Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques and Discoveries of the English Nation, by Richard Hakluyt

A Traverse–Booke made by M. Iohn Davis in his third voyage for the discouerie of the Northwest passage. Anno 1587.

[In the following chart, the final column, THE DISCOVRSE, is moved to the line after which it is aligned in the original — KTH]

Moneth    D   H   Course.       L   Eleva-  The winde.  THE DISCOVRSE
          a   o                 e   tion
          y   u                 a   of the
          e   r                 g   pole.
          s.  e                 u   D  M
              s.                e   e  i
                                s.  g. n.
May
          19   w.s.w.                50 30   n.e.
               Westerly.
  This day we departed from Dartmouth at two of the clocke at night.
          20
          21 35 w.s.w.         50    50     n.e.
                Westerly.
  This day we descried Silly N. W. by W. from vs.
          22 15   w.n.w.       14           n.e. by e.
  This day at noone we departed from Silly.
          22  6   w.n.w.        6           n.e. by e.
          22  3   w.n.w.        2
          23 15   n.w. by w.   18           n.e.
          23 39   w.n.w.       36    50 40
  The true course, distance and latitude.
              3   w.n.w.        2           n.n.e.
              6   n.w. by w.    5           n.e. by n.
              3   w.n.w.        3           n.n.e.
             12   w.n.w.       12           n.e.
Noone the 24 24   w.n.w.       25    51 16.
                  Northerly.
  The true course, distance and latitude.
              3   w.n.w.        3           n.n.e.
              3   w.n.w.    2-1/2           n. by e.
              6   w. by n.      5           n.
              6   w. by n.      5           n.
              2   s.          1/2           n.
  Now we lay vpon the lee for the Sunshine, which had taken a leake of 500
  strokes a watch.
Noone the 25 24   w. by n.     20   51 30
  The true course, distance and latitude.
Noone the 25  3   w.            3           n.n.w.
              3   w.s.w.        2           n.w.
              1   s.w.          1           w.n.w.
              2   w.n.w.        1-1/2       n.
              3   w.n.w.        1-1/2       n.
              3                             Calme
              4   w.n.w.        4           s.s.e.
              5   w.            6           s.s.e.
Noone the 26 24   w by n.      23   51 40
  The true course, distance, &c.
                  Westerly.
             11   w.           16           s.s.e.
              6   w.n.w.        2           s.s.e.
  We lay at hull with winde, raine, and fog.
              7   w.            5           s.e.
Noone the 27 24   w. northerly 23
  The common course supposed.
Noone the 28 24   w.           20   52 13   e.s.e.
  We towed the pinnesse 18 houres of this day.
Noone the 28 28   w. by n.     43   52 13
                  Northerly.
  The true course, distance, &c.
Noone the 29 24   n.w.         30           s. by e.
              6   n.w.         10           s.
              3   n. by w.      2           w. by n.
              3   w. by w.      3           w. by s.
             12   n. w.        12           s.s.w
Noone the 30 48   n.w. by n.   65   54 50
  The true course, &c.
              9   n.w.         12           s.w.
              9   n.w. by w.   12           s.s.w.
              3   w.n.w.        3           n.n.e.
Noone the 30  3   w. by n.      4           n.
          30 24   w. n. w.     27   55 30
                  Northerly.
  The true course, &c.
Iune       1 12   w.           10           n.n.w.
              9   n.w.          8           e.n.e.
              3   n.w.          2-1/2       e.n.e.
           1 24   w.n.w.       17   55 45
                  Westerly.
  The true course, &c.
             12   n.w.         16           e.s.e.
              6   n.w.          7           s.
              6   n.w.          8           s.s.w.
Noone the  2 24   n.w.         32   56 55
                  Northerly
  The true course, &c.
Noone the  5 72   w. by s.     45   56 20
                  Southerly
  The true course &c., drawen from diurs trauerses.
Noone the  6 24   s.w.         16           w.n.w.
              7   s.w. by w.    6           w. by n.
              5                             Calme.
              3   w.n.w.        1           s.
Noone the  7  9   w.n.w.       12           s.
             12   w.n.w        20           s.
              3   w.n.w.        4           s.
Noone the  8  9   w.n.w.        7           s.
             12   w.n.w.        5           s.
Noone the  9 12   w.n.w.       13           s.e.
Noone the  9 12   w.n.w        86   57  30
                  Northerly
  The true course, distance, and latitude for 96 houres.
Noone the  9  3   w.n.w.        4            s.e.
              3   w.n.w.        2           s.e.
              6   w.n.w.        1           Calme
Noone the 10 12   w.n.w.       16-1/2       e.
              7   w.n.w.       12           e.
              2   n.w.          2           e.
Noone the 11 15   n.w.         18           e.n.e.
             12   n.w.         12           e.n.e.
             12   n.w.         13           e. by s.
Noone the 12 72   n.w. by w.   78   59 50
                  Northerly
  The true course, &c. for 72 houres.
Noone the 13 24   n.n.w.       26   60 58   e. by n.
                  Westerly
Noone the 14 24   n.n.w.       32   62 30   n.e.
              9   w.n.w.        7           n.
              3   n.w.          2           n.n.e.
              3   n.w. by n.    2           n.e. by n.
  This day in the morning at fiue of the clocke we discouered land being
  distant from vs at the neerest place sixteene leagues, This land in
  generall lay Northwest and to the Westwards, being very mountainous. The
  winde was this day variable, and the aire sometime foggie, and sometime
  cleere. The foresayd land bare from vs (so neere as we could iudge)
  North, Northwest, and Southeast.
          15  9   n.n.w.        8           n.e.
Noone the 15 24   n.w.
                  Northerly    22   63 20
  The true course, &c.
Noone the 16 24   n.n.e.       14   64
                  Easterly
  The true course, &c. This 16 of Iune at 5 of the clocke in the
  afternoone, being in the latitude of 64 degrees, through Gods helpe we
  came to an anker among many low islands which lay before the high land.
Noone the 17
  This 17 of Iune we set vp our pinnesse.
          20
  The 20 she was spoiled by Sauages. At midnight the 21 of Iune wee
  departed from this coast, our two barks for their fishing voyage, and
  myself in the pinnesse for the discouery. From midnight the 21 we shaped
  our course as followeth.

