The Authoress of the Odyssey, by Samuel Butler

Index

Nothing will be Indexed which can be found readily by referring to the Table of Contents.

Acitrezza, the island of, 43

Æolian-Ionic dialect of the “Iliad” and “Odyssey,” 219

Æolus, his island did not move about, 183

Agamemnon, killed in a covered cloister, 18

Alcinous, and Arēte, their family history, 34, 35; proposes that Ulysses should stay and marry Nausicaa, 37; promises to give Ulysses a gold cup, but never gives it, nor yet his talent of gold, 40; tells the Phæacians of Neptune’s threat, 41, 58; Alcinous, Ulysses, Menelaus and Nestor, all drawn from the same person, 115

Amber, Sicilian, 260

Amphinomus, Ulysses warns, 76

Anticlea, tradition that she hanged herself, 65; in Hades, on the situation, 132, 133

Antinous, never really wanted to marry Penelope, 91; his death throes and the good meat that was spoiled, 154

Argenteria, the, near Trapani, 230

Argus, Ulysses and, 151

Aristarchus, made most use of the Marseilles edition of “Iliad” and “Odyssey,” 219

Armour, removal of the, 155

Art, only interesting in so far as it reveals an artist, 6; the canons of, it is better to be below than above, 267

Arthurian legends, the, and Tennyson, 123

Asinelli, the islet, 189

Athenæum, the author’s two letters to the, p. xvii

Atreus, treasury of, 193

Autolycus, an accomplished thief and perjurer, 81

Axe, Calypso’s , had a handle, 10

Axes, the, why did not the suitors snatch them up? 153, 154

 

Balaclava, said to resemble Trapani, 5

Bayeux tapestry, 11, 13

Bear, the great, Ulysses told to steer by the, 29, 181, 182, 187, 197

Bentley, saying the “Odyssey” was written for women, 4; not perceiving that the “Odyssey” is of later date than the “Iliad,” 5

Biaggini, the late E., ix, 195

Blind, how commentators came to think that Homer was, 7

Brigands, modern, and Cyclopes, 193

Brooch, the, of Ulysses, 80, 227

Bunyan, 110, 111

Butcher and Lang, Messrs., their translation of the “Odyssey,” 7

Buttmann, on the Wandering Cliffs, 196

 

Calypso kept no man-servant, 107; her sailing directions to Ulysses, 181, 182, 187, 197

Catalogues, the Iliadic known to the writer of the “Odyssey,” 174, 237

Cave, forms of the word, much more common in “Odyssey” than “Iliad,” 194

Caves, the two near the place where Ulysses landed in Ithaca, 165-170

Cave-dwellers near Trapani, 193, 194

Cefalù, megalithic remains at, 185; called Portazza, 185; relays of fresh milk at, 186

Charybdis and the Galofaro, 197

Chorizontes, the, 5, 266

Circe, kept no man-servant, 107; as good a prophet as Tiresias, 149; her house and Eumæus’s pig-farm, 195

Clergyman, doctor, carpenter, bard, 152

Clytemnestra, naturally of a good disposition, 24, 116

Coleridge saw no burlesque in the speeches of the players in Hamlet, 259

Collesano, Byzantine (?) remains at, 185

Conturràno and his development since the “Odyssey,” 192

Corfu, anciently called Drepane and then Scheria, 225, 226

Cyclopes, and Læstrygonians, one race, 184; the, had two eyes, 191; still near neighbours of the Phæacians, 190; and modern Brigands, as per Mr. Stigand’s report in the Times, 193

Cyclops means round-faced asμήλωψ, apple-faced, 190; Parmenides called the moon Cyclops, 190

 

