Britannia, by William Camden

ornament

INDEX.

A

A, without the cross-stroke used in ancient Inscriptions, 996. Words ending in it, denote Land surrounded with Water, 1472

Aaron, a British Martyr, xcii. 718

Ab-Adams, 85, 281

ABALLABA, 989

Abbendon, 160

Abbenus, a Hermit, ib.

Abberbury-castle, 651
Sir Rich. de, 167

Abberton, 629

Abbo, 488

Abbot – Geo. A. B. of Cant. 181
Rob. B. of Salisb. 182
Sir Maurice, L. Mayor of London, ib.

Abbots – in England, ccxli. in Scotland, 1169
Parliamentary Barons, ccxli. 505, 886, 1169.

Abbotston, 138

Abbylease, 1358

Aber, what, 792, 889, 1099, 1335

Aber-Avon, 741

Aberbroth, 1254

Aber-Lhienaug Castle, 808

Aber-Lake, 1271

Aberchinder, 1266

Abercuruinig Monastery, 1048

Abercorn-castle, 1190, 1222
Earl of, 1190

Abercromby, Lord, 1238. Francis, Baron Glasford, 1262

Aberdau-Gledheu, 755

Aber-Daran, 790

Aberdeen, – New and Old, 1260. Spaw, 1261

Aber-Dyvy, 758

Aberford, 865

Aber-Fraw, 811

Abergavenni, 697, 715. Castle, held by Homage, Ward, and Marriage, 716. Lords of, 715, 716

Aber-Gwain, 758

Aber-Gwily, 705

Aber-Hondhy, ib.

Aber-Kynwy, 802

Aberley-hill, 630. Lodge, 631

Aberlemno, 1256

Aberlowr, 1266

Aber-Meneu, 757

Aber-Nant-bychan, 774

Abernethy Alexander, Baron Saltoun, 1266

Aberneth, 1238

Aber-Sannan, 751

Aber-Tawi, 742

Aber-Teivi Castle, 756

Aber-Trent, 1238

Aberwick, what, 1099

Aber-Ystwith, 772

Abinger, 184

Abingdon, 161, 489. Historiographer, 103. Earl of, 161. Fam. 621. Mrs. wrote the obscure Letter about the Powder-Plot to the Lord Monteagle, 622

Ableb Count of Dublin, 1367

ABONE, 270

Aborigines, 1495

Aboyn, Earl of, 1263

ABRAVANUS, or Aber-ruanus, 1201

Absenties in Ireland, 1344, 1355

Abthanes, 1167

Abtot, Ursus de, 614, 626, 627. Sheriff of Worcestershire, temp. W. 1. 631. Fam. 619.

ABUS Æstuarium, 549, 570, 889

Abulci, and Abulæ, bands, where plac’d, 208, 258

Academy Mareschallian at Aberdeen, 1261. by whom founded, ibid.

Acamanni civitas, 87

Achard, Robert, 167

Acho, K. of Norway, 1471. conquer’d the Western Isles, ib. defeated and put to flight by Alexander K. of Scots, ib. Where dy’d and bury’d, ib.

Achonry, annex’d to Killalla, 1382, 1386

Ackham, 879

Aclea, 183

Acley, 941

Ackmanchester, 87

ACMODÆ, 1501

Acknel-way, 329

Acres, Joanna de, 441

Acronius, 563

ACT of Uniformity, 9. Cause of the Decay of the Cornish Language, ib.

Acton-Burnel, 650

Acton in Glocestershire, 280

Acton, Fam. 631

Actun, 654

Adain in British what, 1185

Adam, – Bish. of Hereford, 278.
His Slyness, ib.
Son of Liolfe, 1061

Adaman, – Abbot, 870. Grove, ib.

Adare, 1346

Ad ANSAM, 418
Aquilam minorem,
Columnam,
Fines,
Herculem, 419
PONTEM, 546, 561
Rotam,
Septem Fratres,
Tres Tabernas, 419
Lineam Valli, 986
Taum, 460

Ad Murum, 1087

Adamson, Robert, 987

Adder-beads, what, 816

Adderbourn-River, 111

Addington, 520

Adeliza, – Wife of Hen. 1. 200. Daughter of Godfrey Barbatus Duke of Lorrain, 213

Adelstow, 23

Ader, what, 1438

Adle, 860. Mill, ib.

Adheredus, Duke of Mercia, 781. drove the Danes into Buttington in Montgomeryshire, where they winter’d, ib.

AD LAPIDEM, 138, 155

Adminius, 363, 415

Adrecy, Norman de, 571

Adrian 1. Pope, 223

Adulph, – King Edgar’s Chancellor, 523
Earl of Northumberland, 1103

Advocates, where in Scotland retain’d in Cases of High Treason, 1171

ADURNI PORTUS, 205

Adwen, 747

Adwick in the Street, 849

Ædes Termini, 1285

St. Ædith, 331

Ægira in Achaia, 901

Æglea, 109

Ægyptians, whence descended, xiii

Æilward, 63

Ælfhelm, 151

Ælfhere, ib.

Ælfric, Archbishop, 329

Ælfred, See Alfred.

