Britannia, by William Camden

The
ANNALS of IRELAND.

Big I IN the Year of our Lord MCLXII. died Gregory, the first Archbishop of Dublin, a worthy Person in all respects; and was succeeded by S. Laurence O Thothil, Abbot of S.  Kemnus de Glindelagh. Thomas is made Archbishop of Canterbury.

MCLXVI. Rothericke O Conghir, Prince of Conaught, was made King and Monarch of Ireland.

MCLXVII. died Maud-the Empress. This Year Almarick King of Jerusalem took Babylon; and Dermic Mac Morrogh Prince of Leinster, while O Rork King of Meth was employed in a foreign expedition, carry’d away his Wife, who suffer’d her self to be ravish’d with no great difficulty; for she her self contriv’d it, as we find in Cambrensis.

MCLXVIII. Donate King of Uriel, founder of Mellifont Abby, departed this Life. This Year, Robert Fitz Stephens, neither unmindful of his promise, nor regardless of his faith, came into Ireland with thirty * Knights. * Militibus.

MCLXIX. Richard Earl of Strogul sent before him into Ireland, a certain young Gentleman of his own Family, nam’d Remund, with ten Knights, about the Kalends of May. The same Earl Richard, this Year, attended with about 200 Knights, and others to the number of a thousand or thereabouts, arriv’d here on S. Bartholomew’s eve. This Richard was the son of Gilbert Earl of Stroghul (that is, Chippestow, formerly Strogul) and of Isabel, † Matertera.Aunt by the Mother’s side to King Malcolm and William King of Scotland, and Earl David a hopeful young man; and, the morrow after the same Apostle, they took the said City; where Eva, Daughter of Dermick, was lawfully marry’d to Earl Richard, and her Father gave her.

MCLXX. S. Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, suffer’d martyrdom. This same year, the City of Dublin was taken by Earl Richard, and his party; and the Abby de Castro Dei, i.e. of God’s Castle, was founded.

MCLXXI. died Dermick Mac Morrah, of a great age, at Fernys, about the Kalends of May.

MCLXXII. The Valiant King Henry arriv’d at Waterford with 500 Knights; and, among other things, bestow’d Meth upon * * Dominus.Sir Hugh Lacy. The Abby de Fonte vivo was founded this year.

MCLXXIV. Gelasius Archbishop of Armagh, the first Primate of Ireland, a pious man, died at a great age. He is said to have been the first Archbishop that wore the Pall: His Predecessors were only titular Archbishops and Primates, in reverence and honour to S. Patrick, the Apostle of this Nation; whose See was had in so much Veneration by all, that not only Bishops and Priests, and those of the Clergy, submitted themselves to this Bishop, but all the Kings and Princes. Gilbert, a Prelate of great worth, succeeded him in the Archbishoprick.

MCLXXV. William King of Scots was taken Prisoner at Alnwick.

MCLXXVI. Bertram de Verdon founded the Abby of Crokisdenne.

MCLXXVII. Earl Richard dy’d at Dublin about the Kalends of May, and was buried in Trinity-Church there. This year, Vivian Presbyter Cardinal of S. Stephen in monte Callio, was sent Legat of the Apostolick See into Ireland, by Pope Alexander.

MCLXXVIII. On the ninth of the Kalends of December, the Abby of Samaria was founded. This same year Rose-Vale, that is, Rossglass, was founded.

MCLXXIX. Miles Cogan, and Ralph the son of Fitz-Stephen, his Son-in-law, were slain between Waterford, and Lismore, &c. as we read in Cambrensis. The same year, Harvie Mont-Marish enter’d into the Monastery of S. Trinity in Canterbury; who founded the Monastery of S. Mary de Portu, i.e. of Don Broth.

MCLXXX. was founded the Abby of the Quire of St. Benedict; and also the Abby of Geripount. This year, Laurence Archbishop of Dublin, on the eighteenth of the Kalends of December, was bury’d in Normandy in the Church of S. Mary of Aux. To him, succeeded John Cumin, an Englishman, born at Evesham, and elected unanimously by the Clergy of Dublin (the King himself soliciting for him) and was confirm’d by the Pope. This John, afterwards, built S. Patrick’s Church at Dublin.

templars MCLXXXIII. was confirm’d the Order of the Templers and Hospitallers; and the Abby De Lege Dei was founded.

MCLXXXV. John, the King’s Son, made Lord of Ireland by his father, came into Ireland, in the twelfth year of his age; which was the thirteenth since his father’s first coming, the fifteenth since the arrival of Fitz-Stephens, and the fourteenth since the coming of Earl Richard; and return’d again in the same fifteenth year.

MCLXXXVI. was confirm’d the Order of the Carthusians, and the Grandians. This year, Hugh Lacy was kill’d treacherously by an Irishman at Dervath, because the said Hugh intended to build a Castle there; and as he was shewing an Irishman how to work with a Pick-ax, and bow’d his head forward, resting on both his hands, the Irishman struck off his Head with an Axe; and there the Conquest ended. The same year, Christian Bishop of Lismore (formerly Legat of Ireland, who copy’d those virtues which he had seen in, and heard from, his holy Father St. Bernard, and Pope Eugenius, a venerable person, with whom he liv’d in the Probatory of Clareval, and by whom he was made Legat of Ireland,) after his Obedience perform’d in the Monastery of Kyrieleyson, departed this Life. Jerusalem, and our Lord’s Cross, was taken by the Sultan and the Saracens; and many Christians slain.

MCLXXXVII. On the Kalends of July, the Abby of Ynes in Ulster was founded.

Victoriae MCLXXXIX. K. Henry, Son of the Empress, departed this Life, and was succeeded by his Son Richard, and buried in Font Evrard. This same year, was founded the Abby de Colle Victoriæ, i.e. Cnokmoy.

MCXC. King Richard and King Philip made a Voyage to the Holy Land.

MCXCI. In the Monastery of Clareval, the Translation of Malachy, Bishop of Armagh, was celebrated with great solemnity.

MCXCII. The City of Dublin was burnt.

MCXCIII. Richard, King of England, in his return from the Holy Land, was taken Prisoner by the Duke of Austria, and paid the Emperor 100000 Marks for his Ransom, besides 30000 to the Empress, and 20000 to the Duke, † Pro obligatione quam secerunt eis pro Henricoupon an Obligation, made to them, in behalf of Henry Duke of Saxony. He was detain’d in Prison by the Emperor, a year, six months, and three days; almost all the Chalices throughout England were sold for his ransom. This year was founded the Abby De Jugo Dei.

MCXCIV. The Reliques of S. Malachy, Bishop of Clareval, were brought into Ireland, and receiv’d with great honour, in the Monastery of Mellifont, and the other Monasteries of the Cistercians.

MCXCV. Matthew Archbishop of Cassil Legat of Ireland, and John Archbishop of Dublin, took the Corps of Hugh Lacy who conquer’d Meth, from the Irish; and inter’d it with great solemnity in the Monastery of Becty, or Blessedness: but the Head of the said Hugh was laid in S. Thomas’s Monastery in Dublin.

MCXCVIII. The Order of the Friers Predicants was begun about Tolouse, being founded by Dominick II.

MCXCIX. died Richard King of England, and was succeeded by his Brother John, who was Lord of Ireland and Earl of Moriton: which John slew Arthur the lawful Heir, son of Geffrey, his Brother.

The death of Richard was after this manner. When King Richard besieg’d the Castle of Chaluz in Little Bretagn, he receiv’d his mortal Wound by an Arrow, that was shot by one of those in the Castle, nam’d Bertram de Gourdon. As soon as the King found there was no hope of Life, he committed his Kingdom of England and all his other Possessions, to the Custody of his Brother. All his Jewels and the fourth part of his Treasure he bequeath’d to his Nephew Otho. Another fourth part of his Treasure he left to be distributed among his Servants and the poor People. When Bertram was taken and brought before the King, he ask’d him for what injury he had kill’d him? Bertram, not at all dismay’d, told him, Thou hast kill’d my Father and two of my Brothers with thy own Hand, and didst intend to do the same with me: take therefore what Revenge thou pleasest, I care not, since thou art kill’d who hast done so much mischief in the World. The King pardon’d him, and order’d him to be set at liberty, and to have 100 Shillings Sterling given him. Yet after the King’s death, some of the King’s Officers flea’d, and hang’d him. The King died on the eighteenth of the Ides of April, which happen’d to be the fourth day before Palm-sunday, and the eleventh day after he was wounded. He was buried at Font Eberard, at the feet of his Father. A certain Versificator writ this Distich upon his death,

Istius in morte perimit Formica Leonem,
Proh dolor! in tanto funere mundus obit
.

An Ant a Lyon slew, when Richard fell;
And his must be the World’s great Funeral.

His Corps were divided into three Parts: Whence this, of another Poet,

Viscera Carceolum, Corpus Fons servat Ebrardi,
Et cor Rothomagum, magne Richarde, tuum
.

Great Richard’s Body’s at Fontevrault shown,
His Bowels at Chalons, his Head at Roan.

After the death of King Richard, his Brother John was girt by the Archbishop of Roan with the Sword of the Dukedom of Normandy, on the seventh of the Kalends of May next following: The Archbishop put a Ducal Coronet set round with golden Roses upon his Head. Afterwards, on the sixth of the Kalends of June, he was anointed and crown’d King of England, in S. Peter’s Church Westminster, upon Ascension-day, being attended with all the Nobility of England. Afterwards, he was summon’d to a Parliament in France to answer for the death of his Nephew Arthur, and was depriv’d of Normandy, because he came not accordingly. The same Year, was founded the Abby of Commerer.

Victoriae flay MCC. Cathol Cronerg, King of Conaught, founder of the Abby De Colle Victoriæ, is expell’d Conaught. This Year the Monastery De Voto was founded (that is, Tyntern Monastery) by William Marshall Earl Marshal, and of Pembroch, who was Lord of Leinster, viz. of four Counties, Weisford, Ossory, Caterlagh and Kildare, in right of his Wife: he marry’d the daughter of Richard Earl of Stroghul and of Eve the daughter of Dermic Murcard. This William Earl Marshal being in great danger of Shipwreck a † Die noctuq;night and a day, made a Vow, That if he escap’d and came to Land, he would found a Monastery, and dedicate it to Christ and the Virgin Mary: So, as soon as he arriv’d at Weysford, he founded this Monastery of Tynterne according to his Vow, and it is nam’d De Voto. This year also was founded the Monastery de Flumine Dei.

MCCII. Cathol Cronerg, or Crorobdyr King of Conaught, was restor’d to his Kingdom. The same year, was founded the house of Canons of S. Marie of Connal, by the Lord Meiler Fitz-Henry.

MCCIII. The Abby of S. Saviour, i.e. Dowisky, which was founded before, was finished in this Year and the next.

MCCIV. A Battle was fought between John Courcy first Earl of Ulster and Hugh Lacy, at Doune, with great slaughter on both sides. Yet John Courcy had the Victory. Afterwards, on the sixth day of the Week, being Good-Friday, as the said John was unarm’d and going in Pilgrimage barefoot and in a linnen Vestment, to the Churches, according to custom, he was treacherously taken Prisoner by his own People, for a sum of Money, part in hand, and part promis’d to be paid afterwards; and was deliver’d to Hugh Lacy, who brought him to the King of England, and receiv’d the Earldom of Ulster, and the Seignory of Conaught upon that account, both belonging to John Courcy. Hugh Lacy being made Earl, rewarded the said treacherous Persons with Gold and Silver, tho’ much less; but hang’d them as soon as he had done, and seis’d all their Goods: by this means, Hugh Lacy rules in Ulster, and John Courcy is condemn’d to perpetual Imprisonment, for his former Rebellion against King John, refusing to do him homage, and accusing him of the death of Arthur, the lawful and right Heir to the Crown. While the Earl was in Prison and in great Poverty, having but a small allowance of Provisions, and the same mean and coarse; he said, O God, why dost thou deal thus with me, who have built and repair’d so many Monasteries for thee and thy Saints? After many sorrowful Expostulations of this kind, he fell asleep, and the Holy Trinity appear’d to him, saying, Why hast thou cast me out of my own Seat, and out of the Church of Doun, and plac’d there my S. Patrick the Patron of Ireland? For John Courcy had expell’d the Secular Canons out of the Cathedral Church of Doun, and introduc’d the black Monks of Chester in their room. And the Holy Trinity stood there ¦ ¦ In sede magnitudinus.upon a stately Shrine, and John himself took it down out of the Church, and order’d a Chapel to be built for it, setting up the Image of S. Patrick in the great Church; which displeas’d the most-high God: Wherefore he told him; Assure thy self, thou shalt never set foot in thy Seignory again; but in regard of other good Deeds thou hast done, thou shalt be deliver’d out of Prison with Honour; which happen’d accordingly. For a Controversy arising between John King of England and the King of France about a Lordship and certain Castles, the King of France offer’d to try his right by a Champion. Upon this, the King call’d to mind his valiant Knight John Courcy, whom he cast in Prison upon the information of others; so he sent for him, and ask’d him if he were able to serve him in this Combat? John answer’d, He would not fight for him, but for the Right of the Kingdom he would; which he undertook to do afterwards: And so, refresh’d himself with Meat, Drink and Bathing in the mean while, and recover’d his Strength. Whereupon, a day was appointed for the Engagement of those Champions, namely, John Courcy and the other. But as soon as the Champion of France heard of his mighty † Comestione.Stomach, and Valour, he refus’d the Combat, and the said Seignory was given to the King of England. The King of France then desir’d to see a Blow of the said Courcy. Whereupon, he set a strong Helmet * * Plenam loricis.full of Mails upon a large Block; and the said John took his sword, and, after he had look’d about him in a grim manner, struck the Helmet through from the very Crest, and the sword stuck so fast in the Block, that no one there was able to pull it out, till he himself, at the request of the two Kings, did it with ease. Then they ask’d him, Why he look’d so grim behind him, before he struck? So he told them, If he had fail’d in giving it, he would have certainly cut them all off, as well Kings as others. The Kings made him large Presents, and the King of England restor’d him to his Seignory, viz. Ulster. John Courcy attempted fifteen several times to sail over into Ireland, but was always in danger, and the Winds cross; so he waited a-while among the Monks of Chester. At last he return’d into France, and there dy’d.

MCCV. The Abby of Wetheny in the County of Limerick, was founded by Theobald the Son of Walter Butler, Lord of Carryk.

MCCVI. The Order of Friars Minors was begun near the City Assisa, by S. Francis.

MCCVIII. William de Brewes was banish’d out of England, and came into Ireland. England was put under an Interdict for the Tyranny of King John. A great defeat and slaughter was given at Thurles in Munster by the Lord Geffery Mareys, to the Chief Justice of Ireland’s Men.

MCCX. John King of England came to Ireland with a great Fleet and a strong Army; and the Sons of Hugh Lacy, viz. Walter Lord of Meth, and Hugh his Brother, for their Tyranny, and particularly for the Murder of Sir John Courson, Lord of Rathenny and Kilbarrock (for they had heard, that the said John had accus’d them to the King) were driven out of the Nation by the King. So they fled into France, and serv’d in the Monasteries of S. Taurin unknown, being employ’d in Clay and Brick-work, and sometimes in Gardens, as Gardeners. But at length they were discover’d by the Abbot, who intreated the King on their behalf; for he had baptiz’d their Sons, and had been as a Father to them in many things. So, Walter Lacy paid two thousand five hundred Marks, and Hugh Lacy a great Sum of Money, to the King, for their Ransom; and they were restor’d to their former Degree and Lordship, by the Abbot’s Intercession. Walter Lacy brought with him John the son of Alured, i.e. Fitz-Acory, Son to the aforesaid Abbot’s Brother, and Knighted him, giving him the Seignory of Dengle, and many others. Moreover, he brought Monks with him out of the said Monastery, and bestow’d many Lands upon them, with the Cell call’d Foury; for their Charity, Gratitude, and good Counsel. Hugh Lacy Earl of Ulster built a Cell for the Monks, in Ulster, and endow’d it, in a place call’d ——. John King of England having taken many Hostages, as well of the English as the Irish, and hang’d a number of Malefactors upon Gibbets, and setled Affairs; return’d into England the same Year he came.

MCCXI. The Lord Richard Tuyt was crush’d to death by the fall of a Tower at Alone. He founded the Monastery de Grenard.

MCCXII. The Abby of Grenard was founded. The same year, dy’d John Comyn Archbishop of Dublin, and was buried in the Quire of Trinity-Church; he built S. Patrick’s Church at Dublin. Henry Londres succeeded him, sirnam’d Scorche-Villeyn, from a certain Action of his. For having call’d in his Tenants one day, to know by what Tenure they held of him, they show’d him their Deeds and Charters to satisfie him; whereupon he order’d them to be burnt, and hence had the name of Scorche-Villeyn given him by his Tenants. This Henry Archbishop of Dublin was Justiciary of Ireland, and built Dublin-castle.

MCCXIII. William Petit and Peter Messet departed this life. Peter Messet was Baron of Luyn, hard by Trim; but dying without Heir-male, the Inheritance fell to three Daughters, of whom the Lord Vernail marry’d the eldest, Talbot the second, and Londres the third; who shar’d the Inheritance among them.

MCCXIX. The City of Damieta was miraculously won on the Nones of September about Midnight, without the loss of one Christian.

The same year dy’d William Marshall the Elder, Earl Marshal and Earl of Pembroch, * * The Genealogy of the Earl Marshal.who by his Wife, the Daughter of Richard Strongbow Earl of Strogul, had five Sons: The eldest was call’d William, the second Walter, the third Gilbert, the fourth Anselm, and the fifth Richard, who lost his Life in the War of Kildare; every one successively enjoy’d the Earldom of their Father, and all died without Issue. So the Inheritance devolv’d upon the Sisters, namely, the Daughters of their Father, who were, Maud Marshall the Eldest, Isabel de Clare the second, Eva de Breous the third, Joan de Mount Chensey the fourth, and Sibill Countess of Firrars the fifth. Maud Marshall was marry’d to Hugh Bigod Earl of Norfolk, who was Earl Marshal of England in right of his Wife: By whom he had Ralph Bigod, Father of John Bigod, the Son of the Lady Bertha Furnival; and ¦ ¦ The Widow of Gilbert Lacy.Isabel de Lacy Wife to the Lord John Fitz-Geffery, by whom, after the death of Hugh Bigod Earl of Norfolk, she had John de Guaren, Earl of Surrey, and his Sister Isabel de Albeny Countess of Arundel. Isabel the second Sister was marry’d to Gilbert Clare Earl of Glocester; she had Richard de Clare Earl of Glocester, and the Lady Anise Countess of * * Perhaps Devonia.Averna, who was Mother of Isabel the † † Perhaps, Uxoris.Mother of the Lord Robert Brus, Earl of Carrick in Scotland; afterwards King of that Nation. This place is corrupted. From Eva de Breous the third Sister, descended Maud, the Mother of the Lord Edmund Mortimer, Mother of the Lady Eva de Cauntelow, Mother of the Lady Milsoud de Mohun, who was Mother to Dame Eleanor, Mother to the Earl of Hereford. Joan Marshall the fourth Sister was marry’d to the Lord Guarin of Mount Chensey, and had Issue Joan de Valens. Sybil Countess of Ferrers, the fifth Sister, had Issue seven Daughters; the eldest call’d Agnes Vescie, Mother of the Lord John and the Lord William Vescie; the second Isabel Basset, the third Joan Bohun, Wife to the Lord John Mohun, Son of the Lord Reginald; the fourth, Sibyl de Mohun, Wife to the Lord Francis de Bohun Lord of Midhurst; the fifth Eleanor Vaus, Wife to the Earl of Winchester; the sixth * * Agatha.Agas Mortimer, Wife to the Lord Hugh Mortimer; the seventh Maud Kyme, Lady of Karbry. All these, both Males and Females, are the Posterity of the said William Earl Marshal.

MCCXX. The Translation of S. Thomas of Canterbury. The same year died the Lord Meiler Fitz-Henry, founder of Connal, and was bury’d in the Chapter-House of the said Foundation.

MCCXXIV. The Castle of Bedford was besieg’d, and the Castle of Trim in Ireland.

MCCXXV. dy’d Roger Pippard; and in the year MCCXXVIII. dy’d William Pippard, formerly Lord of the Salmon-leap. This year dy’d likewise Henry Londres, alias Scorche-Villeyn, Archbishop of Dublin, and was bury’d in Trinity-church there.

MCCXXX. Henry King of England gave Hubert Burk the Justiceship, and the Third-Penny of Kent; and made him Earl of Kent. Afterward, the same Hubert was imprison’d, and great Troubles arose between the King and his Subjects, because he favour’d Strangers more than his own natural Subjects.

MCCXXXI. William Mareschall the younger, Earl Marshal and Earl of Pembroch, departed this life, and was bury’d in the Quire of the Friers Predicants in Kilkenny.

MCCXXXIV. Richard Earl Mareschall Earl of Pembroch and Strogull, was wounded in a Battel in the Plain of Kildare on the first of the Ides of April, and some few days after dy’d in Kilkenny, and was there buried, hard by his ¦ ¦ Germanum.Brother, viz. William, in the Quire of the Friers Predicants: Of whom this is written;

Cujus sub fossa Kilkennia continet ossa.

