Journeys in Persia and Kurdistan, by Isabella Bird

Index

A

Ab-i-Arjanak, ii. 77

Ab-i-Baznoi, ii. 59, 70

Ab-i-Bazuft, ii. 15

Ab-i-Burujird, ii. 71, 114

Ab-i-Diz, ii. 71, 113

Ab-i-Khonsar or Abi Kûm, i. 161, 168, 170

Ab-i-Kirrind, i. 93

Ab-i-Mowaz, ii. 18

Ab-i-Nozi, ii. 18

Ab-i-Sefid, ii. 66

Ab-i-Zaz, ii. 94

Abba, Arab dress, i. 33

Abdul Azim, i. 178, 189

—— Rahim, i. 99;
hospitality, 99;
family history, 99;
ménage, 101, 115;
courtesy, 114

Abraham, Deacon, ii. 243

Agha Hassan, i. 99

Ahang Garang, i. 152

Ahwaz, i. 9, 10

Aimarah, i. 16;
prison, 17

Akabah-i-Holwan, i. 88

Akhlat, ii. 360;
rock chambers, 361;
castle, 362;
monoliths, 362;
turbehs or mausoleums, 362

Akhtamar, Island rock of, ii. 343;
Church, 343

Alexander, Dr., ii. 162

Ali–Ilahis, i. 85, 86

Ali–Kuh, ii. 1, 4;
wild-flowers, 5;
Pass, 5

Aliabad, caravanserai of, i. 172, 226

Amin-es-Sultan, or Prime Minister, i. 176, 203

Amin-i-lewa, ii. 5

Amir-i-Panj, i. 261–266;
character, 262;
andarun, 263;
on the education and position of English women, 264

Amirabad, ii. 205

Angugh, ii. 341

Anhar, ii. 261

Arabs, improvement of, i. 11;
condition, 20;
costume, 33;
tattooing, 34

Arak, i. 272

Ardal, i. 311, 317, 336; ii. 2;
valley, i. 316;
castle, 318;
andarun, 318–322

Ardost, peaks of, ii. 338

Arjanak, ii. 78

Arjul, alpine meadow, i. 349

Armenian houses, i. 37, 270;
women, 272;
churches, 273–276;
pictures, 274;
long fasts, 276;
superstitions, 277;
costume, 278, 364;
needle-work, 366;
banquet, 367;
church, 368;
characteristics of, ii. 336;
condition, 340;
brides, 368;
in Kurdistan, 373–377;
ruins, 389

Artemid, ii. 341

Ashirets, the, ii. 314

Ashkala, ii. 387

Aslam Khan, ii. 63

Aurugun, i. 370

B

Baba Ali Mountain, ii. 197

Bābā Yadgār, tomb of, i. 86

Babarashan, ii. 177

Bābis, sect of the, i. 273

Badush, ii. 83

Bagh-i-Washi, i. 301

Baghdad, i. 21;
Church Mission at, 24;
impressions of, 26;
population, 28;
bazars, 29;
cafés, 30;
trade, 30, 43;
“Fish of Tobias,” 31;
bricks, 35;
schools at, 36, 37;
dispensary, 38;
boils, 39

Bahar, ii. 169

Baiburt, ii. 388

Bakhtiari Country, the general description of, i. 286–293;
women, 319;
hair-dyes, 319;
costume, 320;
dying man, 322–325;
politics, 327;
punishments, 329;
entertainment, 331;
haram, 353;
marriage customs, 355;
chapi, national dance, 356;
conceit, 357;
camping-ground, 371;
tents, 372;
hospitality, 377;
diseases, 379;
education, ii. 7;
methods of cultivation, 9;
paternal tenderness, 21;
diet, 22;
sensitiveness, 32;
poverty, 54;
“blood feuds,” 55;
tribal feuds, 84;
tribesmen, 98;
burial rites, 99;
graveyards, 100;
religion, 101–103;
men’s costume, 106;
women’s, 107;
polygamy, 108;
population, 110 note;
taxation, 111;
exports, 111;
animals, 117

