The Canterbury Tales, by Geoffrey Chaucer

The Chanouns Yemannes Tale.

Here biginneth the Chanouns Yeman his Tale.

[Prima pars.]

720

With this chanoun I dwelt have seven yeer,

And of his science am I never the neer.

Al that I hadde, I have y-lost ther-by;

(170)

And god wot, so hath many mo than I.

Ther I was wont to be right fresh and gay

725

Of clothing and of other good array,

Now may I were an hose upon myn heed;

And wher my colour was bothe fresh and reed,

Now is it wan and of a leden hewe;

Who-so it useth, sore shal he rewe.

730

And of my swink yet blered is myn yë,

Lo! which avantage is to multiplye!

That slyding science hath me maad so bare,

(180)

That I have no good, wher that ever I fare;

And yet I am endetted so ther-by

735

Of gold that I have borwed, trewely,

That whyl I live, I shal it quyte never.

Lat every man be war by me for ever!

What maner man that casteth him ther-to,

If he continue, I holde his thrift y-do.

740

So helpe me god, ther-by shal he nat winne,

But empte his purs, and make his wittes thinne.

And whan he, thurgh his madnes and folye,

(190)

Hath lost his owene good thurgh Iupartye,

Thanne he excyteth other folk ther-to,

745

To lese hir good as he him-self hath do.

For unto shrewes Ioye it is and ese

To have hir felawes in peyne and disese;

Thus was I ones lerned of a clerk.

Of that no charge, I wol speke of our werk.

728. E. omits a.   740. E. Pt. Ln. Hl. For so; but Cp. omits For.

750

 Whan we been ther as we shul exercyse

Our elvish craft, we semen wonder wyse,

Our termes been so clergial and so queynte.

(200)

I blowe the fyr til that myn herte feynte.

 What sholde I tellen ech proporcioun

755

Of thinges whiche that we werche upon,

As on fyve or sixe ounces, may wel be,

Of silver or som other quantite,

And bisie me to telle yow the names

Of orpiment, brent bones, yren squames,

760

That into poudre grounden been ful smal?

And in an erthen potte how put is al,

And salt y-put in, and also papeer,

(210)

Biforn thise poudres that I speke of heer,

And wel y-covered with a lampe of glas,

765

And mochel other thing which that ther was?

And of the pot and glasses enluting,

That of the eyre mighte passe out no-thing?

And of the esy fyr and smart also,

Which that was maad, and of the care and wo

770

That we hadde in our matires sublyming,

And in amalgaming and calcening

Of quik-silver, y-clept Mercurie crude?

(220)

For alle our sleightes we can nat conclude.

Our orpiment and sublymed Mercurie,

775

Our grounden litarge eek on the porphurie,

Of ech of thise of ounces a certeyn

Nought helpeth us, our labour is in veyn.

Ne eek our spirites ascencioun,

Ne our materes that lyen al fixe adoun,

780

Mowe in our werking no-thing us avayle.

For lost is al our labour and travayle,

And al the cost, a twenty devel weye,

(230)

Is lost also, which we upon it leye.

761. E. omits how.   762. E. Cm. papeer; Ln. papere; Lich. papire; Cp. Pt. Hl. paupere. (Tyrwhitt reads pepere.)   764. The Mss. have lampe, laumpe, lamp.   767. Lich. Pt. eyre; Ln. eyere; E. eyr; Cm. ayr; Cp. Hl. aier.   775. E. in; Cm. &; rest on.   776. E. And; rest Of.   782. E. Cm. a; Ln. in; rest on.   782, 3. Cm. Pt. Ln. weye, leye; rest way, lay.

 Ther is also ful many another thing

785

That is unto our craft apertening;

Though I by ordre hem nat reherce can,

By-cause that I am a lewed man,

Yet wol I telle hem as they come to minde,

Though I ne can nat sette hem in hir kinde;

790

As bole armoniak, verdegrees, boras,

And sondry vessels maad of erthe and glas,

Our urinales and our descensories,

(240)

Violes, croslets, and sublymatories,

Cucurbites, and alembykes eek,

795

And othere swiche, dere y-nough a leek.

Nat nedeth it for to reherce hem alle,

Watres rubifying and boles galle,

Arsenik, sal armoniak, and brimstoon;

And herbes coude I telle eek many oon,

800

As egremoine, valerian, and lunarie,

And othere swiche, if that me liste tarie.

Our lampes brenning bothe night and day,

(250)

To bringe aboute our craft, if that we may.

Our fourneys eek of calcinacioun,

805

And of watres albificacioun,

Unslekked lym, chalk, and gleyre of an ey,

Poudres diverse, asshes, dong, pisse, and cley,

Cered pokets, sal peter, vitriole;

And divers fyres maad of wode and cole;

810

Sal tartre, alkaly, and sal preparat,

And combust materes and coagulat,

Cley maad with hors or mannes heer, and oile

(260)

Of tartre, alum, glas, berm, wort, and argoile,

Resalgar, and our materes enbibing;

815

And eek of our materes encorporing,

And of our silver citrinacioun,

Our cementing and fermentacioun,

Our ingottes, testes, and many mo.

790. E. vertgrees; Li. Cm. Cp. Hl. verdegres; Pt. verdegrees.   792. E. Li. Hl. vrinals; Cm. vrynallis; Cp. Pt. vrinales.   803. E. purpos if; rest craft if that.   806. The Mss. all retain an.   808. Miswritten pottes in E.; Hl. poketts.   812. E. and; rest or.   813. Accent alum on the u.   817. E. And of oure; rest omit And of.

