTEAS.
  48. ARISTOTLE.
  49. ARMS— ARMIES.
  50. AROT AND MAROT. WITH A SHORT REVIEW OF THE KORAN.
  51. ART OF POETRY.
  52. ARTS— FINE ARTS. [ARTICLE DEDICATED TO THE KING OF PRUSSIA.]
  53. ASMODEUS.
  54. ASPHALTUS. ASPHALTIC LAKE. — SODOM.
  55. ASS.
  56. ASSASSIN— ASSASSINATION.
  57. ASTROLOGY.
  58. ASTRONOMY, WITH A FEW MORE REFLECTIONS ON ASTROLOGY.
  59. ATHEISM.
  60. ATHEIST.
  61. ATOMS.
  62. AVARICE.
  63. AUGURY.
  64. AUGUSTINE.
  65. AUGUSTUS (OCTAVIUS).
  66. AVIGNON.
  67. AUSTERITIES. MORTIFICATIONS, FLAGELLATIONS.
  68. AUTHORS.
  69. AUTHORITY.
  70. AXIS.
  71. BABEL.
  72. BACCHUS.
  73. BACON (ROGER).
  74. BANISHMENT.
  75. BAPTISM.
  76. BARUCH, OR BARAK, AND DEBORAH; AND, INCIDENTALLY, ON CHARIOTS OF WAR.
  77. BATTALION.
  78. BAYLE.
  79. BDELLIUM.
  80. BEARD.
  81. BEASTS.
  82. BEAUTIFUL (THE).
  83. BEES.
  84. BEGGAR— MENDICANT.
  85. BEKKER, “THE WORLD BEWITCHED,” THE DEVIL, THE BOOK OF ENOCH, AND SORCERERS.
  86. BELIEF.
  87. BETHSHEMESH.
  88. BILHAH— BASTARDS.
  89. BISHOP.
  90. BLASPHEMY.
  91. BODY.
  92. BOOKS.
  93. BOURGES.
  94. BRACHMANS— BRAHMINS.
  95. BREAD-TREE.
  96. BUFFOONERY— BURLESQUE— LOW COMEDY.
  97. BULGARIANS.
  98. BULL.
  99. BULL (PAPAL).
  100. CÆSAR.
  101. CALENDS.
  102. CANNIBALS.
  103. CASTING (IN METAL).
  104. CATO. ON SUICIDE, AND THE ABBE ST. CYRAN’S BOOK LEGITIMATING SUICIDE.
  105. CELTS.
  106. CEREMONIES— TITLES— PRECEDENCE.
  107. CERTAIN— CERTAINTY.
  108. CHAIN OF CREATED BEINGS.
  109. CHAIN OR GENERATION OF EVENTS.
  110. CHANGES THAT HAVE OCCURRED IN THE GLOBE.
  111. CHARACTER.
  112. CHARITY. CHARITABLE AND BENEFICENT INSTITUTIONS, ALMSHOUSES, HOSPITALS, ETC.
  113. CHARLES IX.
  114. CHINA.
  115. CHRISTIANITY.
  116. CHRISTMAS.
  117. CHRONOLOGY.
  118. CHURCH.
  119. CHURCH OF ENGLAND.
  120. CHURCH PROPERTY.
  121. CICERO.
  122. CIRCUMCISION.
  123. CLERK— CLERGY.
  124. CLIMATE.
  125. COHERENCE— COHESION— ADHESION.
  126. COMMERCE.
  127. COMMON SENSE.
  128. CONFESSION.
  129. CONFISCATION.
  130. CONSCIENCE.
  131. CONSEQUENCE.
  132. CONSTANTINE.
  133. CONTRADICTIONS.
  134. CONTRAST.
  135. CONVULSIONARIES.
  136. CORN.
  137. COUNCILS.
  138. COUNTRY.
  139. CRIMES OR OFFENCES.
  140. CRIMINAL.
  141. CROMWELL.
  142. CUISSAGE.
  143. CURATE (OF THE COUNTRY).
  144. CURIOSITY.
  145. CUSTOMS— USAGES.
  146. CYRUS.
  147. DANTE.
  148. DAVID.
  149. DECRETALS.
  150. DELUGE (UNIVERSAL).
  151. DEMOCRACY.
  152. DEMONIACS.
  153. DESTINY.
  154. DEVOTEE.
  155. DIAL. Dial of Ahaz.
  156. DICTIONARY.
  157. DIOCLETIAN.
  158. DIONYSIUS, ST. (THE AREOPAGITE), AND THE FAMOUS ECLIPSE.