Baldiji, Moslem village, i. 369

Bani, ii. 267

Barchallah, ii. 286

Basnoi, ii. 67

Basrah, i. 1, 6;
climate, 7;
date industry, 7;
inhabitants, 8

Bawali, ii. 124

Bazuft or Rudbar valley, ii. 10, 13

Beladruz, i. 60

Bell, Colonel S., on Van, ii. 338, 340

Berigun, ii. 23

Berwar–Lata valley, ii. 323

Besitun range, i. 98, 119;
village, 121, 122

Bideshk, i. 236

Bihishtabad, the Mansion of Heaven, ii. 3

Bijar, ii. 173, 178

Bijilan mountain, ii. 368

Bilar, ii. 323

Bingol Dagh, ii. 370

Bitlis, ii. 341, 350;
trade, 351;
population, 352;
Christian Mission at, 354;
school, 355;
mineral springs, 359;
valley, 349

Blizzards, i. 95, 123, 154, 235; ii. 370

Boka, i. 129

“Boy,” a pet horse, ii. 135

Bread-making, Persian, i. 159

Browne, Mr., ii. 284, 317–319

Bruce, Dr., i. 5, 46, 248, 252

—— Mrs., i. 245

Buffaloes, ii. 212

Burujird, town of, ii. 124;
“tribute insurrection,” 127;
population, 130;
manufactures, 130;
prosperity, 131;
plain of, 124

Bushire, i. 1;
commerce of, 3

C

Canals, i. 51

Caravan, fate of a, i. 133

Caravans, i. 50; ii. 388;
collision of, i. 91, 144

Caravanserai, dirt of a, i. 81–83

Carmelite monks, French, i. 37

Carpets, Persian, i. 109

Chadar, i. 17

Chahar Bagh bridge, i. 258

—— Mahals or four districts, i. 308, 361

Chaharta, i. 359

Chaldæan plains, i. 14

Challeh Kuh, peak of, i. 370

Chalonitis, i. 85

Chaman Kushan, plain of, ii. 28

Chapi, Bakhtiari dance, i. 356

Charmi village, i. 307

Charzabar Pass, i. 94

Cherri Pass, ii. 13

Cheshmeh-i-Charzabar torrent, i. 95

Chesmeh-i-Gurab, i. 346

—— Zarin, plain of, ii. 24

Chigakhor, i. 348;
plain of, 369;
patients, 369;
“season,” 370;
fort, 375

Child-life, Persian, i. 218

Chiraz, i. 358

Christian missions at Baghdad, i. 24;
at Bitlis, ii. 355;
at Erzerum, 382;
at Hamadan, 162,
result of, 164 note;
at Julfa, i. 248;
at Tihran, 188;
at Urmi, ii. 221–234,
history of, 226,
results, 229;
at Van, 335 note

“Christians of St. John,” i. 17

Cochrane, Dr., ii. 224

Ctesiphon, ruins of, i. 22

Curzon, Mr. G., letter to the Times, i. 198;
on Julfa, 246

D

Dalonak, peak of, ii. 16

Darkash Warkash, i. 317

Dastagird, i. 60

Dastgird, i. 376

“Date boils,” i. 39

—— palms, i. 8

Daulatabad, ii. 140

“David’s Fort,” i. 86

Dead, mode of carrying, i. 36, 168

Dehnau village, i. 353

Demavend, cone of, i. 176, 240

“Demon wind,” the, i. 127

Dervishes, i. 236–238

“Desert,” the, i. 48

Deswali, ii. 134

Deveh Boyun, ii. 385

Dilakoff, Yacub, ii. 223 note

Dilleh, peak of, ii. 22

Dima, ii. 19, 25

Dinarud river, i. 348

Dissa, ii. 216

Diyalah, i. 51, 60

Diz Arjanak, ii. 82

Diza, ii. 276;
reduction of the garrison, 276;
first visit to a Turkish official, 277

Dizabad, i. 140;
ruins of, 142

Dizful or Bridge of Diz, ii. 71

Drinayi Pass, ii. 275

Duab river, ii. 11

Duashda Imams, i. 343

Dukkani–Daoud or David’s shop, i. 85, 87

Dupulan, i. 351;
Pass, 352

E

Elam, Upper, ii. 34

Elburz mountains, i. 176, 225

Elijeh, ii. 386

Elwend, Mount, ii. 144

England, native opinions of, i. 19, 73, 171, 198; ii. 7, 79, 128,
199, 272

Erzerum, ii. 381;
Christian mission at, 382;
trade, 383;
“sights,” 383;
“troubles,” 383;
Sanassarian College, 385