Dante, the people whom he meets in another world, 112; è un falso idolo, 113

Darknesses, the two most notable of the “Odyssey,” 188, 189, 198

Defoe, sends Robinson Crusoe a man, not a woman, 114

Didyme, and the island of the Sirens, 195, 196

Disc, Ulysses throws a, 39, 146

Dobree and Φωκέων, 223

Doerpfeld, Dr., and the Iliadic wall, 217, 218

Dolius, and Ulysses, in the house of Laertes, 102, 156

Door, bedroom at Trapani fastened in the Odyssean manner, 141

Drepane and Drepanum, 225

Dulichium, the most important of the Odyssean islands, 176, 177

 

Elpenor, and Ulysses in Hades, 110; his strange fall, 195

Elymi, Thucydides on the, 223

Epic cycle, the Trojan books of the, known to the writer of the “Odyssey,” 249, 250

Eryx the Sican city on the top of, not abandoned, 221

Eteoneus, only a char-butler, 140

Ethiopians, the, known as stretching all across Africa, 18.

Eubœa, assumed by Alcinous to be more distant from Scheria than Ithaca, 37

Eumæus, a male writer would have killed him, 156; a native of Syracuse, 210-212; perhaps a Greek, 214

Eurybates, why hunched in the shoulders, 235, 236

Euryclea, becomes Eurynome, 74, 76, 79; the price paid for her, a rejoinder to the “Iliad,” 143; and Eurynome the same person, 150, 151

Eurymachus, his death throes, and the good meat that was spoiled, 154

Eurymedon, his overthrow, 34, 219, 220

Eurynome, see Euryclea

Ewes, and lambs, the present practice in Sicily, 148

Favognana, derived from Favonius, 180; why Ulysses was not allowed to see, 197, 198

Fielding, his journey to the next world, 113; on Homer, 114

Fifths and Octaves, consecutive, forbidden, 119

Four main lines of the argument, 163

Freeman, Prof., his map of the West coast of Sicily, 176; visited Trapani, 263

 

Geese, Penelope’s dream about the, 82

Genius, an offence, &c., 264; to be stamped out while young, 265

Giacalone-Patti, Prof., ix.

Gladstone, the Right Hon. W. E., his canons as regards the text of “Iliad” and “Odyssey,” xi; the “systematic and comprehensive” study of Homer still young, 5, 6; contrasts the “Iliad” and “Odyssey,” 106; on Clytemnestra, 117; on the time when Homer wrote, 216

Grammerton and Shrewsbury, 160

Greatheart, Mr., 109

Grotta del Toro, the, 167-170

 

Hades, the writer’s attitude towards women, in, 109112

Harbour, Rheithron, used five times in the “Odyssey,” 167; of Trapani, boatmen plying for hire, 172

Hawk, tearing its prey, while still on the wing, 9, 66

Helen, coming down to dinner at the house of Menelaus, 25; mixes Nepenthe in the wine, 26, 144; outside the wooden horse, 144; her penitence for the wrong that Venus had done her, 144; her present of a bridal dress to Telemachus, 150

Heraclidæ, return of, undateable, 215

Hermione, her marriage found more interesting than that of Megapenthes, 136; her marriage interpolated, 137

Hesiod, records a time when iron was not known, 193

Homer, his infinite subtlety, 216; the authoress of the “Odyssey” was angry with him, 247; why the writer of the “Odyssey” let him so severely alone, 250, 251; protest against Introductions to Homer, which include the “Odyssey.” 263

Horace, and mediocribus esse poetis, 264

Horse the Trojan, story of the, shows that the Greeks did not know how Troy fell, 217

Hotel, man no use in a, 107

House of Ulysses, the, 16, 17, 18

Hypereia, near the Cyclopes, 31; probable remains of its wall, 190; not completely abandoned, 221

 

Iacenses, the, 231

Iakin, the coin, and the British Museum catalogue of Sicilian coins, 227, 228

Ιακὀς, means Ionian, 213

“Iliad,” catalogues of the, 174; date of, 215-219; the, refers to no event known to have been later than B.C. 1100, 218