MCCXL. Walter de Lacy Lord of Meth dy’d this year in England, leaving two Daughters to inherit; of whom, the first was married to the Lord Theobald de Verdon, and the second to Geffery de Genevile.

MCCXLIII. This year, dy’d Hugh Lacy Earl of Ulster, and was buried at Cragfergous, in the Convent of the Friers Minors; leaving a Daughter and heir, who was married to Walter Burk Earl of Ulster. The same year dy’d the Lord Gerald Fitz-Maurice, and Lord Richard de Burgo.

MCCXLVI. An Earthquake about nine of the Clock over all the West.

MCCXLVIII. Sir John Fitz-Geffery Knight, came Lord Justiciary into Ireland.

MCCL. Lewis King of France and William Long-Espee were taken Prisoners, with many others, by the Saracens. In Ireland Maccanewey, a Son of Belial, was slain in Leys, as he had well deserv’d.

In the year MCCLI. The Lord Henry Lacy was born. Upon Christmas-day likewise, Alexander King of Scots, in the 11th year of his Age, was contracted to Margaret, the daughter of the King of England, at York.

MCCLV. Alan de la Zouch was made and came Justiciary into Ireland.

MCCLVII. This year dy’d the Lord Maurice Fitz-Gerald.

MCCLIX. Stephen Long-Espee came Justiciary into Ireland. The green Castle in Ulster was demolish’d. William Dene was made Justiciary of Ireland.

MCCLXI. The Lord John Fitz-Thomas, and the Lord Maurice his Son were slain in Desmond by Mac Karthy. Also, William Dene Justiciary of Ireland dy’d, and the Lord Richard Capel was put in his room the same year.

MCCLXII. Richard Clare Earl of Glocester died this year; as also, Martin de Maundevile on the morrow of S. Bennet.

MCCLXIV. Maurice Fitz-Gerald and Maurice Fitz-Maurice took Prisoners Richard Capel, the Lord Theobald Botiller, and the Lord John Cogan, at Tristel-Dermot.

MCCLXVII. David de Barry was made Justiciary of Ireland.

MCCLXVIII. Comin Maurice Fitz-Maurice was drown’d. Also, the Lord Robert Ufford was made Justiciary of Ireland.

MCCLXIX. The Castle of Roscomon was begun this year. Richard of Exeter was made Justiciary.

MCCLXX. The Lord James de Audley came Justiciary into Ireland.

MCCLXXI. Henry the son of the King of Almain was slain in the Court of Rome. Plague, Famine and Sword rag’d this year, particularly in Meth. Nicholas de Verdon and his Brother John were slain. Walter de Burgo Earl of Ulster dy’d.

MCCLXXII. The Lord James de Audley, Justiciary of Ireland, was kill’d by a fall from his Horse in Tothomon, and was succeeded in the Office of Chief Justice by the Lord Maurice Fitz-Maurice.

MCCLXXIII. The Lord Geffery de Genevile return’d from the Holy Land, and was made Justiciary of Ireland.

MCCLXXIV. * * King Edward 1.Edward, son of King Henry, was anointed and crown’d King of England by Robert Kilwarby, of the Order of Friers-Predicants, and Archbishop of Canterbury, upon S. Magnus the Martyr’s day, in the Church of Westminster, in the presence of all the Nobility of England. His Profession or Oath was in this form. I Edward, son and heir of King Henry, do profess, protest and promise before God and his Angels, from this time forward, to maintain without favour or affection, the Law, Justice and Peace of the Church of God, and the People subject unto me; so far as we can devise by the counsel of our faithful Ministers; as also, to exhibit due and canonical Honour to the Bishops of God’s Church, and to preserve unto them inviolably whatsoever has been granted by former Emperors and Kings to the Church of God; and to pay due Honour to the Abbots and the Lord’s Ministers, according to the advice of our Council, &c. So help me God, and the holy Gospels of the Lord. This year, dy’d the Lord John Verdon, and the Lord Thomas de Clare came into Ireland. And William Fitz-Roger Prior of the Hospitallers, was taken Prisoner at Glyndelory, with many others; and more were slain.

MCCLXXV. The Castle of Roscomon was built again. The same year Moydagh was taken Prisoner at Norragh by the Lord Walter le Faunte.

MCCLXXVI. Robert de Ufford was made Justiciary of Ireland, upon the surrender of Geffery de Genevill.

MCCLXXVII. O Brene slain.

MCCLXXVIII. The Lord David de Barry died this year, as also the Lord John de Cogan.

MCCLXXIX. The Lord Robert d’Ufford went into England; and appointed Frier Robert de Fulborne, Bishop of Waterford, to supply his place: In whose time, the Money was chang’d. A Round Table was also held at Kenylworth by the Lord Roger Mortimer.

MCCLXXX. Robert d’Ufford return’d from England, being still Justiciary, as before. His Wife dy’d this year.

MCCLXXXI. Adam Cusak the younger kill’d William Barret and many others in Conaught. Frier Stephen Fulborn was made Justiciary of Ireland. The Lord Robert d’Ufford return’d into England.

MCCLXXXII. This Year Moritagh and Arte Mac-Murgh his Brother were slain at Arclowe on S. Mary Magdalen Eve: And the Lord Roger Mortimer dy’d.

MCCLXXXIII. The City of Dublin was in part burnt; and the Belfrey of Trinity Church, on the third of the Nones of January.

MCCLXXXIV. The Castle of Ley was taken by the petty Kings of Offaly, and burnt, the morrow after S. Barnaby’s Day. Alphonsus the King’s Son, being twelve years old, departed this Life.

MCCLXXXV. The Lord Theobald le Botiller, dy’d on the 6th of the Kalends of October, in the Castle of Arclowe, and was buried there in the Convent of the Friers Predicants. Gerald Fitz-Maurice was taken Prisoner by his own Irish Subjects in Ofaly; with Richard Petit and S. Doget, and many others; and at Rathode, there was a great slaughter.

MCCLXXXVI. Le Norragh and Arstol, with other Villages, were successively burnt by William Stanton, on the 16th of the Kalends of December. About this time Eleanor Queen of England, mother of King Edward, took the religious habit at Ambresbury on the day of S. Thomas’s translation, having her dower confirmed by the Pope, and assur’d to her. Also, Calwagh was taken Prisoner at Kildare. The Lord Thomas Clare departed this Life.

MCCLXXXVII. This year dy’d Stephen Fulborn, Archbishop of Tuam, and was succeeded in the Office of Justiciary, for a time, by John Sampford Archbishop of Dublin. This year the King of Hungary renounc’d Christianity, and turn’d Apostate, and having fraudulently assembl’d his Nobility under pretence of a Parliament, Miramomelius, a potent Saracen came upon them with an Army of 20000 men, and carry’d away the King and all the Christians there, prisoners, on S. John Baptist’s eve. As the Christians were carried along, the weather turn’d from fair to cloudy, and a sudden tempest of Hail kill’d many thousands of the Infidels. The Christians return’d to their own homes; but the Apostate King went alone with the Saracens. The Hungarians crown’d his Son King, and continu’d in the Catholick Faith.

MCCLXXXIX. Tripoly, a famous City, was demolish’d, after great effusion of Christian blood, by the Sultan of Babylon: Who commanded the Images of the Saints to be dragg’d at the horses tails through the ruinous City, in contempt of Christ.

   MCCXC.

Inclyta stirps Regis sponsis datur ordine legis.

The Issue of the King becomes a Spouse.

The Lord Gilbert de Clare took to Wife the Lady Joan de Acon, daughter of our Lord King Edward, in the Abby of Westminster; and the marriage was celebrated in May: And John, Son of the Duke of Brabant, marry’d Margaret the said King’s daughter, in the Church aforesaid, in July. This year, the Lord William Vescie was made Justiciary of Ireland, and enter’d upon the Office on S. Martin’s day. Also, O Molaghelyn King of Meth was slain.

MCCXCI. Gilbert de Clare, son of Gilbert and the Lady Joan de Acon, was born on the 11th of May, betimes in the morning. Also, there was an army led into Ulster, against O Hanlan and other petty Princes who had broken the Peace, by Richard Earl of Ulster and William de Vescie Justiciary of Ireland. Also, the Lady Eleanor, formerly Queen of England and mother of King Edward, dy’d on S. John’s day, after a laudable life spent for four years eleven months and six days in a religious habit, in the Abby of Ambresby, where she was a Nun. Also, the news came to our Lord Pope Martin, on the eve of S. Mary Magdalen, concerning the city of Acon in the Holy Land (which was the only place of refuge for the Christians,) that it was besieg’d by Milkadar the Sultan of Babylon, with a numerous army. He besieg’d it hotly for about forty days, viz. from the 8th of the Ides of April till the 15th of the Kalends of July. At last, the wall was pull’d down by the Saracens, and they enter’d the city in great numbers; many Christians being slain, and some drown’d in the sea through fear: Among whom, was the Patriarch and his Train. The King of Cyprus and Oto de Grandison escap’d in a ship, with their followers. Also, the Lord Pope Martin granted our Lord King Edward, the tenth of all Ecclesiastical Benefices in Ireland, for seven years, towards the relief of the Holy Land. Also, the eldest son of the Earl of Clare was born.

MCCXCII. Edward King of England enter’d Scotland again, and was chosen King. The Lord John de Balliol of Gallweya obtain’d the whole Kingdom of Scotland by right of Inheritance, and did homage to our Lord Edward King of England at Newcastle upon Tine on S. Stephen’s day. Florentius Earl of Holland, Robert Brus Earl of Carrick, John Hastings, John Comin, Patrick de Dunbar, John Vescie, Nicholas Souls, and William Roos (who had Estates in the said Kingdom) submitted themselves to the Judgment of King Edward.

Also, a fifteenth of all the Goods of the Laity in Ireland, was granted to our Lord the King of England, to be collected on the Feast of S. Michael. Also, Sir Peter de Genevile Knight, dy’d this year. Also, Rice ap Meredyke was brought to York, and there * * Ad caudas equorum distractus.pull’d to pieces at horses tails, &c.

MCCXCIII. A general and open war was this year wag’d at sea with the Normans. Also, no small number of the Normans was cut off in a sea-fight, by the Barons of the Ports of England, and others their assistants, between Easter and Whitsuntide. Upon this, a war broke out between England and France; and Philip King of France directed his letters of citation to the King of England to appear in person at his Parliament, to answer what the King had to object to him; but finding no compliance with this order, he forthwith, by the counsel of his Parliament, declar’d him outlaw’d, and condemn’d him. Also, Gilbert de Clare Earl of Glocester and his wife, came into Ireland, about the Feast of S. Luke.

MCCXCIV. William Montfort dy’d suddenly, in the King’s Council at Westminster before the King. He was Dean of S. Paul’s in London. The Bishops and Clergy, who doubted how much the King would expect from every one of them, and were willing to be satisfied, had instructed him as a person whom the King would confide in, what to signifie from them to his Majesty; and as soon as he return’d to the King and was addressing himself to speak as he had design’d, he was speechless, and fell down, and was carry’d out by the King’s servants in a miserable condition. Upon this sight, people grew fearful, and began to recollect how he was the great procurer of the Tenths of ecclesiastical benefices to the King, and of the Inquisition upon the fold of Christ, as also of the contributions granted to the King afterward. Also, the city of Bordeaux with the adjacent country of Gascoign, was taken into possession by the servants of the King of France upon certain conditions, but was detain’d unjustly and treacherously by the said King. John Archbishop of Dublin, and some other great men, were sent to the King in Almain upon this account: After they had receiv’d their answer in Tordran, the Archbishop return’d into England, and dy’d on S. Leodegary’s day. The bones of which John Sampford were interr’d in S. Patrick’s

Church in Dublin, on the 10th day of the Kalends of March.

The same year, there arose a debate between the Lord William de Vescy, then Justiciary of Ireland, and the Lord John Fitz-Thomas; and the said Lord William de Vescy went into England, and left the Lord William de la Hay to officiate as Justiciary. But when both were before the King for combat, upon an appeal, for treason, William Vescy fled into France, and would not fight. Whereupon, the King of England gave all the Seignories, that belong’d to him, to the Lord John Fitz-Thomas, viz. Kildare, Rathemgan, and many others.

The same year, Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Glocester, return’d out of Ireland into England. Likewise Richard Earl of Ulster, soon after S. Nicholas’s day, was taken prisoner by the Lord John Fitz-Thomas, and kept in the castle of Ley, till the feast of S. Gregory, Pope; but was then set at liberty by the Council of our Lord the King in a Parliament at Kilkenny. The said Lord John Fitz-Thomas gave all his lands, which he had in Conaught, viz. Slygo, with other Possessions, for taking him.

Also, this year, the Castle of Kildare was taken; Kildare and the Country round it was wasted by the English and the Irish. Calvagh burnt all the Rolls and Tallies of the Earl. This year, and the two following, there was a great Dearth and Pestilence throughout Ireland. Also, the Lord William Dooddyngzele was made Justiciary of Ireland.

MCCXCV. Edward King of England built the Castle de Bello Marisco, i.e. Beaumaris in Venedocia, which is call’d the mother of Cambria, but commonly Anglesey, and enter’d it immediately after Easter, making the Venedotes, i.e. the able men of Anglesey, subject to him. Soon after this, viz. about the Feast of S. Margaret, Madock (at that time Elect of Wales) submitted himself to the King’s mercy, and was brought to London by the Lord John de Haverings, where he was put in the Tower, to wait the King’s grace and favour. This year dy’d the Lord William Dooddyngzele Justiciary of Ireland, the day after S. Mary of Egypt. The Lord Thomas Fitz-Maurice succeeded him. Also, about the same time, the Irish in Leinster destroy’d that Province, burning the new Castle, with other Villages. Also, Thomas de Torbevile, a seducer of the King and betrayer of his Country, was drawn through the middle of London, naked and prostrate, and encompass’d with four Executioners in Vizards, who revil’d him as he went along. At last, he was gibbeted, and deny’d the privilege of Burial; having none to attend his Funeral, but Kites and Crows. This Thomas was one of those, who in the Siege of the Castle of Rions were taken, and carry’d to Paris. Whereupon, he promis’d the Nobility of France, that he would deliver to them the King of England; and leaving his two Sons as hostages, he came over, and told the King of England and his Council, how narrowly he escap’d out of Prison. When he had inform’d himself of the designs of the King, and state of the Kingdom, he sent the whole in writing, to the Provost of Paris. Of which being convicted, he was executed in the manner aforesaid. About the same time, the Scots having broken the Peace, which they had enter’d into with our Lord the King of England, made a new league with the King of France, and conspiring together, rose up in Arms against their own Sovereign Lord and King John Balliol, and shut him up, in the inner parts of Scotland, in a Castle encompass’d with high Mountains. They chose, after the custom of France, twelve Peers, namely four Bishops, four Earls, and four other Noblemen, to administer the Government. This was done in pure spight to the King of England, because he had set the said John over them, against their will and consent. The King of England carry’d another Army into Scotland the Lent following, to chastise the Scots for their presumption and arrogance against their own Father and King. Also, the Lord John Wogan was made Justiciary of Ireland, and the Lord Thomas Fitz-Maurice surrender’d. This John Wogan, Justiciary of Ireland, made a Truce for two years between the Earl of Ulster, and John Fitz-Thomas, and the Geraldines. About Christmas-day this year, the Lord Gilbert de Clare Earl of Glocester departed this life. Also, the King of England sent his Brother Edward with an Army into Gascoign.

MCCXCVI. The Lord Edward King of England, on the third of the Kalends of April, viz. on Friday (then Easter-week) took Berwick, with the slaughter of about seven thousand Scots, and not of above one of the English Knights, viz. the Lord Richard of Cornwall, and seven more of the Foot. Shortly after, on the fourth of May, he enter’d the Castle of Dunbar, and took about forty of the Enemy Prisoners (who submitted themselves to the King’s mercy) having before defeated the whole Army of the Scots; that is to say, slain seven hundred Horse, with the loss of Foot only on the English side.

Also, on S. John Port-latin-day, about 15000 Welch were sent to invade Scotland by the King’s Order. At the same time, the Nobility of Ireland, viz. John Wogan Justiciary, Richard Bourk Earl of Ulster, Theobald Butler and John Fitz-Thomas, with others, came to assist in this Expedition, and sail’d to Scotland. The King of England entertain’d them, with others of the English Nobility (on the third of the Ides of May, viz. Whitsunday) at a noble Feast, in the castle of Rokesburgh. Also, on the Wednesday next, before S. Barnabas, he enter’d the Town of Edinburgh, and won the castle before the Feast of S. John Baptist: shortly after, the same Summer, all the castles in Scotland were surrender’d to him. Also, John Balliol King of Scotland came (tho’ much against his will) to the King of England, on the Sunday next after the Translation of S. Thomas the Archbishop, attended with many Earls, Bishops and Knights, and they surrender’d all to the King’s mercy, saving life and limb; and their Lord John Balliol gave up all his Right and Title in Scotland to the King of England; who sent him under a safe guard towards London.

Also, Edmund, Brother of the King of England, dy’d in Gascoign.

MCCXCVII. Our Lord Edward, King of England, sail’d into Flanders with an Army against the King of France, because of the war begun between them; where, after much expence and altercation, it was concluded between them, that they should stand to the award and judgment of the Pope. wallace welsh Messengers were sent to the Court of Rome by both sides; but while the King was in Flanders, William Walleis (according to a general Resolution of the Scots) came with a great Army to Strivelin-bridge and engag’d the Lord John Warren; in which Battel many were slain on both sides, and many drown’d; but the English were defeated. This occasion’d a general Insurrection in Scotland, of Earls as well as Barons, against the King of England. There was also at this time a Quarrel between the King of England and Roger Bigod Earl Marshal; but this was soon made up. S. Lewis, Son of the King of Sicily (a Frier minor and Archbishop of Cologn) dy’d. Also, the son and heir of the King of Maliager, i.e. of the Islands of Majorca, instituted the Order of the Friers-minors, at the direction of S. Lewis, who bid him go and do it. Also, Lechlin in Ireland, with other Towns, were burnt by the Irish of Slemergi.

Also, Calwagh O Hanlen, and Yneg Mac-Mahon, were slain in Urgale.

MCCXCVIII. Pope Boniface IV. on the morrow of the Feast of S. Peter and S. Paul, all things being then quiet, made Peace between England and France, upon certain Terms. Also, Edward King of England, led an Army again into Scotland, to conquer it. There were slain in this Expedition (about the Feast of S. Mary Magdalen) many thousands of the Scots, at Fawkirk. The Sun appear’d that day as red as Blood, in Ireland, while the Battel at Fawkirk continu’d. Also, about the same time the King of England gave to his Knights the Earldoms and Baronies of those Scots that were slain. In Ireland, Peace was concluded between the Earl of Ulster and the Lord John Fitz-Thomas, about the Feast of Simon and Jude. Also, the morrow after the Feast of the seven Sleepers, the Sun-beams were chang’d into a bloodish colour, from morning, to the great admiration of every one. Also, this year dy’d the Lord Thomas Fitz-Maurice Knight, and the Lord Robert Bigod, sometime Justiciary in the Bench. Also, in the City Artha, and in Reath in Italy, during the stay of Pope Boniface in those parts, there happen’d so great an Earthquake, that Towers and Palaces fell down; and the Pope and his Cardinals fled out of the City in great consternation.

Also, on the Feast of Epiphany, there was an Earthquake in England, from Canterbury to Hampton; but not very violent.

MCCXCIX. The Lord Theobald le Botiller the younger, dy’d in the Manour of Turby, on the second of the Ides of May: His Corps was convey’d towards Weydeneyam, i.e. Weney, in the County of Limerick, on the sixth of the Kalends of June.

Also, Edward King of England marry’d the Lady Margaret, Sister to the illustrious King of France, in Trinity-church at Canterbury, about the Feast of the Holy Trinity. Also, the Sultan of Babylon with an Army of Saracens, was defeated by Cassan King of Tartary.

MCCXCIX. On the day after the Purification, there was an infinite number of Saracen-horse slain, and besides, an infinite number of Foot. Also, there was this year a Fight of Dogs at Genelon-Castle in Burgundy; the number of the Dogs was 3000, and they were all kill’d but one. Also, this year many Irish came to the Castle of Roch, before the Annunciation, to annoy the Lord Theobald de Verdon.

MCCC. The * * Numisma Pollardorum.Pollard-money was prohibited in England and Ireland. Also, Edward King of England enter’d Scotland with an Army in Autumn, but was forbid by an order from Pope Boniface; and, to excuse himself, he sent special messengers to the Court of Rome. Also, Thomas, son of the King of England, was born at Brotherton, by Margaret the King of France’s Sister, on the last of May. Also, Edward Earl of Cornwall dy’d without Issue, and was bury’d in the Abby of Hailes.

MCCCI. Edward King of England enter’d Scotland with an Army; and the Lord John Wogan Justiciary of Ireland, and the Lord John Fitz-Thomas, and Peter Bermingham, and many others, set sail from Ireland to assist him. Also, a great part of the City of Dublin was burnt down, together with the Church of S. Warbutga, on S. Columb’s night. Also, the Lord of Genevil marry’d the Daughter of the Lord John de Montefort; and the Lord John Mortimer marry’d the daughter and heir of the Lord Peter de Genevil; and the Lord Theobald de Verdon marry’d the daughter of the Lord Roger Mortimer. The People of Leinster took up Arms in Winter, and burnt the Towns of Wykynlo and Rathdon, &c. but they suffer’d for it; for the greatest part of their Provisions at home was burnt, and their Cattel made plunder; so that they had certainly been undone for ever, if a sedition had not happen’d among the English at that juncture. Also, a small company of the Brenies were defeated by the Tolans, and 300 of those Robbers were cut off. Also, a great part of Mounster was wasted by Walter Power, and many houses burnt.

