The Voyage of the Beagle, by Charles Darwin

Index

Abbott, Mr., on spiders, 36

Aborigines banished from Van Diemen’s Land, 475
of Australia, 430 to 458

Abrolhos Islands, 9, 14

Absence of trees in Pampas, 48

Aconcagua, volcano of, 269, 294, 312

Actinia, stinging species, 494

Africa, Southern part desert, yet supports large animals, 89

Ageronia feronia, 39

Agouti, habits of, 72

Ague common in Peru, 389

Albemarle Island, , 420

Allan, Dr., on Diodon, 14
on Holuthuriæ, 494

Alluvium, saliferous, in Peru, 367
stratified, in Andes, 333

Amblyrhynchus, 401, 411

Anas, species of, 210

Animalculæ. See Infusoria

Antarctic islands, 263

Antipodes, 444

Ants at Keeling Island, 485
in Brazil, 36

Antuco volcano, 311

Apires, or miners 364

Aplysia, 6, 493

Apple-trees, 318

Aptenodytes demersa, 209

Araucanian Indians, 66

Areas of alternate movements in the Pacific and Indian oceans, 480

Armadilloes, habits of, 110
fossil animals allied to, 137, 164

Arqueros mines, 369

Arrow-heads, ancient, 109, 381

Ascension, 522, 538

Aspalax, blindness of, 53

Athene cunicularia, 73, 132

Atolls, 490, 495

Attagis, 98

Atwater, Mr., on the prairies, 124

Audubon, M., on smelling-power of carrion-hawks, 195

Australia, 459

Australian barrier, 499
group of weapons, 480

Ava (Macropiper methysticum), 428, 436

Azara on spiders, 39
on rain in La Plata, 49
on habits of carrion-hawks, 58
on range of carrion-hawks, 60
on a thunder-storm, 65
on ostrich-eggs, 95
on bows and arrows, 110
on new plants springing up, 125
on great droughts, 142
on hydrophobia, 378

Bachman, Mr., on carrion-hawks, 195

Bahia Blanca, 50, 70, 77 to 110
fossil tooth of horse from, 138

Bahia, Brazil, 11
scenery of, 526

Bajada, 136

Balbi on coral reefs, 499

Bald Head, Australia, 479

Ballenar, Chile, 373

Banda Oriental, 48, 152, 158, 186

Banks’s Hill, 221

Barking-bird, 307

Barrier-reef, Bolabola,
reefs, sections of, 500

Basaltic platform of Santa Cruz, 182

Bathurst, Australia, 470

Batrachian reptiles, 101

Bats, vampire, 22, 23

Bay of Islands, New Zealand, 444

Beads, hill of, 158

Beagle Channel, Tierra del Fuego, 230

Beech-trees, 251, 292

Beetles in brackish water, 22
on a fungus, 32
alive in sea, 168
at St. Julian, 180
dung-feeders, 520, 521

Behring’s Straits, fossils of, 140

Bell of Quillota, 270

Benchuca, 352

Berkeley Sound, 199, 214
Rev. J., on Confervæ, 15
    on Cyttaria, 250

Berquelo river, 158

Bibron, M., 407

Bien te veo, 56

Birds of the Galapagos Archipelago, 405
tameness of, 424

Birgos latro, 492, 512

Bizcacha, habits of, 73, 130, 273

Blackheath, Australia, 466

Blackwall, Mr., on spiders, 171

Blindness of tucutuco, 53

Blue Mountains, 465

Body, frozen, 93, 263

Bolabola, barrier-reef, 498, 504

Bolas, manner of using, 46, 117

Bombs, volcanic, 524

Bones of the guanaco collected in certain spots, 177
fire made of, 205
recent in Pampas, 142
fossil, 86, 134, 137, 164, 182

Bory St. Vincent on frogs, 407

Boulders, 197, 262

Bramador, El, 358

Brazil, great area of granite, 12

Brazilian whips, etc., 75

Breaches in coral reefs, 502

Breakwater of seaweed, 253

Brewster, Sir D., on a calcareous deposit, 10

Bridge of hide, 334
of Incas, 357, 380, 394

Buckland, Dr., on fossils, 140

Buenos Ayres, 127
trading at, 111
evening camp, 128
bullock-waggons, 150

Buffon on American Animals, 183

Bug of Pampas, 352

Buildings, Indian, 381 to 383, 394

Bulimus on desert places, 371

Burchell, Mr., on food of quadrupeds, 91
on ostrich-eggs, 95
on perforated stones, 285

Butterflies, flocks of, 167

Butterfly producing clicking sound, 34

Button, Jemmy, 218

Byron’s account of fox of Falklands, 204
on an Indian killing his child, 228

Cabbage palm, 26

Cacti, 174, 278, 399

Cactornis, 405, 424

Cactus, Cereus Peruviana, 278

Calasoma on wing out at sea, 168

Calcareous casts of branches and roots of trees at King George’s Sound, 479
incrustations on rocks of Ascension, 9

