Fathers of Biology, by Charles McRae

Index.

Albertus Magnus, 65

Alexander the Great, 23, 24

Andronicus of Rhodes, 27

“Animals, History of,” by Aristotle, 27

“Animals, On the Parts of,” by Aristotle, 31

Antipater, Governor of Macedonia, 25

Apellicon, 27

“Aphorisms” of Hippocrates, 12

Aristotle, birth, 21; youth, 22; zoological researches, 24; charge against, 25; death, 26; history of the manuscripts of his works, 26; account of his biological writings, 27–44; his philosophy of nature teleological, 39

Arundel, Earl of, 94

Asclepiads, physical training among the, 4

Asclepions, description of the, 4

Aselli, 100

Aubrey, 95, 97, 98, 102

Bathurst, George, 95

Blood, description of, by Aristotle, 31

Blood, opinions before the time of Harvey as to the movements of the, 85, 86

Bogarucci, 76

Brain, description of the, by Aristotle, 33

Browne, Sir Thomas, 65

Cæsalpinus, 98

Calcar, Jean, 71

Callisthenes, 24

Capillaries, discovery of the, 99

“Corporis Humani Fabrica,” 72

Cuvier’s exaggerated praise of Aristotle, 41

“Dead image of God,” the, 65

“De Anatome,” 66

“De Motu Cordis et Sanguinis,” 88–92

“De usu Radicis Chinæ,” 73

Disease, causes of, 7

“Disease, The Sacred,” 6

Diseases, natural history of, 9

Dissection of the human body, 10, 52

“Divine old man,” the, 3

Don Carlos, cure of, 75

Ductus venosus, observed by Vesalius, 79

Ent, Dr., 96

“Epigenesis” and “evolution” compared, 40, 102

Erasistratus, 47, 58, 85

Etienne’s observation confirmed by Vesalius, 79

Eustachius, discovery of the thoracic duct of the horse by, 100

Fabricius of Aquapendente, 85, 92

Fallopius, anatomical observations of, 77

“Father of medicine,” the, 3

Foramen ovale, valve guarding the, 79

Franciscus Puteus, reply to, by Gabriel Cuneus, 77

Galen, birth, 48; influence, 49, 60, 65; education, 49; at Smyrna, 49; at Alexandria, 49; at Pergamus, 50; at Rome, 50; return to Greece, 50; summoned to meet the Emperors at Aquileia, 50; death, 51; writings, 51; views as to the modes of existence, 52; and osteology, 53; and the nervous system, 53; and the lacteals, 54; the heart, 55; the arteries, 56; and respiration, 57–59; made a near approach to the Harveian theory of the circulation, 57

Generation of animals, the, 38, 101

Geynes, Dr., 60

Harvey, date and place of birth, 92; at Canterbury School, 92; at Cambridge, 92; at Padua, 92; elected Fellow of the College of Physicians, 93; appointed physician to St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, 93; physician to Charles I., 93; foreign travels, 94; present at the battle of Edgehill, 95; elected Warden of Merton College, 95; death, 97; discovery of the circulation incomplete in one respect, 98, 99; work on the generation of animals, 101; a scholar, 102; and comparative anatomist, 103

Heart, description of the, by Aristotle, 35

Hellebore, administered by Hippocrates, 9

Hermias, despot of Atarneus, 22; murder of, 23

Herophilus, 47, 58, 85

Hippocrates, date of birth, 3; Greek contemporaries, 3; birthplace, 3; his freedom from superstition, 5, 16; compared with Socrates, 7; medical doctrines of, 8; works, 10; knowledge of osteology, 10; traditions concerning, 14; oath of, 16

Hobbes of Malmesbury, 98

Hoffmann, Caspar, 94

Humours, the four, 8

Huxley, Professor, on errors attributed to Aristotle, 37, 42

Lacteals, the, 54, 100

Lennox, Duke of, 93

Lungs, Aristotle’s description of the, 37

Malpighi, discovery of the capillaries by, 99

Marcus Aurelius, 50

Marine animals, description of, by Aristotle, 29

Mediastinum, correct description of the, by Vesalius, 79

Milk in male animals, occasional appearance of, 29

Mundinus, 66

Neleus, 26

Nicon, father of Galen, 49

Omentum, the, and its connections, 80

Owen, Professor, on Aristotle’s knowledge of the cephalopoda, 29

“Parva naturalia,” 27

Pausanias, 15

Pecquet of Dieppe, 100

Peripatetics, the, 24

Philip, father of Alexander, 22, 23

“Physiological division of labour,” 43

Plato, 22

Pliny, 47, 48

Pneuma, 38

Punctum saliens, 35, 93, 101

Pylorus, the, described by Vesalius, 80

Pythias, 23

Receptaculum chyli, 100

Roelants, Joachim, 78

Scamnum Hippocratis, 12

Servetus, 86

Septimius Severus, 51

Slegel of Hamburg, 98

Socrates compared with Hippocrates, 7

Sprengel’s opinion of Galen, 60

Sylla, 27

Sylvius, 67, 72, 73, 74

Teupulus, Paulus, 77

Theophrastus, 26

Theriac, the, 50

Thoracic duct, discovery of, 100

Tyrannion, 27

Vesalius, birth, 66; scholarship, 66; studied under Sylvius, 67; and Winter of Andernach, 67; adventure at Louvain, 67, 68; appointed professor at Padua, at Bologna, and at Pisa, 69; zeal for correctness in anatomy, 70; skill in diagnosis, 70; distrusts infallibility of Galen’s teaching, 71; writes “Fabric of the Human Body,” 72; is summoned to Ratisbon, 73; destroys his manuscripts, 74; his success as a practitioner, 75; charged with impiety, 75; is sent on pilgrimage, 75; shipwreck and death at Zante, 76; works, 76–80

Vis medicatrix naturæ, 9

Winter of Andernach, 67

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