At mid-night the 21  8   w.n.w        7            s.e.

Noone the 22  4   n.w.         6            s.e.
             13   n.w.        18            s.e.
             11   n.          13            s.e.
  At this time we saw great store of whales.
Noone the 23 36   n.w. by n.  42    65 40
  The true course, &c.
Noone the 24 24   n. by e.    41    67 40   s.s.e.
                  northerly
              2
  The true course &c. Here the weather was very hot. This 24 of Iune at 6
  of the clocke at night we met two sauages at sea in their small canoas,
  vnto whom we gaue bracelets, and nailes, for skins and birds. At 9 of the
  clocke they departed from vs.
Noone the 26 48   n.                        s.
              3   n.w.         2            s.w.
  The next day at 7 of the clocke in the morning, there came vnto vs 30
  sauages 20 leagues off the shore, intreating vs to goe to the shore. We
  had of them fish, birds, skinnes, darts, and their coats from their
  backs, for bracelets, nailes, kniues, &c. They remained with vs foure
  houres, and departed.
              7   n.n.e.      10            s.
              6   n.           8            s.w.
              8   w.n.w.       5            s.e.
Noone the 27 72   n.
                  westerly    52    70  4
  The true course for, &c. 72 houres.
Noone the 29  72      n.      43    72 12
          30
  The true course, &c. Since the 21 of this moneth I haue continually
  coasted the shore of Gronland, hauing the sea all open towards the West,
  and the land on the starboord side East from me. For these last 4 dayes
  the weather hath bene extreame hot and very calme, the Sunne being 5
  degrees aboue the horison at midnight. The compasse in this place varieth
  28 degrees toward the West.