Callao, 389, 391

Calodera, 132

Calomys bizcacha, 130

Camarhynchus, 405, 424

Camelidæ, fossil animal allied to, 182

Cancer salinus, 69

Canis antarcticus, 204
fulvipes, 287

Cape Horn, 222, 223
False Horn, 229, 243
of Good Hope, 91

Capybara, or carpincho, 40, 51, 182, 307
fossil allied to, 87

Caracara, or Carrancha, 57

Cardoon, beds of, 125, 157

Carizal, 371

Carmichael, Capt., 426

Carrion-hawks, 59, 126, 195

Casarita, 99

Cassava, 23

Castro, Chiloe, 296, 315
old church at, 291

Casuchas, 358

Catamaran, 18

Cathartes, 60, 195

Cats run wild, 123, 523
good to eat, 123
scratch trees, 144
cruelty to mice, 209

Cattle, effects of their grazing on the vegetation, 124
killed by great droughts, 142, 156
know each other, 155
curious breed of, 155
waste of, 158
wild at the Falkland Islands, 200, 203

Caucahue, 295

Cauquenes, hot springs of, 281

Causes of extinction of species among mammalia, 182
of discoloured sea, 15

Cavia Patagonica, 72

Cawa-Cawa, New Zealand, 456

Caylen, 298

Cervus campestris, 50

Ceryle Americana, 147

Chacao, Chiloe, 293

Chagos atolls, 508

Chalk-like mud, 494

Chamisso on drifted seeds and trees, 484, 491
on coral reefs, 496

Changes in vegetation of Pampas, 126
in vegetation of St. Helena, 519

Charles Island, 400, 420

Chatham Island, 399, 420

Cheese, salt required for, 68

Cheucau, 297, 307

Chile, 268, 271, 274
features of country, 270

Chilenos, 194, 337

Chilian miner, 277
spurs, stirrup, etc, 290
vegetation, 359

Chiloe, 291
old church at castro, 291
forests of, and climate, 292
inhabitants of, 292, 294
roads of, 293, 313, 314
Gunnera scabra, 310

Chionis alba, 98

Cholechel, conflict at, 109

Chonos Archipelago, 300, 304
climate of, 292
zoology of, 306
ornithology of, 307

Chupat, Rio, 110

Chuzo, 66

Cicada homoptera, 529

Cladonia, 387

Clearness of atmosphere within Andes, in Chile, 271

Climate of Tierra del Fuego and Falkland Islands, 257
Antarctic Islands, 263
change of, in Chile, 382
Galapagos, 397

Clouds of vapour after rain, 25
on Corcovado, 30
hanging low, 389
at sea, 429

Coloeoptera in Tropics, 35
out at sea, 168
of St. Julian, 180

Colias edusa, flocks of, 168

Colnett, Capt., on spawn in sea, 17
on a marine lizard, 411
on transport of seeds, 418

Colonia del Sacramiento, 153

Colorado, Rio, 73

Compound animals, 211

Concepcion, Chile, 325

Conchalee, 362

Condor, habits of, 193, 196, 287
(Sarcorhamphus gryphus), 187

Confervæ, pelagic, 15

Conglomerate on the Ventana, 113
in Cordillera, 342

Conurus, 147

Convicts of Mauritius, 514
condition, in New South Wales, 473

Cook, Capt., on kelp, 253

Copiapó, river and valley of, 366, 370, 375, 385
town of, 374, 378

Coquimbo, 22, 365

Coral formations, 429, 502 to 509
stinging species of, 493
reefs, sections of, 502, 508
dead, 508

Corallines, 207

Corals, 507

Corcovado, clouds on, 30
volcano, 304

Cordillera, appearance of, 269, 292, 337
different productions on east and west side, 345
passage of, 334
structure of valleys, 335
rivers of, 338
geology of, 339, 354, 355
valley of Copiapó, 385
mountains, 435

Cormorant catching fish, 209

Corral, where animals are slaughtered at Buenos Ayres, 127

Corrientes, Cape, 168

Corrobery, or native Australian dance, 479

Corunda, 135

Coseguina, eruption of, 312, 376

Countries, unhealthy, 389

Couthouy, Mr., on coral-reefs, 504

Crabberies, 83

Crabs, hermit species of, 486
at St. Paul’s, 10
at Keeling Island, 492

Craters, number of, at the Galapagos Archipelago, 398
of Elevation, 515

Crisia, 211

Cruelty to animals, 162

Crustacea, pelagic, 171

Ctenomys Brasiliensis, 52
fossil species of, 86

Cucao, Chiloe, 315

Cuckoo-like habits of Molothrus, 55

Cudico, mission at, 320

Cuentas, Sierra de, 158

Cufre, 153

Cumbre of Cordillera, 358

Cuming, Mr., on shells, 416, 520

Cuttlefish, habits of, 7

Cuvier on Diodon, 14

Cynara cardunculus, 125

Cyttaria Darwinii, 250, 251

Dacelo Iagoensis, 2

Dasypus, three species of, 100

Deer, 50, 139

Degradation of tertiary formations, 368

Deinornis, 455

Deserts, 371, 384

Desmodus, 22

Despoblado, valley of, 379

Dieffenbach, Dr., E., 2
on Auckland Island, 259, 464

Diodon, habits of, 13

Discoloured sea, 15

Diseases from miasma, 389, 464

Distribution of mammalia in America, 138
of animals on opposite sides of Cordillera, 348
of frogs, 407
of Fauna of Galapagos, 419