Q. Ælfrith murther’d King Edward, 55. assum’d the Habit of a Nun, ib. built a Nunnery at Ambresbury, to expiate her Crime, 125. – and at Inglefield, 168

Ælffi, Abbot of Peterborough, 547

Ælfwold, 978

Ælfwide, K. Alfred’s Wife, 143

Ælla, the first Saxon that erected a Kingdom in Sussex, 197, 213, 214

Ælia–cohors, whence so call’d, 1044. Classica where in pay for Sea-Service, 1090. Classis whence so call’d, 1044

Ælius Hadrianus, 1087, 1090

Æmilius Paulus Papinianus, a famous Lawyer, 879

Æneas Silvius, Nuncio in Scotland from Pope Eugenius, 1248. his Saying concerning King James 1. of Scotland’s murder, ib. Vid. P. Pius 2.

Æneia, 1251

Æternales domus, and Æternæ, Sepulchres so call’d, 738, 739

Æthelbald, King of the Mercians, 542. gave Farnham to the Church of Winchester, 181. present at a Synod call’d by Cuthbert Archbishop of Canterbury, 225. defeated, 293. betray’d, 587. – by whom, ib. assassinated by Beared, 614. where buried, 586

Æscwin, Bishop of Dorchester, 329

ÆSICA, 1027

Æthelbert King of the East-Angles, 687. defeated by Ceaulin, 191. built Rochester-Cathedral, 231. gave Canterbury to Austin the Monk, 237, 239. first Founder of St. Paul's London, 375. first Christian King of the Saxons, 411. gave Tillingham to St. Paul's Monastery in London, ib. murder’d at Hereford by Quendred Offa's wife, while he courted their Daughter, ⌈⌈a rel="part80" href="part80.html#p687"⌉687

Ætheldreda wife of Tombertus Governour of the Girvii, 461

Æthelfleda, See Ethelfleda.

Æthelred, King, adopted Anlaf the Dane to secure his People from his ravages, but in vain, 137. inaugurated at Kingston, 187, destroy’d Rochester, 231. call’d a General Council at Einsham, 294. confirmed the Charter of Einsham Monastery, ib. fought the Danes at Merton, 303. drove Canutus the Dane out of Lincoln and retook it, 564. divided Mercia into five Bishopricks, 617. sail’d round Anglesey and wasted it, 808. solemniz’d his Marriage with Offa’s Daughter at Catarrick, 923. slain by the Danes at Wittingham, 62. bury’d in Winburn-Minster, ib.

Æthelstan, see Athelstan.

Æthelwald Nephew to King Alfred, 181. fortify’d Winburn, 62. fled to the Danes, ib.

Æthelwerd, 274

Æthelmar, 294

Æthelwolph, defeated the Danes at Ockley, 183. tho’ in Orders, by dispensation from the Pope, succeeded his Father in his Kingdom, ib.

Æthicus, goes falsely under the name of being translated by St. Jerom, 4

Æthiopians, whence descended, xiii why so call’d, xxix

Æthered, 578

Afer Dionysius, 1524

Agabo, 1353

Agasæus, 140

AGELOCUM, 582

Agle, 583

Aglionby, – John 1017, Thomas 1025. Fam. 1026

Agincourt, 495, 521, 548, 915

Agnes, – Wife of W. de Creketot, 440. Sister of Ranulph Earl of Chester, 639, 682. Wife of W. de Ferrars Earl of Derby, 639, 682. Wife of Walter de Falconberge, 909. only Daughter and Heir of the Piercies, 1104

Agnes Island, 1522

Agnew ex Insula, 1200

Agrariæ Stationes, 1043

Agricola, – a Pelagian Heretick, 353. – See Julius Agricola. Georgius, 932

Agriculture, a peculiar method of, in Cornwall, 8. – in Devonshire, 31

Ague, cur’d by the application of barbarous Characters, 1030

Agrigentum, 651

Aguomine, 1316

Aid of Boroughs and Villages to marry the King’s Daughter, 600

Aidan, a Scotch Bishop, 1081. First instructed King Oswald and his Northumbrians in Christianity, 1081, 1502. by his Prayers sav’d Bamborough-Castle from the fury of Penda the Mercian, 1094. erected Lindisfarne into a Bishoprick, 1502

Aidon, 1083. in British what, 1087

Aidon-Castle, ib.

Ailesford, See Aylesford.

Ailesham, 466

Ailmer – fam. in Ireland, 1360. Barons Balrath, 1372

Ailsbury, 330. Vale of, ib. Earls of, 331. William of, ib. de, Fam. ib.

Ailwin, sirnam’d Healf Koning, 505

Aimundus, King of Sicily, 980

Ainsbury, or Ainulphs-bury, 502

Ainsworth, W. 897

Ainulph, a pious person, 502

Ainza, 1266

Akernbank, 994

Aldrick, 373

Ard, Proper names ending in it, signify Valour, 1009

Aire-Sheriffdom, 1202, 1203

Aire-River, 1205

Airle, 1255. Earls of, ib.

Air-Moines, 570

Aiton, 885

Aix la Chapelle, 27

Aka, 630

Akeman-street-way, 298, 302

Alabaster-works, 641. where found, 573

ALA – Augusta Gordiana, where quarter’d, 1016. Petriana, where, 1020. Prima Herculea, where, 1022. Sabiniana, whence so called, 1044

Alains, serv’d in Britain under the Romans, 603

Alan, Vid. Rufus & Niger.

Alani 434

Alanus, ib.

