The Western Canon

Appendix A–D


Harold Bloom

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This list is taken from Appendices A-D of Harold Bloom's The Western Canon: The Books and School of the Ages (New York: Harcourt Brace, 1994).

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Table of Contents

Bloom divides his Canon into the following four "Ages":

  1. The Theocratic Age: 2000 BCE-1321 CE;
  2. The Aristocratic Age: 1321-1832;
  3. The Democratic Age: 1832-1900;
  4. The Chaotic Age: 20th Century;

A. The Theocratic Age

“Since the literary canon is at issue here, I include only those religious, philosophical, historical, and scientific writings that are themselves of great aesthetic interest. I would think that, of all the books that are in this first list, once the reader is conversant with the Bible, Homer, Plato, the Athenian dramatists, and Virgil, the crucial work is the Koran . . .

“I have included some Sanskrit works, scriptures and fundamental literary texts, because of their influence on the Western canon. The immense wealth of ancient Chinese literature is mostly a sphere apart from Western literary tradition and is rarely conveyed adequately in the translations available to us.” (p. 531)

The Ancient Near East

The Epic of Gilgamesh
Egyptian Book of the Dead
Holy Bible (King James Version)
The Apocrypha
Sayings of the Fathers (Pirke Aboth)

Ancient India (Sanskrit)

Mahabharata
Bhagavad-Gita
Ramayana

The Ancient Greeks

Homer (ca.800BC)
Iliad; Odyssey.
Hesiod (ca.700BC)
Works and Days; Theogony.
Archilochos
Sappho (ca.600BC)
Alkman
Pindar.
Odes.
Aeschylus (525 BC - 456 BC)
Oresteia; Seven Against Thebes; Prometheus Bound; Persians; Suppliant Women.
Sophocles (c. 496-c. 405 BC)
Oedipus the King; Oedipus at Colonus; Antigone; Electra; Ajax; Women of Trachis; Philoctetes.
Euripides (480 or 484-406 BC)
Cyclops; Heracles; Alcestis; Hecuba; Bacchae; Orestes; Andromache; Medea; Ion; Hippolytus; Helen; Iphigenia at Aulis.
Aristophanes (ca. 446 BC - 385 BC)
The Birds; The Clouds; The Frogs; Lysistrata; The Knights; The Wasps; The Assemblywomen.
Herodotus, 485–420BCE
The Histories.
Thucydides, ca.460 BCE
The Peloponnesian Wars.
The Pre-Socratics (Heraclitus, Empedocles)
Plato, c.427-c.347 BCE
Dialogues.
Aristotle, 384–322 BCE
Poetics; Ethics.

Hellenistic Greeks

Menander, ca. 342–291 BC
The Girl from Samos.
Longinus.
On the Sublime.
Callimachus.
Hymns and Epigrams.
Theocritus.
Idylls.
Plutarch, 46–120
Lives; Moralia.
Aesop (620 - 560 BC)
Fables.
Lucian.
Satires.

The Romans

Plautus.
Pseudolus; The Braggart Soldier; The Rope; Amphitryon.
Terence, 195/185–159 BC
The Girl from Andros; The Eunuch; The Mother-in-Law.
Lucretius, 98?–55 BCE
The Way Things Are.
Marcus Tullius Cicero, 106–43 BCE
On the Gods.
Horace, 65-8 BCE
Odes; Epistles; Satires.
Persius.
Satires.
Catullus (c.84 B.C. - c.54 B.C.)
Attis and Other Poems.
Virgil (70-19 BC)
Aeneid; Eclogues; Georgics.
Lucan.
Pharsalia.
Ovid (43 BC - 17 AD)
Metamorphoses; The Art of Love; Heroides.
Juvenal.
Satires.
Martial.
Epigrams.
Seneca, Lucius Annaeus, ca.4 BCE–65 CE
Tragedies, particularly Medea and Hercules Furens.
Petronius, c.27-66
Satyricon.
Apuleius, c. 123/125-c. 180
The Golden Ass.

The Middle Ages: Latin, Arabic, and the Vernacular Before Dante

Augustine of Hippo, 354–430
City of God; Confessions.
The Koran (Al-Qur'an)
The Book of the Thousand Nights and One Night
The Poetic Edda
Snorri Sturluson.
The Prose Edda.
The Nibelungen Lied
Wolfram von Eschenbach, 1170–1220
Parzival.
Chrétien de Troyes, 12th cent
Yvain: The Knight of the Lion.
Beowulf (ca.800)
The Poem of the Cid
Christine de Pisan
The Book of the City of Ladies.
Pedro, Diego de San.
Prison of Love.

B. The Aristocratic Age

“It is a span of five hundred years from Dante's Divine Comedy through Goethe's Faust, Part Two [1321-1832], an era that gives us a huge body of reading in five major literatures: Italian, Spanish, English, French, and German.

“In this and in the remaining lists, I sometimes do not mention individual works by a canonical master, and in other instances I attempt to call attention to authors and books that I consider canonical but rather neglected.

“From this list onward, many good writers who are not quite central are omitted. . . . ” (p. 534)

Italy

Dante (1265 - 1321)
The Divine Comedy; The New Life.
Petrarch, 1304-1374
Lyric Poems; Selections.
Giovanni Boccaccio, 1313-1375
The Decameron.
Matteo Maria Boiardo, 1440 or 41-1494.
Orlando Innamorato.
Lodovico Ariosto, 1474-1533
Orlando Furioso.
Michelangelo Buonarroti
Sonnets and Madrigals.
Machiavelli, Niccolò, 1469–1527
The Prince; The Mandrake, a Comedy.
Leonardo da Vinci
Notebooks.
Baldassare Castiglione
The Book of the Courtier.
Gaspara Stampa
Sonnets and Madrigals.
Giorgio Vasari
Lives of the Painters.
Benvenuto Cellini, 1500–1571
Autobiography.
Torquato Tasso
Jerusalem Delivered.
Giordano Bruno
The Expulsion of the Triumphant Beast.
Tommaso Campanella, 1568-1639
Poems; The City of the Sun.
Giambattista Vico
Principles of a New Science.
Carlo Goldoni
The Servant of Two Masters.
Vittorio Alfieri
Saul.

Portugal

Camoëns, Luis de.
The Lusiads.
Ferreira, Antònio.
Poetry.

Spain

Jorge Manrique
Coplas.
Fernando de Rojas
La Celestina.
Anonymous.
Lazarillo de Tormes.
Francisco de Quevedo
Visions; Satirical Letter of Censure.
León, Fray Luis de.
Poems.
St. John of the Cross
Poems.
Góngora, Luis de.
Sonnets; Soledades.
Miguel de Cervantes, 1547-1616
Don Quixote; Exemplary Stories.
Lope de Vega
La Dorotea; Fuente Ovejuna; Lost in a Mirror; The Knight of Olmedo.
Tirso de Molina
The Trickster of Seville.
Pedro Calderon de la Barca, 1600–1681
Life is a Dream; The Mayor of Zalamea; The Mighty Magician; The Doctor of His Own Honor.
Cruz, Sor Juana Inés de la.
Poems.