  159. DIODORUS OF SICILY, AND HERODOTUS.
  160. DIRECTOR.
  161. DISPUTES.
  162. DISTANCE.
  163. DIVINITY OF JESUS.
  164. DIVORCE.
  165. DOG.
  166. DOGMAS.
  167. DONATIONS.
  168. DRINKING HEALTHS.
  169. THE DRUIDS.
  170. EASE.
  171. ECLIPSE.
  172. ECONOMY (RURAL).
  173. ECONOMY OF SPEECH— TO SPEAK BY ECONOMY.
  174. ELEGANCE.
  175. ELIAS OR ELIJAH, AND ENOCH.
  176. ELOQUENCE.
  177. EMBLEMS. FIGURES, ALLEGORIES, SYMBOLS, ETC.
  178. ENCHANTMENT. MAGIC, CONJURATION, SORCERY, ETC.
  179. END OF THE WORLD.
  180. ENTHUSIASM.
  181. ENVY.
  182. EPIC POETRY.
  183. EPIPHANY. The Manifestation, the Appearance, the Illustration, the Radiance.
  184. EQUALITY.
  185. ESSENIANS.
  186. ETERNITY.
  187. EUCHARIST.
  188. EXECUTION.
  189. EXECUTIONER.
  190. EXPIATION.
  191. EXTREME.
  192. EZEKIEL. Of Some Singular Passages in This Prophet, and of Certain Ancient Usages.
  193. FABLE.
  194. FACTION. On the Meaning of the Word.
  195. FACULTY.
  196. FAITH.
  197. FALSITY.
  198. FALSITY OF HUMAN VIRTUES.
  199. FANATICISM.
  200. FANCY.
  201. FASTI. Of the Different Significations of this Word.
  202. FATHERS— MOTHERS— CHILDREN. Their Duties.
  203. FAVOR. Of What is Understood by the Word.
  204. FAVORITE.
  205. FEASTS.
  206. FERRARA.
  207. FEVER.
  208. FICTION.
  209. FIERTÉ.
  210. FIGURE.
  211. FIGURED— FIGURATIVE.
  212. FIGURE IN THEOLOGY.
  213. FINAL CAUSES.
  214. FINESSE, FINENESS, ETC. Of the Different Significations of the Word.
  215. FIRE.
  216. FIRMNESS.
  217. FLATTERY.
  218. FORCE (PHYSICAL).
  219. FORCE— STRENGTH.
  220. FRANCHISE.
  221. FRANCIS XAVIER.
  222. FRANKS— FRANCE— FRENCH
  223. FRAUD. Whether pious Frauds should be practised upon the People.
  224. FREE-WILL.
  225. FRENCH LANGUAGE.
  226. FRIENDSHIP.
  227. FRIVOLITY.
  228. GALLANT.
  229. GARGANTUA.
  230. GAZETTE.
  231. GENEALOGY.
  232. GENESIS.
  233. GENII.
  234. GENIUS.
  235. GEOGRAPHY.
  236. GLORY— GLORIOUS.
  237. GOAT— SORCERY.
  238. GOD— GODS.
  239. GOOD— THE SOVEREIGN GOOD, A CHIMERA.
  240. GOOD..
  241. GOSPEL.
  242. GOVERNMENT.
  243. GOURD OR CALABASH.
  244. GRACE.
  245. GRACE (OF).
  246. GRAVE— GRAVITY.
  247. GREAT— GREATNESS. Of the Meaning of These Words.
  248. GREEK. Observations Upon the Extinction of the Greek Language at Marseilles.
  249. GUARANTEE.
  250. GREGORY VII.
  251. HAPPY— HAPPILY.
  252. HEAVEN (CIEL MATÉRIEL).
  253. HEAVEN OF THE ANCIENTS.
  254. HELL.
  255. HELL (DESCENT INTO).
  256. HERESY.
  257. HERMES. Hermes, or Ermes, Mercury Trismegistus, or Thaut, or Taut, or Thot.
  258. HISTORIOGRAPHER.
