Custom and Myth, by Andrew Lang

Index.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

Accadia, 62, 137, 151, 154

Achbor, 115

Acosta, 19

Adityas, 135

Æetes, 95

Ælian, 109

Æschines, 39

Africa, 149

— customs of women in, 72

— divining rod in, 184-186

Aleutians, 74

Amazon, Indians of, 131

Ancestor worship among Hottentots and elsewhere, 197-211

Ancestors in stars, 129, 130

Animal bride, 76

— deities, 103-120

— worship, 118

Animals —
bear in religion, 176
descent claimed from, 104, 128
in stars, 121-142
sacred, 103-120
sun regarded as a beast, 133

Apollo and the mouse, 103-120

Apollodorus, 49

Apollonius Rhodius, 95

Apsaras, 65

Apsyrtos, 95

Apuleius, 64, 75

Arcadians, 128

Ares, 126

Argives, 110

Aristophanes, 133

Arktos, 141

Arnobius, 39

Art, early Greek, 303

— gods in, 118

Art of Ojibways, 293

— of savages, 276-304

— Palæolithic, 297

Artemis Orthia, 33

Aryan myths parallel with savage, 83, 96, 97, 103-120, 141

— nuptial etiquette, 76

— race, 117

Aryans and savages, 134-135

— sensitive to ‘loud’ colours, 69

Ashanti, 24

Assyria, army of, destroyed, 112

Assyrian etymologies, 28

Astley, 72

Âtharva Veda, 216, 217

Athens, owl of, 110

Aurelii, 104

Australia, 72

— arts of, 283

— divination in, 170

— Herbert Spencer on, 125

— moon myth, 54

— native stratagem, 41

— religion of, 231

— swallowing myth, 54

Aymar, Jacques, 191-195

Baal, 62

— Hamon, 61

Ballad of ‘Bonny Hind,’ 175

Ballads, 156-179

Barbadoes, 20

Bear among stars, 121

— Callisto changed into, 128

— in Finnish and other religions, 176

— Max Müller, Mr., on Great, 139

— Totem of Iroquois, 110

— tribes, 128

Beaver, myth of, 79-81

Bergaigne, 241

Bernier (Abbé), 197

Berosos, 60

Bheki, 77-80

Bible, 183

Bleek, 54, 131

Bongoes, 150

Boyd, Dawkins, 299

Brahmana Aitareya, 134

— Satapatha, 134

Brahmanas, 69

Brazil, mysteries in, 43

Brown, Mr. Robert, 60

— on Moly, 151-153

— on star myths, 137

Buddhist story, 132

Bull-roarer, 29-44

Bushmen, 41, 53, 147

— art of, 295

— their star myths, 122, 124, 131

— swallowing myth of, 53

Callaway, 84

Callisto, 132

Campbell, J. F., 93

Cannibals, 88

Cappadocia, 152

Castor and Pollux, in Australia, 128

Castren, 78

Catlin, 40

Cat, recognised as the moon, 117

Celts, art of, 289

Chanson de Geste, 161

Cheparas, 34

Chevreuil on divining rod, 188

China, planchette in, 187

Circe, 147, 154

Clemens of Alexandria, 39

Coins, 110

Combs in Myths, 92, 98

‘Comparative Mythology,’ 58

Congo, mysteries on, 40

Costigan, Captain, 41

Crests, 109, 110

Cronus, myth of, 45-63

— sickle of, 61

Crow, 126

Culture-Hero, 55

‘Cupid and Psyche,’ 64-86

Curtius, 3

Cushing, 37

Customs, savage Greek of expiation, 96