England and Scotland

Chaucer, Geoffrey (ca.1343-1400)
The Canterbury Tales; Troilus and Criseyde.
Thomas Malory, 1430-1471
Le Morte D'Arthur.
William Dunbar
Poems.
John Skelton
Poems.
Thomas More, 1478-1535
Utopia.
Thomas Wyatt.
Poems.
Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey
Poems.
Philip Sidney, 1554-1586.
The Countess of Pembroke's Arcadia; Astrophel and Stella; An Apology for Poetry.
Fulke Greville, Lord Brooke
Poems.
Edmund Spenser, 1552-1599
The Faerie Queene; The Minor Poems.
Walter Ralegh,
Poems.
Christopher Marlowe, 1564-1593
Poems and Plays.
Michael Drayton
Poems.
Samuel Daniel
Poems; A Defence of Ryme.
Thomas Nashe, 1567-1601
The Unfortunate Traveller.
Thomas Kyd
The Spanish Tragedy.
William Shakespeare, 1564-1616
Plays and Poems.
Thomas Campion
Songs.
John Donne, 1572-1631
Poems; Sermons.
Ben Jonson, 1573-1637
Poems, Plays, and Masques.
Francis Bacon, 1561–1626
Essays.
Robert Burton, 1577–1640
The Anatomy of Melancholy.
Thomas Browne, 1605–1682
Religio Medici; Hydriotaphia, or Urne-Buriall; The Garden of Cyrus.
Thomas Hobbes, 1588–1679
Leviathan.
Herrick, Robert, 1591-1674
Poems.
Thomas Carew
Poems.
Richard Lovelace
Poems.
Andrew Marvell, 1621-1678
Poems.
George Herbert
The Temple.
Thomas Traherne
Centuries, Poems, and Thanksgivings.
Henry Vaughan
Poetry.
John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester.
Poems.
Richard Crashaw
Poems.
Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher.
Plays.
George Chapman
Comedies, Tragedies, Poems.
John Ford, 1586-ca.1640
'Tis Pity She's a Whore.
John Marston
The Malcontent.
John Webster, c.1580-c.1634
The White Devil; The Duchess of Malfi.
Thomas Middleton and William Rowley.
The Changeling.
Cyril Tourneur
The Revenger's Tragedy.
Philip Massinger
A New Way to Pay Old Debts.
John Bunyan
The Pilgrim's Progress.
Izaak Walton, 1593-1683
The Compleat Angler.
John Milton, 1608-1674
Paradise Lost; Paradise Regained; Lycidas, Comus, and the Minor Poems; Samson Agonistes; Areopagitica.
John Aubrey, 1626–1697
Brief Lives.
Jeremy Taylor
Holy Dying.
Samuel Butler, 1612-1680
Hudibras.
John Dryden, 1631-1700
Poetry and Plays; Critical Essays.
Thomas Otway
Venice Preserv'd.
William Congreve
The Way of the World; Love for Love.
Jonathan Swift, 1667-1745
A Tale of a Tub; Gulliver's Travels; Shorter Prose Works; Poems.
George Etherege
The Man of Mode.
Alexander Pope, 1688-1744
Poems.
John Gay, 1685-1732
The Beggar's Opera.
James Boswell, 1740-1795
Life of Johnson; Journals.
Samuel Johnson, 1709–1784
Works.
Edward Gibbon, 1737–1794
The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
Edmund Burke, 1729–1797
A Philosophical Enquiry into the Sublime and Beautiful; Reflections on the Revolution in France.
Maurice Morgann
An Essay on the Dramatic Character of Sir John Falstaff.
William Collins
Poems.
George Farquhar
The Beaux' Strategem; The Recruiting Officer.
William Wycherley
The Country Wife; The Plain Dealer.
Christopher Smart
Jubilate Agno; A Song to David.
Oliver Goldsmith, 1728-1774
The Vicar of Wakefield; She Stoops to Conquer; The Traveller; The Deserted Village.
Richard Brinsley Sheridan, 1751–1816
The School of Scandal; The Rivals.
William Cowper, 1731-1800
Poetical Works.
George Crabbe
Poetical Works.
Defoe, Daniel (1661?-1731)
Moll Flanders; Robinson Crusoe; A Journal of the Plague Year.
Samuel Richardson, 1689-1761.
Clarissa; Pamela; Sir Charles Grandison.
Henry Fielding, 1707-1754
Joseph Andrews; The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling.
Tobias Smollett, 1721-1771
The Expedition of Humphry Clinker; The Adventures of Roderick Random.
Laurence Sterne, 1713-1768
The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman; A Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy.
Fanny Burney, 1752-1840
Evelina.
Joseph Addison and Richard Steele.
The Spectator.

France

Jean Froissart, 1337-1405
Chronicles; The Song of Roland.
François Villon,
Poems.
Michel de Montaigne, 1533-1592
Essays.
Francois Rabelais, 1494?-1553?
Gargantua and Pantagruel.
Marguerite de Navarre, 1492–1549
The Heptameron.
Joachim Du Bellay,
The Regrets.
Maurice Scève,
Délie.
Pierre Ronsard
Odes, Elegies, Sonnets.
Philippe de Commynes
Memoirs.
Agrippa d'Aubigné,
Les Tragiques.
Robert Garnier
Mark Antony; The Jewesses.
Pierre Corneille
The Cid; Polyeucte; Nicomède; Horace; Cinna; Rodogune.
François de La Rochefoucauld,
Maxims.
Jean de La Fontaine, 1621-1695
Fables.
Molière, 1622-1673
The Misanthrope; Tartuffe; The School for Wives; The Learned Ladies; Don Juan; School for Husbands; Ridiculous Precieuses; The Would-Be Gentleman; The Miser; The Imaginary Invalid.
Blaise Pascal, 1623–1662
Pensées.
Bosuet, Jacques-Bénigne.
Funerary Orations.
Boileau-Despréaux, Nicolas.
The Art of Poetry; Lutrin.
Jean Racine
Phaedra; Andromache; Britannicus; Athaliah.
Pierre Carlet de Marivaux,
Seven Comedies.
Rousseau, Jean–Jacques, 1712–1778
The Confessions; Émile; La Nouvelle Héloïse.
Voltaire, 1694-1778
Zadig; Candide; Letters on England; The Lisbon Earthquake.
Abbe Prevost
Manon Lescaut.
Madame de La Fayette,
The Princess of Cleves.
Chamfort, Sébastien-Roch Nicolas de.
Products of the Perfected Civilization.
Denis Diderot
Rameau's Nephew.
Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, 1741-1803
Dangerous Liaisons.

Germany

Erasmus of Rotterdam, 1466–1536
In Praise of Folly.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, 1749–1832
Faust, Parts One and Two; Dichtung und Wahrheit; Egmont; Elective Affinities; The Sorrows of Young Werther; Poems; Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship; Wilhelm Meister's Years of Wandering; Italian Journey; Verse Plays; Hermann and Dorothea; Roman Elegies; Venetian Epigrams; West-Eastern Divan.
Friedrich Schiller, 1759-1805
The Robbers; Mary Stuart; Wallenstein; Don Carlos; On the Naïve and Sentimental in Literature.
Gotthold Lessing
Laocoön; Nathan the Wise.
Freidrich Hölderlin,
Hymns and Fragments; Selected Poems.
Heinrich von Kleist
Five Plays; Stories.

C. The Democratic Age

“I have located Vico's Democratic Age in the post-Goethean nineteenth century, when the literature of Italy and Spain ebbs, yielding eminence to England with its renaissance of the Renaissance in Romanticism, and to a lesser degree to France and Germany.

“This is also the era where the strength of both Russian and American literature begins.” (p. 540)

Italy

Ugo Foscolo
On Sepulchres; Last Letters of Jacopo Ortis; Odes and The Graces.
Alessandro Manzoni
The Betrothed; On the Historical Novel.
Giacomo Leopardi
Essays and Dialogues; Poems; The Moral Essays.
Belli, Giuseppe Gioacchino.
Roman Sonnets.
Giosué Carducci,
Hymn to Satan; Barbarian Odes; Rhymes and Rhythms.
Giovanni Verga, 1840-1922
Little Novels of Sicily; Mastro-Don Gesualdo; The House by the Medlar Tree; The She-Wolf and Other Stories.

