Two expeditions into the interior of southern Australia, by Charles Sturt

Appendix No. III.

Sheep-Farming Returns, Showing the Increase in Four Years, from two Breeding Flocks, consisting of 670 Ewes in Lamb.

(A.)--1st JUNE, 1828.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flocks.        Breeding Ewes.          Lambs.    Total.     Remarks.

       2 yrs. old.   3 yrs. old.   Male.-Female.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Lambs.
No. 1     330                     148    149      627   Deaths 6. Incr.297
No. 2                   330       154    154      638          4       308
                                                  ----         --      ---
                                           *      1265         10      605
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

* The increase throughout these returns is calculated at from 270 to 290
Lambs, to 300 Ewes, which is the usual average in N.S.W.


ABSTRACT.

Purchased two Flocks of Ewes, at 84s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .670 Ewes.
Increase of Lambs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 605
Casual Deaths. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   . . .  10
                                                                 595
                                                                 ---
Total as per Return. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  1265


--------------------------------------------------------------------------
(B.)--1st JUNE, 1829.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flocks.|Breeding|Maiden|Wethers.|Rams.|    Lambs.   |Total.|   Remarks.
       |  Ewes. | Ewes.|              |Male. Female.|
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
No.                                                                 Lambs.
1   3-yr. 327                          154   154    635 Deaths 3  Incr.308
2   4-yr. 326                          155   155    636        4       310
3   1-yr.         302                               302        1       ---
4   1-yr.                 302   18                  320       --       618
                                                   ----        8
                                                   1893
--------------------------------------------------------------------------


ABSTRACT.

Return (A) Total. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   . . . 1265
Increase by Lambing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 618
Ditto Rams purchased. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
                                                       ---
                                                       636
Casual Deaths. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8      628
                                                               ----
Total as per return. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1893
--------------------------------------------------------------------------


--------------------------------------------------------------------------
(C.)--1st JUNE, 1830.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flocks.|Breeding|Maiden|Wethers.|Rams.|    Lambs.   |Total.|   Remarks.
       |  Ewes. | Ewes.|              |Male. Female.|
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
No.                                                                 Lambs.
1   2-yr. 296                          133   154    562 Deaths 6  Incr.266
2   4-yr. 325                          150   155    625        2       300
3   5-yr. 326                          160          646                320
4   2-yr.                 302   27                  329                ---
5   1-yr.                 309                       309                886
6   1-yr.         309                               309                ---
                                                   ---- 3 Rams died
                                                   2780 12 ditto purchased
--------------------------------------------------------------------------


ABSTRACT.

Return (B) Total. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     1893
Increase by Lambing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 886
Ditto Rams purchased. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
                                                       ---
                                                       898
Deaths. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   . . .    11      887
                                                               ----
Total as per return. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2780
--------------------------------------------------------------------------


--------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D.)--1st JUNE, 1831.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flocks.|Breeding|Maiden|Wethers.|Rams.|    Lambs.   |Total.|   Remarks.
       |  Ewes. | Ewes.|              |Male. Female.|
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
No.                                                                 Lambs.
1   2-yr. 304                          136   136    576 Deaths 5  Incr.272
2   3-yr. 293                          135   136    564        3       271
3   5-yr. 324                          156   156    636        1       312
4   6-yr. 320                          156   156    632        2       312
                                                        Killed 4       ---
5   3-yr.                 300                       300 Deaths 2      1167
6   2-yr.                 308                       308        1
7   1-yr                  443                       443
8   1-yr          442                               442        1
9                                 40                 40        5
                                                   ----       --
                                                   3941       20
                                                              Purchased 12
--------------------------------------------------------------------------


ABSTRACT.

Return (C) Total. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     2780
Increase by Lambing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   . . . 1167
Ditto Rams purchased. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
                                                       ---
                                                      1185
Casual deaths 20   . . . Killed for use 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  24      1161
                                                                ----
Total as per return. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..   3941
--------------------------------------------------------------------------


--------------------------------------------------------------------------
(E.)--1st JUNE, 1832.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flocks.|Breeding|Maiden|Wethers.|Rams.|    Lambs.   |Total.|   Remarks.
       |  Ewes. | Ewes.|              |Male. Female.|
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
No.                                                                 Lambs.
1   2-yr. 344                          154   154    652 Deaths 6  Incr.308
2   3-yr. 344                          162   161    667        4       323
4   3-yr. 342                          164   165    671        3       329
5   6-yr. 320                          155   155    630        2       310
6   7-yr. 300                          145   145    590        2       290
7   4-yr.                 300                       300               ----
                                                                      1560
8   3-yr                  302                       302        2
9   2-yr                  440                       440        1
10  1-yr                  583                       583
11  1-yr          584                               584
12                               45                  45        5 Purch. 10
         ----    ----    ----   ---   ---    ---    ----
         1650     584    1625    45   780    780    5464
--------------------------------------------------------------------------


ABSTRACT.

