Rudyard Kipling, 1865-1936

Biographical note

Joseph Rudyard Kipling (30 December 1865 – 18 January 1936) was an English author and poet. Born in Bombay, British India (now Mumbai), he is best known for his works of fiction The Jungle Book [1894] (a collection of stories which includes Rikki-Tikki-Tavi), Kim [1901] (a tale of adventure), many short stories, including The Man Who Would Be King [1888]; and his poems, including Mandalay [1890], Gunga Din [1890], and If— [1910]. He is regarded as a major "innovator in the art of the short story"; his children's books are enduring classics of children's literature; and his best works speak to a versatile and luminous narrative gift.

Kipling was one of the most popular writers in English, in both prose and verse, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The author Henry James said of him: "Kipling strikes me personally as the most complete man of genius (as distinct from fine intelligence) that I have ever known." In 1907, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, making him the first English language writer to receive the prize, and to date he remains its youngest recipient. Among other honours, he was sounded out for the British Poet Laureateship and on several occasions for a knighthood, all of which he declined.

Later in life Kipling came to be recognized (by George Orwell, at least) as a "prophet of British imperialism." Many saw prejudice and militarism in his works, and the resulting controversy about him continued for much of the 20th century. According to critic Douglas Kerr: "He is still an author who can inspire passionate disagreement and his place in literary and cultural history is far from settled. But as the age of the European empires recedes, he is recognized as an incomparable, if controversial, interpreter of how empire was experienced. That, and an increasing recognition of his extraordinary narrative gifts, make him a force to be reckoned with."

See also ...

Works

Novels

Short Stories

  • Plain Tales from the Hills [1888]
    Lispeth — Three and - an extra — Thrown away — Miss Youghal's sais — Yoked with an unbeliever — False dawn — The rescue of Pluffles — Cupid's arrows — His chance in life — Watches of the night — The other man — Consequences — The conversionof Aurelian McGoggin — A germ destroyer — Kidnapped — The arrest of Liutenanat Golightly — The house of Suddhoo — His wedded wife — The broken link handicapped — Beyond the pale — In error — A bank fraud — Tod's amendment — In the pride of his youth — Pig — The rout of the White Hussars — The Bronckhorst divorce-case — Venus Annodomini — The Bisara of poorer — The gate of a hundred sorrows — The story of Muhammid Din — On the strength of a likeness — Wressley of the Foreign Office — By word of mouth — To be held for reference.
  • Wee Willie Winkie ; and other child stories [1888]
    Wee Willie Winkie -- Baa Baa, Black Sheep -- His Majesty the King -- The Drums of the Fore and Aft
  • Soldiers Three, and other stories [1899]
    • Soldiers Three [1888]
      The God From the Machine — Of Those Called — Private Learoyd’s Story — The Big Drunk Draf’ — The Wreck of the Visigoth — The Solid Muldoon — With the Main Guard — In the Matter of a Private — Black Jack
    • The Story of the Gadsbys [1888]
      Poor Dear Mamma — The World Without — The Tents of Kedar — With Any Amazement — The Garden of Eden — Fatima — The Valley of the Shadow — The Swelling of Jordan
    • In Black and White [1888]
      Dray Wara Yow Dee — The Judgment of Dungara — At Howli Thana — Gemini — At Twenty-Two — In Flood Time — The Sending of Dana Da — On the City Wall
  • Under the Deodars [1888]
    The Education of Otis Yeere — At the Pit’s Mouth — A Wayside Comedy — The Hill of Illusion — A Second-Rate Woman — Only a Subaltern — In the Matter of a Private — The Enlightenments of Pagett, M.P.
  • The Phantom Rickshaw and other tales [1888]
    The Phantom Rickshaw — My Own True Ghost Story — The Strange Ride of Morrowbie Jukes — The Man Who Would Be King — “The Finest Story in the World”
  • Life's Handicap [1891]
    The Lang Men O’ Larut — Reingelder and the German Flag — The Wandering Jew — Through the Fire — The Finances of the Gods — The Amir’s Homily — Jews in Shushan — The Limitations of Pambe Serang — Little Tobrah — Bubbling Well Road — The City of Dreadful Night — Georgie Porgie — Naboth — The Dream of Duncan Parrenness — The Incarnation of Krishna Mulvaney — The Courting of Dinah Shadd — On Greenhow Hill — The Man Who Was — The Head of the District — Without Benefit of Clergy — At the End of the Passage — The Mutiny of the Mavericks — The Mark of the Beast — The Return of Imray — Namgay Doola — Burtran and Bimi — Moti Guj—Mutineer
  • Many Inventions [1893]
    To the True Romance -- The Disturber of Traffic -- A Conference of the Powers -- My Lord the Elephant -- One View of the Question -- ‘The Finest Story in the World’ -- His Private Honour -- A Matter of Fact -- The Lost Legion -- In the Rukh -- ‘Brugglesmith’ -- ‘Love-O’-Women’ -- The Record of Badalia Herodsfoot -- Judson and the Empire -- The Children of the Zodiac -- Anchor Song
  • The Day's Work [1898]
    The Bridge-Builders -- A Walking Delegate -- The Ship That Found Herself -- The Tomb of His Ancestors -- The Devil and the Deep Sea -- William the Conqueror - Part I -- William the Conqueror - Part II -- ·007 -- The Maltese Cat -- ‘Bread upon the Waters’ -- An Error in the Fourth Dimension -- My Sunday at Home -- The Brushwood Boy
  • Stalky & Co. [1899]
    "In Ambush" — "Slaves of the Lamp, Part I" — "An Unsavoury Interlude" — "The Impressionists" — "The Moral Reformers" — "A Little Prep." — "The Flag of their Country" — "The Last Term" — "Slaves of the Lamp, Part II"
  • Traffics and Discoveries [1904]
    The Captive — The Bonds of Discipline — A Sahibs’ War — “Their Lawful Occasions” — The Comprehension of Private Copper — Steam Tactics — “Wireless” — The Army of a Dream — “They” — Mrs. Bathurst — Below the Mill Dam
  • Actions and Reactions [1909]
    An habitation enforced — The recall — Garm, a hostage — The power of the dog — The mother hive — The bees and the flies — With the night mail — The four angels — A deal in cotton — The new knighthood — The puzzler — The puzzler [poem] — Little foxes — Gallio's song — The house surgeon — The rabbi's song.
  • A Diversity of Creatures [1917]
    As Easy as A.B.C. -- MacDonough’s Song -- Friendly Brook -- The Land -- In the Same Boat -- ‘Helen all Alone’ -- The Honours of War -- The Children -- The Dog Hervey -- The Comforters -- The Village that Voted the Earth was Flat -- The Press -- In The Presence -- Jobson’s Amen -- Regulus -- A Translation -- The Edge of the Evening -- Rebirth -- The Horse Marines -- The Legend of Mirth -- ‘My Son’s Wife’ -- The Floods -- The Fabulists -- The Vortex -- The Song of Seven Cities -- ‘Swept and Garnished’ -- Mary Postgate -- The Beginnings
  • The Eyes of Asia [1918]
  • Land and Sea Tales for Scouts and Guides [1923]
  • Debits and Credits [1926]
    The Enemies to Each Other -- The Changelings -- Sea Constables -- The Vineyard -- ‘Banquet Night’ -- ‘In the Interests of the Brethren’ -- To the Companions -- The United Idolaters -- The Centaurs -- ‘Late Came the God’ -- The Wish House -- Rahere -- The Survival -- The Janeites -- Jane’s Marriage -- The Portent -- The Prophet and the Country -- Gow’s Watch -- The Bull that Thought -- Alnaschar and the Oxen -- Gipsy Vans -- A Madonna of the Trenches -- Gow’s Watch -- The Birthright -- The Propagation of Knowledge -- A Legend of Truth -- A Friend of the Family -- We and They -- On the Gate -- The Supports -- Untimely -- The Eye of Allah -- The Last Ode -- The Gardener -- The Burden
  • Thy Servant a Dog [1930]
  • Limits and Renewals [1932]
    Dayspring Mishandled -- Gertrude’s Prayer -- Dinah in Heaven -- The Woman in His Life -- Four–Feet -- The Totem -- The Tie -- The Church that was at Antioch -- The Disciple -- The Playmate -- Aunt Ellen -- Naaman’s Song -- The Mother’s Son -- Fairy–Kist -- The Coiner -- A Naval Mutiny -- The Debt -- Akbar’s Bridge -- The Manner of Men -- At His Execution -- Unprofessional -- The Threshold -- Neighbours -- Beauty Spots -- The Expert -- The Curé -- The Miracle of Saint Jubanus -- Song of Seventy Horses -- Hymn to Physical Pain -- The Tender Achilles -- The Penalty -- Uncovenanted Mercies -- Azrael’s Count
  • Tales of India: the Windermere Series [1935]

