Homer

Portrait

Biographical note

Homer is the poet to whom tradition has attributed the Iliad and the Odyssey. The poems appear to go back to at least the eighth century BCE, and were first written down at the command of the Athenian ruler Pisistratus, who feared they were being forgotten. He made a law: any singer or bard who came to Athens had to recite all they knew of Homer for the Athenian scribes, who recorded each version and collated them into what we now call the Iliad and Odyssey.

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