Dobrizhoffer on ostriches, 98
on a hail-storm, 122

Docks, imported, 455

Dogs, shepherd, 159

Dolichonyx oryzivorus, 404

D’Orbigny, Travels in South America, 81, 97, 125, 137, 159, 177

Doris, eggs of, 211

Dormidor, or horse-tamer, 160

Doubleday, Mr., on a noise made by a butterfly, 34

Drigg, lightning tubes at, 61

Droughts, great, in Pampas, 141

Dryness of St. Jago, 4
of winds in Tierra del Fuego, 245
of air in Cordillera, 348

Dubois, 407

Dung-feeding beetles, 520, 521

Dust, falling from atmosphere, 5

Earthenware, fossil, 394

Earthquake, accompanied by an elevation of the coast, 331
accompanied by rain, 375
at Callao, 393
at Concepcion, 325
at Coquimbo, 366
at Keeling and Vanikoro, and Society Islands, 504
at Valdivia, 322
causes of, 330
effect of, on springs, 281
on bottom of sea, 327
effects of, on rocks, 274, 324
effects of, on sea, 323, 324, 325
effects of, on a river-bed, 381
line of vibration of, 328
on S.W. coast, 260
tossing fragments from the ground, 208
twisting movement of, 328

Eggs of Doris, 211

Ehrenberg, Prof., on Atlantic dust, 5
on infusoria in Pampas, 87, 137
    in the open sea, 172
    in Patagonia, 180
    in Fuegian paint, 234
    in coral mud, 494
    in tuff at Ascension, 525
on phosphorescence of the sea, 172
on noises from a hill, 385

Eimeo, island of, 432; barrier-reef, 433

Elater, springing powers of, 32

Electricity of atmosphere within Andes, 348

Elephant, weight of, 91

Elevated shells, 89, 136, 180, 266, 313, 331, 367, 393

Elevation of coasts of Chile, 266, 313, 323, 331, 355, 367, 381
Bahia Blanca, 87
Pampas, 137
Patagonia, 180, 395
mountain-chains, 333
Cordillera, 338, 343, 354
Peru, 393
within human period, 395
fringing-reefs, 508

Entomology of the Galapagos Archipelago, 407, 418, 420
Brazil, 34
Patagonia, 180, 349
Tierra del Fuego, 253
Keeling Island, 485
St. Helena, 520

Entre Rios, geology of, 132

Epeira, habits of, 37 to 39

Erratic blocks, how transported, 262
absent in intertropical countries, 263
on plains of Santa Cruz, 196
of Tierra del Fuego, 262

Estancia, value of, 154

Extermination of species and races, 183, 462, 469, 476

Extinction of shells at St. Helena, 520
of species, causes of, 183
of man in New South Wales, 462, 476

Eyes of tucutuco and mole, 53

Eyre Sound, 260

Falconer, Dr., on the Sivatherium, 155
on the Indians, 109
on rivers in Pampas, 112
on natural enclosures, 122

Falkland Islands, 199
absence of trees at, 48
carrion-hawks of, 57
wild cattle and horses of, 200
fox of, 204
climate of, 257
peat of, 305
tame birds at, 424

Fat, quantity eaten, 123

Fatahua fall, 436

Fear an acquired instinct, 426

Februa Hoffmanseggi, butterfly, 35

Fennel run wild, 125

Ferguson, Dr., on miasma, 390

Fernando Noronha, 2, 11, 173, 399

Ferns, tree, 259, 477

Fields of dead coral, 488

Fire, art of making, 205, 436

Fireflies, 31

Fish emitting harsh sound, 144
of Galapagos, 416
eating coral, 494

Flamingoes, 69

Fleas, 369

Floods after droughts, 142
clear after snow, 341

Flora of the Galapagos, 399, 418, 421
of Keeling Island, 483
of St. Helena, 523

Flustraceæ, 211

Forests, absence of, in La Plata, 47
of Tierra del Fuego, 220, 250, 305
of Chiloe, 250, 299, 305, 314
of Valdivia, 319, 322
of New Zealand, 436
of Australia, 445

Fossil Mammalia, 36, 134, 137, 164, 182
earthenware, 394

Fox of the Falkland Islands, 204
of Chiloe, 299

Freyrina, 372

Friendly Archipelago, 505

Fringing reefs, 501

Frogs, noises of, 30
bladders of, 409
and toads, not found on oceanic islands, 407

Frozen soil, 93, 257

Fruit-trees, southern limit of, 250

Fucus giganteus, 254

Fuegians, 151, 218 to 243
wigwams, 151, 224
basket and bone weapons, 230

Fulgurites, 62

Fungus, edible, 250

Furnarius, 99

Galapagos Archipelago, 398
natural history of, 403
marked relationship with America, 403
zoology of, 403, 419
finches from, 405

Gale of wind, 228, 300

Gallegos river, fossil bones at, 182

Gallinazo, 60

Gauchos, 46, 160
character of, 161
live on meat, 123
surcingle of, 46

Gavia mountain, 33

Gay, M., on floating islands, 283
on shells in brackish water, 22

Geese at the Falkland Islands, 210

Geographical distribution of American animals, 138, 349
of frogs, 407
of fauna of Galapagos, 419

Geology of Cordillera, 341, 355
of St. Jago, 6
of St. Paul, 8
of Brazil, 12
of Bahia Blanca, 86
of Pampas, 136
of Patagonia, 180, 190

Georgia, climate of, 263

Geospiza, 405, 420

Gill, Mr., on an upheaved river-bed, 382

Gillies, Dr., on the Cordillera, 345

Glaciers in Tierra del Fuego, 237, 260, 261
in lat. 46° 40’, 260
in Cordillera, 346