Return (D) Total. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3941
Increase by Lambing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   . . . 1560
Ditto Rams purchased. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
                                                       ---
                                                      1570
Decrease by casual death . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 25
Decrease by slaughter for use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
                                                       ---
                                                             1523
                                                             ----
                  Grand Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 5464 as above
--------------------------------------------------------------------------


MEMORANDUM,--The deaths have been calculated at the lowest rate under the
best management. It may be safer to assume a rate of four or five per
cent. per annum.



Account of Expenditure and Income upon Sheep Stock in Australia,
appended to Returns A. B. C. D. and E.
              1st YEAR, (RETURN A.) JUNE, 1829.

INCOME.
By 11265 fleeces, average weight 2 1/4 lbs. 284 lbs
wool at 1s. 6d. per lb.                              213 9 0
    EXPENDITURE.
To 2 Shepherds at 30 pounds             60  0  0
To 1 Watchman  at 20                    20  0  O                PROFIT.
To Hurdles, &c.                         10  0  0
                                        --------    90  0  0
                                                    --------   123  9  0

              2nd YEAR, (B.) JUNE, 1830.

    INCOME.
By 1893 fleeces, at 2 1/4 lbs. 4259lbs. wool at
1s. 6d.                                            319  8  6
    EXPENDITURE.
To 2 Shepherds at 30 pounds             60  0  0
To 2 Ditto        20                    40  0  0
To 1 Watchman                           20  0  0
To Hurdles &c.                           5  0  0
                                       ---------
                                       125  0  0
To 18 Rams at 10 pounds*               180  0  0
                                       ---------
                                                   305  0  0
                                                   ---------
                                                                14  8  6
*The price of rams will probably fall to 5 pounds

              3rd YEAR, (C.) JUNE, 1831.

    INCOME.
By 2780 fleeces, at 2 1/4 lbs. 6255lbs. wool at
1s. 6d.                                            469  2  6
    EXPENDITURE.
To 2 Shepherds at 30 pounds             60  0  0
To 2 Ditto        25                    25  0  0
To 3 Ditto        20                    60  0  0
To 2 Watchman     20                    40  0  0
To Hurdles &c.                          10  0  0
                                       ---------
                                       195  0  0
To 12 Rams at 10 pounds                120  0  0
                                       ---------
                                                   315  0  0
                                                   ---------
                                                               154  2  6



              4th YEAR, (D.) JUNE, 1832.

    INCOME.
By 3941 fleeces, at 2 1/4 lbs. 8867lbs. wool at
1s. 6d.                                            665  0  0
    EXPENDITURE.
To 2 Shepherds at 30 pounds             60  0  0
To 3 Ditto        25                    75  0  0
To 5 Ditto        20                   100  0  0
To 3 Watchman     20                    60  0  0
To Hurdles &c.                          20  0  0
                                       ---------
                                       315  0  0
To 10 Rams at 10 pounds                100  0  0
                                       ---------
                                                   415  0  0
                                                   ---------
                                                               507  0  0
                                                              ----------
              Net profit by sales of wool in 5 years          1024  0  0

1024  0  0 divided by 5 gives 204  8  0 for annual interest on the
original capital of 2814  0  0, (about 7 1/4 percent per annum)
in addition to the accumulation of capital itself, shown by the
valuation of stock.

These accounts are a year in advance of the sheep returns, in order to
bring them to the time at which the wool would be sold.


    VALUATION OF SHEEP, JUNE, 1832----(RETURN E.)

1614 Ewes from 1 to 4 years old at 3 pounds each             4842  0  O
 620 Do.       4 to 7 years old    2                         1240  0  0
 780 Female Lambs                  2                         1560  0  0
2405 Wethers and Male Lambs          15s.                    1803  0  0
  45 Rams (original cost, 450l.)                              400  0  0
                                                             ----------
                                                             9845  0  0

Note. — About 500 pounds would be added to the Income on the fifth year, by the sale of wethers of 3 and 4 years old.

The cost of rams ought, strictly speaking, to be added to capital, and not deducted from Income; but these returns were made out in their present form at the request of a gentleman proceeding to the Colony with a limited capital, and who wished to know how much he might safely invest in sheep.

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Last updated Wednesday, March 5, 2014 at 22:31