 I wol yow telle, as was me taught also,

820

The foure spirites and the bodies sevene,

By ordre, as ofte I herde my lord hem nevene.

The firste spirit quik-silver called is,

(270)

The second orpiment, the thridde, y-wis,

Sal armoniak, and the ferthe brimstoon.

825

The bodies sevene eek, lo! hem heer anoon:

Sol gold is, and Luna silver we threpe,

Mars yren, Mercurie quik-silver we clepe,

Saturnus leed, and Iupiter is tin,

And Venus coper, by my fader kin!

820. E. seuene; rest foure.

830

 This cursed craft who-so wol exercyse,

He shal no good han that him may suffyse;

For al the good he spendeth ther-aboute,

(280)

He lese shal, ther-of have I no doute.

Who-so that listeth outen his folye,

835

Lat him come forth, and lerne multiplye;

And every man that oght hath in his cofre,

Lat him appere, and wexe a philosofre.

Ascaunce that craft is so light to lere?

Nay, nay, god woot, al be he monk or frere,

840

Preest or chanoun, or any other wight,

Though he sitte at his book bothe day and night,

In lernyng of this elvish nyce lore,

(290)

Al is in veyn, and parde, mochel more!

To lerne a lewed man this subtiltee,

845

Fy! spek nat ther-of, for it wol nat be;

Al conne he letterure, or conne he noon,

As in effect, he shal finde it al oon.

For bothe two, by my savacioun,

Concluden, in multiplicacioun,

850

Y-lyke wel, whan they han al y-do;

This is to seyn, they faylen bothe two.

834. E. omits so.   836. E. oght hath; rest hath oght (ought).   838. E. Cm. Hl. Askauns; Ln. Ascance; rest Ascaunce.   846. E. Cm. And; rest Al.

 Yet forgat I to maken rehersaille

(300)

Of watres corosif and of limaille,

And of bodyes mollificacioun,

855

And also of hir induracioun,

Oiles, ablucions, and metal fusible,

To tellen al wolde passen any bible

That o-wher is; wherfor, as for the beste,

Of alle thise names now wol I me reste.

860

For, as I trowe, I have yow told y-nowe

To reyse a feend, al loke he never so rowe.

860, 861. E. Pt. Hl. ynowe, rowe; Li. ynogh, rogh; Cm. I-nogh, rogh; Cp. ynough, rough.

 A! nay! lat be; the philosophres stoon,

(310)

Elixir clept, we sechen faste echoon;

For hadde we him, than were we siker y-now.

865

But, unto god of heven I make avow,

For al our craft, whan we han al y-do,

And al our sleighte, he wol nat come us to.

He hath y-maad us spenden mochel good,

For sorwe of which almost we wexen wood,

870

But that good hope crepeth in our herte,

Supposinge ever, though we sore smerte,

To be releved by him afterward;

(320)

Swich supposing and hope is sharp and hard;

I warne yow wel, it is to seken ever;

875

That futur temps hath maad men to dissever,

In trust ther-of, from al that ever they hadde.

Yet of that art they can nat wexen sadde,

For unto hem it is a bitter swete;

So semeth it; for nadde they but a shete

880

Which that they mighte wrappe hem inne a-night,

And a bak to walken inne by day-light,

They wolde hem selle and spenden on this craft;

(330)

They can nat stinte til no-thing be laft.

And evermore, wher that ever they goon,

885

Men may hem knowe by smel of brimstoon;

For al the world, they stinken as a goot;

Her savour is so rammish and so hoot,

That, though a man from hem a myle be,

The savour wol infecte him, trusteth me;

890

Lo, thus by smelling and threedbare array,

If that men liste, this folk they knowe may.

And if a man wol aske hem prively,

(340)

Why they been clothed so unthriftily,

They right anon wol rownen in his ere,

895

And seyn, that if that they espyed were,

Men wolde hem slee, by-cause of hir science;

Lo, thus this folk bitrayen innocence!

864. we (2)] E. it.   867. E. With; rest And.   868. Cm. I-mad vs; Hl. I-made vs; E. maad vs; rest vs made.   871. E. omits euer.   875. Cm. to; rest omit.   880. E. Inne at; rest in a.   881. E. brat; rest bak.   882. E. Li. the; rest this.   888. E. a Mile from hem; rest from hem a myle.   889. E. truste; rest trusteth.   890. E. And; rest Lo.   E. smel; rest smellyng.

 Passe over this; I go my tale un-to.

Er than the pot be on the fyr y-do,

900

Of metals with a certein quantite,

My lord hem tempreth, and no man but he —

Now he is goon, I dar seyn boldely —

(350)

For, as men seyn, he can don craftily;

Algate I wool wel he hath swich a name,

905

And yet ful ofte he renneth in a blame;

And wite ye how? ful ofte it happeth so,

The pot to-breketh, and farewel! al is go!

Thise metals been of so greet violence,

Our walles mowe nat make hem resistence,

910

But if they weren wroght of lym and stoon;

They percen so, and thurgh the wal they goon,

And somme of hem sinken in-to the ground —

(360)

Thus han we lost by tymes many a pound —

And somme are scatered al the floor aboute,

915

Somme lepe in-to the roof; with-outen doute,

Though that the feend noght in our sighte him shewe,

I trowe he with us be, that ilke shrewe!

In helle wher that he is lord and sire,

Nis ther more wo, ne more rancour ne ire.

920

Whan that our pot is broke, as I have sayd,

Every man chit, and halt him yvel apayd.