MCCCII. This year, dy’d the Lady Margaret, Wife of the Lord John Wogan, Justiciary of Ireland, on the third of the Ides of April: and the Week following, Maud Lacy, the Wife of the Lord Geffery de Genevil, dy’d likewise. Also, Edmund le Botiller recover’d the Manour de † † Holywood, fortè.S. Bosco, with the Appurtenances thereunto belonging, from the Lord R. de Feringes Archbishop of Dublin, upon an Accommodation made between them in the King’s Bench, after the feast of S. Hilary.

Also, the Flemings defeated the French in Flanders at Courtenay, the Wednesday after the Feast of the Translation of S. Thomas. In this Engagement, were slain the Earl of Artois, the Earl of Albemarle, the Earl of Hue, Ralph de Neel Constable of France, Guy de Nevil, Marshal of France, the Earl of Hennaund’s son, Godfrey de Brabant and his son, William de Fenlys and his son: James de S. Paul lost his hand, and forty Baronets were slain that day; with Knights, Squires, &c. without number.

Also, The Tenths of all Ecclesiastical Benefices in England and Ireland were exacted by Pope Boniface for three Years, for the support of the Church of Rome against the King of Arragon. Also, on the day of the Circumcision, the Lord Hugh de Lacy plunder’d Hugh Vernail. This Year, Robert le Brus Earl of Carrick, marry’d Elizabeth, daughter of the Lord Richard Bourk, Earl of Ulster. Also, Edward Botiller marry’d the daughter of the Lord John Fitz-Thomas. Also, the City of Bourdeaux, with others thereabouts (which Edward King of England had formerly lost by the sedition of the French) were restor’d upon S. Andrew’s-eve, by the means of the Lord John Hastings.

MCCCIII. Richard Bourk Earl of Ulster, and the Lord Eustace de Power, invaded Scotland with a strong Army: But after the Earl himself had made 33 Knights in the Castle of Dublin, he passed over into Scotland to assist the King of England. Also, Gerald son and heir of the Lord John Fitz-Thomas departed this life. This year, the King and Queen of France were excommunicated, with all their Children, by Pope Boniface; who also confirm’d all the privileges of the University of Paris. Soon after, the Pope was taken, and kept, as it were in Prison, three whole days: Soon after, the Pope dy’d. The Countess of Ulster dy’d likewise about this time. Also, Walran de Wellesly and the Lord Robert de Percivall were slain this year, on the eleventh of the Kalends of November.

MCCCIV. A great part of Dublin was burnt down, viz. the Bridge-street, a good part of the Key, the Church of the Friers Predicants, the Church of the Monks and a great part of the Monastery, on the Ides of June, namely, on the Feast of S. Medard. Also, this year was laid the foundation of the Quire of the Friers-Predicants, in Dublin, by the Lord Eustace le Power, on the feast of S. Agatha the Virgin.

Also, after the Purification, the King of France invaded Flanders in person, with a brave Army. He behav’d himself gallantly in this War, and in one Battel had two or three Horses kill’d under him: But at last he lost the Cap under his Helmet; which the Flemings carry’d off as a * * Vexillum.Standard, upon a Spear, in derision; and in all the Fairs in Flanders it was hung out at the high Window of some great House, like the Sign of an Inn, as a Token of their Victory.

MCCCV. Jordan Comyn and his Accomplices, kill’d Moritagh O Conghir King of Offaley, and Calwagh his ¦ ¦ Germanum.whole Brother, and certain others, in the Court of the Lord Peter de Brymegham, at Carryck in Carbery. Likewise the Lord Gilbert de Sutton Seneschal of Weisford was slain by the Irish, near the Village of Haymond de Grace; which Haymond fought stoutly in this Skirmish, and escap’d by his great Valour.

Also, in Scotland, the Lord Robert de Brus Earl of Carrick, not regarding his Oath of Allegiance to the King of England, slew the Lord John Rede Comyn within the Cloister of the Friers-minors of Dunfrese, and soon after got himself crown’d King of Scotland by the hands of two Bishops, of S. Andrews and Glasco, in the Town of Scone, to the ruin of himself and many others.

MCCCVI. In Offaley near Greshil-castle, a great defeat was given to O Conghor by the O Dympcies, on the Ides of April, in which O Dympcy † Dux.Commander of the Regani, with a great Retinue, was slain. Tothomoniae pirates quay Also, O Brene K. of * * Tothomoniæ.Towmond dy’d this year. Also, Donald Oge Mac-carthy slew Donald Ruff, King of Desmond. Also, a sad overthrow was given to a Party of the Lord Piers Brymeghan, in the Marches of Meth, on the fourth of the Kalends of May. Also, Balimore in Leinster was burnt by the Irish, and Henry Calfe was slain there at the same time; and a War broke out between the English and the Irish in Leinster, and a great Army was drawn together from all parts to keep the Irish of Leinster within bounds. Sir Thomas Mandevil, a gallant Knight, had in this Expedition a sharp conflict with the Irish near Glenfell, wherein he fought bravely till his Horse was slain, and won great honour, for the saving the lives of several others as well as his own.

Also, Master Thomas Cantok Chancellor of Ireland, was consecrated Bishop of Ymelasen, in Trinity-Church in Dublin, with great honour: the ¦ ¦ Majores natu.Elders of Ireland were all present at this Consecration; and there was such great feasting both for rich and poor, as had never been known before in Ireland. Also, Richard de Feringes Archbishop of Dublin dy’d on S. Luke’s-eve, and was succeeded by Master Richard Haverings, who held that See almost five years by the Pope’s dispensation. At last he resign’d his Archbishoprick, and was succeeded by John Lech.

The Cause of this resignation (as the Archdeacon of Dublin, his nephew and a very good man, related it) was a dream which he had one night, That a certain monster, heavier than the whole World, stood upright upon his breast, and that he would have renounced all he had in this world, to be rid of it. When he awak’d, he began to reflect, that this was certainly the Church of Dublin; the profits whereof he had receiv’d, without taking pains to deserve them. Upon this, he went to the Pope, with whom he was much in favour, as soon as he possibly could, and relinquish’d his Archbishoprick. For he had (as the same Archdeacon averr’d) other benefices of greater value, than the Archbishoprick it self.

Also, On the feast of Pentecost, at London, King Edward confer’d Knighthood upon his son Edward, and about 400 Knights * * Neoptolizati.were created at the same feast; sixty of whom were made by the said Edward of Carnarvan, as soon as himself had been knighted: He held the feast in London, at the new Temple; and his father gave him the Dutchy of Aquitain.

Also, On the feast of S. Potentiana, the Bishops of Winchester and Worcester, by order from the Pope, excommunicated Robert Brus, the pretended King of Scotland and his party, for the death of John Rede Comyn. This year, on S. Boniface’s day, Aumar de Valence Earl of Pembroch, and Lord Guy Earl :::: cut off many of the Scots, and the Lord Robert Brus was defeated near the town of S. Johns. This year, at the nativity of S. John Baptist, King Edward went † Per aquam de Newerk usque Lincolniam.by water from Newerk to Lincoln, toward Scotland.

Also, This year the Earl of Asceles, the Lord Simon Freysell, and the Countess of Carryck, the pretended Queen of Scotland, daughter to the Earl of Ulster, were taken prisoners. The Earl of Asceles, and the Lord Simon Freysell, were † Dilaceratus.torn in pieces. The Countess remain’d with the King in great honour, but the rest dy’d miserably in Scotland.

galleys Also, About the feast of the Purification, two brothers of Robert Brus who were both Pyrats, going out of their Gallies a-shore for plunder, were taken prisoners, with Sixteen Scots besides; the two brothers were torn in pieces at Carlisle, and the rest hang’d.

Also, Upon S. Patrick’s day, Mac Nochi and his two Sons were taken prisoners near the New Castle, in Ireland, by Thomas Sueterby; and there, Lorran Oboni, a stout robber, was beheaded.

MCCCVII. On the third of the Kalends of April, Murcord Ballagh was beheaded by Sir David Caunton, a valiant Knight, near Marton; and soon after, Adam Dan was slain.

Also, On S. Philip and S. Jacob’s day, Oscheles gave the English a bloody defeat in Conaught.

Also, The castle of Cashill was pull’d down by the rapparees of Offaly; and on the eve of the translation of S. Thomas, they burnt the town of Lye, and besieg’d the castle; but the siege was soon rais’d by John Fitz-Thomas and Edward Botiller.

Also, This year dy’d King Edward [the first,] and his son Edward succeeded him; who buried his father in great state at Westminster, with honour and reverence.

Also, The Lord Edward the younger marry’d the Lady Isabella, daughter of the King of

France, in S. Mary’s church at Bologn; and shortly after, they were both crown’d in Westminster Abby.

Also, The Templars in foreign parts being condemn’d for a certain heresie, as was reported, were apprehended and put in prison by the Pope’s mandate: In England likewise, they were all taken the very next day after Epiphany. In Ireland also, they were taken and imprison’d the day after the Purification.

MCCCVIII. On the second of the Ides of April, dy’d the Lord Peter de Bermingham, a noble champion against the Irish.

Also, On the fourth of the Ides of May, the castle of Kenin was burnt down, and some of the Garrison slain, by William Mac Balthor, Cnygnismy Othothiles, and his partisans.

Also, On the sixth of the Ides of June, the Lord John Wogan, Justiciary of Ireland, was defeated with his Army, near Glyndelory. In this encounter were slain, John call’d Hogelyn, John de Northon, John de Breton, and many others.

Also, On the sixteenth of the Kalends of July, Dolovan, Tobyr, and other towns and villages bordering upon them, were burnt down by the said malefactors.

Also, soon after this, a great Parliament was held at London: wherein a terrible difference arose between the King and Barons, upon the account of Piers Gaveston; who was banish’d out of the Kingdom of England the day after the feast of S. John Baptist’s nativity, and went over into Ireland about the feast of the Saints Quirita and Julita, together with his Wife and sister, the Countess of Glocester, and came to Dublin in great state, and there continu’d.

Also, William Mac Baltor, a stout robber and incendiary, was condemn’d in the court of our Lord the King at Dublin, by the Chief Justice the Lord John Wogan, on the twelfth of the Kalends of September, and was drawn at a horse’s tail to the gallows, and there hang’d, as he deserv’d.

Also, This year, a marble cistern was made, to receive the Water from the conduit in Dublin (such as was never before seen here) by the Mayor of the City, Master John Decer; and all at his own proper charge. This same John, a little before, made a bridge to be built over the river Aven-Liffie, near the priory of S. Wolstan. He also built the Chapel of S. Mary of the Friers minors, wherein he was buried; and the Chapel of S. Mary of the Hospital of S. John in Dublin.

Also, This John Decer was bountiful to the convent of Friers Predicants in Dublin: he made one stone-pillar in the Church, and laid the great stone upon the high altar, with its ornaments.

Also, He entertain’d the Friers at his own Table on the sixth day of the Week, out of pure Charity; as the seniors have reported to their juniors.

Also, The Lord John Wogan went over in Autumn, to be at the Parliament of England; and the Lord William Bourk was appointed Keeper of Ireland in his room.

Also, This year, on the eve of S. Simon and Jude, the Lord Roger de Mortimer and his Lady, the right heir of Meth, the daughter of the Lord Peter son of the Lord Gefferey Genevil, arriv’d in Ireland. As soon as they landed, they took possession of Meth; the Lord Gefferey Genevil giving it to them, and entring himself in the Order of the Friers predicants at Trym, the morrow after S. Edward the Archbishop’s day.

Also, Dermot Odympsy was slain at Tully, by the Servants of the Lord Piers Gaveston.

Also, Richard Bourk Earl of Ulster, at Whitsontide, made a great feast at Trym, and confer’d Knighthood upon Walter Lacy and Hugh Lacy. In the vigil of the Assumption, the Earl of Ulster came against Piers Gaveston, Earl of Cornwal, at Drogheda; and at the same time turn’d back towards Scotland.

Also, This year Maud the Earl of Ulster’s daughter imbark’d for England, in order to a marriage with the Earl of Glocester; which within a month was perform’d.

Also, Maurice de Caunton kill’d Richard Talon, and the Roches afterwards kill’d him.

Also, The Lord David de Caunton was hang’d at Dublin.

Also, Odo, son of Cathol O Conghir, kill’d Odo O Conghir King of Conaught.

Also, Athi was burnt by the Irish.

MCCCIX. Piers Gaveston subdu’d the O-Brynnes in Ireland, and rebuilt the castle of Mackingham, and the Castle of Kemny; he also cut down and scour’d the pass between Kemny castle and Glyndelagh, in spite of all the opposition the Irish could make, and so went and offer’d in the Church of S. Kimny.

The same year, the Lord Piers Gaveston went over into England on the eve of S. John Baptist’s Nativity.

Also, The Earl of Ulster’s son’s wife, daughter to the Earl of Glocester, came into Ireland, on the fifteenth of October.

Also, On Christmas-eve, the Earl of Ulster return’d out of England, and landed at Drogheda.

Also, On the Purification of the Blessed Virgin, the Lord John Bonevil was slain near the town of Arstol by the Lord Arnold Pover and his accomplices, and bury’d at Athy, in the Church of the Friers Predicants.

Also, A Parliament was held at Kilkenny, in the octaves of the Purification of the Blessed Mary, by the Earl of Ulster, John Wogan Justiciary of Ireland, and others of the nobility; wherein a difference among certain of the great men of Ireland was adjusted, and many proviso’s made in the nature of statutes, which might have been a great advantage to the Kingdom, if they had been observ’d.

Also, shortly after, the Lord Edward Botiller return’d out of England; where he had been knighted, at London.

Also, the Earl of Ulster, Roger Mortimer, and the Lord John Fitz-Thomas, went over into England.

Also, this year dy’d the Lord Theobald de Verdon.

MCCCX. K. Edward and the Lord Piers Gaveston march’d for Scotland against Robert Brus.

Also, there was this year a great scarcity of corn in Ireland: an * * Eranca.Eranc of corn was sold for twenty shillings and upwards.

Also, the Bakers of Dublin were punish’d after a new way for false weights: For on S. Sampson the Bishop’s day, they were drawn upon hurdles at horses tails along the streets of the City.

Also, in the Abby of S. Thomas the Martyr at Dublin, the Lord Nigel de Bruin Knight, Escheator to our Lord the King in Ireland, departed this life; and his body was bury’d at the Friers-minors in Dublin, with such a number of tapers and wax-lights, as had never been seen in this Kingdom.

This year, a Parliament was held at Kildare, wherein the Lord Arnold Pover was acquitted of the death of the Lord John Bonevil; for it was found Se defendendo.

Also, on S. Patrick’s day, Alexander Bickenor, was (with the unanimous consent of the Chapter) chosen Archbishop of Dublin.

Also, the Lord Roger Mortimer, in the octaves of the nativity of the Blessed Virgin, return’d into Ireland.

Also, this year dy’d the Lord Henry Lacy, Earl of Lincoln.

MCCCXI. In Thomond at Bonnorathie, the Lord Richard Clare gave the Earl of Ulster’s party a very wonderful defeat. The Lord William Bourk, and John son of the Lord Walter Lacy, were taken prisoners, with many others. This battle was fought on the 13th of the kalends of June, and great numbers, both of the English and the Irish, were slain in it.

Also, Tassagard and Rathcante were invaded by the rapperies, namely the O Brinnes, and O Tothiles, the day after S. John Baptist’s nativity: Whereupon, in Autumn, soon after, a great Army was rais’d in Leinster, to attack them, where they skulk’d, in Glindelory and in other woody places.

Also, in August, a Parliament was holden at London, between the King and the Barons, to consider the state of the Kingdom and the King’s houshold: to be administer’d by six Bishops, six Earls, and six Barons, for the good of the Realm.

Also, on the second of the Ides of November, the Lord Richard de Clare cut off 600 Galegolaghes.

Also, on All-saints day last, Piers Gaveston was banish’d England by the Earls and Barons; and many good Statutes were made by them for the benefit of the Kingdom. Gaveston was banish’d the Realm about the feast of All-saints, and went into Flanders; from whence in four months he return’d, soon after Epiphany, privately into England; keeping so close to the King, that the Barons could not easily come near him. He went with the King to York, making his abode there in Lent; whereupon, the Bishops, Earls and Barons of England came to London, to consider the state of the Kingdom, lest the return of Gaveston might breed disturbance therein.

Also, Sir John Cogan, Sir Walter Faunt, and Sir John Fitz-Rery, Knights, dy’d this year, and were bury’d in the Church of the Friers Predicants in Dublin.

Also, John Macgoghedan was kill’d by Omolmoy.

Also, this year dy’d William Roch, being kill’d at Dublin, by an arrow, which an Irish-highlander shot at him.

Also, Sir Eustace le Pover Knight, dy’d.

Also, on the eve of S. Peter’s Chair, a riot was occasion’d in Urgaly by Robert Verdon.

Also, Donat O Brene was traiterously kill’d by his own men, in Tothomond.

MCCCXII. The Lord Piers Gaveston went into the castle of Scardeburg, to defend himself against the Barons. But soon after the kalends of June, he surrender’d himself to the Lord Aumare de Valence (who besieg’d him) upon certain conditions. Valence was carrying him to London, but the Earl of Warwick intercepted him at Dedington, and brought him to Warwick; where, on the 13th of the kalends of July, after a Consultation among the Earls and Barons, he was beheaded, and bury’d in the Church of the Friers Predicants, at Langley.

Also, the Justiciary of Ireland, John Wogan set out at the head of an army, against Robert Verdon and his accomplices; and on the 6th of the ides of July, had a terrible defeat. In this Battle, Nicholas Avenel, Patrick Roch, and many others were cut off. Upon this, the said Robert de Verdon and many of his followers, surrender’d themselves to the King’s mercy, in his prison at Dublin.

Also, on thursday, the day after S. Lucy the Virgin, in the 6th year of King Edward, the moon seem’d to be of several colours; and that day, it was resolv’d, that the Order of the Templars should be abolish’d.

Also, the Lord Edmund le Botiller was made Lieutenant to the Lord John Wogan, Justiciary of Ireland; which Edmund, the Lent following, besieg’d the O Brinnes in Glyndelory, and forc’d them to surrender; nay, had utterly destroy’d them, if they had not submitted in time.

Also, the day after the feast of S. Dominick, the Lord Maurice Fitz-Thomas marry’d Catharin the Earl of Ulster’s daughter, at Green-Castle, and Thomas Fitz-John marry’d another daughter of the Earl, the day after the Assumption, in the same place.

Also, the Sunday after the feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, the daughter of the Earl of Glocester, wife to the Lord John Burk, was deliver’d of a son.

MCCCXIII. Frier Roland Joce, Primat of Armagh, arriv’d in the Isle of Houth, the day after the Annunciation of the blessed Mary; and, in the night, got privately out of his bed, and took his Cross, and carry’d it as far as the Priory of Grace-dieu; where he was encounter’d by some of the Archbishop of Dublin’s servants, who made him leave his Cross, and drove the Primat himself out of Leinster, in confusion.

Also, a Parliament was held at London, but little or nothing done towards a peace: The King left them, and went into France, in compliance with an order from that Court; taking the Cross upon him, with many of his Nobles.

Also, Nicholas Fitz-Maurice and Robert Clonhul were knighted by the Lord John Fitz-Thomas, at Adare in Munster.

galleys Also, on the last of May, Robert de Brus sent out some gallies with Pirates in them, to pillage Ulster; but the people made a stout defence, and drove them off. It is reported, that Robert himself landed with them, by the Earl’s permission, in order to a Truce.

Also, this Summer, Master John Decer, a Citizen of Dublin, caus’d a bridge to be built (as was very necessary) reaching from the Town of Balyboght to the Causey of the Mill-pool of Clontarf; which before was a very dangerous passage: But after great charge, the whole bridge, arches and all, was thrown down by an inundation.

Also, on the feast of S. Laurence, dy’d John de Leeks, Archbishop of Dublin. Two were elected to succeed; the Lord Walter Thornbury the King’s Chancellor in Ireland, and the Lord Alexander Bicknore, Treasurer of Ireland. But the Lord Walter Thornbury, with about an hundred and fifty six more, were cast away at Sea the night following. And, when he dy’d, Bicknor was expecting the Pope’s favour; and was afterwards made Archbishop of Dublin.

Also, the Lord Miles de Verdon marry’d the daughter of the Lord Richard de Exeter.

Also, this year, the Lord Robert de Brus demolish’d the Castle of Manne, and on S. Barnaby’s day overcame the Lord Donegan Odowill. On the feast of Marcellus and Marcellianus, the Lord John Burk, heir of Richard Earl of Ulster, dy’d at Gallway.

Also, the Lord Edmund le Botiller, on Sunday, being the feast of S. Michael, made thirty Knights in Dublin-Castle.

MCCCXIV. The Hospitalers had the lands of the Templars in Ireland bestow’d on them.

Also, the Lord John Parice was slain at Pount.