Esther and Mordecai, tomb of, ii. 153

Etiquette, code of, i. 105

Euphrates, ii. 365, 368

Eyal, hamlet of, ii. 275

Ezra, tomb of, i. 13

F

Faidun, ii. 47

Fao, i. 5

Fath’ Ali Shah, i. 170

Fatima, shrine of, i. 167–169;
pilgrimages to, 167

Feraghan, plain of, i. 151;
carpets, 151;
salt lake, 158

Fire-worshippers, i. 194

Fraser, Mr. Baillie, Travels in Kurdistan, i. 28

Frat, the, ii. 386

G

Gaberabad, caravanserai of, i. 232

Gahgoran, ii. 282;
night alarm, 283

Gal-i-Bard-i-Jamal Pass, ii. 26, 36

Gal-i-Gav Pass, ii. 34, 39

Gamasiab river, i. 123, 125

Gandaman, plain of, i. 361;
village, 363

Gardan-i-Cherri, ii. 13, 19

Gardan-i-Gunak, ii. 71

Gardan-i-Rukh, i. 308

Gardan-i-Tak-i-Girreh, i. 88

Gardan-i-Tir–Machi, ii. 188

Gardan-i-Zirreh, i. 313

Garden of Eden, i. 13

Gargunak, ii. 19

Gartak, ii. 45

Gas Khana marsh, i. 301

Gates, language of, i. 271

Gaukhaud, ii. 168, 176

Gawar, plain of, ii. 275;
request for teachers, 281

Geog-tapa, ii. 219;
church, 243;
orphanage, 244

Geokahaz, ii. 188;
cleanliness, 192

Getchid, ii. 389

Gez, i. 240, 242

Ghazit village, ii. 346

Ghazloo Pass, ii. 368;
village, 369

Gil-i-Shah Pass, ii. 31

Givr, i. 161

Gokun, ii. 41;
river, 45

Gopher, a, i. 19

Gorab, plateau of, ii. 15;
serious incident, 17

Gudzag, ii. 360

Gulabek, i. 183

Gumushkhané valley, ii. 391

Gurab plain, i. 346

Gurāns, the, i. 86

Guwa river, ii. 49

H

Hadji Hussein, plain of, ii. 203

Haizdar or Haigatsor plain, ii. 332, 341

Hakīms, female, ii. 74;
remedies, 74;
diseases, 75

Hamadan, ii. 134, 148;
ruinous condition, 149;
bazars, 150;
namads or felts, 151;
intemperance, 152;
tomb of Esther and Mordecai, 153;
tablets, 154;
degradation of the Jews, 155;
inhabitants, 155, 156;
Faith Hubbard school, 160;
Medical mission at, 162;
visitors, 162;
Christian mission at, 164;
travelling arrangements, 165

Hamilabad, i. 127, 134;
a diseased crowd, 135

Hamrin hills, i. 59

Hamzikeuy, Greek village, ii. 394

Handawan, pass of, ii. 124

Harta village, ii. 378

Harunabad, i. 94

Hashal river, ii. 341

Hassan–Kaleh, fortress of, ii. 381

Hassan Khan, ruined fort, i. 123

Hesso Khan, a Kurdish chief, ii. 264;
costume, 265

Holiwar valley, ii. 95, 104

Holwan, i. 63, 81, 85

Horses, Arab, i. 118.

—— Bakhtiari, ii. 117

—— Persian, i. 190;
clothing, 185; ii. 136;
food, 137

“Hospital Sunday,” i. 155

Husseinabad, i. 134, 176, 212

i

Ilyat villages, i. 78, 81;
camps, 84, 314; ii. 193, 205;
costume, i. 316;
familiarity, ii. 194

Imamzada-i-Mamil, ii. 118

Imamzada torrent, i. 350

Imam Kuli Khan, Ilkhani, i. 325

Inda Khosh, ii. 206

Indo–European telegraph line, i. 227

Inn, Turkish, i. 52

Irene, Lake, ii. 87, 88

Isfahan, i. 244;
bridges, 258;
dyed fabrics, 258;
Medresseh, armoury, 266;
trade, 267;
Farhang newspaper, 268;
manufactures, 269;
climate, 269

Isfandyar Khan, Ilbegi, i. 328;
haram, 332–335

J

Jabali–Besitun range, i. 112, 119

Jafirabad, ii. 184

Jagatsu river, ii. 197

Jairud, i. 158;
fruit exported, 158

Jalanda mountain, ii. 50

Jamilabad village, ii. 143

Jan Mir, sheikh, i. 79

Jehanbin, i. 312

Jelu ranges, ii. 281, 325

Julfa, i. 227, 243;
“alleys,” 246;
society, 247;
history, 248;
church missions at, 248;
schools, 250:
mission house, 251;
picnics, 257;
“city of waters,” 269;
preparations for journey, 281–285