Alan, – Son of Flaold a Norman, 646. Son of Waldevus, 1061. Lord of Galloway in Scotland, 144, 1202. Sylvestris, 673. a River, 23, 112

Alaric, King of the Goths, ciii. took the City of Rome, cv

Alaun River 134

ALAUNA, 1226

ALAUNUS, riv. 1093

Alaw-River, 810

Albanach Thomas, rais’d a desperate body of Men, and seiz’d on part of Ireland, 1383. His Posterity tyrannized there long under the name of Mac-William, ib.

ALBANIA, 803, 1153, 1412, 1495

Albanenses, 1495

St. Alban, the British Proto-Martyr, xcii. 352, 718

St. Albans, 350, 353, 355, 459. built out of old Verulam, 350. Two Battles fought there, 356

Albany, with its Dukes, 1245. Mountains of, 1247

Albemarle, – in Normandy, 902. Earls and Dukes of, and Holderness, 902, 903. William Earl of, surpriz’d Fotheringhay-Castle in the hands of revolters, 521. Stephen Earl of, and Holderness, receiv’d Bitham-castle of William 1. to enable him to feed his infant Son with white Bread, 560. Baldwin, Earl of, and Holderness, receiv’d Headon of King John to hold in free-burgage, 898

Albenies, who, 559

Albeney – William de, Earl of Arundel, 459, 682. Nigell de, Bow-bearer to William Rufus, 913. – had 140 Knights Fees in England, and 120 in Normandy, ib. Roger, commanded by K. Hen. 1. to take the name of Mowbray, ib. Hugh de, Earl of Arundel, 474, 826

Albeniaco Nicholas de, 282. Willielmus de, 559

Albin, what, 1245

Albinich, who, 1153, 1246

Albinus, General of the British Army, lxxxvii. feignedly made Emperor by Severus, ibid. defeated by Severus (who was himself chose Emperor at Rome) and slain, lxxxvii, 965

Albion, i. xxxi, xxxii

’Aλβιων, i

Albrighton, 654

Albuger, Sir Thomas, 258

Albury, 184

Alcannings, 84

Alcher, routed the Danes, 246

Alchester, 302

Alcocke John, – Bishop of Ely, 483. Bishop of Worcester, 875

Alcuinus, a learned English Monk, clxvii. erected an University at Paris, ib. 881. Tutour to Charles the Great, 881. Where dy’d and bury’d, ib.

Alcluid, 1218, 1241

Aldborough, 868

Aldborrow, 875

Aldburgh, 447, 924

Alderley, 278. Judge Hales born here, ib.

Aldermaston, 167

Aldermen, why so call’d, 394

Alderminster, 627

Alderney, 1507. Race of, ib.

Aldersgate, 373

Alderton, 103

Aldgate, 373

Aldhelm, Abbot of Malmesbury, 100, 103. the first Saxon that wrote in Latin, 104. taught the Saxons to compose Latin Verse, ib. tutelar Saint to King Athelstan, ib.

St. Aldhelm’s Mead, ib. Bell, ib.

Aldhelmertone, ib.

Aldinius, last King of the South Saxons, 213. by whom slain, ib.

Aldingham, 978

Aldgitha, Daughter of Aldred Earl of Northumberland, 949

Aldport, 965

Aldred, – Archbishop of York, 600. Earl of Northumberland, 949, 1103

Aldwin, 626, Bishop, 947

Aldworth, 165

Ale, – whence deriv’d, 588. conduceth to long Life, more than Wine, 589. in Ireland, where best, 1364

Alen, riv. 61, 63

ALECTUM, 1252

Alectus, See C. Allectus.

Alesborough, 629

Alesburie, fam. 526

Aletum, 1512

Alexander – the Great, never in Britain, xlv. Bishop of Lincoln, 495, 581. II. King of Scotland 509. Earl of Huntingdon, ib. a Military Bishop, 582. Duke of Albany, 1177. – outlaw’d by his Brother James the 3d of Scotland, 1245. – kill’d at Paris by the Splinter of a Lance, as he view’d a Tournament, ib. Earl of Merch, 1180. III. King of Scots, 1196. Sir William, Earl of Sterling, 1226. Sheriff of Angus, 1255. – slain in a bloody Battle against the Macdonalds of the Isles, ib. Earl of Ross, 1274. Son of Maurice Girald, one of the Conquerors of Ireland, 1321. King of Scots, defeated and drove Acho King of Norway out of the Western Isles, 1471

Alfarig, 1273

Alfhun, Bishop, 448

Alfhelm, Prince slain as he was hunting, by Edric Streona, 655

Alford, 77, 569, 667

Alfred King, recover’d of a Sickness at St. Guerir, as he was at his Devotions, 19. oblig’d the Danes to take an Oath to depart his Dominions, 72. Godfather to Godrun, King of the Danes, ib. defeated by the Danes and forced to abscond in Athelney, 74. had a Vision of St. Cuthbert, after a Victory over the Danes, and from thence esteemed him as his Tutelar Saint, 75. defeated the Danes at Edindon, 108. – with few Forces at Farnham, 181. where born, 163. reliev’d Rochester when besieg’d by the Danes, 231. translated Boetius de consolatione Philosophiæ, 297. after the Danish Wars, restor’d the Muses to Oxford, and built three Colleges there, 304. retook London from the Danes, and committed its Government to his Son-in-law, 380. fix’d the Bounds of the Counties of the Iceni, 433, after he had got Godrun to embrace Christianity, rewarded him for it, 443. besieg’d the Danes in Nottingham-Castle, but in vain, 578. made St. Cuthbert's Church a Sanctuary, 933. oblig’d to Terms with the Danes, and assign’d them Northumberland, 1103. his Monument at Driffield, 890.

