Narrative of an expedition into Central Australia, by Charles Sturt

Table of Contents

Dedication

Notice.

Preface.

Chapter 1

Character of the Australian continent — of its rivers — peculiarity of the Darling — sudden floods to which it is subject — character of the Murray — its periodical rise — bounty of providence — geological position of the two rivers — observations — results — Sir Thomas Mitchell’s journey to the darling — its junction with the Murray — anecdote of Mr. Shannon — Captain Grey’s expedition — Captain Sturt’s journey — Mr. Eyre’s second expedition — voyage of the Beagle — Mr. Oxley’s opinions — state of the interior in 1828 — character of its plains and rivers — junction of the Darling — fossil bed of the Murray — former state of the continent — theory of the interior.

Chapter 2

Preparations for departure — arrival at Moorundi — native guides — names of the party — Sir John Barrow’s minute — reports of Laidley’s ponds — climate of the Murray — progress up the river — arrival at Lake Bonney — grassy plains — Camboli’s home — tragical events in that neighbourhood — Pulcanti — arrival at the Rufus — visit to the native families — return of Mr. Eyre to Moorundi — departure of Mr. Browne to the eastward.

Chapter 3

Mr. Browne’s return — his account of the country — change of scene — continued rain — Toonda joins the party — story of the massacre — leave Lake Victoria — accident to flood — turn northwards — cross to the Darling — meet natives — Toonda’s haughty manner — Nadbuck’s cunning — abundance of feed — sudden floods — bad country — arrival at Williorara — consequent disappointment — perplexity — Mr. Poole goes to the ranges — Mr. Browne’s return — food of the natives — position of Williorara.

Chapter 4

Toonda’s tribe — disposition of the natives — arrival of Camboli — his energy of character — Mr. Poole’s return — leave the Darling — remarks on that river — Cawndilla — the old Boocolo — leave the camp for the hills — reach a creek — wells — Topar’s misconduct — ascend the ranges — return homewards — leave Cawndilla with a party — reach Parnari — move to the hills — journey to N. west — heavy rains — return to camp — Mr. Poole leaves — leave the ranges — descent to the plains — Mr. Poole’s return — his report — Flood’s creek — aquatic birds — ranges diminish in height.

Chapter 5

Native women — sudden squall — journey to the eastward — view from Mount Lyell — increased temperature — Mr. Poole’s return — his report — leave Flood’s creek — entangled in the pine forest — drive the cattle to water — extricate the party — state of the men — Mr. Poole and Mr. Browne leave the camp — proceed northwards — Capt. Sturt leaves for the north — rapid disappearance of water — muddy creek — geological formation — gypsum — push on to the ranges — return to the creek — again ascend the ranges — find water beyond them — proceed to the W.n.w. — return to the ranges — ants and flies — turn to the eastward — no water — return to the camp — Mr. Poole finds water — Mack’s adventure with the natives — move the camp.

Chapter 6

The depot — further progress checked — character of the ranges — journey to the north-east — return — journey to the west — return — again proceed to the north — interview with natives — arrive at the farthest water — the party separates — progress northwards — continue to advance — sufferings of the horse — cross the 28th parallel — rejoin Mr. Stuart — journey to the westward — character of the country — find two ponds of water — the grassy park — return to the rang — excessive heat — a singular geological feature — regain the depot.

Chapter 7

Migration of the birds — journey to the eastward — flooded plains — native family — proceed south, but find no water — again turn eastward — sterile country — salt lagoon — distant hills to the east — return to the camp — intense heat — officers attacked by scurvy — journey to the west — no water — forced to return — illness of Mr. Poole — visited by a native — second journey to the eastward — story of the native — kites and crows — erect a pyramid on Mount Poole — preparations for a move — indications of rain — intense anxiety — heavy rain — Mr. Poole leaves with the home returning party — break up the depot — Mr. Poole’s sudden death — his funeral — progress westward — the Jerboa — establishment of second depot — native gluttony — distant mountains seen — reach Lake Torrens — examination of the country N.w. of it — return to the depot — visited by natives — preparations for departure again into the northwest interior.

Chapter 8

Leave the depot for the north-west — scarcity of water — fossil limestone — arrive at the first creek — extensive plains — succession of creeks — flooded character of the country — pond with fish — sterile country — grassy plains — intrepid native — country apparently improves — disappointments — water found — appearance of the stony desert — night thereon — the earthy plain — hills raised by refraction — recommencement of the sand ridges — their undeviating regularity — conjectures as to the desert — relative position of Lake Torrens — concluding remarks.

Chapter 9

Flood’s quick sight — forest full of birds — native well — birds collect to drink — dangerous plain — Flood’s horse lost — scarcity of water — turn northward — discover a large creek — bright prospects — sudden disappointment — salt lagoon — scarcity of water — salt water creek — character of the interior — forced to turn back — risk of advancing — the furthest north — return to and examination of the creek — proceed to the westward — dreadful country — journey to the north — again forced to return — natives — station on the creek — concluding remarks.

Chapter 10

Reflections on our difficulties — commence the retreat — Eyre’s creek — pass the native well — recross the stony desert — find another well without water — natives — successful fishing — value of sheep — decide on a retreat — propose that Mr. Browne should leave — his refusal to desert the party — Mr. Browne’s decision — prepare to leave the camp — remarks on the climate — again leave the depot — singular explosion — discover a large creek — proceed to the north — recurrence of sand ridges — salt water lake — again strike the stony desert — attempt to cross it.

Chapter 11

The horses — ascend the hills — irresolution and retreat — horses reduced to great want — unexpected relief — try the desert to the N.e. — find water in our last well — reach the creek — proceed to the eastward — plague of flies and ants — surprise an old man — sea-gulls and pelicans — fish — pool of brine — meet natives — turn to the N.e. — Cooper’s Creek tribe, their kindness and appearance — attempt to cross the plains — turn back — proceed to the northward — effects of refraction — find natives at our old camp and the stores untouched — Cooper’s Creek, its geographical position.

Chapter 12

Continued drought — terrific effect of hot wind — thermometer bursts — death of poor Bawley — find the stockade deserted — leave Fort Grey for the depot — difference of seasons — migration of birds — hot winds — embarrassing position — Mr. Browne starts for Flood’s creek — three bullocks shot — commencement of the retreat — arrival at Flood’s creek — state of vegetation — effects of scurvy — arrive at rocky glen — comparison of native tribes — halt at Carnapaga — arrival at Cawndilla — removal to the Darling — leave the Darling — state of the river — oppressive heat — visited by Nadbuck — arrival at Moorundi.

Chapter 13

Remarks on the season — dry state of the atmosphere — thermometrical observations — winds in the interior — direction of the ranges — geological observations — non-existence of any central chain — probable course of the stony desert — whether connected with lake torrens — opinions of Captain Flinders — no information derived from the natives — the natives — their personal appearance — disproportion between the sexes — the women — customs of the natives — their habitations — food — language — conclusion.

Mr. Kennedy’s survey of the River Victoria.

Appendix

Animals.
Birds.
No. I. List of specimens, and the names of the various rocks, collected during the expedition.
No. II. Localities of the different geological specimens, collected by the Central Australian Expedition.
Botanical appendix Robert Brown, Esq., D.C.L., F.R.S., F.L.S., &c.

http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/s/sturt/charles/s93n/contents.html

Last updated Wednesday, March 5, 2014 at 22:31