K

Kabobs, Persian dish, ii. 139

Kahva Rukh, i. 300, 308;
patients, 309;
nocturnal robbery, 311

Kaisruh mountain, ii. 11

Kaj, ii. 3

Kajawehs or panniers, i. 118

Kala Kuh, ii. 58, 65

Kalahoma, ii, 47, 50;
patients, 51

Kalhurs, the, i. 86

Kalian, or water pipe, i. 107

Kalla Khanabad, ii. 105

Kamand–Ab, ii. 124

Kamarun, ii. 47

Kamerlan Pass, ii. 325

Kanaats, i. 241

Kandal Pass, ii. 285

Kangawar, i. 131

Kanisairani summits, ii. 276

Kar Kanun, ii. 27

Kara Kapru, ii. 369

Karabulāk, Kurdish village, ii. 182

Karachai river, ii. 196

Karaftu, fortress palace of, ii. 194

Karasu river, i. 112, 114

Karsi or platform, i. 132

Karun river, i. 5, 342, 351; ii. 23, 29;
trade on, i. 10, 12;
its tributaries, ii. 30

Kashan, i. 220;
telegraph station, 227;
manufactures, 230;
reflêt tiles, 231

Kashava, ii. 202

Kashgan, ii. 120

Kasr-i-Kajar, i. 195

Kasr-i-Shirin, i. 79;
ruins of, 80;
romantic legends, 80 note

Kasrik Kala Pass, ii. 332

Kasseinabad, i. 226

Katirgis or muleteers, i. 50

Kavir or Great Salt Desert, i. 174, 177

Kavrak, defiles of, ii. 196

Kazimain, i. 23

Kerbela, “Dead March,” i. 35, 36;
pilgrims to, ii. 189–191

Kerkhah, i. 94

Ketchuda or headman, i. 329;
duties, 377

Khana Mirza plain, i. 360

Khanjarak, ii. 329;
poverty, 330;
church, 330

Khannikin, i. 61;
haram, 66, 71;
trade, 69;
peasant life, 74–76

Kharba valley, ii. 36

Khariji village, i. 312

Kharshut valley, ii. 391;
village, 392

Khashmaghal village, ii. 184

Kherson valley, ii. 19

Khosroe Parviz, legend, i. 80 note

Khuramabad, ii. 103, 120;
dirt and squalor, 122;
Bala Hissar fort, 123

Killa Bazuft, ii. 8, 19

Kirmanshah, i. 98;
population, 101;
street, 102;
inhabitants, 102;
customs, 103;
punishment, forms of, 103;
reception by the Governor, 103;
the Citadel, 104;
code of etiquette, 105,
of pipes, 107;
rugs, 109;
carpet-weaving, 110;
soldiers, 111;
lanterns, 111;
horses, 118

Kirrind, i. 84, 92;
plain of, 87;
valley, 90

Kizil Kabr, red range of, ii. 197

—— Robat, i. 53;
dirt and discomfort, 60

—— Uzen stream, ii. 180

Knapp, Mr. and Mrs., ii. 355

Kochanes, ii. 261, 286;
Mar Shimun the Patriarch, 288–294;
church, 296–302;
cattle plague, 319

Kooltapa, ii. 169;
robbery, 171

Kop Dagh, ii. 387

—— Khané, ii. 388

Kornah, i. 13

Kotranis, ii. 323

Kourbana, celebration of the, ii. 310

Kufas or gophers, i. 18

Kuh-i-Bozah, i. 129

Kuh-i-Dinar, ii. 2

Kuh-i-Gerra, ii. 2

Kuh-i-Haft Kuh, ii. 94

Kuh-i-Hassan, i. 129

Kuh-i-Kaller, i. 360

Kuh-i-Milli, ii. 12

Kuh-i-Nassar, i. 313

Kuh-i-Paran, i. 129

Kuh-i-Rang, ii. 34

Kuh-i-Sabz, i. 316

Kuh-i-Shahan, ii. 26

Kuh-i-Sukhta range, i. 313

Kuh-i-Zirreh, ii. 2

Kuh–Shah-Purnar, i. 313

Kuh Sufi, i. 257

Kuh Surisart, ii. 194

Kuhrūd, i. 233;
exports, 234;
valley, 232;
pass of, 234

Kûm, i. 160, 211;
telegraph line and post-office, 166;
Fatima, shrine of, 167;
the dead, source of wealth, 168;
industries, 170;
“holy” city, 170;
theological college, 170;
ruinous condition, 220