Alfred of Beverley, 246

Alfreton, 590. Ranulph de, ib.

Alfrick, Earl of Leicester, 558. slain by Hubba the Dane, ib.

Alfrith, – Cousin to King Alfred, 163, 167, Archbishop of Canterbury, 641. Abbot of St. Albans, 354

Alfritha, see Ælfrith.

Alga, 765

Algar, Earl of Leicester, 303, 305, 542

Alh, 906

Alice, Daughterof Thomas Earl of Sarum, 118. of Hugh le Brune, 194. of Thomas Chaucer, 320. of Hugh Grant-maisnill, 531. of Henry de Lacy, 574. of Guy of Thouars, 927. of Robert de Rumeney, 1062. of Reginald de Lucy, ib.

Alice, Countess – of Oxford, 484. of Warwick, 614

Alione, 1040

Alkburrow, 566, 573

Alladius, an Irish Prince, 1444

Greek, 583

C. Allectus, slew his Friend Carausius and usurp’d the Government, xcii. laid wait for the Romans in the Isle of Wight, xcii. 154. defeated and slain by Asclepiodatus, xcii. 372

Allen, – Thomas clvii. William 192. Fam. 451. Ld. Bathurst, 285. a River, 820, 826. Viscount, 1360

Allerdale, 1022

Allerton, 872. North, 914

All-Hallows Monastery in Dublin, 1366. made an University by Queen Elizabeth, 1367

Allingham, 134

Allington-castle, 230

Allington, fam. 487. Sir William, 346. Gyles, ib. William, Baron Wimondley, 346. – Baron of Killard, ib. 1380

Allinton, 134

Allobroges, why so called, xxv

All-Souls College in Oxford, 311. founded by Henry Chichley, Archb. of Canterbury, ib. receiv’d great Benefactions from Col. William Codrington, ib.

Almans, when first heard of, cli

Almaric, Earl of Glocester, 288

Almond 1182, 1224

Almondbury, 855

Alms-Houses of Beverley, 893. None admitted here, but give Bond to leave All to the Poor, when they die, ib.

Alms-Knights, 173

Alne, or Alenus, 607

Alne, or Alaunus, 1093

Alney Island, 272, 273

Alnewick, 991

Alnmouth, 1085

Alnwick, or Alanwick-castle, 1094. held by Tenure of twelve Knights Service, ib.

Aloa, 1231

Alon, riv. 1040, 1071, 1226

ALONE, 1071

Greek, i

Alparc, 965

Alpes, 583. Penninæ, 972

Alphege, Archbishop of Canterbury, 294

Alphonso, Son of King Edward 1. 387

Alpin – Dogs, clii. Lakes, 792, 797. Plants, 792. Fish, 798. golden Trout, 978

Alpinus, Son of Eochal King of Brun-Albain, 1245

Alre, 138

Alresford, ib.

Alric, a Saxon, 864

Alsa, 434

Alstenmoor, 1068

Alt riv. 969

Altars – Roman, 582, 668, 670, 1011. rais’d out of Flattery to the Emperors, 973. crown’d with Garlands, and anointed by the Pagans in their Sacrifices, 1014

Altar – and Temple of Claudius, 418. inscrib’d to Hercules, 1085. – to Ulysses, 1227. Stone, 761

Alterynnis, 685

Altham, Baron of, 1340

Althorp, 517

Altmouth, 969

Alum, – where sought, 1440. Earth, 63, 806, 906, 910. Works, 911. Stone, 1266

Alverton-shire, 914

Alveston, 279

Alvingham, 571

Alured of Marleberg, 685

Alway, 1226

Alwen-River, 821

Alwerton, 13. Lords of, ib.

Alwin, – Bishop of Winchester, 294. a Child dedicated to a Monkish Life, 495

Amalthean Horn, 91

Amabilla, Daughter of William de Egremond, 1061

St. Amand, 107. Barons of, 166, 285

Greek, 583

Ambacti, who, xxi

Amber, – where found, 470. a Mass of, big as a horse thrown out of the Sea, 1264

Amberley, 199

Ambleside, 986

AMBOGLANA, ib. ad lineam Valli, 1039

Ambresbury, 125, 126

Ambro, what, cliv

Ambrones, swarm’d into Italy with the Cimbrians, ib.

St. Ambrose, 145, 150

Ambrose-wood-hill, 817

Ambrosius Aurelianus, vid. Aurelius Ambrosius.

Ambrosden, 302

Ambry, 689

Amersham, 329

Amicia, Daughterof William Earl of Glocester, 288. of Rob. Bossu, Earl of Leicester, 613. of the last of the Marmions, 920

Ammon, whence deriv’d, 869

Greek, 583

St. Amphibalus, the British Proto-martyr, 142, 718. instructed 1000 Christians who were martyr’d at Lichfield, 640. first that instructed St. Alban in the Christian Faith, 357, 718. where he was born, 718

Ampthill, 339. Honour of, 340

Amund-River, 1247

Amulets, how used, 992

Anand-River, 1177

Anarawd, Prince of North-Wales, 786, and Anglesey, 1316. gave Lands to the Stratcluyd Britains, to drive away the Saxons, 802. gave the Saxons a total Overthrow, ib. gave Lands to the Church, out of thankfulness to God, 803

Anarhaith, who, 123, 436

Anas, riv. in Spain, 111, 183

ANCALITES, 320, 321

Ancaster, 561. Heath, ib.