Glow-worms, 31

Goats destructive to vegetation at St. Helena, 520
bones of, 177

Goeree Roads, 230

Goître, 336

Gold-washing, 284

Good Success Bay, 214

Gossamer spider, 169

Gould, Mr., on the Calodera, 132
on birds of Galapagos, 404

Granite mountains, Tres Montes, 301
of Cordillera, 342

Graspus, 10

Gravel, how far transported, 113
of Patagonia, 78, 180

Graves of Indians, 179

Greenstone, fragments of, 274

Gregory, Cape, 245

Gryllus migratorius, 352

Guanaco, habits of, 175, 197
fossil allied genus, 182

Guantajaya, mines of, 387

Guardia del Monte, 124

Guasco, 367, 371, 375

Guasos of Chile, 275

Guava imported into Tahiti, 430

Guinea-fowl, 5, 523

Guitron, 279

Gunnera scabra, 298

Gypsum, great beds of, 342
in salt-lake, 68
in Patagonian tertiary beds, 180
at Iquique with salt, 388
at Lima with shells, 392

Hachette, M., on lightning-tubes, 62

Hacienda, condor, and cactus, 271

Hail-storm, 121

Hall, Captain Basil, on terraces of Coquimbo, 367

Hare, Varying, 47

Head, Captain, on thistle-beds, 125, 130

Height of snow-line on Cordillera, 259

Henslow, Prof., on potatoes, 304
on plants of Keeling Island, 483

Hermit crabs, 486

Hide bridge, 334

Hill emitting a noise, 385

Himantopus, 120

Hippah, New Zealand, 458

Hobart Town and Mount Wellington, 475

Hogoleu barrier-reef, 499

Holes made by a bird, 99

Holman on drifted seeds, 484

Holothuriæ feeding on coral, 494

Homeward bound, 531

Hooker, Sir J., on the Cardoon, 125
Dr. J. D., on the kelp, 253
on Galapageian plants, 418, 421

Horn, Cape, 223

Horner, Mr., on a calcareous deposit, 10

Horse, swimming powers of, 152

Horse, wild at the Falkland Islands, 202
fossil of extinct species of, 86, 138

Horse-fly, 180

Horsemanship of the Gauchos, 162, 206

Horses difficult to drive, 115
drop excrement on paths, 125
killed by great droughts, 141
multiplication of, 247
broken in, 160

Hot springs of Cauquenes, 281

Huacas, 394, 396

Humboldt on burnished rocks, 12
on the atmosphere in tropics, 33
on frozen soil, 93
on hybernation, 102
on potatoes, 304
on earthquakes and rain, 375
on miasma, 390, 463

Humming-birds of Rio de Janeiro, 33
of Chiloe, 289

Hurtado, 113

Hybernation of animals, 102

Hydrochærus capybara, 40, 51

Hydrophobia, 377

Hyla, 30

Hymenophallus, 34

Ibis Melanops, 175

Ice, prismatic structure of, 347

Icebergs, 197, 237, 260 to 267

Incas’ bridge, 357, 380, 394

Incrustations on coast rocks, 9, 12

Indian fossil remains, 395

Indians, attacks of, 66, 80, 136
antiquarian relics of, 48, 109
Araucanian, 66, 321
of the Pampas, 105
decrease in numbers of, 108
grave of, 179, 198
Patagonian, 245
perforated stones used by, 285
Valdivian, 321
powers of tracking, 350
ruins of houses of, 380, 384, 392

Infection, 463

Infusoria in dust in the Atlantic, 5
in the sea, 16, 168
in the Pampas, 87, 137
in Patagonia, 180
in white paint, 234
in coral mud, 494
at Ascension, 525

Insects first colonists of St. Paul’s rocks, 10
blown out to sea, 168
of Patagonia, 180, 349
of Tierra del Fuego, 253
of Galapagos, 403, 417, 419
of Keeling Island, 485
of St. Helena, 520

Instincts of birds, 96, 423

Iodine with salt at Iquique, 388

Iquique, 386

Iron, oxide of, on rocks, 12

Irregular troops, 85

Islands, oceanic, volcanic, 8
Antarctic, 263
floating, 283
Low, 429, 497

Jackson, Col., on frozen snow, 347

Jaguar, habits of, 143

Jajuel, mines of, 276

James Island, 402, 420

Jemmy Button, 218, 233

Juan Fernandez, volcano of, 332
flora of, 418

Kangaroo-hunting, 469

Kater’s Peak, 224

Kauri pine, 454

Keeling Island, 481
inside an atoll, 481
flora of, 483
birds of, 485, 486
entomology of, 486
subsidence of, 504
Birgos latro, 512

Kelp, or seaweed, 253, 254

Kendall, Lieut., on a frozen body, 263

Kingfishers, 2, 147

King George’s Sound, 478

Kororadika, 447, 453

Labourers, condition of, in Chile, 285

Lagoon-islands, 429, 482, 489, 495

Lagostomus, 130

Lake, brackish, near Rio, 22
with floating islands, 283
formed during earthquake, 395