Also, on S. Silvester’s day, the Lord Theobald de Verdon came Justiciary into Ireland.

Also, the Lord Geffery de Genevile, a Frier, dy’d the 12th of the kalends of November; and was bury’d with his own order of Friers predicants of Trym: he was also Lord of the Liberty of Meth.

Also, On S. Matthew’s day, this year, Logh-seudy was burnt; and the Friday following, the Lord Edmund le Botiller receiv’d his Commission to be Justiciary of Ireland.

MCCCXV. On S. John Baptist’s day, the Earl of Glocester was kill’d in an engagement with the Scots, and others without number were kill’d and taken prisoners by them. The Scots grew insolent upon this success, and possess’d themselves of much land and tribute in Northumberland.

Also, Shortly after they invested Carlisle, where James Douglas was crush’d to death by a wall that fell upon him.

This year, the Scots, not content with their own territories, arriv’d in the north part of Ireland at Clondonne, to the number of 6000 fighting men and expert soldiers; namely, Edward le Brus, whole brother to Robert King of Scots, with the Earl of Morreth, John de Meneteth, John Steward, the Lord John Cambel, Thomas Randolfe, Fergus de Andressan, John de Bosco, and John Bisset; who possess’d themselves of Ulster, and drove the Lord Thomas Mandevile, and other subjects, out of their estates.

The Scots enter’d Ireland on the Feast of S. Augustin the English Apostle, in the month of May, near Cragfergus in Ulster: The first Encounter between the English and them, was near Banne, wherein the Earl of Ulster was put to flight, and William Burk, John de Stanton, and many others, were taken Prisoners: many of the English were kill’d, and the Scots got the day.

The second Encounter was at Kenlys in Meth, where Roger Mortimer and his soldiers were put to flight.

The third was at Sketheris, hard by Arstol, the day after S. Paul’s Conversion; the English fled, and were routed by the Scots: Whereupon, the said Edward le Brus, after the Feast of S. Philip and S. James, got himself crown’d King of Ireland. Having taken Green-Castle, they posted themselves in it; but the citizens of Dublin soon remov’d them, and recover’d it for the King; and finding there the Lord Robert de Coulragh, the governour of the Castle, they brought him to Dublin, where he was imprison’d; and, being kept to hard diet, dy’d.

Also, on S. Peter and S. Paul’s day, the Scots came to Dondalk, took it, plunder’d it, and then burnt it; after they had kill’d all who oppos’d them. A great part of Urgale was likewise burnt by them: as was also the Church of the blessed Virgin Mary * * De Atrio Dei.in Atterith (full of men, women, and children) by them and the Irish.

The same year, the Lord Edmund le Botiller, Justiciary of Ireland, about the feast of S. Mary Magdalen, drew considerable forces out of Munster, Leinster, and other parts, and joyn’d the Earl of Ulster at Dondalk, who had drawn a mighty army out of Connaght and those parts, and march’d thither to meet him. There they concerted what measures they should take to destroy the Scots: What their resolutions were, is not known, but the Scots fled; and if they had not, they had (as was hop’d) been taken Prisoners.

After this, the Earl of Ulster and the said Justiciary, with the rest of the Nobility, resolv’d, as soon as they had cut off the Scots, to bring the Lord Edmund Brus dead or alive to Dublin. Accordingly, the Earl pursu’d them as far as the river Branne, and then retir’d towards Coyners. Brus perceiving this, pass’d the River privately, and follow’d him, and put him to flight, with some others of the Earl’s side; having wounded George Roch, and slain the Lord John Stanton, Roger Holiwood, and others. Many were likewise kill’d on Brus’s side; and on the 10th of September, the Lord William Burk was taken Prisoner, and the Earl was defeated near Coyners; whereupon an Insurrection of the Irish against the King and the Earl of Ulster, follow’d in Conaught and Meth, and they burnt the Castles of Atholon, Raudon, and others. In the said battle of Coyners, the Baron of Donnull signaliz’d his Valour; but he suffer’d very much in his Goods; and the Scots drove them as far as Cragfergus, where some of the Earl’s party fled, but others enter’d the Castle, and defended it with great valour. Afterwards, certain Seamen came suddenly from the Port-Towns of England, and surpris’d the Scots, and kill’d forty of them; carrying their Tents, &c. away. The day after the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, the Earl of Morreff went over with four Pirate-ships laden with Irish Commodities, into Scotland, and carry’d with them the Lord William Burk; intending there to pick up a Reinforcement of his Army. One of the Ships was cast away. All this while, the said Brus was carrying on the Siege of Cragfergus-castle. At the same time, Cathil Roge demolish’d three Castles of the Earl of Ulster’s in Connaught, where he likewise burnt and plunder’d many Towns. And then also the English Sea-men above-mention’d went to the said Castle, and the Lords skirmish’d with one another, and kill’d many of the Scots. Richard de lan de O-Ferivil was slain also about this time by an Irish-man.

Also, afterwards, upon S. Nicholas day, le Brus left Cragfergus, and was joyn’d by the Earl of Morreff with 500 Men; so, they march’d together towards Dundalk: Many flock’d-in to them, and gave them their assistance. From thence they pass’d on to Nobee; where they left many of their Men, about the feast of S. Andrew. Brus himself burnt Kenleys in Meth and Grenard, and rifled and spoil’d the said Monastery. He also burnt Finnagh and Newcastle, and all that Country; and after they had kept their Christmas at Logh-sudy, they burnt that likewise. After this, they march’d forward by Totmoy to Rathymegan and Kildare, and the Country about Tristeldermot, Athy, and Reban; in which Expedition they lost several Men. After that, le Brus advanc’d to Skethy near Arscoll in Leinster, where he was engag’d by the Lord Edmund Botiller Justiciary of Ireland, the Lord John Fitz-Thomas, Thomas Arnald Power, and other

Noblemen of Leinster and Munster; so strong, that any single Lord of them might have been an over-match for Brus and his whole Party. But a difference arising, they left the Field, in great disorder and confusion, to him, according to that which is written, Every Kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation. Haymund le Grace, a noble ’Squire, and particularly loyal to his King and Country, and Sir William Prendregest, Knight, were both slain. The Scots lost the Lord Fergus Andrissan, the Lord Walter Morrey, and many others, who were buried at Athy, in the Convent of the Friers Predicants.

Afterwards, Brus, in his return towards Meth, burnt the castle of Loy, and so the Scots march’d to Kenlis in Meth, where the Lord Roger Mortimer took the field against them with a numerous Army, amounting to near 15000, but not unanimous and true to one another, as was believ’d. For tho’ this Body was all under the Command of the said Roger, yet they ran-away about three a-clock, and deserted him; particularly, the Lacies; so that the Lord Mortimer was oblig’d to retreat to Dublin with a small Party, and the Lord Walter Cusake to the Castle of Trym; leaving the Country and the Town of Kenlis, to the Scots.

Also, At the same time, all the South-part of the Country was burnt by the Irish of those parts, viz. Arclo, Newcastle, Bree, and all the adjacent Villages, under the conduct of the Otothiles and the O Brynnes. The Omorghes also burnt and wasted part of Leys in Leinster; but most of them were cut off by the Lord Edmund Botiller, Justiciary of Ireland, and about eight hundred of their Heads carry’d to Dublin-castle.

Also, This year, about the feast of the Purification of the blessed Virgin, some of the Irish Nobility, and the Lord Fitz-Thomas, Richard Lord Clare, the Lord John le Pover and the Lord Arnold Pover, came to the Lord John de Hotham (who was appointed on the part of the King) to establish a Peace for their future quiet and safety; so, they took their Oaths to stand by the King of England with their lives, and to do their best to preserve the peace, and to destroy the Scots. For performance whereof, they gave Pledges, before God, and so return’d. All the rest of the Irish Nobility who should refuse to follow the same course, were to be look’d upon as Enemies to the King.

Also, The Lord John Bysset departed this life; and the Church of the new Village of Leys, with the Belfrey, was burnt by the Scots. The Castle of Northburg in Ulster was also taken by them.

Also, Fidelmicus O Conghyr, King of Conaught, kill’d Rorick the son of Cathol O Conghyr.

Also, This year dy’d the Lord William Maundevil, and the Bishop of Coner fled to the Castle of Cragfergus, and the Bishoprick was laid under an Interdict. Lord Hugh of Antony was slain in Conaught.

Also, This year, on Valentin’s-day, the Scots made a halt near Geshil and Offaley; and the English Army near Kildare, and the Scots, were so pinch’d for Provision, that many of them were starved; so, they broke up secretly, and march’d towards Fowier in Meth. The Sunday following, they were so much weaken’d with hunger and hard Service, that many of them dy’d.

Afterwards, a Parliament of the Nobility was held, but they came to no Resolutions; and in their return they laid waste the Country. The Lord Walter de Lacy came to Dublin, to clear his reputation, and give security to the King, as others of the Nobility did. At this time, Edward de Brus was in Ulster, but did no mischief.

Also, The Otothiles, the O Brynnes, Archibaulds and Harolds, combin’d, and wasted the Village of Wikelowe, and the Country thereabouts. The first Week in Lent, the Earl of Morreff sail’d into Scotland, and le Brus took cognizance of all Pleas in Ulster, and condemn’d many to the Gallows.

Also, In the middle of Lent he try’d Causes, and executed the Logans, and took the Lord Alan Fitz-Warin, and carry’d him into Scotland.

Also, This year Fennynger O Conghyr slew Cale-Rothe, together with the Galloglaphes, and about three hundred more. This lent, Corn sold after the rate of eighteen Shillings, and the Easter following for eleven.

MCCCXVI. The Lord Thomas Maundevile march’d out of Drogheda with a strong party to Cragfergus, * * Die Jovis in cæna Domini.on Maundy-thursday, and engag’d the Scots, and put them to flight, and kill’d about thirty of them. Afterwards, on Easter-eve, he attack’d them again, and, about the Kalends, kill’d many of them. In this Encounter, the Lord Thomas Maundevile was slain in his own Country, † Pro jure suo.in defence of his own rights.

Also, Many Irish were slain in Conaught and thereabouts, by the Lord Richard de Clare and the Lord Richard Bermyngham.

Also, On the Sabbath next after the Ascension, Donnyger O Brynn, a stout Rapparee, with twelve of his Accomplices, were all cut off by the Lord William Comyn and his Party, who kept the Peace; and their Heads were brought to Dublin.

Also, The People of Dundalk sally’d out upon O Hanlan, and kill’d about two hundred of the Irish; and here, Robert de Verdon, a warlike ’Squire, was cut off.

Also, At the feast of Pentecost this year, Richard de Bermyngham slew three hundred Irish, or more, in Munster; and after, about the Nativity of S. John Baptist, le Brus came to Cragfergus-castle, and commanded the Keepers to surrender it, according to an agreement between them, as he alledg’d. They answer’d, That they were obliged to do so, and order’d that thirty might be sent to them, and that they might have their lives spar’d. All this was agreed to. But as soon as the thirty Scots were within the Castle, they shut them up, and imprison’d them.

About this time, the Irish of O Mayll march’d towards Tullagh, and there fought: in this Battle about four hundred of the Irish were slain, and their Heads sent to Dublin. Many strange things were seen there afterwards; dead men seeming to arise and fight with one another, crying out, Fennokabo, as the signal.

About the feast of S. Thomas’s Translation, eight Ships were set out at Drogheda, with Provisions for Cragfergus. But these were disturb’d in their Voyage by the Earl of Ulster, for the redemption of William de Burgo, who was taken with the Scots. On the Sabbath-day following, the Earl of Ulster, the Lord John Fitz-Thomas, and many others of the Nobility, enter’d into an union at Dublin, and agreed to maintain the peace of Ireland, with their lives and fortunes.

This same year, we had News from Conaught, That many of the English, viz. the Lord Stephen of Exeter, Miles Cogan, many of the Barries, and about eighty of the Lawles, were kill’d by O Conghyr.

Also, The Week after S. Laurence’s day, four of the Irish Kings in Conaught, broke out into open War against the English; whereupon, the Lord William Bourk, the Lord Richard Bermyngham, the Lord of Anry, and their Followers, took the Field against them, and cut off about 11000 of them near Anry; which Village was afterwards wall’d round with the Arms and Spoil of the Enemy; for every Englishman who had taken two Weapons from the Irish, contributed one towards that Work. In this Engagement, Fedelmic O Conghyr, King of Conaught, with O Kelly, and several other petty Kings, were slain.

John Husee, the * * Carnifex.Executioner of Anry, was in this Battle; and the same night stood among the dead, according to his Lord of Anry’s order, to find out O Kelly, who unkennell’d at last; and, as he and his ’Squire came forth, call’d to the said Husee with a loud Voice, Go with me, and I will make thee a great Lord in my Dominions. But Husee answer’d him, I will not go with thee; but thou shalt go to my master Richard Bermyngham. O Kelly told him, Thou hast but one Servant, and I have a trusty ’Squire; therefore come with me, and save thy Life. Husee’s Servant press’d him, saying, Comply and go to O Kelly, that we may be sav’d and enrich’d, for they are stronger than we. But Husee first kill’d his own Servant, and then kill’d O Kelly and his ’Squire, and cut off the three Heads, and brought them to Richard Bermyngham his Master, who gave him much Land for his Service, and confer’d Knighthood upon him as he well deserv’d.

The same year, about S. Laurence’s-day, O Hanlan came to Dundalk, in order to distrain; but the People of Dundalk fell upon him, and kill’d many of his men.

Also, On the Monday before the feast of the Nativity of S. Mary, David O Totothil with four more, came and hid themselves all night in the Wood of Coleyn; but being discover’d by the Dublinians and the Lord William Comyn, they issu’d out and drove them back six Leagues, killing about seventeen, and wounding many of them mortally.

Also, A Report came to Dublin, That the Lord Robert de Brus King of Scotland, was landed in Ireland to assist his Brother Edward; and that the Scots had besieg’d Cragfergus-castle in Ulster. The Monasteries of S. Patrick, de Duno, and de Seballo, and several others, both Monks, and preaching Canons and Minors, were destroy’d by them in Ulster.

Also, The Lord William Bourk gave his son for an Hostage, and was set at liberty in Scotland. The Church of Brught in Ulster was burnt by the Scots and Irish of that Province, almost full of Men and Women.

At the same time came News from Cragfergus, That the Garrison liv’d upon Hides for want of Victuals, and had eat up eight Scots who were taken; so that it was much lamented that no body reliev’d such brave men.

On the Friday following, came News, That Thomas son of the Earl of Ulster was dead.

And on Sunday following, being the next after the Nativity of the blessed Virgin, the Lord John Fitz-Thomas dy’d at Laraghbrine near Maynoth, and was buried among the Friers-minors at Kildare. He is said to have been made Earl of Kildare a little before his death.

His son and heir the Lord Thomas Fitz-John, a very wise Man, succeeded him.

After this, we had News that the Castle of Cragfergus was surrender’d to the Scots, upon condition that the lives of the Garrison should be saved.

On the day of the Exaltation of the holy Cross, Conghor was slain, together with Mac-keley and fifty Irish, by the Lord William Burk and Richard Bermyngham, in Conaught.

Also, On the Monday before All-Saints-day, many of the Scots were slain in Ulster by John Loggan, and the Lord Hugh Bisset; namely, about 100 with double Arms, and 200 with single Arms. The slain in all, amounted to 300, besides foot. Afterward, on the Eve of S. Edmund the King, there was such a Storm of Wind and Rain, as threw down many Houses, and beat down the Bell of Trinity-church in Dublin, and did much mischief both by Sea and Land.

Also, On the Eve of S. Nicholas, the Lord Alan Stewart, who was taken Prisoner in Ulster by John Loggan and the Lord John Sandale, was carry’d to Dublin-castle.

This same year, there came News from England, of a dissension between the King and the Earl of Lancaster, that they were for taking one another Prisoners, and that the whole Kingdom was embroil’d about it.

This year also, about the feast of Andrew the Apostle, the Lord Hugh le Despencer, and the Lord Bartholomew de Baldesmere, the Bishop of Worcester, and the Bishop of Ely, were sent to Rome, to negotiate some important Business of the King’s, concerning Scotland; who return’d again into England about the feast of the Purification.

Also, the Lacies came to Dublin after the same feast, and shew’d by Inquisition, that the Scots were not brought into Ireland by their means; whereupon they were acquitted, and had the King’s Charter for protection and safety, upon taking their Oaths to keep the Peace, and do their utmost to destroy the Scots.

Also, This year, after the feast of the Circumcision, the Scots march’d privately as far as Slain with 20000 armed Men, and ravag’d the Country; the Army of Ulster flying before them.

Afterwards, on the Monday before the feast of S. Matthias the Apostle, the Earl of Ulster was apprehended in S. Mary’s Abby by the Mayor of Dublin, viz. Robert Notyngham, and carry’d to Dublin-castle, where he was long imprison’d, and the Chamber wherein he was kept, was burnt, and seven of the Earl’s Attendants slain.

The same Week, on the Eve of S. Matthias, Le Brus march’d towards Dublin at the Head of his Army; and, hearing of the Earl’s Imprisonment, turn’d off towards Cnok-castle, which he enter’d, and therein took the Lord Hugh Tirell with his Wife, who was Baron of it; and they were afterwards ransom’d for Money.

That Night it was agreed, by common consent, among the Citizens of Dublin, That S. Thomas’s-street should be burnt down for fear of the Scots; the flames whereof unfortunately got hold of S. John’s-church, and burnt it down likewise, with Magdalen-chapel, and all the Suburbs of the City, and S. Mary’s Monastery. The Church of S. Patrick was spoil’d by the said Villains.

Also, The Church of S. Saviour, which belongs to the Friers-Predicants, was destroy’d by the Mayor and the Citizens, and the Stones converted to the building of the City walls, which were enlarg’d on the north part above the Key; for formerly the Walls ran by the Church of S. Owen, where we still see a Tower beyond the Gate, with another Gate in the Street where the Taverns are. However, the Mayor and Citizens were afterwards commanded by the King of England, to make another Convent as formerly. After the feast of S. Matthias, Le Brus understanding that the City was fortify’d, he march’d towards Salmon’s-leap, where Robert le Brus King of Scotland, with Edward le Brus, the Earl of Morrey, John de Meneteth, the Lord John Steward, and the Lord Philip Mountbray, encamp’d themselves, and continu’d four days; during which, they burnt part of the Village, and broke open the Church and rifled it, and then march’d towards Le Naas. The Lacies, contrary to their Oaths, conducted and advis’d them; and the Lord Hugh Canon made Wadin White, his Wife’s Brother, be their guide through the Country. So they came to Le Naas, plunder’d the Village, enter’d the Churches, and open’d the Graves in the Church-yard for hidden Treasure, and did many other Mischiefs during the two days they stay’d there. After this, they took their march towards Trestildermote, in the second week in Lent, and destroy’d the Friers-minors, taking away their Books, Vestments, and other Ornaments. From hence they retir’d to Baligaveran, and so to Callan, about the feast of S. Gregory, Pope, leaving the Village of Kilkenny.

At the same time, Letters were brought by the Lord Edmund Botiller Justiciary of Ireland, and by the Lord Thomas Fitz-John Earl of Kildare, the Lord Richard de Clare, the Lord Arnold le Pover and the Lord Maurice Fitz-Thomas, to suffer the Earl of Ulster to be bail’d and set at liberty by the King’s Writ; but nothing was done in it at that time.

The People of Ulster came afterwards in a great Body amounting to IIM. and desir’d assistance from the King against the Scots: Upon which, the King’s Banner was deliver’d to them; but as soon as they got it, they did more mischief than the Scots themselves; they eat Flesh all the Lent, and almost destroy’d the whole Country, for which they were accurs’d both by God and Man.

Edmund * * Pincerna.Butler gave the Irish a great defeat near the desert of Dermic, i.e. Trestildermot.

Also, The said Edmund being now Justiciary of Ireland, defeated O Morghe at Balilethan with great slaughter. The Scots under le Brus were got as far as Limerick. But the English in Ireland, being drawn together in great Bodies to Ledyn, they retreated privately in the night from Conninger-Castle.

About Palm-sunday, News came to Dublin, That the Scots were at Kenlys in Ossory, and that the Irish Nobility were at Kilkenny, and had drawn a great Army together there, to engage Le Brus. On the Monday following, the King sent an Order to the People of Ulster to advance against the Scots with all speed, under the command of Thomas Fitz-John Earl of Kildare. Whereupon they march’d; Le Brus being then at Cashell, from whence he mov’d to Nanath, where he stay’d some time, and burnt and destroy’d all the Possessions of the Lord Butler.

MCCCXVII. On Maundy-Thursday, the Lord Edmund le Botiller Justiciary of Ireland, the Lord Thomas Fitz-John Earl of Kildare (for the King had conferr’d upon him the Jurisdiction and liberty of the Earldom of Kildare) Richard de Clare with the Ulster-Army the Lord Arnold Pover Baron of Donnoyll, Maurice Rochford, Thomas Fitz-Maurice, and the Cauntons with their Followers, met together, to concert measures against the Scots; this Debate continu’d a whole Week, and at last they came to no Resolution, tho’ their Army amounted to 30000 Men, or thereabouts, well arm’d. On Thursday in Easter-week, Roger Mortimer arriv’d at Yoghall with the King’s Commission, for he was Justiciary at that time; and the Monday following went in great haste to the Army, having sent a Letter to Edmund Botiller, who, as has been said, was formerly Justiciary, to enterprise nothing against the Scots till his Arrival; but before Mortimer got to the Camp, Le Brus had secret Advice to retreat; so, the Night following, he march’d towards Kildare; and the week after, the English return’d to their several Countries, and the Ulster-Army came to Naas.