  259. HISTORY.
  260. HONOR.
  261. HUMILITY.
  262. HYPATIA.
  263. IDEA.
  264. IDENTITY.
  265. IDOL— IDOLATER— IDOLATRY.
  266. IGNATIUS LOYOLA.
  267. IGNORANCE.
  268. IMAGINATION.
  269. IMPIOUS.
  270. IMPOST.
  271. IMPOTENCE.
  272. INALIENATION— INALIENABLE.
  273. INCEST.
  274. INCUBUS.
  275. INFINITY.
  276. INFLUENCE.
  277. INITIATION. Ancient Mysteries.
  278. INNOCENTS. Of the Massacre of the Innocents.
  279. INQUISITION.
  280. INSTINCT.
  281. INTEREST.
  282. INTOLERANCE.
  283. INUNDATION.
  284. JEHOVAH.
  285. JEPHTHAH.
  286. JESUITS; OR PRIDE.
  287. JEWS.
  288. JOB.
  289. JOSEPH.
  290. JUDÆA.
  291. JULIAN.
  292. JUST AND UNJUST.
  293. JUSTICE.
  294. KING.
  295. KISS.
  296. LAUGHTER.
  297. LAW (NATURAL).
  298. LAW (SALIC).
  299. LAW (CIVIL AND ECCLESIASTICAL).
  300. LAWS.
  301. LAWS (SPIRIT OF).
  302. LENT.
  303. LEPROSY, ETC.
  304. LETTERS (MEN OF).
  305. LIBEL.
  306. LIBERTY.
  307. LIBERTY OF OPINION.
  308. LIBERTY OF THE PRESS.
  309. LIFE.
  310. LOVE.
  311. LOVE OF GOD.
  312. LOVE (SOCRATIC LOVE).
  313. LUXURY.
  314. MADNESS.
  315. MAGIC.
  316. MALADY— MEDICINE.
  317. MAN.
  318. MARRIAGE.
  319. MARY MAGDALEN.
  320. MARTYRS.
  321. MASS.
  322. MASSACRES.
  323. MASTER.
  324. MATTER.
  325. MEETINGS (PUBLIC).
  326. MESSIAH. Advertisement.
  327. METAMORPHOSIS.
  328. METAPHYSICS.
  329. MIND (LIMITS OF THE HUMAN).
  330. MIRACLES.
  331. MISSION.
  332. MONEY.
  333. MONSTERS.
  334. MORALITY.
  335. MOSES.
  336. MOTION.
  337. MOUNTAIN.
  338. NAIL.
  339. NATURE.
  340. NECESSARY— NECESSITY.
  341. NEW— NOVELTIES.
  342. NUDITY.
  343. NUMBER.
  344. NUMBERING.
  345. OCCULT QUALITIES.
  346. OFFENCES (LOCAL).
  347. ONAN.
  348. OPINION.
  349. OPTIMISM.
  350. ORACLES.
  351. ORDEAL.
  352. ORDINATION.
  353. ORIGINAL SIN.
  354. OVID.
  355. PARADISE.
  356. PASSIONS. Their Influence upon the Body, and that of the Body upon Them.
  357. PAUL.
  358. PERSECUTION.
  359. PETER (SAINT).
  360. PETER THE GREAT AND J. J. ROUSSEAU.
  361. PHILOSOPHER.
  362. PHILOSOPHY.
  363. PHYSICIANS.
  364. PIRATES OR BUCCANEERS.
  365. PLAGIARISM.
  366. PLATO.
  367. POETS.
  368. POISONINGS.
  369. POLICY.
  370. POLYPUS.
  371. POLYTHEISM.
  372. POPERY.
  373. POPULATION.
  374. POSSESSED.
  375. POST.
  376. POWER— OMNIPOTENCE.
  377. POWER. The Two Powers.
  378. PRAYER (PUBLIC), THANKSGIVING, ETC.
  379. PREJUDICE.
  380. PRESBYTERIAN.
  381. PRETENSIONS.
  382. PRIDE.
  383. PRIESTS.
  384. PRIESTS OF THE PAGANS.
  385. PRIOR, BUTLER, AND SWIFT.
  386. PRIVILEGE— PRIVILEGED CASES.
  387. PROPERTY.