Customs of women, 71, 73

— of savages, 72

— among Yorubas, 73

— in Australia, 72

— Aleutian, 74

— Bulgarian, 73

— Breton, 75

— Carib, 73

— Carian, 74

— Circassian, 73

— Futa, 72

— Fijian, 73, 74

— Iroquois, 73

— Kaffir, 74

— Milesian, 74

— in Naz, 75

— Spartan, 73

— Timbuctoo, 72

— Welsh, 74

— Zulu, 74

Dacotah, 117

Dalton, 81

Dancing, Lucian on, 41

Dawn, 203, 210

— myth, 56

— Urvasi recognised as, 68

Dead, the home of the, 171

— worship of, 197-211, 239

De Brosses, 214-216, 224, 227

De Cara, 3

De Gubernatis, 117, 148

Delphi, fetich-stone of, 52

Deluge myth, 34

Demeter, 19

— and the ram, 6

Demosthenes, 39, 40

Devas, 234

‘Dionysiak Myth,’ 60

Divination in Australia, 170

Divining rod, 180-196

Dog-star, 154

Dozon, 73

Dumuzi, 137

Edomites, 115

Egypt, 27, 113

— cats sacred in, 113

— mouse myth in, 111

— rats sacred in, 113

Emerald, worship of, 105

Eos, 69

Epic, Greek, its origin, 161

— of Finns, 156-179

Eratosthenes, 125

Eskimo, 130

— art of, 285

— moon myths, 132

Euhemerism, 199

Euhemeros, 197, 198

Eustathius, 103

Euthyphro, 46, 47

Exogamy, 24, 102, 245-275

— in Finland, 164

Ezekiel, 115

Fairy-bride, 82

Family, the history of, 245-275

— gods, 119

Farrer, 82

Fauriel, 178

Fetich-stone of Delphi, 52

Fetich-stones, 224

Fetichism, 212-242

Finns, poetry of, 156-179

Folklore, 6

— method of, 10-28

— of plants, 143-155

Food of dead men, 171

— tabooed, 115, 119

Frog, myths of, 77, 80

Frog, descent claimed from, 104

Futa, 72

Gallinomeros, 133

Gandharvas, 66, 67

Gaunab, 205-211

Garcilasso de la Vega, 103-107

Gens (seeFamily’)

Γένος (seeFamily’)

‘Gentile system,’ 236

Gervase (of Tilbury), 76

Ghosts, 143, 233

— (ancestral), 199

Giant, 90-92

Giordano Bruno, 139

Glacial age, 298

Gods, family, 119

— horned, 60

— in art, 118

— in bestial form, 134

— in Samoa, 119

— lame, 206

— of Greece, 27

— of Hottentots, 197-211

— Vedic, 234

— Vedic and Brahmanic, 27

Greece, fetich-stones in, 224

Greeks, their star myths, 136

Grimm, 56, 147

Grohmann, 116, 117

Guiana swallowing myth, 55

Hades, 65

Hahn, 149, 202-211

Halévy, 155

Hamelin, Piper of, 114

Hare and moon, 132

— in Zulu myths, 168

Harpocration, 40

Hartung, 61

Harvest home, superstitions of, 18

Heaven and earth, 45

—  — Indian myth of, 50

Heitsi Eibib, 209

Hephæstus, 111, 112

Herodotus, 41, 111

Hesiod, 53, 94, 128

Hittites, 153

Homer, 69, 103, 122

Horned gods, 60

Horus, 113

Hottentots, 197-211

— Herb-lore of, 143-155

Howitt and Fison, 34

Huacas, 105

Human sacrifice, 61

Ice, Age of, 298

Il, 60

Iliad, 103

Inca, 103

Indra, 134

— a ‘shape-shifter,’ 126

Infinite, the, 206

Initiation (seeMysteries’)