Ingroia, Cav. Prof. of Calatafimi, ix

Invention, not the authoress’s strong point, 202-204

Ionian Settlements on East Sicilian shores, 213

Irus, and Iris, 116

Ismarus, and its wine, 180

Italia, and Œnotria, 184

Ithaca, drawn from Trapani and its neighbourhood, 165 drawn from the island of Marettimo as well as from Trapani, 172; “all highest up in the sea,” sketch of, 178

Jebb, Prof., the 1892 edition of his Introduction to Homer, xviii; his Introduction to Homer, 3; his quotation from Bentley, 4; on Bentley’s not seeing that the “Odyssey” was of later date than the “Iliad,” 5; on the house of Ulysses, 15, 16; and the date of the “Odyssey,” 210; mentioned, 219, 233, 234, 249, 252

Jews, their prayers, for men and for women, 114

Jones, H. Festing, xxi; his, and the author’s , joint oratorio Ulysses, 6; mentioned, 169, 186, 193

 

Kirchhoff, on the first 87 lines of “Od.” i., 252

 

Laertes, why he left off calling on Penelope and coming to town, 131; not poor, 132

Læstrygonians, derivation of the word, and lastricare, 184; and Cyclopes one race, 184; their relays of fresh milk, 184

Lambs, living on two pulls a day at a milked ewe, 9, 44; and ewes-the present practice, 148

Lang, Mr. Andrew, on the house of Ulysses, 15, 16

Latin names, the use of for Greek gods and heroes defended, xi, p. xii, xiii

Layard, Sir H., visited Trapani, 263

List of points necessary for the identification of Scheria, 158, 159

Lubbock, Sir John, his hundred books, 113

Lucian, the most ungallant of all, 113

 

Magistrate, a hungry, Ulysses compared to, 56, 150

Malconsiglio, legends concerning, 165

Malta, not Calypso’s island, 181, 187

Man, and woman, never fully understand one another, 105; can caricature each other, but not draw, 106

Marettimo, the island, had a wall all round it, 194

Marseilles, the civic edition of “Iliad” and “Odyssey” used most largely by Aristarchus, 219

Mediocribus esse poetis, &c., 264

Megalithicism, the two kinds of, 193

Megapenthes, only married because his sister was, 138

Melanthius and the store-room, 154, 155

Menelaus, Ulysses, Alcinous, and Nestor, all from the same person, 115; the collapse of his splendour in Book xv., 139; he used to sell wine, 139; his frank bourgeoisie, 139; his fussiness, 139; why made to come back on the day of Ægisthus’s funeral feast, 236

Mentor, his name coined from Nestor’s , 235

Milk rarely to be had fresh except in the morning in Sicily and S. Italy, 186

Milking ewes, what Sicilian shepherds now do, 148

Minerva, not an easy person to recognise, and had deserted Ulysses for a long time, 59, 257, 258; Ulysses upbraids her for not telling Telemachus about his return, 60; her opinion of Penelope, 134, 135; her singular arrangements for Telemachus, 140; Ulysses remonstrates with her, 141; sending Telemachus a West wind to take him from Ithaca to Pylos, 199; her total absence in Books ix.-xii. apologised for, 257, 258

Mixing-bowl, the, in an angle of the cloisters, 88; Phemius lays his lyre down near the, and near the approach to the trap-door, 94

Motya, 177

Mure, Colonel, on the Phæacian episode, 7, 258; visited Trapani, 263

 

Narcissus, a cantata by H. Festing Jones, Esq., and the author, 259

Nausicaa, her dream, and going to the wash, 31, 32; her meeting with Ulysses, 32-34; the ill-natured gossip of her fellow townspeople, 33; her farewell to Ulysses, 41; the most probable authoress, 206208

Nepenthe, the order in which its virtues are recorded, 144

Neptune, turns the Phæacian ship into stone, 58

Nestor, Alcinous, Menelaus, and Ulysses, all drawn from the same person, 115

 

Occasional notes, to show that the writer is a woman, 142-157

Octaves consecutive, 119, 204

“Odyssey,” the examples of feminine mistakes, 9; refers to nothing of later date than B.C. 1100, 218