899. E. Ln. Lich. that; rest than.   902. dar] E. Ln. dare.   905. E. oft.   912. E. Cm. synke; rest sinken.   915. E. lepte; rest lepe, lepen.   918. E. lord is; rest is lord.   919. So E. Cm.; rest Nis ther no more wo ne anger ne ire.

 Som seyde, it was long on the fyr-making,

(370)

Som seyde, nay! it was on the blowing;

(Than was I fered, for that was myn office);

925

‘Straw!’ quod the thridde, ‘ye been lewed and nyce,

It was nat tempred as it oghte be.’

‘Nay!’ quod the ferthe, ‘stint, and herkne me;

By-cause our fyr ne was nat maad of beech,

That is the cause, and other noon, so theech!’

930

I can nat telle wher-on it was long,

But wel I wot greet stryf is us among.

922. E. Cm. along; rest long.   927. E. fourthe; see l. 824.   930. Cm. Hl. long; rest along; see l. 922.   931. E. vs is; rest is vs.

 ‘What!’ quod my lord, ‘ther is na-more to done,

(380)

Of thise perils I wol be war eft-sone;

I am right siker that the pot was crased.

935

Be as be may, be ye no-thing amased;

As usage is, lat swepe the floor as swythe,

Plukke up your hertes, and beth gladde and blythe.’

 The mullok on an hepe y-sweped was,

And on the floor y-cast a canevas,

940

And al this mullok in a sive y-throwe,

And sifted, and y-piked many a throwe.

938. Cm. I-swepid; Ln. yswepped; E. sweped; Cp. Pt. Hl. yswoped.

 ‘Pardee,’ quod oon, ‘somwhat of our metal

(390)

Yet is ther heer, though that we han nat al.

Al-though this thing mishapped have as now,

945

Another tyme it may be wel y-now,

Us moste putte our good in aventure;

A marchant, parde! may nat ay endure,

Trusteth me wel, in his prosperitee;

Somtyme his good is drenched in the see,

950

And somtym comth it sauf un-to the londe.’

 ‘Pees!’ quod my lord, ‘the next tyme I wol fonde

To bringe our craft al in another plyte;

(400)

And but I do, sirs, lat me han the wyte;

Ther was defaute in som-what, wel I woot.’

951. E. shal; rest wol, wil, wele.   952. E. bryngen; rest bringe.   953. E. omits sirs.

955

 Another seyde, the fyr was over hoot:—

But, be it hoot or cold, I dar seye this,

That we concluden evermore amis.

We fayle of that which that we wolden have,

And in our madnesse evermore we rave.

960

And whan we been togidres everichoon,

Every man semeth a Salomon.

But al thing which that shyneth as the gold

(410)

Nis nat gold, as that I have herd it told;

Ne every appel that is fair at yë

965

Ne is nat good, what-so men clappe or crye.

Right so, lo! fareth it amonges us;

He that semeth the wysest, by Iesus!

Is most fool, whan it cometh to the preef;

And he that semeth trewest is a theef;

970

That shul ye knowe, er that I fro yow wende,

By that I of my tale have maad an ende.

Explicit prima pars. Et sequitur pars secunda.

956. E. And; rest But.   962. E. euery; rest al, alle.   Cm. schynyth; Ln. schyneth; Hl. schineth; E. seineth; Cp. semeth.   963. Cp. Pt. Ln. it; E. Cm. Hl. omit it.   964. E. to; rest at.   965. E. Nis; rest Ne is.   966. E. omits lo.   967. E. Cm. wiseste; rest wisest.   972. E. was; rest is. Cf. l. 987.

 Ther is a chanoun of religioun

(420)

Amonges us, wolde infecte al a toun,

Though it as greet were as was Ninivee,

975

Rome, Alisaundre, Troye, and othere three.

His sleightes and his infinit falsnesse

Ther coude no man wryten, as I gesse,

Thogh that he mighte liven a thousand yeer.

In al this world of falshede nis his peer;

980

For in his termes so he wolde him winde,

And speke his wordes in so sly a kinde,

Whan he commune shal with any wight,

(430)

That he wol make him doten anon right,

But it a feend be, as him-selven is.

985

Ful many a man hath he bigyled er this,

And wol, if that he live may a whyle;

And yet men ryde and goon ful many a myle

Him for to seke and have his aqueyntaunce,

Noght knowinge of his false governaunce.

990

And if yow list to yeve me audience,

I wol it tellen heer in your presence.

976. E. sleighte; Hl. sleight; rest sleightes.   978. E. lyne myghte; rest myghte lyuen.   979. E. nas; Ln. ne is; rest nis, nys.   991. Cp. Pt. Ln. tellen; rest telle.

 But worshipful chanouns religious,

(440)

Ne demeth nat that I sclaundre your hous,

Al-though my tale of a chanoun be.

995

Of every ordre som shrewe is, parde,

And god forbede that al a companye

Sholde rewe a singuler mannes folye.

To sclaundre yow is no-thing myn entente,

But to correcten that is mis I mente.

1000

This tale was nat only told for yow,

But eek for othere mo; ye woot wel how

That, among Cristes apostelles twelve,

(450)

Ther nas no traytour but Iudas him-selve.

Than why sholde al the remenant have blame

1005

That giltlees were? by yow I seye the same.

Save only this, if ye wol herkne me,

If any Iudas in your covent be,

Remeveth him bitymes, I yow rede,

If shame or los may causen any drede.

1010

And beth no-thing displesed, I yow preye,

But in this cas herkneth what I shal seye.

993. E. desclaundre; rest sclaundre; see l. 998.   994. E. Al-though that; rest omit that.   997. E. o; rest a.   1002. Cm. apostellis; Li. aposteles; E. apostles.   1004. E. Hl. a blame; rest omit a.   1008. Cm. Remeuyth; E. Remoeueth.   1011. E. herketh.

