Britannia, by William Camden

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THE
DIVISION
OF
* Vide Ware’s Ant. Hib. c.3. p.11. IRELAND.*

Division of Ireland. Big I IReland, according to the Manners and Customs of the Inhabitants, is divided into two parts: They who ⌈would⌉ reject all Laws, and live after a barbarous manner, are called the Irishry, or more commonly the wild Irish; but the civiliz’d part, who submit themselves ⌈willingly⌉ to the laws, are term’d the English-Irish, and their Country the English Pale: for the first English that came hither, mark’d out their bounds in the more easterly and the richest part of the Island; Within which compass, even * * Ann. 1607.at this day, some remain uncivilized, and pay little obedience to the laws; whereas some without, are as courteous and genteel as one would desire. ⌈However, the King’s Writ runs now through the whole Kingdom, and every part thereof is amesnable to Law.⌉ But, if we consider the more early state of the Kingdom; it must, from its situation, or rather number of Governors, be divided into five parts (for it was anciently a Pentarchy,) namely, Munster southward, Leinster eastward, Connaught westward, Ulster northward, and Meath almost in the middle. Which, as to civil administration, are thus divided into Counties.

In Munster, are the Counties of
† Now, none such; part is in Kerry and part is in Cork.
Kerry.
† Desmond.
Cork.
Waterford.
Limerick.
¦ Swallow’d up in Tiperary. Tiperary, ¦ with the County of the Holy Cross.
 
In Leinster, are the Counties of Kilkenny.
Caterlough.
Queen’s Country.
King’s Country.
Kildare.
Weishford.
Dublin.
 
In * * Meath is now swallowed up in Leinster.Meith, are the Counties of East-Meath.
West-Meath.
Longford.
 
 Or Clare, formerly part of Munster; but lately added to the Conaught-Circuit.In Connaught, are the Counties of Twomund.
Galloway.
Maio.
Slego.
Letrim.
Roscommon.
 
In Ulster, are the Counties ofoen oeen Louth.
Cavon.
Farmanagh.
Monaghan.
Armagh.
Doun.
Antrim.
Colran.
Tir-Oën.
Tir-Conell
, or Donegall.

Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction. The Ecclesiastical Government of Ireland hath been from antient time by Bishops, consecrated either by the Archbishop of Canterbury, or by one another. But in the year 1152 (as we find it in Philip of Flattesbury) Christianus Bishop of Lismore, Legat of all Ireland, held a famous Council at * * Mell.Meath, where were present the Bishops, Abbots, Kings, Dukes, andMajores natu.Magistrates of Ireland; and there, by authority of the Pope, with advice of the Cardinals, and consent of the Bishops, Abbots, and others there met together, four Archbishopricks were establish’d in Ireland, Armagh, Dublin, Cassil, and Tuam.

Ancient Ecclesiastical Division. The Bishopricks which were under these, formerly (for some have been abolish’d to feed the greedy humour of ill times, and others have been mix’d and united, and others again translated) I desire to subjoin in their ancient State, out of an old Roman Provincial copied from the Original; ⌈adding only the changes that have been since made, to lead us, in some measure, to the present Ecclesiastical State or Division in Ireland.⌉

Elnamirand, C.Under the Archbishop of Armagh, Primate of all Ireland, are the Bishops of Meath, or † Cluanard.
Down, otherwise Dundalethglass.
Clogh, otherwise Lugundun, ⌈now Clogher.⌉
Conner ⌈united to Down.⌉
Ardachad ⌈or Ardagh.⌉
Rathbot ⌈or Rapho.⌉
Rathluc ⌈incorporated with Derry.⌉
Daln-liguir.
Dearrih, ⌈now Derry or London-derry.⌉
 
Under the Archbishop of Dublin, are the Bishops of Glendelac, ⌈united to Dublin.⌉
Fern, ⌈united to Leighlin.⌉
Ossory, otherwise de Canic, ⌈and Kilkenny.⌉
Lechlin, ⌈or Leighlin.⌉
Kildare, otherwise Dare.
 
Under the Archbishop of Cassil, are the Bishops of Laonie, or de Kendalnan, ⌈now Killaloe.⌉
Limrick.
Isle of Gathay.
Cellumabrath, ⌈Kilfenora, united to Killaloe or Tuam.⌉
Melice, or de Emileth, ⌈Emly, annex’d to Cashel.⌉
Rosse, otherwise Roscree.
Waterford, otherwise de Baltifordian.
Lismore, ⌈united to Waterford.⌉
Clon, otherwise de Cluanan ⌈now Cloyne.⌉
Corcage ⌈or Cork.⌉
De Rosalither ⌈united to Cork.⌉
Ardefert ⌈united to Limerick.⌉
 
Under the Archbishop of Tuam, are the Bishops of Duac, otherwise Killmacduoc, ⌈Kilmacough, united to Clonfert.⌉
De Mageo.
Enachdun.
De Cellaiaro.
De Roscomon.
Clonfert.
 
* i.e. Achonry. * Achad ⌈united to Killalla.⌉
Lade, otherwise Killaleth, ⌈now Killalla.⌉
De Conany.
De Killmunduach.
Elphin.

⌈Besides these Alterations already mention’d; the Bishopricks of Dalnliquir, Isle of Gathay, Roscree, Mage, Enachdun, de Celaiar, Roscomon, and Conany, are united to some of the rest; so that, at this day, there are no such in being; but in that ancient Catalogue, those of Dromore and Killmore are wholly omitted.

Present Ecclesiastical Division. The present Ecclesiastical Division of the Church of Ireland, stands as follows:

Under the Archbishop of Armagh, are the Bishops of Meath.
Kilmore
and Ardagh.
Dromore.
Clogher.
Raphoe.
Down
and Connor.
Derry.
 
Under the Archbishop of Dublin, are the Bishops of Kildare.
Ferns
and Lauglin.
Ossory.
 
Under the Archbishop of Cassil, are the Bishops of Waterford and Lismore.
Limerick.
Killaloe.
Corke
and Rosse.
Cloyne
.
 
Under the Archbishop of Tuam, are the Bishops of Elphin.
Clonfert.
Killalla
and Achonry.⌉
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Last updated Friday, March 7, 2014 at 13:06