Œnotria, and Italia, 184

Olympia, apparently unknown to the writer, 218

Orsi, Dr., mentioned, 185, 186; and pre-Corinthian cemeteries near Syracuse, 213

ὀρσοθύρα, the, 17, 92; the way towards was in the corner of the cloister, near the mixing-bowl, 94

Ortygia, and Syra, 65, 211

 

Pagoto, Signor Giuseppe, 148

Pantellaria, rightly placed as regards Scheria, 187; still a prison-island, 203

Parmenides, calls the moon Cyclops, 190

Penelope, her web, 21, 129; gets presents out of the suitors, 77; scandalous versions of her conduct in ancient writers, 125; she protests too much, 126; did she ever try snubbing or boring, 130; Minerva’s opinion of her, 134, 135; and the upset bath, 152; gloating over the luxury of woe, 152; not a satisfactory guardian of the estate, 153; tells her story to Ulysses before Ulysses tells his to her, 157

Perseus, does not rescue Andromeda, 109

Phæacian women, their skill in weaving, and general intelligence, 35

Phæacians, the, making drink offerings to Mercury (covert satire), 36; Ulysses’ farewell to the, 108; a thin disguise for Phocæans, 219; used 50-oared vessels like the Phocæans, 220

Phemius, begs for mercy, 94

Phocæ and Phocæans, 218

Phocæa, an Ionian city surrounded by Æolians, 219

Phocæans, the, used 50-oared vessels, 220; and Phocians, 4, 222, 223

Phœnician quarrymen’s marks on walls of Eryx, 192

Phœnicians, the, distrusted, but not much known about Phoenicia, 218

Piacus, 228

Pic-nic, a, to Polyphemus’s cave, 147, 148

Pisistratus, accompanies Telemachus to Sparta, 24; does not like crying during dinner, 25; gets no present, 150

Platt, Mr. Arthur, on the house of Ulysses, 15, 16

Poetesses, early Greek, abundant, 11, 12

Policeman, identifying prisoner, 160

Polyphemus, and his cave, drawn from life, 147, 148; his system of milking, 148; his cave still called la grotto di Polifemo, 188; the rocks he threw, Asinelli and Formiche, 189; had two eyes, 191: and Conturràno, 191, 192

Portazza, and Telepylus, 185

 

Quarry, called Dacinoi, 231

 

Raft, Ulysses’, 29

Raven rock, the, 165, 171

Rheithron, the harbour, used five times in “Odyssey,” 167

Rudder, the poetess’s ideas about a, 9, 10

“Ruler,” a two foot, betraying a writer as a woman, 10

 

Salt works of S. Cusumano, 166

Sappho, and other early Greek poetesses, 11, 12

Sardinian smile, a, 203

Scheria, means Jutland, 31; and Drepane, ancient names of Corfu, 225, 226

Schliemann, visited Trapani, 263

Seals, the intolerable smell of, 144; or Phocæ, malicious allusion to Phocæans, 220

Segesta, later than the “Odyssey,” 185

Selborne, Lord, his reminiscences, 172

Servants, like being told to eat and drink, 65

Shelley, on the sweetness of the “Odyssey,” 106

Shield of Achilles, the, its genuineness defended, 243-246

Shipwreck, and loss of Ulysses’ ship, 56

Shirt, a clean, Alcinous’ and his sons’ views concerning, 145

Shrewsbury, and Grammerton, 160

Sicels, in the “Odyssey,” 214-215

Σικανίης, not corrupted into, Σικελίης, 214

Sirens, the, and Didyme, 195, 196

Sleep, the, of Ulysses, 173, 253, 254.