Ancastle, 321

Anchor-hill, 974

Anchors, where dug-up, 354

Ancon, what, 11

Ancones and Ancona, ib.

Ancoates, 964

Ancrum, 1175

Andates, or Andraste, a tutelar Deity in Essex, 436, 851. called Goddess of Victory, xliii. cxi. 436

ANDERIDA, 151, 195, 258

Anderness, 975

Andover, 137, 138

Andradswald, 195, 258

Andragathius, sent in a close Chariot by Maximus, under pretence of Gratian’s wife, ci. leapt out and murder’d Gratian as he came with design to receive her, ib. threw himself into the Sea, after Maximus was put to death, ciii

Andrastes, xliii. See Andates.

Andreds-ceaster, 258

Andreas Bernardus, a Poet of Tholouse, 532

Andrews, Lancelot, Bishop of Winchester, where buried, 193

St. Andrew, 85. his Bones brought to Scotland by a Grecian Monk and gave Name to a City there, 1233

St. Andrews, 1233, when made an Episcopal See, ib. when, by whom, and why, its Bishop was made Primate and Metropolitan of all Scotland, ib.

Androgeus a Name, why given, 363

Andros, 1362, 1438

Angel Justinian, 899

Angervil, Richard, Bp. of Durham, 310

ANGLESEY, 805, 1439. Earls of, 812

Anglesford, 230

Angles, who, cliv. East, 436

Angli, 901. Mediterranei, 633

Angloen, in Denmark, 901

Angolesme, Guiscard de, Earl of Huntingdon, 509

Angotby, 570

Angre Chipping, 407

Angus, 1251. Earls of, 559, 1256. Marsh of, 938

Anjou, Henry de, 555. besieg’d Nottingham-castle, but in vain, 578

Ankam-River, 570

Anker-River, 613

Ankerige, 493

Anlaby, 897

Anlaf, the Dane, 137. adopted by K. Æthelred, to free his People from Ravages, but in vain, ib. defeated in a pitch’d battle by K. Athelstan, 1097

Ann, – Countess of Pembroke, 858. of Huntingdon, 328. Daughter of Thomas de Woodstock, 428. Dutchess of York, 477. Queen of England, 546. Lady Harrington, 547. Countess of Warwick, 615. Sister of Edward Mortimer, 915. Daughter of Edward Lord Hastings, 970. Dutchess and Heiress of Hamilton, 1177. Daughter of the Lord Oliphant, 1180. Countess of Lothian, 1192

Anna, King, 437. slain a pitch’d battle by Penda the Mercian, 448. where bury’d, ib.

Annaly, 1373

Annan, riv. 1195

Annandale, 1006, 1195

Annesley – Arthur, Baron of Newport-Pagnel and Earl of Anglesey, 812. Viscounts Valence, 1335. Barons Altham, 1340

Annos, who, 1441

Annoth, 1522

Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, 34. the first that prohibited Marriage to the Clergy, ib. Abbot of St. Edmondsbury, 439. ordain’d Bishops for Ireland, 1398

Anstossen, what, ib.

Ansty-Liberty, 884

Ant, riv. 135

Anthony, a Town, 22

Antibacchium, 11

Antibarrium, ib.

Antiocheis, a Poem, 81

Antiochus, called a Thunderbolt, 188

Antiquity, a curious piece of, where found, 537

Antirrhium, 11

Antimony or Stibium, where found, 591

Greek, 10

Greek, what, 844

ANTIVESTÆUM Promontorium, 10, 11

ANTONA, river, 84, 137, 515

Antonia, 273

Antoninus–Pius, 419, 713. made all within the Bounds of the Roman Empire Citizens of Rome, lxxxi. chastis’d the Brigantes for making inroads into Genounia, 777, 778, 841. built a Turf-wall to guard against the incursions of the Picts and Scots, 1044, 1221. Caracalla, prosecuted the War in Britain by his Captains, lxxxix. – was so vain as to stile himself Britannicus Maximus, ib.

Antport, 135

Antrim, – Town and County of, 1403. Earls of, 1406

Antrum, an Island in Gaul, 850

Apelby, 989, 994

Apelthwate, 986

Appennage, what, 462, 521

Apenninus, xxv

Apennine, – Mount, 327. English, 932, 971, 983, 984

Apewood-Castle, 634

Apledor-Castle, 210

Apleton-Nun, 885

Greek, xxv

Apollo Grannus, 1185

An Apostolical Earl, 97

Apotheosis, what, lxxxix. 180, 960

Appleby, 535. Lane, 566

Apples, None come to maturity in the Orkneys, 1474

April, call’d Easter-month, clxiv

Aptera, what, 1185

Apthorp, 525

Apulby Thomas de, Bishop of Carlisle, 1006

Apuldore, 258

Aqua Lena, 228

AQUÆ SOLIS, 108

Aquila, 60. his Prophecy, ib.