Kunak, i. 363

Kupru Bridge, ii. 391

Kurdish houses, i. 88; ii. 191;
women, 192

Kurds, depredations of the, ii. 272;
robbery and violence, 278, 295, 323, 330;
costume, 352–354;
physique, 352;
description of, 372;
outrages, 375;
remorseless robbers, 377

Kut-alAimarah, i. 18

Kuzik lake, ii. 365

l

Labaree, Dr., ii. 240 note

Lahdaraz, i. 359

Land, cultivation of, i. 21

Lanterns, Persian, i. 111; ii. 158

Layard, Sir A. H., Early Adventures, i. 13 note;
on Ali–Ilahism, 87;
on the Bakhtiaris, 294

Lazes, the, ii. 391

Legation, the British, at Tihran, i. 175

Letter from the Turkish Ambassador, ii. 322

Libasgun, i. 365

Lodgings for travellers, i. 82

Luri–Buzurg, the, i. 286–299

Lurs, Bakhtiari, i. 293–297;
external improvement, ii. 18

Lurs, Feili, i. 297–299

Lyne, Mr. and Mrs., i. 214

M

Mahidasht, i. 93;
plain of, 97;
river, 96

Makhedi, ii. 58

Mar Shimun, the Syrian Patriarch of Kochanes, ii. 288–294

Marbishu, ii. 267;
church, 269;
Qasha Ishai’s dwelling, 271

Margil, i. 7

Martaza, Ilyat encampment, i. 343

Masir, ii. 48

Matchetloo, ii. 364

Mauri Zarin valley, ii. 77

Mehemetabad, ii. 211

Meron or holy oil, i. 277

Merwana, ii. 262

Merwanen village, ii. 327

Miandab, ii. 204

Mianmalek Pass, ii. 194

Mirza Taghi, murder of, i. 206

Missionaries, female, life, i. 253–255

—— Medical, i. 38, 188, 250; ii. 162, 224

Missions. See Christian

Modakel, i. 115

Mohammerah, i. 5

Moharrem, or month of mourning, ii. 158

Money, difficulty of procuring, ii. 320

Mongawi village, ii. 143

Mowaz, ii. 15

Muhammad Jik, ii. 202

Murad-chai river, ii. 365

Murcheh Khurt, i. 232, 239

Muschir-u-Dowleh, i. 205;
his mosque, 206;
college, hospital, 207;
palace, 207;
andarun, 209

Mush, plain of, ii. 348

Myan Tak hamlet, i. 88

N

Naghun village, i. 331;
Pass, ii. 2

Nahrwan canal, i. 51

Nal Shikan Pass, i. 94

Namads or felts at Hamadan, ii. 151

Names, i. 140

Nanej, i. 135;
female curiosity, 137;
ceremonials on the birth of a child, 138, 139

Narek village, ii. 342

Nasrabad, i. 226; ii. 184

Nimrud Dagh, ii. 342

No Ruz or New Year, festival of, annual ceremony, i. 204, 219

Norduz, ii. 327

Norullak, plain of, ii. 365

O

Odah, Turkish guest-house, ii. 344

Odling, Dr. and Mrs., i. 198

Ombar, ii. 263

Orta Khan, first camping-ground, i. 49

P

Padshah-i-Zalaki, ii, 60;
disorderly crowd, 60;
attack, 63;
thefts, 71;
savage life, 73

Pai–Tak, i. 87

Pambakal Pass, ii. 30

Pamir desert, “the roof of the world,” i. 127

Parwez, ii. 90, 93, 104;
under fire, 90

Pasbandi Pass, i. 312

Pasin Plain, ii. 381

“Pass of the Angel of Death,” i. 175

Passanghām, i. 225

Peasant’s house, Persian, i. 148;
flat roofs, 149

Pedlars, i. 260

Pelu, Mount, ii. 338

Persia, bibliography of, i. 6, 13, 84, 87, 107, 113, 138, 182,
228, 286, 307, 327; ii. 158, 243, 249, 258, 269, 300, 304, 335,
363, 367, 378, 383, 384