Smyth, Admiral, on the Æolian islands and on Charybdis, 196, 197

Snow, frequent in the “Iliad,” but hardly even named in the “Odyssey,” 260

Spadaro, Prof., of Marettimo, 194

Sugameli, Signor, p. ix, 166, 169, 230, 231

Suitors, the, how many from each island, 68; they are also the people who were sponging on Alcinous, 122; they cannot be perfect lovers and perfect spongers at the same time, 127; their version of Penelope’s conduct, 128, 129

Sun, turnings of the, 211, 212

Sun-god, the, leaving his sheep and cattle in charge of two nymphs, 149

Swallow, Ulysses bowstring sings like a, 90; Minerva flies out to the rafters like a, 154

Syracuse, pre-Corinthian, 211, 212

 

Tarragona, the walls of, 222

Taygetus range, still roadless, 198

Tedesco, Signor, of Marettimo, 194

Telegony, the, and the “Odyssey,” 125

Telemachus, lectured by Minerva, 120; and by Penelope, 121; the two great evils that have fallen on his house, 122; only twelve years old when Ulysses went to Hades, 133; his alarm about his property, 135, 136; did not tip Eteoneus, 150

Telepylus, a fictitious name, 184

Temesa, copper mines of, 19; its people did not speak Greek, 214

Tennyson, and the Arthurian legends, 123

Theoclymenus sees the doom that overhangs the suitors and leaves the house, 86; his presence in the poem, strange, 201

Thersites, and Eurybates, 235, 236

Tholus, the, 17, 95, 98

Thucydides, and “Phocians of those from Troy,” 4, 5, 222, 223; on the Cyclopes and Læstrygonians, 184; substantially in accord with the writer of the “Odyssey,” 221; biassed in favour of the Corfu Drepane rather than the Sicilian Drepanum, 226

Tiresias, his prophecy, and warning about the cattle of the Sun, 49, 50, 254, 255, 256

Toro, grotta del, 167-170

Trapdoor, the, 92; the way towards was in the corner of the cloisters near the mixing bowl, 94

Trapani, what any rival site has got to show before claiming much consideration, 162

Trapani and Ægadean islands from Mt. Eryx, sketch of, 178

Troy, date of its real or supposed fall, 215-218

 

Ulysses, H. Festing Jones’s , and S. Butler’s oratorio, 6

Ulysses, fastens his chest with a knot that Circe had taught him, 258; his deep sleep, 173, 253, 254; upbraids Minerva for not telling Telemachus about his impending return, 60, 141; and Argus, 72, 151; warns Amphinomus, 76; rebukes Eurymachus, 78; he and Telemachus remove the armour, 79, 155; his brooch, 80, 227; having his feet washed by Euryclea, 81, 152; compared to a paunch cooking before a fire, 83, 153; his bedroom, surmise that the maids were hanged all round it, 98; interview with Laertes in the garden, 101, 102; eating with Dolius, 102, 156; his farewell speeches to the Phæacians, and to Queen Arēte, 108; his main grievance a money one, 109; he, Alcinous, Menelaus, and Nestor, all drawn from the same person, x15; always thankless, 150; why not allowed to see either Favognana or the Scherian coast, 188, 197, 198; house of, and that of Alcinous, 205, 206

Unconscious cerebration, examples of, 236, 237, 238, 239

Ustica, as the island of Æolus, 183

 

Vaulted room, the, 17, 95, 98

Virgil, and Æneas in Hades, 113; gives the Cyclopes only one eye, 191; and Drepanum, 224

 

Wall, the Iliadic, date of, 217, 218

Wandering cliffs, the, 53, 54, 55, 196

Wolf, his theory baseless and mischievous, 2, 3

Woman and man, never fully understand one another, 105; can caricature each other, but not draw, 106

Women, single, will not have a man in the house if they can help it, 107; in Hades, the writer’s attitude towards, 110, 111; treatment of the guilty, in the house of Ulysses, 117-119

World, its greatest men know little of the, 267

 

York, the Duke of, and his marriage, 108

Young people, apt to be thoughtless, 37, 146

 

Zimmern, Miss Helen, p. ix

Zummari, la Caletta dei, 195

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