Spain and Portugal

Bécquer, Gustavo Adolpho.
Poems.
Galdós, Benito Pérez.
Fortunata and Jacinta.
(Clarín), Leopoldo Alas.
La Regenta.
Queirós, José Maria de Eça de.
The Maias.

France

Benjamin Constant
Adolphe; The Red Notebook.
François-Auguste-René de Chateaubriand,
Attala; René; The Genius of Christianity.
Alphonse de Lamartine
Meditations.
Alfred de Vigny
Chatterton; Poems.
Victor Hugo, 1802-1885
The Distance, the Shadows: Selected Poems; Les Misérables; Notre-Dame of Paris; William Shakespeare; The Toilers of the Sea; The End of Satan; God.
Alfred de Musset
Poems; Lorenzaccio.
Nerval, Gérard de.
The Chimeras; Sylvie; Aurelia.
Gautier, Théophile, 1811–1872
Mademoiselle de Maupin; Enamels and Cameos.
Balzac, Honoré de, 1799-1850
The Girl with the Golden Eyes; Louis Lambert; The Wild Ass's Skin; Old Goriot; Cousin Bette; A Harlot High and Low; Eugénie Grandet; Ursule Mirouet.
Stendhal, 1783-1842
On Love; The Red and the Black; The Charterhouse of Parma.
Gustave Flaubert, 1821-1880
Madame Bovary; Sentimental Education; Salammbô; A Simple Soul.
George Sand, 1804-1876
The Haunted Pool.
Charles Baudelaire, 1821-1867
Flowers of Evil; Paris Spleen.
Mallarmé, Stéphane.
Selected Poetry and Prose.
Paul Verlaine
Selected Poems.
Arthur Rimbaud
Complete Works.
Corbière, Tristan.
Les Armours Jaunes.
Jules Laforgue
Selected Writings.
Guy de Maupassant, 1850-1893
Selected Short Stories.
Emile Zola, 1840-1902
Germinal; L'Assommoir; Nana.

Scandinavia

Henrik Ibsen, 1828-1906
Brand; Peer Gynt; Emperor and Galilean; Hedda Gabler; The Master Builder; The Lady from the Sea; When We Dead Awaken.
August Strindberg
To Damascus; Miss Julie; The Father; The Dance of Death; The Ghost Sonata; A Dream Play.

Great Britain

Robert Burns
Poems.
William Blake, 1757-1827
Complete Poetry and Prose.
William Wordsworth, 1770–1850
Poems; The Prelude.
Walter Scott, 1771-1832
Waverley; The Heart of Midlothian; Redgauntlet; Old Mortality.
Jane Austen, 1775-1817
Pride and Prejudice; Emma; Mansfield Park; Persuasion.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, 1772–1834
Poems and Prose.
Dorothy Wordsworth
The Grasmere Journal.
Hazlitt, William, 1778-1830
Essays and Criticism.
George Byron, 1788-1824
Don Juan; P oems.
Walter Savage Landor
Poems; Imaginary Conversations.
Thomas de Quincey, 1785–1859
Confessions of an English Opium Eater; Selected Prose.
Charles Lamb
Essays.
Maria Edgeworth, 1767-1849
Castle Rackrent.
John Galt
The Entail.
Elizabeth Gaskell, 1810-1865
Cranford; Mary Barton; North and South.
James Hogg
The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner.
Charles Robert Maturin, 1782–1824
Melmoth the Wanderer.
Percy Bysshe Shelley, 1792-1822
Poems; A Defence of Poetry.
Mary Shelley, 1797-1851
Frankenstein.
John Clare
Poems.
John Keats, 1795-1821
Poems and Letters.
Beddoes, Thomas Lovell.
Death's Jest-Book; Poems.
George Darley
Nepenthe; Poems.
Thomas Hood
Poems.
Thomas Wade
Poems.
Robert Browning, 1812–1889
Poems; The Ring and the Book.
Charles Dickens, 1812-1870
The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club; David Copperfield; The Adventures of Oliver Twist; A Tale of Two Cities; Bleak House; Hard Times; Nicholas Nickleby; Dombey and Son; Great Expectations; Martin Chuzzlewit; Christmas Stories; Little Dorrit; Our Mutual Friend; The Mystery of Edwin Drood.
Alfred Tennyson, 1809-1892
Poems.
Dante Gabriel Rossetti, 1828-1882
Poems and Translations.
Matthew Arnold, 1822-1888
Poems; Essays.
Clough, Arthur Hugh.
Poems.
Christina Georgina Rossetti, 1830-1894.
Poems.
Thomas Love Peacock, 1785–1866
Nightmare Abbey; Gryll Grange.
Hopkins, Gerald Manley.
Poems and Prose.
Thomas Carlyle, 1795–1881
Selected Prose; Sartor Resartus.
John Ruskin, 1819-1900
Modern Painters; The Stones of Venice; Unto This Last; The Queen of the Air.
Walter Pater
Studies in the History of the Renaissance; Appreciations; Imaginary Portraits; Marius the Epicurean.
FitzGerald, Edward.
The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam.
John Stuart Mill, 1806–1873
On Liberty; Autobiography.
Newman, John Henry.
Apologia pro Vita Sua; A Grammar of Assent; The Idea of a University.
Anthony Trollope, 1815-1882
The Barsetshire Novels; The Palliser Novels; Orley Farm; The Way We Live Now.
Lewis Carroll, 1832-1898
Complete Works.
Edward Lear
Complete Nonsense.
George Gissing, 1857-1903
New Grub Street.
Swinburne, Algernon Charles.
Poems and Letters.
Charlotte Bronte, 1816-1855
Jane Eyre; Villette.
Emily Bronte, 1818-1848
Poems; Wuthering Heights.
Anne Bronte, 1820-1849
William Makepeace Thackeray, 1811-1863
Vanity Fair; The History of Henry Esmond.
George Meredith, 1828-1909
Poems; The Egoist.
Francis Thompson
Poems.
Lionel Johnson
Poems.
Robert Bridges
Poems.
Chesterton, G. K. (Gilbert Keith), 1874-1936
Collected Poems; The Man Who Was Thursday.
Samuel Butler, 1835-1902
Erewhon; The Way of All Flesh.
Gilbert, W.S.
Complete Plays of Gilbert and Sullivan; Bab Ballads.
Wilkie Collins, 1824-1889
The Moonstone; The Woman in White; No Name.
Coventry Patmore
Odes.
Thomson, James, 1834–1882
The City of the Dreadful Night.
Oscar Wilde, 1854-1900
Plays; The Picture of Dorian Gray; The Artist as Critic; Letters.
John Davidson
Ballads and Songs.
Ernest Dowson
Complete Poems.
George Eliot, 1819-1880
Adam Bede; Silas Marner; The Mill on the Floss; Middlemarch; Daniel Deronda.
Robert Louis Stevenson, 1850-1894
Essays; Kidnapped; Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde; Treasure Island; The New Arabian Nights; The Master of Ballantrae; Weir of Hermiston.
William Morris, 1834-1896
Early Romances; Poems; The Earthly Paradise; The Well at the World's End; News from Nowhere.
Bram Stoker, 1847-1912
Dracula.
George MacDonald, 1824-1905
Lilith; At the Back of the North Wind.