Iuly       1 30   w. by s.   44     71 36   n.w. by n.
                  westerley
  The true course, &c. this day at noone we coasted a mighty banke of ice
  West from vs.
           2 24   s.e.       12     71  9
Noone the  3  8   n.n.w.     11     71 40   n.
  This day we fell againe with the ice, seeking to double it out by the
  North.
Noone the  5 48   s.s.e.     36     70      n.
  The true course, &c.
           6 24   s.s.w.     22     69      variable.
           7
           8
  The true course, &c. This 6 of Iuly we put our barke thorow the ice,
  seeing the sea free on the West side: and hauing sailed 5 leagues West,
  we fell with another mighty barre, which we could not passe: and
  therefore returning againe, we freed our selues the 8 of this moneth at
  midnight, and so recouered the sea through Gods fauour, by faire winds,
  the weather being very calme.
Noone the  9 72   e.s.e.      7     68 50   calme.
  The true course, &c.
          10 24   s.e. by s.  8     68 30   calme.
  The true course, &c. This day we coasted the ice.
          11 24   e.n.e.     11-1/2 68 45   variable.
  The true course, &c.
          12 24   s.s.e.     16     68      n.n.w.
  The true course, &c.
          13 24   e. by s.   20             s.
  This day the people came to vs off the shore, and bartered with vs. Being
  within the Isle, and not finding good ankorage, we bare off again into
  the sea.
          14 24   w. by n.   11     67 50   s.
  The true course, &c.
          15 24   w.s.w.      5     67 45   e.
  The true course, &c. This day a great current set vs West 6 points from
  our course.
          16 24   s.w. by w. 23     67 10   s.
                  westerly
  The true course, &c. This day we fell with a mighty banke of ice West of
  vs.
Noone the 18 48   s. by w.   30     65 33   n. fog.
  The true course, &c. Collected by diuers experiments.
          19  24  w.         13     65 30   s. fog.
                  southerly
  The true course, &c. This 19 of Iuly at one a clocke in the afternoone we
  had sight of the land of Mount Ralegh, and by 12 of the clocke at night
  wee were thwart the Streights which (by Gods helpe) I discouered the
  first yere.
          20
  The 20 day wee trauersed in the mouth of the sayd Streights with a
  contrary winde, being West and faire weather.
          23
  This 23 day at 2 of the clocke in the afternoone, hauing sailed 60
  leagues Northwest, we ankered among an huge number of Isles lying in the
  bottome of the sayd supposed passage, at which place the water riseth 4
  fadome vpright. Here as we rode at anker, a great whale passed by vs, and
  swam West in amongst the isles. In this place a S. W. by W. moone maketh
  a full sea. Here the compasse varied 30 degrees.
          24
  The 24 day at 5 of the clocke in the morning we set saile, departing from
  this place, and shaping our course S.E. to recouer the maine Ocean
  againe.
          25
  This 25 we were becalmed almost in the bottome of the Streights, and had
  the weather maruellous extreme hot.
          26                                s.e.
  This day being in the Streights, we had a very quicke storme.
          27                                s.
  Being still in the Streight, we had this day faire weather.
Noone the 29                        64
  At this present we got cleere of the Streights, hauing coasted the South
  shore, the land trending from hence S. W. by S.
Noone the 30      s.s.w.     22     63
  This day we coasted the shore, a banke of ice lying thereupon. Also this
  30 of Iuly in the afternoone we crossed ouer the entrance or mouth of a
  great inlet or passage, being 20 leagues broad, and situate betweene 62
  and 63 degrees. In which place we had 8 or 9 great rases, currents or
  ouerfals, lothsomly crying like the rage of the waters vnder London
  bridge, and bending their course into the sayd gulfe.
Noone the 31 24   s. by w.   27     62      n.w.
  This 31 at noone, comming close by a foreland or great cape, we fell into
  a mighty rase, where an island of ice was carried by the force of the
  current as fast as our barke could saile with lum wind, all sailes
  bearing. This cape as it was the most Southerly limit of the gulfe which
  we passed ouer the 30 day of this moneth, so was it the North promontory
  or first beginning of another very great inlet, whose South limit at this
  present wee saw not. Which inlet or gulfe this afternoone, and in the
  night, we passed ouer: where to our great admiration we saw the sea
  falling down into the gulfe with a mighty ouerfal, and roring, and with
  diuers circular motions like whirlepooles, in such sort as forcible
  streames passe thorow the arches of bridges.