Ioxidæ, 119

Iron, a tabooed metal, 64

— the birth of, 169

— in Vedic India, 217

Iroquois, 36, 110

Isaiah, 115

Isis, 130

Israel, Totems of, 115

Jacob, Verge de, 187

Japanese, 93

Jason, 5

— the myth of, 87-102

— the Red Indian parallel, 99

— Samoan parallel, 97

Job Ben Solomon never saw his wife, 72

Jonah, 55

Jurupari pipes, 43

Kaffir swallowing myth, 54

Kaffirs, 38, 218

Kalevala, 100, 156-179

Kamilaroi, 34

Karnos, Karnu, Keren, 60

Kathasarit sagara, 92

Kohl, 80

Κῶνος, 39

Krāna, 59

Krishna, 170

Κρονίδης, 57, 58

Κρονίων, 57

Κρόνος, 57, 61

Kuhn, 59, 68, 69

— differs from Mr. Max Müller on etymology of Urvasi and Pururavas, 70

— sees fire myths everywhere, 70

Kurnai, 34

Kwai Hemm, 53

Lafitau, 36, 73

Language and thought, 211

— childhood of, 218

Liebrecht, 70, 71, 112

Lightning, 117

Loftie, Mr., 113

Long on ‘Totamism,’ 105

Lönnrot, 160

Lucian, 41

Lyons, murder at, 191

M‘Lennan, Mr., on the family, 245-275

Magic, 146

— Algonquin, 99

— in Vedas, 241

— note of lower culture, 78

Maine, Sir Henry, on the family, 245-275

Maize, superstition about, 20

Malagasy Märchen, 93

Malebranche, 190

Mandragora, 143-155

Mandrake, 144-152

Manabozho, 293

Mantis insect, 53, 208

Maoris, art of, 286

— myths of, 45-50

Märchen —
Algonquin, 82
Bornoese, 82
Dutch, 76
features of, 157, 158, 163
of Nicht Nought Nothing, 89
of Swan Maidens, 82
Russian, 93, 171
Scotch, 89
South African, 171
West Highland, 93

Marriage, early, 245-275

— law of exogamy in, 24, 102

— in connection with Totemism, 106-107

Master of Life, 105

Medea recognised as Moon, 96

— as Lightning, 96

Melanesia, 55, 146

Melanesian myths, 56

Mélusine, 117

— myth of, 76

Merman, forsaken, 76

Mexico, 16

Meyer, 66

Milky Way, 122

Mimnermus, 95

Moloch, 62

Moluna, Christoval de, 105

Moly, 143-155

Mongols, divining rod among, 184

Moon and hare, 132

— Australian myth of, 54

— man in, 132

— Medea thought to be, 96

— myths, 132

‘Moon-cat,’ 117

Mouse and Apollo, 103-120

‘Mouse of Night,’ 117

Mouse tribe, 114

Mouse-Apollo, 103-120

Muir, 50

Müller, Mr. Max, 57, 66, 67

— on childhood of language, 74, 218

— on etymology of Urvasi, 68, 69

— on fetichism, 212-242

— on Great Bear, 139, 140

— on Hottentot myths, 197-211

— on Hyperion, 132

— on myth of sun-frog, 77, 78

— on Ote, 105

— on spelling of Totem, 105

— version of Vedic hymn, 83

Müller, C. O., 128

Murri, 127

Mysteries, 29-44

— Dionysiac, 39

— in Brazil, 43

— of Bushman, 42

Myths, Accadian, 137

— Algonquin, 99

— Australian, 130

— Brazilian, 131

— Bushman, 131

— Chinese, of mice, 112

— diffusion of, 23, 24

— Egyptian, of mice, 112;
of stars, 130

— Eskimo, 130, 132

— Finnish, 101

— Indian, of serpent, 81

— Japanese, 93

— names of taboo on, 82

— of animal bride, 76-80

— of beaver (Ojibway), 79

— of Cronus, 45-63

— of Finland, 156-179

— of Hottentots, 197-211

— of Jason, 87-102

— of Melanesia, 56

— of Mélusine, 76

— of mice, 103-120

— of night, 55

— of plants, 143-155

— of ‘sun frog,’ 77-80

— of swallowing, 53, 54

— of tabooed names, 82

— of wind, 55

— Peruvian, 129

— Samoan, 97

— Samoyed, 88

— solar, 131-133

— star, 121-142

— Zulu, 84, 85, 88, 93

Mythology —
a ‘disease of language,’ 1
philological method of, 201-211
systems of interpretation of, 1-9
views of Grohmann, 117
— of Gubernatis, 117