Works for Children

  • The Jungle Book [illustrated] [1894]
    Mowgli's Brothers — Hunting-Song of the Seeonee Pack — Kaa's Hunting — Road-Song of the Bandar-Log — Tiger! Tiger! — Mowgli's Song That He Sang at the Council Rock When He Danced on Shere Khan's Hide — The White Seal — Lukannon — Rikki-Tikki-Tavi — Darzee's Chaunt — Toomai of the Elephants — Shiv and the Grasshopper — Her Majesty's Servants — Parade-Song of the Camp Animals
  • The Second Jungle Book [1895]
    How Fear Came — The Law of the Jungle — The Miracle of Purun Bhagat — A Song of Kabir — Letting In the Jungle — Mowgli's Song Against People — The Undertakers — A Ripple Song — The King's Ankus — The Song of the Little Hunter — Quiquern — 'Angutivaun Taina' — Red Dog — Chil's Song — The Spring Running — The Outsong
  • Just So Stories for Little Children [1902]
    How the Whale Got His Throat — How the Camel Got His Hump — How the Rhinoceros Got His Skin — How the Leopard Got His Spots — The Elephant's Child — The Sing-Song of Old Man Kangaroo — The Beginning of the Armadillos — How the First Letter Was Written — How the Alphabet Was Made — The Crab That Played With the Sea — The Cat That Walked by Himself — The Butterfly That Stamped
  • Puck of Pook's Hill [1906]
  • Rewards and Fairies [1910]

Poems

Non-fiction

© 2014 The University of Adelaide
Last Modified 16/02/2014
CRICOS Provider Number 00123M
find us on facebook

Service Charter | Copyright | Privacy | Disclaimer