Aquinum, 270

Aquitani, 7

Aquitanus Prosper, 1401

Ara, what, in British, 606, 851

Araris, river, 857

ARBEIA, vid. Ierby.

Arbury, 486, 516. Banks, 516

Arbuthnet, Viscount, 1258

Arca, what, 419

Arcadius, 1489

Archbishopricks, in Ireland, 1329. by whom and when erected, 1398

Archbishops – of Canterbury – their Suffragan, 249. stil’d Primates of all England, 881. sued by the Britains for using the Stile of Metropolitan of Wales, but cast them, 756. of York formerly presided over Scotland, 880. had warm disputes with Canterbury for precedency, 881. by decree of Pope Alexander, subjected to Canterbury, ib. stil’d Primates of England by accommodation, at the request of King Edward 3, ib. of Scotland, and their Jurisdiction, 1161

Arch-deacon Guarin, 689

Arch-deaconries, ccxxix

Arch-deacon, fam. 37

Archer Nicholas de, 524

Archiepiscopal Seeof London translated to Canterbury, 379. – of Kaer-Lheion in Wales, translated to Menevia, 718, 756. to Dôll in Britagne which ended that Dignity in Wales, 756

Archigubernus, lxxxi

Architrenius, a Poem, 33

Arcluid, in British what, 1218

Arcoll, 654

Arcubus W. de, 939

Ardart, 1333

Arden, 606

Ardenburg, ib.

Arden, fam. ib.

Arden Turkill de, ib.

Ardern, fam. 667

Ardes, 1399, 1401

Ardee, 1393

Ardfrath, 1410

Ardmanoch, 1273

Ardmor, 1341

Ardnary, 1384

Ardoch, 1237, 1240. Roman Camp there, why and by whom made, 1240, 1495

Ardrossan-Castle, 1205

Ardudwy, 778, 785

Ardulph, a petty Prince of Northumberland, 907. defeated Wada a Saxon Duke, 907, 972

Arduthie, 1257

Are, 857. made navigable by Act of Parliament, 10 W. 3. ib.

Areans, who, 1049. where stationed, ib.

Aremoricæ, who, xxv

Aren-Voudhwy, 784. Benlhyn, ib. Nig, ib.

Ar-Esk, 1044, 1193

Arey-Brescen, 1465

Arfastus, 457

Argat, 1465

Argenton, – Rich. de, 438, 449. Elizabeth, 346. David de, ib.

Argenton, fam. 346, 449, 487

Argetocoxus, a Petty King, 1229. His wife’s Answer to Julia the Empress reproaching her for Adultery, ib.

Argile, or Argathelia, 1241. Earl Marquis and Duke of, 1242. from whom they derive their Pedigree, ib.

Argita, river, 1411

Arglas, 1401. Viscount Barrington of, ib.

Argonauts, 1244. said to have carry’d Argos on their Shoulders, 500 Miles, ib.

Argos, ib.

Ar-gwithil, what, 1241

Arianism – first in England, xcviii. by whom favoured, ib.

Arica, 1507

ARICONIUM, 687

Arith, 15

Arklo, Lords thereof, 1363

Arksey, 848

Ar-lech, – what, 785. Castle, ib.

Arlington, 369

Armacha an Irish Queen, 1397

Armagh, County and City, ib.

Armanthwaite, 1021

Armaturæ, who, 1034

Arm, 1519

Armed Knight, a Rock, 10

Armeniac, Earl of, 64

Armigeri, who, and why so called, ccxlviii

Armitage, 1193

Armôn, 781

Armor, what, xxv

Armoric, Lord’s Prayer in, 10

Armorica, xxv, xxix, xxxviii, cxxxii. Britannica, 1523

Armorici, cxxxii. 777

Armoricans, 3, 10

Armour, old pieces of, where dug-up, 474

Arms, and Instruments of Brass, where found, 14, 598, 793, 804

ARMS, – why Branches of the Blood-Royal family bore them different, 27. of the – Trevylians, 11, Godolphins, 15. Trefusis, 16. Trenances, ib. Rosagans, 17. Roscarrock, ib. Penroses, ib. Arundels, 22. Botereauxs, 24. Earls of Cornwall, 27. Hollands, 41, 970. Stourtons, 110. Esturmies, 126. Quincies, 143. Bluets, 149. Bainards, ib.Cusans, ib. Earls of Surrey and Warren, 194. Bohuns, 204. D’Aubeneys, 213. Ailesburys, 331. De Scales, 345. Argentons, 346. Montfitchets, 426. Mortimers, 459. Bardolphs, 475. Zouches, 533. Ferrars, 545. St. Pauls, 573. De Alfretons, 590. Musards, ib. Chaucumbs, 612. Segraves, ib. Ewias, 685. Barons Monthault, 826. Mauleys, 907. Vescys, 913. Dukes of Brunswick and Lunenburgh, 915. Kings of England, of Norman descent, ib. Bowes, 939. Lumleys, 949. Viponts, 999. Lucies and Percies, 1010. Earls of Warwick, 1019. Muschamps, 1097. Brabant, 1104. Fergus Lord of Galloway, 1201. Stewarts Dukes of Lenox, 1220. Lyons, 1251

Armyn – Mary, Daughter of Henry Talbot, 857. a great Benefactress to the Poor, ib. Sir William, ib.