 In London was a preest, an annueleer,

(460)

That therin dwelled hadde many a yeer,

Which was so plesaunt and so servisable

1015

Unto the wyf, wher-as he was at table,

That she wolde suffre him no-thing for to paye

For bord ne clothing, wente he never so gaye;

And spending-silver hadde he right y-now.

Therof no fors; I wol precede as now,

1020

And telle forth my tale of the chanoun,

That broghte this preest to confusioun.

1012. E. omits an.   1013. E. had dwelled; rest dwelled hadde (or had).

 This false chanoun cam up-on a day

(470)

Unto this preestes chambre, wher he lay,

Biseching him to lene him a certeyn

1025

Of gold, and he wolde quyte it him ageyn.

‘Lene me a mark,’ quod he, ‘but dayes three,

And at my day I wol it quyten thee.

And if so be that thou me finde fals,

Another day do hange me by the hals!’

1030

 This preest him took a mark, and that as swythe,

And this chanoun him thanked ofte sythe,

And took his leve, and wente forth his weye,

(480)

And at the thridde day broghte his moneye,

And to the preest he took his gold agayn,

1035

Wherof this preest was wonder glad and fayn.

 ‘Certes,’ quod he, ‘no-thing anoyeth me

To lene a man a noble, or two or three,

Or what thing were in my possessioun,

Whan he so trewe is of condicioun,

1040

That in no wyse he breke wol his day;

To swich a man I can never seye nay.’

 ‘What!’ quod this chanoun, ‘sholde I be untrewe?

(490)

Nay, that were thing y-fallen al of-newe.

Trouthe is a thing that I wol ever kepe

1045

Un-to that day in which that I shal crepe

In-to my grave, and elles god forbede;

Bileveth this as siker as is your crede.

God thanke I, and in good tyme be it sayd,

That ther was never man yet yvel apayd

1050

For gold ne silver that he to me lente,

Ne never falshede in myn herte I mente.

And sir,’ quod he, ‘now of my privetee,

(500)

Sin ye so goodlich han been un-to me,

And kythed to me so greet gentillesse,

1055

Somwhat to quyte with your kindenesse,

I wol yow shewe, and, if yow list to lere,

I wol yow teche pleynly the manere,

How I can werken in philosophye.

Taketh good heed, ye shul wel seen at yë,

1060

That I wol doon a maistrie er I go.’

1043. E. Cm. a thyng; rest omit a.   1045. E. Ln. In-to; rest Vn-to.   1046. E. or; rest and.   1047. E. the; Hl. your; rest is your.   1056. E. if that; rest and if (or yif.)   1059. Cp. Hl. heed; E. Li. heede.

 ‘Ye,’ quod the preest, ‘ye, sir, and wol ye so?

Marie! ther-of I pray yow hertely!’

1061. After sir, E. wrongly inserts quod he.

(510)

 ‘At your comandement, sir, trewely,’

Quod the chanoun, ‘and elles god forbede!’

1065

 Lo, how this theef coude his servyse bede!

Ful sooth it is, that swich profred servyse

Stinketh, as witnessen thise olde wyse;

And that ful sone I wol it verifye

In this chanoun, rote of al trecherye,

1070

That ever-more delyt hath and gladnesse —

Swich feendly thoughtes in his herte impresse —

How Cristes peple he may to meschief bringe;

(520)

God kepe us from his fals dissimulinge!

1073. E. Cm. false; rest fals.

 Noght wiste this preest with whom that he delte,

1075

Ne of his harm cominge he no-thing felte.

O sely preest! o sely innocent!

With coveityse anon thou shall be blent!

O gracelees, ful blind is thy conceit,

No-thing ne artow war of the deceit

1080

Which that this fox y-shapen hath to thee!

His wyly wrenches thou ne mayst nat flee.

Wherfor, to go to the conclusioun

(530)

That refereth to thy confusioun,

Unhappy man! anon I wol me hye

1085

To tellen thyn unwit and thy folye,

And eek the falsnesse of that other wrecche,

As ferforth as that my conning may strecche.

1078, 1079. Hn. Hl. conceyt, deceyt; E. conceite, deceite.   1080. E. for; rest to.   1085. E. his; Cm. heigh; rest thy.   1087. Cm. that, which seems required; rest omit.

 This chanoun was my lord, ye wolden wene?

Sir host, in feith, and by the hevenes quene,

1090

It was another chanoun, and nat he,

That can an hundred fold more subtiltee!

He hath bitrayed folkes many tyme;

(540)

Of his falshede it dulleth me to ryme.

Ever whan that I speke of his falshede,

1095

For shame of him my chekes wexen rede;

Algates, they biginnen for to glowe,

For reednesse have I noon, right wel I knowe,

In my visage; for fumes dyverse

Of metals, which ye han herd me reherce,

1100

Consumed and wasted han my reednesse.

Now tak heed of this chanouns cursednesse!

1101. E. heede; Hl. heed; Cm. hed.

 ‘Sir,’ quod he to the preest, ‘lat your man gon

(550)

For quik-silver, that we it hadde anon;

And lat him bringen ounces two or three;

1105

And whan he comth, as faste shul ye see

A wonder thing, which ye saugh never er this.’

1103. E. Cm. hadde it; rest it hadde.   1106. Cm. Cp. say; E. saugh.

 ‘Sir,’ quod the preest, ‘it shall be doon, y-wis.’