Germany

Novalis (Friedrich von Hardenburg).
Hymns to the Night; Aphorisms.
Jakob Grimm, 1785–1863 and Grimm, Wilhelm, 1786–1859
Fairy Tales.
Mörike, Eduard.
Selected Poems; Mozart on His Way to Prague.
Theodor Storm
Immensee; Poems.
Gottfried Keller
Green Henry; Tales.
Hoffmann, E. T. A. (Ernst Theodor Amadeus), 1776-1822
The Devil's Elixir; Tales.
Jeremias Gotthelf
The Black Spider.
Adalbert Stifter
Indian Summer; Tales.
Friedrich Schlegel
Criticism and Aphorisms.
Büchner, Georg.
Danton's Death; Woyzeck.
Heinrich Heine
Complete Poems.
Richard Wagner
The Ring of the Nibelung.
Friedrich Nietzsche, 1844–1900
The Birth of Tragedy; Beyond Good and Evil; On the Genealogy of Morals; The Will to Power.
Theodor Fontane
Effi Briest.
Stefan George
Selected Poems.

Russia

Aleksandr Pushkin, 1799-1837
Complete Prose Tales; Complete Poetry; Eugene Onegin; Narrative Poems; Boris Godunov.
Nikolai Gogol, 1809-1852
The Complete Tales; Dead Souls; The Government Inspector.
Mikhail Lermontov, 1814-1841
Narrative Poems; A Hero of Our Time.
Segey Aksakov
A Family Chronicle.
Aleksandr Herzen
My Past and Thoughts; From the Other Shore.
Ivan Goncharov
The Frigate Pallada; Oblomov.
Ivan Turgenev, 1818-1883
A Sportsman's Notebook; A Month in the Country; Fathers and Sons; On the Eve; First Love.
Fyodor Dostoyevsky, 1821-1881
Notes from the Underground; Crime and Punishment; The Idiot; The Possessed (The Devils); The Brothers Karamazov; Short Novels.
Leo Tolstoy, 1828-1910
The Cossacks; War and Peace; Anna Karenina; A Confession; The Power of Darkness; Short Novels.
Nikolay Leskov
Tales.
Aleksandr Ostrovsky
The Storm.
Nikolay Chernyshevsky
What is to Be Done?.
Aleksandr Blok
The Twelve and Other Poems.
Anton Chekhov, 1860-1904
The Tales; The Major Plays.

The United States

Washington Irving, 1783-1859
The Sketch Book.
Bryant, William Cullen.
Collected Poems.
James Fenimore Cooper, 1789–1851.
The Deerslayers.
Whittier, John Greenleaf.
Collected Poems.
Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1803–1882
Nature; Essays; Representative Men; The Conduct of Life; Journals; Poems.
Emily Dickinson, 1830–1886
Complete Poems.
Walt Whitman
Leaves of Grass, first edition; Leaves of Grass, third edition; The Complete Poems; Specimen Days.
Nathaniel Hawthorne, 1804-1864
The Scarlet Letter; Tales and Sketches; The Marble Faun; Notebooks.
Herman Melville, 1819-1891
Moby-Dick; The Piazza Tales; Billy Budd; Collected Poems; Clarel.
Edgar Allan Poe, 1809-1849
Poetry and Tales; Essays and Reviews; The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym; Eureka.
Jones Very
Essays and Poems.
Tuckerman, Frederick Goddard.
The Cricket and Other Poems.
Henry David Thoreau, 1817–1862
Walden; Poems; Essays.
Dana, Richard Henry.
Two Years Before the Mast.
Frederick Douglass
Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 1807–1882
Selected Poems.
Sidney Lanier
Poems.
Francis Parkman
France and England in North America; The California and Oregon Trail.
Henry Adams
The Education of Henry Adams; Mont Saint-Michel and Chartres.
Ambrose Bierce, 1842-1913
Collected Writings.
Louisa May Alcott, 1832–1888
Little Women.
Chesnutt, Charles W.
The Short Fiction.
Kate Chopin, 1850-1904
The Awakening.
William Dean Howells, 1837-1920
The Rise of Silas Lapham; A Modern Instance.
Stephen Crane
The Red Badge of Courage; Stories and Poems.
Henry James, 1843-1916
The Portrait of a Lady; The Bostonians; The Princess Casamassima; The Awkward Age; Short Novels and Tales; The Ambassadors; The Wings of the Dove; The Golden Bowl.
Harold Frederic
The Damnation of Theron Ware.
Mark Twain, 1835-1910
Complete Short Stories; The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn; The Devil's Racetrack; Number Forty-Four: The Mysterious Stranger; Pudd'nhead Wilson; A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court.
William James, 1842–1910
The Varieties of Religious Experience; Pragmatism.
Frank Norris
The Octopus.
Jewett, Sarah Orne.
The Country of the Pointed Firs and Other Stories.
Trumbull Stickney
Poems.

D. The Chaotic Age: A Canonical Prophecy

“I am not as confident about this list as the first three. Cultural prophecy is always a mug's game. Not all of the works here can prove to be canonical . . . literary overpopulation is a hazard to many among them. But I have neither excluded nor included on the basis of cultural politics of any kind.” (p. 548)

Italy

Luigi Pirandello
Naked Masks: Five Plays.
D'Annunzio, Gabriele.
Maia: In Praise of Life.
Dino Campana
Orphic Songs.
Umberto Saba
Stories and Recollections; Poems.
Lampedusa, Giuseppe Tomasi di.
The Leopard.
Giuseppe Ungaretti
Selected Poems; The Buried Harbour: Selected Poems.
Eugenio Montale
The Storm and Other Things: Poems; The Occasions: Poems; Cuttlefish Bones: Poems; Otherwise: Last and First Poems; The Second Life of Art: Selected Essays.
Salvatore Quasimodo
Selected Writings: Poems and Discourse on Poetry.
Tommaso Landolfi
Gogol's Wife and Other Stories.
Leonardo Sciascia
Day of the Owl; Equal Danger; The Wine-Dark Sea: Thirteen Stories.
Pasolini, Pier Paolo.
Poems.
Cesare Pavese
Hard Labor: Poems; Dialogues with Leucò.
Primo Levi
If Not Now, When?; Collected Poems; The Periodic Table.
Italo Svevo
The Confession of Zeno; As a Man Grows Older.
Giorgio Bassani
The Heron.
Natalia Ginzburg
Family.
Elio Vittorini
Women of Messina.
Alberto Moravia
1934.
Andrea Zanzotto
Selected Poetry.
Italo Calvino
Invisible Cities; The Baron in the Trees; If on a Winter's Night a Traveler; t zero.
Antonio Porta
Kisses from Another Dream: Poems.

Spain

Miguel de Unamuno
Three Exemplary Novels; Our Lord Don Quixote.
Antonio Machado
Selected Poems.
Jiménez, Juan Ramón.
Invisible Reality: Poems.
Pedro Salinas
My Voice Because of You: Poems.
Guillén, Jorge.
Guillén on Guillén: The Poetry and the Poet.
Vicente Aleixandre
A Longing for the Light: Selected Poems.
Lorca, Federico Garcia.
Selected Poems; Three Tragedies: Blood Wedding, Yerma, The House of Bernardo Alba.
Rafael Alberti
The Owl's Insomnia: Poems.
Luis Cernuda
Selected Poems.
Hernández, Miguel.
Selected Poems.
Blas de Otero
Selected Poems.
Cela, Camilo José.
The Hive.
Juan Goytisolo
Space in Motion.

Catalonia

Ribá, Carles.
Selected Poems.
Foix, J.V.
Selected Poems.
Joan Perucho
Natural History.
Merce Rodoreda
The Time of the Doves.
Pere Gimferrer
Selected Poems.
Espríu, Salvador.
La Pell de Brau: Poems.

Portugal

Fernando Pessoa
The Keeper of Sheep; Poems; Selected Poems; Always.
Astonished: Selected Poems
The Book of Disquiet.
Jorge de Sena
Selected Poems.
Saramago, José.
Baltasar and Blimunda.
José Cardoso Pires.
Ballad of Dogs' Beach.
Breyner, Sophia de Mello.
Selected Poems.
Andrade, Eugénio de.
Selected Poems.