—— farewell impressions of, ii. 246–260;
condition, 247;
population, 249;
condition of the working classes, 250;
independence, 251;
characteristics of the upper classes, 252;
morals, 252;
education, 253;
law, 254;
Shah, a despotic ruler, 255;
official corruption, 257

Persian frontier, i. 78

—— lady, costume of a, i. 216, 217;
amusements, 219

Pharipah, i. 134

Pigeon towers, i. 302

Pikhruz, ii. 358, 363

Pipes, etiquette of, i. 107–109

Pira Mah mountain, ii. 197

Piru, precipice of, i. 120, 121

Pirzala, ii. 276

Polygamy, i. 214

Post stations, i. 223

Potter, Dr., i. 188

Pul-i-Hawa, ii. 114

Pul-i-Kajū, i. 258

Pul-i-Kala, i. 304

Pul-i-Wargun, i. 300

Q

Quhaibalak, ii. 286

Qwarah, ii. 286

R

Rahwan, plain of, ii. 348

Ramazan, fast of, i. 303

Rawlinson, Sir H., on Ali–Ilahism, i. 86;
on the rock sculptures, 112;
on Besitun antiquities, 122;
on the Bakhtiaris, 296

Reynolds, Dr., ii. 336

Rhages or Rhei, ancient city of, i. 178, 194

Riji, i. 360

Riz, i. 301;
pigeon towers, 301;
lack of privacy, 303

“Road Beetle,” i. 242

—— Guards, escort of, ii. 193, 201

Ross, Colonel, i. 2

Rugs. See Carpets

Russia, native opinions of, i. 198; ii. 181, 199

Rustam-i village, ii. 4

S

Sabz Kuh, i. 359

Sabzu ravine, i. 352;
river, 359;
valley, 359

Safid–Kuh, or “white mount,” ii. 19

Sah Kala, ii. 49

Sahid stream, ii. 41;
village, 41;
burial-ground, 42

Sahmine, ii. 137;
buildings, 138;
exports, 139

Sain Kala, ii. 197;
trade, 197;
inhabitants, 198

Salamatabad village, ii. 180

Sanak river, ii. 206, 208

“Sang Miwishta,” ii. 70

Sanginak mountain, i. 345

Sanjud, ii. 194

Sannah, i. 119, 125;
a diseased crowd, 127

Sar-i-Cheshmeh-i-Kurang, ii. 29, 33

Sarakh river, ii. 188

Sarawand, ii. 88;
noisy crowd, 89

Saripul-i-Zohab, i. 77;
history of, 84

Saruk, i. 143;
carpets, 146;
climate, 146;
peasants’ houses, 148;
flat roofs, 149

Sassoon, Sir A., i. 36

Schindler, General, on the population of Persia, ii. 249

Scribe, Persian, i. 284

Seleucia, i. 22

Seligun, valley of, i. 313; ii. 1;
lake, i. 315

Serba torrent, ii. 17

Seyyids, the, i. 32; ii. 123

Shah, palace of the, at Tihran, i. 192;
haram, 192;
hunting grounds, 195;
gardens, 198;
treasure house, 199;
Peacock Throne, 201;
presentation to, 201;
description of, 202;
despotic ruler, ii. 255

Shahbadar village, ii. 115

Shalamzar, i. 312;
eye diseases, 312

Shamal, i. 1, 5

Shamisiri valley, ii. 20

Shamran, twin peaks of, i. 124

Shamsabad village, i. 312;
river, 317

Shashgird, caravanserai of, i. 173, 213

Shat-el-Arab, the, i. 5, 6

Shawutha, hamlet of, ii. 285

Shedd, Dr., ii. 226

Sheraban, i. 57

Shiahs, the, i. 35

Shimran hills, i. 182, 193, 195

Shiraz, i. 227

Shorab valley, ii. 27

Shurishghan, legends, i. 309 note

Shuster, ii. 16

Shuturun, ii. 77;
mountain, 83

Siashan, i. 150

Silakhor, plain of, ii. 89, 94

Sinsin, i. 225

Sipan Dagh, ii. 342, 362

Snow scene, i. 153

Soh village, i. 236;
telegraph testing station, 227, 236

Sowars, the, i. 78

Stone lions, i. 343

Sujbulāk, ii. 187, 207;
cemetery, 206;
trade, 207;
consulate, 207;
inhabitants, 207