Arne, 1518

Arondel, what in French, 22

Arondel, fam. See Arundel.

Arosse-Castle, 1463

Arpennies, 411

Arran, – river, 357. in Scotland, 1207. in Ireland, 1379. Earls of, ib. Isle of, 1461

Arrol, 1250. Earls of, Hereditary Constables of Scotland ever since the Bruces, ib.

Arrow, 606, 607

Arrow-heads, where found, 692

Arsic, Barons of, 294

Arsony, Treason in Ireland, 1345

Artabri in Spain, whence called, 1335

Arthur, what, 81, Hall, 309

Arthur King, always set the Cornish in the front of the battle, 7. where born, 23. said to have been begotten by Uther Pendragon, 24. his Palace, 70. slew great numbers of the Saxons at Badon-hill, 89. his round Table, 141, 583, 997, 1019, where inaugurated, 149. defeated some Rebels at Dover, 249. footsteps of his Hound where to be seen, 704. gave audience to the Roman Embassadours at Kaer-Lheion, 718. defeated the Saxons near the River Dugles, 970. where slain, 23. where buried, 80. – his Chair, a Mountain in Scotland, 1186. his Oven, 1223. Isle, 1522

Arthur, Prince, Son of Hen. VII. 832

Artificial Rocks, 121

Artois, Blanch of, 980

Arvandus, Petty King of the Isle of Wight, 138. murther’d, 154

Arverni, 778

Arviragus, when flourish’d in Britain, lxxvii. fortify’d Dover-Castle against the Romans, 249. said to have marry’d the Daughter of Claudius, 273

Arun, 199

Arundel, – 199, 186. Knightly family, 21. call’d the Great, 22. Sir John, eminent for his Services to K. Charles I. 21. – created Lord Trerice, ib. John de, 63. John Lord Wardour made Count of the Empire by Rodolph 2, 112. Lady defended Wardour-Castle a week with 25 men against 1300, ib. Dignity of Earl annex’d to the Lordship of, 201. Earls of, 201, 658. Earls of Surrey, 194. Level, 200. Forest, 212. House, 383

Arvonia, 793

Arwel, 423

Arwenack, 17

Arwerton, 443

Arwystili, Lords of, 780

St. Asaph, 823

Ascough, fam. 941

Aserby, 557

Ashburne, 586

Ashburnham, 209. Lord, ib.

Ashburton, 29

Ashbury-Park, 162

Ashby – St. Leger, 516. de la Zouch, 533

Ashcough, fam. 570

Ashdown, 410. Forest, 212

Ashele-Manor, 475. Held by the Tenure of Overseeing the Table-Linnen at the Coronation, ib.

Ashellwell-thorp, 458

Asheridge, 330

Ashford, 237

Ashlers, 1051

Ashley, – 102. fam. 63. Sir Anthony. ib.

Ashmole Elias, 314. His Musæum, ib.

Ashted, 192

Ashton, Sir Walter, 1252. Baron Forfar, ib.

Ashwell, 345, 479

Ashwood-Heath, 634

Ask, a Saxon, 862

Askeodnish, 1242

Askerton-Castle, 1033

Aske, fam. 921

Aslakton, 577

Aspeley-Gowiz, 340

Asphaltites, a Lake in Judea, 650

Assenshire, 1274

Asserius, or Asser, 19, 67, 304

Astalbridge, 302

Astally, ib.

Astbury, 676

Asteley-Castle, 613

Asteley, – Fam. ib. Sir Jacob, 170. Baron Astley of Reading, ib.

Aston, 848. Cold, 281

Aston-Steeple, 297

Aston, – Fam. 639, 967. Thomas, 656

Astræa, Goddess, 725

Astroites, or Star-Stone, – where found, 560, 599, 1406. – will move, if put into Vinegar, 560

Astures, – 684. serv’d in Britain under the Romans, 603. in garrison at Chester on the Street, 950. – Tribune of the first Cohort at Æsica, 1027. Second wing of, at Silcester, 1081

Astwell, 513

Asylum, what, 676

At-Court, Francis Lord of Penbroke, 766

Aterith, 1381

Athanasius, first that introduced Monkery in the Western Church, 666

ATHANATON, 242

Athboy, 1371

Athelsted, 145

Athelm, Nephew to King Alfred, 199

Athelney, 74. a curiosity suppos’d to have been lost by King Alfred, found here, ib.

Athelstan, King, made St.Buriens a Sanctuary, 11. conquer’d the Silly-Islands, 11, 1523. – the Danmonii, 12. gave great Privileges to Adelstow, 23. fix’d the boundary betwixt the Cornish Britains and English, 26. drove the Britains out of Exeter, 40. built Exeter Cathedral in honour of St. Peter, ib. – Muchelney-Monastery, 71. inaugurated at Kingston, 187. call’d a Council of his wisemen and made several good Laws, 235. overthrew the Danes in a Sea-fight at Sandwich, 246. made the Princes of Wales Tributary, 688. took York from the Danes and demolish’d their Castle, 882. esteem’d John de Beverley his Tutelar Saint, 891. went barefoot from Garmondsay to St. Cuthbert's Tomb, 933. took Constantine King of Scots and his Kingdom under his protection, 1019. – and Eugenius King of Cumberland and his, ib. defeated 3 Kings at Brumford in a pitch’d Battle, 1097. drove the Danes out of Northumberland, before assign’d them by King Alfred, 1103

Athelstan, an English Commander slain with his Men in Scotland, 1183

Athelstanford, ib.