He bad his servant fecchen him this thing,

And he al redy was at his bidding,

1110

And wente him forth, and cam anon agayn

With this quik-silver, soothly for to sayn,

And took thise ounces three to the chanoun;

(560)

And he hem leyde fayre and wel adoun,

And bad the servant coles for to bringe,

1115

That he anon mighte go to his werkinge.

1111. E. Cm. soothly; rest schortly.   1112. Hl. took; E. toke.   1113. E. Cm. hem; rest it.

 The coles right anon weren y-fet,

And this chanoun took out a crosselet

Of his bosom, and shewed it the preest.

‘This instrument,’ quod he, ‘which that thou seest,

1120

Tak in thyn hand, and put thy-self ther-inne

Of this quik-silver an ounce, and heer biginne,

In the name of Crist, to wexe a philosofre.

(570)

Ther been ful fewe, whiche that I wolde profre

To shewen hem thus muche of my science.

1125

For ye shul seen heer, by experience,

That this quik-silver wol I mortifye

Right in your sighte anon, withouten lye,

And make it as good silver and as fyn

As ther is any in your purs or myn,

1130

Or elleswher, and make it malliable;

And elles, holdeth me fals and unable

Amonges folk for ever to appere!

(580)

I have a poudre heer, that coste me dere,

Shal make al good, for it is cause of al

1135

My conning, which that I yow shewen shal.

Voydeth your man, and lat him be ther-oute,

And shet the dore, whyls we been aboute

Our privetee, that no man us espye

Whyls that we werke in this philosophye.’

1140

Al as he bad, fulfilled was in dede,

This ilke servant anon-right out yede,

And his maister shette the dore anon,

(590)

And to hir labour speedily they gon.

1118. E. to the; rest omit to.   1120. Hl. Cp. Tak; E. Taake.   1123. E. to whiche; Cm. to whiche that; rest whiche that.   1127. E. I wol nat; Hl. with-outen; Cm. with-outyn; the rest withoute (or without.)   1128. E. omits it.   1135. E. to yow; rest omit to.   1137. Hl. Cp. Pt. schitte.

 This preest, at this cursed chanouns bidding,

1145

Up-on the fyr anon sette this thing,

And blew the fyr, and bisied him ful faste;

And this chanoun in-to the croslet caste

A poudre, noot I wher-of that it was

Y-maad, other of chalk, other of glas,

1150

Or som-what elles, was nat worth a flye,

To blynde with the preest; and bad him hye

The coles for to couchen al above

(600)

The croslet, ‘for, in tokening I thee love,’

Quod this chanoun, ‘thyn owene hondes two

1155

Shul werche al thing which that shal heer be do.’

1147. Cm. Hl. croslet; E. Li. crosselet. So in 1153.   1149. other (2)] E. Li. or: Pt. or ellis.   1155. Cm. Hl. that; E. om.; rest as.   E. Cm. heer; rest om.

 ‘Graunt mercy,’ quod the preest, and was ful glad,

And couched coles as the chanoun bad.

And whyle he bisy was, this feendly wrecche,

This fals chanoun, the foule feend him fecche!

1160

Out of his bosom took a bechen cole,

In which ful subtilly was maad an hole,

And ther-in put was of silver lymaille

(610)

An ounce, and stopped was, with-outen fayle,

The hole with wex, to kepe the lymail in.

1165

And understondeth, that this false gin

Was nat maad ther, but it was maad bifore;

And othere thinges I shal telle more

Herafterward, which that he with him broghte;

Er he cam ther, him to bigyle he thoghte,

1170

And so he dide, er that they wente a-twinne;

Til he had torned him, coude he not blinne.

It dulleth me whan that I of him speke,

(620)

On his falshede fayn wolde I me wreke,

If I wiste how; but he is heer and ther:

1175

He is so variaunt, he abit no-wher.

1157. E. Cm. cole; rest coles. E. that; Cm. that the; rest the.   1159. Li. Pt. Ln. fals; rest false.   1160. E. he took; rest omit he.   1162, 1164. E. lemaille; but Cm. lymayle, lymayl; see l. 853.   1171. E. terned; Cm. ternede; rest torned, turned.   E. he coude.   1175. E. Cp. that he; rest omit that.

 But taketh heed now, sirs, for goddes love!

He took his cole of which I spak above,

And in his hond he baar it prively.

And whyls the preest couchede busily

1180

The coles, as I tolde yow er this,

This chanoun seyde, ‘freend, ye doon amis;

This is nat couched as it oghte be;

(630)

But sone I shal amenden it,’ quod he.

‘Now lat me medle therwith but a whyle,

1185

For of yow have I pitee, by seint Gyle!

Ye been right hoot, I see wel how ye swete,

Have heer a cloth, and wype awey the wete.’

And whyles that the preest wyped his face,

This chanoun took his cole with harde grace,

1190

And leyde it above, up-on the middeward

Of the croslet, and blew wel afterward,

Til that the coles gonne faste brenne.

1177. E. this; rest his; see l. 1189.   1179. Cm. couchede; Cp. couchide; rest couched.   1188. Cm. Pt. whilis; Hl. Lichf. whiles; E. whils.   1189. So E.; Cm. with sory grace (see l. 665). Most Mss. have. I shrewe his face, and make l. 1188 end with him wyped has.   1190. E. has aboue vp on; Cm. the same, but omitting it; Hl. abouen on; the rest vpon abouen.   1191. Cm. Hl. croslet; E. Cp. crosselet.

(640)

 ‘Now yeve us drinke,’ quod the chanoun thenne,

‘As swythe al shal be wel, I undertake;

1195

Sitte we doun, and lat us mery make.’