At the same time, two Messengers were sent from Dublin to the King of England, to give him an account of the state of Ireland and to pray his Majesty’s Instructions; and also of the setting at Liberty of the Earl of Ulster.

At the same time likewise, the Lord Roger Mortimer, Justiciary of Ireland, and the Irish Nobility, met together at Kilkenny, to consider how they might oppose Le Brus; but came to no Resolution.

About a month after Easter, Le Brus came with an Army within four Leagues, or thereabouts, of Trym, under the cover of a certain Wood, and there continu’d a week or more, to refresh his Men, who were ready to die with fatigue and hunger; which occasion’d a great mortality among them.

Afterwards, on S. Philip and S. James’s-day, the said Brus began his march towards Ulster; and after the said feast, the Lord Roger Mortimer Justiciary of Ireland, came to Dublin, with the Lord John Wogan, the Lord Fulk Warin, and thirty Knights, with their Retinue; who held a Parliament with all the Nobility of the Kingdom at Kylmaynan; but did nothing, except only what passed concerning the setting at Liberty of the Earl of Ulster.

On the Sunday before Ascension, they held another Parliament at Dublin, and there the Earl of Ulster was deliver’d upon Mainprise, Hostages, and Oaths; which were, That he should never by himself nor any of his Friends and Followers, do or procure any mischief to the Citizens of Dublin for apprehending him, save only what the Law allow’d in those Cases against Offenders; to which end, he had till the Nativity of S. John allow’d him; but he came not at the day.

Also, This year, Corn and other Provisions were exceeding dear. Wheat was sold at three and twenty Shillings the Cranock, and Wine for eight pence, and the whole Country was in a manner laid waste by the Scots and those of Ulster. Many House-keepers, and such as were formerly able to relieve others, went a begging; and great numbers dy’d of hunger. The Pestilence and Famine were so severe, that many of the Poor dy’d.

At the same time, Messengers arriv’d at Dublin from England, with Pardons to make use of as they should see fit; but the Earl was deliver’d before they came. At the feast of Pentecost, Mortimer the Justiciary set out for Drogheda; from whence he went to Trym, sending his Letter to the Lacies to repair to him; but they rejected the Summons with contempt.

Afterwards, the Lord Hugh de Croftes, Knight, was sent to treat of a Peace with the Lacies, but was slain by them; (a fact much to be lamented!) After that, Mortimer the Justiciary drew an Army together against the Lacies; by which their Goods, Cattle, and Treasures, were all seiz’d, many of their Followers cut off, and themselves driven into Conaught, and ruin’d.

It was reported, That the Lord Walter Lacy went out as far as Ulster, to seek Brus.

Also, About the feast of Pentecost, the Lord Aumar de Valencia and his son were taken Prisoners in S. Cinere, a Town in Flanders, and convey’d into Almain. The same year, on the Monday after the Nativity of S. John Baptist, a Parliament of the Nobility was held at Dublin, where the Earl of Ulster was set at liberty; who took his Oath, and found Security, to answer the King’s Writs, and to fight against the King’s Enemies, both Scots and Irish.

pirate traitors Also, On the day of S. Process and Martinian, Thomas Dover, a resolute Pyrate, was taken in a Sea-fight by the Lord John de Athy, and forty of his Men, or thereabouts, cut off; and his Head was brought by him to Dublin.

Also, On the day of S. Thomas’s Translation, the Lord Nicholas de Balscot brought News from England, That two Cardinals were come from the Court of Rome to treat of a Peace, and that they had a Bull for excommunicating all such as should break the King’s Peace.

Also, On the Thursday next before the feast of S. Margaret, Hugh and Walter Lacy were proclaim’d Felons and Traytors to their King, for breaking out into war against their Sovereign.

Also, On the Sunday following, the Lord Roger Mortimer Justiciary of Ireland, march’d with his whole Army towards Drogheda.

At the same time, the Ulster-men took a good Booty near Drogheda, but the Inhabitants sallied out and retook it: In this Action, Miles Cogan and his Brother were both slain, and six other Lords of Ulster were taken Prisoners, and brought to the Castle of Dublin.

Afterwards, Mortimer the Justiciary led his Army against O Fervill, and commanded * * Passum malum.Malpass to be cut down, and all his Houses to be destroy’d: After this, O Fervill submitted, and gave Hostages.

Also, The Lord Roger Mortimer Justiciary, march’d towards Clony, and † Cepit Inqui­sitionem.empannell’d a Jury upon the Lord John Blound, viz. White of Rathregan; by this, he was found guilty, and fin’d two hundred marks. On Sunday after the feast of the Nativity of the blessed Virgin, Mortimer march’d with a great Army against the Irish of O-Mayl, and came to Glinsely, where many were slain both English and Irish, but the Irish had the worst: Soon after, ::::: O Brynne came and submitted. Whereupon, Roger Mortimer return’d with his Men, to Dublin-castle.

On S. Simon and S. Jude’s-day, the Archeboldes had the King’s Peace, upon the Engagement of the Earl of Kildare.

At the feast of S. Hilary following, a Parliament was held at Lincoln, to treat of a Peace between the King, and the Earl of Lancaster, and the Scots. The Scots continu’d peaceable and quiet: and the Lord Archbishop of Dublin and the Earl of Ulster stay’d in England by the King’s Order to attend that Parliament. About the feast of Epiphany, News came to Dublin, That the Lord Hugh Canon, Justice of the King’s-bench, was slain between Naas and Castle-Martin, by Andrew Bermyngham.

Also, At the feast of the Purification of the blessed Virgin Mary, came the Pope’s Bulls; whereupon Alexander Bicknor was confirm’d and consecrated Archbishop of Dublin, and the Bulls were read and publish’d in Trinity-church. Another Bull was read at the same time, for a Peace for two years between the King of England, and Robert Brus King of Scotland. But Brus refus’d to comply with it. These things were transacted about the feast of S. Valentine.

Also, the Sunday following, the Lord Roger Mortimer came to Dublin, and knighted the Lord John Mortimer and four of his Followers. The same day, he kept a great feast in the castle of Dublin.

Also, There was a great slaughter of the Irish in Conaught at this time, by reason of a Quarrel between two of their Kings: The number of the slain amounted to about 4000 men on both sides. After this, a severe Judgment fell upon the Ulster-men, who had done great mischief during the depredations of the Scots here, and eat-Flesh in Lent without any manner of necessity; for which sins, they were at last reduc’d to such want, that they eat one another; so that of 10000, there remain’d but about 300, who hardly escap’d. cannibalism By which appears the divine Vengeance. Also, It was reported, and that truly, That some of the said Profligates were so pinch’d with Famine, that they dug up dead Bodies in Church-yards, and after they had boil’d the Flesh in the Skull of the dead Body, eat it; nay, that some Women eat their own Children.

MCCCXVIII. On the Quindene of Easter, there came News from England into Ireland, That the Town of Berwick was betray’d, and taken by the Scots. Afterwards, the same year, Master Walter de Islep, the King’s Treasurer in Ireland, arriv’d here, and brought a Letter to the Lord Roger Mortimer, to attend the King. Accordingly, he did so, substituting the Lord William Archbishop of Cashil, Keeper of Ireland; so that at one and the same time, he was Justiciary of Ireland, Chancellor, and Archbishop.

Three weeks after Easter, News came to Dublin, That the Lord Richard de Clare and four Knights, viz. Sir Henry Capell, Sir Thomas de Naas, Sir James de Caunton, and Sir John de Caunton, as also, Adam Apilgard, with eighty Men more, were all slain by O Brene and Mac-Carthy, on the feast of S. Gordian and Epimachus. The Lord Clare’s Body was reported to be torn in pieces out of pure spite: But the Remains were interr’d among the Friers-minors in Limerick.

Also, On Sunday, in Easter-month, John Lacy was remov’d from Dublin-castle to Trym, for his Trial, and to hear his Sentence, which was, to be stinted to a Diet; and so he dy’d in Prison.

Also, On the Sunday before Ascension, the Lord Roger Mortimer set sail for England, but paid nothing for his Provisions; which he had taken in the City of Dublin, and no where else; as much as amounted to 1000 l.

Also, This year, about the feast of S. John Baptist, the Wheat which before was sold for sixteen Shillings, by the great mercy of God went now for seven. Oats sold for five shillings, and there was also great plenty of Wine, Salt, and Fish: Nay, about the Feast of S. James, there was Bread of new Corn; a thing seldom or never before known in Ireland. This was an Instance of God’s mercy, and was owing to the prayers of the Poor, and other faithful People.

Also, On the Sunday after the feast of S. Michael, news came to Dublin, That the Lord Alexander de Bykenore King’s Justice in Ireland and Archbishop of Dublin, was arriv’d at Yoghill. On S. Denis’s day, he came to Dublin, and was honourably receiv’d by the Religious and Clergy, as well as the Laity, who went out in Procession to meet him.

Also, On Saturday, which was the feast of Pope Calixtus, a Battle was fought between the Scots, and English of Ireland, two leagues from Dundalk: on the Scotch-side, there were the Lord Edward de Brus, who call’d himself King of Ireland, the Lord Philip de Mountbray, the Lord Walter Sules, the Lord Alan Stewart, with his three Brothers; as also, the Lord Walter de Lacy, and the Lords Robert and Aumar Lacy, John Kermerdyne and Walter White, with about 3000 more. Against whom, on the English-side, were the Lord John de Bermingham, the Lord Richard Tuit, the Lord Miles Verdon, the Lord Hugh Tripton, the Lord Herbert de Sutton, the Lord John de Cusak, the Lord Edward and the Lord William Bermingham, and the Primate of Armagh, who gave them all Absolution; besides the Lord Walter de Larpulk, and John Maupas, with about twenty more choice Soldiers and well arm’d, who came from Drogheda. The English gave the onset, and broke in upon the Van of the Enemy with great vigour: And in this Encounter the said John Maupas kill’d the Lord Edward de Brus valiantly and honourably, and was afterwards found slain upon the Body of the said Edward. The slain, on the Scots side, amounted to 2000 or thereabouts; so that few of them escap’d, besides the Lord Philip de Mountbray, who was also mortally wounded, and the Lord Hugh de Lacy, the Lord Walter de Lacy, and some few more, who with much ado got off. This Battle was fought between Dundalk and Faghird. Brus’s Head was brought, by the Lord John Bermingham, to the K. of England, who confer’d the Earldom of Louth upon him and his Heirs male, and gave him the Barony of Aterith. One of his Quarters, together with the Hands and Heart, were carry’d to Dublin, and the other Quarters sent to other Places.

MCCCXIX. The Lord Roger Mortimer return’d out of England, and was made Justiciary of Ireland. The same year, at the feast of All-Saints, came the Pope’s Bull for excommunicating Robert de Brus King of Scotland at every Masse. The Town of Athisell, and a considerable part of the Country, was burnt by the Lord John Fitz-Thomas, whole-Brother to the Lord Moris Fitz-Thomas. John Bermingham aforesaid, was this year created Earl of Louth. Also, The Stone-bridge of Kil-colyn was built by Master Moris Jak, Canon of the Cathedral Church of Kildare.

MCCCXX. In the time of John XXII. Pope, and of Edward son to King Edward, who was the 25th King from the coming of S. Austin into England (Alexander Bicknore being then Archbishop of Dublin) was founded the University of Dublin. William de Hardite, a Frier-predicant, was the first Master in the said University; who also proceeded in Divinity under the same Archbishop. Henry Cogry of the Order of Friers-minors was the second Master in the same Faculty: the third was William de Rodyard, Dean of S. Patrick’s Cathedral in Dublin, who afterwards commenc’d Doctor of the Canon law, and was made the first Chancellor of this University. The fourth Master in Divinity, was Frier Edmund de Kermerdyn. Also, Roger Mortimer Justiciary of Ireland, return’d into England, leaving the Lord Thomas Fitz-John, then Earl of Kildare, his Deputy.

Also, The Lord Edmund Botiller went into England, * * Et inde ad S. Jacobum accessit.and then came to S. James’s.

Also, Leghelyn-bridge was built by Master Moris Jak, Canon of the Cathedral Church of Kildare.

MCCCXXI. The O Conghors were put to great slaughter at Balibogan on the ninth of May, by the People of Leinster and Meth.

Also, The Lord Edmund Botiller dy’d in London, and was buried at Balygaveran in Ireland. John Bermingham Earl of Lowth, was made Justiciary of Ireland. John Wogan dy’d also this year.

MCCCXXII. Andrew Bermingham and Nicholas de la Lond Knight, were slain, with many others, by O Nalan, on Michaelmas-day.

MCCCXXIII. A Truce was made between the King of England and Robert Brus King of Scots, for fourteen years. Also, John Darcy came Chief Justice into Ireland. Also, John eldest son of the Lord Thomas Fitz-John Earl of Kildare, dy’d in the ninth year of his Age.

MCCCXXIV. Nicholas de Genevile, son and heir to the Lord Simon de Genevile, dy’d this year, and was bury’d in the Church of the Friers-predicants, at Trym. Also, there happen’d a very high wind on the Epiphany, at night.

disease witch Daemon demon Also, There was a general murrain of Oxen and Kine, in Ireland.

MCCCXXV. Richard Lederede, Bishop of Ossory, cited Dame Alice Ketyll, to answer for her heretical Opinions, and forc’d her to appear in Person before him. And being examined for Sorcery, it was found that she had us’d it: among other instances, this was discover’d, That a certain † Dæmon Incubus.Spirit, call’d Robin Artysson, lay with her; and that she offer’d nine red Cocks at a certain Stone-bridge, where four High-ways met.

Also that she swept the streets of Kilkenny with Beesoms, between Complin and Courefew, and in sweeping the Filth towards the house of William Utlaw her son, was heard to wish, by way of conjuring, Let all the wealth of Kilkenny flow to this house. The accomplices of this Alice in these wretched practices, were Pernil of Meth, and Basilia the daughter of this Pernil. Alice being found guilty, was fin’d by the Bishop, and forc’d to abjure her sorcery and witchcraft. But being again convicted of the same practice, she made her escape with the said Basilia, and was never found after. But Pernil was burnt at Kilkenny; and at her death, declar’d, That William above-said deserv’d death as well as she, and that for a year and a day he wore the Devil’s girdle about his bare body. Hereupon, the Bishop order’d the said William to be apprehended and imprison’d in the Castle of Kilkenny for eight or nine weeks, and gave orders that two men should attend him, but that they should not eat or drink with him, and that they should not speak to him above once a day. At length, he was set at liberty by the help of the Lord Arnold Poer, Seneschal of the County of Kilkenny; and he gave a great sum of money to the said Arnold, to imprison the Bishop. Accordingly, he kept the Bishop in Prison about three months. Among the goods of Alice, they found † Hostia.a wafer with the Devil’s name upon it; and a Box of Ointment, with which she us’d to daub a certain piece of wood, call’d a Cowltre, after which she and her accomplices could ride upon it round the world, without hurt or hindrance. These things being notorious, Alice was cited again to appear at Dublin, before the Dean of S. Patrick’s, having some hopes of favour given her. She made her appearance, and demanded a day to answer; having given sufficient bail, as was thought. But she appear’d not; for by the advice of her son and others unknown, she hid her self in a certain village till the wind would serve for England, and then she sail’d over; but it is not known whither she went. William Utlaw being found by the trial and confession of Pernel (who was condemn’d to be burnt) to have been consenting to his mother, in her sorcery and witchcraft; the Bishop caus’d him to be arrested by the King’s writ and put in prison: yet he was set at liberty again by the intercession of the Lords, upon condition that he should cover S. Mary’s Church in Kilkenny with lead, and do other acts of charity, within a certain day; and that if he did not perform them punctually, he should be in the same state, as when first taken by the King’s writ.

MCCCXXVI. At Whitsontide a Parliament was held in Kilkenny; where was present the Lord Richard Burk, Earl of Ulster, though somewhat infirm, and all the Lords and great men of Ireland, who, with the people, were nobly feasted by the Earl. Afterwards, the Earl, taking leave of the Lords and Nobles, went to Athisel, and there dy’d. A little before the feast of John the Baptist, he was there interr’d. The Lord William Burk was his heir.

MCCCXXVII. There happen’d an out-fall between the Lord Moris Fitz-Thomas and the Lord Arnald Pouer. The Lord Moris was seconded by the Lord le Botiller, and the Lord William Bermingham; and the Lord Arnald by the Bourkeyns; many of whom were slain in this fray by the Lord Moris Fitz-Thomas, and some driven into Conaught.

The same year, after Michaelmas, the Lord Arnald came to assist the Bourkeins; and, upon the Lord Arnald’s giving ill Language, and calling him Rymour, Lord Moris raised a great Army again, and together with le Botiller, and the said William Bermingham, burnt and wasted the lands and territories of the Lord Arnald, in Osath. Bermingham burnt also the lands and mannor-houses which belong’d to him in Mounster, and burnt Kenlys in Ossory: So that the Lord Arnald was forc’d to fly with the Baron of Donnoyl to Waterford, where they remain’d a month, till the Earl of Kildare, Justiciary of Ireland, and others of the King’s Council, order’d them a day of parley. The Lord Arnald did not observe it, but came to Dublin, and about the feast of the Purification embark’d for England. Upon this, Moris, Botiller, and the Lord William Bermingham, came with a great Army and burnt and wasted his lands: The King’s Council began to dread this powerful army, and the mischiefs they had done; so much, that they strengthen’d their Cities with Guards and Watches, lest they should be surpriz’d. The Lord Moris, Botiller, and Bermingham, hearing of this provision against them, sent to the King’s Council, that they would come to Kilkenny and there clear themselves, to satisfie them they had no design upon the lands of their Lord the King, but only intended to be reveng’d of their enemies. The Earl of Kildare, Justiciary of Ireland, the Prior of Kilmaynon, namely Roger Outlaw Chancellour of Ireland, Nicholas Fastal Justiciary of the Bench, and others of the King’s Council, came accordingly to this Parliament. The Lord Moris, Botiller, and Bermingham, demanded the King’s Charter of peace. But they of the King’s Council warily took time, till a month after Easter, to consider of it with their Brethren.

Before Lent this year, the Irish of Leinster assembled, and set up Donald the son of Arte Mac Murgh for their King: Whereupon, he commanded to set up his Banner within two miles of Dublin, and to march from thence into all parts of Ireland. But God seeing his pride and malicious designs, suffer’d him to fall into the hands of the Lord Traharn, who brought him to the Salmon-leap, and had two hundred pounds ransom for him; from thence he carry’d him to Dublin, to remain in the castle till the King’s Council should give farther Orders. After he was taken, the Irish in Leinster underwent many misfortunes; David O Tothil was taken prisoner by the Lord John de Wellesley, and many of them were cut off.

The same year Adam Duff, son of Walter Duff of Leinster, who was related to the O Tothiles, was convicted of denying (contrary to the Catholick Faith) the incarnation of Christ, and holding that there could not be three persons and one God: and he affirm’d, that the blessed Virgin our Saviour’s mother was an harlot; that there was no resurrection; that the holy Scripture was a meer fable; and that the apostolical See was an imposture and usurpation. Upon these Articles, and every of them, Duff was adjudg’d a Heretick and Blasphemer; and was thereupon burnt, pursuant to the decree of the Church, at Hoggis near Dublin, on the Monday after the octaves of Easter in the year 1328.

MCCCXXVIII. On Tuesday in Easter-week, Thomas Fitz-John Earl of Kildare and Justiciary of Ireland, departed this life: and was succeeded in the office of Justiciary by Frier Roger Outlaw, Prior of Kilmaynan. The same year, David O Tothil, a stout rapparee, and an enemy to the King, who had burnt Churches and destroy’d much people, was brought out of the Castle of Dublin to the Toll of the City, before Nicholas Fastol and Elias Ashburne Justices of the King’s-Bench, who sentenc’d him to be dragg’d at a horse’s tail through the City to the Gallows, and to be hang’d upon a Gibbet; which was executed accordingly. Also, the same year, the Lord Moris Fitz-Thomas rais’d a great army to destroy the Bourkeyns and the Poers.

The same year, the Lord William Bourk Earl of Ulster was knighted at London on Whitsunday, and the King gave him his Seignory. Also, This year, James Botiller marry’d the daughter of the Earl of Hereford in England, and was made Earl of Ormond, being before call’d Earl of Tiperary.

The same Year a Parliament was held at Northampton, where many of the English Nobility met; and a peace was renew’d between the Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland, and confirm’d by * * Maritagia.marriages. It was resolv’d also, that the Earl of Ulster, with several of the English Nobility, should go to Berwick upon Tweed, to see the Espousals.

The same year, after the solemnity of this marriage at Berwick, Robert Brus King of Scots, the Lord William Burk Earl of Ulster, the Earl of Meneteth, and many other of the Scotch Nobility, came peaceably to Cragfergus; whence they sent to the Justiciaries of Ireland and the Council, that they would meet them at Green Castle, to treat of a Peace between Scotland and Ireland; but the Justiciary and Council coming not according to the King’s desire, he took leave of the Earl of Ulster, and return’d into his own Country after the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin; and the Earl of Ulster came to the Parliament of Dublin, where he staid six days, and made a great Feast; after which he went into Conaught.