August
Noone the  1 24   s.e. by s. 16     61 10   w.s.w.
  The true course, &c. This first of August we fell with the promuntory of
  the sayd gulfe or second passage, hauing coasted by diuers courses for
  our sauegard, a great banke of the ice driuen out of that gulfe.
Noone the  3 48   s.s.e.     16     60 26   variable.
Noone the  6 72   s.e.       22     59 35   variable
                  southerly                 with calme.
  The true course, &c.
           7 24   s.s.e.     22     58 40   w.s.w.
  The true course, &c.
           8 24   s.e.       13     58 12   w. fog.
                                            variable.
  The true course, &c.
           9 24   s. by w.   13     57 30   variable
                                            and calme.
  The true course, &c.
Noone the 10 24   s.s.e.     17     56 40   s.w. by w.
  The true course, &c.
          11 24   s.e.       40     55 13   w.n.w.
                  easterly
  The true course, &c.
          12 24   s.e.       20     54 32   w.s.w.
                  easterly
  The true course, &c.
          13 24   w.s.w.      4     54      n.w.
  This day seeking for our ships that went to fish, we stroke on a rocke,
  being among many iles, and had a great leake.
Noone the 14 24   s.s.e.     28     52 40   n.w.
  This day we stopped our leake in a storme. The 15 of August at noon,
  being in the latitude of 52 degrees 12 min. and 16 leagues from the
  shore, we shaped our course for England, in Gods name, as followeth.
Noone the 15                        52 12   s.s.w.
  The true latitude.
          16 20   e.s.e.     50     51      s.w.
                  halfe
                  point s.
  The true course, &c.
          17 24   e. by s.   30     50 40   s.
  The true course, &c. This day upon the banke we met a Biscaine bound for
  the Grand Bay or for the passage. He chased vs.
          18 24   e. by n.   49     51 18   w.
                  northerly.
  The true course, &c.
          19 24   s. halfe   51     51 35   variable
                  point north.              w. & s.
  The true course, &c.
          20 24   e.s.e.     31     50 50   s.w.
  The true course, &c.
          22 48   e. by n.   68     51 30   s.s.w.
  The true course, &c.
          23 24   e. by n.   33     51 52   s.
                  northerly.
  The true course, &c.
          24 24   e. by n.   31     52 10   variable.
  The true course, &c. This 24 of August obseruing the variation, I found
  the compass to vary towards the East from the true Meridian, one degree.
Noone the 27 72   e.         40     52 22   variable
                  northerly                 & calme.
  The true coruse, &c for 72 houres.
Noone the 29 48   e.s.e.     47     51 28   variable w. & n.
  The true course, &c.
Noone the 31 48   s.e. by e. 14     51  9   variable.
                  easterly
  The true course, &c.
           2 48   e.         65     51      n.w.
                  southerly.
  The true course, &c.
           3 24   e. by s.   24     50 50   w.n.w.
                  easterly.
  The true course, &c.
           4 24   s.e. by e. 20     50 21   n.n.e.
  The true course, &c.
           5 24   s.e. by e. 18     49 48   n.n.e.
  The true course, &c. Now we supposed our selues to be 55 leagues from
  Sillie.
           6 24   e. by s.   15     49 40    n.
  The true course, &c.
           7 24   e.s.e.     20     49 15    n.n.w.
  The true course, &c.
           8 24   n.e.       18     49 40
           9 24   w.s.w.      7     49 42
          10 24   s.e. by e.  8-1/2 49 28    variable.
          11 24   n.e. by e. 10     49 45    variable.
          12 24   n.w. by w.  6     50       n.e.
          13 24   e. by s.   15     49 47    n.e.
                  southerly
          15
  This 15 of September 1587 we arriued at Dartmouth.

Vnder the title of the houres, where any number exceedeth 24, it is the summe or casting vp of so many other dayes and partes of dayes going next before, as conteine the foresayd summe.

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Last updated Monday, March 10, 2014 at 21:52