And whan that this chanounes bechen cole

Was brent, al the lymaille, out of the hole,

Into the croslet fil anon adoun;

And so it moste nedes, by resoun,

1200

Sin it so even aboven couched was;

But ther-of wiste the preest no-thing, alas!

He demed alle the coles y-liche good,

(650)

For of the sleighte he no-thing understood.

And whan this alkamistre saugh his tyme,

1205

‘Rys up,’ quod he, ‘sir preest, and stondeth by me;

And for I woot wel ingot have ye noon,

Goth, walketh forth, and bring us a chalk-stoon;

For I wol make oon of the same shap

That is an ingot, if I may han hap.

1210

And bringeth eek with yow a bolle or a panne,

Ful of water, and ye shul see wel thanne

How that our bisinesse shal thryve and preve.

(660)

And yet, for ye shul han no misbileve

Ne wrong conceit of me in your absence,

1215

I ne wol nat been out of your presence,

But go with yow, and come with yow ageyn.’

The chambre-dore, shortly for to seyn,

They opened and shette, and wente hir weye.

And forth with hem they carieden the keye,

1220

And come agayn with-outen any delay.

What sholde I tarien al the longe day?

He took the chalk, and shoop it in the wyse

(670)

Of an ingot, as I shal yow devyse.

1195. E. myrie; Cm. Cp. merye; rest mery.   1200. E. abouen it; rest aboue.   1203. the] E. that.   1205. Lichf. Cp. Pt. stondeth; Ln. Hl. stonde; Cm. stand; E. sit.   1206. ye] E. I.   1214. E. conceite.

 I seye, he took out of his owene sleve,

1225

A teyne of silver (yvele mote he cheve!)

Which that ne was nat but an ounce of weighte;

And taketh heed now of his cursed sleighte!

1226. Cm. ne; rest omit.   1227. E. taak; rest taketh.   1228. E. eek; rest omit.

 He shoop his ingot, in lengthe and eek in brede,

Of this teyne, with-outen any drede,

1230

So slyly, that the preest it nat espyde;

And in his sleve agayn he gan it hyde;

And fro the fyr he took up his matere,

(680)

And in thingot putte it with mery chere,

And in the water-vessel he it caste

1235

Whan that him luste, and bad the preest as faste,

‘Look what ther is, put in thyn hand and grope,

Thow finde shalt ther silver, as I hope;

What, devel of helle! sholde it elles be?

Shaving of silver silver is, pardee!’

1240

He putte his hond in, and took up a teyne

Of silver fyn, and glad in every veyne

Was this preest, whan he saugh that it was so.

(690)

‘Goddes blessing, and his modres also,

And alle halwes have ye, sir chanoun,’

1245

Seyde this preest, ‘and I hir malisoun,

But, and ye vouche-sauf to techen me

This noble craft and this subtilitee,

I wol be youre, in al that ever I may!’

1229. Tyrwhitt reads Of thilke; I propose — As of this teyne.   1236. E. What that heer is; rest Look what ther is.   1239. E. omits ll. 1238, 1239. From Lichf.   1242. E. Hl. omit that; found in Cm. Cp. Pt. Ln.   1247. Hl. subtilite; Cm. sotylete; E. subtiltee; rest sotilte, sotiltie; see l. 620.

 Quod the chanoun, ‘yet wol I make assay

1250

The second tyme, that ye may taken hede

And been expert of this, and in your nede

Another day assaye in myn absence

(700)

This disciplyne and this crafty science.

Lat take another ounce,’ quod he tho,

1255

‘Of quik-silver, with-outen wordes mo,

And do ther-with as ye han doon er this

With that other, which that now silver is.’

1249. E. preest; rest chanoun.

 This preest him bisieth in al that he can

To doon as this chanoun, this cursed man,

1260

Comanded him, and faste he blew the fyr,

For to come to theffect of his desyr.

And this chanoun, right in the mene whyle,

(710)

Al redy was, the preest eft to bigyle,

And, for a countenance, in his hande he bar

1265

An holwe stikke (tak keep and be war!)

In the ende of which an ounce, and na-more,

Of silver lymail put was, as bifore

Was in his cole, and stopped with wex weel

For to kepe in his lymail every deel.

1270

And whyl this preest was in his bisinesse,

This chanoun with his stikke gan him dresse

To him anon, and his pouder caste in

(720)

As he did er; (the devel out of his skin

Him torne, I pray to god, for his falshede;

1275

For he was ever fals in thoght and dede);

And with this stikke, above the croslet,

That was ordeyned with that false get,

He stired the coles, til relente gan

The wex agayn the fyr, as every man,

1280

But it a fool be, woot wel it mot nede,

And al that in the stikke was out yede,

And in the croslet hastily it fel.

1260. E. he; rest om.   1265. Hl. keep; E. kepe; Cm. keepe; rest hede.   1268. E. omits Was.   1272. Lichf. Ln. pouder; Cm. poudere; E. Cp. poudre.   1274. E. terve; Cm. Pt. turne; rest torne.   1277. E. Cm. Iet ( = jet); Hl. get; Ln. gett; Cp. Pt. gette.

(730)

 Now gode sirs, what wol ye bet than wel?

Whan that this preest thus was bigyled ageyn,

1285

Supposing noght but trouthe, soth to seyn,

He was so glad, that I can nat expresse

In no manere his mirthe and his gladnesse;

And to the chanoun he profred eftsone

Body and good; ‘ye,’ quod the chanoun sone,

1290

‘Though povre I be, crafty thou shalt me finde;

I warne thee, yet is ther more bihinde.

Is ther any coper her-inne?’ seyde he.

