Joseph Conrad, 1857-1924

Portrait

Biographical note

Polish-born writer of English fiction.

Conrad is regarded as one of the great novelists in English. He wrote stories and novels, predominantly with a nautical setting, that depict trials of the human spirit by the demands of duty and honour. Conrad was a master prose stylist who brought a distinctly non-English tragic sensibility into English literature. His narrative style and anti-heroic characters have influenced many authors. His literary work bridges the classical literary tradition of writers such as Charles Dickens and Fyodor Dostoevsky and the emergent modernist schools of writing.

Of Conrad's novels, Lord Jim and Nostromo continue to be widely read, as set texts and for pleasure. The Secret Agent and Under Western Eyes are also considered to be among his finest books. Arguably Conrad's most influential work remains Heart of Darkness. The novella's depiction of a journey into the darkness of the human psyche, still resonates with modern readers.

Works

Novels

Short stories

  • Tales of Unrest [1898]
    • Karain: a Memory [written February–April 1897; published November 1897 in Blackwood's and collected in Tales of Unrest, 1898]
    • The Idiots [Conrad's first short story; written during his honeymoon, published in Savo 1896 and collected in Tales of Unrest, 1898]
    • An Outpost of Progress [written 1896; published in Cosmopolis 1897 and collected in Tales of Unrest 1898]
    • The Return [written circa early 1897; never published in magazine form; collected in Tales of Unrest, 1898]
    • The Lagoon [composed 1896; published in Cornhill Magazine 1897; collected in Tales of Unrest, 1898]
  • Youth [written in 1898; collected in Youth, a Narrative and Two Other Stories, 1902]
  • The End of the Tether [1902]
  • Amy Foster [composed in 1901; published in the Illustrated London News, December 1901, and collected in Typhoon and Other Stories, 1903].
  • Falk [written in early 1901; collected only in Typhoon and Other Stories, 1903].
  • To-morrow [written early 1902; serialized in Pall Mall Magazine, 1902 and collected in Typhoon and Other Stories, 1903].
  • The Black Mate [written in 1886; published 1908; posthumously collected in Tales of Hearsay, 1925]
  • A Set of Six [1908]
    • Gaspar Ruiz [written after "Nostromo" in 1904–05; published in Strand Magazine in 1906 and collected in A Set of Six, 1908. This story was the only piece of Conrad's fiction ever adapted by the author for cinema, as Gaspar the Strong Man, 1920]
    • The Informer [written before January 1906; published in December 1906 in Harper's and collected in A Set of Six, 1908]
    • The Brute [written in early 1906; published in The Daily Chronicle in December 1906; collected in A Set of Six, 1908]
    • An Anarchist [written in late 1905; serialized in Harper's in 1906; collected in A Set of Six, 1908]
    • The Duel ("The Point of Honor" [serialized in the UK in Pall Mall Magazine in early 1908]
    • Il Conde [Cassell's Magazine 1908; collected in A Set of Six, 1908]
  • A Smile of Fortune [written in mid-1910; published in London Magazine in February 1911; collected in ’Twixt Land and Sea 1912]
  • The Secret Sharer [written December 1909; published in Harper's in 1910 and collected in ’Twixt Land and Sea 1912]
  • Prince Roman [written 1910, published in 1911 in the Oxford and Cambridge Review; based upon the story of Prince Roman Sanguszko of Poland 1800–1881]
  • Freya of the Seven Isles [written late 1910–early 1911; published in Metropolitan Magazine and London Magazine in early 1912 and July 1912, respectively; collected in ’Twixt Land and Sea 1912]
  • The Partner [written in 1911; published in Within the Tides, 1915]
  • The Inn of the Two Witches [written in 1913; published in Within the Tides, 1915]
  • Because of the Dollars [written in 1914; published in Within the Tides, 1915]
  • The Planter of Malata [written in 1914; published in Within the Tides, 1915]
  • The Warrior's Soul [written late 1915–early 1916; published in Land and Water, in March 1917; collected in Tales of Hearsay, 1925]
  • The Tale [written 1916 and first published 1917 in Strand Magazine]

Non-fiction

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