The Age of Uncertainty, 1859-

The publication of Darwin's Origin of Species in 1859 changed everything. Man's place in the Universe was no longer clear, and the progress of Science in all areas undermined the old certainties. At the same time, the American Civil War and, later, the Boer war and First World War in Europe shattered any sense of moral superiority. From the end of the reign of Queen Victoria, a new style of literature emerged, more questioning of society.

England.

William Henry Hudson, 1841-1922
Green Mansions.
Bram Stoker, 1847-1912
Dracula.
Richard Jefferies, 1848-1887
After London.
Oscar Wilde, 1854-1900
Plays; The Picture of Dorian Gray; The Artist as Critic; Letters.
Thomas Hardy, 1840-1928
The Well-Beloved; The Woodlanders; The Return of the Native; The Mayor of Casterbridge; Far From the Madding Crowd; Tess of the D'Urbervilles; Jude the Obscure; Collected Poems.
Olive Schreiner, 1855-1920
Henry Rider Haggard, 1856-1925
George Bernard Shaw, 1856-1950
Major Critical Essays; Heartbreak House; Pygmalion; Saint Joan; Major Barbara; Back to Methuselah.
Joseph Conrad, 1857-1924
Lord Jim; The Secret Agent; Nostromo; Under Western Eyes; Victory.
George Gissing, 1857-1903
New Grub Street.
Edith Nesbit, 1858-1924
A. E. Housman, 1859-1936
A Shropshire Lad;
Jerome K. Jerome, 1859-1927
Three men in a boat.
M. R. James, 1862-1936
Ghost stories.
W. W. Jacobs, 1863-1943
The Monkey's Paw; The Toll House.
Rudyard Kipling, 1865-1936
Kim;
William Butler Yeats, 1865-1939
Collected Poems;
John Galsworthy, 1867-1933
The Forsyth Saga.
E. M. Forster, 1879-1970
Howard's End; A Passage to India.
H. G. Wells, 1866-1946
The Science Fiction Novels.
Saki, 1870-1916
The Short Stories.
Aubrey Beardsley, 1872-1898
Ford Madox Ford, 1873-1939
Parade's End; The Good Soldier.
G. K. Chesterton, 1874-1936
Collected Poems; The Man Who Was Thursday.
John Buchan, 1875-1940
The Thirty-Nine Steps.
David Lindsay, 1876-1945
A Voyage to Arcturus.
James Joyce, 1882-1941
Dubliners; A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man; Ulysses; Finnegan's Wake;
Virginia Woolf, 1882-1941
Mrs. Dalloway; To the Lighthouse; Orlando: A Biography; The Waves; Between the Acts.;
D. H. Lawrence, 1885-1930
Sons and Lovers; The Rainbow; Women in Love.;
Edna St. Vincent Millay, 1892-1950
Poems.
George Orwell, 1903-1950
Animal Farm; Collected Essays; Nineteen eighty-four;

Australia and New Zealand.

Henry Handel Richardson, 1870-1946
The Getting of Wisdom; The Fortunes of Richard Mahony.
Katherine Mansfield, 1888-1923
Short stories.;

America.

Henry James, 1843-1916
The Portrait of a Lady; The Bostonians; The Princess Casamassima; The Awkward Age; Short Novels and Tales; The Ambassadors; The Wings of the Dove; The Golden Bowl.
Charlotte Perkins Gilman, 1860-1935
Herland.
Edith Wharton, 1862-1937
Collected Short Stories; The Age of Innocence; Ethan Frome; The House of Mirth; The Custom of the Country.
Willa Cather, 1873-1947
My Antonia; The Professor's House; A Lost Lady.
Sinclair Lewis, 1885-1951
Babbit; Dodsworth; Elmer Gantry; It Can't Happen Here;
Eugene O'Neill, 1888-1953
Lazarus Laughed; The Iceman Cometh; Long Day's Journey into Night.;
F. Scott Fitzgerald, 1896-1940
Babylon Revisited and Other Stories; The Great Gatsby; Tender is the Night.;

France.

Anatole France, 1844-1924
Penguin Island; Thaïs.
Marcel Proust, 1871-1922
Remembrance of Things Past (In Search of Lost Time).
Albert Camus, 1913-1960
The Stranger; The Plague; The Fall; The Rebel;

Scandinavia.

Henrik Ibsen, 1828-1906
Brand; Peer Gynt; Emperor and Galilean; Hedda Gabler; The Master Builder; The Lady from the Sea; When We Dead Awaken.
Knut Hamsun, 1859-1952
Hunger; Pan.

Russia.

Anton Chekhov, 1860-1904
The Tales; The Major Plays.
Maksim Gorky, 1868-1936
Reminiscences of Tolstoy, Chekhov, and Andreev; Autobiography.

Europe.

Karel Čapek, 1890-1938
R.U.R.; The War with the Newts
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