(740)

‘Ye,’ quod the preest, ‘sir, I trowe wel ther be.’

‘Elles go by us som, and that as swythe,

1295

Now, gode sir, go forth thy wey and hy the.’

1283. Cm. goode: E. good; see l. 1295.   Cp. Pt. Ln. The preest supposede nothing but wel.   1284. Cp. Pt. Ln. But busyed him faste, and was wonder fayn.   1286. E. ne kan; rest omit ne.   1292. So all.   1295. Cm. Hl. goode; E. good; rest omit.

 He wente his wey, and with the coper cam,

And this chanoun it in his handes nam,

And of that coper weyed out but an ounce.

Al to simple is my tonge to pronounce,

1300

As ministre of my wit, the doublenesse

Of this chanoun, rote of al cursednesse.

He semed freendly to hem that knewe him noght,

(750)

But he was feendly bothe in herte and thoght.

It werieth me to telle of his falsnesse,

1305

And nathelees yet wol I it expresse,

To thentente that men may be war therby,

And for noon other cause, trewely.

1301. E. Cm. alle; rest omit; read al.

 He putte his ounce of coper in the croslet,

And on the fyr as swythe he hath it set,

1310

And caste in poudre, and made the preest to blowe,

And in his werking for to stoupe lowe,

As he dide er, and al nas but a Iape;

(760)

Right as him liste, the preest he made his ape;

And afterward in the ingot he it caste,

1315

And in the panne putte it at the laste

Of water, and in he putte his owene hond.

And in his sleve (as ye biforn-hond

Herde me telle) he hadde a silver teyne.

He slyly took it out, this cursed heyne —

1320

Unwiting this preest of his false craft —

And in the pannes botme he hath it laft;

And in the water rombled to and fro,

(770)

And wonder prively took up also

The coper teyne, noght knowing this preest,

1325

And hidde it, and him hente by the breest,

And to him spak, and thus seyde in his game,

‘Stoupeth adoun, by god, ye be to blame,

Helpeth me now, as I dide yow whyl-er,

Putte in your hand, and loketh what is ther.’

1308. Cm. his; E. the; rest this.   1316. E. the water; rest water and.   1318. E. omits he.   1319. Cp. Hl. took; Cm. tok; E. tooke.   1328. E. a; rest I.

1330

 This preest took up this silver teyne anon,

And thanne seyde the chanoun, ‘lat us gon

With thise three teynes, which that we han wroght,

(780)

To som goldsmith, and wite if they been oght.

For, by my feith, I nolde, for myn hood,

1335

But-if that they were silver, fyn and good,

And that as swythe preved shal it be.’

1336. E. it shal; Ln. schal he; rest shal it.

 Un-to the goldsmith with thise teynes three

They wente, and putte thise teynes in assay

To fyr and hamer; mighte no man sey nay,

1340

But that they weren as hem oghte be.

1339. E. seye; Cm. sey.

 This sotted preest, who was gladder than he?

Was never brid gladder agayn the day,

(790)

Ne nightingale, in the sesoun of May,

Nas never noon that luste bet to singe;

1345

Ne lady lustier in carolinge

Or for to speke of love and wommanhede,

Ne knight in armes to doon an hardy dede

To stonde in grace of his lady dere,

Than had this preest this sory craft to lere;

1350

And to the chanoun thus he spak and seyde,

‘For love of god, that for us alle deyde,

And as I may deserve it un-to yow,

(800)

What shal this receit coste? telleth now!’

1344. E. man; rest noon (non).   1353. E. receite; Lichf. Cp. Hl. receyt.

 ‘By our lady,’ quod this chanoun, ‘it is dere,

1355

I warne yow wel; for, save I and a frere,

In Engelond ther can no man it make.’

 ‘No fors,’ quod he, ‘now, sir, for goddes sake,

What shal I paye? telleth me, I preye.’

 ‘Y-wis,’ quod he, ‘it is ful dere, I seye;

1360

Sir, at o word, if that thee list it have,

Ye shul paye fourty pound, so god me save!

And, nere the freendship that ye dide er this

(810)

To me, ye sholde paye more, y-wis.’

 This preest the somme of fourty pound anon

1365

Of nobles fette, and took hem everichon

To this chanoun, for this ilke receit;

Al his werking nas but fraude and deceit.

 ‘Sir preest,’ he seyde, ‘I kepe han no loos

Of my craft, for I wolde it kept were cloos;

1370

And as ye love me, kepeth it secree;

For, and men knewe al my subtilitee,

By god, they wolden han so greet envye

(820)

To me, by-cause of my philosophye,

I sholde be deed, ther were non other weye.’

1371. E. Cp. knewen; Cm. knewyn; rest knewe.   Ln. subtilite; Cm. subtilete; E. soutiltee; see ll. 620, 1247.

1375

 ‘God it forbede!’ quod the preest, ‘what sey ye?’

Yet hadde I lever spenden al the good

Which that I have (and elles wexe I wood!)

Than that ye sholden falle in swich mescheef.’

1377. E. or; rest and.

 ‘For your good wil, sir, have ye right good preef,’

1380

Quod the chanoun, ‘and far-wel, grant mercy!’

He wente his wey and never the preest him sy

After that day; and whan that this preest sholde

(830)

Maken assay, at swich tyme as he wolde,

Of this receit, far-wel! it wolde nat be!

1385

Lo, thus byiaped and bigyled was he!

Thus maketh he his introduccioun

To bringe folk to hir destruccioun. —

1387. E. Cm. omit hir.

 Considereth, sirs, how that, in ech estaat,

Bitwixe men and gold ther is debaat

1390

So ferforth, that unnethes is ther noon.