France

Anatole France, 1844-1924
Penguin Island; Thaïs.
Alain-Fournier.
Le Grand Meaulnes.
Marcel Proust, 1871-1922
Remembrance of Things Past (In Search of Lost Time).
Andre Gide.
The Immoralist; Corydon; Lafcadio's Adventure (The Caves of the Vatican); The Journals.
Colette.
Collected Stories; Retreat from Love.
Georges Bataille
Blue of Noon.
Céline, Louis-Ferdinand.
Journey to the End of Night.
Daumal, René.
Mount Analogue.
Jean Genet
Our Lady of the Flowers; The Thief's Journal; The Balcony.
Jean Giraudoux
Four Plays.
Alfred Jarry
Selected Works.
Jean Cocteau
The Infernal Machine and Other Works.
Guillaume Apollinaire
Selected Writings.
Breton, André.
Poems; Manifestoes of Surrealism.
Valéry, Paul.
The Art of Poetry; Selected Writings.
Char, René.
Poems.
Éluard, Paul.
Selected Poems.
Louis Aragon
Selected Poems.
Jean Giono
The Horseman on the Roof.
Michel Leiris
Manhood.
Raymond Radiguet
Count d'Orgel's Ball.
Sartre, Jean-Paul.
No Exit; Nausea; Saint Genet; The Words; The Family Idiot; Gustave Flaubert.
Simone de Beauvoir
The Second Sex.
Albert Camus, 1913-1960
The Stranger; The Plague; The Fall; The Rebel.
Henri Michaux
Selected Writings.
Jabès, Edmond.
The Book of Questions; Selected Poems.
Perse, Saint-John.
Anabasis; Birds; Exile and Other Poems.
Pierre Reverdy
Selected Poems.
Tristan Tzara
Seven Dada Manifestoes.
Max Jacob
Selected Poems.
Jouve, Pierre-Jean.
Selected Poems.
Francis Ponge
Things: Selected Writings, tr. by Cid Corman.
Prévert, Jacques.
Paroles.
Philippe Jacottet
Selected Poems, tr. by Derek Mahon.
Péguy, Charles.
The Mystery of the Charity of Joan of Arc.
Péret, Benjamin.
Selected Poems.
Malraux, André.
The Conquerors; The Royal Way; Man's Fate; Man's Hope; The Voices of Silence.
Mauriac, François.
Therese; The Desert of Love; The Woman of the Pharisees, tr. by Gerard Hopkins.
Jean Anouilh
Becket; Antigone; Eurydice; The Rehearsal.
Ionesco, Eugène.
The Bald Soprano; The Chairs; The Lesson; Amédée; Victims of Duty; Rhinoceros.
Maurice Blanchot
Thomas the Obscure, tr. by Robert Lamberton.
Pierre Klossowski
The Laws of Hospitality; The Baphomet.
Raymond Roussel
Locus Solus.
Antonin Artaud
Selected Writings, tr. by Helen Weaver.
Lévi-Strauss, Claude.
Tristes Tropiques.
Robbe-Grillet, Alain.
The Voyeur; Jealousy; In the Labyrinth; The Erasers; Project for a Revolution in New York; For a New Novel, tr. by Richard Howard.
Nathalie Sarraute
The Use of Speech, tr. by Barbara Wright; The Planetarium, tr. by Maria Jolas.
Claude Simon
The Grass; The Wind; The Flanders Road, tr. by Richard Howard.
Marguerite Duras
The Lover, tr. by Barbara Bray; Four Novels, tr. by Sonia Pitt-Rivers and others.
Robert Pinget
Fable; The Libera Me Domine; That Voice, tr. by Barbara Wright.
Michel Tournier
The Ogre; Friday.
Marguerite Yourcenar
Coup de Grace; Memoirs of Hadrian.
Jean Follain
Transparance of the World: Poems, tr. by W. S. Merwin.
Yves Bonnefoy
Words in Stone, tr. by Susanna Lang.

Great Britain and Ireland.

Yeats, W. B. (William Butler), 1865-1939
The Collected Poems; Collected Plays; A Vision; Mythologies.
George Bernard Shaw, 1856-1950
Major Critical Essays; Heartbreak House; Pygmalion; Saint Joan; Major Barbara; Back to Methuselah.
John Millington Synge, 1871-1909
Collected Plays.
Sean O'Casey.
Juno and the Paycock; The Plough and the Stars; The Shadow of a Gunman.
George Douglas Brown, 1869-1902
The House with the Green Shutters.
Thomas Hardy, 1840-1928
The Well-Beloved; The Woodlanders; The Return of the Native; The Mayor of Casterbridge; Far From the Madding Crowd; Tess of the D'Urbervilles; Jude the Obscure; Collected Poems.
Rudyard Kipling, 1865-1936
Kim; Collected Stories; Puck of Pook's Hill; Complete Verse.
Housman, A. E., 1859-1936
Collected Poems.
Max Beerbohm, 1872-1956
Zuleika Dobson, Seven Men and Two Others.
Joseph Conrad, 1857-1924
Lord Jim; The Secret Agent; Nostromo; Under Western Eyes; Victory.
Ronald Firbank, 1886-1926
Five Novels.
Ford Madox Ford, 1873-1939
Parade's End; The Good Soldier.
W. Somerset Maugham, 1874-1965
Collected Short Stories; The Moon and Sixpence.
John Cowper Powys, 1872-1963
Wolf Solent; A Glastonbury Romance.
Saki, 1870-1916
The Short Stories.
Wells, H. G., 1866-1946
The Science Fiction Novels.
David Lindsay, 1876-1945
A Voyage to Arcturus.
Arnold Bennett, 1867–1931.
The Old Wives' Tale.
Walter De la Mare, 1873-1956
Collected Poems; Memoirs of a Midget.
Wilfred Owen
Collected Poems.
Isaac Rosenberg
Collected Poems.
Edward Thomas
Collected Poems.
Robert Graves
Collected Poems; King Jesus.
David Jones
In Parenthesis; The Anathemata.
John Galsworthy, 1867-1933
The Forsyth Saga.
E.M. Forster
Howard's End; A Passage to India.
Frank O'Connor, 1903-1966
Collected Stories.
Lawrence, D. H., 1885-1930
Complete Poems; Studies in Classic American Literature; Complete Short Stories; Sons and Lovers; The Rainbow; Women in Love.
Virginia Woolf, 1882-1941
Mrs. Dalloway; To the Lighthouse; Orlando: A Biography; The Waves; Between the Acts.
James Joyce, 1882-1941
Dubliners; Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man; Ulysses; Finnegans Wake.
Samuel Beckett
Murphy; Watt; Molloy, Malone Dies, The Unnameable; Waiting for Godot; Endgame; Krapp's Last Tape; How It Is.
Elizabeth Bowen, 1899-1973
Collected Stories.
J.G. Farrell, 1935-1979
The Siege of Krishnapur.
Henry Green
Nothing; Loving; Party Going.
Evelyn Waugh
A Handful of Dust; Scoop; Vile Bodies; Put Out More Flags.
Anthony Burgess
Nothing Like the Sun.
Edwards, G.B.
The Book of Ebenezer Le Page.
Iris Murdoch
The Good Apprentice; Bruno's Dream.
Graham Greene
Brighton Rock; The Heart of the Matter; The Power and the Glory.
Christopher Isherwood
The Berlin Stories.
Norman Douglas
South Wind.
Aldous Huxley
Collected Essays; Antic Hay; Point Counter Point; Brave New World.
Lawrence Durrell
The Alexandria Quartet.
William Golding
Pincher Martin.
Doris Lessing
The Golden Notebook.
Mervyn Peake
The Gormenghast Trilogy.
Jeanette Winterson
The Passion.
Auden, W.H.
Collected Poems; The Dyer's Hand.
Roy Fuller
Collected Poems.
Gavin Ewart
Selected Poems.
Basil Bunting
Collected Poems.
William Empson
Collected Poems; Milton's God; Some Versions of Pastoral.
Knight, George Wilson.
The Wheel of Fire; The Burning Oracle.
Thomas, R.S.
Poems.
Frank Kermode
The Sense of an Ending.
Stevie Smith
Collected Poems.
Prince, F.T.
Collected Poems.
Philip Larkin
Collected Poems.
Donald Davie
Selected Poems.
Geoffrey Hill
Selected Poems.
Jonathan Spence
The Death of Woman Wang; The Memory Palace of Matteo Ricci.
Elizabeth Jennings
Selected Poems.
Keith Douglas
The Complete Poems.
MacDiarmid, Hugh.
Complete Poems.
MacNeice, Louis.
Collected Poems.
Dylan Thomas, 1914-1953
The Poems.
Nigel Dennis
Cards of Identity.
Seamus Heaney
Selected Poems: 1969-1987; Field Work; Station Island.
Thomas Kinsella
Peppercanister Poems.
Paul Muldoon
Selected Poems.
John Montague
Selected Poems.
John Arden
Plays.
Joe Orton
The Complete Plays.
Flann O'Brian,
The Dalkey Archive; The Third Policeman.
Tom Stoppard
Travesties.
Harold Pinter
The Caretaker; The Homecoming.
Edward Bond
The Fool; Saved.
George Orwell, 1903-1950
Collected Essays; 1984.
O'Brian, Edna.
A Fanatic Heart.