Athelwold Earl, slain by K. Edgar, for tricking him of his Mistress, 137

Athelwolf, rebell’d against his Brother Edward the elder, 149. where slain in battle by his Brother, 488

Atheney Philip de, 414

Athenry, Barony, 1381

Atherston, 613. fam. 943

Atherton, 967

Athesis, 937

Athie, 1359

Athlone, 1375, 1388. Earl of 1388

Athol, – infamous for Witches, 1247. John Earl of, 237, 1247

Athulph, Bishop of Carlisle, 1025

Atkyns, Sir Robert, Knight of the Bath, 285

Atlynge, King, 460

Aton, 1180

Attacotti, xcviii, clii. 1065

Attal-Sarisin, leavings of the Saracens, 4

Attila the Hun, 26. said to have martyr’d 11,000 Virgins, 26, 170

Attilborough, 459

Attilbridge, 460

Atton 912. fam. ib. 913, 944. Gilbert de, 913

Attorneys, formerly none in the Isle of Man, 1454

Attrebates, 159

ATTREBATII, ib.

Attrech, what, 160

Att-Scarre, 919

Avalon, 77. Viscount, 78.

Avangk, what, 771

Aubigny, 1219

St. Aubin – or Alban-town, 1510. Bay, 1511

Aubrey-John, 123, 736. Sir John, 731

Aubrey, fam. – 708. follow’d Bernard Newmarsh into Brecknockshire, and receiv’d possessions there, after reduced, ib.

Aubury, 127

Auchincochtie, 1258

Auckford, – Alured 61. Nichol ib. Eskilling, ib.

Audeville William, Abbot, 628

Audley-end, 425

Audley-Thomas, Baron Walden, ib. Hugh de, Earl of Glocester, 288. James Lord, where slain fighting for King Henry 6, 638. James de, one of the first Knights of the Garter, 173. Sir Thomas, 292, 483

Audley, fam. 283, 654, 969, 1401

Audre, 491

S. Audry, ib. Liberty of, ib.

Aveling, 285

Aveline, 426, 903

Aven-brook, 1211

Avenel, –fam. 479. Robert, 1196

Avenglas, what, 1002

Avenmore, 1339

Aventon, 270

AUFONA, 511, 515

Aufric, 630

Augusta, the second Roman Legion, 374

AUGUSTA, – a Name of London, ib. a most honourable Title, ib.
Rauracorum, 461, 687

Augustin the Monk. See Austin.

Augustin Monks, 1226, 1231

St. Augustin’s Cross, 246

AUGUSTORITUM, 480

Augustus, whether ever in Britain, lii, liii. his Policy in keeping the outward Provinces in his hands, and giving the others to Proconsuls, 820. compar’d with King Edward I. ib.

Augustus Thuanus Esmerius, 758

Avis, – wife of Robert de Quincy, 682. Daughter of William le Grosse Earl of Albemarle, 903

Aukland, – West, 944. St. Helen, ib. Bishop’s, ib.

Aulcester, 607

Auldby, 887

Aulerci, 147

Aulerton, 582

Auloed, Son of Harald, 1366

Aulre, 72

Aulton, 138, 146, 643

Aulfrick, 630

Aulus Plautius, led the Roman Army into Britain, liv. receiv’d the Dobuni under his protection, 268. obtain’d a Victory over Caractacus Cunobeline's Son, lv. 333. attempted the Trinobantes; 363. slew Togodumnus, 363, 416. triumph’d over Caractacus, lv.364, 841

Aunsby, 557

Aungier Earls of Longford, 1376

Aurelius – Ambrosius, fought several battles with the Saxons, with various success, cliv. 133. defeated the Saxons at Maisbelly, 847. where slain in a set-battle, 126. Commodus, Emperor, stil’d by his Flatterers Britannicus, 919. – commanded every one to call him Hercules Son of Jupiter, ib. Asclepiodatus, defeated Allectus in a set-battle, 372.

Aureval Roger de. 146

Avon, – river, 87, 102, 133, 270, 495, 511, 597, in British, what, 515, 747. y Sant, 798

Avonog, 771

Auranches Henry of, Poet-Laureat to K. Henry III. 6, 589

Ausculph, Prince of Dublin, 1366. besieg’d Dublin in the hands of the English, ib.

Ausley-Castle, 612

AUSOBA, river, 1380

Ausonius, 759

Aust, 278. Clive, ib.

Austin (the English Apostle) sent hither by Gregory the Great, clxv. converted the English to Christianity, ib. fix’d an Episcopal See at Canterbury, 239. where he landed, 243. consecrated Melitus first Bishop of London under the Saxons, 379. disputed with the British Bishops about matters relating to the Church, 629. his Oak, ib.

AUTERI, 1378, 1381

Aw, river, 1242

Awkenbury, 507

Awn, 1347

Ax, river, 43

Axanminster, 43

AXANTOS, 1523

AXELODUNUM, 1083

Axey, 573

Axholme-Island, ib. its extent, ib.

Axmouth, 44

Axones, a People of Gaul, clvii

Aylesford, 218, 230. Earl of, 230

Azores, 10, 1522

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Last updated Friday, March 7, 2014 at 13:06