The same year, about the feast of S. Catharin the Virgin, the Bishop of Ossory certify’d the King’s Council, that the Lord Arnald Pouer was, upon divers Articles, convicted before him of heresie. Whereupon, at the Bishop’s suit, the said Lord Arnald, by vertue of the King’s Writ, was arrested, and put in the Castle of Dublin; and a day was appointed the Bishop, to come to Dublin, in order to prosecute him; but he excused himself from coming at that time, because his Enemies had way-laid him. So that the King’s Council could not put an end to this business: wherefore the Lord Arnald was kept prisoner in the Castle of Dublin, till the following Parliament, which was in Midlent; where all the Irish Nobility were present. Also, The same year, Frier Roger Outlaw, Prior of the Hospital of S. John of Jerusalem in Ireland, Lord Justiciary and Chancellor of Ireland, was charg’d by the said Bishop with favouring of heresy, and for advising and abetting the said Lord Arnald in his heretical Opinions. Wherefore, the Frier finding himself so unworthily defam’d, petition’d the King’s Council, that he might have leave to clear himself; which upon consultation they granted, and caused Proclamation to be made for three days together, That if there was any person who could inform against the said Frier, he should come in and prosecute him; but no body came. Upon which, Roger the Frier procur’d the King’s Writ to summon the Great men of Ireland, viz. the Bishops, Abbots, Priors, and the Mayors of the four Cities, Dublin, Cork, Limerick, and Waterford, and of Drogheda; also the Sheriffs and Seneschals, together with the Knights of the Shires, and the Free-holders, to repair to Dublin; out of which six were chosen to examine the cause, viz. M. William Rodyard Dean of the Cathedral-Church of S. Patrick in Dublin, the Abbot of S. Thomas, the Abbot of S. Mary’s, the Prior of the Church of the holy Trinity in Dublin, M. Elias Lawles, and Mr. Peter Willebey. They convened those who were cited, and examin’d them a-part; who depos’d upon Oath that he was an honest, faithful and zealous embracer of the Christian Faith, and would, if occasion serv’d, lay down his Life for it. For the greater Solemnity of his Purgation, he made a noble Feast for all that would come.

Also, The same year, in Lent, dy’d the Lord Arnald Pouer in the Castle of Dublin, and lay a long time unbury’d in the house of the Friers Predicants.

MCCCXXIX. After the feast of the Annunciation of the blessed Virgin Mary, the Irish Nobility came to the Parliament at Dublin, to wit, the Earl of Ulster, the Lord Moris Fitz-Thomas, the Earl of Louth, William Bermingham, and the rest of the Lords; where was a new peace made between the Earl of Ulster and the Lord Moris Fitz-Thomas; and the Lords with the King’s Council made a strict Order against breaches of the King’s peace; so that every Nobleman should govern within his own Seignory.

The Earl of Ulster made a great feast in the Castle of Dublin; and the day after, the Lord Moris Fitz-Thomas made another in S. Patrick’s Church in Dublin; as did also Frier Roger Outlaw, Justiciary of Ireland, on the third day, at Kylmaynan; and so they departed.

The same year, on S. Barnaby’s eve, the Lord John de Bermingham, Earl of Louth, was kill’d at Balybragan in Urgale by the inhabitants of Urgale, and with him his own lawful brother Peter Bermingham, besides Robert Bermingham his putative brother, and the Lord John Bermingham, son to his brother Richard Lord of Anry, William Finne Bermingham, the Lord Anry’s Uncle’s son, Simon de Bermingham son of the aforesaid William, Thomas Bermingham son of Robert of Conaught, Peter Bermingham son of James of Conaught, Henry Bermingham of Conaught, and Richard Talbot of Malaghide a man of great Valour; besides 200 more, whose names are not known.

Also, After this slaughter, the Lord Simon Genevil’s men invaded the Country of Carbry, to plunder the inhabitants, for the thefts and murders they had so often committed in Meth; but they of Carbry, by rising, prevented the invasion, and slew seventy-six of the Lord Simon’s men. Also, The same year on the day after Trinity-sunday, John Gernon, and his brother Roger Gernon, came to Dublin in the behalf of those of Urgale, and pray’d that they might be try’d by the Common-law. And on the Tuesday, next day after S. John’s feast, John and Roger hearing that the Lord William Bermingham was coming to Dublin, left it. The same year, on S. Laurence’s-eve, the Lord Thomas Botiller march’d with a great army into the Country of Ardnorwith; where he fought with the Lord Thomas Williams Mac-goghgan, and was there kill’d, to the great loss of Ireland, and with him the Lord John de Ledewich, Roger and Thomas Ledewich, John Nangle, Meiler and Simon Petitt, David Nangle, the Lord John Waringer, James Terel, Nicholas White, William Freynes, Peter Kent, and John White, besides 140 others, whose names we know not. The Tuesday before the feast of S. Bartholomew, the said Lord Thomas le Botiller’s body was convey’d to Dublin, and lay in the house of the Friers predicant unburied, till the sunday after the Decollation of S. John Baptist, when he was very honourably carried through the City, and interr’d in the Church of the Friers predicant; on which day, his wife had a great Feast.

The same year, the Lord John Darcy came a second time Justiciary of Ireland, who at Maynoth on the third of July marry’d the Lady Joan Burg Countess of Kildare.

Also, Philip Staunton was slain; and the Lord Henry Traharn was treacherously surpris’d in his own house at Kilbego by Richard son of Philip Onolan. Also, the Lord James Botiller Earl of Ormond burnt Foghird, in revenge to Onolan, for his said brother Henry.

The same year, the Wednesday after the feast of the Ascension of the blessed Virgin, the Lord John Darcy, Justiciary of Ireland, went towards the new Castle of Mackingham, and Wikelow, against the O Brynnes; and the Monday following, some of the Lawles were kill’d, and more wounded; and Robert Locam was wounded; and of the Irish, the better sort were slain, and many wounded, and the rest ran away. But Murkad O Brynne, with his son, and uncle, and uncle’s son, yielded themselves hostages, and were carry’d to the Castle of Dublin: but were afterwards, in exchange for other Hostages of the best of their Kindred, set at liberty.

The same year, the Lord John Darcy Justiciary, and the King’s Council in Ireland, about the feast of the Circumcision, commanded the Lord Moris Fitz-Thomas of Desmond to march with his Army against his Majesty’s enemies to subdue them; adding, that the King would take care to defray the Charge he should be at, for himself and his Army: So the said Lord Moris, accompany’d by Briene-O-Brene, came with an Army of ten thousand Men, with which he march’d against the O-nolanes, and conquer’d them, having got a considerable Booty, and destroy’d their Country with fire: the O-nolanes fled, but afterwards deliver’d Hostages, who were sent to the Castle of Dublin. Hence he march’d against the O-Morches, who gave Hostages, with a promise to keep the Peace.

At the same time, the Castle of Ley, which O-Dympcy had taken and held, was surrender’d to the said Moris. This year, after the Epiphany, Donald Arte Mac-Murgh made his escape out of the Castle of Dublin, by a Cord which one Adam Nangle had bought him; who, for his pains, was afterwards drawn and hang’d.

MCCCXXX. About the feasts of S. Catherine, S. Nicholas, and the Nativity of our Lord, the winds were in several places very high; so that, on S. Nicholas-eve, they blew down part of the wall of a House, which in the fall kill’d the Lord Miles de Verdon’s wife and daughter: there was never known such a wind in Ireland.

Also, There was such an overflow of the River Boyn this year, as was never seen before; which flung down all the Bridges upon this River, both Wood and Stone, except Babe-bridge. The water also carry’d away several Mills, and did much damage to the Friers-minors of Trym and Drogheda, by breaking down their Houses.

The same year, about the feast of S. John Baptist, there began to be a great dearth of Corn in Ireland, which lasted till Michaelmas. A cranoc of Wheat was sold for twenty Shillings; and a cranoc of Oats, Pease, Beans and Barly, for eight Shillings: This dearth was occasion’d by the immoderate Rains; so that a great deal of Corn could not be cut before Michaelmas.

The same year, about Lent, the English in Meth killed some of the Irish, viz. the Mac-goghiganes near Loghynerthy. This did so incense Mac-goghigan, that he burnt and plunder’d in those Parts fifteen small Villages; which the English seeing, gathered together in a Body against him, and kill’d 110 of his men; among whom were three sons of petty Kings of Ireland.

Also, The Lord William Burgh, Earl of Ulster, march’d with his Army out of Ulster, against Briene O Brene in Munster.

Also, The Lady Joan, Countess of Kildare, was, at Maynoth, brought to Bed of William her first Son which the Lord John Darcy had by her, who was then in England.

Also, Reymund Lawles was treacherously kill’d at Wickelow.

Also, This year, Frier Roger Utlaw Prior of Kylmainan, then * * Locum tenens Justiciarii.Deputy to the Justiciary of Ireland, held a Parliament at Kilkenny, where were present Alexander Archbishop of Dublin, William Earl of Ulster, James Earl of Ormond, the Lord William Bermingham, and Walter Burg of Conaught; who all went with a great army, to drive Briene O-Brene out of Urkyff near Cashill.

Also, Walter Burg, with the Forces he rais’d in Conaught, plunder’d the Lord Moris Fitz-Thomas’s lands, and brought away the Booty to Urkyff.

Also, the Earl of Ulster, and the Earl of Desmond, viz. the Lord Moris Fitz-Thomas (this is the first time that I call him Earl) were, by Frier Roger Utlaw, then Justiciary of Ireland, committed to the custody of the Marshal at Limerick. But the Earl of Desmond cunningly made his escape.

MCCCXXXI. The Lord Hugh Lacy, having got the King’s Pardon, came into Ireland. Also, the Earl of Ulster came into England. Also, the 19th of April, the English beat the Irish in O-Kenseley. Also, on the one and twentieth of April, the Irish took the Castle of Arclo, by treachery.

Also, The same day, on S. Mark the Evangelist’s-eve, the O-Totheles came to Tanelagh, and took from Alexander Archbishop of Dublin 300 Sheep, and kill’d Richard White, with other Gentlemen of his Retinue. The news of this Plunder and Slaughter came to Dublin; and Sir Philip Bryt, Knight, Frier Moris Fitz-Gerald, Knight of the Order of the Hospitalers, Hammund Archdekyn, John Chamberlaine, Robert Tyrell, and two sons of Reginald Bernewall, besides many others, especially of the Archbishop of Dublin’s Family, were kill’d by David O-Tothill, in an Ambuscade in Culiagh.

Also, The Lord William Bermingham march’d with a great Army against the foresaid Irish, to whom he did much harm; and, had not the Irish made some false Promises, would have done them much more.

Also, The third of June, the Lord Anthony Lucy came over Chief Justiciary of Ireland.

Also, this year, the English who dwell about Thurles, did in the month of May give the Irish under the command of Briene O-Brene, a great overthrow. Also, upon the 11th of June, another was given at Finnagh in Meth, by the English of those parts.

Also, The 27th of June, when there was a great Famine in Ireland, through God’s mercy there came a-shoar such a vast number of Sea-fish, called Thurlhedis, as had not been seen in many Ages; for, according to the common estimate, there were above 500: This happen’d about the evening, near Connyng, and the water call’d Dodyz in Dublin-haven. The Lord Anthony Lucy then Justiciary of Ireland, with his own Servants, and some of the Citizens of Dublin, among whom was Philip Cradok, kill’d above 200 of them, and gave leave to every body to fetch away what they would.

The Lord Anthony Lucy, Justiciary of Ireland, appointed a Parliament to be held at Dublin in the Octaves of S. John Baptist; whither some of the Irish Nobility came not. Then he remov’d to Kilkenny, and prorogued the Parliament to the Feast of S. Peter ad vincula: Hither came the Lord Moris Fitz-Thomas, and many more Noblemen, who were not there before, and submitted to the King’s mercy. And the King, for his part, graciously forgave them whatever mischief they had done, under a certain form.

Also, In August, the Irish, by treachery, took the Castle of Firnis; which they burnt.

Also, The said Lord Moris Fitz-Thomas of Desmond, by an order of Council, was taken the day after the Assumption of the blessed Virgin, at Limerick, by the said Justiciary, and by him brought to the Castle of Dublin the 7th of October.

Also, In September, Henry Mandevill, by virtue of a Warrant from Simon Fitz-Richard Justiciary of the Bench, was taken, and brought to the Castle of Dublin.

Also, In November, Walter Burck and his two whole-Brothers were taken in Conaught, by the Earl of Ulster; and in February were by him brought to the Castle of Northburg.

Also, In February, the Lord William Bermingham, and his Son Lord of Bermingham, were taken at Clomel by the said Justiciary, notwithstanding he had before granted them his Majesty’s Pardon; and on the nineteenth of April were carry’d to Dublin-castle.

Also, The Irish of Leinster plunder’d the English, and burnt their Churches; and, in the Church of Freineston, burnt about eighty Men and Women, and a certain Chaplain of that Church, whom they hinder’d with their Javelins from coming out, tho’ in his holy Vestments, and with the Lord’s Body in his hand; burning him with the rest in the Church. The News of it came to the Pope, who sent his Bull to the Archbishop of Dublin, commanding him to excommunicate those Irish, and all their adherents; and to Interdict their Lands. The Archbishop fulfilled the Pope’s commands; but the Irish despised the Bull, Excommunication, and Interdict, and the Authority of the Church; and, continuing in their Wickedness, got together again and made an Inrode into the county of Weisford, as far as Carcarn, and plunder’d the whole Country. Richard White, and Richard Fitz-Henry, with the Burghers of Weisford, and other English, made head against them, and kill’d about 400 of the Irish, besides a great many more who, in the pursuit, were drown’d in the River Slane.

MCCCXXXII. The eleventh of July, William Bermingham, by the said Justiciary’s Order, was put to death, and hang’d at Dublin, but his Son Walter was set at Liberty. The said Lord William was a noble Knight and one of a thousand in warlike exploits. Alas! what pity it was! for who can think of his death without Tears? He was afterwards bury’d at Dublin among the Friers Predicant. Also, the Castle of Bonraty was taken, and, in July, was ras’d to the ground by the Irish of Totomon. Also, the Castle of Arclo was taken from the Irish by the said Justiciary and the Citizens of Dublin, with the help of the English of that Country, and, on the eighth of August, was in the King’s Hands; being in part rebuilt. The Lord Anthony Lucy Justiciary of Ireland, was put out of his place, and in November return’d into England with his wife and children. The Lord John Darcy succeeded him, and came into Ireland the thirteenth of February. There was, about this time, a great slaughter of the Irish in Munster, made by the English Inhabitants of that Country upon Briene O-Brene and Mac-Karthy.

Also, John Decer a Citizen of Dublin dy’d, and was bury’d in the Church of the Friers-minors; he was a man who did a great deal of good. Also, a disease called Mauses spread over Ireland, and infected all sorts of People, old and young, men and women.

Also, The Hostages who were kept in the Castle of Lymerick, kill’d the Constable and took the Castle; but upon the Citizens regaining it by force, they were put to the sword. Also, The Hostages took the Castle of Nenagh; but part of it being burnt, it was again recover’d, and the Hostages kept.

Also, one :::: of * * Frumenti.wheat about Christmas was sold for twenty two Shillings; and soon after Easter, and so on, very commonly for twelve pence. The Town of the New-Castle of Lions, was burnt and plunder’d by the O-Tothiles.

MCCCXXXIII. The Lord John Darcy, Justiciary of Ireland, arriv’d at Dublin.

Also, The Berminghams of Carbery got a great booty of above 2000 Cows from the O-Conghyrs. The Lord John Darcy Justiciary of Ireland, order’d the pass at Ethrgovil in Offaley to be cut down against O-Conghyr.

The Lord Moris Fitz-Thomas Earl of Desmond, after he had been imprison’d a year and half in Dublin, was let out, having got many of the Irish Nobility, as mainprizes, to be bound for him under penalty of their lives and all they had, if he should attempt any thing against the King, and the said Lords not produce him to be try’d.

Also, William Burk Earl of Ulster on the sixth of June, between New-Town and Cragfergus in Ulster, was (alas) treacherously murder’d by his own Company in the twentieth year of his age. Robert son of Mauriton Maundevile gave him the first blow. As soon as his wife heard of it, who was then in Ulster, she imbark’d with her daughter and Heir, and went for England. The Lord John Darcy Chief Justiciary of Ireland, to revenge this murder, did, by the advice of the Parliament then assembled, ship off his Army; with which, the first of July, he arriv’d at Cragfergus. The People of that Country, glad at his arrival, took Courage, and unanimously resolv’d to revenge the Earl’s death, and in a pitch’d Battle got a victory over the murderers: some they took, others they put to the sword. When this was over, the said Justiciary went with his Army into Scotland, leaving M. Thomas Burgh then Treasurer of Ireland, to supply his place.

Also, Many of the Irish Nobility, and the Earl of Ormond, with their retinue, assembled on the eleventh of June at the House of the Carmelite Friers in Dublin. During this Parliament, as they were going out of the Courtyard of the Friers House, Murcardus or Moris son of Nicholas O-Tothil, was suddenly murder’d in the croud; upon which, the Nobility, supposing there was treason, were very much affrighted; but the Murderer got off, resolutely, without being known so much as by name.

Also, The Lord John Darcy return’d Justiciary of Ireland.

Also, In February the Lord Walter de Bermingham, son of the Lord William de Bermingham, was let out of Dublin-Castle.

Also, The Lord Moris Fitz-Thomas, Earl of Desmond, by a fall of his Horse, broke his Leg.

Also, It happen’d to be so dry a Summer, that at the feast of S. Peter ad vincula, there was bread made of new Wheat; and Wheat was sold in Dublin for six pence a Peck.

Also, Sir Reimund Archedekin, Kt. with many others of his Family, were kill’d in Leinster.

MCCCXXXVII. On the eve of S. Kalixtus the Pope, seven partridges leaving the fields, God knows why, came directly to Dublin; where flying swiftly over the Market-Place, they settled on the top of † Pandox­atorium.an Inn which belonged to the Canons of S. Trinity in Dublin.pandoxatorium Some of the Citizens came running to this sight, wondering very much at so strange a thing; the Town-boys caught two of them alive, and a third they kill’d; at which the rest being frighten’d, took a swift flight, and escap’d into the opposite Fields. But what this should portend (a thing unheard of before) I shall leave to better judgments.

Also, The Lord John Charleton, Knight and Baron, came with his wife, sons, daughters, and Family, Chief Justiciary of Ireland, on the feast of S. Kalixtus the Pope; and some of his sons and family dy’d.

Also, The same day, came into Dublin-harbour D. Thomas Charleton Bishop of Hereford, as Chancellor of Ireland, with the Chief Justiciary his Brother; and with them M. John Rees Treasurer of Ireland and Master in the Decretals, besides 200 Welshmen.

Also, Whilst the Lord John Charleton was Justiciary, and held a Parliament at Dublin, Mr. David O Hirraghcy Archbishop of Armagh being call’d to the Parliament, laid-in his provisions in the Monastery of S. Mary near Dublin; but the Archbishop and his Clerks would not let him be there, because he would have his Cross carry’d before him.

Also, The same year, dy’d David Archbishop of Armagh, to whom succeeded a person of great Parts, M. Richard Fitz-Ralph Dean of Litchfield, who was born in Dundalk.

Also, James Botiller the first Earl of Ormond, dy’d the sixth of January, and was bury’d at Balygaveran.

MCCCXXXVIII. The Lord John Charleton, at the instigation of his Brother Thomas Bishop of Hereford, was by the King turn’d out of his place, upon which he came back with his whole family into England; and Thomas Bishop of Hereford was made Keeper and Justiciary of Ireland.

Also, The Lord Eustace Pover and the Lord John Pover his Uncle, were by the said Justiciary brought from Munster to Dublin, where, the third of February, they were imprison’d in the Castle.

Also, In Ireland, they had so great a frost, that the river Aven-liffie on which the City of Dublin stands, was frozen hard enough to dance, run, or play at ball on; and they made wood and turfe fires upon it, to broil Herrings. The Ice lasted a great while. I shall say nothing of the great Snow which fell during this frost, since the depth thereof is almost incredible. This Frost continu’d from the second of December to the tenth of February; such a season was never known in Ireland.

MCCCXXXIX. All Ireland was in Arms. The Lord Moris Fitz-Thomas Earl of Desmond, with the Geraldines who live about Kernige, made a great destruction of the Irish; killing and drowning, to the number at least of 1200 Men.

Also, The Lord Moris Fitz-Nicholas, Lord of Kernigy, was by the Lord Moris Fitz-Thomas Earl of Desmond apprehended and put in prison, where he dy’d of hunger, being stinted to a Diet; because he had openly rebell’d with the Irish against the King and the Earl.

Also, A great number of the O Dympcies and other Irish were by the English and the vigorous pursuit of the Earl of Kildare, kill’d and drown’d in the Barrow.

Also, The latter end of February, Thomas Bishop of Hereford, Justiciary of Ireland, with the help of the English of that Country, took from the Irish about Odrone such a great booty of all sorts of cattle, as had not been seen in Leinster.