Lamarck on acquired blindness, 53

Lampyris, 31

Lancaster, Capt., on a sea-tree, 105

Land-shells, 371, 519, 520

Las Minas, 43

Lazo, 46, 160, 201

Leaves, 250
fossil, 477

Leeks in New Zealand, imported, 455

Lemuy Island, 295, 297

Lepus Magellanicus, 203

Lesson, M., on the scissor-beak, 147
on rabbit of the Falklands, 203

Lichen on loose sand, 387

Lichtenstein on ostriches, 96

Lightning storms, 63
tubes, 61

Lima, 389, 392
and San Lorenzo, 360
elevation of a river near, 383

Lime, changed by lava into crystalline rock, 6

Limnæa in brackish water, 2

Lion-ant, 470

Lizard, 102
marine species of, 407

Lizards, transport of, 404

Llama or guanaco, habits of, 175

Locusts, 351

Longevity of species in Mollusca, 87

Lorenzo, San, island of, 393

Low Archipelago, 429, 497

Luciano, story of, 117

Lumb, Mr., 158, 164

Lund, M., on antiquity of man, 382

Lund and Clausen on fossils of Brazil, 138, 183

Luxan, 130, 351

Luxuriant vegetation not necessary to support large animals, 89

Lycosa, 36

Lyell, Mr., on terraces of Coquimbo, 367
on longevity of Mollusca, 87
on change in vegetation, 126
on fossil horses’ teeth, 137
on flocks of butterflies, 168
on extinct mammals and ice-period, 184
on stones twisted by earthquakes, 329
on frozen snow, 347
on distribution of animals, 349
on subsidence in the Pacific, 498

MacCulloch on infection, 464

Macquarie river, 471

Macrauchenia, 86, 182

Macrocystis, 253

Madrina, or godmother of a troop of mules, 336

Magdalen channel, 255

Magellan, flora of, 265
H.M.S. Beagle in Straits of, Beagle
Straits of, 229, 244
Port Famine, 246
kelp of, 267

Malays, 482

Malcolmson, Dr., on hail, 122

Maldiva atolls, 496, 505, 507

Maldonado, 41, 47, 61, 65, 145

Mammalia, fossil, 86, 134, 137, 164, 182, 183, 395

Man, antiquity of, 382
body frozen, 264
fossil remains of, 395
fear of, an acquired instinct, 427
extinction of races, 463, 476

Mandetiba, 20

Mandioca or cassava, 23, 27

Mare’s flesh eaten by troops, 107

Mares killed for their hides, 163

Mastodon, 134, 137

Maté pots and Bambillio, 118

Matter, granular, movements in, 104

Mauritius, 513

Maypu river, 338

Megalonyx, 86, 139

Megatherium, 86, 88, 139

Mendoza, 352
climate of, 345

Mercedes on the Rio Negro, 156

Mexico, elevation of, 139

Miasmata, 389, 463

Mice inhabit sterile places, 384
number of, in America, 51
how transported, 307, 404
different on opposite sides of Andes, 348
of the Galapagos, 403
of Ascension, 523

Millepora, 493

Mills for grinding ores, 284

Mimosæ, 26

Mimus, 56, 420, 424

Miners, condition of, 277, 283, 362, 370

Mines, 277, 365, 369
how discovered, 340

Miranda, Commandant, 105

Missionaries at New Zealand, 446

Mitchell, Sir T., on valleys of Australia, 466

Mocking-bird, 56, 420, 424

Molina omits description of certain birds, 289

Molothrus, habits of, 54

Monkeys with prehensile tails, 29

Monte Video, 41, 151, 152

Moresby, Capt., on a great crab, 493
on coral-reefs, 509

Mount Sarmiento, 247, 256
Tarn, 249
Victoria, 47

Mountains, elevation of, 333

Movements in granular matter, 104

Mud, chalk-like, 494
disturbed by earthquake, 328

Mules, 336

Muniz, Signor, on niata cattle, 155

Murray, Mr., on spiders, 170

Mylodon, 86, 140, 164

Myopotamus Coypus, 306

Narborough Island, 401

Negress with goître, 336

Negro, Rio, 65, 192
lieutenant, 78

Nepean river, 444

New Caledonia, reef of, 499, 501, 507

New Zealand, 444

Niata cattle, 155

Noises from a hill, 385

Noses, ceremony of pressing, 451

Nothura, 47

Notopod, crustacean, 171

Nulliporæ, incrustations like, 9
protecting reefs, 529

Octopus, habits of, 7

Oily coating on sea, 17

Olfersia, 10

Opetiorhynchus, 425

Opuntia, 278
Darwinii, 175
Galapageia, 427

Orange-trees self-sown, 126

Ores, gold, 284

Ornithology of Galapagos, 404, 420

Ornithorhynchus, 470

Osorno, volcano of, 292, 294, 312

Ostrich, habits of, 44, 94

Ostrich’s eggs, 119

Otaheite, 429

Otter, 307

Ova in sea, 17

Oven-bird, 99

Owen, Capt., on a drought in Africa, 141
Professor, on the Capybara, 51
fossil quadrupeds, 86-89, 137
nostrils of the Gallinazo, 195

Owl of Pampas, 73, 132
of Galapagos Islands, 406

Oxyurus, 252, 308

Oysters, gigantic, 180

Paint, white, 234

Pallas on Siberia, 69

Palm-trees in La Plata, 48
south limit of, 260
in Chile, 272

Palms absent at Galapagos, 400

Pampas, halt at a pulperia on the, 64
number of embedded remains in, 165
southern limit of, 80
changes in, 130
giant thistle of, 125
not quite level, 134, 137, 153
geology of, 136, 165
view of, from the Andes, 348