This multiplying blent so many oon,

That in good feith I trowe that it be

(840)

The cause grettest of swich scarsetee.

Philosophres speken so mistily

1395

In this craft, that men can nat come therby,

For any wit that men han now a-dayes.

They mowe wel chiteren, as doon thise Iayes,

And in her termes sette hir lust and peyne,

But to hir purpos shul they never atteyne.

1400

A man may lightly lerne, if he have aught,

To multiplye, and bringe his good to naught!

1390. E. Hl. vnnethe; rest vnnethes.   1397. E. as that doon; Cm. as don; rest as doon thise.

 Lo! swich a lucre is in this lusty game,

(850)

A mannes mirthe it wol torne un-to grame,

And empten also grete and hevy purses,

1405

And maken folk for to purchasen curses

Of hem, that han hir good therto y-lent.

O! fy! for shame! they that han been brent,

Allas! can they nat flee the fyres hete?

Ye that it use, I rede ye it lete,

1410

Lest ye lese al; for bet than never is late.

Never to thryve were to long a date.

Though ye prolle ay, ye shul it never finde;

(860)

Ye been as bolde as is Bayard the blinde,

That blundreth forth, and peril casteth noon;

1415

He is as bold to renne agayn a stoon

As for to goon besydes in the weye.

So faren ye that multiplye, I seye.

If that your yën can nat seen aright,

Loke that your minde lakke nought his sight.

1420

For, though ye loke never so brode, and stare,

Ye shul nat winne a myte on that chaffare,

But wasten al that ye may rape and renne.

(870)

Withdrawe the fyr, lest it to faste brenne;

Medleth na-more with that art, I mene,

1425

For, if ye doon, your thrift is goon ful clene.

And right as swythe I wol yow tellen here,

What philosophres seyn in this matere.

1404. E. Cp. heuye; rest hevy.   1407. E. omits O.   1414. E. blondreth.   1421. E. Cm. no thyng wynne; Hl. nought Wynne (upon); rest nat wynne a myte.   1427. Cm. What that ȝe; rest What that the (badly).   1434. E. fader first was; rest omit first.

 Lo, thus seith Arnold of the Newe Toun,

As his Rosarie maketh mencioun;

1430

He seith right thus, with-outen any lye,

‘Ther may no man Mercurie mortifye,

But it be with his brother knowleching.

(880)

How that he, which that first seyde this thing,

Of philosophres fader was, Hermes;

1435

He seith, how that the dragoun, doutelees,

Ne deyeth nat, but-if that he be slayn

With his brother; and that is for to sayn,

By the dragoun, Mercurie and noon other

He understood; and brimstoon by his brother,

1440

That out of sol and luna were y-drawe.

And therfor,’ seyde he, ‘tak heed to my sawe,

Let no man bisy him this art for to seche,

(890)

But-if that he thentencioun and speche

Of philosophres understonde can;

1445

And if he do, he is a lewed man.

For this science and this conning,’ quod he,

‘Is of the secree of secrees, parde.’

1441. Cm. Cp. Hl. heed; rest heede, hede.   1447. E. Cm. of the secretes; Cp. Pt. of secrees; Hl. of secretz; Ln. of secretees.

 Also ther was a disciple of Plato,

That on a tyme seyde his maister to,

1450

As his book Senior wol bere witnesse,

And this was his demande in soothfastnesse:

‘Tel me the name of the privy stoon?’

(900)

 And Plato answerde unto him anoon,

‘Tak the stoon that Titanos men name.’

1455

 ‘Which is that?’ quod he. ‘Magnesia is the same,’

Seyde Plato. ‘Ye, sir, and is it thus?

This is ignotum per ignotius.

What is Magnesia, good sir, I yow preye?’

1455, 8. Lichf. Ln. magnesia; rest magnasia.

 ‘It is a water that is maad, I seye,

1460

Of elementes foure,’ quod Plato.

 ‘Tel me the rote, good sir,’ quod he tho,

‘Of that water, if that it be your wille?’

1461. E. roote; rest roche, rooche, roches.   1462. Cm. that it; rest omit that.

(910)

 ‘Nay, nay,’ quod Plato, ‘certein, that I nille.

The philosophres sworn were everichoon,

1465

That they sholden discovere it un-to noon,

Ne in no book it wryte in no manere;

For un-to Crist it is so leef and dere

That he wol nat that it discovered be,

But wher it lyketh to his deitee

1470

Man for tenspyre, and eek for to defende

Whom that him lyketh; lo, this is the ende.’

1467. E. lief; Lichf. Cp. Pt. Hl. leef; Cm. lef.

 Thanne conclude I thus; sith god of hevene

(920)

Ne wol nat that the philosophres nevene

How that a man shal come un-to this stoon,

1475

I rede, as for the beste, lete it goon.

For who-so maketh god his adversarie,

As for to werken any thing in contrarie

Of his wil, certes, never shal he thryve,

Thogh that he multiplye terme of his lyve.

1480

And ther a poynt; for ended is my tale;

(928)

God sende every trewe man bote of his bale! — Amen.

Here is ended the Chanouns Yemannes Tale.

1472. Hl. syn; Lichf. Cm. syn that; E. sith that; Cp. Pt. sithens that; rest sith that, sithens that.   1475. E. vs; the rest as.   1477. E. werken; Cm. werkyn; Hl. werke; rest worche.   1479. E. Cm. omit his.   Colophon. So in E. Cm.; Hl. has — Here endeth the chanouns yeman his tale.

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Last updated Saturday, March 1, 2014 at 20:37