MCCCXL. The said Bishop of Hereford Justiciary of Ireland, being commanded home by his Majesty, return’d into England the tenth of April; leaving Frier Roger Outlaw Prior of Kilmainan in his place. Also, the Lord Roger Outlaw Prior of Kilmainan, and Justiciary and Chancellor of the said Kingdom, dy’d the thirteenth of February.

Also, The King of England made John Darcy Justiciary of Ireland, for life.

MCCCXLI. In May, the Lord John Moris came Justiciary of Ireland, as Deputy to John Darcy.

Also, In the County of † Leicestriæ.Leicester, there happen’d such a strange prodigy, as has not been heard of. A person travelling along the road found a pair of Gloves, fit for his use as he thought, but when he put them on, he lost his speech immediately, and began to bark like a dog; nay, from that moment, the men and women throughout the whole County bark’d like great dogs, and the children like whelps. This plague continu’d with some, eighteen days; with others, a month; and with some two months; and also infected the neighbouring Counties, and set them a barking too.disease

Also, The King of England revok’d all Grants, that either he or his Father had made to any in Ireland in what manner soever, whether of liberties, lands, or goods: which occasion’d a general murmur and discontent; insomuch that the whole Kingdom was upon the point of revolting.

Also, A Parliament was call’d by the King’s Council to sit in October. Moris Fitz-Thomas Earl of Desmond absented. Never before was there seen so great and open a division between the English born in England, and the English born in Ireland. At last, without asking Counsel of the Justiciary or any of the King’s Ministers, the Mayors of the King’s Cities, together with the Nobility and Gentry of the Kingdom, resolv’d among other things to hold another Parliament at Kilkenny in November, in order to treat of such matters as might be for the benefit of the King and Kingdom.

Neither the Justiciary nor any other of the King’s Ministers durst repair thither. It was therefore concluded in this Parliament, by the Nobility and the Mayors aforesaid, immediately to dispatch messengers to the King of England to intercede for Relief, and represent the wicked and unjust administration of the great Officers in Ireland, and to declare that they would no longer endure their oppressions; and to desire that Ireland might be govern’d by Ministers of it’s own, as usual. They were instructed, in their complaints of the said Ministers, to ask, How a Land so full of wars, could be govern’d by a Person who was a Stranger to warlike Affairs? How a Minister of the King’s could grow so rich in so short a time? What was the reason, that the King of England was never the richer for Ireland?

MCCCXLII. On the eleventh day of October, and the eleventh of the Moon, two several Moons were seen by many about Dublin, in the morning, before day. The one was bright, and according to its natural course, in the West; the other, of the bigness of a round loaf, stood in the East, with very little light. comet supernova asteroid

MCCCXLIII. St. Thomas’s-street in Dublin was set on fire, on S. Valentine the Martyr’s-day.

Also, The thirteenth of July, the Lord Ralph Ufford, with his Wife the Countess of Ulster, came Chief Justiciary of Ireland; upon whose coming the fair Weather suddenly turn’d foul, and here was nothing but rainy and tempestuous Weather, while he liv’d. None of his Predecessors were near so bad; for (alas!) instead of doing Justice, he oppress’d the Irish, and robb’d both Clergy and Laity of their Goods; neither did he spare Poor, any more than Rich: under colour of doing Good, he defrauded many. He observ’d neither the Laws of the Church nor of the Land. He was injurious to the natural Irish, and did Justice to few, if any; wholly distrusting all the Natives, except some few. And, being mis-led by his Wife’s Counsel, these things were his daily Practice.

Also, The said Justiciary, as he was going into Ulster in March, through a Pass call’d Emerdullan, was set upon by one Maccartan, who robb’d him of his Cloaths, Money, Goods, Plate and Horses, and kill’d some of his men. But at last the Justiciary, with the help of the Ergalians, got the Victory, and made his way into Ulster.

MCCCXLV. The seventh of June, there was a Parliament held at Dublin; whither the Lord Moris Fitz-Thomas Earl of Desmond did not come.

Also, The Lord Ralph Ufford, Justiciary of Ireland, after S. John Baptist’s-day, did without consent of the Irish Nobility set up the King’s Standard against the Lord Moris Fitz-Thomas Earl of Desmond, and march’d into Munster, where he seiz’d the Earl’s Estate into the King’s hands, and farm’d it out to others for a certain yearly Rent to be paid the King.

Also, Whilst the said Justiciary was in Munster, he gave Sir William Burton, Knight, two Writs, who was to give one of them to the Lord Moris Fitz-Thomas Earl of Kildare: The Contents of this, were, That upon pain of forfeiting his whole Estate, he should forthwith repair unto him with a good force, to assist the King and him. The other, was an Order to the said Sir William to apprehend the Earl of Kildare, and imprison him; but he finding it impracticable, persuaded the Earl, who was preparing his Army, and levying forces to assist the Justiciary, that before he march’d he should go to the King’s Council at Dublin, and act by their advice, that in his Absence his Lands might be safe; and if any harm should come to them, it might be through the fault of the King’s Council, and not his own. Upon this, the Earl not distrusting the Knight, nor suspecting any Plot against him, prepar’d to go for Dublin; where, when he came (altogether ignorant of the Treachery) as he was consulting with the King’s Council in the Exchequer, on a sudden the said Sir William arrested him; and he was taken, and carried to the Castle of Dublin.

Also, The said Justiciary march’d with his Army into the Country of O-Comill in Munster, and Kering; and by treachery took two Castles of the Earl of Desmond, viz. the Castle of Ynyskysty and the Castle of the Isle, in which were the Lord Eustace Pover, the Lord William Graunt, and the Lord John Cottrell; who were first drawn, and then hang’d, in October.

Also, The said Justiciary banish’d the said Earl of Desmond, with some others of his Men. After that, in November, he return’d with his Forces out of Munster, to his Wife then big with Child at Kylmainan near Dublin. Besides what be had done to the Laity, in indicting, imprisoning, and robbing them of their Goods; he had also plagued the Ecclesiasticks, as well Priests as Clerks, by Arrests and Imprisonments; and extorted great sums of Money from them.

Also, Having taken away the Lands, he revok’d the Grants and Demises of them, bestowing them upon other Tenants, as has been said; and also the Writings concerning those Grants, which were sign’d by him, and seal’d with the King’s Seal, he took and cancell’d.

Also, the Earl of Desmond’s 26 Mainprisers, as well Earls, as Barons, Knights, and others, viz. the Lords William Burke Earl of Ulster, James Botiller Earl of Ormond, Richard Tuit, Eustace le Pover, Gerald de Rochfort, John son of Robert Pover, Robert de Barry, Moris Fitz-Gerald, John de Wellesly, Walter Lenfaunt, Roger de la Rokell, Henry Traharn, Roger le Pover, John Lenfaunt, Roger le Pover, Matthew Fitz-Henry, Richard le Wallis, Edward Burk son of the Earl of Ulster, Knights; David de Barry, William Fitz-Gerald, Fulk Ash, Robert Fitz-Moris, Henry de Barkley, John son of George Roch, and Thomas de Lees de Burgh (notwithstanding some of them had been at great Pains and Charge, with the Justiciary, in his wars, and in pursuing of the Earl of Desmond) were judicially depriv’d by him of their Estates, and disinherited, and sent to Prison till the King’s pleasure should be known; except four, viz. William Burk Earl of Ulster, James le Botiller Earl of Ormond, &c.

MCCCXLVI. On Palm-sunday, which was on the ninth of April, D. Ralph Ufford Justiciary of Ireland dy’d, whose death was very much lamented by his Wife and Family, but the loyal Subjects of Ireland rejoyc’d at it; and both Clergy and Laity, for Joy, had a solemn feast with dancing, at Easter. Upon his death, the Floods ceased, and the Air grew wholesom; and the common People bless’d God for it. Being laid in a strong Sheet of Lead, his very sorrowful Countess convey’d his bowels (with his Treasure not worthy to be plac’d among such holy Relicks) into England; where he was interr’d. And at last, on the second of May (a Prodigy! which without doubt was the effect of divine Providence,) this Lady who came so glorious into Dublin with the ensign of Royalty, and a great number of Soldiers attending her through the Streets, where she liv’d a short time like a Queen of Ireland; went out privily at a back Gate in the Castle, to avoid the People’s Clamours for their Debts; and, at her disgraceful return home, was attended with the Symptoms of death, sorrow, and heaviness.

Also, After the death of the said Justiciary, the Lord Roger Darcy, by the consent of the King’s Ministers and others, was chosen to supply the office of Justiciary for the time being.

Also, The Castles of Ley and Kylmehede were taken and burnt by the Irish, in April.

Also, The Lord John Moris being made Chief Justiciary of Ireland, arriv’d here the fifteenth of May.

Also, The Irish of Ulster gave a great slaughter to the English of Urgale in June; and at least three hundred were cut off.

Also, The said Lord John Moris Justiciary of Ireland was turn’d out of that office by the King, and the Lord Walter de Bermingham put in; who came into Ireland with his commission in June, some time after the great slaughter just now mention’d.

Also, The preservation of the peace was committed by the King for some time, to the Lord Moris Fitz-Thomas Earl of Desmond. Having receiv’d this order; on the eve of the Exaltation of the holy Cross, he embark’d with his Wife and two Sons at Yoghil, and arriv’d in England, where he vigorously prosecuted the Lord Ralph de Ufford, late Justiciary of Ireland, for the wrongs he had done him.

Also, By the King’s order, the said Earl was to be allow’d twenty Shillings a day from the time of his first arrival, during his abode there.

Also, In November, the Lord Walter de Bermingham, Justiciary of Ireland, and the Lord Moris Fitz-Thomas Earl of Kildare, took up arms against O Morda and his Accomplices, who burnt the Castle of Ley and Kilmehede, and attack’d them so vigorously with fire, sword, and rapin, that altho’ their number amounted to many thousands of Irish, and they made a resolute defence, yet at last, after many wounds and great slaughter, they were forc’d to yield; and so submitted to the King’s mercy and the discretion of the Earl.

MCCCXLVII. The Earl of Kildare, with his Barons and Knights, set out in May to join the King of England, who was then at the siege of Caleys. Also, the inhabitants surrender’d Caleys to the King of England, on the fourth of June.calais disease

Also, Walter Bonevile, William Calfe, William Welesly, and many other brave English, Welch, and Irish Gentlemen, dy’d of the Distemper which then rag’d at Caleys.

Also, Mac-Murgh, viz. Donald Mac-Murgh son of Donald Arte Mac-Murgh, King of Leinster, was perfidiously kill’d by his own Men, on the fifth of June.

Also, The King knighted Moris Fitz-Thomas Earl of Kildare. Also, the said Earl marry’d the daughter of Barth. de Burwashe.

Also, On St. Stephen the Martyr’s-day, the Irish burnt the Town of Monaghan, and destroy’d the Country about it.

Also, The Lady Joan Fitz-Leones, formerly wife to the Lord Simon Genevile, dy’d, and on the second of April was bury’d in the Convent of the Friers-Predicants at Trym.

MCCCXLVIII. The twenty second year of Edward the third, the first Pestilence, which had been before in other Countries, got into Ireland, and rag’d exceedingly.

Also, This year, the Lord Walter Bermingham, Justiciary of Ireland, went into England, and left John Archer Prior of Kylmainan to supply his Place: The same year, he return’d, and had the Barony of Kenlys, which lies in Ossory, conferr’d on him by the King, to requite his great service in leading an Army against the Earl of Desmond, with Raulf Ufford, as before was said. This Barony belong’d formerly to the Lord Eustace le Pover, who was drawn and hang’d at the Castle of the Isle.

MCCCXLIX. The Lord Walter Bermingham, the best Justiciary that ever was in Ireland, surrender’d his office, and was succeeded in the same by the Lord de Carew Knight and Baron.

MCCCL. In the twenty fifth year of the Reign of King Edward, Sir Thomas Rokesby, Knight, was made Justiciary of Ireland.

Also, This year, on the Eve of S. Margaret the Virgin, the Lord Walter Bermingham, Knight, some time the most worthy Justiciary of this Kingdom, dy’d in England.

MCCCLI. dy’d Kenwrick Sherman, sometimes Mayor of the City of Dublin, and was bury’d under the Belfrey of the Friers-Predicants there, which he himself had built; as he had likewise glaz’d the great Window at the upper end of the Quire, and roof’d the Church: with many other pious Works. He dy’d in the same Convent on the sixth of March; and, leaving an Estate to the value of three thousand marks, he bequeath’d great Legacies to the Clergy, both Regular and Secular, within twenty Miles of the City.

MCCCLII. Sir Robert Savage, Knight, began to build new Castles in many places of Ulster, and particularly in his own Mannors; saying to his son and heir apparent Henry Savage, Let us thus fortify our selves, lest the Irish hereafter break-in upon us, and take way our place and nation, and make us a reproach to all Nations. His son answer’d, Where-ever there are valiant Men, there are forts and castles, according to that saying, Filii castrametati sunt, the sons are encamp’d, i.e. brave Men are design’d for War; and for this reason I will take care to be among such, and so I shall live in a castle; adding the common saying, A castle of Bones is better than a castle of Stones. Upon this Reply, his Father gave over in great anger, and swore he would never more build with stone and mortar, but keep a good house and great retinue about him; foretelling however, that his Posterity would repent it; as indeed they did, for the Irish destroy’d the whole Country for want of castles to defend it.

MCCCLV. In the thirtieth of the same Reign, Sir Thomas Rokesby, Knight, surrender’d his office of Justiciary on the twenty sixth of July; which was given to Moris Fitz-Thomas Earl of Desmond, and he continu’d in it till his death.

Also, On the conversion of S. Paul, the said Lord Moris Fitz-Thomas dy’d Justiciary of Ireland, in the Castle of Dublin, to the great grief of his Friends and Kindred, and the fear of all who lov’d the Peace of Ireland. First, he was bury’d in the Quire of the Friers-Predicants of Dublin, and afterward in the Convent of the Friers-Predicants of Traly. He was just in his office, and stuck not to condemn those of his own Blood for Theft, Rapin, and other Misdemeanors, as if they had been strangers. The Irish stood in great awe of him.

MCCCLVI. In the thirty first year of this Reign, Sir Thomas Rokesby was the second time made Justiciary of Ireland; who kept the Irish in good order, and paid well for the Provisions of his House, saying, I will eat and drink out of Wooden Vessels, and pay gold and silver for my food, cloths, and Servants.

This same year, the said Sir Thomas, Justiciary of Ireland, dy’d in the castle of Kylka.

MCCCLVII. In the thirty second of this King’s reign, the Lord Almarick de Saint Armund was made Justiciary of Ireland, and enter’d upon his office.

About this time, arose a great dispute between the Lord Archbishop of Armagh, Richard Fitz-Ralfe, and the four Orders of Friers-mendicants: in conclusion, the Archbishop was worsted, and silenc’d by the Pope’s Authority.

MCCCLVIII. In the 33d of the same reign, the Lord Almarick de Saint Armund, Justiciary of the Kingdom, went over into England.

MCCCLIX. In the 34th of this King’s reign, James le Botiller Earl of Ormond, was made Chief Justiciary of Ireland.

Also, On S. Gregory’s day, this year, dy’d the Lady Joan Burk Countess of Kildare, and was bury’d in the Church of the Friers-minors of Kildare, with her Husband the Lord Thomas Fitz-John, Earl of Kildare.

MCCCLX. In the 35th of this same reign, dy’d Richard Fitz-Raulf Archbishop of Armagh, in Hanault, on the 16th of December. His bones were convey’d into Ireland, by the reverend Father Stephen Bishop of Meth, and bury’d in S. Nicholas Church at Dundalk, where he was born; yet it is a question, whether these were his bones, or some other man’s.

Also, This year dy’d Sir Robert Savage in Ulster, a valiant Knight, who near Antrim slew in one day 3000 Irish with a small Party of English; but before the Engagement, he took care to give every English-man a good dose of Wine or Ale, of which he had great store, and reserv’d some for them at their return. Besides this, he order’d, that Sheep, Oxen, Venison, and Fowl, both wild and tame, should be kill’d, and made ready to entertain the Conquerors, whosoever they should be, saying, it would be a shame that Guests should come, and find him unprovided. It pleasing God to bless the English with Victory, he invited them all to Supper to rejoice with him, giving God thanks for his success: He said, I thank God; because thus it is better to save, than to pour on the ground, as some advised. He was bury’d in the Convent of the Friers-predicants of Coulrath, near the river Banne.

Also, The Earl of Ormond, Justiciary of Ireland, went into England, and Moris Fitz-Thomas Earl of Kildare, was made Justiciary of Ireland by charter or commission, in this form: Omnibus, &c. To all, to whom these Presents shall come, greeting: Know ye, that we have committed to our faithful and loving Subject Moris Earl of Kildare, the office of Justiciary of our Kingdom of Ireland, together with the Nation, and the Castles, and all Apurtenances thereunto belonging, to keep and govern them, during our will and pleasure: Commanding, that while he remains in the said office, he receive the sum of five hundred pounds yearly out of our Exchequer at Dublin: Upon which consideration, he shall perform the said office, and take care of the Kingdom, and maintain twenty Men and Horse, in arms constantly, whereof himself shall be one, during the said commission. In witness whereof, &c. Given at Dublin, by the hands of our beloved Brother in Christ, Thomas Burgey, Prior of the Hospital of S. John of Jerusalem in Ireland, our Chancellor of that Kingdom, on the 30th of March, in the 35th year of our reign. Also, James le Botiller, Earl of Ormond, return’d to Ireland, being made Justiciary; whereupon the Earl of Kildare resign’d to him.

MCCCLXI. Leonel, son of the King of England, and Earl of Ulster in right of his Wife, came the King’s Lieutenant into Ireland; and on the 8th of September, being the Nativity of the blessed Virgin, arriv’d at Dublin with his Wife Elizabeth, Daughter and Heir of the Lord William Burk, Earl of Ulster.

disease black plague trym traitor Another Pestilence happen’d this year. There dy’d in England, Henry Duke of Lancaster, the Earl of March, and the Earl of Northampton.

Also, On the 6th of January, Moris Doncref a Citizen of Dublin, was buried in the Church-yard of the Friers-predicants of the same City; having given forty Pounds to glaze the Church of that Convent.

Also, There dy’d this year the Lady Joan Fleming, wife to the Lord Geffery Trevers; and the Lady Margaret Bermingham wife to the Lord Robert Preston, on S. Margaret’s eve: they were bury’d in the Church of the Friers-predicants of Tredagh.

Also, The Lord Walter Bermingham the younger, dy’d on S. Lawrence’s-day, who divided his Estate among Sisters; one of whose Shares came to the aforesaid Preston.

Also, The foresaid Leonel being arriv’d in Ireland, and having refresh’d himself for some few days, made War upon O Brynne, and made Proclamation in his Army, That no native Irishman should be suffer’d to come near it; and a hundred of his Stipendiaries were slain. Leonel, hereupon, drew both English and Irish into one body, and went on successfully, and by God’s mercy and the help of the people of Ireland, grew victorious in all places against the Irish. Among many, both English and Irish, whom he knighted, were these, Robert Preston, Robert Holiwood, Thomas Talbot, Walter Cusacke, James de la Hide, John Ash, and Patrick and Robert Ash.

Also, He remov’d the Exchequer from Dublin to Carlagh, and gave 500 l. to wall the Town.

Also, On the feast of S. Maur the Abbot, there happen’d a violent Wind that shook and blew down Pinnacles, Chimnies, and other high Buildings, with very many Trees and several Steeples; particularly the Steeple of the Friers-predicants.

MCCCLXII. In the 36th year of this King’s reign, and on the 8th of April, S. Patrick’s Church in Dublin was burnt down, through negligence.

MCCCLXIV. In the 38th year of this reign, Leonel Earl of Ulster arriv’d on the 22d of April in England, leaving the Earl of Ormond to administer as his Deputy: On the 8th of December following, he return’d.

MCCCLXV. In the 39th year of this reign, the same Leonel Duke of Clarence went again into England, leaving Sir Thomas Dale Knight, Keeper and Justiciary in his absence.

MCCCLXVII. A great feud arose between the Berminghams of Carbry and the People of Meth, occasion’d by the depredations they had made in that Country. Sir Robert de Preston Knight, Chief Baron of the Exchequer, put a good Garrison into Carbry-castle, and laid out a great deal of money against the King’s Enemies, to defend what he held in right of his wife.

Also, Gerald Fitz-Moris, Earl of Desmond, was made Justiciary of Ireland.

MCCCLXVIII. In the 42d year of the same reign, after the holding of a Conference between the English and Irish, Frier Thomas Burley Prior of Kylmaynon, the King’s Chancellor in Ireland, John Fitz-Reicher Sheriff of Meth, Robert Tirill Baron of Castle-knoke, and many more, were taken Prisoners in Carbry by the Berminghams and others of that Town. Then, James de Bermingham, who was kept in Irons as a Traytor in the Castle of Trim, was set at liberty in exchange for the said Chancellor; the rest were forc’d to ransom themselves.

Also, The Church of S. Maries in Trim, was burnt down by the fire in the monastery.

Also, On the Eve of S. Luke the Evangelist, Leonel Duke of Clarence dy’d at Albe in Pyemont. He was first bury’d in the city of Pavia near S. Augustin, the great Doctor, and afterwards in the Convent of the Austin Fryers at Clare in England.