  388. PROPHECIES.
  389. PROPHETS.
  390. PROVIDENCE.
  391. PURGATORY.
  392. QUACK (OR CHARLATAN).
  393. RAVAILLAC.
  394. REASONABLE, OR RIGHT.
  395. RELICS.
  396. RELIGION.
  397. RHYME.
  398. RESURRECTION.
  399. RIGHTS.
  400. RIVERS.
  401. ROADS.
  402. ROD.
  403. ROME (COURT OF).
  404. SAMOTHRACE.
  405. SAMSON.
  406. SATURN’S RING.
  407. SCANDAL.
  408. SCHISM.
  409. SCROFULA.
  410. SECT.
  411. SELF-LOVE.
  412. SENSATION.
  413. SENTENCES (REMARKABLE). On Natural Liberty.
  414. SENTENCES OF DEATH.
  415. SERPENTS.
  416. SHEKEL.
  417. SIBYL.
  418. SINGING.
  419. SLAVES.
  420. SLEEPERS (THE SEVEN).
  421. SLOW BELLIES (VENTRES PARESSEUX).
  422. SOCIETY (ROYAL) OF LONDON, AND ACADEMIES.
  423. SOCRATES.
  424. SOLOMON.
  425. SOMNAMBULISTS AND DREAMERS.
  426. SOPHIST.
  427. SOUL.
  428. SPACE.
  429. STAGE (POLICE OF THE).
  430. STATES— GOVERNMENTS.
  431. STATES-GENERAL.
  432. STYLE.
  433. VARIOUS STYLES DISTINGUISHED.
  434. SUPERSTITION.
  435. SYMBOL, OR CREDO.
  436. SYSTEM.
  437. TABOR, OR THABOR.
  438. TALISMAN.
  439. TARTUFFE— TARTUFERIE.
  440. TASTE.
  441. TAUROBOLIUM.
  442. TAX— FEE.
  443. TEARS.
  444. TERELAS.
  445. TESTES.
  446. THEISM.
  447. THEIST.
  448. THEOCRACY. Government of God or Gods.
  449. THEODOSIUS.
  450. THEOLOGIAN.
  451. THUNDER.
  452. TOLERATION.
  453. TOPHET.
  454. TORTURE.
  455. TRANSUBSTANTIATION.
  456. TRINITY.
  457. EXPLANATION OF THE TRINITY, ACCORDING TO ABAUZIT.
  458. TRUTH.
  459. TYRANNY.
  460. TYRANT.
  461. UNIVERSITY.
  462. USAGES.
  463. VAMPIRES.
  464. VELETRI.
  465. VENALITY.
  466. VENICE; And, Incidentally, of Liberty.
  467. VERSE.
  468. VIANDS.
  469. VIRTUE.
  470. VISION.
  471. VISION OF CONSTANTINE.
  472. VOWS.
  473. VOYAGE OF ST. PETER TO ROME.
  474. WALLER.
  475. WAR.
  476. WEAKNESS ON BOTH SIDES.
  477. WHYS (THE).
  478. WICKED.
  479. WILL.
  480. WIT, SPIRIT, INTELLECT.
  481. WOMEN.
  482. XENOPHANES.
  483. XENOPHON, AND THE RETREAT OF THE TEN THOUSAND.
  484. YVETOT.
  485. ZEAL.
  486. ZOROASTER.

DECLARATION OF THE AMATEURS, INQUIRERS, AND DOUBTERS, WHO HAVE AMUSED THEMSELVES WITH PROPOSING TO THE LEARNED THE PRECEDING QUESTIONS IN THESE VOLUMES.

Between two servants of Humanity, who appeared eighteen hundred years apart, there is a mysterious relation. * * * * Let us say it with a sentiment of profound respect: JESUS WEPT: VOLTAIRE SMILED. Of that divine tear and of that human smile is composed the sweetness of the present civilization.

VICTOR HUGO.

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Last updated Tuesday, March 4, 2014 at 18:24