Naga (or serpent) race, 81

Names as germs of myths, 1

— arguments against, 2, 3

— of husbands not to be uttered by wives, 74

Naz, a fabulous country, 75

New Caledonia, 230

New Mexico, 31

New Zealand, 35, 143

Nicht Nought Nothing, 89

Night myth, 55

Oceanus, 48

Odin, 27

Odysseus, 20

‘Odyssey,’ 144, 147

Œdipous, 5

Ojibways, art of, 293

— myths, 79

Orion, 121

Osiris, barrows of, 205

Osiris, 130

Ovahereroes, 20

Owl of Athens, 110

— sacred in Samoa, 119

Pacarissa, Peruvian word for Totem, 104

Pachacamac, 105

Palæolithic man, his art, 299

Pausanias, 33, 52, 223

Pauthier, 50

Paoli, 110

Papa, 45, 46

Peau d’Ane, 64

Persephone, 19, 65, 171

Perseus, 5

Peru, art in, 288

— religion of, 103-107

Pezazi, 15

Philistines, 115, 116

Philology, method of, in mythology, 97, 201

Phocians, 41

Picture-writing, 292

Pindar, 95

Piper, the Pied, 114

Planchette, in China, 187

Plants, folklore of, 143-155

Pleiades, 23, 121

— in Australia, 126

Popular element in myth and religion, 178, 179

— tales (seeMärchen’)

Poseidon, 126

— swallowing of, 51

Pottery, common features of early, 22

— early, 289

Pragapati, 59, 134, 211

Preller, 61, 96

Psyche, 171

Puang-ku, 50

Pundjel, 73, 130

— Australian god, 35

Pururavas, 65-67, 76

— etymology of, disputed, 68, 69, 71

Qat, 55

Qing, 42

Ra, 113

— rat of, 115

Rainbow, 117

Ram, in stars, 129

— Zeus and the, 6

Rat, sacred in Egypt, 113

Red Indians, 21, 152

— swallowing myth, 55

Religion, Aryan, 212-242

— Greek and Egyptian, 118

— origins of, 212-242

Rhodes, 61

Ῥόμβος, 39

Rhys, 82

Riddles, 14

Rikshas, 140

Ritual, 113

Robertson Smith on Totems, 115

Rome, sun worship in, 104

Roth differs from Müller and Kuhn as to etymology of Urvasi, 70

Rowan, 154

Rudra, mouse sacred to, 116

Rue, 152

Sacrifice, human, 61

Sahagun, 16

St. Gertrude, 119

Samoa, 33

— animal worship in, 119

Samoans, 152

Samoyeds, myths of, 88

Sampo, 169

Sanskrit, 77, 140

Saturn, 61

Savage ideas in Greece, 119

Savages, 72

— and Aryans, 135

— art of, 276-304

— fancy of, creates myths, passim

— their astronomy, 138

— their customs in regard to marriage etiquette, 73, 74

Sayce, Prof., 62, 141, 151

— on myth of mice, 112

— on Totemism in Egypt, 118

Scandinavia, gods of, 27

Scarabs, 113

Schliemann, 288

Schrader, 4

Schwartz, 61, 96

— sees storm myths everywhere, 71

Seb, 60

Semitic peoples, Totemism of, 115

— sacrifice, 61

Sennacherib, 112

Serpent, 117

— myth of, 81

— dance, 21

Servius, 37

Sethos, 111, 112

Shaman, 136

Siati, the Samoan Jason, 97

Sickle of Cronus, 61

Σμίνθιος, Σμινθεύς, 103-120

Σμίνθος, 108

Snakes as ancestors, 227

Sneezing, superstition of, 14

Sparta, 33

Spencer, Herbert, 125, 199

Spiritualism, 36

Socrates, 46

Solar myth (seeSun’)