Pan de Azucar, 47

Papilio feronia, 34, 39

Parana, Rio, 136, 148, 156
River, 133
islands in, 143

Parish, Sir W., on the great drought, 142

Park, Mungo, on eating salt, 116

Parrots, 147, 259

Partridges, 47

Pas, fortresss of New Zealand, 445

Passes in Cordillera, 356

Pasture altered from grazing of cattle, 124

Patagones, 65

Patagonia, geology of, 190, 349
birds of, 93
zoology of, 174, 180, 189
raised beaches, 182

Patagonian bolas, etc, 248, 249

Patagonians, Cape Gregory, 245

Paypote ravine, 383

Peach-trees self-sown, 126

Peat, formation of, 305

Pebbles perforated, 158, 285
transported in roots of trees, 491

Pelagic animals in southern ocean, 172

Penas, glacier in Gulf of, 261

Penguin, habits of, 209

Pepsis, habits of, 36

Pernambuco, reef of, 529

Pernety on hill of ruins, 208
on tame birds, 425

Peru, 386, 396
dry valleys of, 382, 386

Peruvian pottery, 396

Petrels, habits of, 309

Peuquenes, pass of, 341

Phonolite at Fernando Noronha, 11

Phosphorescence of the sea, 172
of land insects and sea animals, 31
of a coralline, 213

Phryniscus, 101

Pine of New Zealand, 454

Plains at foot of Andes in Chile, 282, 337
almost horizontal near St. Fé, 135

Planariæ, terrestrial species of, 28

Plants of the Galapagos, 402, 418, 421
of Keeling island, 483
of St. Helena, 517

Plants, fossil, in Australia, 477

Plata, R., 40
thunderstorms of, 65

Plover, long-legged, 120

Polished rocks, Brazil, 12

Polyborus chimango, 58, 209
Braziliensis, 57
Novæ Zelandiæ, 59

Ponsonby Sound, 229, 233, 239, 241

Porpoises, 40

Port Desire, 97, 174
river of, 112, 178
St. Julian, 180
Famine, 246, 247
Jackson, 459

Portillo Pass, 335 to 352

Porto Praya, 2

Potato, wild, 304

Potrero Seco, 375

Prairies, vegetation of, 124

Prévost, M., on cuckoos, 55

Priestley, Dr., on lightning-tubes, 61

Prisoner, bringing in a, 84

Procellaria gigantea, habits of, 309

Proctotretus, 102

Proteus, blindness of, 53

Protococcus nivalis, 345

Pteroptochos, two species of, 288
species of, 297, 307

Puenta del Inca, 356, 380

Puffinuria Berardii, 309

Puffinus cinereus, 309

Puma, habits of, 144, 193, 287
flesh of, 122

Puna, or short respiration, 344

Punta Alta, Bahia Blanca, 83
Gorda, 136, 380
Huantamó, 317

Pyrophorus luminosus, 32

Quadrupeds, fossil, 83, 136, 141, 164, 182
large, do not require luxuriant vegetation, 89
weight of, 91

Quartz of the Ventana, 122
of Tapalguen, 122
of Falkland Island, 207

Quedius, 10

Quellaypo volcano, 312

Quilimari, 362

Quillota, valley of, 270

Quinchao Island, 296

Quintero, 270

Quiriquina Island, 324

Quoy and Gaimard on stinging corals, 493
on coral-reefs, 505

Rabbit, wild, at the Falkland Islands, 203

Rain at Coquimbo, 361, 371, 372
at Rio, 30
effects on vegetation, 361
and earthquakes, 375

in Chile, formerly more abundant, 381
in Peru, 389, 390

Rana Mascariensis, 407

Rat, only aboriginal animal of New Zealand, 455

Rats at Galapagos, 403
at Keeling Island, 485
at Ascension, 523

Rattlesnake, species with allied habit, 100

Red snow, 345

Reduvius, 352

Reef at Pernambuco of sandstone, 529

Reefs of coral, 495 to 512
barrier, 498, 504
fringing, 501

Reeks, Mr., analysis of salt, 68
bones, 164
salt and shells, 394

Remains, human, elevated, 394

Remedies of the Gauchos, 135

Rengger on the horse, 247

Reptiles absent in Tierra del Fuego, 252
at Galapagos, 407

Respiration difficult in Andes, 344

Retrospect, 51

Revolutions at Buenos Ayres, 149

Rhea Darwinii (Avestruz Petise), 110

Rhinoceroses live in desert countries, 92
frozen, 93, 264

Rhynchops nigra, 145, 146

Richardson, Dr., on mice of North America, 404
on frozen soil, 92, 263
on eating fat, 123
on geographical distribution, 139
on polished rocks, 267

Rimsky atoll, 496

Rio de Janeiro, 19 to 39
Botofogo Bay, 19
Plata, 40
Negro, 65, 192
Colorado, 73
Sauce, 112
Salado, 124
S. Cruz, 187