Germany.

Hugo von Hofmannsthal
Poems and Verse Plays, tr. by Michael Hamburger and others; Selected Prose, tr. by James Huttinger and Tania and James Stern; Selected Plays and Libretti, tr. by Michael Hamburger and others.
Rilke, Rainer Maria.
Selected Poetry; The Sonnets to Orpheus; The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge all tr. by Stephen Mitchell; New Poems: First Part and Other Part, tr. by Edward Snow.
Hermann Broch
The Sleepwalkers; The Death of Virgil; Hugo von Hofmannsthal and His Time.
Georg Trakl
Selected Poems.
Gottfried Benn
Selected Poems.
Franz Kafka, 1883–1924
Amerika; The Complete Stories; The Blue Octavo Notebook; The Trial; Diaries; The Castle; Parables, Fragments, Aphorisms.
Bertolt Brecht
Poems 1913-1956; The Threepenny Opera, tr. by Desmond Vesey and Eric Bentley; The Good Woman of Setzuan, tr. by Eric Bentley; Galileo, tr. by Charles Laughton; The Caucasian Chalk Circle.
Arthur Schnitzler
Plays; Stories.
Frank Wedekind
Lulu Plays; Spring Awakening, tr. by Edward Bond.
Karl Kraus
The Last Days of Mankind.
Eich, Günter.
Moles.
Thomas Mann
The Magic Mountain; Stories of Three Decades; Joseph and His Brothers; Doctor Faustus; Confessions of Felix Krull, Confidence Man.
Döblin, Alfred.
Berlin Alexanderplatz.
Hermann Hesse
The Glass Bead Game (Magister Ludi); Narcissus and Goldmund.
Robert Musil
Young Törless; The Man Without Qualities.
Joseph Roth
The Radetzky March.
Paul Celan
Poems, tr. by Michael Hamburger.
Thomas Bernhard
Woodcutters.
Böll, Heinrich.
Billiards at Half-Past Nine.
Ingeborg Bachmann
In the Storm of Roses, tr. by Mark Anderson.
Enzensberger, Hans Magnus.
Poems for People Who Don't Read Poems.
Walter Benjamin
Illuminations.
Robert Walser
Selected Stories, tr. by Christopher Middleton et al.
Christa Wolf
Cassandra.
Peter Handke
Slow Homecoming.
Max Frisch
I'm Not Stiller; Man in the Holocene.
Grass, Günter.
The Tin Drum; The Flounder.
Dürrenmatt, Friedrich.
The Visit.
Johannes Bobrowski
Shadow Lands, tr. by Ruth and Matthew Mead.

Russia.

Anna Akhmatova
Poems, tr. by Stanley Kunitz and Max Hayward.
Leonid Andreyev
Selected Tales.
Andrey Bely
Petersburg.
Osip Mandelshtam
Selected Poems, tr. by Clarence Brown and W. S. Merwin.
Velimir Khlebnikov
The King of Time.
Vladimir Mayakovsky
The Bedbug and Selected Poetry, tr. by Max Hayward and George Reavey.
Mikhail Bulgatov
The Master and Margherita.
Mickhail Kuzmin
Alexandrian Songs.
Maksim Gorky, 1868-1936
Reminiscences of Tolstoy, Chekhov, and Andreev; Autobiography.
Ivan Bunin
Selected Stories.
Isaac Babel
Collected Stories.
Boris Pasternak
Doctor Zhivago; Selected Poems, tr. by Jon Stallworthy and Peter France.
Yury Olesha
Envy.
Marina Tsvetayeva
Selected Poems, tr. by Elaine Feinstein.
Mikhail Zoshchenko
Nervous People and Other Satires.
Andrei Platonov
The Foundation Pit.
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich; The Cancer Ward; The Gulag Archipelago; August 1914.
Joseph Brodsky
A Part of Speech: Poems.

Scandinavia.

Isak Dineson
Winter's Tales; Seven Gothic Tales.
Nexo, Martin Anderson.
Pelle the Conqueror.
Knut Hamsun, 1859-1952
Hunger; Pan.
Sigrid Undset
Kristin Lavransdatter.
Ekelöf, Gunnar.
Guide to the Underworld, tr. by Rika Lesser.
Tranströmer, Tomas.
Selected Poems.
Lagerkvist, Pär.
Barrabas.
Lars Gustafsson
Selected Poems.

Serbian/Croatian.

Ivo Andric
The Bridge on the Drina.
Vasko Popa
Selected Poems.
Danilo Kis
A Tomb for Boris Davidovich.

Czech.

Karel Čapek, 1890-1938
War with the Newts; R.U.R.
Vaclav Havel
Largo Desolato.
Milan Kundera
The Unbearable Lightness of Being.
Jaroslav Seifert
Selected Poetry.
Miroslav Holub
The Fly.

Polish.

Bruno Schulz
The Street of Crocodiles; Sanatorium Under the Sign of the Hourglass.
Czeslaw Milosz
Selected Poems.
Witold Gombrowicz
Three Novels.
Stanislaw Lem
The Investigation; Solaris.
Zbigniew Herbert
Selected Poems.
Adam Zagajewski
Tremor.

Hungarian.

Jósef, Attila.
Perched on Nothing's Branch.
Ferenc Juhasz
Selected Poems.
Németh, Laszlo.
Guilt.

Modern Greek.

Cavafy, C.P.
Collected Poems.
George Seferis
Collected Poems.
Nikos Kazantzakis
The Greek Passion; The Odyssey: A Modern Sequel.
Yannis Ritsos
Exile and Return.
Odysseas Elytis
What I Love: Selected Poems.
Angelos Sikelianos
Selected Poems.

Yiddish.

Sholem Aleichem
Tevye the Dairyman; The Railroad Stories, tr. by Hillel Halkin; The Nightingale, tr. by Aliza Shevrin.
Seforim, Mendele Mokher.
The Travels and Adventures of Benjamin the Third.
Peretz, I.L.
Selected Stories.
Jacob Glatstein
Selected Poems.
Halpern, Moshe-Leib.
Selected Poems.
H. Leivick (Leivick Halpern).
Selected Poems.
Singer, Israel Joshua.
The Brothers Ashkenazi; Yoshi Kalb.
Chaim Grade
The Yeshiva.
Ansyky, S.
The Dybbuk.
Mani Leib
Selected Poems.
Sholem Asch
East River.
Singer, Isaac Bashevis.
Collected Stories; In My Father's Court; The Manor, the Estate, the Family Moskrat; Satan in Goray.

