Essays and Miscellanies, by Plutarch

Table of Contents

  1. That it is Not Possible to Live Pleasurably According to the Doctrine of Epicurus.
  2. That a Philosopher Ought Chiefly to Converse with Great Men.
  3. Abstract of a Discourse Showing that the Stoics Speak Greater Improbabilities than the Poets.
  4. Common Conceptions Against the Stoics.
  5. Contradictions of the Stoics.
  6. The Eating of Flesh.
  7. Concerning Fate.
  8. Against Colotes, the Disciple and Favorite of Epicurus.
  9. Platonic Questions.
    1. Why Did God Command Socrates to Act the Midwife’s Part to Others, but Charged Himself Not to Generate; as he Affirms in Theaetetus?
    2. Why Does he Call the Supreme God Father and Maker of All Things? (Plato, “Timaeus,” p. 28 C.)
    3. But what Does he Mean by Dividing the Universe into Unequal Parts? And which of the Sections, the Intelligible or the Sensible, is the Greater? For in this he has Not Explained Himself.
    4. What is the Reason That, Though Plato Always Says that the Soul is Ancienter than the Body, and that it is the Cause and Principle of its Rise, Yet he Likewise Says, that Neither Could the Soul Exist Without the Body, Nor the Reason Without the Soul, but the Soul in the Body and the Reason in the Soul? For 80 the Body Will Seem to Be and Not to Be, Because it Both Exists with the Soul, and is Begot by the Soul.
    5. Why, Since Bodies and Figures are Contained Partly by Rectilinears and Partly by Circles, Does he Make Isosceles Triangles and Triangles of Unequal Sides the Principles of Rectilinears; of which the Isosceles Triangle Constitutes the Cube, the Element of the Earth; and a Scalene Triangle Forms the Pyramid, the Octahedron the Seed of Fire, Air and Water Respectively, and the Icosahedron; — While he Passes Over Circulars, Though he Does Mention the Globe, where he Says that Each of the Afore-Reckoned Figures Divides a Round Body that Circumscribes it into Equal Parts. (See “Timaeus,” pp. 53–56.)
    6. How Comes it to Pass that in Phaedrus it is Said, that the Nature of a Wing, by which Anything that is Heavy is Carried Upwards, Participates Most of the Body of God? (See “Phaedrus,” p. 246 D.)
    7. In what Sense Does Plato Say, that the Antiperistasis (Or Reaction) Of Motion — By Reason There is No Vacuum — Is the Cause Of the Phenomena in Physicians’ Cupping-Glasses, in Swallowing, in Casting Weights, in the Running of Water, in Thunder, in The Attraction of the Loadstone, and in the Harmony of Sounds? (See “Timaeus,” pp. 79–81.)
    8. What Means Timaeus (See “Timaeus,” p. 42 D.) When he Says that Souls are Dispersed into the Earth, the Moon, and into Other Instruments of Time?
    9. Did Plato Place the Rational or the Irascible Faculty in the Middle? For he is Not Clear in the Point.
    10. Why Said Plato, that Speech was Composed of Nouns and Verbs?
  10. The Life and Poetry of Homer
  11. The Banquet of the Seven Wise Men.
  12. How a Young Man Ought to Hear Poems.
  13. Abstract of a Comparison Between Aristophane and Menander
  14. The Malice of Herodotus.

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Last updated Thursday, March 6, 2014 at 16:24