Sulduz, plain of, ii. 214

Sultan Ibrahim, i. 360

Sunnis, the, i. 36

Surmel, the, ii. 394

Sutton, Dr. and Mrs., i. 24, 37, 39, 46

Syrians, characteristics of the, ii. 241;
costume, 242;
pious phrases, 242;
baptism, 299;
clerical dress, 302;
burial rites, 303;
marriage customs, 307;
fasts, 308;
episcopal succession, 309;
kourbana, 310;
dancing, 312;
condition of, 324

T

Tabarak, stream, ii. 19

Tadvan village, ii. 360

Taimur Khan, ii. 52

Taj Khatan, i. 157;
bread-making, 159

Tak-i-Girreh, pass of, i. 88

Tak-i-Kasr, palace of, i. 22

Takautapa, ii. 179, 186

Takt-i-Bostan, rock sculptors of, i. 112

Tāndūr or fire-hole, i. 132

Tang-i-Ardal, gorge, i. 342

Tang-i-Bahrain, ii. 94

Tang-i-Buzful, ii. 124

Tang-i-Darkash Warkash, ii. 3

Tang-i-Ghezi, ii. 24

Tang-i-Karun, ii. 11

Taug-i-Wastagun, i. 361

Tarsa, ii. 49

Tazieh or Passion Play, i. 35, 184; ii. 158

Tchoruk, ii. 388

Terpai torrent, ii. 286

Threshing, mode of, ii. 138

Tigris, river, i. 1, 9, 15, 27, 51; ii. 350;
navigation of, i. 12

Tihran, i. 175;
arrival at, 180;
aspects of, 183;
population, 184;
bazars, 184;
horse furniture, 185;
foreign goods, 186, 187;
European quarter, 188;
Christian mission at, 188;
dispensary, hospital, 188;
modern improvements, 189;
Imperial Bank, 189;
squares, 192;
Citadel or Ark, 192;
freight of goods, 196;
society, 197;
Museum, 199;
telegraphic centre, 227

Tiles, i. 231

Toogh village, ii. 349

“Tower of Silence,” i. 194

Travelling equipments, i. 44, 47, 117, 282

Trebizond, ii. 386, 396

Tuk-i-Karu, ii. 94

Tulwar village, ii. 177

Tur, i. 338, 347

Turbehs or mausoleums, ii. 362

Turkish house, i. 40

Turkman, hamlet of, ii. 211, 217

Twig Bridge, ii. 114

U

Undzag, ii. 344

Urmi, the “Paradise of Persia,” ii. 217;
Protestant missions at, 221–234;
the Fiske Seminary, 222;
College, 222;
medical mission, 224;
siege, 225;
schools, 226, 231;
history of the mission, 226;
results, 229;
Anglican mission, 229;
Sisters of Bethany, 232;
population, 235;
antiquarian interests, 236;
Syrians or Assyrians, 237;
inhabitants, 237;
tenure of houses, 237;
of lands, 238;
laws injurious to Christians, ii. 240

Urmi, Dead Sea of, ii. 215, 235

v

V-Shaped slit, difficult passage of the, ii. 44

Van, ii. 325, 334 note;
Christian mission at, 335;
schools, 335;
the “Gardens,” 337;
castle, 338;
church, 339;
increasing trade, 339

—— Dead Sea of, ii. 332

—— Lake, ii. 342

Varak Dagh, ii. 342

Varzahan village, ii. 389

Vastan village, ii. 342

Vignau, M. du, i. 227

W

Walnut trees, ii. 346

Water supply of Persia, i. 241, 305

Wells, Colonel, i. 197, 227

Wiyjahea caravanserai, i. 54

Wolff, Sir H. Drummond, i. 181

Writing, a fine art, i. 284

Y

Yakobiyeh, i. 46, 52

Yalpand village, ii. 144

Yangaloo, Armenian village, ii. 366

Yekmala, ii. 275

Yezd, i. 194

Yezidi torrent, ii. 286

Yezidis, the, ii. 317

Z

Zab river, ii. 286

Zagros, gates of, i. 87

Zainderud river, i. 258, 269, 301; ii. 19;
process of rinsing, i. 258

Zalabi, Bakhtiari eatable, i. 330

Zaptiehs, ii. 326

Zarak village, ii. 360

Zard Kuh range, ii. 23, 27, 28

Zarin valley, ii. 19

Zibar mountains, ii. 214

Zigana mountain, ii. 392

Zobeideh valley, i. 95

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Last updated Wednesday, March 12, 2014 at 13:31