Hebrew.

Bialik, Hayyim Nahman.
Shirot Bialik: The Epic Poems.
Agnon, S.Y.
In the Heart of the Seas.
Aharon Appelfed
The Immortal Bartfuss; Badenheim 1939.
Yaakov Shabtai
Past Continuous.
Yehuda Amichai
Selected Poetry, tr. by Stephen Mitchell and Chana Bloch; Travels, tr. by Ruth Nevo.
Yehoshua, A.B.
A Late Divorce.
Amos Oz
A Perfect Peace.
Carmi, T.
At the Stone of Losses, tr. by Grace Schulman.
Nathan Zach
Selected Poems.
Dalia Ravikovitch
A Dress of Fire.
Dan Pagis
Selected Poems.
David Shahar
The Palace of Shattered Vessels.
David Grossman
See Under: Love.
Yoram Kaniuk
His Daughter.

Arabic.

Najib Mahfuz
Midaq Alley; Fountain and Tomb; Miramar.
Adunis.
Selected Poems.
Mahmud Darwish
The Music of Human Flesh.
Taha Husayn
An Egyptian Childhood.

Latin America.

Dário, Rubén.
Selected Poetry.
Borges, Jorge Luis.
The Aleph and Other Stories; Dreamtigers (The Maker); Ficciones; Labyrinths; A Personal Anthology.
Alejo Carpentier
Explosion in a Cathedral; The Lost Steps; Reasons of State; The Kingdom of this World.
Infante, Guillermo Cabrera.
Three Trapped Tigers; View of Dawn in the Tropics.
Severo Sarduy
Maitreya.
Reinaldo Arenas
The Ill-Fated Peregrinations of Fray Servando.
Pablo Neruda
Canto General, tr. by Jack Schmitt; Residence on Earth, tr. by Donald Walsh; Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair, tr. by W. S. Merwin; Fully Empowered, tr. by Alastair Reid; Selected Poems, tr. by Ben Belitt.
Octavio Paz
The Collected Poems; The Labyrinth of Solitude.
Vallejo, César.
Selected Poems, tr. by H. R. Hays; Spain, Take This Cup from Me.
Asturias, Miguel Angel.
Men of Maize.
Lima, José Lezama.
Paradiso.
Donoso, José.
The Obscene Bird of Night.
Cortázar, Julio.
Hopskotch; All Fires the Fire, tr. by Suzanne Jill Levine; Blow-up and Other Stories, tr. by Paul Blackburn.
Gabriel Garcia Márquez.
One Hundred Years of Solitude, tr. by Gregory Rabassa; Love in the Time of Cholera, tr. by Edith Grossman.
Llosa, Mario Vargas.
The War of the End of the World.
Carlos Fuentes
A Change of Skin; Terra Nostra.
Andrade, Carlos Drummond de.
Travelling in the Family, tr. by Elizabeth Bishop, et al.

The West Indies.

James, C.L.R.
The Black Jacobins; The Future in the Present.
Naipaul, V.S.
A Bend in the River; A House for Mister Biswas.
Derek Walcott
Collected Poems.
Wilson Harris
The Guyana Quartet.
Michael Thelwell
The Harder They Come.
Césaire, Aimé.
Collected Poetry.

Africa.

Chinua Achebe
Things Fall Apart.
Wole Soyinka
A Dance of the Forest.
Amos Tutuola
The Palm-Wine Drinkard and His Dead Palm-Wine Tapster in the Dead's Town.
Christopher Okigbo
Labyrinths, with Path of Thunder.
(Bekederemo), John Pepper Clark.
Casualties: Poems.
Armah, Ayi K.
The Beautiful Ones Are Not Yet Born.
Ngugi, Wa Tiong'o.
A Grain of Wheat.
Gabriel Okara
The Fisherman's Invocation.
Nadine Gordimer
Collected Stories.
Coetzee, J.M.
Foe.
Athol Fugard
A Lesson from Aloes.
Senghor, Léopold S.
Selected Poems.

India (in English).

Narayan, R.K.
The Guide.
Salman Rushdie
Midnight's Children.
Jhabvala, Ruth Prawer.
Heat and Dust.

Canada.

Malcolm Lowry
Under the Volcano.
Robertson Davies
The Deptford Trilogy; The Rebel Angels.
Alice Munro
Something I've Been Meaning to Tell You.
Northrop Frye
Fables of Identity.
Hébert, Anne.
Selected Poems.
Jac Macpherson
Poems Twice Told.
Margaret Atwood
Surfacing.
Daryl Hine
Selected Poems.

Australia and New Zealand.

Miles Franklin, 1879-1954
My Brilliant Career.
Katherine Mansfield, 1888-1923
The Short Stories.
Hope, A.D.
Collected Poems.
Patrick White
Riders in the Chariot; A Fringe of Leaves; Voss.
Christina Stead
The Man Who Loved Children.
Judith Wright
Selected Poems.
Les A. Murray
The Rabbiter's Bounty; Collected Poems.
Thomas Kennealy
The Playmaker; Schindler's List.
David Malouf
An Imaginary Life.
Kevin Hart
Peniel and Other Poems.
Peter Carey
Oscar and Lucinda; Illywhacker.

The United States.