Sophocles, 61

Sorcerers, 130

Star myths, 121-142

Stone Age, implements of, 12

— fetich, 224

— knives of, 226

— weapons, 125

Strabo, 108-113

Sun adored by Incas and Aurelii, 104

— as a beast, 133

— frog, 64-86

— god (Ra as), 113

— Medea and Jason explained as sun myth, 87-102

— myth in New Zealand, 133

— America, 133

— myth of, 131-133

— myths of frog explained as sun myth, 77

— Ra and Rudra as, 113-116

— worshipped in Peru and Rome, 104

Svastika, 288, 289

Swallowing myths, Indian, Basuto, Jewish, Zulu, Eskimo, 55

— of Australians, 54

— of Bushmen, 53

— of Kaffirs, 54

Swan, Zeus as a, 126

Tabooed meats in Israel, 115

Taboo, 85

— on food of dead, 171

— on iron, 64

Taboos, 73, 75

— on food, 113, 119

Tale, far-travelled, 87-102

‘Tales of West Highlands,’ 93

Tales, Popular (seeMärchen’)

Taylor, Mr. Isaac, 62, 81

Temples, Egyptian, 112

— Greek, 111

— Peruvian, 105

Thamyris, 97

Theal, 38

Theocritus, 29

— on Adonis’ feast, 105

Thunder-bird, 117

Tiele, 3, 62

Toots, Mr., quoted, 65

Tortures inflicted on boys, 33

Totam, spelling of Totem in 1792, 105

Totem, or Ote, or Otem, 105

— in Egypt, 118

— in Greece (?), 109, 110

— in Israel, 115

— in Peru, 105

Totemism, 227, 278, 279

— explained, 106, 107, 245-275

— in Egypt, 107

— in Greece, 107

— in relation to the family, 245-275

— of Semitic people, 115

Totem not to be eaten, 113

Troad, mice myths connected with, 103-120

Tsui Goam, 149, 197-211

Tumatuenga, 45 et seq.

Tuoni, Hades of Finns, 171

Turndun (seeBull-roarer’)

Turner, his ‘Samoa,’ 119

Turtle, Totems of Iroquois, 110

Tutenganahau, 45

Tylor, 38, 50, 127

— on star myths, 142

Uranus, 48, 61

Urvasi, 65, 66, 67, 77

— etymology of, disputed, 68-71, 72

Vannus Iacchi, 36, 37

Veda, gods of, 212-242

— Rig, 65, 66

Vedas, 213, 216, 217, 234, 241

Vishnu Purana, 67

Volkslieder, 157, 159

Wäinämöinen (seeKalevala’)

Wäinämöinen, 100

Wallace, Alfred, 43, 44

Water tabooed to frog and beaver brides, 77-80

Welsh, 74

— fairy, 82

‘West Highlands, Tales of,’ 93

Wind, charms to raise, 35

— god of New Zealand, 45

— myth, 55

Wives not to be seen, 72, 73

— not to use husband’s name, 74

Wolf and Kid, story of, 54

— Totem of Iroquois, 110

Women, customs of, 71-75

Yorubas, 73

Zend Avesta, 117

Zeus, 6, 47

— and the ram, 6

— as a beast, 134

— as medicine man, 200

— loves one of Pleiades, 126

— shares accomplishments of savage medicine men, 83

— swallowing myth of, 53

Zoolatry, 226

Zulu, myth of, 84

Zulus, 117

Zuni, 37

Page 36 has a reference to 'physical researchers' in relation to spiritualism. This may be an error for 'psychical researchers', but as it is impossible to be certain, it is preserved as printed.

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