River-bed, arched, 383

River-courses dry in America, 113

Rivers, power of, in wearing channels, 191, 339

Rocks burnished with ferruginous matter, 12

Rodents, number of, in America, 51, 189
fossil species of, 87

Rolor, General, 149

Rosas, General, 73, 116, 149

Rozario, 129, 133, 147, 153

Ruins of Callao, 391
of Indian buildings in Cordillera, 380, 382

Salado, Rio, 124

Saladillo river, 134

Salinas at the Galapagos Archipelago, 402
in Patagonia, 66, 177

Saline efflorescences, 81

Salt with vegetable food, 116
superficial crust of, 388
with elevated shells, 393

Salt-lakes, 68, 177, 402

San Carlos, 313
Nicolas, 133, 147
Felipe, 276
Pedro, 299
Pedro, forests of, 299
Lorenzo Island, 393

Sand-dunes, 78

Sand, hot from sun’s rays, at Galapagos Archipelago, 403
noise from friction of, 385

Sandstone of New South Wales, 465
reef of, 529

Sandwich Archipelago, no frogs at, 407
Land, 263

Santa Cruz, river of, 187

Santiago, Chile, 282

Sarmiento, Mount, 247, 256

Sauce, Rio, 112, 371

Saurophagus sulphureus, 55

Scarus eating corals, 494

Scelidotherium, 86

Scenery of Andes, 335 to 341

Scissor-beak, habits of, 145, 146

Scissor-tail, 147

Scoresby, Mr., on effects of snow on rocks, 340

Scorpions, cannibals, 165

Scrope, Mr., on earthquakes, 376

Scytalopus, 252, 308

Sea, open, inhabitants of, 172
phosphorescence of, 172
explosions in, 327

Sea-pen, habits of, 104, 212

Seals, number of, 303

Seaweed, growth of, 253

Seeds transported by sea, 418, 484

Serpulæ, 529

Sertularia, protecting reef, 494

Shark killed by Diodon, 14

Shaw, Dr., on lion’s flesh, 122

Sheep, infected, 464

Shelley, lines on Mont Blanc, 178

Shells, land, in great numbers, 368
elevated, 86, 137, 180, 343, 367, 395
tropical forms of, far south, 258
fossil, of Cordillera, 343
decomposition of, with salt, 393
of Galapagos, 416
at St. Helena, 519

Shepherd’s dogs, 159

Shingle-bed of Patagonia, 78, 189

Shongi, New Zealand chief, 447

Siberia compared with Patagonia, 69
zoology of, related to North America, 140

Siberian animals, how preserved in ice, 264
food necessary during their existence, 93, 96

Sierra de la Ventana, 112
Tapalguen, 119

Silicified trees, 354, 376

Silurian formations at Falkland Islands, 207

Silurus, habits of, 144

Sivatherium, 155

Skunks, 83

Slavery, 20, 25, 530

Smelling power of carrion-hawks, 195

Smith, Dr. Andrew, on the support of large quadrupeds, 88
on perforated pebbles, 158

Snake, venomous, 100

Snow, effects of, on rocks, 340
prismatic structure of, 347
red, 345

Snow-line on Cordillera, 259, 358, 347

Socêgo, 23

Society, state of, in La Plata, 42, 165
state of, in Australia, 471, 474
Archipelago, 440
volcanic phenomena at, 505, 510

Soda, nitrate of, 388
sulphate of, 81

Soil, frozen, 92, 263

South American bit, 338

Spawn on surface of sea, 17

Species, distribution of, 136, 391
extinction of, 182

Spiders, habits of, 37 to 39
gossamer, 169
killed by and killing wasps, 37 to 39
on Keeling Island, 485
on St. Paul’s, 10

Spurs of Guaso, 275

Springs, hot, 281

Stevenson, Mr., on growth of seaweed, 253

St. Helena, 517
Jago, C. Verds, 1
    unhealthiness of, 390
Paul’s rocks, 8
Fé, 135

Maria, elevated, 333, 338
introduction of spirits into, 439
Louis, Mauritius, 513

Stinging animals, 493

Stones perforated, 158, 285
transported in roots, 490

Storm, 223, 300
in Cordillera, 338, 374

Streams of stones at Falkland Islands, 207

Strongylus, 34

Struthio rhea, 44, 94
Darwinii, 97

Strzelecki, Count, 476

Suadiva atoll, 496

Subsidence of coral-reefs, 495 to 512
of Patagonia, 180
of Cordillera, 343, 355
of Coasts of Chile, 354
cause of distinctness in Tertiary epochs, 367
of coast of Peru, 379
of Keeling Island, 496, 504
of Vanikoro, 504
of coral-reefs great in amount, 509

Sulphate of lime, 69, 180, 386
soda with common salt, 69, 81, 386
soda incrusting the ground, 81

Swainson, Mr., on cuckoos, 54

Sydney, 459

Tabanus, 180

Tahiti (Otaheite), 429
three zones of fertility, 432
Fatahua fall, 436
Christianity in, 437, 441

Tahitian, 438

Talcahuano, 311, 324

Tambillos, Ruinas de, 380

Tameness of birds, 425

Tandeel, pumas at, 287

Tapacolo and Turco, 288

Tapalguen, Sierra, flat hills of quartz, 122

Tarn, Mount, 249

Tasmania, 474

Tattooing, 430, 439

Temperance of the Tahitians, 438

Temperature of Tierra del Fuego and Falkland Islands, 244
of Galapagos, 399, 403

Tercero, Rio, fossils in banks of, 134

Terraces in valleys of Cordillera, 337
of Patagonia, 181, 190
of Coquimbo, 367

Tertiary formations of the Pampas, 86, 136, 165
of Patagonia, 180, 349
in Chile, epochs of, 368