Robinson, Edwin Arlington.
Selected Poems.
Robert Frost
The Poetry.
Edith Wharton, 1862–1937
Collected Short Stories; The Age of Innocence; Ethan Frome; The House of Mirth; The Custom of the Country.
Willa Cather, 1873-1947
My Antonia; The Professor's House; A Lost Lady.
Gertrude Stein, 1874–1946
Three Lives; The Geographical History of America; The Making of Americans; Tender Buttons.
Wallace Stevens
Collected Poems; The Necessary Angel; Opus Posthumous; The Palm at the End of the Mind.
Vachel Lindsay
Collected Poems.
Masters, Edgar Lee.
Spoon River Anthology.
Theodore Dreiser, 1871-1945
Sister Carrie; An American Tragedy.
Sherwood Anderson
Winesberg, Ohio; Death in the Woods and Other Stories.
Sinclair Lewis, 1885-1951
Babbitt; It Can't Happen Here.
Elinor Wylie
Last Poems.
Williams, William Carlos.
Spring and All; Paterson; Collected Poems.
Ezra Pound
Personae: Collected Poems; The Cantos; Literary Essays.
Robinson Jeffers
Selected Poems.
Marianne Moore
Complete Poems.
H.D. (Hilda Doolittle).
Selected Poems.
Ransom, John Crowe.
Selected Poems.
Eliot, T.S.
The Complete Poems and Plays; Selected Essays.
Porter, Katherine Anne.
Collected Stories.
Jean Toomer
Cane.
Passos, John Dos.
U.S.A.
Conrad Aiken
Collected Poems.
Eugene O'Neill, 1888-1953
Lazarus Laughed; The Iceman Cometh; Long Day's Journey into Night.
cummings, e.e.
Complete Poems.
Wheelwright, John B.
Collected Poems.
Robert Fitzgerald
Spring Shade: Poems.
Louise Bogan
The Blue Estuaries: Selected Poems.
Léonie Adams,
Poems: A Selection.
Hart Crane
Complete Poems; Selected Letters and Prose.
Allen Tate
Collected Poems.
Fitzgerald, F. Scott, 1896-1940
Babylon Revisited and Other Stories; The Great Gatsby; Tender is the Night.
William Faulkner
As I Lay Dying; Sanctuary; Light in August; Absalom, Absalom!; The Sound and the Fury; The Wild Palms; The Collected Stories; The Hamlet.
Ernest Hemingway
Complete Short Stories; A Farewell to Arms; The Sun Also Rises; The Garden of Eden.
John Steinbeck
The Grapes of Wrath.
Zora Neale Hurston,
Their Eyes Were Watching God.
Nathanael West, 1903-1940
Miss Lonelyhearts; A Cool Million; The Day of the Locust.
Richard Wright
Native Son; Black Boy.
Eudora Welty
Collected Stories; Delta Wedding; The Robber Bridegroom; The Ponder Heart.
Langston Hughes
Selected Poems; The Big Sea; I Wonder as I Wander.
Edmund Wilson
The Shores of Light; Patriotic Gore.
Kenneth Burke
Counter-statement; A Rhetoric of Motives.
Joseph Mitchell
Up in the Old Hotel.
Abraham Cahan
The Rise of David Levinsky.
Kay Boyle
Three Short Stories.
Ellen Glasgow
Barren Ground.
Marquand, John P.
H. M. Pulham, Esquire.
O'Hara, John.
Collected Stories; Appointment in Samarra.
Henry Roth
Call It Sleep.
Thornton Wilder
Three Plays.
Warren, Robert Penn.
All the King's Men; World Enough and Time; Selected Poems.
Delmore Schwartz
Summer Knowledge: Selected Poems.
Weldon Kees
Collected Poems.
Elizabeth Bishop
The Complete Poems.
John Berryman
Collected Poems.
Paul Bowles
The Sheltering Sky.
Randall Jarrell
Complete Poems.
Charles Olson
The Maximus Poems; Collected Poems.
Robert Hayden
Collected Poems.
Robert Lowell
Collected Poems.
Theodore Roethke
Collected Poems; Straw for the Fire.
James Agee
Permit Me Voyage; Let Us Now Praise Famous Men (with Walker Evans).
Jean Garrigue
Selected Poems.
May Swenson
New & Selected Things Taking Place; In Other Words.
Robert Duncan
Bending the Bow.
Richard Wilbur
New and Collected Poems.
Richard Eberhart
Collected Poems.
Tolson, M.B.
Harlem Gallery.
Kenneth Koch
Seasons on Earth.
O'Hara, Frank.
Selected Poems.
James Schuyler
Collected Poems.
James Baldwin
The Price of the Ticket.
Saul Bellow
Seize the Day; The Adventures of Augie March; Herzog.
John Cheever
The Stories; Bullet Park.
Ralph Ellison
Invisible Man.
Truman Capote
In Cold Blood.
McCullers, Carson.
The Ballad of the Sad Café; The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter.
O'Connor, Flanner.
Complete Stories; The Violent Bear It Away; Wise Blood.
Vladimir Nabokov
Lolita; Pale Fire.
Gore Vidal
Myra Brechinridge; Lincoln.
William Styron
The Long March.
Salinger, J.D.
The Catcher in the Rye; Nine Stories.
Wright Morris
Ceremony in Lone Tree.
Bernard Malamud
The Stories; The Fixer.
Norman Mailer
Advertisements for Myself; The Executioner's Song; Ancient Evenings.
John Hawkes
The Cannibal; Second Skin.
William Gaddis
The Recognitions.
Tennessee Williams
A Glass Menagerie; A Streetcar Named Desire; Summer and Smoke.
Arthur Miller
Death of a Salesman.
Mayer, Edwin Justus.
Children of Darkness.
Harold Brodkey
Stories in an Almost Classical Mode.
Ursula K. Le Guin
The Left Hand of Darkness.
Raymond Carver
Where I'm Calling From.
Robert Coover
Spanking the Maid.
Don DeLillo
White Noise; Libra; Running Dog; Mao II.
John Crowley
Little, Big; Aegypt; Love and Sleep.
Guy Davenport
Tatlin!
James Dickey
The Early Motion; The Central Motion.
E.L. Doctorow
The Book of Daniel; World's Fair.
Stanley Elkin
The Living End.
William Gass
In the Heart of the Country; Omensetter's Luck.
Russell Hoban
Riddley Walker.
Denis Johnson
Angels; Fiskadoro; Jesus' Son.
Cormac McCarthy
Blood Meridian; Suttree; Child of God.
William Kennedy
Ironweed; The Albany Cycle.
Toni Morrison
Song of Soloman.
Gloria Naylor
The Women of Brewster Place.
Joyce Carol Oates
Them.
Walker Percy
The Moviegoer.
Grace Paley
The Little Disturbances of Man.
Thomas Pynchon
V.; The Crying of Lot 49; Gravity's Rainbow.
Cynthia Ozick
Envy, or Yiddish in America; The Messiah of Stockholm.
Ishmael Reed
Mumbo Jumbo.
Philip Roth
Portnoy's Complaint; My Life as a Man; Zuckerman Bound: A Trilogy and Epilogue; The Counterlife; Patrimony; Operation Shylock.
James Salter
Solo Faces; Light Years.
Robert Stone
Dog Soldiers; A Flag for Sunrise.
John Barth
The Floating Opera; The End of the Road; The Sot-Weed Factor.
Walter Abish
Alphabetical Africa; How German Is It; Eclipse Fever; I am the Dust Under Your Feet.
Donald Barthelme
Forty Stories; The Dead Father.
Thomas M. Disch
On Wings of Song.
Paul Theroux
The Mosquito Coast.
John Updike
The Witches of Eastwick.
Kurt Vonnegut
Cat's Cradle.
Edmund White
Forgetting Elena; Nocturnes for the King of Naples.
James McCourt
Time Remaining.
James Wilcox
Modern Baptists.
A.R. Ammons
Collected Poems; Selected Longer Poems; Collected Poems; Sphere: The Form of a Motion.
John Ashbery
The Double Dream of Spring; Houseboat Days; Selected Poems; Flow Chart; Hotel Lautréamont; And the Stars Were Shining.
David Mamet
American Buffalo; Speed-the-Plow.
David Rabe
Streamers.
Sam Shepard
Seven Plays.
August Wilson
Fences; Joe Turner's Come and Gone.
Anthony Hecht
Collected Earlier Poems.
Edgar Bowers
Living Together: New and Selected Poems.
Donald Justice
Selected Poems.
James Merrill
From the First Nine.
W.S. Merwin
The Changing Light at Sandover.
James Wright
Above the River: The Complete Poems.
Galway Kinnell
Selected Poems.
Philip Levine
Selected Poems.
Irving Feldman
New and Selected Poems.
Donald Hall
The One Day; Old and New Poems.
Alvin Feinman
Poems.
Richard Howard
Untitled Subjects; Findings.
John Hollander
Reflections on Espionage; Selected Poetry; Tesserae.
Gary Snyder
No Nature: New and Selected Poems.
Charles Simic
Selected Poems.
Mark Strand
Selected Poems; The Continuous Life; Dark Harbor.
Charles Wright
The World of the Ten Thousand Things.
Jay Wright
Dimensions of History; The Double Invention of Komo; Selected Poems; Elaine's Book; Boleros.
Amy Clampitt
Westward.
Allen Grossman
The Ether Dome and Other Poems: New and Selected.
Howard Moss
New Selected Poems.
James Applewhite
River Writing: An Eno Journal.
McClatchy, J.D.
The Rest of the Way.
Alfred Cord
A Call in the Midst of the Crowd.
Douglas Crase
The Revisionist.
Rita Dove
Selected Poems.
Thylias Moss
Small Congregations: New and Selected Poems.
Edward Hirsch
Earthly Measures.
Tony Kushner
Angels in America.

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