MCCCLXIX. In the 43d year of this reign, the Lord William de Windesore, a Person of great valour and courage, being made the King’s Lieutenant, came into Ireland on the 12th of July; to whom Gerald Fitz-Moris, Earl of Desmond, resign’d the office of Justiciary.

MCCCLXX. In the 44th year of this reign, the third Pestilence rag’d in Ireland, and was more violent than either of the former two: many of the Nobility and Gentry, as also Citizens, and Children without number, dy’d of it.

The same year, Gerald Fitz-Maurice Earl of Desmond, the Lord John Nicholas, the Lord Thomas Fitz-John, and many others of the Nobility, were taken Prisoners on the 6th of July, near the Monastery of Magio in the County of Limerick, by O-Breen and Mac Comar of Thomond: many were slain in the Fray. Whereupon, the Lieutenant went over to Limerick, in order to defend Mounster; leaving the War against the O-Tothiles and the other Irish in Leinster.

This year, dy’d the Lord Robert Terell Baron of Castle Knock, with his Wife Scolastica Houth, and their son and heir; so that the Inheritance was shar’d between Joan and Maud, sisters of the said Robert.

Also, The Lord Simon Fleming, Baron of Slane, the Lord John Cusak Baron of Colmolyn, and John Taylor sometimes Mayor of Dublin, a very rich man, dy’d this year.

This Continuation is taken from the Manuscript Chronicle of HENRY MARLEBURGH.

MCCCLXXII. The Lord Robert de Asheton came Justiciary into Ireland.

MCCCLXXIII. A great war between the English of Meth, and O-Feroll; with much slaughter on both sides.

Also, The Lord John Husse Baron of Galtrim, John Fitz-Richard Sheriff of Meth, and William Dalton, were kill’d by the Irish in Kynaleagh, in May.

MCCCLXXV. dy’d Thomas Archbishop of Dublin: the same year, Robert of Wickford was consecrated Archbishop of Dublin.

MCCCLXXXI. Edmund Mortimer the King’s Lieutenant in Ireland, and Earl of March and Ulster, dy’d at Cork.

MCCCLXXXIII. A raging pestilence in Ireland.plague disease

MCCCLXXXV. Dublin-bridge fell down.

MCCCXC. dy’d Robert Wikford Archbishop of Dublin.

This year, was the Translation of Robert Waldeby Archbishop of Dublin, of the Order of the Austin-Friers.

MCCCXCVII. The Translation and death of Frier Richard de Northalis, Archbishop of Dublin, of the Order of the Carmelites.

This year, Thomas Crauley was consecrated Archbishop of Dublin.

This year, the Lord Thomas Burk and the Lord Walter Bermingham, cut off 600 of the Irish, and Mac Con their Captain.

* * Read Roger.Edmund Earl of March, Lieutenant of Ireland, with the assistance of the Earl of Ormond, wasted the Country of O Bryn, and made seven Knights, Christopher Preston, John Bedeleu, Edmund Loundris, John Loundris, William Nugent, Walter de la Hide, and Robert Cadel, at the storming of a strong mannor-house of the said O Bryn.

MCCCXCVIII. Forty English, among whom were John Fitz-Williams, Thomas Talbot, and Thomas Comyn, were unfortunately cut-off on Ascension-day by the Lords Lez Tothils.

On S. Margaret’s day, this year, Roger Earl of March, the King’s Lieutenant, was slain, with many others, by O Bryn and other Irish of Leinster, at Kenlys in that province: Roger Grey was appointed to succeed him in the office of Justiciary.

On the Feast of S. Mark, Pope and Confessor, the noble Duke of Sutherey came to Dublin, being made the King’s Lieutenant in Ireland; accompany’d with Thomas Crawley, Archbishop of Dublin.

MCCCXCIX. In the 23d of King Richard, being Sunday, the morrow after S. Petronil or Pernil the Virgin, King Richard arriv’d at Waterford with 200 sail.

At Ford in Kenlys in the County of Kildare, on the 6th day of that week, two hundred of the Irish were slain by Jenicho and others of the English; and the next day, the people of Dublin made an inroad into the Country of O Bryn, and cut off thirty-three of the Irish, and took prisoners to the number of eighty, men, women, and children. The King came to Dublin this year on the fourth of the kalends of July, and embark’d in great haste for England, upon the news that Henry duke of Lancaster was arriv’d there.

MCCCC. At Whitsontide, the first year of King Henry IV. the Constable of Dublin-castle and several others engag’d the Scots at Stranford in Ulster, which prov’d unfortunate to the English; many of them being cut-off and drown’d in that encounter.

MCCCCI. The second year of this reign, the Lord John Stanley the King’s Lieutenant, went over into England in May; leaving the Lord William Stanley to supply his place.

On Bartholomew-eve this year, Stephen Scrope came into Ireland, as Deputy to the Lord Thomas of Lancaster, the King’s Lieutenant.

The same year, on the feast of S. Brice, Bishop and Confessor, the Lord Thomas of Lancaster, the King’s son, being Lieutenant of Ireland, arriv’d at Dublin.

MCCCCII. The Church of the Friers Predicants in Dublin was consecrated on the 5th of July, by the Archbishop of Dublin. The same day 493 Irish were slain by John Drake Mayor of Dublin, assisted with the Citizens and the Country people, near Bree, where they gain’d a considerable victory.

In September this year, a Parliament was held at Dublin. Sir Bartholomew Verdon, Knight, James White, Stephen Gernon and their accomplices, kill’d John Dowdal Sheriff of Louith, in Urgal, during this session.

MCCCCIII. In the fourth of King Henry the fourth, Sir Walter Beterley, a valiant Knight, with thirty more, was kill’d in Ulster in May, being Steward there.

About the feast of S. Martin this year, the King’s Son, Thomas, went over into England, leaving Stephen Scroop his Deputy, who return’d also about the beginning of Lent into England; after which the Lords of the Kingdom chose the Earl of Ormond Justiciary of Ireland.

MCCCCIV. The fifth year of King Henry the fifth dy’d John Cowlton Archbishop of Armagh on the fifth of May, and was succeeded by Nicholas Fleming. The same year on S. Vitali’s-day, a Parliament was held at Dublin by the Earl of Ormond, at that time Justiciary of the Kingdom; where the Statutes of Kilkenny and Dublin, and the Charter of Ireland, were confirm’d.

Patrick Savage was, this year, treacherously slain in Ulster by Mac Kilmori: his brother Richard also, being given as a hostage, was murder’d in prison after he had paid a ransom of 200 marks.

MCCCCV. The sixth of King Henry, three Scotch Galleys, two at Green-Castle and one at Dalkay, were taken in May, with the Captain Thomas Mac Golagh.

The merchants of Tredagh enter’d Scotland this year, and took hostages and booty.

The same year, Stephen Scroop went into England, leaving the Earl of Ormond Justiciary of Ireland.

In June this year, the people of Dublin enter’d Scotland at S. Ninian’s, where they behav’d themselves gallantly; after which they made a descent into Wales, and did great hurt among the Welsh: in this expedition they carry’d away the shrine of S. Cubie, to the Church of the Holy Trinity in Dublin.

The same year, on the Eve of the blessed Virgin, dy’d James Boteler Earl of Ormond at Baligauran, during his office of Justiciary; he was much lamented, and succeeded in the Office by Gerald Earl of Kildare.

MCCCCVI. In the seventh of King Richard, the Dublinians, on Corpus Christi day, with the assistance of the country people, overcame the Irish and kill’d some of them; they took two Standards, and carry’d several heads to Dublin.

The same year, the Prior of Conal, in a battle with 200 Irish well-arm’d, did vanquish them by his great valour, on the Plain of Kildare; killing some, and putting the rest to flight: The Prior and his party were not above twenty; such is the regard of Providence to those who trust in it.

The same year, after the feast of S. Michael, Scroop, Deputy Justice to the Lord Thomas the King’s son Viceroy of Ireland, arrived here:

The same year, dy’d Pope Innocent VII. and was succeeded by Gregory.

The same year on S. Hilaries-day, a Parliament was held at Dublin, which broke up in Lent, at Trym. Meiler Bermingham slew Cathol O Conghir in the latter end of February; and Sir Geffery Vaux, a valiant Knight of the County of Carlagh, dy’d.

MCCCCVII. A perfidious Irishman call’d Mac Adam Mac Gilmori, who had been the occasion of destroying forty Churches, and was never christen’d, and therefore called Corbi; took Patrick Savage prisoner, and forc’d him to pay 2000 marks for his ransom, and, after all, kill’d both him and his brother Richard.

The same year, on the feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, Stephen Scroop deputy Lieutenant to the King’s son Thomas, accompany’d with the Earls of Ormond and Desmond, the Prior of Kilmainan, and many others from Meth, march’d out of Dublin, and invaded the territories of Mac Murgh: Upon engaging, the Irish at first had the better, but they were at last beat back by the bravery of these commanders. O Nolam, with his son, and others, were taken prisoners. But upon the news that the Bourkeins and O Kerol had continued two days together over-running the County of Kilkenny, they march’d in all haste to the village of Callan, and surpriz’d them, and put them to flight. O Kerol, and 800 more, were cut off in this action.

Stephen Scroop went over into England this year, and James le Botler Earl of Ormond was † Per terram.by the Country elected Justiciary.

MCCCCVIII. The said Justiciary held a Parliament at Dublin, which confirm’d the Statutes of Kilkenny and Dublin; and a Charter was granted under the great seal of England against Purveyours.

The very day after the feast of S. Peter ad vincula this year, the Lord Thomas of Lancaster the King’s son and Lieutenant, arriv’d at Carlingford in Ireland, from whence he came the week after to Dublin; As the Earl of Kildare came to him, he arrested the Earl with three more of his retinue. His Goods were all convey’d away by the Lord Lieutenant’s servants, and himself imprison’d in the Castle of Dublin, till he paid 300 marks.

On S. Marcellus’s day, the same year, dy’d Stephen Lord Scroop at Tristeldermot.

The said Thomas of Lancaster was this year wounded at Kilmainan; and almost mortally. Afterwards, he made Proclamation, That all who were indebted to the King upon the account of Tenure, should make their appearance at Rosse. After S. Hilary, he held a Parliament at Kilkenny to have Tallage granted him. On the third of the Ides of March, he went into England, leaving the Prior of Kilmaynan his Deputy.

This year, Hugh Mac-Gilmory was slain at Cragfergus in the Church of the Friers-minors, which he had formerly destroy’d, and broke the Windows thereof (for the sake of the Iron bars) which thereby gave his Enemies, viz. the Savages, admittance.

MCCCCIX. In the 10th of King Henry, in June, eighty of the Irish were cut off by the English, under the conduct of Janico of Artoys in Ulster.

MCCCCX. On the 13th of June, a Parliament was held at Dublin, which continued sitting three Weeks; the Prior of Kilmainan being Deputy for the Justiciary.

The same year, on the 10th of July, the said Justiciary took the Castle of Mibrackly de O Feroll, and built De la Mare: There was great scarcity of corn this year.

The same year, the said Justiciary invaded the Territory of O-Brin at the head of fifteen hundred Kerns, of whom eight hundred deserted and went over to the Irish; so that if the People of Dublin had not been at hand, there would have been much woe and shame: however, John Derpatrick lost his life.

MCCCCXII. About the feast of Tiburce and Valerian, O-Conghir did much harm to the English in Meth, and took 160 Prisoners.

The same year, O-Doles a Knight, and Thomas son of Moris Sheriff of Limerick, kill’d each other.

On the 9th of June this year, dy’d Robert Monteyn, Bishop of Meth; and was succeeded by Edward Dandisey, formerly Arch-deacon of Cornwall.

MCCCCXIII. On the 7th of October, John Stanley, the King’s Lieutenant in Ireland, arriv’d at Cloucarfe; and, on the 6th of January, dy’d at Aterith.

The same year, after the death of John Stanley Lieutenant, Thomas Cranley Archbishop of Dublin was elected Justiciary of Ireland on the 11th of February. Another Parliament was held at Dublin on the morrow of S. Matthias the Apostle, which continu’d fifteen days; and during that term, the Irish set many Towns on fire, as they us’d to do in Parliament-times; upon which a Tallage was demanded, but not granted.

MCCCCXIV. The O-Mordries and O-Dempsies, Irish, were cut off by the English, near Kilka, as the Justiciary Thomas Cranley Archbishop of Dublin, went in Procession in Tristeldermot, praying with his Clerks; and 100 Irish were likewise routed by his Servants and others, their Country-men.

Upon the feast of S. Gordian and Epimachus, the English of Meth were defeated; Thomas Maureuard Baron of Scrin, and many others, were slain, and Christopher Fleming and John Dardis taken Prisoners, by O-Conghir and the Irish.

On S. Martin’s-eve, John Talbot Lord of Furnival, being made Lieutenant of Ireland, arriv’d at Dalkay.

MCCCCXV. Robert Talbot, a Nobleman, who wall’d the Suburbs of Kilkenny, dy’d in November this year.

Also, After All-Saints, dy’d Frier Patrick Baret, Bishop of Ferne and Canon of Kenlis, where he was bury’d.

MCCCCXVI. On the Feast of S. Gervasius and Prothasius, the L. Furnival had a son born at Finglasser. About this time, the reverend Stephen Fleming Archbishop of Armagh departed this life, and was succeeded by John Suanig. At the same time, the Bishop of Ardachad dy’d likewise, viz. Frier Adam Lyns, of the order of the Friers-Predicants.

Also, On S. Laurence’s-day, dy’d Thomas Talbot, son of the Lord Furnival, lately born at Finglas, and was bury’d in the Quire of the Friers-Predicants at Dublin, within the Convent. [A Parliament was held at Dublin,] during which the Irish fell upon the English and slew many of them; and among the rest, Thomas Balimore of Baliquelan.

This Parliament continu’d here for six Weeks, and then adjourn’d till the eleventh of May at Trym; where it sat eleven days, and granted four hundred Marks to the Lieutenant.

MCCCCXVII. On the eve of S. Philip and Jacob, Thomas Cranley Archbishop of Dublin, went over into England, and dy’d at Farindon, and was bury’d in New-college in Oxford; a Person very liberal and charitable, a great Clerk, a Doctor in Divinity, an excellent Preacher, a great Builder, Beautiful and gay, sanguine and tall; so that it might be well said of him, Thou art fairer than the children of men, full of Grace are thy Lips, by reason of thy Eloquence. He was eighty years old, and govern’d the See of Dublin peaceably almost twenty years.

MCCCCXVIII. The feast of the Annunciation happen’d this year on Good Friday; immediately after Easter, the Tenants of Henry Crus and Henry Bethat were plunder’d by the Lord Deputy.

Also, On S. John and S. Paul’s day, the Earl of Kildare, the Lord Christopher Preston, and the Lord John Bedleu, were arrested at Slane, and committed to Trym-castle; who desir’d to speak with the Prior of Kilmainan. On the fourth of August, dy’d the Lord Matthew Husee Baron of Galtrim, and was bury’d in the Convent of the Friers-Predicants of Trym.

MCCCCXIX. On the eleventh of May, dy’d Edmund Brel, sometimes Mayor of Dublin, and was bury’d in the Convent of the Friers-Predicants in the same City. A * * Concilium Regale.Parliament was held at Naas, and three hundred Marks granted to the Lieutenant.

At the same time, dy’d Sir John Loundres, Knight. On the fifth day in Passion-week, O-Thoil took four hundred Head of Cattle that belong’d to Balimor; by which he broke his own Oath and the publick Peace.

On the fourth of May, Mac Morthe the chief Captain of that Sept, and of all the Irish in Leinster, was taken Prisoner. Hugh Cokesey was knighted the same day.

On the last of May, the Lieutenant, and the Archbishop of Dublin, and the Mayor, made the Castle of Kenini to be demolish’d.

The day after S. Processus and Martinian, the Lord William Burgh, with others of the English, slew five hundred Irish, and took O-Kelly prisoner.

On the feast of S. Mary Magdalen, the Lieutenant, John Talbot, went into England, leaving the Archbishop of Dublin to administer in his absence; carrying many Curses along with him, for he paid little or nothing for his Provisions, and was indebted to many.

About the feast of S. Laurence, several dy’d in Normandy, viz. the Brother of Thomas Botiller, Prior of Kilmainan, with many others.

Frier John Fitz-Henry succeeded him in the Priory. The Archbishop being left Deputy, fell upon the Scohies; and cut off thirty Irish, near Rodiston.

Also, On the Ides of February, dy’d Frier John Fitz-Henry, Prior of Kilmainan, and was succeeded by Frier William Fitz-Thomas, who was elected and confirm’d the morrow after S. Valentine’s-day.

Also, † In crastino Cathedræ.The morrow after the feast of S. Peter in Cathedra, John Talbot Lord of Furnival surrender’d his place to Richard Talbot Archbishop of Dublin, who was after chosen Judiciary of Ireland.

MCCCCXX. On the fourth of April, the Lord James Botiller, Earl, arriv’d at Waterford, being Lieutenant of Ireland; and soon after permitted a Combat between two of his Cousins; of whom, one dy’d in the Field, and the other was carry’d off wounded to Kilkenny. On St. George’s-day, the said Lieutenant held a Council at Dublin, and gave order for a Parliament. In the mean time, he took a large Booty from O-Raly, Mac-Mahon and Mac-Guyer. On the eighth of June, the Parliament met at Dublin, and seven hundred Marks were therein granted to the Lieutenant. This Parliament continu’d sixteen days, and at last was prorogued ¦ ¦ Ad feriam secundam.till the Monday after S. Andrews, at Dublin. The Debts of the Lord John Talbot late Lieutenant, were computed in this Parliament, which amounted to a great Sum.

Also, On the morrow after S. Michael’s-day, Michael Bodley departed this life.

Also, On S. Francis’s eve, dy’d Frier Nicholas Talbot Abbot of the Monastery of S. Thomas the Martyr, in Dublin; and was succeeded by Frier John Whiting.

Also, The morrow after S. Simon and Jude, the castle of Colmolin was taken by Thomas Fitz-Geffery.

Also, On S. Katherin the Virgin’s eve, was born Boteler, son and heir to the Earl of Ormond.

Also, * * Secunda feria.On Monday after the feast of S. Andrew, the foresaid Parliament met at Dublin, and sat thirteen days. The Lieutenant had three hundred Marks granted him herein; and it was adjourn’d † Ad feriam secundam.till the monday after S. Ambrose.

News came over at this time, that the Lord Thomas Fitz-John Earl of Desmond, dy’d on S. Laurence’s-day at Paris, and was buried in the Convent of the Friers-predicants there, the King being present at his Funeral. James Fitz-Gerald, his Uncle by the Father’s side, succeeded to the Seignory, who had thrice dispossess’d him of his Estate, and accus’d him of prodigality and waste both in Ireland and England, and that he had already given, or intended to give, Lands to the Abbey of S. James at Keynisham.

MCCCCXXI. [Dominica feria.] The Parliament sat the third time at Dublin, ¦ ¦ Feria secunda.the monday after the feast of S. Ambrose, and therein it was resolv’d, That the Archbishop of Armagh and Sir Christopher Preston, Knight, should be sent to the King for redress of national Grievances.

At the same time, Richard O-Hedian, Bishop of Cassel, was accus’d by John Gese Bishop of Lismore and Waterford, upon thirty distinct Articles; That he favour’d the Irish, and was averse to the English; That he presented none of the English to any Benefice, and had given order to other Bishops that they should not prefer them to any the least Living: That he counterfeited the King of England’s Seal and the King’s Letters-patents, and that he had attempted to make himself King of Mounster; That he took away a Ring from the Image of S. Patrick (which the Earl of Desmond had offer’d) and gave it to his Whore; with several other enormous Crimes, all exhibited in Writing; which created a great deal of vexatious trouble to the Lords and Commons.

In this Parliament, there was also a Debate between Adam Pay Bishop of Clon [and another] for that the Bishop of Clon would have annex’d the Church of another to his See, and that other oppos’d it; so they were referr’d to the Court of Rome. This Session continu’d eighteen days.

On the nones of May, a great Slaughter was made among the retinue of the Earl of Ormond, Lieutenant, near the Monastery of Leys, by O-Mordris; twenty seven of the English were cut off. The chief of them were Purcel and Grant. Ten Persons of Quality were taken Prisoners, and 200 fled to the foresaid Monastery, and were sav’d.

On the Ides of May, dy’d Sir John Bedley, Knight, and Jeffery Galon, formerly Mayor of Dublin, who was bury’d in the Convent of the Friers-predicants of that City.

About this time, Mac-Mahon did great mischief in Urgal; plundering and burning.

On the seventh of June, the Lieutenant went into Leys against O-Mordris with a mighty Army, which kill’d all before them for four days, till the Irish promised peace and submission.

On S. Michael’s-day, Thomas Stanley, with all the Knights and ’Squires of Meth and Irel, took Moyl O-Downyl prisoner, and kill’d others, in the fourteenth year of King Henry the sixth.

Thus far go the Annals of Ireland, viz. all that I could meet with: These I have inserted here, to gratify such as delight in Antiquity. As for the nice delicate Readers, who try all Writings by Augustus’s Age, I am very sensible they will not relish them, because they are written in a rough, insipid, dry Stile, such as was common in that Age. But let these Persons remember, That History bears and requires Authors of all Ages, and that they must look for Things in some Writers, as well as Words in others.

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Last updated Friday, March 7, 2014 at 13:06