Teru-tero, habits of, 120

Testudo, two species of, 420
Abingdonii, 397
nigra, habits of, 408

Theory of lagoon-islands, 499

Theristicus melanops, 175

Thistle beds, 125, 130, 157

Thunder-storms, 63

Ti, liliaceous plant, 437

Tierra del Fuego, 215 to 257
climate and vegetation of, 250, 257
zoology of, 251
entomology of, 253

Tinamus rufescens, 119

Tinochorus rumicivorus, 98

Toad, habits of, 101
not found in oceanic islands, 407

Torrents in Cordillera, 338, 343

Tortoise, habits of, 408, 420

Toxodon, 86, 134, 137, 164

Transparency of air in Andes, 358
in St. Jago, 4

Transport of boulders, 190, 262
of fragments of rock on banks of the St. Cruz river, 190
of seeds, 418, 484
of stones in roots of trees, 491

Travertin with leaves of trees, Van Diemen’s Land, 479

Tree-ferns, 478
southern limits of, 258

Trees, absence of, in Pampas, 48
time required to rot, 322
silicified, vertical, 376
size of, 377
floating, transport stones, 490

Tres Montes, 301

Trichodesmium, 15

Trigonocephalus, 100

Tristan d’Acunha, 426, 485

Trochilus forficatus, 268

Tropical scenery, 526

Tschudi, M., on subsidence, 393

Tubes, siliceous, formed by lightning, 61

Tucutuco, habits of, 52
fossil species of, 87

Tuff, craters of, 398
infusoria in, 525

Tupungato, volcano of, 347

Turco, El, 288

Turkey buzzard, 60, 192, 303

Turtle, manner of catching, 488

Type of organisation in Galapagos Islands, American, 423

Types of organisation in different countries, constant, 182

Tyrannus savana, 147

Ulloa on hydrophobia, 377
on Indian buildings, 380

Unanùe, Dr., on hydrophobia, 377

Uruguay, Rio, 147, 152
not crossed by the Bizcacha, 131

Uspallata range and pass, 353

Vacas, Rio, 355

Valdivia, 318
forests of, 319, 322

Valley of St. Cruz, how excavated, 190
dry, at Copiapó, 380

Valleys, excavation of, in Chile, 343, 383
of New South Wales, 46
in Cordillera, 343
of Tahiti, 437, 439

Valparaiso, 268, 335

Vampire bat, 22, 23

Van Diemen’s Land, 474

Vanellus cayanus, 120

Vanessa, flocks of, 168

Vanikoro, 500, 504

Vapour from forests, 25

Vegetation of St. Helena, changes of, 519
luxuriant, not necessary to support large animals, 89
on opposite sides of Cordillera, 349

Ventana, Sierra, 71, 112

Verbena melindres, 42

Vilipilli, 315

Villa Vicencio, 353

Villarica volcano, 332

Virgin forest, 25

Virgularia Patagonica, 104

Volcanic bombs, 524
cellular formation of, 524
islands, 8
phenomena, 331

Volcanoes near Chiloe, 294, 300, 312, 332
their presence determined by elevation or subsidence, 496

Vultur aura, 60, 192, 303

Waders, first colonists of distant islands, 405

Waimate, New Zealand, 452

Waiomio, 456

Walckenaer on spiders, 39

Walleechu tree, 71

Wasps preying on spiders and killed by, 37 to 39

Water-hog (Hydrochærus capybara), 51

Water-serpents, 103

Water sold at Iquique, 386

Water, fresh, floating on salt, 41, 487

Waterhouse, Mr., on Rodents, 51, 485
on the niata ox, 156
on the insects of Tierra del Fuego, 253
of Galapagos, 406, 417
on the terrestrial mammals of Galapagos, 403

Waves caused by fall of ice, 237, 260
from earthquakes, 326, 330

Weather, connection with earthquakes, 375

Weatherboard, N.S. Wales, 465

Weeds in New Zealand, imported, 455

Weight of large quadrupeds, 88

Wellington, Mount, 477

Wells, ebbing and flowing, 487
at Iquique, 388

West Indies, banks of sediment, 468
zoology of, 143
coral-reefs of, 502, 510

Whales, oil from, 17
leaping out of water, 236

White, Mr., on spiders, 36

Whitsunday Island, 495, 497

Wigwam cove, 223, 228

Wigwams of Fuegians, 151, 224

Williams, Rev. Mr., on infectious disorders, 452, 463

Winds, dry, in Tierra del Fuego, 245
at the Cape Verds, 3
on Cordillera, 345

cold, on Cordillera, 384

Winter’s Bark, 250, 299

Wolf at the Falklands, 204

Wollaston Island, 224, 244

Wood, Captain, on the Agouti, 72

Woollya, 239

Yaquil gold mines, 283

Yeso, Valle del, 341

York Minster, 215, 227, 241, 294

Zonotrichia, 54

Zoological provinces of N. and S. America, 140

Zoology of Galapagos, 403
of Tierra del Fuego, 251
of Chonos Islands, 306
of Keeling Island, 485
of St. Helena, 520

Zoophytes, 104, 211
at Falkland Islands, 210

Zorillo, or skunk, 83

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Last updated Friday, March 7, 2014 at 15:53